How to Write a Business Plan: Step-by-Step Guide + Examples

Determined female African-American entrepreneur scaling a mountain while wearing a large backpack. Represents the journey to starting and growing a business and needi

Noah Parsons

24 min. read

Updated May 7, 2024

Writing a business plan doesn’t have to be complicated. 

In this step-by-step guide, you’ll learn how to write a business plan that’s detailed enough to impress bankers and potential investors, while giving you the tools to start, run, and grow a successful business.

  • The basics of business planning

If you’re reading this guide, then you already know why you need a business plan . 

You understand that planning helps you: 

  • Raise money
  • Grow strategically
  • Keep your business on the right track 

As you start to write your plan, it’s useful to zoom out and remember what a business plan is .

At its core, a business plan is an overview of the products and services you sell, and the customers that you sell to. It explains your business strategy: how you’re going to build and grow your business, what your marketing strategy is, and who your competitors are.

Most business plans also include financial forecasts for the future. These set sales goals, budget for expenses, and predict profits and cash flow. 

A good business plan is much more than just a document that you write once and forget about. It’s also a guide that helps you outline and achieve your goals. 

After completing your plan, you can use it as a management tool to track your progress toward your goals. Updating and adjusting your forecasts and budgets as you go is one of the most important steps you can take to run a healthier, smarter business. 

We’ll dive into how to use your plan later in this article.

There are many different types of plans , but we’ll go over the most common type here, which includes everything you need for an investor-ready plan. However, if you’re just starting out and are looking for something simpler—I recommend starting with a one-page business plan . It’s faster and easier to create. 

It’s also the perfect place to start if you’re just figuring out your idea, or need a simple strategic plan to use inside your business.

Dig deeper : How to write a one-page business plan

Brought to you by

LivePlan Logo

Create a professional business plan

Using ai and step-by-step instructions.

Secure funding

Validate ideas

Build a strategy

  • What to include in your business plan

Executive summary

The executive summary is an overview of your business and your plans. It comes first in your plan and is ideally just one to two pages. Most people write it last because it’s a summary of the complete business plan.

Ideally, the executive summary can act as a stand-alone document that covers the highlights of your detailed plan. 

In fact, it’s common for investors to ask only for the executive summary when evaluating your business. If they like what they see in the executive summary, they’ll often follow up with a request for a complete plan, a pitch presentation , or more in-depth financial forecasts .

Your executive summary should include:

  • A summary of the problem you are solving
  • A description of your product or service
  • An overview of your target market
  • A brief description of your team
  • A summary of your financials
  • Your funding requirements (if you are raising money)

Dig Deeper: How to write an effective executive summary

Products and services description

This is where you describe exactly what you’re selling, and how it solves a problem for your target market. The best way to organize this part of your plan is to start by describing the problem that exists for your customers. After that, you can describe how you plan to solve that problem with your product or service. 

This is usually called a problem and solution statement .

To truly showcase the value of your products and services, you need to craft a compelling narrative around your offerings. How will your product or service transform your customers’ lives or jobs? A strong narrative will draw in your readers.

This is also the part of the business plan to discuss any competitive advantages you may have, like specific intellectual property or patents that protect your product. If you have any initial sales, contracts, or other evidence that your product or service is likely to sell, include that information as well. It will show that your idea has traction , which can help convince readers that your plan has a high chance of success.

Market analysis

Your target market is a description of the type of people that you plan to sell to. You might even have multiple target markets, depending on your business. 

A market analysis is the part of your plan where you bring together all of the information you know about your target market. Basically, it’s a thorough description of who your customers are and why they need what you’re selling. You’ll also include information about the growth of your market and your industry .

Try to be as specific as possible when you describe your market. 

Include information such as age, income level, and location—these are what’s called “demographics.” If you can, also describe your market’s interests and habits as they relate to your business—these are “psychographics.” 

Related: Target market examples

Essentially, you want to include any knowledge you have about your customers that is relevant to how your product or service is right for them. With a solid target market, it will be easier to create a sales and marketing plan that will reach your customers. That’s because you know who they are, what they like to do, and the best ways to reach them.

Next, provide any additional information you have about your market. 

What is the size of your market ? Is the market growing or shrinking? Ideally, you’ll want to demonstrate that your market is growing over time, and also explain how your business is positioned to take advantage of any expected changes in your industry.

Dig Deeper: Learn how to write a market analysis

Competitive analysis

Part of defining your business opportunity is determining what your competitive advantage is. To do this effectively, you need to know as much about your competitors as your target customers. 

Every business has some form of competition. If you don’t think you have competitors, then explore what alternatives there are in the market for your product or service. 

For example: In the early years of cars, their main competition was horses. For social media, the early competition was reading books, watching TV, and talking on the phone.

A good competitive analysis fully lays out the competitive landscape and then explains how your business is different. Maybe your products are better made, or cheaper, or your customer service is superior. Maybe your competitive advantage is your location – a wide variety of factors can ultimately give you an advantage.

Dig Deeper: How to write a competitive analysis for your business plan

Marketing and sales plan

The marketing and sales plan covers how you will position your product or service in the market, the marketing channels and messaging you will use, and your sales tactics. 

The best place to start with a marketing plan is with a positioning statement . 

This explains how your business fits into the overall market, and how you will explain the advantages of your product or service to customers. You’ll use the information from your competitive analysis to help you with your positioning. 

For example: You might position your company as the premium, most expensive but the highest quality option in the market. Or your positioning might focus on being locally owned and that shoppers support the local economy by buying your products.

Once you understand your positioning, you’ll bring this together with the information about your target market to create your marketing strategy . 

This is how you plan to communicate your message to potential customers. Depending on who your customers are and how they purchase products like yours, you might use many different strategies, from social media advertising to creating a podcast. Your marketing plan is all about how your customers discover who you are and why they should consider your products and services. 

While your marketing plan is about reaching your customers—your sales plan will describe the actual sales process once a customer has decided that they’re interested in what you have to offer. 

If your business requires salespeople and a long sales process, describe that in this section. If your customers can “self-serve” and just make purchases quickly on your website, describe that process. 

A good sales plan picks up where your marketing plan leaves off. The marketing plan brings customers in the door and the sales plan is how you close the deal.

Together, these specific plans paint a picture of how you will connect with your target audience, and how you will turn them into paying customers.

Dig deeper: What to include in your sales and marketing plan

Business operations

The operations section describes the necessary requirements for your business to run smoothly. It’s where you talk about how your business works and what day-to-day operations look like. 

Depending on how your business is structured, your operations plan may include elements of the business like:

  • Supply chain management
  • Manufacturing processes
  • Equipment and technology
  • Distribution

Some businesses distribute their products and reach their customers through large retailers like, Walmart, Target, and grocery store chains. 

These businesses should review how this part of their business works. The plan should discuss the logistics and costs of getting products onto store shelves and any potential hurdles the business may have to overcome.

If your business is much simpler than this, that’s OK. This section of your business plan can be either extremely short or more detailed, depending on the type of business you are building.

For businesses selling services, such as physical therapy or online software, you can use this section to describe the technology you’ll leverage, what goes into your service, and who you will partner with to deliver your services.

Dig Deeper: Learn how to write the operations chapter of your plan

Key milestones and metrics

Although it’s not required to complete your business plan, mapping out key business milestones and the metrics can be incredibly useful for measuring your success.

Good milestones clearly lay out the parameters of the task and set expectations for their execution. You’ll want to include:

  • A description of each task
  • The proposed due date
  • Who is responsible for each task

If you have a budget, you can include projected costs to hit each milestone. You don’t need extensive project planning in this section—just list key milestones you want to hit and when you plan to hit them. This is your overall business roadmap. 

Possible milestones might be:

  • Website launch date
  • Store or office opening date
  • First significant sales
  • Break even date
  • Business licenses and approvals

You should also discuss the key numbers you will track to determine your success. Some common metrics worth tracking include:

  • Conversion rates
  • Customer acquisition costs
  • Profit per customer
  • Repeat purchases

It’s perfectly fine to start with just a few metrics and grow the number you are tracking over time. You also may find that some metrics simply aren’t relevant to your business and can narrow down what you’re tracking.

Dig Deeper: How to use milestones in your business plan

Organization and management team

Investors don’t just look for great ideas—they want to find great teams. Use this chapter to describe your current team and who you need to hire . You should also provide a quick overview of your location and history if you’re already up and running.

Briefly highlight the relevant experiences of each key team member in the company. It’s important to make the case for why yours is the right team to turn an idea into a reality. 

Do they have the right industry experience and background? Have members of the team had entrepreneurial successes before? 

If you still need to hire key team members, that’s OK. Just note those gaps in this section.

Your company overview should also include a summary of your company’s current business structure . The most common business structures include:

  • Sole proprietor
  • Partnership

Be sure to provide an overview of how the business is owned as well. Does each business partner own an equal portion of the business? How is ownership divided? 

Potential lenders and investors will want to know the structure of the business before they will consider a loan or investment.

Dig Deeper: How to write about your company structure and team

Financial plan

Last, but certainly not least, is your financial plan chapter. 

Entrepreneurs often find this section the most daunting. But, business financials for most startups are less complicated than you think, and a business degree is certainly not required to build a solid financial forecast. 

A typical financial forecast in a business plan includes the following:

  • Sales forecast : An estimate of the sales expected over a given period. You’ll break down your forecast into the key revenue streams that you expect to have.
  • Expense budget : Your planned spending such as personnel costs , marketing expenses, and taxes.
  • Profit & Loss : Brings together your sales and expenses and helps you calculate planned profits.
  • Cash Flow : Shows how cash moves into and out of your business. It can predict how much cash you’ll have on hand at any given point in the future.
  • Balance Sheet : A list of the assets, liabilities, and equity in your company. In short, it provides an overview of the financial health of your business. 

A strong business plan will include a description of assumptions about the future, and potential risks that could impact the financial plan. Including those will be especially important if you’re writing a business plan to pursue a loan or other investment.

Dig Deeper: How to create financial forecasts and budgets

This is the place for additional data, charts, or other information that supports your plan.

Including an appendix can significantly enhance the credibility of your plan by showing readers that you’ve thoroughly considered the details of your business idea, and are backing your ideas up with solid data.

Just remember that the information in the appendix is meant to be supplementary. Your business plan should stand on its own, even if the reader skips this section.

Dig Deeper : What to include in your business plan appendix

Optional: Business plan cover page

Adding a business plan cover page can make your plan, and by extension your business, seem more professional in the eyes of potential investors, lenders, and partners. It serves as the introduction to your document and provides necessary contact information for stakeholders to reference.

Your cover page should be simple and include:

  • Company logo
  • Business name
  • Value proposition (optional)
  • Business plan title
  • Completion and/or update date
  • Address and contact information
  • Confidentiality statement

Just remember, the cover page is optional. If you decide to include it, keep it very simple and only spend a short amount of time putting it together.

Dig Deeper: How to create a business plan cover page

How to use AI to help write your business plan

Generative AI tools such as ChatGPT can speed up the business plan writing process and help you think through concepts like market segmentation and competition. These tools are especially useful for taking ideas that you provide and converting them into polished text for your business plan.

The best way to use AI for your business plan is to leverage it as a collaborator , not a replacement for human creative thinking and ingenuity. 

AI can come up with lots of ideas and act as a brainstorming partner. It’s up to you to filter through those ideas and figure out which ones are realistic enough to resonate with your customers. 

There are pros and cons of using AI to help with your business plan . So, spend some time understanding how it can be most helpful before just outsourcing the job to AI.

Learn more: 10 AI prompts you need to write a business plan

  • Writing tips and strategies

To help streamline the business plan writing process, here are a few tips and key questions to answer to make sure you get the most out of your plan and avoid common mistakes .  

Determine why you are writing a business plan

Knowing why you are writing a business plan will determine your approach to your planning project. 

For example: If you are writing a business plan for yourself, or just to use inside your own business , you can probably skip the section about your team and organizational structure. 

If you’re raising money, you’ll want to spend more time explaining why you’re looking to raise the funds and exactly how you will use them.

Regardless of how you intend to use your business plan , think about why you are writing and what you’re trying to get out of the process before you begin.

Keep things concise

Probably the most important tip is to keep your business plan short and simple. There are no prizes for long business plans . The longer your plan is, the less likely people are to read it. 

So focus on trimming things down to the essentials your readers need to know. Skip the extended, wordy descriptions and instead focus on creating a plan that is easy to read —using bullets and short sentences whenever possible.

Have someone review your business plan

Writing a business plan in a vacuum is never a good idea. Sometimes it’s helpful to zoom out and check if your plan makes sense to someone else. You also want to make sure that it’s easy to read and understand.

Don’t wait until your plan is “done” to get a second look. Start sharing your plan early, and find out from readers what questions your plan leaves unanswered. This early review cycle will help you spot shortcomings in your plan and address them quickly, rather than finding out about them right before you present your plan to a lender or investor.

If you need a more detailed review, you may want to explore hiring a professional plan writer to thoroughly examine it.

Use a free business plan template and business plan examples to get started

Knowing what information to include in a business plan is sometimes not quite enough. If you’re struggling to get started or need additional guidance, it may be worth using a business plan template. 

There are plenty of great options available (we’ve rounded up our 8 favorites to streamline your search).

But, if you’re looking for a free downloadable business plan template , you can get one right now; download the template used by more than 1 million businesses. 

Or, if you just want to see what a completed business plan looks like, check out our library of over 550 free business plan examples . 

We even have a growing list of industry business planning guides with tips for what to focus on depending on your business type.

Common pitfalls and how to avoid them

It’s easy to make mistakes when you’re writing your business plan. Some entrepreneurs get sucked into the writing and research process, and don’t focus enough on actually getting their business started. 

Here are a few common mistakes and how to avoid them:

Not talking to your customers : This is one of the most common mistakes. It’s easy to assume that your product or service is something that people want. Before you invest too much in your business and too much in the planning process, make sure you talk to your prospective customers and have a good understanding of their needs.

  • Overly optimistic sales and profit forecasts: By nature, entrepreneurs are optimistic about the future. But it’s good to temper that optimism a little when you’re planning, and make sure your forecasts are grounded in reality. 
  • Spending too much time planning: Yes, planning is crucial. But you also need to get out and talk to customers, build prototypes of your product and figure out if there’s a market for your idea. Make sure to balance planning with building.
  • Not revising the plan: Planning is useful, but nothing ever goes exactly as planned. As you learn more about what’s working and what’s not—revise your plan, your budgets, and your revenue forecast. Doing so will provide a more realistic picture of where your business is going, and what your financial needs will be moving forward.
  • Not using the plan to manage your business: A good business plan is a management tool. Don’t just write it and put it on the shelf to collect dust – use it to track your progress and help you reach your goals.
  • Presenting your business plan

The planning process forces you to think through every aspect of your business and answer questions that you may not have thought of. That’s the real benefit of writing a business plan – the knowledge you gain about your business that you may not have been able to discover otherwise.

With all of this knowledge, you’re well prepared to convert your business plan into a pitch presentation to present your ideas. 

A pitch presentation is a summary of your plan, just hitting the highlights and key points. It’s the best way to present your business plan to investors and team members.

Dig Deeper: Learn what key slides should be included in your pitch deck

Use your business plan to manage your business

One of the biggest benefits of planning is that it gives you a tool to manage your business better. With a revenue forecast, expense budget, and projected cash flow, you know your targets and where you are headed.

And yet, nothing ever goes exactly as planned – it’s the nature of business.

That’s where using your plan as a management tool comes in. The key to leveraging it for your business is to review it periodically and compare your forecasts and projections to your actual results.

Start by setting up a regular time to review the plan – a monthly review is a good starting point. During this review, answer questions like:

  • Did you meet your sales goals?
  • Is spending following your budget?
  • Has anything gone differently than what you expected?

Now that you see whether you’re meeting your goals or are off track, you can make adjustments and set new targets. 

Maybe you’re exceeding your sales goals and should set new, more aggressive goals. In that case, maybe you should also explore more spending or hiring more employees. 

Or maybe expenses are rising faster than you projected. If that’s the case, you would need to look at where you can cut costs.

A plan, and a method for comparing your plan to your actual results , is the tool you need to steer your business toward success.

Learn More: How to run a regular plan review

Free business plan templates and examples

Kickstart your business plan writing with one of our free business plan templates or recommended tools.

business plan for buy and sell

Free business plan template

Download a free SBA-approved business plan template built for small businesses and startups.

Download Template

business plan for buy and sell

One-page plan template

Download a free one-page plan template to write a useful business plan in as little as 30-minutes.

business plan for buy and sell

Sample business plan library

Explore over 500 real-world business plan examples from a wide variety of industries.

View Sample Plans

How to write a business plan FAQ

What is a business plan?

A document that describes your business , the products and services you sell, and the customers that you sell to. It explains your business strategy, how you’re going to build and grow your business, what your marketing strategy is, and who your competitors are.

What are the benefits of a business plan?

A business plan helps you understand where you want to go with your business and what it will take to get there. It reduces your overall risk, helps you uncover your business’s potential, attracts investors, and identifies areas for growth.

Having a business plan ultimately makes you more confident as a business owner and more likely to succeed for a longer period of time.

What are the 7 steps of a business plan?

The seven steps to writing a business plan include:

  • Write a brief executive summary
  • Describe your products and services.
  • Conduct market research and compile data into a cohesive market analysis.
  • Describe your marketing and sales strategy.
  • Outline your organizational structure and management team.
  • Develop financial projections for sales, revenue, and cash flow.
  • Add any additional documents to your appendix.

What are the 5 most common business plan mistakes?

There are plenty of mistakes that can be made when writing a business plan. However, these are the 5 most common that you should do your best to avoid:

  • 1. Not taking the planning process seriously.
  • Having unrealistic financial projections or incomplete financial information.
  • Inconsistent information or simple mistakes.
  • Failing to establish a sound business model.
  • Not having a defined purpose for your business plan.

What questions should be answered in a business plan?

Writing a business plan is all about asking yourself questions about your business and being able to answer them through the planning process. You’ll likely be asking dozens and dozens of questions for each section of your plan.

However, these are the key questions you should ask and answer with your business plan:

  • How will your business make money?
  • Is there a need for your product or service?
  • Who are your customers?
  • How are you different from the competition?
  • How will you reach your customers?
  • How will you measure success?

How long should a business plan be?

The length of your business plan fully depends on what you intend to do with it. From the SBA and traditional lender point of view, a business plan needs to be whatever length necessary to fully explain your business. This means that you prove the viability of your business, show that you understand the market, and have a detailed strategy in place.

If you intend to use your business plan for internal management purposes, you don’t necessarily need a full 25-50 page business plan. Instead, you can start with a one-page plan to get all of the necessary information in place.

What are the different types of business plans?

While all business plans cover similar categories, the style and function fully depend on how you intend to use your plan. Here are a few common business plan types worth considering.

Traditional business plan: The tried-and-true traditional business plan is a formal document meant to be used when applying for funding or pitching to investors. This type of business plan follows the outline above and can be anywhere from 10-50 pages depending on the amount of detail included, the complexity of your business, and what you include in your appendix.

Business model canvas: The business model canvas is a one-page template designed to demystify the business planning process. It removes the need for a traditional, copy-heavy business plan, in favor of a single-page outline that can help you and outside parties better explore your business idea.

One-page business plan: This format is a simplified version of the traditional plan that focuses on the core aspects of your business. You’ll typically stick with bullet points and single sentences. It’s most useful for those exploring ideas, needing to validate their business model, or who need an internal plan to help them run and manage their business.

Lean Plan: The Lean Plan is less of a specific document type and more of a methodology. It takes the simplicity and styling of the one-page business plan and turns it into a process for you to continuously plan, test, review, refine, and take action based on performance. It’s faster, keeps your plan concise, and ensures that your plan is always up-to-date.

What’s the difference between a business plan and a strategic plan?

A business plan covers the “who” and “what” of your business. It explains what your business is doing right now and how it functions. The strategic plan explores long-term goals and explains “how” the business will get there. It encourages you to look more intently toward the future and how you will achieve your vision.

However, when approached correctly, your business plan can actually function as a strategic plan as well. If kept lean, you can define your business, outline strategic steps, and track ongoing operations all with a single plan.

Content Author: Noah Parsons

Noah is the COO at Palo Alto Software, makers of the online business plan app LivePlan. He started his career at Yahoo! and then helped start the user review site From there he started a software distribution business in the UK before coming to Palo Alto Software to run the marketing and product teams.

Check out LivePlan

Table of Contents

  • Use AI to help write your plan
  • Common planning mistakes
  • Manage with your business plan
  • Templates and examples

Related Articles

Bakery business owners look over their bakery business plan

7 Min. Read

How to Write a Bakery Business Plan + Sample

Overlapping files, folders, charts, graphs, and documents. Represents the information included in a business plan appendix.

3 Min. Read

What to Include in Your Business Plan Appendix

Female entrepreneur sitting at her desk doing manual calculations with a calculator trying to understand what her return on investment will be.

1 Min. Read

How to Calculate Return on Investment (ROI)

Owner of a life coaching business works on writing their business plan.

5 Min. Read

How To Write a Business Plan for a Life Coaching Business + Free Example

The Bplans Newsletter

The Bplans Weekly

Subscribe now for weekly advice and free downloadable resources to help start and grow your business.

We care about your privacy. See our privacy policy .

Garrett's Bike Shop

The quickest way to turn a business idea into a business plan

Fill-in-the-blanks and automatic financials make it easy.

No thanks, I prefer writing 40-page documents.

LivePlan pitch example

Discover the world’s #1 plan building software

business plan for buy and sell

  • REALTOR® Store

business plan for buy and sell

  • Fostering Consumer-Friendly Real Estate Marketplaces Local broker marketplaces ensure equity and transparency.  Close
  • Social Media
  • Sales Tips & Techniques
  • MLS & Online Listings
  • Starting Your Career
  • Being a Broker
  • Being an Agent
  • Condominiums
  • Smart Growth
  • Vacation, Resort, & 2nd Homes
  • FHA Programs
  • Home Inspections
  • Arbitration & Dispute Resolution
  • Fair Housing

Commercial Real Estate

  • All Membership Benefits
  • NAR REALTOR Benefits® Bringing you savings and unique offers on products and services just for REALTORS®. Close
  • Directories Complete listing of state and local associations, MLSs, members, and more. Close
  • Dues Information & Payment
  • Become a Member As a member, you are the voice for NAR – it is your association and it exists to help you succeed. Close
  • Logos and Trademark Rules Only members of NAR can call themselves a REALTOR®. Learn how to properly use the logo and terms. Close
  • Your Membership Account Review your membership preferences and Code of Ethics training status. Close

business plan for buy and sell

  • Highlights & News Get the latest top line research, news, and popular reports. Close
  • Housing Statistics National, regional, and metro-market level housing statistics where data is available. Close
  • Research Reports Research on a wide range of topics of interest to real estate practitioners. Close
  • Presentation Slides Access recent presentations from NAR economists and researchers. Close
  • State & Metro Area Data Affordability, economic, and buyer & seller profile data for areas in which you live and work. Close
  • Commercial Research Analysis of commercial market sectors and commercial-focused issues and trends. Close
  • Statistical News Release Schedule

business plan for buy and sell

  • Advocacy Issues & News
  • Federal Advocacy From its building located steps away from the U.S. Capitol, NAR advocates for you. Close
  • REALTORS® Political Action Committee (RPAC) Promoting the election of pro-REALTOR® candidates across the United States. Close
  • State & Local Advocacy Resources to foster and harness the grassroots strength of the REALTOR® Party. Close
  • REALTOR® Party A powerful alliance working to protect and promote homeownership and property investment. Close
  • Get Involved Now more than ever, it is critical for REALTORS® across America to come together and speak with one voice. Close

business plan for buy and sell

  • All Education & Professional Development
  • All NAR & Affiliate Courses Continuing education and specialty knowledge can help boost your salary and client base. Close
  • Code of Ethics Training Fulfill your COE training requirement with free courses for new and existing members. Close
  • Continuing Education (CE) Meet the continuing education (CE) requirement in state(s) where you hold a license. Close
  • Designations & Certifications Acknowledging experience and expertise in various real estate specialties, awarded by NAR and its affiliates. Close
  • Library & Archives Offering research services and thousands of print and digital resources. Close
  • Commitment to Excellence (C2EX) Empowers REALTORS® to evaluate, enhance and showcase their highest levels of professionalism. Close
  • NAR Academy at Columbia College Academic opportunities for certificates, associates, bachelor’s, and master’s degrees. Close

business plan for buy and sell

  • Latest News
  • NAR Newsroom Official news releases from NAR. Close
  • REALTOR® Magazine Advancing best practices, bringing insight to trends, and providing timely decision-making tools. Close
  • Blogs Commentary from NAR experts on technology, staging, placemaking, and real estate trends. Close
  • Newsletters Stay informed on the most important real estate business news and business specialty updates. Close
  • NAR NXT, The REALTOR® Experience
  • REALTORS® Legislative Meetings
  • AE Institute
  • Leadership Week
  • Sustainability Summit

business plan for buy and sell

  • Mission, Vision, and Diversity & Inclusion
  • Code of Ethics
  • Leadership & Staff National, state & local leadership, staff directories, leadership opportunities, and more. Close
  • Committee & Liaisons
  • History Founded as the National Association of Real Estate Exchanges in 1908. Close
  • Affiliated Organizations
  • Strategic Plan NAR’s operating values, long-term goals, and DEI strategic plan. Close
  • Governing Documents Code of Ethics, NAR's Constitution & Bylaws, and model bylaws for state & local associations. Close
  • Awards & Grants Member recognition and special funding, including the REALTORS® Relief Foundation. Close
  • NAR's Consumer Outreach

business plan for buy and sell

  • Find a Member
  • Browse All Directories
  • Find an Office
  • Find an Association
  • NAR Group and Team Directory
  • Committees and Directors
  • Association Executive
  • State & Local Volunteer Leader
  • Buyer's Rep
  • Senior Market
  • Short Sales & Foreclosures
  • Infographics
  • First-Time Buyer
  • Window to the Law
  • Next Up: Commercial
  • New AE Webinar & Video Series
  • Drive With NAR
  • Real Estate Today
  • The Advocacy Scoop
  • Center for REALTOR® Development
  • Leading with Diversity
  • Good Neighbor
  • NAR HR Solutions
  • Fostering Consumer-Friendly Real Estate Marketplaces Local broker marketplaces ensure equity and transparency. 
  • Marketing Social Media Sales Tips & Techniques MLS & Online Listings View More
  • Being a Real Estate Professional Starting Your Career Being a Broker Being an Agent View More
  • Residential Real Estate Condominiums Smart Growth Vacation, Resort, & 2nd Homes FHA Programs View More Home Inspections
  • Legal Arbitration & Dispute Resolution Fair Housing Copyright View More
  • Commercial Real Estate
  • Right Tools, Right Now
  • NAR REALTOR Benefits® Bringing you savings and unique offers on products and services just for REALTORS®.
  • Directories Complete listing of state and local associations, MLSs, members, and more.
  • Become a Member As a member, you are the voice for NAR – it is your association and it exists to help you succeed.
  • Logos and Trademark Rules Only members of NAR can call themselves a REALTOR®. Learn how to properly use the logo and terms.
  • Your Membership Account Review your membership preferences and Code of Ethics training status.
  • Highlights & News Get the latest top line research, news, and popular reports.
  • Housing Statistics National, regional, and metro-market level housing statistics where data is available.
  • Research Reports Research on a wide range of topics of interest to real estate practitioners.
  • Presentation Slides Access recent presentations from NAR economists and researchers.
  • State & Metro Area Data Affordability, economic, and buyer & seller profile data for areas in which you live and work.
  • Commercial Research Analysis of commercial market sectors and commercial-focused issues and trends.
  • Federal Advocacy From its building located steps away from the U.S. Capitol, NAR advocates for you.
  • REALTORS® Political Action Committee (RPAC) Promoting the election of pro-REALTOR® candidates across the United States.
  • State & Local Advocacy Resources to foster and harness the grassroots strength of the REALTOR® Party.
  • REALTOR® Party A powerful alliance working to protect and promote homeownership and property investment.
  • Get Involved Now more than ever, it is critical for REALTORS® across America to come together and speak with one voice.
  • All NAR & Affiliate Courses Continuing education and specialty knowledge can help boost your salary and client base.
  • Code of Ethics Training Fulfill your COE training requirement with free courses for new and existing members.
  • Continuing Education (CE) Meet the continuing education (CE) requirement in state(s) where you hold a license.
  • Designations & Certifications Acknowledging experience and expertise in various real estate specialties, awarded by NAR and its affiliates.
  • Library & Archives Offering research services and thousands of print and digital resources.
  • Commitment to Excellence (C2EX) Empowers REALTORS® to evaluate, enhance and showcase their highest levels of professionalism.
  • NAR Academy at Columbia College Academic opportunities for certificates, associates, bachelor’s, and master’s degrees.
  • NAR Newsroom Official news releases from NAR.
  • REALTOR® Magazine Advancing best practices, bringing insight to trends, and providing timely decision-making tools.
  • Blogs Commentary from NAR experts on technology, staging, placemaking, and real estate trends.
  • Newsletters Stay informed on the most important real estate business news and business specialty updates.
  • Leadership & Staff National, state & local leadership, staff directories, leadership opportunities, and more.
  • History Founded as the National Association of Real Estate Exchanges in 1908.
  • Strategic Plan NAR’s operating values, long-term goals, and DEI strategic plan.
  • Governing Documents Code of Ethics, NAR's Constitution & Bylaws, and model bylaws for state & local associations.
  • Awards & Grants Member recognition and special funding, including the REALTORS® Relief Foundation.
  • Top Directories Find a Member Browse All Directories Find an Office Find an Association NAR Group and Team Directory Committees and Directors
  • By Role Broker Association Executive New Member Student Appraiser State & Local Volunteer Leader
  • By Specialty Commercial Global Buyer's Rep Senior Market Short Sales & Foreclosures Land Green
  • Multimedia Infographics Videos Quizzes
  • Video Series First-Time Buyer Level Up Window to the Law Next Up: Commercial New AE Webinar & Video Series
  • Podcasts Drive With NAR Real Estate Today The Advocacy Scoop Center for REALTOR® Development
  • Programs Fair Housing Safety Leading with Diversity Good Neighbor NAR HR Solutions
  • Writing a Business Plan

Writing a business plan may seem a daunting task as there are so many moving parts and concepts to address. Take it one step at a time and be sure to schedule regular review (quarterly, semi-annually, or annually) of your plan to be sure you on are track to meet your goals.

Essential Components of a Real Estate Business Plan

Why Write a Business Plan?

Making a business plan creates the foundation for your business. It provides an easy-to-understand framework and allows you to navigate the unexpected.

Quick Takeaways

  • A good business plan not only creates a road map for your business, but helps you work through your goals and get them on paper
  • Business plans come in many formats and contain many sections, but even the most basic should include a mission and vision statement, marketing plans, and a proposed management structure
  • Business plans can help you get investors and new business partners

Source: Write Your Business Plan: United States Small Business Association

Writing a business plan is imperative to getting your business of the ground. While every plan is different – and most likely depends on the type and size of your business – there are some basic elements you don’t want to ignore.

Latest on this topic

Budget sheet and planner

NAR Library & Archives has already done the research for you. References (formerly Field Guides) offer links to articles, eBooks, websites, statistics, and more to provide a comprehensive overview of perspectives. EBSCO articles ( E ) are available only to NAR members and require the member's login.

Defining Your Mis​sion & Vision

Writing a business plan begins by defining your business’s mission and vision statement. Though creating such a statement may seem like fluff, it is an important exercise. The mission and vision statement sets the foundation upon which to launch your business. It is difficult to move forward successfully without first defining your business and the ideals under which your business operates. A company description should be included as a part of the mission and vision statement. Some questions you should ask yourself include: 

  • What type of real estate do you sell?
  • Where is your business located?
  • Who founded your business?
  • What sets your business apart from your competitors?

What is a Vision Statement ( Business News Daily , Jan. 16, 2024)

How to Write a Mission Statement ( The Balance , Jan. 2, 2020)

How to Write a Mission Statement ( Janel M. Radtke , 1998)

Using a SWOT Analysis to Structure Your Business Plan

Once you’ve created a mission and vision statement, the next step is to develop a SWOT analysis. SWOT stands for “Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats.” It is difficult to set goals for your business without first enumerating your business’s strengths and weaknesses, and the strengths and weaknesses of your competitors. Evaluate by using the following questions:

  • Do you offer superior customer service as compared with your competitors?
  • Do you specialize in a niche market? What experiences do you have that set you apart from your competitors?
  • What are your competitors’ strengths?
  • Where do you see the market already saturated, and where are there opportunities for expansion and growth?

Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, and Threat (SWOT) ( Investopedia , Oct. 30, 2023)

How to Conduct a SWOT Analysis for Your Small Business ( SCORE , Apr. 28, 2022)

SWOT Analysis Toolbox ( University of Washington )

Setting ​Business Goals

Next, translate your mission and vision into tangible goals. For instance, if your mission statement is to make every client feel like your most important client, think about the following:

  • How specifically will you implement this?
  • Do you want to grow your business?
  • Is this growth measured by gross revenue, profit, personnel, or physical office space?
  • How much growth do you aim for annually?
  • What specific targets will you strive to hit annually in the next few years?

Setting Business Goals & Objectives: 4 Considerations ( Harvard Business School , Oct. 31, 2023)

What are Business Goals? Definition, How To Set Business Goals and Examples ( Indeed , Jul. 31, 2023)

Establishing a Format

Most businesses either follow a traditional business plan format or a lean startup plan.

Traditional Business Plan

A traditional business plan is detailed and comprehensive. Writing this business plan takes more time. A traditional business plan typically contains the following elements:

  • Executive Summary
  • Company description
  • Market analysis
  • Organization and management
  • Service or product line
  • Marketing and sales
  • Funding request
  • Financial projections

Lean Startup Plan

A lean startup plan requires high-level focus but is easier to write, with an emphasis on key elements. A lean startup plan typically contains the following elements:

  • Key partnerships
  • Key activities
  • Key resources
  • Value proposition
  • Customer relationships
  • Customer segments
  • Cost structure
  • Revenue stream

Creating a Marketing Plan

You may wish to create a marketing plan as either a section of your business plan or as an addendum. The Marketing Mix concerns product , price , place and promotion .

  • What is your product?
  • How does your price distinguish you from your competitors—is it industry average, upper quartile, or lower quartile?
  • How does your pricing strategy benefit your clients?
  • How and where will you promote your services?
  • What types of promotions will you advertise?
  • Will you ask clients for referrals or use coupons?
  • Which channels will you use to place your marketing message?

Your Guide to Creating a Small Business Marketing Plan ( , Feb. 2, 2024)

10 Questions You Need to Answer to Create a Powerful Marketing Plan ( The Balance , Jan. 16, 2020)

Developing a Marketing Plan ( Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation )

Forming a Team

Ensuring the cooperation of all colleagues, supervisors, and supervisees involved in your plan is another important element to consider. Some questions to consider are:

  • Is your business plan’s success contingent upon the cooperation of your colleagues?
  • If so, what specifically do you need them to do?
  • How will you evaluate their participation?
  • Are they on-board with the role you have assigned them?
  • How will you get “buy in” from these individuals?

How to Build a Real Estate Team + 7 Critical Mistakes to Avoid ( The Close , May 17, 2023)

Don’t Start a Real Estate Team Without Asking Yourself These 8 Questions ( Homelight , Jan. 21, 2020)

Implementing a Business Plan and Reviewing Regularly

Implementation and follow-up are frequently overlooked aspects to the business plan, yet vital to the success of the plan. Set dates (annually, semi-annually, quarterly, or monthly) to review your business plans goals. Consider the following while reviewing:

  • Are you on track?
  • Are the goals reasonable to achieve, impossible, or too easy?
  • How do you measure success—is it by revenue, profit, or number of transactions?

And lastly, think about overall goals.

  • How do you plan to implement your business plan’s goals?
  • When will you review and refine your business plan goals?
  • What process will you use to review your goals?
  • What types of quantitative and qualitative data will you collect and use to measure your success?

These items are only a few sections of a business plan. Depending on your business, you may want to include additional sections in your plan such as a:

  • Cover letter stating the reasoning behind developing a business plan
  • Non-disclosure statement
  • Table of contents

How To Write a Business Proposal Letter (With Examples) ( Indeed , Jul. 18, 2023)

How To Implement Your Business Plan Objectives ( The Balance , Aug. 19, 2022)

The Bottom Line

Creating a business plan may seem daunting, but by understanding your business and market fully, you can create a plan that generates success (however you choose to define it).

Real Estate Business Plans – Samples, Instructional Guides, and Templates

9 Steps to Writing a Real Estate Business Plan + Templates ( The Close , Apr. 3, 2024)

How to Write a Real Estate Business Plan (+Free Template) ( Fit Small Business , Jun. 30, 2023)

The Ultimate Guide to Creating a Real Estate Business Plan + Free Template ( Placester )

Write Your Business Plan ( U.S. Small Business Administration )

General Business Plans – Samples, Instructional Guides, and Templates

Business Plan Template for a Startup Business ( SCORE , Apr. 23, 2024)

Guide to Creating a Business Plan with Template (Business News Daily, Mar. 28, 2024)

Nine Lessons These Entrepreneurs Wish They Knew Before Writing Their First Business Plans ( Forbes , Jul. 25, 2021)

How to Write a Business Plan 101 ( Entrepreneur , Feb. 22, 2021)

Books, eBooks & Other Resources

Ebooks & other resources.

The following eBooks and digital audiobooks are available to NAR members:

The Straightforward Business Plan (eBook)

Business Plan Checklist (eBook)

The SWOT Analysis (eBook)

The Business Plan Workbook (eBook)

Start-Up! A Beginner's Guide to Planning a 21st Century Business (eBook)

Complete Book of Business Plans (eBook)

How to Write a Business Plan (eBook)

The Easy Step by Step Guide to Writing a Business Plan and Making it Work (eBook)

Business Planning: 25 Keys to a Sound Business Plan (Audiobook)

Your First Business Plan, 5 th Edition (eBook)

Anatomy of a Business Plan (eBook)

Writing a Business Plan and Making it Work (Audiobook)

The Social Network Business Plan (eBook)

Books, Videos, Research Reports & More

As a member benefit, the following resources and more are available for loan through the NAR Library. Items will be mailed directly to you or made available for pickup at the REALTOR® Building in Chicago.

Writing an Effective Business Plan (Deloitte and Touche, 1999) HD 1375 D37w

Have an idea for a real estate topic? Send us your suggestions .

The inclusion of links on this page does not imply endorsement by the National Association of REALTORS®. NAR makes no representations about whether the content of any external sites which may be linked in this page complies with state or federal laws or regulations or with applicable NAR policies. These links are provided for your convenience only and you rely on them at your own risk.

  • Credit cards
  • View all credit cards
  • Banking guide
  • Loans guide
  • Insurance guide
  • Personal finance
  • View all personal finance
  • Small business
  • Small business guide
  • View all taxes

You’re our first priority. Every time.

We believe everyone should be able to make financial decisions with confidence. And while our site doesn’t feature every company or financial product available on the market, we’re proud that the guidance we offer, the information we provide and the tools we create are objective, independent, straightforward — and free.

So how do we make money? Our partners compensate us. This may influence which products we review and write about (and where those products appear on the site), but it in no way affects our recommendations or advice, which are grounded in thousands of hours of research. Our partners cannot pay us to guarantee favorable reviews of their products or services. Here is a list of our partners .

How to Buy a Business: Everything You Need to Know

Priyanka Prakash

Many or all of the products featured here are from our partners who compensate us. This influences which products we write about and where and how the product appears on a page. However, this does not influence our evaluations. Our opinions are our own. Here is a list of our partners and here's how we make money .

Buying a business is a big decision — but when you pull the trigger on buying an existing business, you get the opportunity to become an entrepreneur without starting a small business completely from scratch. Every year, more than 500,000 businesses change hands, and that number is expected to skyrocket in the next several years as millions of baby boomers begin retiring and selling their businesses.

Buying an existing business is so popular because it lets you skip past some of the pain points and costs of starting a new business. But the journey from finding a business for sale to closing the deal can be long and complicated.

Before you begin the journey of buying a business of your own, find out everything you need to know to avoid buyer’s remorse. Our buying an existing business checklist will give you a step-by-step guide. We'll also cover the pros and cons of buying a business when you’re still just thinking about the idea, and end with how to buy a business when you're ready to close the deal and get the keys.

business plan for buy and sell

Buying an existing business checklist

If you’re set on the idea of buying a business, then it’s crucial to make sure you pick the right business for you . The easiest way to set yourself up for success is buying a business that you’re passionate about improving and taking to the next level. But passion alone isn’t enough — experience and knowing which questions to ask when buying a business are also important when making your choice.

Here is your buying an existing business checklist:

1. Figure out what type of business you want to buy

Narrow down your passions, interests, skills and experience. You’ll be happier if you buy a small business that dovetails with what you already like and have some experience in.

For example, if you’ve been a line cook at a restaurant for several years, maybe you’ve decided you’d like to own your own restaurant. Or maybe you’ve been an employee for a long time at a company that’s now on the market. In that case, who better to buy the business than someone who knows it as intimately as you?

Although you might just want to buy a business for the financials alone — by its expected return on investment — it’s also important to align yourself with the business's immaterial goals. After all, the more knowledgeable and familiar you are with the business's model, products or services, customers, industry and trends, the more innovative and successful your new ideas will be.

How much do you need?

with Fundera by NerdWallet

We’ll start with a brief questionnaire to better understand the unique needs of your business.

Once we uncover your personalized matches, our team will consult you on the process moving forward.

2. Search for businesses that are for sale

There are plenty of ways to find the right business for sale that fits the criteria you’ve decided on. These include:

Online business marketplaces such as, the largest site of its kind with more than 45,000 active listings.

Craigslist ads.

Classified newspaper ads under the “Businesses for Sale” category.

Asking people in your network of small-business owners.

Going to meetups or industry conferences to ask other business professionals.

Working with a business broker.

Business brokers legally represent the seller, so you should be careful about conveying certain information to them (such as how far you’re willing to go in negotiations). However, a broker can help you understand what kind of business you want, prescreen businesses to cut out all the failing companies, keep negotiations civil and smart and help you with all the necessary paperwork. Brokers do earn a commission when a sale goes through, but it’s typically paid by the seller.

3. Understand why an existing business is up for sale

There are plenty of reasons a business owner might put their business up for sale, including something as simple as an innocuous lifestyle choice like retirement. Or, there might be a more worrisome reason, like a fundamental problem with the business. If you’re about to buy a business, you’ll want to know exactly why the businesses you're considering are no longer working for their current owners.

You should ask the current owners what challenges they've encountered, what they’ve done to try solving those problems and how those attempts fared. During every conversation with the current owner, you should ask yourself, “Do I have what it takes to meet these challenges with different or better solutions?”

Be on the lookout for:

A poorly conceptualized business plan (there’s just not a market for the product or service).

Competitors that are far ahead.

Existing business debts.

Location problems.

A brand issue.

Inventory difficulties (the cost of production is too high, low quality is losing the business customers, storage is difficult, there’s no supply and demand balance, etc.).

Bad equipment (it’s outdated and too expensive to upgrade).

Make sure you know as much as you can about the existing business's successes, failures, challenges and future opportunities. In addition to speaking with the owner about these concerns, also talk to existing customers, existing employees, locals in the area, neighboring businesses and so on. They’ll give you an honest view of how the business is doing, without the bias of the seller trying to convince you to buy.

4. Narrow in on a business that aligns with your budget, goals and resources

Until now, you might have been considering several different businesses, but now it's time to hone in on the best option. The best option is the business that aligns with your budget, goals and resources.

Calculating the ideal size, location, sales, staff and so on of your prospective business is an important step in your plan of buying a business, since it will give you a scale to keep in mind when you’re shopping around. Figure out how much you’d ideally want to change a business, and assess how much that will cost you.

Money isn’t the only thing you’ll be spending. Look at the time and energy commitments you’re planning to invest to make the business your own. Some managers prefer to be “on” at all times, in the weeds with their employees, while others prefer to delegate and, one day, own multiple businesses.

The amount of resources you’ll have to invest depends in large part on the people and processes already in place and on the experience you have in the industry. For example, if you’re buying a tech company but lack technical expertise, you’ll need to invest time learning the ropes or hiring people who have the experience.

5. Do your due diligence

Due diligence is the process of gathering as much information and intel as you can before buying a business, and it is a critical step in your journey to becoming a business owner. During this period, you should work with an accountant and lawyer to make sure you have all the information you need to move forward.

As the buyer, you’ll want to have a good accountant on your side to review the business's financials. It's also beneficial to have a good business attorney to represent you in negotiations and to help you understand how the transaction will be structured.

Before you can begin your due diligence, the seller will most likely ask for a signed confidentiality agreement or nondisclosure agreement. By signing, you agree not to disclose any confidential information about the business that’s uncovered during the due diligence process. This protects the seller in case you decide buying the business is not for you after reviewing all the documents.

There are many business documents, files, agreements and statements that you’ll want to collect and analyze, ideally with the help of a lawyer and accountant. Here are some of the must-have documents when doing due diligence in the process of considering whether to buy a business:

Business licenses and permits

First up is to make sure that the business you’re looking at has all the business licenses and permits it needs. If you’re buying a business, you want to make sure that the current owner hasn’t run afoul of any local business licensing laws. Businesses in certain industries, particularly highly regulated ones like food services and childcare, need a valid permit to stay open.

Organizational paperwork and certificate of good standing

If the business you’re buying is a sole proprietorship or partnership, there may not be official “founding” paperwork. However, a registered business entity, such as an LLC or corporation, will have organizational documents on file with the state. For an LLC, this is the articles of organization. For a corporation, this is the articles of incorporation.

The secretary of state in your state should also be able to produce a certificate of good standing for the business you’re interested in buying. This certifies that the business is approved to operate in the state.

Zoning laws

Check with your area’s local zoning laws to make sure that you're buying a business that isn’t violating any restrictions. While some localities allow mixed-use commercial and residential zoning, others have tight restrictions on where businesses can be located. This especially goes for businesses like bars and nightclubs that may not be desirable in a residential area.

Environmental regulations

Has this business been secretly dumping chemicals into the nearby reservoir or violating other environmental laws? Make sure the answer is a firm no before moving forward with buying the business. Double-check that this business abides by all of the area’s small business environmental regulations .

Letter of intent

As you move forward with buying a business, the seller issues a letter of intent, or LOI, to the buyer when both sides have agreed on a price point and about which business assets and liabilities will be included in the transaction. The price proposal, along with the terms and conditions of the business sale, should all be included in the seller’s LOI.

The LOI is an indication from the seller that they are serious about seeing the deal through to the end. Once you have it in hand, you can feel more comfortable forging ahead with the remainder of due diligence.

Contracts and leases

Half the fun of the decision to buy a business is all the stuff it comes with. Whether that means a lease for the location, equipment or something else, you’ll want to make sure the landlord is alright with transferring over these legal documents to your name. Otherwise, you’ll need to negotiate a new lease, which can significantly add to your expenses.

You’ll also want to review any outstanding agreements that the owner has with vendors or customers. This can be very revealing. For example, if your review indicates that 90% of the business's revenue comes from a single client, you’ll want to think twice before buying. If that client parts ways with the business, it could put a serious dent in the business's potential.

Business financials

Before buying a business, make sure to examine its past few years of financials, including:

Tax returns.

Balance sheets.

Cash flow statements.

Sales records and accounts receivable.

Accounts payable.

Debt disclosures.

Advertising costs.

Double-check that the tax returns and financial statements have passed an audit by a certified public accountant; don’t accept those financials from the sellers themselves.

Use the business's financials as an opportunity to analyze its income stream. The business you purchase doesn’t necessarily have to be profitable yet (particularly if it’s a young business), but there should be a clear path to profitability.

Be in the know on whether the business's debts and liabilities will be included in the transaction or not, and be wary of taking these on. For example, if some of the outstanding receivables the ex-owner was dealing with are too old — 90 days or more, for example — then they’ll be pretty tough for you to collect on. You might be better off asking the seller to insure them or contact the customers themselves.

Organizational chart

If you buy a business with employees, make sure you understand how they rank and relate to one another by asking for a business organizational chart. This should also include compensation data, management practices and processes, benefit plans, insurance and vacation policies.

Status of inventory, equipment, furniture and building

Make sure to critically analyze these aspects of the businesses, since their values will directly impact the cost of the business. You’ll want to check:

What’s on hand.

Its quality.

How sellable it is, both in terms of market viability and its condition.

How fast and for how much each type of inventory has sold in the past.

The present condition of equipment and furniture versus its original selling price.

Whether it was maintained well or needs repairs.

Whether the furniture will be useful to you or if you’ll need to replace it to be operational or for aesthetic reasons.

If you’ll need to make larger modifications to the building.

And other similar questions.

Sites like can be used to look up equipment and obtain price estimates.

Other important documents

This list of documents will tell you a lot of information about the business, but there’s probably more you’ll want to examine. Your attorney or accountant should be able to identify additional documents specific to the business you’re interested in.

For example, ask the seller for property documents, equipment/asset listing, brand assets for advertising materials, an account of intellectual property assets, business insurance coverage, employee policies and contracts, incorporation information and customer lists.

Once due diligence comes to a close, you’ll need to make your final decision about whether buying the business is right for you. If you decide to go ahead, the sales agreement is what ties it all together.

The agreement will enumerate the final purchase price and everything you’re purchasing, including:

Tangible assets (inventory, equipment, furniture, building).

Intangible assets (goodwill, brand value, etc.).

Intellectual property (patents, copyrights, etc.).

Customer lists.

Have a lawyer help you put this document together or, at the very least, review it carefully before you sign.

6. Evaluate the price of the business with the earnings, assets or market approach

This is where many deals fall apart because buyers and sellers often place very different values on the same business, and several factors affect a business's value.

Buyers and sellers usually use some kind of pricing model to get a ballpark number and frame negotiations. During this process, it can be very helpful to call in an independent business valuation professional to make an objective determination of value. Valuation services, which can be found online or through word of mouth, cost around $3,000 to $5,000, but they can save you thousands more in the long run by coming up with a good estimate.

Whether you do this yourself or hire someone, it’s helpful to have some knowledge of different business valuation method s. To get some insight, we spoke with Mike Bilby, CPA and certified valuation analyst, at Concannon Miller.

Bilby said small businesses should understand three main approaches to valuing an existing company when they're considering how to buy a business:

Earnings approach

Best used for : buying existing businesses that are already turning a profit or have a positive forecast of earnings.

The earnings approach values a business based on its historical, current, and projected profits. Specific methods you may come across that fall into this approach include the capitalized earnings method and discounted cash flow method.

For businesses with a history of fairly stable profits, that history can be used to anticipate future earnings and value the business. Even if a business hasn’t generated a profit yet, earnings models can be used to predict how much the business might earn in the future. The disadvantage of the earnings approach is that it relies on a prediction of future earnings, which may not be accurate.

Assets approach

Best used for : buying capital-intensive businesses, such as manufacturing and transportation businesses, and businesses that aren’t profitable yet.

The assets approach measures the value of a business's tangible and intangible assets minus debts and liabilities. Tangible assets include things like equipment and real estate, and intangible assets include things like patents, trademarks and software. The assets approach considers the current fair-market value of the business's assets but also the future return on investment that the owner could get from those assets.

Market approach

Best used for : accounting for local factors or confirming a price that you arrived at based on one of the other two approaches.

The market approach measures the value of a business based on how much comparable businesses have sold for. It’s a good way to get a ballpark range for a business's value and to account for local factors that the other approaches may miss, such as the business's location in a particular neighborhood.

It might be confusing to get all these approaches straight in your head, but the point of all of them is to assess the current financial health of the business, as well as its growth potential. In reality, Bilby says, none of these methods exists in isolation. All three of these approaches can be used to arrive at a fair price for a business, and the final price will always be the one that both the buyer and the seller agree on.

7. Secure capital to make the purchase

Once you and seller agree on a number, the next step in buying a business is to get the money. There are a few different ways you can gather the capital you’ll need to purchase a business — some specific to buying an existing business, others pretty standard.

Here are some of the ways to finance a business acquisition:

Use personal or family money

If you’re able to cover the costs of buying an existing business, that’s always an option. This is more likely if you're buying a small business rather than a chain. Of course, you’ll want to consult your accountant before ponying up a large lump sum of your own cash. Also, make sure that you’re not using all your money buying a business because running a business takes capital, too.

Many businesses are also funded with money borrowed from family. If you go this route, you should understand the tax implications for gifts and family loans. Make sure that you and your family member put the exchange of money in writing and follow IRS rules for family loans.

Seller financing

Some sellers will agree to holding a note, or accepting staggered payments — sort of like a lender. This way, they get guaranteed income for the coming months (or years, depending on your plan).

There are rules around seller financing, particularly if you plan to use another form of debt financing as well. For example, sellers have to be on “standby” if you’re also getting an SBA loan, meaning they have to agree that they won’t be paid back until you pay off the SBA loan.

Some sellers might also be willing to trade in some assets, like some furniture they really loved or the company car, for a lower price.

By turning to a partnership instead of buying a business solo, you can divide the payments you’ll be making while still owning that company.

Taking on a partner when buying a business isn’t only useful to cut costs, though: You can also bring someone on board with more specific experience or a different skill set. Just don’t forget to draw up a partnership agreement, so co-ownership doesn’t cause any problems down the line.

Sell stock to employees

By selling company stock to your employees, you can get a big discount — making up 50% or even 90% of the business price by some measures. You’ll probably want to sell non-voting stock, if possible, to retain ownership over the business. In order to issue stock, you’ll have to organize the business (or re-organize it) as an S corporation or C corporation.

Start by leasing the business

It might be possible for you to lease the business instead of buying it outright — with the option to make the big purchase down the road once you’re able to afford it.

Understandably, not all sellers will be open to this option, since they more likely than not want to wash their hands and walk away from the sale. However, if leasing is something you’d be more comfortable with — even though it may cost more money in the long run — you might as well ask.

Debt financing

Buying a business will give you tons of documents to approach a bank or alternative lender with for financing: financial histories, tax returns, employee records, cash flow analyses, inventory and equipment valuations, and much more. This wealth of data makes business acquisitions a good candidate for loans because lenders aren’t working with a risky blank slate.

If you’re looking for a small-business loan , here are a few potential financing options that might help in buying a business:

Asset-based financing.

Getting a business acquisition loan is typically easier because the lender has a history to assess. But just like with any business loan, lenders will scrutinize all of the following:

Borrower’s personal credit score.

Business credit report and score.

Annual revenue.

Time in operation.

Balance sheet.

Outstanding debts.

For term loans and SBA loans for when you buy a business, banks typically require buyers to put down a 20% to 25% down payment on acquisition loans. However, the SBA recently made some changes that make it easier for buyers to obtain SBA 7(a) loans for buying a business. Now, the SBA requires the buyer to put down just 10%, and only half of that (5%) has to come from the buyer's own cash. The rest can come in the form of a seller's note as long as the seller agrees to be on full standby — meaning that the seller won't be paid back on their note until after the bank is paid.

When getting a business acquisition loan to help with buying a business, you’ll also have to provide a formal business valuation (like we discussed before), explain your relevant experience, offer an updated business plan, and show financial projections for the business under your command. In short, you’ll want to tell a story of how you'll improve the business.

» MORE: Compare the best business acquisition loans

8. Close the deal with the appropriate documents

The last step in our buying an existing business checklist is to close the deal.

When you’ve finally found the right business, done your due diligence, agreed on a fair price and gathered the capital you need, make sure you (or a broker) have all of these documents, notes and agreements in place before you officially buy a business:

Bill of sale

When buying an existing business, this document will prove the actual sale of the business, officially transferring ownership of the business's assets from the seller to you.

Adjusted purchase price

This is the final count of the cost of your purchase, including all prorated expenses—like rent, utilities, and inventory.

If you’re taking over the business's lease, make sure your future landlord is in the know. On the other hand, if you’re negotiating a new lease, double-check that everyone understands its terms.

Vehicle documentation

Does the business you're buying come with any vehicles? If so, you might have to transfer ownership with the local DMV — make sure to get the right forms completed by the time of sale.

Patents, trademarks and copyrights

Similarly, when buying an existing business, all patents, trademarks, and copyrights might require certain forms to get transferred to you, the new owner.

Franchise paperwork

Check the SBA’s Consumer Guide to Buying a Franchise to see if you’ll need to file any franchise documents.

Non-compete agreement

It’s standard practice — and generally a good idea — to ask for a non-compete from the former owner. This way, the previous owner won’t set up a competing shop right across the street.

Consultation/employment agreement

This document should be drafted in the case that the seller is staying on as an employee. Make sure to file this agreement if so.

Asset acquisition statement

The IRS Form 8594 will list the assets you’ve acquired, and for how much. This document is pretty important in the "buying an existing business" checklist for your tax returns, so don’t forget it.

Bulk sale laws

Bulk sale laws have to do with the sale of business inventory and are designed to prevent business owners from evading creditors by transferring ownership of the business to someone else. To comply, prospective buyers usually have to notify the local tax or financial authority about the pending sale.

And that's everything you need to know about how to buy a small business. But knowing how to do it is one thing, knowing why you're doing it is another. So let's talk about reasons for buying a business.


Start Your Dream Business

Reasons to buy a business

Buying a business is kind of like being in the market for a home. Although some people like the history and character that comes with an older home, others don’t want the baggage that can saddle an older home and prefer something turnkey. Similarly, there are plenty of advantages when you buy a business that’s already been around for a while, but there are drawbacks, as well.

Pros of buying a business

Proven business concept.

When launching a brand-new business, the bulk of your time will be spent on the planning phase. You’ll have to write a business plan and figure out how to turn that plan into a reality.

But when you buy a business that's already up and running, you’ll typically have all of this in place:

A building or office space.

Inventory and equipment.

An established brand and business brand identity (whether or not you want to change it, people know it).

Customer base.

Vendor and supplier base, plus manufacturing resources.

Existing employees who can share their knowledge and expertise.

Management processes and policies.

An understanding of your competition and market.

Granted, each of these things may not be in great condition, and the business might not be turning a profit yet. However, buying an existing business means it has some structure already in place, which will save you time upfront, letting you quickly see what you need to zero in on. Particularly if you’re testing a new market or entering an industry that you don’t have much experience in, zipping past the difficult startup phase can be a huge advantage.

Lower operating costs

One of the major benefits of buying a business is that the operating costs are lower. For example, startup costs for a brand-new restaurant can run upward of $450,000 for initial supplies, food and beverage, signage and a customized kitchen design. With an existing business, your initial operating costs are lower because — unless your acquisition is pretty atypical — many parts of the business are already in place and ready to go once you’re at the helm.

You don’t need to spend as much of your budget on hiring employees, developing marketing strategies or building a customer base because those come with the transaction. Instead, you can pour more cash into expanding the business and adapting it to your vision.

Easier to obtain financing

While the move to buy a business isn’t always a safe bet, lenders and investors see it as lower-risk than launching a new company. This is because there’s a history of financial performance that a lender or investor can use to gauge how the business has performed to date and to predict future performance. Plus, there’s also existing data around the company’s market position, competitors, brand recognition and customer base.

All this makes investors more likely to invest in the business and can make lenders more comfortable in giving you a business acquisition loan. The current owners can even participate in financing the transfer of ownership by giving you a loan.

Intellectual property is on the table

If your business-to-be has patented their products or has a copyrighted slogan or trademarked logo that wins over customers, then that intellectual property value will probably transfer over to you in the acquisition. That means when you buy a business, you sometimes buy more than what the eye can see.

This isn’t on the table with every business acquisition, but it could be critical if you’re dealing with something that you think could be expanded even more. What if you turned this small business into a national franchise? All of a sudden, that patent and copyright becomes a lot more valuable. Patents, copyrights and trademarks are often included in sales of software companies, tech businesses and creative businesses (e.g., music, design and art).

Cons of buying a business

Higher upfront purchasing costs.

By buying an existing business, you’ll be able to save money on operating costs, such as inventory and equipment. However, you’ll probably face some pretty sizable purchasing costs. In fact, those purchasing costs might be greater than what it would take you to start a new business.

That’s because, in addition to the obvious assets, you’re also buying ownership over the following:

Built-out brand.

Design work, from logo to store interior.

Business concept and plan.

Time, effort, and money spent testing out products.

Refined processes, procedures and policies.

Income stream (if the business is already profitable).

Assets and equipment.

Intellectual property, such as copyrights, patents and trademarks.

All of these items will be the subject of negotiations between the buyer and seller and factor into the final purchase price when buying an existing business.

Unfamiliarity with the details

If you’re buying a business you didn't start, you’ll understandably be a bit less familiar with its inner workings and the details of its products, processes, employees and financials than if you built the business yourself. This could be a bit of an obstacle, especially when you’re just starting out. This is especially true if you are entering an industry that you lack experience in. You’ll need to spend a lot of time learning the ropes, and prepare for the learning curve to be steep.

Risk of a hidden problem

As a prospective business buyer, you’ll go through a fairly intensive due diligence process, where you’ll gather information about the business and the current owner. But no matter how much information you uncover, you always run the risk of taking on an issue that you’re not aware of or that’s worse than it appeared. For example, equipment could be damaged, or the brand might have a bad reputation. Once you buy a business, you buy those issues, like it or not.

On a similar note...

One blue credit card on a flat surface with coins on both sides.

Simple Business Plan Template (2024)

Krista Fabregas

Updated: May 4, 2024, 4:37pm

Simple Business Plan Template (2024)

Table of Contents

Why business plans are vital, get your free simple business plan template, how to write an effective business plan in 6 steps, frequently asked questions.

While taking many forms and serving many purposes, they all have one thing in common: business plans help you establish your goals and define the means for achieving them. Our simple business plan template covers everything you need to consider when launching a side gig, solo operation or small business. By following this step-by-step process, you might even uncover a few alternate routes to success.

Featured Partners


$0 + State Fees

Varies By State & Package


On ZenBusiness' Website


On LegalZoom's Website

Northwest Registered Agent

$39 + State Fees

Northwest Registered Agent

On Northwest Registered Agent's Website

Whether you’re a first-time solopreneur or a seasoned business owner, the planning process challenges you to examine the costs and tasks involved in bringing a product or service to market. The process can also help you spot new income opportunities and hone in on the most profitable business models.

Though vital, business planning doesn’t have to be a chore. Business plans for lean startups and solopreneurs can simply outline the business concept, sales proposition, target customers and sketch out a plan of action to bring the product or service to market. However, if you’re seeking startup funding or partnership opportunities, you’ll need a write a business plan that details market research, operating costs and revenue forecasting. Whichever startup category you fall into, if you’re at square one, our simple business plan template will point you down the right path.

Copy our free simple business plan template so you can fill in the blanks as we explore each element of your business plan. Need help getting your ideas flowing? You’ll also find several startup scenario examples below.

Download free template as .docx

Whether you need a quick-launch overview or an in-depth plan for investors, any business plan should cover the six key elements outlined in our free template and explained below. The main difference in starting a small business versus an investor-funded business is the market research and operational and financial details needed to support the concept.

1. Your Mission or Vision

Start by declaring a “dream statement” for your business. You can call this your executive summary, vision statement or mission. Whatever the name, the first part of your business plan summarizes your idea by answering five questions. Keep it brief, such as an elevator pitch. You’ll expand these answers in the following sections of the simple business plan template.

  • What does your business do? Are you selling products, services, information or a combination?
  • Where does this happen? Will you conduct business online, in-store, via mobile means or in a specific location or environment?
  • Who does your business benefit? Who is your target market and ideal customer for your concept?
  • Why would potential customers care? What would make your ideal customers take notice of your business?
  • How do your products and/or services outshine the competition? What would make your ideal customers choose you over a competitor?

These answers come easily if you have a solid concept for your business, but don’t worry if you get stuck. Use the rest of your plan template to brainstorm ideas and tactics. You’ll quickly find these answers and possibly new directions as you explore your ideas and options.

2. Offer and Value Proposition

This is where you detail your offer, such as selling products, providing services or both, and why anyone would care. That’s the value proposition. Specifically, you’ll expand on your answers to the first and fourth bullets from your mission/vision.

As you complete this section, you might find that exploring value propositions uncovers marketable business opportunities that you hadn’t yet considered. So spend some time brainstorming the possibilities in this section.

For example, a cottage baker startup specializing in gluten-free or keto-friendly products might be a value proposition that certain audiences care deeply about. Plus, you could expand on that value proposition by offering wedding and other special-occasion cakes that incorporate gluten-free, keto-friendly and traditional cake elements that all guests can enjoy.

business plan for buy and sell

3. Audience and Ideal Customer

Here is where you explore bullet point number three, who your business will benefit. Identifying your ideal customer and exploring a broader audience for your goods or services is essential in defining your sales and marketing strategies, plus it helps fine-tune what you offer.

There are many ways to research potential audiences, but a shortcut is to simply identify a problem that people have that your product or service can solve. If you start from the position of being a problem solver, it’s easy to define your audience and describe the wants and needs of your ideal customer for marketing efforts.

Using the cottage baker startup example, a problem people might have is finding fresh-baked gluten-free or keto-friendly sweets. Examining the wants and needs of these people might reveal a target audience that is health-conscious or possibly dealing with health issues and willing to spend more for hard-to-find items.

However, it’s essential to have a customer base that can support your business. You can be too specialized. For example, our baker startup can attract a broader audience and boost revenue by offering a wider selection of traditional baked goods alongside its gluten-free and keto-focused specialties.

4. Revenue Streams, Sales Channels and Marketing

Thanks to our internet-driven economy, startups have many revenue opportunities and can connect with target audiences through various channels. Revenue streams and sales channels also serve as marketing vehicles, so you can cover all three in this section.

Revenue Streams

Revenue streams are the many ways you can make money in your business. In your plan template, list how you’ll make money upon launch, plus include ideas for future expansion. The income possibilities just might surprise you.

For example, our cottage baker startup might consider these revenue streams:

  • Product sales : Online, pop-up shops , wholesale and (future) in-store sales
  • Affiliate income : Monetize blog and social media posts with affiliate links
  • Advertising income : Reserve website space for advertising
  • E-book sales : (future) Publish recipe e-books targeting gluten-free and keto-friendly dessert niches
  • Video income : (future) Monetize a YouTube channel featuring how-to videos for the gluten-free and keto-friendly dessert niches
  • Webinars and online classes : (future) Monetize coaching-style webinars and online classes covering specialty baking tips and techniques
  • Members-only content : (future) Monetize a members-only section of the website for specialty content to complement webinars and online classes
  • Franchise : (future) Monetize a specialty cottage bakery concept and sell to franchise entrepreneurs

Sales Channels

Sales channels put your revenue streams into action. This section also answers the “where will this happen” question in the second bullet of your vision.

The product sales channels for our cottage bakery example can include:

  • Mobile point-of-sale (POS) : A mobile platform such as Shopify or Square POS for managing in-person sales at local farmers’ markets, fairs and festivals
  • E-commerce platform : An online store such as Shopify, Square or WooCommerce for online retail sales and wholesale sales orders
  • Social media channels : Facebook, Instagram and Pinterest shoppable posts and pins for online sales via social media channels
  • Brick-and-mortar location : For in-store sales , once the business has grown to a point that it can support a physical location

Channels that support other income streams might include:

  • Affiliate income : Blog section on the e-commerce website and affiliate partner accounts
  • Advertising income : Reserved advertising spaces on the e-commerce website
  • E-book sales : Amazon e-book sales via Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing
  • Video income : YouTube channel with ad monetization
  • Webinars and online classes : Online class and webinar platforms that support member accounts, recordings and playback
  • Members-only content : Password-protected website content using membership apps such as MemberPress

Nowadays, the line between marketing and sales channels is blurred. Social media outlets, e-books, websites, blogs and videos serve as both marketing tools and income opportunities. Since most are free and those with advertising options are extremely economical, these are ideal marketing outlets for lean startups.

However, many businesses still find value in traditional advertising such as local radio, television, direct mail, newspapers and magazines. You can include these advertising costs in your simple business plan template to help build a marketing plan and budget.

business plan for buy and sell

5. Structure, Suppliers and Operations

This section of your simple business plan template explores how to structure and operate your business. Details include the type of business organization your startup will take, roles and responsibilities, supplier logistics and day-to-day operations. Also, include any certifications or permits needed to launch your enterprise in this section.

Our cottage baker example might use a structure and startup plan such as this:

  • Business structure : Sole proprietorship with a “doing business as” (DBA) .
  • Permits and certifications : County-issued food handling permit and state cottage food certification for home-based food production. Option, check into certified commercial kitchen rentals.
  • Roles and responsibilities : Solopreneur, all roles and responsibilities with the owner.
  • Supply chain : Bulk ingredients and food packaging via Sam’s Club, Costco, Amazon Prime with annual membership costs. Uline for shipping supplies; no membership needed.
  • Day-to-day operations : Source ingredients and bake three days per week to fulfill local and online orders. Reserve time for specialty sales, wholesale partner orders and market events as needed. Ship online orders on alternating days. Update website and create marketing and affiliate blog posts on non-shipping days.

Start A Limited Liability Company Online Today with ZenBusiness

Click to get started.

6. Financial Forecasts

Your final task is to list forecasted business startup and ongoing costs and profit projections in your simple business plan template. Thanks to free business tools such as Square and free marketing on social media, lean startups can launch with few upfront costs. In many cases, cost of goods, shipping and packaging, business permits and printing for business cards are your only out-of-pocket expenses.

Cost Forecast

Our cottage baker’s forecasted lean startup costs might include:

Gross Profit Projections

This helps you determine the retail prices and sales volume required to keep your business running and, hopefully, earn income for yourself. Use product research to spot target retail prices for your goods, then subtract your cost of goods, such as hourly rate, raw goods and supplier costs. The total amount is your gross profit per item or service.

Here are some examples of projected gross profits for our cottage baker:

Bottom Line

Putting careful thought and detail in a business plan is always beneficial, but don’t get so bogged down in planning that you never hit the start button to launch your business . Also, remember that business plans aren’t set in stone. Markets, audiences and technologies change, and so will your goals and means of achieving them. Think of your business plan as a living document and regularly revisit, expand and restructure it as market opportunities and business growth demand.

Is there a template for a business plan?

You can copy our free business plan template and fill in the blanks or customize it in Google Docs, Microsoft Word or another word processing app. This free business plan template includes the six key elements that any entrepreneur needs to consider when launching a new business.

What does a simple business plan include?

A simple business plan is a one- to two-page overview covering six key elements that any budding entrepreneur needs to consider when launching a startup. These include your vision or mission, product or service offering, target audience, revenue streams and sales channels, structure and operations, and financial forecasts.

How can I create a free business plan template?

Start with our free business plan template that covers the six essential elements of a startup. Once downloaded, you can edit this document in Google Docs or another word processing app and add new sections or subsections to your plan template to meet your specific business plan needs.

What basic items should be included in a business plan?

When writing out a business plan, you want to make sure that you cover everything related to your concept for the business,  an analysis of the industry―including potential customers and an overview of the market for your goods or services―how you plan to execute your vision for the business, how you plan to grow the business if it becomes successful and all financial data around the business, including current cash on hand, potential investors and budget plans for the next few years.

  • Best LLC Services
  • Best Registered Agent Services
  • Best Trademark Registration Services
  • Top LegalZoom Competitors
  • Best Business Loans
  • Best Business Plan Software
  • ZenBusiness Review
  • LegalZoom LLC Review
  • Northwest Registered Agent Review
  • Rocket Lawyer Review
  • Inc. Authority Review
  • Rocket Lawyer vs. LegalZoom
  • Bizee Review (Formerly Incfile)
  • Swyft Filings Review
  • Harbor Compliance Review
  • Sole Proprietorship vs. LLC
  • LLC vs. Corporation
  • LLC vs. S Corp
  • LLP vs. LLC
  • DBA vs. LLC
  • LegalZoom vs. Incfile
  • LegalZoom vs. ZenBusiness
  • LegalZoom vs. Rocket Lawyer
  • ZenBusiness vs. Incfile
  • How To Start A Business
  • How to Set Up an LLC
  • How to Get a Business License
  • LLC Operating Agreement Template
  • 501(c)(3) Application Guide
  • What is a Business License?
  • What is an LLC?
  • What is an S Corp?
  • What is a C Corp?
  • What is a DBA?
  • What is a Sole Proprietorship?
  • What is a Registered Agent?
  • How to Dissolve an LLC
  • How to File a DBA
  • What Are Articles Of Incorporation?
  • Types Of Business Ownership

Next Up In Company Formation

  • Best Online Legal Services
  • How To Write A Business Plan
  • Member-Managed LLC Vs. Manager-Managed LLC
  • Starting An S-Corp
  • LLC Vs. C-Corp
  • How Much Does It Cost To Start An LLC?

How To Make Money On Social Media in 2024

How To Make Money On Social Media in 2024

Jennifer Simonson

15 Ways to Advertise Your Business in 2024

Laura Hennigan

What Is a Proxy Server?

Tim Keary

How To Get A Business License In North Dakota (2024)

Jacqueline Nguyen, Esq.

How To Write An Effective Business Proposal


Best New Hampshire Registered Agent Services Of 2024

Natalie Cusson

Krista Fabregas is a seasoned eCommerce and online content pro sharing more than 20 years of hands-on know-how with those looking to launch and grow tech-forward businesses. Her expertise includes eCommerce startups and growth, SMB operations and logistics, website platforms, payment systems, side-gig and affiliate income, and multichannel marketing. Krista holds a bachelor's degree in English from The University of Texas at Austin and held senior positions at NASA, a Fortune 100 company, and several online startups.

  • Search Search Please fill out this field.
  • Business Essentials

Buy-Sell Agreement Definition, Types, Key Considerations

business plan for buy and sell

What Is a Buy and Sell Agreement?

A buy and sell agreement (or buy-sell agreement) is a legally binding contract that stipulates how a partner's share of a business may be reassigned if that partner dies or otherwise leaves the business. Most often, the buy and sell agreement stipulates that the available share be sold to the remaining partners or to the partnership. Buy-sell agreements often use life insurance policies to fund the potential buyout in the event of a partner's death.

A buy and sell agreement may also be called a buyout agreement, a business will, or a business prenup.

Key Takeaways

  • Buy and sell agreements stipulate how a partner's share of a business may be transferred in the event of the partner's death or departure.
  • Buy and sell agreements may also establish a method for determining the value of a business.
  • The most common buy and sell agreements are cross-purchase, and entity-purchase (redemption); some agreements will combine the two.
  • Cross-purchase agreements allow remaining owners to buy the interests of a deceased or selling owner.
  • Redemption agreements require the business entity to buy the interests of the selling owner.

How a Buy and Sell Agreement Works

Buy and sell agreements are commonly used by sole proprietorships, partnerships, and closed corporations in an attempt to smooth transitions in ownership when a partner dies, retires, or decides to exit the business.

The buy and sell agreement requires that the business share be sold to the company or the remaining members of the business according to a predetermined formula. In the case of the death of a partner, the estate must agree to sell. To fund the purchase of the shares by the surviving partners, life insurance policies are taken out reciprocally by each partner on the lives of the others, which can be paid for by the company as a business expense, where the partners are the named beneficiaries.

Upon the death of a partner, the life insurance death benefit will be paid out to the remaining partners, who will use the funds to purchase the deceased's shares from their estate, ensuring continuity of the business and its ownership structure. Having a buy-sell agreement avoids costly battles for control with surviving spouses or children and having to use probate court.

Types of Buy-Sell Agreements

There are two common forms of buy-sell agreements:

  • In a cross-purchase agreement , the remaining owners or partners purchase the share of the business that is for sale.
  • In an entity-purchase agreement (also known as a redemption agreement), the business entity itself buys the deceased's share of the business.

Some partners also opt for a mix of the two, with some portions available for purchase by individual partners and the remainder bought by the partnership.

A wait-and-see agreement combines elements from each of these two, where neither the partners nor the entity is explicitly named. At the time when it becomes necessary, the agreement will become either one or the other depending on what's best for business continuity.

When a sole proprietor dies, a key employee  may be designated as the buyer or successor.

Partners should work with both an attorney and a certified public accountant when crafting a buy and sell agreement, along with a life insurance professional.

Key Considerations in Buy-Sell Agreements

Buy and sell agreements are designed to help partners manage potentially difficult situations in ways that protect the business and their own personal and family interests.

For example, the agreement can restrict owners from selling their interests to outside investors without approval from the remaining owners. Similar protection can be provided in the event of a partner's death.

A typical agreement might stipulate that a deceased partner's interest be sold back to the business or remaining owners. This prevents the estate from selling the interest to an outsider.

In addition to controlling ownership of the business, buy and sell agreements spell out the means to be used in assessing the value of a partner's share. This can have uses outside the question of buying and selling shares. For example, if there is a dispute among owners about the value of the company or of a partner's interest, the valuation methods included in the buy and sell agreement would be used.

Buy-Sell Agreement Templates

There are several online resources that offer low-cost or free templates for drawing up a buy-sell agreement. which can be especially useful for new or small companies. As your business grows or if it has a large number of partners from the onset, it is better to have a lawyer draft the document.

How Do You Establish a Buy and Sell Agreement?

A buy-sell agreement—also known as a shotgun clause —is a contract that sets out how a partner's shares will be obtained by the remaining partners or owners of a firm in case of their death or departure. This is usually done with the aid of a knowledgeable attorney.

In order to ensure that funds are available, partners in business commonly purchase life insurance policies on the other partners. In the event of a death, the proceeds from the policy will be used towards the purchase of the deceased's business interest. This part of the agreement should be done through a life insurance agent with experience in this type of agreement.

What Should Be Included in a Buy and Sell Agreement?

The following pieces of information should be spelled out in a buy and sell agreement:

  • a list of triggering buyout events, including death, permanent disability, bankruptcy or retirement, etc.
  • a list of partners or owners involved and their current equity stakes
  • a recent valuation of the company's overall equity
  • a funding instrument, such as life insurance policies
  • tax and estate planning considerations for the individual partners and surviving beneficiaries

What Is the Benefit of a Buy and Sell Agreement?

A buy and sell agreement assures a smooth transition of ownership and business continuity in the event of a departure of a partner or large equity owner. The agreement is a legally-binding contract that establishes how the departing owners' shares will be obtained by the remaining partners. Without such an agreement, there can be legal battles and contestation. For instance, if a partner dies without an agreement, their shares may be passed automatically to their spouse, who may decide to keep them. Or, the spouse may want to sell them, but the remaining partners do not have the funds available to buy the shares.

The Bottom Line

Business continuity is important, especially when there are multiple partners or important equity holders involved in the running of a business. A buy and sell agreement (buy-sell agreement) is a legal remedy for establishing a clear plan of how to distribute the shares of a departed or deceased partner to the remaining ones. In the case of a death, life insurance policies are used to fund the buyout of shares from the deceased's estate.

business plan for buy and sell

  • Terms of Service
  • Editorial Policy
  • Privacy Policy
  • Your Privacy Choices


Item added to your cart

Here is a free business plan sample for a fruit and vegetable store.

fruit and vegetable market profitability

Have you ever envisioned owning a bustling fruit and vegetable market that serves as a cornerstone of health in your community? Wondering where to start?

Look no further, as we're about to guide you through a comprehensive business plan tailored for a fruit and vegetable market.

Creating a solid business plan is crucial for any aspiring entrepreneur. It serves as a roadmap, outlining your vision, objectives, and the strategies you'll employ to turn your fresh produce venture into a thriving business.

To jumpstart your planning process with ease and precision, feel free to utilize our fruit and vegetable market business plan template. Our team of experts is also on standby to provide a free review and fine-tuning of your plan.

business plan produce market

How to draft a great business plan for your fruit and vegetable store?

A good business plan for a fruit and vegetable market must cater to the unique aspects of this type of retail business.

Initially, it's crucial to provide a comprehensive overview of the market landscape. This includes up-to-date statistics and an exploration of emerging trends within the industry, similar to what we've incorporated in our fruit and vegetable market business plan template .

Your business plan should articulate your vision clearly. Define your target demographic (such as local residents, restaurants, or health-conscious consumers) and establish your market's distinctive features (like offering organic produce, exotic fruits, or locally-sourced vegetables).

Market analysis is the next critical component. This requires a thorough examination of local competitors, market dynamics, and consumer buying patterns.

For a fruit and vegetable market, it's imperative to detail the range of products you intend to sell. Describe your selection of fruits, vegetables, herbs, and any additional items you plan to offer, and discuss how these choices align with the preferences and needs of your customer base.

The operational plan is equally important. It should outline the location of your market, the layout of the retail space, your supply chain for fresh produce, and inventory management practices.

Given the nature of a fruit and vegetable market, it is vital to highlight the freshness and quality of your produce, your relationships with growers and suppliers, and adherence to health and safety standards.

Then, delve into your marketing and sales strategies. How do you plan to attract and keep customers coming back? Consider your approach to promotions, customer loyalty programs, and potential value-added services (like home delivery or a juice bar).

Incorporating digital strategies, such as an online ordering system or a robust social media presence, is also crucial in the modern marketplace.

The financial section is another cornerstone of your business plan. It should encompass the initial investment, projected sales, operating expenses, and the point at which you expect to break even.

With a fruit and vegetable market, managing waste and understanding the shelf life of products are critical, so precise planning and knowledge of your financials are essential. For assistance, consider using our financial forecast for a fruit and vegetable market .

Compared to other business plans, a fruit and vegetable market plan must pay closer attention to the perishability of inventory, the importance of a robust supply chain, and the potential for seasonal fluctuations.

A well-crafted business plan not only helps you to define your strategies and vision but also plays a pivotal role in attracting investors or securing loans.

Lenders and investors are keen on a solid market analysis, realistic financial projections, and a comprehensive understanding of the day-to-day operations of a fruit and vegetable market.

By presenting a thorough and substantiated plan, you showcase your dedication and readiness for the success of your venture.

To achieve these goals while saving time, you are welcome to fill out our fruit and vegetable market business plan template .

business plan fruit and vegetable store

A free example of business plan for a fruit and vegetable store

Here, we will provide a concise and illustrative example of a business plan for a specific project.

This example aims to provide an overview of the essential components of a business plan. It is important to note that this version is only a summary. As it stands, this business plan is not sufficiently developed to support a profitability strategy or convince a bank to provide financing.

To be effective, the business plan should be significantly more detailed, including up-to-date market data, more persuasive arguments, a thorough market study, a three-year action plan, as well as detailed financial tables such as a projected income statement, projected balance sheet, cash flow budget, and break-even analysis.

All these elements have been thoroughly included by our experts in the business plan template they have designed for a fruit and vegetable market .

Here, we will follow the same structure as in our business plan template.

business plan fruit and vegetable store

Market Opportunity

Market data and figures.

The fruit and vegetable market is an essential and robust component of the global food industry.

Recent estimates value the global fruit and vegetable trade at over 1 trillion dollars, with expectations for continued growth as consumers seek healthier eating options. In the United States, the fruit and vegetable industry contributes significantly to the economy, with thousands of markets and stores providing a wide range of produce to meet consumer demand.

These statistics underscore the critical role that fruit and vegetable markets play in not only providing nutritious food options but also in supporting local agriculture and economies.

Current trends in the fruit and vegetable industry indicate a shift towards organic and locally sourced produce, as consumers become more health-conscious and environmentally aware.

There is an increasing demand for organic fruits and vegetables, driven by the perception of better quality and concerns about pesticides and other chemicals. The local food movement is also gaining momentum, with consumers showing a preference for produce that is grown locally to support community farmers and reduce carbon emissions associated with transportation.

Technological advancements are influencing the industry as well, with innovations in vertical farming and hydroponics allowing for more sustainable and space-efficient growing methods.

Online grocery shopping and delivery services are expanding, making it easier for consumers to access fresh produce directly from their homes.

Additionally, the push for transparency in food sourcing continues to grow, with consumers wanting to know more about where their food comes from and how it is grown.

These trends are shaping the future of the fruit and vegetable market, as businesses strive to meet the evolving preferences and values of modern consumers.

Success Factors

Several key factors contribute to the success of a fruit and vegetable market.

Quality and freshness of produce are paramount. Markets that offer a wide variety of fresh, high-quality fruits and vegetables are more likely to build and maintain a dedicated customer base.

Diversity in product offerings, including exotic or hard-to-find produce, can differentiate a market from its competitors.

Location is also vital, as markets that are easily accessible to consumers will naturally attract more foot traffic.

Customer service is another important aspect, with knowledgeable and friendly staff enhancing the shopping experience and encouraging repeat visits.

Effective cost management and the ability to adapt to changing consumer trends, such as the demand for organic and locally grown produce, are crucial for the long-term viability of a fruit and vegetable market.

The Project

Project presentation.

Our fruit and vegetable market project is designed to cater to the increasing consumer demand for fresh, organic, and locally-sourced produce. Situated in a community-focused neighborhood, our market will offer a diverse selection of fruits and vegetables, emphasizing seasonal and organic options. We will partner with local farmers and suppliers to ensure that our customers have access to the freshest produce available, supporting sustainable agricultural practices and reducing our carbon footprint.

We aim to provide not just produce, but a holistic healthy eating experience by offering a range of complementary products such as herbs, spices, and artisanal condiments. Our market will be a hub for health-conscious consumers and those interested in cooking with the finest ingredients.

Our fruit and vegetable market is set to become a cornerstone in the community, promoting healthier lifestyles and fostering connections between local producers and consumers.

Value Proposition

The value proposition of our fruit and vegetable market lies in our commitment to providing the community with the highest quality fresh produce. We understand the importance of nutrition and the role that fruits and vegetables play in maintaining a healthy diet.

Our market will offer a unique shopping experience where customers can enjoy a wide variety of produce, learn about the benefits of incorporating more fruits and vegetables into their diets, and discover new and exotic varieties. We are dedicated to creating a welcoming environment where everyone can find something to enrich their meals and support their well-being.

By focusing on local and organic sourcing, we also contribute to the sustainability of our food systems and the prosperity of local farmers, aligning our business with the values of environmental stewardship and community support.

Project Owner

The project owner is an individual with a profound passion for healthy living and community engagement. With a background in agricultural studies and experience in the food retail industry, they are well-equipped to establish a market that prioritizes quality and freshness.

They bring a wealth of knowledge about the seasonality and sourcing of produce, and are committed to creating a marketplace that reflects the diversity and richness of nature's offerings. Their dedication to health, nutrition, and sustainability drives them to build a market that not only sells fruits and vegetables but also educates and inspires the community to embrace a healthier, more sustainable lifestyle.

Their vision is to create a space where the joy of fresh, wholesome food is accessible to all, and where the market serves as a vibrant gathering place for people to connect with their food and each other.

The Market Study

Market segments.

The market segments for this fruit and vegetable market are diverse and cater to a wide range of consumers.

Firstly, there are health-conscious individuals who prioritize fresh, organic produce in their diets for wellness and nutritional benefits.

Secondly, the market serves customers who are looking for locally-sourced and seasonal produce to support community farmers and reduce their carbon footprint.

Additionally, the market attracts individuals with specific dietary needs, such as vegans, vegetarians, and those with food sensitivities who require a variety of fresh produce options.

Culinary professionals, including chefs and caterers, represent another segment, seeking high-quality ingredients to enhance their dishes.

SWOT Analysis

A SWOT analysis of the fruit and vegetable market project highlights several key factors.

Strengths include a strong focus on fresh, high-quality produce, relationships with local farmers, and a commitment to sustainability and eco-friendly practices.

Weaknesses might involve the perishable nature of inventory, the need for constant supply chain management, and potential seasonal fluctuations in product availability.

Opportunities exist in expanding the market's reach through online sales and delivery services, as well as in educating consumers about the benefits of eating fresh and local produce.

Threats could include competition from larger grocery chains with more buying power, adverse weather affecting crop yields, and potential economic downturns reducing consumer spending on premium produce.

Competitor Analysis

Competitor analysis in the fruit and vegetable market sector indicates a varied landscape.

Direct competitors include other local markets, organic food stores, and large supermarkets with extensive produce sections.

These competitors vie for customers who value convenience, variety, and price.

Potential competitive advantages for our market include superior product freshness, strong community ties, exceptional customer service, and a focus on sustainable and ethical sourcing.

Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of these competitors is crucial for carving out a niche and ensuring customer loyalty.

Competitive Advantages

Our fruit and vegetable market's dedication to offering the freshest and highest quality produce sets us apart from the competition.

We provide a wide array of fruits and vegetables, including rare and exotic items, to cater to the diverse tastes and needs of our customers.

Our commitment to sustainability, through supporting local farmers and minimizing waste, resonates with environmentally conscious consumers.

We also emphasize transparency and education about the source and benefits of our produce, fostering a trusting relationship with our clientele.

You can also read our articles about: - how to open a fruit and vegetable store: a complete guide - the customer segments of a fruit and vegetable store - the competition study for a fruit and vegetable store

The Strategy

Development plan.

Our three-year development plan for the fresh fruit and vegetable market is designed to promote healthy living within the community.

In the first year, our goal is to establish a strong local presence by sourcing a wide variety of high-quality, seasonal produce and building relationships with local farmers and suppliers.

The second year will focus on expanding our reach by setting up additional market locations and possibly introducing mobile market services to access a broader customer base.

In the third year, we plan to diversify our offerings by including organic and exotic fruits and vegetables, as well as implementing educational programs on nutrition and sustainable agriculture.

Throughout this period, we will be committed to sustainability, community engagement, and providing exceptional service to ensure we become a staple in our customers' healthy lifestyles.

Business Model Canvas

The Business Model Canvas for our fruit and vegetable market targets health-conscious consumers and those looking for fresh, local produce.

Our value proposition is centered on offering the freshest, high-quality fruits and vegetables, with a focus on local and organic options, and providing exceptional customer service.

We will sell our products through our physical market locations and consider an online ordering system for customer convenience, utilizing our key resources such as our relationships with local farmers and our knowledgeable staff.

Key activities include sourcing and curating produce, maintaining quality control, and engaging with the community.

Our revenue streams will be generated from the sales of produce, while our costs will be associated with procurement, operations, and marketing efforts.

Access a complete and editable real Business Model Canvas in our business plan template .

Marketing Strategy

Our marketing strategy is centered on community engagement and education.

We aim to highlight the health benefits of fresh produce and the environmental advantages of buying locally. Our approach includes community events, cooking demonstrations, and partnerships with local health and wellness organizations.

We will also leverage social media to showcase our daily offerings, share tips on healthy eating, and feature stories from our partner farmers.

Additionally, we plan to offer loyalty programs and seasonal promotions to encourage repeat business and attract new customers.

Risk Policy

The risk policy for our fruit and vegetable market focuses on mitigating risks associated with perishable goods, supply chain management, and market fluctuations.

We will implement strict quality control measures and develop a robust inventory management system to minimize waste and ensure product freshness.

Building strong relationships with a diverse group of suppliers will help us manage supply risks and price volatility.

We will also maintain a conservative financial strategy to manage operational costs effectively and ensure business sustainability.

Insurance coverage will be in place to protect against unforeseen events that could impact our business operations.

Why Our Project is Viable

We believe in the viability of a fruit and vegetable market that prioritizes freshness, quality, and community health.

With a growing trend towards healthy eating and local sourcing, our market is well-positioned to meet consumer demand.

We are committed to creating a shopping experience that supports local agriculture and provides educational value to our customers.

Adaptable to market trends and customer feedback, we are excited about the potential of our fruit and vegetable market to become a cornerstone of healthy living in our community.

You can also read our articles about: - the Business Model Canvas of a fruit and vegetable store - the marketing strategy for a fruit and vegetable store

The Financial Plan

Of course, the text presented below is far from sufficient to serve as a solid and credible financial analysis for a bank or potential investor. They expect specific numbers, financial statements, and charts demonstrating the profitability of your project.

All these elements are available in our business plan template for a fruit and vegetable market and our financial plan for a fruit and vegetable market .

Initial expenses for our fruit and vegetable market include costs for securing a retail space in a high-traffic area, purchasing refrigeration units and display equipment to maintain and showcase fresh produce, obtaining necessary permits and licenses, investing in a robust inventory management system, and launching marketing initiatives to attract customers to our location.

Our revenue assumptions are based on an in-depth analysis of the local market demand for fresh, high-quality fruits and vegetables, taking into account the increasing trend towards healthy eating and organic produce.

We expect sales to grow steadily as we establish our market's reputation for offering a wide variety of fresh and locally sourced produce.

The projected income statement outlines expected revenues from the sale of fruits and vegetables, cost of goods sold (including procurement, transportation, and storage), and operating expenses (rent, marketing, salaries, utilities, etc.).

This results in a forecasted net profit that is essential for assessing the long-term viability of our fruit and vegetable market.

The projected balance sheet will reflect assets such as refrigeration and display equipment, inventory of fresh produce, and liabilities including any loans and operational expenses.

It will provide a snapshot of the financial condition of our market at the end of each fiscal period.

Our projected cash flow statement will detail all cash inflows from sales and outflows for expenses, helping us to predict our financial needs and ensure we have sufficient funds to operate smoothly.

The projected financing plan will outline the sources of funding we intend to tap into to cover our initial setup costs and any additional financing needs.

The working capital requirement for our market will be carefully managed to maintain adequate liquidity for day-to-day operations, such as purchasing fresh stock, managing inventory, and covering staff wages.

The break-even analysis will determine the volume of sales we need to achieve to cover all our costs and begin generating a profit, marking the point at which our market becomes financially sustainable.

Key performance indicators we will monitor include the turnover rate of our inventory, the gross margin on produce sales, the current ratio to evaluate our ability to meet short-term obligations, and the return on investment to gauge the profitability of the capital invested in our market.

These metrics will be instrumental in assessing the financial performance and overall success of our fruit and vegetable market.

If you want to know more about the financial analysis of this type of activity, please read our article about the financial plan for a fruit and vegetable store .

  • Choosing a selection results in a full page refresh.
  • Opens in a new window.

Buy and Sell cars philippines

  • SUV Sedan Hatchback Van Minivan Truck MPV
  • Under ₱1.000.000 Under ₱500.000 Under ₱300.000 Under ₱250.000 Under ₱200.000 Under ₱150.000 Under ₱100.000
  • Cagayan Pampanga Cebu Iloilo Metro Manila Baguio Benguet Pangasinan


  • Dealerships
  • Car Comparisons
  • Market News
  • New Releases
  • List-ticles
  • Car Buying & Selling
  • Car Maintenance
  • Safe Driving
  • Become Our Partner
  • Loan Calculator
  • Car Insurance

9 tips on starting your own car buy-and-sell business

Updated Jan 11, 2023 | Same topic: Best Advice for Car Buyers

The used-car market is thriving nowadays, as the prices of brand-new cars continue to inch up. This means that your business venture would likely succeed -- if you have the smarts and right business tools. Obviously, there are a lot of things you must know. Consider these following - website  buying and selling cars  prepared for you.

1. Have a working knowledge of the business

This is a no-brainer tip, but it is also an important one. No matter what business you want to be in, you must have both passion and knowledge of the venture you are going to start.

car salesman talking to a couple

You must have both passion and knowledge of the venture you are going to start

2. Check the law

Every country has different regulations in buying and selling of   car for sale In Philippines . This will tell you how many vehicles you can buy and sell, and who can buy and sell. Apply for a dealership license if you are planning to buy more than the limit.

A dealer's license allows you to operate legally, but this also comes with the added responsibility to your business. You need to make sure that the vehicles have a clean title. Familiarize yourself with the law about your business.

Man using a laptop

Apply for a dealership license if you are planning to buy more than the limit

>>> You might want to know:  5 essential sales skills to become a successful car seller .

3. Get the car brands for your target market

An essential in business is defining your target market -- the group of people that you hope will buy your product. A well-defined target market will help you choose the right product to offer.

If your target market is composed of average car users, consider the brands that they trust and are reliable. Do some market research. There are ways to know what brand your target market trusts and what type of car they would likely buy. You can get this information by conducting a survey or poll.

Different car model

If your target market is composed of average car users, consider the brands that they trust and are reliable

4. Study the pricing

Price is an important factor in the business more so in the buy-and-sell field. There are two prices that you need to be concerned about: The price of the car you will buy and the price you will sell it at. You need to make sure that the price Is right in both instances.

Checking the price of your closest competitors will also help you formulate your own pricing. In buying a car you need to have good bargaining skills. But of course, it should be reasonably priced and competitive. Set a bottom price for each car. This will be the lowest price that a car can get. This is for customers who will bargain with you later on.

car for sale

Price is an important factor in the business

>>> Tips for you:  8 essential tips for starting auto repair business in the Philippines .

5. Have a reliable mechanic at the ready

Having a reliable mechanic can help your business in many ways. They could do all major repairs and inspections of cars that you buy and sell. They can tell you if a particular vehicle is a good or a bad buy. A trusted mechanic could also give you an opinion on what should be repaired and what should be replaced.

It also helps if you know quite a bit about cars, so you could confirm your mechanic's opinions. 

a mechanic

Having a reliable mechanic can help your business in many ways

>>> Check out:  For car sellers: How to detail a car before getting it sold .

6. Prepare a checklist/ business plan

When starting a business, it is a good idea to have a business plan. This will be a guide in your business and can also profile your venture when you are looking for investors.

Doing a checklist must include the day-to-day of what you need to do. Have a checklist of to-dos when purchasing a car (including a list of documents for you to check, receive, and issue). Having a written plan will help you big time in managing your business -- and gives a clear plan of attack.

7. Space, space, space

Plan the location or space for your business. Make sure that you have enough space to park cars. It is also important that it is near to your target market and other potential customers.

8. Consider an advertising budget

Your advertising must attract customers, spread the word, and generate sales. With social media today, not only do we save money for advertising, but we also create a network. You can use social media to promote the business.

sell cars

Your advertising must attract customers, spread the word, and generate sales

Besides social media, there are also other ways to advertise via low to no-cost ways. Printed advertisements are flyers, posters, and tarpaulins. Post and give away flyers in areas where your target market could be. You could also put your business in classified ads in the newspaper. If you have a bigger budget, you can do television, radio or newspaper ads.

>>> Also check:  5 things car salesmen hate about car buyers .

9. Use the Internet

The Internet can be useful in business if it is used right. You can create social media accounts, pages or websites, so your target customers can reach you. You can also showcase your inventory in your accounts. This will also attract potential customers and even help you close a deal. You can also post classifieds for free on sites.

Make use of the advantage of technology and the Internet. This can help you big time in business. Take good pictures and be creative with your post and caption. Make this part of your marketing strategy.

sell cars for sale

Make use of the advantage of technology and the Internet

Starting a new business is overwhelming and understandably scary because of the risk. But remember that an entrepreneur always takes a calculated risk. If you believe in what you are doing and this is your passion, stop hesitating. If you ever decide to start your buy-and-sell car business, we hope this article has helped you get a better understanding of what to face. Protection Status

Hanna Sanchez

Hanna is one of the most competitive swimmers in the country during her day. It was not long before she discovered her passion for the automotive industry as well. Nowadays, she balances her passion through writing as well as coaching.

Recent posts

  • For car sellers: How to detail a car before getting it sold Aug 09, 2022
  • 8 problems with dealerships that car buyers should be aware of Aug 29, 2019
  • Buying tips: 6 things you need to know about dealer's invoice Aug 09, 2022
  • Auto debate: Are best selling cars worth the hype? Jul 24, 2019
  • Best-selling cars vs Best-equipped cars: Which one would you pick as your next vehicle? Oct 18, 2022

Most Viewed Articles

2021 Jeep Wrangler: Expectations and what we know so far

2021 Jeep Wrangler: Expectations and what we know so far

2021 Subaru Forester: Expectations and what we know so far

2021 Subaru Forester: Expectations and what we know so far

2021 Kia Seltos: Expectations and what we know so far

2021 Kia Seltos: Expectations and what we know so far

Unveil the top 11 upcoming cars 2020 in the Philippines

Unveil the top 11 upcoming cars 2020 in the Philippines

Car comparison.

2023 Mitsubishi Xpander Cross vs Toyota Veloz Comparo: Spec Sheet Battle

2023 Mitsubishi Xpander Cross vs Toyota Veloz Comparo: Spec Sheet Battle

2024 Toyota Wigo vs Suzuki Celerio Comparison: Spec Sheet Battle

2024 Toyota Wigo vs Suzuki Celerio Comparison: Spec Sheet Battle

2024 Honda CR-V vs Hyundai Tucson Comparison: Spec Sheet Battle

2024 Honda CR-V vs Hyundai Tucson Comparison: Spec Sheet Battle

2024 Toyota Wigo vs Suzuki S-Presso Comparison: Spec Sheet Battle

2024 Toyota Wigo vs Suzuki S-Presso Comparison: Spec Sheet Battle

2024 Nissan Almera vs Honda City Comparison: Spec Sheet Battle

2024 Nissan Almera vs Honda City Comparison: Spec Sheet Battle

Buy and Sell cars philippines


12/F AIC Burgundy Tower, ADB Avenue, Ortigas Center, Pasig City, Metro Manila, Philippines

09481334353 (SMART) - 09260673939 (GLOBE)

[email protected]


  • Share full article


Supported by

Sony and Apollo’s Plan for Paramount: Break It Up

CBS and other well-known properties would be sold if Sony and Apollo were able to buy Paramount. But the new owners would keep the movie studio.

An elevated view of studio buildings and a white water tower bearing the Paramount mountain logo.

By Benjamin Mullin and Lauren Hirsch

Shari Redstone helped build Paramount Global into a media empire, but if Sony Pictures Entertainment and the private-equity giant Apollo Global Management succeed in acquiring it, they plan to break it all up, according to three people familiar with the matter.

The plan would include auctioning off CBS, cable channels like MTV and the Paramount Plus streaming service, said the people, who asked not to be identified sharing private details. Paramount Pictures — home to blockbusters like “The Godfather,” “Top Gun” and the “Mission: Impossible” franchise — would be combined with Sony’s business.

Sony and Apollo, which made a nonbinding expression of interest in acquiring Paramount for $26 billion last week, are also likely to keep Paramount’s library of films and TV shows and the rights to well-known characters, including the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles and SpongeBob SquarePants. They have not yet outlined this plan to Paramount or its advisers.

A breakup of Paramount would represent a major changing of the guard in the entertainment industry. CBS and Paramount have been controlled by the Redstone family for decades, since the media mogul Sumner Redstone assembled the conglomerate in a series of audacious deals. His daughter, Ms. Redstone, championed a 2019 deal to reunite it, and she remains Paramount’s controlling shareholder.

Sony and Apollo are now engaging with Paramount’s financial advisers on next steps in their proposal, the people said. The two companies have not yet signed formal nondisclosure agreements or begun due diligence reviews, a process that could take weeks.

Though it’s still early, the two bidders have already begun to envision how a deal for Paramount could unfold. The two would likely operate the company as a joint venture controlled by Sony, with a minority stake owned by Apollo, the people said. Sony would look to combine the marketing and distribution functions of the Paramount movie studio with its own operations, and divest the rest of the properties.

Over time, Apollo could sell its stake in the joint venture back to Sony or to another buyer. It’s not yet clear just how large a stake Apollo would hold in the business, though the company plans to invest billions in the deal, one person said.

A breakup of Paramount is not a preferred outcome for Ms. Redstone, who would prefer the company to pass on to another buyer intact, a person familiar with her thinking said. But it wouldn’t necessarily be a dealbreaker if the offer was compelling, the person said.

There are other suitors. Skydance, a media company founded by the tech scion David Ellison, has been in discussions with Paramount for months about a potential deal. Exclusive negotiations between Skydance and Paramount lapsed last week, shortly after Sony and Apollo put in their expression of interest. But Skydance remains interested.

Sony and Paramount have different approaches to the entertainment business, and a deal would probably result in a U-turn for Paramount. Unlike Paramount, which streams its content on Paramount+, Sony licenses its movies and TV shows to companies like Netflix and Disney. Sony would probably not change that approach in a deal with Paramount and would most likely look to combine Paramount+ with a rival service, such as Comcast’s Peacock or Warner Bros. Discovery’s Max.

Sony has long pursued Paramount’s movie studio. Several years ago, Sony executives reached out to Paramount to see if the company would be willing to sell Paramount Pictures or merge it into a joint venture, but Paramount signaled it was interested only in a deal for the whole company. So when Apollo made a bid for all of Paramount this year, Sony decided to team up.

Any deal by Sony would face regulatory hurdles. Regulations restrict foreign owners from holding licenses for U.S. broadcast stations, which could prevent Sony — which is owned by the Japanese-based Sony Group — from owning CBS-affiliated TV stations. But they could divest the stations immediately, or have Apollo apply for the license. They are also considering other options for the stations.

The deal would also most likely require clearance from the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States, the panel in Washington that scrutinizes acquisitions by foreign owners.

Sony and Apollo believe that when they decide to sell the Paramount assets , there could be many logical buyers, the three sources said. Warner Bros. Discovery, which does not own a broadcast network, could be a suitor for CBS. TV station groups like Nexstar and Tegna could be logical buyers for CBS’s owned and operated TV stations.

The hardest asset to sell would most likely be Paramount’s cable networks, like MTV and Nickelodeon, but those could be sold to a TV programmer looking for greater scale in negotiations with cable companies like Charter and Comcast.

Benjamin Mullin reports on the major companies behind news and entertainment. Contact Ben securely on Signal at +1 530-961-3223 or email at [email protected] . More about Benjamin Mullin

Lauren Hirsch joined The Times from CNBC in 2020, covering deals and the biggest stories on Wall Street. More about Lauren Hirsch

Business Standard

  • Personal Finance
  • Today's Paper
  • Partner Content
  • Entertainment
  • Social Viral
  • Pro Kabaddi League

Sell stocks in May and go away: Here's why it may be a bad strategy in 2024

The government, too, is hopeful that the bull-run in the indian stock market will continue. pm modi recently said in an interview that indian stock markets will break all previous records on june 4.

markets, financial analytics, market analysis

Listen to This Article

Lok sabha elections 2024: when can you find out exit poll predictions, why are indian stock markets falling, and is it a good time to buy, assembly election exit polls: understanding history, relevance, and more, ls polls 2024 updates: bjp releases star candidate list, mea slams us, exit poll 2023: here's how politicians reacted to poll predictions, this defence stock has zoomed over 45% in 6 days ahead of stock split, irfc shares zoom 5% amid strong q4 results, rs 50,000 cr fund raise plan, kalpataru projects soars 15% on inking rs 7,550 cr pact with aramco, bond yields seen easing as indian govt cuts t-bill supply for 6 weeks, bharat electronics up 9%, m-cap crosses rs 2 trillion on healthy q4 results.

Don't miss the most important news and views of the day. Get them on our Telegram channel

First Published: May 21 2024 | 11:18 AM IST

Explore News

  • Suzlon Energy Share Price Adani Enterprises Share Price Adani Power Share Price IRFC Share Price Tata Motors Share Price Tata Steel Share Price Yes Bank Share Price Infosys Share Price SBI Share Price Tata Power Share Price
  • Latest News Company News Market News India News Politics News Cricket News Personal Finance Technology News World News Industry News Education News Opinion Shows Economy News Lifestyle News Health News
  • Today's Paper About Us T&C Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Disclaimer Investor Communication GST registration number List Compliance Contact Us Advertise with Us Sitemap Subscribe Careers BS Apps
  • Budget 2024 Lok Sabha Election 2024 IPL 2024 Pro Kabaddi League IPL Points Table 2024

LinkedIN Icon

We've detected unusual activity from your computer network

To continue, please click the box below to let us know you're not a robot.

Why did this happen?

Please make sure your browser supports JavaScript and cookies and that you are not blocking them from loading. For more information you can review our Terms of Service and Cookie Policy .

For inquiries related to this message please contact our support team and provide the reference ID below.

Steward outlines plan to offload hospitals in legal filing

St. Anne’s Hospital in Fall River is among Steward's Massachusetts properties.

Attorneys for Steward Health Care want a federal judge to bless the company’s proposed process for selling or auctioning its 31 hospitals, including eight in Massachusetts, over the next seven weeks.

A late Wednesday night filing in the US Bankruptcy Court case that started last week proposes “global bidding and auction procedures” to govern the sale of Steward’s hospitals and its physician network, Stewardship Health. If Judge Christopher Lopez approves the company’s motion, bids for Steward’s Massachusetts hospitals (and hospitals in other states aside from Florida) would be due June 24 and sale hearings would be held July 2.

A hearing on the motion is planned for June 3 at 2 p.m.


Steward’s lawyers said the proposed sale process is “designed to continue to promote a competitive and robust bidding process, while allowing the Debtors to implement sale transactions on an expedited basis.”

Governor Maura Healey, Attorney General Andrea Campbell, and other state leaders want Steward out of Massachusetts, but the company has not secured buyers for its Bay State hospitals in the months since its financial predicament came to light.

Steward began marketing some of its hospitals in January, relying on the investment bank Cain Brothers to execute a strategy with the goal of “continuing critical operations at the Debtors’ core Hospitals while maximizing value by selling certain non-core Hospitals, including the Debtors’ Hospitals in Arizona, Arkansas, Louisiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Southern Massachusetts.” Leerink Partners was tapped in February to market Steward’s “Northern Massachusetts” hospitals.

By the time Steward filed for bankruptcy on May 6, Cain had contacted 179 potential buyers and Leerink had contacted 80 potential buyers, including for-profit and not-for-profit organizations, the company said. Steward’s lawyers said the company “received numerous indications of interest for their Hospitals” before filing for bankruptcy, but also that it expects more potential bidders to become aware of the sale through the bankruptcy proceeding, “thus driving more interest in the Hospitals.”

Lawyers for Steward said the company has “received attractive indications of interest from multiple potential buyers for its Southern Massachusetts and Arizona hospital operations” and also is “in discussions with various third-parties interested in purchasing and operating the Debtors’ hospitals in Northern Massachusetts, as well as with state officials and regulators to facilitate the transition of such hospitals to new operators.”

The company’s lawyers and Massachusetts state officials have acknowledged that selling the hospitals could be difficult thanks to the sale-leaseback transaction that saw Medical Properties Trust buy the land beneath Steward’s hospitals in 2016.

In Wednesday night’s filing, Steward confirmed that “substantially all” of its hospital operations are subject to master leases with MPT that “are not severable as to any particular property absent the consent of the applicable MPT Lessor(s).” The company said it “intend[s]to solicit Bids for the Debtors’ operations separately from real estate” and that bidders could “indicate the proposed treatment of such real property in their bid.”

Last week, a lawyer for Steward told the bankruptcy court that the company faces a June 25 deadline to auction its hospitals in Massachusetts and other states except for Florida under the terms of a loan it got from its landlord, MPT. But he also said that timeline was “not feasible.”

Steward’s lawyers also fired back at Campbell’s office, which was critical of the sale process Steward undertook before its bankruptcy in a filing last week , saying that “[a]s with all things Steward, this too was horribly mismanaged.”

“Yet notwithstanding that there are experienced professionals overseeing and leading the process, certain parties, including the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, have elected to lodge completely unsubstantiated criticisms about the Debtors’ sale process,” Steward’s lawyers wrote. “Although frustration with the Debtors’ financial circumstances and the need to commence these chapter 11 cases is understandable, filing unfounded and unsubstantiated pleadings at a time when a team of experienced and independent professionals and directors have been and are continuing to run a process (and who have managed similar processes across multiple venues in a myriad of complex chapter 11 cases) that will benefit all stakeholders, is neither appropriate nor will it be tolerated by the Debtors.”

Campbell’s office said that the Executive Office of Health and Human Services here was informed by potential buyers “that they were being excluded from participating and the separate processes made it difficult for any single bidder to bid for all of the hospitals.” Steward’s latest filing contended that the company “encouraged bids from all interested parties and did not exclude any parties from the process, nor preclude any potential transaction structure.”

Massachusetts was the only state that had its officials listed as “interested parties” in Steward’s bankruptcy case until Tuesday, when the Texas Health and Human Services Commission filed an appearance in the case.

Officials in other states are beginning to pay closer attention to the floundering health system as well.

On Friday, Arizona Attorney General Kris Mayes announced that she was launching an investigation into the circumstances leading up to Steward’s bankruptcy filing and is considering intervening in the court proceeding “due to its potential negative effects on Arizona patients, providers, healthcare workers, and vendors.”

In Massachusetts, Steward operates St. Elizabeth’s in Brighton, Carney Hospital in Dorchester, Good Samaritan Medical Center in Brockton, Holy Family Hospital in Methuen and Haverhill, Morton Hospital in Taunton, Nashoba Valley Medical Center in Ayer, Norwood Hospital, and St. Anne’s in Fall River.


  1. Sales Planning Process: Steps, Tips, And Tools

    business plan for buy and sell

  2. Buy And Sell Business Plan Pdf; Marketing Plan Templates with Guide

    business plan for buy and sell

  3. 216+ FREE Business Plan Format Templates [Edit & Download]

    business plan for buy and sell

  4. Purchase a business plan: How to prepare a business plan when

    business plan for buy and sell

  5. business plan for buy and sell

    business plan for buy and sell

  6. A Complete Guide On Small Business Plan Examples (2022)

    business plan for buy and sell


  1. Low Cost Business Idea In 2024

  2. Business Plan Types about discussion || Business Plan Presentation About Discussion || Business Plan

  3. Side Business Ideas in 2024

  4. Low investment Business Ideas

  5. How to write a business plan for your trade business

  6. How To Write A Business Plan In 10 Simple Steps!


  1. How to Write a Business Plan: Guide + Examples

    Most business plans also include financial forecasts for the future. These set sales goals, budget for expenses, and predict profits and cash flow. A good business plan is much more than just a document that you write once and forget about. It's also a guide that helps you outline and achieve your goals. After completing your plan, you can ...

  2. Steps to Sell Your Small Business

    Steps to Sell Your Small Business. Prepare for your exit, set the right price, find buyers, negotiate terms, and finalize the deal. Whether you are planning to retire or focus on other opportunities, selling your business is an excellent way to exit and raise money from the business you have successfully built.

  3. Write your business plan

    Common items to include are credit histories, resumes, product pictures, letters of reference, licenses, permits, patents, legal documents, and other contracts. Example traditional business plans. Before you write your business plan, read the following example business plans written by fictional business owners.

  4. How to Buy and Sell a Business As Told By an Entrepreneur

    Step 4: Raise extra money to pay for the business. Justify extra fundraising by creating a plan for how you'll use the money to invest in the business and improve marketing and operations. You can also use the money to pay the seller and get the early payoff discount.

  5. How To Write A Business Plan (2024 Guide)

    Describe Your Services or Products. The business plan should have a section that explains the services or products that you're offering. This is the part where you can also describe how they fit ...

  6. How to Sell a Business

    Retaining Key Employees Is Critical to Selling Your Business. From a seller's perspective, key employees benefit your business, but they can also hijack your exit strategy. When critical roles and proprietary business knowledge are concentrated in a few individuals, this poses a business risk to potential buyers. 4 minute video.

  7. Writing a Business Plan

    Writing a business plan begins by defining your business's mission and vision statement. Though creating such a statement may seem like fluff, it is an important exercise. The mission and vision statement sets the foundation upon which to launch your business. It is difficult to move forward successfully without first defining your business ...

  8. Business Plan

    Here is a basic template that any business can use when developing its business plan: Section 1: Executive Summary. Present the company's mission. Describe the company's product and/or service offerings. Give a summary of the target market and its demographics.

  9. Business Plan: What it Is, How to Write One

    Learn about the best business plan software. 1. Write an executive summary. This is your elevator pitch. It should include a mission statement, a brief description of the products or services your ...

  10. How to Buy an Existing Business

    All three of these approaches can be used to arrive at a fair price for a business, and the final price will always be the one that both the buyer and the seller agree on. 7. Secure capital to ...

  11. How to Prepare a Business Plan for Selling Your Business

    Start with a power-packed Executive Summary that explains what you are selling, details of the deal, how you will finance the acquisition, and anything else you want your audience to know right up-front. Keep it brief and to the point. Try to keep it to one page, and certainly, not more than two. Some sellers will choose to write the ES after ...

  12. Simple Business Plan Template (2024)

    Whether you want to launch a side gig, a solo operation or a small business, you need a simple business plan template to guide you. Forbes Advisor offers you a comprehensive and easy-to-follow ...

  13. Buy-Sell Agreement Definition, Types, Key Considerations

    Buy And Sell Agreement: A buy and sell agreement is an approach used by sole proprietorships , partnerships and closed corporations to divide the business share or interest of a proprietor ...

  14. Buy an existing business or franchise

    Consider three factors before franchising or buying a business. Though the business models differ, there are three common steps to take that will help you determine whether you should franchise or buy a business. Quantify your investment: Review your financial landscape and decide how much you're willing to spend to purchase — and ...

  15. How to Start a Buy and Sell Business in the Philippines

    A buy-and-sell business is one of the easiest and cheapest small business ideas in the Philippines. You don't need a business degree (though having one is an advantage) and large capital. Anyone—even college students, stay-at-home mothers, and inexperienced people—can start this kind of business for as low as ₱10,000.

  16. Fruit & Vegetable Store Business Plan Example (Free)

    For a fruit and vegetable market, it's imperative to detail the range of products you intend to sell. Describe your selection of fruits, vegetables, herbs, and any additional items you plan to offer, and discuss how these choices align with the preferences and needs of your customer base. The operational plan is equally important.

  17. Buy and Sell Business Plan

    The document summarizes the business plan for a company that will buy and sell three agricultural commodities: abaca, copra, and charcoal. The company will focus on processed products with the lowest moisture content. It will be located in Menzi, Davao Oriental, a strategic area near the source of these commodities. The target customers are farmers and cooperatives in Davao Oriental and nearby ...

  18. 9 tips on starting your own car buy-and-sell business

    4. Study the pricing. Price is an important factor in the business more so in the buy-and-sell field. There are two prices that you need to be concerned about: The price of the car you will buy and the price you will sell it at. You need to make sure that the price Is right in both instances.

  19. Idaho Businesses For Sale

    Businesses For Sale Idaho 498 results. Browse 498 Idaho businesses for sale on BizBuySell. View a variety of Idaho business opportunities from small home-based businesses to established high cash flow businesses, and find the right business for sale in Idaho today!

  20. Red Lobster Files for Bankruptcy With Plan to Sell Business and Reduce

    The chain plans to sell its business in the bankruptcy process, with lenders led by Fortress Credit designated as the bidder to beat. It also plans to reduce the number of restaurants it operates ...

  21. Buy and Sell in Pullman, Washington

    Marketplace is a convenient destination on Facebook to discover, buy and sell items with people in your community. Marketplace is a convenient destination on Facebook to discover, buy and sell items with people in your community. You. Sell. All Categories. Today's picks. Pullman · 40 mi. $35,000. 2017 Quickie q2 ...

  22. Sony and Apollo's Plan for Paramount: Break It Up

    Sony Pictures Entertainment and Apollo Global Management plan to keep the Paramount movie studio and auction off CBS, cable channels like MTV and the Paramount+ streaming service.

  23. Sell stocks in May and go away: Here's why it may ...

    This follows a statement by Amit Shah, Union Home Minister where he advised investors to buy stocks before June 4. Peek into history Traditionally, the month of May is considered bad for equity markets, especially in Europe and the US, as fund managers typically go on a long summer vacation - and hence the adage 'Sell in May and Go Away.'

  24. Anglo Goes for Bold Breakup Plan in Move to Fend Off BHP

    5:28. Anglo American Plc will exit diamond, platinum and coal mining in a massive restructuring designed to fend off a £34 billion ($43 billion) bid from rival BHP Group and turn itself into a ...

  25. Moscow City Council approves study of proposed new elementary school

    MOSCOW — The Moscow City Council on Monday gave its approval to finance a study exploring the possibility of a new elementary school on the south side of the city.

  26. China teases plan to buy unsold homes to fix property crisis. Markets

    Hong Kong CNN —. Chinese stocks surged on Thursday after officials in a major city announced plans to buy unsold homes in what some analysts believe could be a trial run for a much bigger ...

  27. Pullman Buy, Sell, Trade or Give Away

    WELCOME! Welcome to the Pullman Buy, Sell, Trade or Give Away group! Please read the following rules and guidelines. By joining this group you agree to follow the rules of the page. Feel free to...

  28. Steward plan to sell hospitals outlined in legal filing

    A late Wednesday night filing in the US Bankruptcy Court case that started last week proposes "global bidding and auction procedures" to govern the sale of Steward's hospitals and its ...