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What Is a Collateral Assignment of Life Insurance?
Charlene Rhinehart is a CPA , CFE, chair of an Illinois CPA Society committee, and has a degree in accounting and finance from DePaul University.
A collateral assignment of life insurance is a conditional assignment appointing a lender as an assignee of a policy. Essentially, the lender has a claim to some or all of the death benefit until the loan is repaid. The death benefit is used as collateral for a loan.
The advantage to using a collateral assignee over naming the lender as a beneficiary is that you can specify that the lender is only entitled to a certain amount, namely the amount of the outstanding loan. That would allow your beneficiaries still be entitled to any remaining death benefit.
Lenders commonly require that life insurance serve as collateral for a business loan to guarantee repayment if the borrower dies or defaults. They may even require you to get a life insurance policy to be approved for a business loan.
- The borrower of a business loan using life insurance as collateral must be the policy owner, who may or may not be the insured.
- The collateral assignment helps you avoid naming a lender as a beneficiary.
- The collateral assignment may be against all or part of the policy's value.
- If any amount of the death benefit remains after the lender is paid, it is distributed to beneficiaries.
- Once the loan is fully repaid, the life insurance policy is no longer used as collateral.
How a Collateral Assignment of Life Insurance Works
Collateral assignments make sure the lender gets paid only what they are due. The borrower must be the owner of the policy, but they do not have to be the insured person. And the policy must remain current for the life of the loan, with the policy owner continuing to pay all premiums . You can use either term or whole life insurance policy as collateral, but the death benefit must meet the lender's terms.
A permanent life insurance policy with a cash value allows the lender access to the cash value to use as loan payment if the borrower defaults. Many lenders don't accept term life insurance policies as collateral because they do not accumulate cash value.
Alternately, the policy owner's access to the cash value is restricted to protect the collateral. If the loan is repaid before the borrower's death, the assignment is removed, and the lender is no longer the beneficiary of the death benefit.
Insurance companies must be notified of the collateral assignment of a policy. However, other than their obligation to meet the terms of the contract, they are not involved in the agreement.
Example of Collateral Assignment of Life Insurance
For example, say you have a business plan for a floral shop and need a $50,000 loan to get started. When you apply for the loan, the bank says you must have collateral in the form of a life insurance policy to back it up. You have a whole life insurance policy with a cash value of $65,000 and a death benefit of $300,000, which the bank accepts as collateral.
So, you then designate the bank as the policy's assignee until you repay the $50,000 loan. That way, the bank can ensure it will be repaid the funds it lent you, even if you died. In this case, because the cash value and death benefit is more than what you owe the lender, your beneficiaries would still inherit money.
Alternatives to Collateral Assignment of Life Insurance
Using a collateral assignment to secure a business loan can help you access the funds you need to start or grow your business. However, you would be at risk of losing your life insurance policy if you defaulted on the loan, meaning your beneficiaries may not receive the money you'd planned for them to inherit.
Consult with a financial advisor to discuss whether a collateral assignment or one of these alternatives may be most appropriate for your financial situation.
Life insurance loan (policy loan) : If you already have a life insurance policy with a cash value, you can likely borrow against it. Policy loans are not taxed and have less stringent requirements such as no credit or income checks. However, this option would not work if you do not already have a permanent life insurance policy because the cash value component takes time to build.
Surrendering your policy : You can also surrender your policy to access any cash value you've built up. However, your beneficiaries would no longer receive a death benefit.
Other loan types : Finally, you can apply for other loans, such as a personal loan, that do not require life insurance as collateral. You could use loans that rely on other types of collateral, such as a home equity loan that uses your home equity.
What Are the Benefits of Collateral Assignment of Life Insurance?
A collateral assignment of a life insurance policy may be required if you need a business loan. Lenders typically require life insurance as collateral for business loans because they guarantee repayment if the borrower dies. A policy with cash value can guarantee repayment if the borrower defaults.
What Kind of Life Insurance Can Be Used for Collateral?
You can typically use any type of life insurance policy as collateral for a business loan, depending on the lender's requirements. A permanent life insurance policy with a cash value allows the lender a source of funds to use if the borrower defaults. Some lenders may not accept term life insurance policies, which have no cash value. The lender will typically require the death benefit be a certain amount, depending on your loan size.
Is Collateral Assignment of Life Insurance Irrevocable?
A collateral assignment of life insurance is irrevocable. So, the policyholder may not use the cash value of a life insurance policy dedicated toward collateral for a loan until that loan has been repaid.
What is the Difference Between an Assignment and a Collateral Assignment?
With an absolute assignment , the entire ownership of the policy would be transferred to the assignee, or the lender. Then, the lender would be entitled to the full death benefit. With a collateral assignment, the lender is only entitled to the balance of the outstanding loan.
The Bottom Line
If you are applying for life insurance to secure your own business loan, remember you do not need to make the lender the beneficiary. Instead you can use a collateral assignment. Consult a financial advisor or insurance broker who can walk you through the process and explain its pros and cons as they apply to your situation.
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Collateral Assignment of Life Insurance: Everything You Need to Know
- August 8, 2023
Life insurance isn’t just about peace of mind for the future; it can also serve as a lifesaver when you’re looking for ways to secure a loan. This clever maneuver is known as a collateral assignment of life insurance. It’s a deal between you and your lender where your life insurance policy, specifically the cash value component, is used as collateral for a loan.
When assigning your life insurance policy as collateral for a loan, the lender will become a temporary beneficiary of your policy. If the assigner dies before repaying the loan, the lender can claim the death benefit up to the outstanding loan balance. If the policyholder defaults, the cash value of the policy will be collected.
Who can benefit from the collateral assignment of life insurance?
If you need to secure a loan but don’t have typical assets like a house or significant savings, collateral assignment of life insurance could be your ticket. It’s great for small business owners, entrepreneurs, and folks with sizable insurance policies but limited liquid assets.
To use a life insurance policy as collateral, the policy term should be at least as long as the loan duration and should possess a cash value component equal to the loan amount.
What types of life insurance can be used as collateral?
To make this work, you’ll need a permanent life insurance policy that has a cash value component. This includes options like whole life, universal life, and variable life insurance. Unfortunately, term life insurance doesn’t quite make the cut, as it lacks a cash value.
How to use life insurance as collateral for a loan?
1. Ensure the lender accepts life insurance as collateral.
2. Apply for the collateral assignment through the bank or directly with the insurer.
3. Fill out an “assignment of Life Insurance Policy as Collateral form” provided by your insurer.
4. Submit the form to the insurer, and wait for approval.
5. Once the collateral assignment is approved, notify your bank or lender.
6. Bank or lender will set the loan terms such as the interest rate, payment terms, and other obligations.
Is life insurance as collateral widely accepted? Do all banks accept it?
Typically, permanent life insurance policies such as whole life and universal life, which have a cash value component, can be used as collateral. Lenders such as banks want security, and the cash value component of a whole life insurance policy provides this. This cash value grows over time and can be used if the borrower defaults on the loan, which decreases the risk for the lender.
How is the loan amount determined when using life insurance as collateral?
The borrowing capacity is determined as a proportion of the cash value, varying across different insurance companies. Typically, the permissible borrowing range hovers around 90% to 95%. Applying these percentages to a cash value of $50,000, one could potentially secure a loan amounting to $45,000 to $47,500.
What happens when you are unable to pay back the life insurance loan?
The cash value of your policy will be collected by the lender. If this is insufficient, the amount you owe is deducted from the death benefit when you pass away. In some instances, you might also incur a substantial tax bill.
Is the collateral assignment of the life insurance agreement permanent?
No, the collateral assignment of the life insurance agreement is not permanent. It’s tied to the lifespan of the loan. Once the loan is fully repaid, the assignment can be released, and the life insurance policy returns to its original beneficiary arrangement.
What are the tax implications of using life insurance as collateral for a loan?
If the amount you borrow directly from the insurance company is equal to or less than the total insurance premiums you have paid, it is not subject to taxation. However, If you surrender your policy, or allow it to lapse, and the total amount of outstanding loans and interest surpasses what you have paid in premiums, there is a possibility of incurring a tax liability. In essence, you would be required to pay income tax on any investment earnings in that scenario.
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Disclaimer : The comments, opinions, and analyses expressed at Everyday Life are for informational purposes only and should not be considered individual investment, legal or tax advice.
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Collateral assignment of life insurance
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Using your life insurance policy as collateral is one way of securing a loan without the risk of using your home or car. Most loans are either secured or unsecured, and while an unsecured loan does not require collateral, they are not always the most affordable or available option to many loan seekers. Bankrate breaks down the collateral assignment of life insurance process along with alternative options to help you decide what type of loan may be best for you.
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Whole life insurance combines life insurance with an investment component.
- Coverage for life
- Tax-deferred savings benefit if premiums are paid
- 3 variations of permanent insurance: whole life, universal life and variable life include investment component
Term life insurance is precisely what the name implies: an insurance policy that is good for a specific term of time.
- Fixed premium over term
- No savings benefits
- Outliving policy or policy cancellation results in no money back
This advertising widget is powered by HomeInsurance.com, a licensed insurance producer (NPN: 8781838) and a corporate affiliate of Bankrate. HomeInsurance.com LLC services are only available in states where it is licensed and insurance coverage through HomeInsurance.com may not be available in all states. All insurance products are governed by the terms in the applicable insurance policy, and all related decisions (such as approval for coverage, premiums, commissions and fees) and policy obligations are the sole responsibility of the underwriting insurer. The information on this site does not modify any insurance policy terms in any way.
What is collateral assignment of life insurance?
A collateral assignment of life insurance is a method of securing a loan by using a life insurance policy as collateral . If you pass away before the loan is repaid, the lender can collect the outstanding loan balance from the death benefit of your life insurance policy. Any remaining funds from the death benefit would then be disbursed to the policy’s designated beneficiary(ies).
Why use life insurance as collateral?
There are several reasons why you might want to use life insurance as collateral for a loan. Among them:
- It can be affordable. Depending on your age, health, the type and value of policy, life insurance costs vary. However, life insurance premiums may be less than what you would pay for an unsecured loan with higher interest rates.
- You are not jeopardizing your personal property. By using life insurance as collateral, you might be able to take out a secured loan without putting your home or vehicle at risk. If you pass away before the loan is repaid, the lender will use funds available from your life insurance policy’s death benefit to pay off the loan.
- It may be attractive to lenders. Many financial institutions view life insurance as a good option for collateral, knowing that they will very likely have the money to pay off your loan in the event of your death.
Of course, there are also some situations in which a collateral assignment of life insurance is not the best option. Some people are unable to obtain affordable life insurance due to their age or health complications. It can also be difficult to use an existing life insurance policy as collateral for a loan; a lender may require you to take out a new policy, specifically for the purpose of the collateral assignment.
How do I take out a loan using a collateral assignment of life insurance?
If you would like to take out a loan using life insurance as collateral, your first step should be to find a lender willing to issue this type of loan. After you confirm the lender’s requirements, you may be able to use your existing life insurance policy (if the lender will allow it) or you might need to purchase a new policy for a collateral assignment.
If you take out a new policy, the application process is the same as applying for any other type of life insurance and may require extensive underwriting, including a medical exam. After you have purchased the new policy, you will need to ask the insurance company for a collateral assignment form that you will need to complete, noting your lender as an assignee. Generally, a lender will not be listed as a beneficiary. The beneficiary(ies)will be the person you would like to receive any leftover benefits not claimed by the lender.
What types of life insurance can I use as collateral for a loan?
Both main types of life insurance, term life insurance and permanent life insurance , can be used to secure a loan. If you have a policy that falls into a subcategory of permanent life insurance, such as whole life, universal life, variable life or variable-universal life, these too are eligible to be used as collateral. However, each financial institution will likely have different requirements. Make sure to discuss these requirements with your lender before purchasing life insurance with the specific intention to use it as collateral. If more than one option is available, you may want to compare the cost of premiums for each type of policy.
Alternatives to life insurance as collateral
If you are considering a collateral assignment of life insurance, there are a few alternative funding options that might be worth exploring. Since many factors determine each option, working with a financial advisor may be the best way to find the ideal solution for your situation.
Depending on your situation, an unsecured loan may be more affordable than a secured loan with life insurance as collateral. This is more likely to be the case if you have good enough credit to qualify for a low interest rate without having to offer any type of collateral. There are many different types of unsecured loans, including credit cards and personal loans.
Cash value life insurance
Some permanent life insurance policies accumulate cash value over time that you can use in different ways. If you have such a policy, you may be able to partially withdraw the cash value or take a loan against your cash value. However, there are implications to using the cash value in your life insurance policy, so be sure to discuss this solution with a life insurance agent or your financial advisor before making a decision.
Home equity line of credit (HELOC)
A home equity line of credit (HELOC), is a more flexible way to access funds than a standard secured loan. While HELOCs carry the downside of risking your home as collateral, you retain more control over the amount you borrow. Instead of receiving one lump sum, you will have access to a line of credit that you can withdraw from as needed. You will only have to pay interest on the actual amount borrowed.
Frequently asked questions
What is the best life insurance company, what type of loans are collateral assignments usually associated with, what are other common forms of collateral, related articles.
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What Is A Collateral Assignment Of Life Insurance?
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A collateral assignment is sometimes a necessity if you’re applying for larger financing amounts such as a mortgage or business loan.
But what is a collateral assignment and how do you go about getting it on your life insurance policy?
In this article, we’ll cover what collateral assignment is, how you can add it to your life insurance, and what alternatives there are out there.
What Is Collateral Assignment?
A collateral assignment is a process by which a person uses their life insurance policy as collateral for a secured loan.
In simple terms, collateral assignment is reassigning priorities for who gets paid the death benefit of your life insurance policy.
What Is a death benefit?
A death benefit or face value of a life insurance contract is the amount of money that your beneficiaries will receive from your policy when you die.
Once you apply for collateral assignment and it’s approved, your specified debtor (the loan provider) will be paid first and then your beneficiaries will receive what is left over in your life insurance policy.
This is different from using your cash value to loan money as you are taking out a loan from another financial institution and using your policy as a guarantee that you’ll cover any debt when you die.
For example, let’s say you want to take out a secured loan from your local bank and want to use your life insurance policy as a collateral assignment.
In this situation, you’d still have to pay back any debt you have with interest during the loan period.
However, the life insurance policy would be used if the borrower dies and there was an outstanding loan balance remaining.
Secured Loans vs. Unsecured Loans
Secured loans are debts that are backed by assets that a lender can claim if the debt isn’t repaid. These types of loans often offer better interest rates and more generous payment terms.
Unsecured loans are debts that don’t have collateral. These types of loans are more expensive to repay and considered riskier than secured loans.
How Does Applying for Collateral Assignment Work?
The process for getting collateral assignments for life insurance is the same as when you apply for new life insurance coverage.
All you’ll be doing is indicating to your life insurance provider that your lender will be given priority for the amount of money you have borrowed through them.
There is an:
Offer that you’ll receive.
You’ll be required to name beneficiaries as well as indicate ownership of the life insurance policy in the collateral assignment form which will be provided by your life insurance company.
This is because you’re changing the terms of your payout and your life insurance provider will need to follow these instructions once you die.
NB Some insurance companies don’t offer collateral assignment on new loans and generally only provide this feature to an existing life insurance policy.
You should check beforehand to see what will be required to apply for a collateral assignment. If you need help finding plans that offer this, send an email to a licensed insurance agent today.
Once you’ve assigned a new collateral assignee to your life insurance policy, they will be entitled to lay a claim on your death benefit for any debt you have with them.
For example, let’s say you take out a collateral assignment life insurance policy worth $200,000 for a loan of $75,000 over 7 years at an interest rate of 18%.
If you die after five years, based on these figures, you’ll still have $41,231.02 owed on your loan.
Your $200,000 life insurance plan will be used to cover this and your beneficiaries will receive the remaining $158 768.98 from your life insurance policy.
Your lender is only allowed to take the amount outstanding on the debt owed and cannot take more.
What about Missed Payments and Cash Value Life Insurance?
If you have a permanent life policy with a cash value account, sometimes called cash value life insurance, your lender will have access to it to cover missed payments on your loan.
For example, let’s say you miss a payment on your loan and have a collateral assignment. Your lender will be able to access your cash value account and withdraw that month’s payment to cover your debt.
Who Can You Add as a Collateral Assignee?
You can add any person or institution as a collateral assignee to your life insurance policy if you owe them money.
This can include banks, lenders, private individuals, businesses, or credit card companies.
The most common collateral assignments are for business loans and mortgages. This is because they are loans for high amounts that are paid off over several years.
In fact, some banks and financial lenders may require that you add them as collateral assignees when you apply for any of the financing options mentioned below.
Common Collateral Assignees Include:
💵 Bank loans
💳 Credit cards
💼 Business loans
What Do I Do If I’ve Paid Off My Debt?
If you’ve managed to pay off your debt - firstly, congratulations! Secondly, you’ll want to notify your life insurance company that you’ll be changing your collateral assignments on your life policy.
While there is no legal claim that a company can make to debts that aren’t owed anymore, there may be a hold up in paying out the death benefit to your beneficiaries and other collateral assignees.
Life insurance companies will have to figure out who must be paid first, according to the order stated in your collateral assignment terms.
In general, life insurance policies will settle claims within 24 hours of being notified of a policyholder’s death.
The process can be delayed if you do not release your collateral assignees from your life insurance contract.
Tips to Make Sure Your Life Policy Is Paid Out Quickly
Here are some tips if you want your beneficiary claims to be handled as fast as possible:
1) Keep a copy of your life insurance policy and policy number in a safe place or with your lawyer, financial advisor, or estate planner.
2) Speak to your beneficiaries about your policies and give them the contact details of the relevant life insurance company.
3) Make sure your life insurance contract is updated to reflect your latest list of beneficiaries.
4) Make sure you have your beneficiaries' details listed in the contract or with your lawyer.
The Benefits of Using Collateral Assignment of Life Insurance
While adding a collateral assignment to your current life insurance policy may require an application, paperwork, and time, there are benefits:
Many lenders like it: Banks and financial institutions sometimes prefer it when applicants use their life insurance policy as collateral for a loan. This is because they know that their debt will be serviced long-term by your insurance company which makes their loan to you a lower risk.
Your private property won’t be jeopardized: The last thing you want when you go into debt is to put your personal items, such as your car, investments, or home on the line as collateral. Using collateral assignment is an alternative to this and can protect you in the event that you can’t service your debt.
It can be affordable for some people: If you’re in good health and young, you may be paying affordable rates for permanent life cover. In situations like this, it can make sense to use your life cover as collateral for debts you’ve incurred.
What Are Some Alternatives to Collateral Assignment?
Term Life Insurance: Getting a term life insurance contract to cover specific debts is one way of ensuring your estate and family are protected when you die.
There are multiple types of term life insurance plans and they are more affordable than permanent life insurance. This makes options like level term life insurance and decreasing term life insurance ideal for different types of debts you may have over your lifetime.
What Is Term Life?
Term life is a temporary life coverage option that lasts for a specific period of time. It is different from permanent life insurance which lasts until you die or you stop paying premiums.
Term life contracts are typically between 5 to 20 years, however, you can get renewable term life plans and even a forty-year term life plan .
Borrow from your life insurance: If you have a permanent life insurance policy, such as universal, whole, or indexed life cover, you can borrow money from your cash value account.
However, keep in mind that you’ll be required to pay interest on any amount that you borrow and any amount of debt incurred will be deducted from your policy’s death benefit when you die.
What Is Cash Value?
Cash value is a feature of permanent life insurance plans that policyholders can contribute additional money toward while they have a policy in force.
This money is set aside in a cash value account which is tax-deferred and can be used in a number of ways.
In some cases, if your policy allows it, you can end your contract and get the cash surrender value of it. This amount is usually much less than the value of your total life insurance contract.
Our Verdict on Collateral Assignment
Many banks, lenders, and financial institutions want long-term guarantees that you’ll be able to service your debt if anything happens to you.
In some situations, getting collateral assignments on your life insurance to cover these debts is a good option for people who are trying to access finance from these institutions.
However, there is a risk that your death benefit payout may be delayed for your beneficiaries if you don’t keep your different collateral assignees up to date.
If you already have a life insurance policy, you should contact your provider to find out what the process is and what you’ll need to do to change the collateral assignees on your policy.
If you don’t have a policy yet, our advice is to look at all of your options before you decide to take a permanent life insurance contract with a collateral assignment.
There are alternatives out there that are more affordable if you’re looking to protect your family and estate from debt.
Term life is one such option that is adaptable to your life and easy to get.
For example, a decreasing term life insurance policy might be the right choice for someone who has recently bought a home and wants to cover their mortgage while they pay it back.
Another option is final expense insurance, which is a permanent life policy for smaller amounts, usually under $50,000.
With final expense insurance, your beneficiaries can pay for anything they want, including any debts you may have had in your life.
The process for applying is simple and you won't have to go through a medical exam or intensive underwriting as you would with traditional permanent life insurance.
If you need any assistance with finding, comparing, or learning about the different life insurance options to cover your debts, speak to one of our expert advisors today at 1-888-912-2132 or [email protected] .
Where Can I Learn More about Life Insurance?
If you’re looking to learn more about life insurance, different kinds of coverage, or costs, visit our life insurance hub to find our latest articles.
We do the research so that you don’t have to and our articles cover complicated topics like what is a cash value account, what is key person insurance, or how long life insurance takes to pay out a death benefit.
If you need help with quotes, try out a life insurance quote finder or reach out to us via email at [email protected] to get in touch with a licensed life insurance agent for your state.
Keith yagnik, ariel serber, michael kikoz.
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Guidelines for Collateral Assignment of Life Insurance
- By: Risk Management Team
Lions Financial provides comprehensive guidelines for the collateral assignment of life insurance. The collateral assignment involves using a life insurance policy as collateral for a loan or debt. Lions Financial assists individuals and businesses in understanding the process and implications of collateral assignment, ensuring they make informed decisions.
The guidelines cover important aspects such as determining the policy’s cash surrender value, establishing the assignment amount, and defining the rights and responsibilities of the assignee and assignor. Lions Financial also helps clients navigate legal and tax considerations related to collateral assignment.
Banks require insurance for collateral assignment so that they can always get any outstanding loan amount back if the loaner defaults or dies before being able to pay the loan back.
Collateral is pledged as security for repayment of a loan, to be forfeited in the event of a default. A collateral assignment of insurance is a conditional assignment appointing a lender as the primary beneficiary of a benefit to use as collateral for a loan. If the borrower is unable to pay, the lender can cash in the insurance policy and recover what is owed.
An Absolute assignment in insurance involves signing over your entire policy to another person or entity. The person who is selling or gifting the policy is known as the assignor, and the individual or individuals who receive it are the assignee. The assignee takes full ownership of the policy, being held liable for any premiums and also having the authority to change or designate new beneficiaries.
Collateral assignment of life insurance essentially works like a standard loan. The insurance policy is “collateral” for a loan, and the person or organization that pays out that loan is the temporary beneficiary of the policy’s death benefit until the loan is repaid. The entity taking over the policy does so on a conditional basis and, therefore, doesn’t have the authority to make changes to it, re-sell it or take any of its cash value. Instead, the assignee can only draw on the death benefit if the policyholder defaults.
On the other hand, Collateral Assignment enables policy holders to regain control of their own policy once a medical or other crisis has resolved. It is one of the 3 common ways to borrow from your life insurance policy and access the cash value. With a collateral assignment, you are able to eventually benefit again from the long-term advantages of a life insurance policy.
If one already has a life insurance policy with a face value greater than the loan amount, he can collaterally assign that policy by requesting the paperwork from the insurer. If one doesn’t have a life insurance policy or needs additional coverage, he will need to apply for life insurance and go through underwriting.
Whether one has a term life insurance policy or a whole life insurance policy, he will be the policy owner and responsible for the premium payments. The borrower must be the owner of the policy but not necessarily the insured, and the policy must remain current for the life of the loan with the owner continuing to pay all necessary premiums.
Any type of life insurance policy is acceptable for collateral assignment, provided the insurance company allows assignment for the policy. Some banks may require an escrow account for the life insurance premiums, others may require proof of premiums paid or prepaid.
If one has a whole life policy that he uses for collateral assignment, banks will have access to the cash value of the policy if he defaulted on the loan. If the loaner dies, the insurance company will use the death benefit to pay off any outstanding loan amount. The rest, if any, goes to the assigned beneficiaries.
Insurance companies must be notified of the collateral assignment of a policy. When one is applying for life insurance for the purpose of collateral assignment, he will name his beneficiaries as he would for a personal policy. The bank is not his beneficiary, but the assignee on the collateral assignment after the policy is in force. On the form, he will be the assignor.
There are several reasons to consider a collateral assignment of life insurance. The Collateral assignment guarantees the safety of the amount that was loaned out to the lender, especially under the listed terms and conditions that the lender will be paid in full; moreover, the remaining will be given to the listed beneficiaries in the case of death of the borrower.
- It safeguards the interests of the lender. A collateral assignment plays a critical role in securing a loan for the borrower. It is the insurance company’s obligation to safeguard the lender’s interest after collecting the collateral assignment form.
- A collateral assignment allows you to be more flexible with your capital assets.
- A collateral assignment allows the borrower to purchase insurance as a low-cost collateral to secure paying back a loan.
A collateral assignment has great advantages, but it has certain limitations as well. First of all, a collateral assignment has a limited death benefit. You should assign part of the death benefits as collateral instead of the total benefits which avoids the circumstances where the lender claims all the death benefits after you die.
- Difficulty in obtaining an affordable insurance policy with low premiums.
- Loss of policy control is another disadvantage of collateral assignment.
- Collateral assignment suffers from the limited use of cash value.
Any type of life insurance policy is acceptable for collateral assignment, provided the insurance company allows assignment for the policy.
Some examples of insurance policies you can use for collateral assignment are:
- Term Insurance
Term life insurance is used to offer coverage for a specific number of years. The proceeds of the policy are only paid out after the insurer dies, and it lacks equity and a surrender value. It falls under the category of the most affordable insurance plans which is why it is a top pick for most people.
You don’t need to buy a plan that exceeds or falls below your needs. Term life insurance enables you to purchase a plan tailored to your needs and since it is not permanent, you are going to pay low premiums.
- Universal Life Insurance or Whole Life Insurance
With universal life insurance, you will be able to design the insurance policy according to how you want it. The insurance proceeds are usually released when the insured party dies. It is great for individuals looking for a permanent insurance policy that never expires unless you are dead. In short, you will continue to receive coverage as long as the annual premiums are getting paid.
On the downside, universal life insurance policies tend to be expensive because they are meant to offer life term coverage.
On the bright side, the policies build cash value and the longer the premiums are paid, the more value the plan will build. This cash value can be used on other investments or to pay off the outstanding premiums.
When applying for a collateral assignment of life insurance, you can use two ways to do so: through the bank or through your insurer. The two are explained further below;
- APPLYING THROUGH YOUR BANK
There are some lenders who will consider using your existing life insurance policy for collateral assignment if you request it, but others might require you to take out a brand-new policy specifically for that purpose.
In either case, using life insurance for collateral assignment when applying for loans is a fairly common practice that almost every life insurance company and the bank is equipped to handle.
You start off the application for assignment by securing the loan with the bank in question. This is where you will discover the limitations and regulations the bank has regarding the collateral assignment of life insurance. Each lender has different policies.
- APPLYING THROUGH YOUR INSURER
Once you have found the right loan, you must fill out the collateral assignment form. Your insurer will be able to provide you with this form easily.
The form has to be filled out by every party involved, including yourself, the lender, and the insurance company. You can sign the forms at the time of your loan application or you can sign them after your policy has been issued.
If you are taking out a brand-new life insurance policy, you are better off signing all of the documents for this at the beginning of the application. The time frame to request a collateral assignment and be accepted for it ranges between 24 hours and 48 hours.
Some banks might require that you notarize the form, which can add some time to the application and acceptance process
There are several essential parts to be included in the collateral assignment forms.
1. Policy Identification
This part focuses on the information of the insured, including policy numbers, owner’s first and last names, address, phone number, and email address.
2. Assignee information:
This part contains information about the assignee. The assignee could be an individual, corporate entity or trust. If the assignee is a Trust, he/she ought to list out all the names of currently serving trustees.
Moreover, this part should include the assignee’s full legal name, address, tax ID, email address, and phone number. 3. Terms and conditions: This section lists all the terms and conditions of the assignment. To be specific, this section covers in detail the rights, for instance, “the sole right to collect from the Insurer the net proceeds of the policy, the sole right to obtain one or more loans or advances on the Policy”, etc. Moreover, this section might also include IRS certification to certify the taxpayer identification number filed in the previous sections are authentic and correct.
4. Signatures: All owners and assignees are required to sign and date in this section after reviewing the previous terms and conditions. Moreover, beneficiaries are also required to sign this form. 5. Submission of the assignment form: After careful revision of terms and conditions of the assignment and signature, the assignment form should be submitted for processing. This part should list detailed instructions for sending back the assignment form. Moreover, this part should also provide the address, contact information, and the fax number of the company who issued the policy.
You apply for a life insurance policy and name your beneficiary (your spouse, children, whomever). Just as you normally would. After the policy goes into force, a collateral assignment form from the life insurance company will be sent for you to complete. When a life insurance company sets a collateral assignment of life insurance, this usually takes in the region of seven to ten days to be filed and acknowledged. However we may expedite this if the collateral assignment is required more urgently. When taking out life insurance at the same time as assigning the collateral, the collateral assignment form must be submitted with the life insurance application. You get the collateral assignment form signed (some companies require a notarized signature). It will take a few days to a few weeks for the life insurance company to acknowledge the assignment. Once the loan has been paid in full, the assignment must be lifted from the policy by means of a release form sent by the lender to the insurance company. When it receives the release, the insurance company cancels the assignment and restores all rights in the policy to the owner. A collateral assignment allows the life insurance company to pay your SBA lender only what they are owed and the rest goes to your beneficiary. As you pay down the loan, the amount of coverage will be more than you need, and a collateral assignment form makes sure the lender is only paid what is needed. If you named the lender as the beneficiary, the lender would receive the entire death benefit even though you’ve paid down the balance. And if you did that, the life insurance company wouldn’t issue you the amount of coverage needed – they’ll typically only issue 80% of the loan amount. So, it’s imperative that you use a collateral assignment. The Collateral Assignment of Life Insurance is a way to secure funding for business or other ventures. It is important to understand the different types of assignments and how they work before choosing this option. At Lions Financial, we offer a variety of services and resources to help businesses secure funding and protect their assets.
To learn more about these services, sign up for our newsletters or make an appointment with a representative today! Contact us at https://lions.financial/contact/ Learn more, visit: What Are the Tax Considerations For Life Insurance Premiums Under Collateral Assignment For Business Bank Loans Should You Consider An Asset-Based Loan For Your Business Process For A Business To File a Life Insurance Claim Life Insurance Requirements for SBA Loans Life Insurance Requirements when getting an SBA Loan The sources we use for this information include: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/collateral.asp https://www.investopedia.com/terms/l/lender.asp https://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/beneficiary.asp
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About Nathan Paulus
Nathan Paulus is the director of content marketing at MoneyGeek. Nathan has been creating content for nearly 10 years and is particularly engaged in personal finance, investing, and property management. He holds a B.A. in English from the University of St. Thomas Houston.