Beginning Farmers

Farm Business Planning

Farm Business Planning is key to beginning farmer success.

It helps beginning farmers :

  • Plan for the economic sustainability of a new farm enterprise.
  • Obtain funding to purchase land, equipment and other resources from lending institutions, investors and/or grant making agencies.
  • Articulate what their farm will look like.

On this page, we compiled free farm business planning resources to help you understand what a formal business plan is, and how to start planning your farm business. Sections include:

  • Developing a Farm Business Plan
  • Enterprise Budgeting

Enterprise budget resources are included on the farm business planning page because such tools are usually essential in helping you to develop your business plan.

Planning your farm business involves more than is outlined on this page alone. You’ll probably also be interested in funding (loans/grants) , farm incorporation , and risk management . Our  starting a farm page is worth visiting first. Also, you might find the following article helpful, because it touches on many farm business planning topics: Farm Products, What to Charge: Marketing, Price, Calculating Costs, Strategy and Much More .

developing a farm plan

1. Developing a Farm Business Plan

A  business plan  is a decision making tool that takes the form of a formal document. It states your business goals, why you think you can achieve them, and lays out your plan for doing so. Farm business planning is also a process, not an end product. A business plan is a work in progress, which farm business owners or operators will want to revisit regularly. 

Planning and Funding Your Farm Business  from the Cornell University Small Farms Project has lots of important and useful farm business planning resources.

Rural Businesses  is a web and print publication from the Minnesota institute for Sustainable Agriculture (MISA).

Building a Business Plan for Your Farm: Important First Steps  is a 20 page farm business planning publication that discusses the initial steps to help you move toward writing a formal business plan.

The Center for Agroecology has a Small Farm Business Planning publication that goes over many of the basics in a step by step format.

Building a Sustainable Business: A Guide to Developing a Business Plan for Farms and Rural Businesses is a farm business planning publication available from SARE.

Do I need a Business Plan for my Farm? is a web resource from the New England Small Farm Institute. It’s a great place to get started.

AgPlan  from the University of Minnesota helps rural business owners develop a business plan for free, while also offering sample business plans for ideas, and a way to print or download your plan.

Developing a Farm Business Plan includes several helpful resources from the USDA National Agricultural Library’s Rural Information Center.

Organic Farm Business Planning Page  from North Carolina State University features a number of publications and links related to financial planing for organic farmers.

Agricultural Business Planning Templates and Resources   is an ATTRA publication most relevant to smaller-scale or alternative agricultural entrepreneurs.

Beginning Farmer and Rancher Resources offers comprehensive resources on Bookkeeping and Other Basics ; Cash Flow Budgeting and Managing Debt ; Small Farm and Ranch Income Taxes , and more.

Purdue University’s Center for Food and Agricultural Business  has educational resources to explore, such as the New Ventures in Food and Agriculture in Indiana , which offers business planning assistance.

Purdue University Cooperative Extension offers strategic farm business planning tools for commercial farm producers.

Penn State University College of Agricultural Sciences has many Business Planning tools and information.  Penn State Cooperative Extension has a Developing a Business Plan page. Penn State also has a Farm Business Plan Template that allows you to plug in your information and create a basic business plan.

The U.S. Small Business Administration  works with local partners to counsel, mentor and train small businesses. It is worth getting to know their programs and connect with your local office.

The Martindale Center Reference Desk has an extensive  compilation of links to calculators, applets, spreadsheets, courses, manuals, handbooks, simulations, animations, videos and more. Martindale’s Agriculture Center can be of great use to farmers making business plans.

stacks of cash and money

2. Enterprise Budgets

Enterprise budgets project costs and returns for a particular farm production practice. You can use enterprise budgets to make smart business management decisions, and to help you develop a viable business plan.

Enterprise Budgeting Tools of all sorts from the Agricultural Marketing Resource Center, including organic crop budgeting tools, many vegetable budgeting tools, the crop conversion tool for side-by-side crop comparisons, specialty crop and livestock budgets, hydroponics budgets, wind calculators, composting calculators, manure calculators, distillers grain budgets, biomass calculators and specialty foods calculators.

Introduction to Farm Planning Budgets for New and Beginning Farmers (Virginia Tech)

Importance and Use of Enterprise Budgets in Agriculture   (University of Nevada)

Enterprise Budgeting (Kerr Center)

Organic Specific Enterprise Budgets

  • Enterprise Budgets and Production Costs for Organic Production (ATTRA)
  • Organic Crop Production Enterprise Budgets and Information   (Iowa State)
  • Organic Enterprise Budget (Kansas Rural Center)

More Enterprise Budget Pages and Information

  • Enterprise Budgets List (Virginia Cooperative Extension)
  • Dairy Sheep Enterprise Budget (Center for Integrated Ag Systems, UW-Madison)
  • Crop Budgets (University of Maryland)
  • Farm Management Enterprise Budgets (Ohio State)
  • Alabama Enterprise Budget Summaries (Alabama A&M and Auburn) 
  • Start developing your business plan with the resources at
  • You can find more gr eat farming resources at

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Details of a Small Farm Business Plan

  • Swarthmore College

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  • Urban Farms
  • Planting Guides
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Writing a farm business plan can be a tool for you to plan your farming business. It can also be a requirement of securing grants and loans for your farm business. The process of writing a farm business plan may seem overwhelming and intimidating at first, but if you break it down into its component steps, it becomes much more manageable.

What Is a Business Plan?

A business plan is a roadmap for your small farm . It is both process and product. During the writing of a farm business plan, you'll develop an overall vision and mission for your business. You will think about your short- and long-term goals. You'll define the steps needed to achieve those goals. You'll set the direction for your business to develop over the next five years.

If you're already an established business, your new business plan will show where you're going next. A good business plan should be:

Mission Statement

Your farm’s mission statement is your overarching purpose for your business:

  • Why does your farm exist?
  • What purpose does your farm serve?
  • Where is your farm headed?

This is beyond “make money.” This mission statement is based on your values and your core identity as a small farm.

The goals in your business plan are the specific, measurable “things” you will achieve with your small farm. Short-term goals are defined as those that you will complete within one year. Long-term goals are those that take longer than one year to complete.

SMART Goals are:

  • Rewarding, and have a

Background Information

In this section of your business plan, take inventory of what you have right now:

  • Where are you located?
  • How many acres of land are you farming?
  • When did you begin farming?
  • How are you currently operating?
  • What general practices do you use for such things as conservation, tillage, environmental impact, and marketing?

Farm Strategy

This is where your business plan gets to looking forward. You are going to formulate your farm strategy from now into the next five years or so.

  • Gather information and research markets. Make sure that your farm plan fits into the general market in terms of supply and demand. Investigate and analyze industry trends, identify competitors, and define buyers.
  • SWOT Analysis. This is an analytical tool that can be used in making decisions. SWOT stands for: strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. As a business, analyze your internal strengths and weaknesses. Then look externally at what opportunities and threats exist - competitors, new markets, government regulations, economic conditions, and so forth.
  • Create alternative strategies. Looking at the information you've gleaned and the analysis you just did, think through options for your farm strategy. Don't rely on price alone; economies of scale are challenging on the small farm level.
  • Don't jump to one conclusion immediately. Really spend some time fleshing out the specifics of some of the strategies and looking at their advantages and disadvantages. Try to find options that combine your internal strengths with opportunities in the external environment.
  • Look at all your strategies, then reread your mission statement. The ideal farm plan will fit your mission best.
  • Write an implementation plan. This is where you write a plan that will make your new strategy happen.

Marketing Strategy and Plan

In the next part of your farm business plan, you develop and outline a marketing strategy for your products and services. This can build on the research you did in the previous step. For each product, include ​the price, placement, and promotion ideas. Consider how you will convey real and perceived value to your customers.

Management Summary

This part of your business plan details your farm business’ structure. Everyone who is involved in the management of the business should be listed here. External resources are listed here as well.

Financial Analysis

In this section, you will need to detail the financial aspect of your farming operation. List your current finances in detail, including all income and operating expenses. Referring to your new strategy, you will forecast what is needed for future growth and to meet the goals you have outlined in terms of capital. Include what your future operating expenses will be.

Pulling It All Together

Writing a farm business plan is a big project. Don’t let that put you off. Your plan can be as simple as it needs to be for right now. Begin with your mission statement and goals. Do your homework by analyzing markets and researching competitors and trends. Have fun brainstorming alternative strategies and let them marinate a while. Take it one step at a time.

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Small Business Trends

How to create a farm business plan.

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It’s something you nurture, revise, and expand as circumstances dictate and as your farm business matures. Feeling pressure to perfect your business plan from the outset could be paralyzing. Instead, we suggest you view this document as a foundation that can be continuously built upon.

Therefore, your farm business plan should not only anticipate these challenges but also prescribe adaptive measures to navigate through them. It’s this inherent adaptability that transforms a good farm business plan into a great one.

Writing a Farm Business Plan Template: 15+ Things Entrepreneurs Should Include

Creating a robust business plan is of paramount importance, whether you’re kickstarting a farm venture or acquiring an existing one. Our farm business plan template starts off with an executive summary.

Executive Summary

Goals and objectives, introduction, mission statement and values of your farming business plan.

This section enables you to express the core values that led you to the farming business, whether it’s an urban farming venture or a homemade product-based farm. Your mission statement should reflect these values. Sustainable practices and conservation are often key motivations that draw people to farming, so don’t be shy to share your commitment to such principles.

Industry History

Company background and history, competitor analysis, target market.

Clearly define your target market. This can include area groceries, farmers’ markets, or online customers. If you’ll be relying on online sales, ensure your website is professionally designed, keyword optimized, and easily discoverable.

Products and Services

Organization, human resources, and management plans, swot analysis, growth strategy.

A comprehensive growth strategy should outline your plans for debt reduction, savings, and business expansion. Keeping detailed farm production records is key to evaluating the effectiveness of your growth strategy.

Financial Plan

Marketing strategy, establishing a farming business entity, detailed description of farm operations, risk management strategies.

Address potential risks and challenges your farm might face, such as natural disasters, market fluctuations, or pest infestations. Discuss the strategies you plan to implement to mitigate these risks, like insurance coverage, diversification, and emergency response plans.

Sustainability and Environmental Impact

Community involvement and social responsibility, supply chain and vendor relationships, technology and innovation.

Discuss the role of technology and innovation in your farm business. This could include the use of precision agriculture, innovative irrigation systems, or the adoption of farm management software to enhance efficiency and productivity.

Training and Development Plans

Expansion and diversification, exit strategy.

Wrap up your business plan with a conclusion that reiterates your farm’s core mission and vision, and express your enthusiasm and commitment to making your farm business a success.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do I Need a Business Plan for My Farm?

One of the many advantages of constructing your business plan is the opportunity it affords to involve others. Employees, family members, even your loyal farm dog might have innovative small farm business ideas that could significantly enhance your farm’s productivity and marketability. A different perspective can often yield solutions for issues you might not have even been aware of. Therefore, encourage an open exchange of thoughts and ideas. Who knows, the next great idea could be lying right under your hay bale!

How Do I Write a Small Farm Business Plan?

Don’t sit down to write the whole thing. Chip away, one section at a time. Keep in mind that the plan doesn’t have to be the definitive last word. You can make adaptations.

How do you start a farm business plan?

How much do farm owners make a year, how much does it cost to start a small farm, what is the most profitable farming business.

Poultry farming is currently the most profitable – and common – farm business in the world. It includes chicken, turkey, quail, ducks and goose, that are being raised for meat or eggs.

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Farm Business Plan Template

Written by Dave Lavinsky

Business Plan Outline

  • Farm Business Plan Home
  • 1. Executive Summary
  • 2. Company Overview
  • 3. Industry Analysis
  • 4. Customer Analysis
  • 5. Competitive Analysis
  • 6. Marketing Plan
  • 7. Operations Plan
  • 8. Management Team
  • 9. Financial Plan

Farm Business Plan

You’ve come to the right place to create your farm business plan.

We have helped over 5,000 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans and many have used them to start or grow their farms.

Below are links to each section of a small farm business plan template. It can be used to create a vegetable farm business plan, fruit farm business plan, agriculture farm business plans or many other types of rural businesses.

Sample Business Plan For Farms & Agricultural Businesses

  • Executive Summary – The Executive Summary is the most important part of your business plan. It is a brief description of your farm, its products and services, potential market opportunity, and competitive advantage.
  • Company Overview – Also called the Company Analysis, here, you will provide a detailed description of your agriculture business history, its products and other services, and business structure.
  • Industry Analysis – In the Industry Analysis, you will provide an in-depth analysis of the industry in which your farm operates including industry trends, market size and growth, and government regulations.
  • Customer Analysis – In the Customer Analysis, you will identify your target market and provide insights into their purchasing habits. You will also create customer segments and discuss your marketing strategy for reaching them.
  • Competitive Analysis – In the Competitive Analysis, you will identify your direct competition and provide insights into their strengths and weaknesses. You will also discuss your competitive advantage and how you plan to stay ahead of the competition.
  • Marketing Plan – The Marketing Plan includes a discussion of your marketing strategy and tactics along with your pricing strategy. You will also provide a budget for your marketing activities including attending farmers’ markets or advertising a farm stand.
  • Operations Plan – In the Operations Plan, you will discuss your farm’s day-to-day operations. You will also provide your business goals that you plan to achieve and a budget for your operating expenses.
  • Management Team – In this section, you will provide a brief overview of the farm owners and farm management team, their experience in the agricultural industry, and the organizational chart.
  • Financial Plan – In this section, you will provide three-year financial statements for your farm. This will include your income statements, projected balance sheets, and cash flow statements.

Next Section: Executive Summary >

Farm Business Plan FAQs

What is a farm business plan.

A farm business plan is a plan to start and/or grow your farm business. Among other things, a good agriculture farm business plan outlines your business concept, identifies your target audience , presents your marketing plan and details your financial projections.

You can  easily complete your farm business plan using our Farm Business Plan Template here .

What Are the Main Types of Farms?

There are many types of farms. Some have commercial farms that produce crops and agricultural products for sale. Others have cooperative farms owned by people who pool their resources together and share profits among themselves. There are also vegetable farms, dairy, micro, organic, poultry, subsistence, or urban farms.

What Are the Main Sources of Revenues and Expenses for a Farm?

The primary source of revenue for a farm is the sale of its farmed goods such as rice, corn, milk, beef, chicken, depending on the kind of farm a business is.

Some key expenses for a farm are labor expenses, production costs like irrigation, fertilizer, water, and machinery maintenance.

How Do You Get Funding for Your Agriculture Business?

Farm business plans often receive funding from bank loans. Financing is also typically available from grants offered by local and state governments. Personal savings, credit card financing and angel investors are other funding options. This is true for starting any agricultural business.

What are the Steps To Start a Farm Business?

Starting a farming business can be an exciting endeavor. Having a clear roadmap of the steps to start a business will help you stay focused on your goals and get started faster.

  • Develop An Agricultural Business Plan - The first step in starting a business is to create a detailed agriculture business plan that outlines all aspects of the venture. This should include potential market size and target customers, the services or products you will offer, pricing strategies and a detailed financial forecast.  It should also include your business goals and mission statement. You can quickly complete your farm business plan using our Farm Business Plan Template here .
  • Choose Your Legal Structure - It's important to select an appropriate legal entity for your farm business. This could be a limited liability company (LLC), corporation, partnership, or sole proprietorship. Each type has its own benefits and drawbacks so it’s important to do research and choose wisely so that your farm business is in compliance with local laws.
  • Register Your Agriculture Business - Once you have chosen a legal structure, the next step is to register your farm business with the government or state where you’re operating from. This includes obtaining licenses and permits as required by federal, state, and local laws. 
  • Identify Financing Options - It’s likely that you’ll need some capital to start your farm business, so take some time to identify what financing options are available such as bank loans, investor funding, grants, or crowdfunding platforms. 
  • Choose a Business Location - Whether you plan on operating out of a physical location or not, you should always have an idea of where you’ll be based should it become necessary in the future as well as what kind of space would be suitable for your operations. 
  • Hire Employees - There are several ways to find qualified employees including job boards like LinkedIn or Indeed as well as hiring agencies if needed – depending on what type of employees you need it might also be more effective to reach out directly through networking events. 
  • Acquire Necessary Farm Equipment & Supplies - In order to start your agricultural business, you'll need to purchase all of the necessary equipment and supplies to run a successful operation. 
  • Market & Promote Your Business - Once you have all the necessary pieces in place, it’s time to start promoting and marketing your farm business. This includes creating a website, utilizing social media platforms like Facebook or Twitter, and having an effective Search Engine Optimization (SEO) strategy. You should also consider traditional marketing techniques such as radio or print advertising. 

Learn more about how to start a successful farm business and agribusiness planning:

  • How to Start a Farm Business

Where Can I Get a Farm Business Plan PDF?

You can download our free farm business plan template PDF here . This is a good farm business plan template you can use in PDF format.

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How to Write a Farming Business Plan: Template and Guide


May 22, 2023

business plans for farming

Starting and running a successful farming business requires careful planning and strategic decision-making. One essential tool that every farmer should have is a well-crafted farming business plan. A comprehensive business plan serves as a roadmap for your agricultural venture, guiding you through the various stages of development and ensuring that you stay focused on your goals. We will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to write an effective farming business plan and start you off with a template. 

Overview of a Farming Business Plan

Before diving into the specifics, let’s take a moment to understand what a farming & agriculture business plan entails. Essentially, a farm business plan is a written document that outlines your farming objectives, strategies, and financial forecasts. It serves as a blueprint for your farm’s operations, helping you make informed decisions and communicate your vision to potential investors, lenders, or partners.

The Purpose of a Farming Business Plan

The farming business plan is going to define and communicate your farm’s mission and goals. It helps provide a clear direction for your operations, resources, and ensures that everyone involved in the business is on the same page. Additionally, a well-crafted business plan is often required when seeking financing or partnerships. Lenders and investors use it to evaluate the viability and profitability of your farming venture.  

Key Elements of a Farming Business Plan

Let’s explore the elements that make up the Farming Business Plan. 

Executive Summary

The executive summary is a brief overview of your entire plan. It should summarize your farm’s mission, goals, target market, and competitive advantage. While it appears at the beginning of your plan, it is often written last to ensure that it accurately reflects the content of the document.

Market Analysis

A thorough market analysis is crucial for understanding your target market, identifying potential customers, and evaluating your competition. This section should provide detailed information about market trends, customer demographics, and demand for your products or services. Conducting market research and gathering data from reliable sources will strengthen the credibility of your analysis.

Products and Services

In this section, describe the specific products or services your new farm will offer. Provide details about their features, benefits, and how they meet the needs of your target market. Discuss any unique selling points or competitive advantages that set your offerings apart from others in the industry.

Marketing and Sales

Outline the strategies for promoting and selling farm products. Explain how you plan to promote your farm and reach your target market. Include information about your pricing strategy, distribution channels, and any partnerships or collaborations that may enhance your marketing efforts. Developing a comprehensive marketing plan will help you attract customers and generate sales. 

Describe the operational processes and workflows involved in running the farm, including land preparation, planting, harvesting, livestock care, and post-harvest handling. Highlight the management structure, key personnel, and their roles and responsibilities.

Financial Plan

The financial plans are a critical component of your farming business plan as it demonstrates the financial viability and sustainability of your farm. It should include projected income statements, cash flow statements, and balance sheets for the next three to five years. Additionally, outline your funding requirements and any existing or potential sources of financing. 

American Farm Financing offers many financing options to fit your needs: operating loans, cash rent loans, farm mortgages, refinances, and equipment loans. See all AFF loan options .

Setting Financial Goals

Forecasting expenses is critical when starting a farming operation. List out the main buckets of expenses (inputs, machinery, labor, land, interest, and consulting services). Where possible, get pricing quotes to formalize your expenses as much as possible for what you would like to grow.

After you’ve forecasted expenses, you can set a goal for how much profit, or margin, you intend to make. Use futures sales prices to project what you can sell your crop for. The difference between your sales price and your expenses will become your profit. Ensure that this income matches your expectations and can cover any personal expenses you hope the money will be used for.

While a one-year operating plan is critical to get started, remember that farming is a long-term pursuit. Depending on how many upfront expenses you need to make, it may take multiple farming seasons to turn a significant profit. 

Conducting Market Research

Before you can develop a solid business plan for a farm, it is essential to conduct detailed market research. Conduct an analysis of the target market, including its size, growth potential, and trends. Identify the target customers, their needs, preferences, and buying behavior. This assessment will allow you to be an expert on the market and differentiate you from the rest of the competition. 

Writing a Farming Business Plan

Now that we have covered the key elements of a farming business plan, let’s dive into the process of writing one.

Creating a Timeline for Implementation

This timeline can be as specific to your needs as possible. You want to make sure that every necessary box is checked before launching your farming operation. This is a suggested timeline for implementing your plan, but coordinate as you see fit and adapt to things that may pop up:

Preparation: 1-6 Months 

  • Complete all sections of the farming business plan, including market analysis, financial projections, and operational strategies.
  • Seek funding options, such as loans, grants, or investors, and secure the necessary financing for your farming venture.
  • Identify suitable land for your farm and negotiate the purchase or lease agreement.
  • Conduct necessary soil testing and prepare the land for farming activities.
  • Source and purchase farming equipment, machinery, and inputs (seeds, fertilizers, livestock, etc.) required for your chosen agricultural activities.
  • Hire key personnel, such as farm managers, laborers, and administrative staff, as per your business plan’s organizational structure.
  • Establish relationships with suppliers and vendors to ensure a steady supply of inputs.

Operations: 6-12 Months

  • Initiate planting or livestock management based on the farming plan.
  • Implement appropriate cultivation techniques, crop rotation, or livestock management practices.
  • Monitor and adjust farming operations to optimize production.
  • Develop marketing strategies to promote farm products to target customers.
  • Implement sales channels, such as direct sales, farmers’ markets, online platforms, or partnerships with retailers or small restaurants.

Below is a helpful template from to get you started. Download your farming business plan template here.

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Cornell CALS - College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

12: Business Plans

What is a business plan.

A business plan is a document that helps you to organize and succinctly summarize the vision you have for your business. The plan contains the operational and financial objectives of a business, the detailed plans and budgets showing how the objectives are to be realized.

A good business plan will contain the following:

  • Your business vision, mission statement, key values, and goals
  • Description of the product(s) you intend to produce
  • Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats the business may experience are described
  • Production plans
  • Marketing plans
  • Estimated start-up costs
  • Information on your legal structure and management team
  • Current financial statements or projected financial statements.
  • Resume or brief explanation of your background and relevant experience
  • Less than 10 total pages so that people actually read it

Helpful Publications for Writing a Business Plan

General Business Resource Publications:

  • Starting an Ag-Business? A Pre-Planning Guide
  • Business Transfer Guide: Junior Generation
  • Producing a Business Plan for Value-Added Agriculture
  • Business Planning for the Agriculture Sector: A Guide to Business Plan Development for Start-up to Mid-size Operations pdf
  • Building a Sustainable Business (Sustainable Agricultural Research Education (SARE)Publications) 280 pages of education and practical exercises to guide you through the financial, management, and interpersonal skills needed to start a successful farm business. Order hard copy for $17 or download PDF online for free.

Cornell Cooperative Extension Publications for Specific Commodities:

  • Landscape Business Planning Guide
  • Writing a Business Plan: A Guide for Small Premium Wineries
  • Writing a Business Plan: An Example for a Small Premium Winery

Getting Help Writing a Business Plan

Cornell Cooperative ExtensionThe type of programming offered in each county is unique so contact your county extension office to see if they have a farm management or small business development educator. Often these educators offer business plan workshops and are willing to advise, review, or assist in writing your plan. Additional economic data and marketing tools can be found at the following website:
Cornell Small Farms Program Online Course BF 202: Business Planning The Cornell Small Farms Program offers 20+ online courses every year on many topics related to the production and business sides of farming. Most are taught by Cornell Cooperative Extension educators. BF 202 is a 6-week course that will guide you through the process of writing your business plan, with weekly live webinars and feedback on your plan from an experienced farmer.
New York State Small Business Development CenterA network of 23 regional centers delivering business counseling and training free of charge to New Yorkers who want to start a business or improve the performance of an existing business.
NY FarmNetNew York FarmNet has business plan writing publications (listed earlier in this fact sheet) in addition to farm counselors throughout the state who offer free and confidential help on any topic of concern, including: finances, farm changes, farm transfer, natural disaster, personal stress, family communication, and marital conflict.
Empire State Development’s Entrepreneurial Assistance ProgramProgramPart of New York State’s economic development agency, they have 9 centers across the state to provide specialized help to women, minority group members and persons with disabilities who are starting or operating an early stage business.1-800-STATE NY
SCORE “Counselors to America’s Small Business”SCORE is a nonprofit organization offering free business advice and training by experienced volunteers. Check the website for chapters in your area.
Federal Small Business AdministrationFederal agency with offices throughout the state providing counseling services and loan guarantees. They have a special emphasis area to work with women, minorities, veterans, and businesses involved in international trade.
AgPlanAgPlan is powerful website developed by the Center for Farm Financial Management at the University of Minnesota to help rural businesses develop a business plan.
USDA New Farmers WebsiteUSDA’s New Farmers Website provides a portal to various sites providing technical assistance for planning a business.

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Sample Farm Business Plan

business plans for farming

Writing a business plan is a crucial step in starting a farm. Not only does it provide structure and guidance for the future, but it also helps to create funding opportunities and attract potential investors. For aspiring farm business owners, having access to a sample farm business plan can be especially helpful in providing direction and gaining insight into how to draft their own farm business plan.

Download our Ultimate Farm Business Plan Template

Having a thorough business plan in place is critical for any successful farm venture. It will serve as the foundation for your operations, setting out the goals and objectives that will help guide your decisions and actions. A well-written business plan can give you clarity on realistic financial projections and help you secure financing from lenders or investors. A farm business plan example can be a great resource to draw upon when creating your own plan, making sure that all the key components are included in your document.

The farm business plan sample below will give you an idea of what one should look like. It is not as comprehensive and successful in raising capital for your farm as Growthink’s Ultimate Farm Business Plan Template , but it can help you write a farm business plan of your own.

Farm Business Plan Example – GreenAcres Harmony

Table of contents, executive summary, company overview, industry analysis, customer analysis, competitive analysis, marketing plan, operations plan, management team, financial plan.

At GreenAcres Harmony, we are embarking on an ambitious journey to revolutionize the way Bostonians experience farm products. Based in the heart of Boston, our mission is to provide the community with fresh, sustainably grown produce that not only nourishes the body but also supports the environment. By harnessing innovative farming techniques and a commitment to sustainability, we aim to establish a strong connection with our customers, offering them a taste of what truly fresh, quality produce can be. Our farm is not just a place of business; it’s a beacon for environmental stewardship and a testament to the power of community engagement in fostering a healthier, greener future.

Our journey to date has been marked by significant accomplishments and a clear set of success factors that underscore our potential for growth. Our dedication to sustainable farming practices has not only set us apart in the industry but has also fostered a deep sense of trust and loyalty among our customers. Our strategic location in Boston provides us with direct access to a vibrant and growing market of health-conscious consumers. Furthermore, our team’s expertise in both agriculture and business management has been instrumental in navigating the complexities of the market and positioning GreenAcres Harmony as a leader in the sustainable agriculture space. These factors, combined with our commitment to quality and sustainability, lay a solid foundation for our future success.

The agricultural industry, particularly the segment focusing on sustainable and locally grown produce, is experiencing a significant surge in demand. This trend is driven by an increasing awareness of environmental issues and a growing commitment among consumers to support practices that are beneficial to the planet. In Boston, this shift is particularly evident, with more individuals seeking out farm-to-table experiences and prioritizing the freshness and sustainability of their food. This evolving market landscape presents an opportune moment for GreenAcres Harmony, as our core values and business model align perfectly with the current consumer trends. Our focus on sustainability, coupled with the high quality of our produce, positions us to capture a substantial share of this growing market.

Our target customers are health-conscious individuals and families residing in Boston who prioritize quality, freshness, and sustainability in their food choices. These consumers are typically well-informed about the benefits of locally grown produce and are willing to invest in products that support their health and environmental values. Additionally, we cater to local businesses, such as restaurants and cafes, looking to enhance their menus with fresh, high-quality ingredients. Understanding the preferences and values of our target customers enables us to tailor our offerings and marketing strategies to meet their specific needs, fostering a loyal customer base committed to supporting local, sustainable agriculture.

Top Competitors: – Local Organic Farms: Offering a similar range of fresh, organic produce. – Big Agriculture: Competing on price and scale but lacking in local and sustainable practices.

Competitive Advantages: Our competitive edge lies in our unwavering commitment to sustainability and the quality of our produce. Unlike big agricultural companies, we focus on local, sustainable farming practices that resonate with our target market. Additionally, our direct engagement with the community through farm-to-table events and partnerships with local businesses sets us apart, creating a unique brand experience that cannot be replicated by our competitors.

Our marketing strategy emphasizes the exceptional quality, sustainability, and community focus of our products and services. By leveraging a robust online presence, including social media and a user-friendly website, we aim to connect with our customers on a deeper level, sharing our story and the benefits of sustainable farming. Our promotional efforts extend beyond the digital realm, with community engagement initiatives, participation in local farmers’ markets, and partnerships with local restaurants and cafes playing a crucial role in building our brand and expanding our reach. These efforts are complemented by public relations campaigns and sponsorships of community events, all designed to enhance our visibility and reputation in the market. Through a combination of online marketing, community engagement, and strategic partnerships, we aim to position GreenAcres Harmony as the go-to source for fresh, locally grown produce in Boston.

Our operations are centered around ensuring the highest quality and sustainability of our farm products. Key operational processes include sustainable farming practices, efficient supply chain management, and effective quality control measures. Milestones to be accomplished involve expanding our product range, increasing our market reach through partnerships, and achieving specific sustainability certifications that further validate our commitment to environmental stewardship. These operational strategies and milestones are designed to optimize our farm’s productivity and impact, ensuring that we not only meet but exceed our customers’ expectations.

Our management team comprises seasoned professionals with extensive experience in agriculture, business management, and sustainability. This diverse skill set ensures a holistic approach to running GreenAcres Harmony, from the day-to-day farm operations to strategic business planning and sustainability initiatives. Our team’s passion for sustainable agriculture and commitment to our community’s well-being are the driving forces behind our farm’s mission, guiding us towards achieving our goal of becoming a leader in sustainable farming in Boston.

Welcome to GreenAcres Harmony, a novel agricultural endeavor situated in the heart of Boston, MA. As a newly established farm, we pride ourselves on being a local source of high-quality produce and farm products. Recognizing the scarcity of premium local farms in our area, we have stepped up to fill this vital gap, aiming to serve the residents of Boston with the freshest and finest agricultural goods.

At GreenAcres Harmony, our offerings are diverse and cater to a wide range of dietary and culinary needs. Our product line includes a variety of fresh produce, ensuring that our customers have access to vegetables and fruits that are not only local but also surpass conventional quality standards. In addition to produce, we provide an assortment of dairy products, eggs, and meat products, all sourced from our farm where ethical and sustainable farming practices are paramount. Our apiary also allows us to supply honey, a natural sweetener and a kitchen staple for many of our customers. Our commitment to quality and freshness sets us apart and ensures that every item we sell is of the highest standard.

Located in the bustling city of Boston, MA, GreenAcres Harmony is strategically positioned to serve the local community efficiently. Our presence in Boston enables us to maintain close relationships with our customers, ensuring that we remain attuned to their needs and preferences. This proximity to our customer base is not just a logistical advantage but also fosters a sense of community and mutual support, which is central to our ethos.

Our confidence in the success of GreenAcres Harmony is grounded in several key factors. Firstly, our founder brings invaluable experience from previously running a successful farm, equipping us with the knowledge and skills necessary for our venture. Moreover, we stand out from our competitors by offering fresher and superior quality produce, dairy, eggs, meat, and honey. This commitment to excellence is what we believe will endear us to our customers and ensure our longevity in the market.

Since our inception on January 4, 2024, as a S Corporation, we have achieved several milestones that underscore our potential for success. Notably, we have developed a distinctive logo and company name that reflect our brand’s ethos and values. Additionally, we have secured an ideal location that not only facilitates our farming operations but also enhances our accessibility to customers. These accomplishments, while early in our journey, are indicative of our strategic approach and our dedication to establishing GreenAcres Harmony as a cornerstone of the Boston community.

The Farm industry in the United States is a significant sector of the economy, with a market size of over $400 billion. This industry includes a wide range of activities such as crop production, livestock farming, and agricultural services. The market size of the Farm industry is expected to continue growing steadily in the coming years, driven by increasing demand for food products, technological advancements in agriculture, and government support for the sector.

One of the key trends in the Farm industry is the growing popularity of organic and sustainable farming practices. Consumers are becoming more conscious of where their food comes from and are increasingly seeking out products that are produced in an environmentally friendly and socially responsible manner. This trend bodes well for GreenAcres Harmony, as a new Farm serving customers in Boston, MA, that focuses on sustainable farming methods and offers organic produce to its customers.

Another trend in the Farm industry is the increasing focus on local food production and distribution. Consumers are showing a preference for locally grown and sourced products, as they are perceived to be fresher, healthier, and better for the environment. GreenAcres Harmony, being located in Boston, MA, is well-positioned to take advantage of this trend by providing locally grown produce to its customers and establishing strong relationships with local restaurants, markets, and consumers.

Below is a description of our target customers and their core needs.

Target Customers

GreenAcres Harmony will target local residents in Boston, MA, who are increasingly seeking fresh, locally-sourced produce for their daily nutrition needs. This customer segment values sustainability and is willing to pay a premium for food that is grown in an environmentally friendly manner. By offering a range of organic fruits, vegetables, and other farm products, GreenAcres Harmony will cater to this growing demand among health-conscious consumers.

The farm will also attract families looking for fresh, high-quality ingredients to prepare their meals. Parents concerned with the nutritional value of their children’s diet will find GreenAcres Harmony’s offerings particularly appealing. The farm will tailor its product range to include kid-friendly options, making it easier for families to incorporate healthy eating habits into their routines.

In addition to serving individual consumers, GreenAcres Harmony will target local restaurants and small grocery stores seeking to differentiate themselves by offering locally-sourced, organic produce. Establishing partnerships with these businesses will not only expand the farm’s market reach but also strengthen the local food ecosystem in Boston, MA. This strategy will enable GreenAcres Harmony to become a key player in the community’s sustainable food movement.

Customer Needs

GreenAcres Harmony caters to the growing demand for high-quality fresh produce among Boston residents. Customers can expect a range of farm-fresh vegetables and fruits, harvested at the peak of their ripeness, ensuring maximum flavor and nutritional value. This emphasis on quality meets the desires of health-conscious consumers looking for nutritious food options.

In addition to fresh produce, GreenAcres Harmony provides a variety of dairy products, eggs, meat products, and honey, satisfying a broad spectrum of dietary preferences and needs. Customers appreciate the convenience of accessing a wide array of farm-to-table essentials under one roof. This variety ensures that households can enjoy fresh, wholesome meals, contributing to a healthier lifestyle.

Furthermore, GreenAcres Harmony understands the importance of ethical and sustainable farming practices in today’s environmentally aware society. Customers can trust that the products they purchase are produced with respect for the environment and animal welfare. This commitment not only fulfills the need for responsible consumption but also aligns with the values of many Boston residents, making GreenAcres Harmony a preferred choice for discerning shoppers.

GreenAcres Harmony’s competitors include the following companies:

Wilson Farm is known for its wide range of produce, including fresh fruits, vegetables, meats, and bakery items. They operate on a large scale and their products are available at competitive price points, making them accessible to a broad customer base. Wilson Farm is located in Lexington, MA, and serves the Greater Boston area, attracting customers looking for high-quality, locally-sourced food products. One of their key strengths is their reputation for quality and freshness, as well as their ability to offer a wide variety of products year-round. However, their size and focus on a broad market can sometimes lead to a less personalized shopping experience for customers seeking niche or artisanal products.

Meadow Mist Farm specializes in grass-fed meats, free-range eggs, and a selection of dairy products, including artisanal cheeses. They are based in Lexington, MA, and cater to customers prioritizing ethically raised and organic products. Their products are priced at a premium, reflecting the quality and sustainable farming practices used. Meadow Mist Farm serves a niche market of health-conscious consumers and those interested in supporting local, sustainable agriculture. Their key strength is their commitment to environmental stewardship and animal welfare, which resonates well with their target customer segment. However, their focus on a specific range of products and higher price points may limit their appeal to a broader audience.

Pakeen Farm, located in Canton, MA, offers a unique blend of products and services, including a pick-your-own operation for fruits like apples and pumpkins, a Christmas tree farm, and a farm stand selling a variety of local produce and goods. They serve customers in the Greater Boston area looking for family-friendly agricultural experiences as well as high-quality, locally-grown produce. Pakeen Farm’s pricing is competitive, especially for activities and experiences, which attracts a diverse customer base. Their strength lies in their ability to provide a multifaceted farm experience that combines retail with agri-tourism. However, their seasonal operations and dependence on weather conditions can be seen as a weakness, as it may affect their revenue and customer flow outside of peak seasons.

Competitive Advantages

At GreenAcres Harmony, we take pride in offering fresher and better quality fresh produce, dairy products, eggs, meat products, and honey compared to our competitors. Our commitment to sustainability and eco-friendly farming practices not only ensures the health and safety of our customers but also contributes to the preservation of our planet. We utilize organic farming techniques that enhance the nutritional value and taste of our products, making them superior in every aspect. Our close proximity to Boston allows us to deliver our products fresh, ensuring that our customers enjoy the full flavor and benefits of our offerings. This direct farm-to-table approach minimizes the time between harvest and consumption, which is a key factor in maintaining the freshness and quality of our products.

In addition to our premium product offerings, our innovative business model incorporates a customer-centric approach that sets us apart. We engage with our customers through community-supported agriculture (CSA) programs, farm tours, and educational workshops that foster a deeper understanding and appreciation for sustainable farming practices. By doing so, we not only build a strong, loyal customer base but also create a sense of community around our brand. Our dedication to transparency and ethical farming practices resonates with consumers who are increasingly conscious of the environmental and social impact of their purchasing decisions. Furthermore, our use of technology and data analytics allows us to optimize our operations and tailor our offerings to meet the specific needs and preferences of our customers, providing us with a significant competitive advantage in the Boston market.

Our marketing plan, included below, details our products/services, pricing and promotions plan.

Products and Services

At the heart of GreenAcres Harmony’s offerings is a wide range of fresh produce, encompassing everything from leafy greens to succulent fruits and crisp vegetables. This diverse selection caters to the needs of health-conscious consumers seeking nutrient-rich options. Prices for their fresh produce generally range from $2 to $4 per pound, reflecting both the quality and freshness that the farm prides itself on.

In addition to fresh produce, GreenAcres Harmony provides a variety of dairy products. Their range includes fresh milk, cheese, and yogurt, all produced from cows and goats raised in a natural and healthy environment. The prices for their dairy products are competitive, with milk selling for around $4 per half gallon, cheese priced at $6-$10 per pound depending on the variety, and yogurt at $5 per quart. These products are not only a testament to the farm’s commitment to quality but also to their dedication to sustainable farming practices.

Eggs are another staple at GreenAcres Harmony, offering consumers the choice of purchasing eggs sourced from chickens that roam freely in pastures. This free-range approach ensures that the eggs are not only fresher but also richer in nutrients compared to those from caged birds. The average price for a dozen eggs is set at $5, which is a reflection of their quality and the ethical farming practices employed by GreenAcres Harmony.

For those interested in meat products, GreenAcres Harmony offers a selection of beef, pork, and poultry. All their livestock are raised in a stress-free environment, allowing them to grow at a natural pace without the use of growth hormones or antibiotics. This results in meat that is not only healthier but also more flavorful. The prices for their meat products vary, with beef priced at around $10 per pound, pork at $8 per pound, and poultry at $6 per pound. These prices are indicative of the farm’s commitment to providing high-quality, sustainable, and ethically raised meat to the community.

Finally, GreenAcres Harmony produces honey, a sweet addition to their product lineup. Their honey comes from bees that pollinate the very crops and flowers on the farm, ensuring a product that is pure and of high quality. A 12-ounce jar of honey is priced at approximately $8, offering a natural sweetener option that supports local agriculture and promotes the health of the local ecosystem.

Overall, GreenAcres Harmony’s range of products and services is designed to meet the growing demand for locally sourced, sustainable, and ethical food choices. Their pricing strategy reflects their commitment to quality, sustainability, and the support of local agriculture, making them a valued addition to the Boston community.

Promotions Plan

GreenAcres Harmony embarks on an ambitious journey to captivate the hearts and palates of Bostonians with its array of fresh, sustainably grown farm products. Recognizing the vast potential and the competitive nature of the market, the farm employs a multifaceted promotional strategy designed to create a strong brand presence, foster community engagement, and drive sales. At the core of these efforts lies a robust online marketing strategy, complemented by a variety of other innovative promotional tactics.

Online marketing emerges as a pivotal component of GreenAcres Harmony’s promotional arsenal. The farm will leverage the power of social media platforms like Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter to connect with potential customers, share the farm’s story, and showcase its products through visually appealing content and engaging stories. Email marketing campaigns will serve as a direct channel to communicate with subscribers, offering them exclusive insights, promotions, and updates on the farm’s offerings. Furthermore, a user-friendly website will act as the digital storefront for GreenAcres Harmony, featuring an online shop where customers can conveniently purchase products, learn about sustainable farming practices, and stay informed about upcoming events and workshops.

Yet, online marketing is just the beginning. GreenAcres Harmony will also invest in community engagement initiatives to build meaningful relationships with local residents and businesses. Hosting farm-to-table events, workshops, and tours on-site will invite the community to experience the farm’s operations firsthand, fostering a deeper connection with the brand. Partnerships with local restaurants and cafes to supply fresh produce will not only expand the farm’s reach but also underscore its commitment to supporting local economies and sustainability.

To further amplify its visibility, GreenAcres Harmony will participate in local farmers’ markets and food festivals. These events offer invaluable opportunities to engage directly with customers, receive immediate feedback, and increase brand recognition through face-to-face interactions. Offering product samples and showcasing the quality and freshness of its produce will help GreenAcres Harmony stand out in a crowded marketplace.

Additionally, public relations efforts will play a crucial role in boosting the farm’s profile. Crafting press releases and working with local media outlets to feature stories about GreenAcres Harmony’s initiatives, achievements, and contributions to the community will enhance its reputation and credibility among consumers. Sponsoring local community events and initiatives will further demonstrate the farm’s commitment to giving back and supporting the well-being of its community.

In conclusion, GreenAcres Harmony’s promotional strategy is a comprehensive blend of online marketing, community engagement, participation in local events, and public relations efforts. By effectively implementing these tactics, GreenAcres Harmony expects to attract a loyal customer base, increase its market share, and contribute positively to the sustainability and health of the Boston community.

Our Operations Plan details:

  • The key day-to-day processes that our business performs to serve our customers
  • The key business milestones that our company expects to accomplish as we grow

Key Operational Processes

To ensure the success of GreenAcres Harmony, there are several key day-to-day operational processes that we will perform.

  • Monitoring and Adjusting Crop Health: We continuously monitor the health of our crops, using both traditional methods and modern technology. This includes checking for pests, diseases, and ensuring optimal soil conditions. Any issues are addressed immediately to prevent crop loss.
  • Harvesting and Post-Harvest Handling: Daily assessments determine which crops are ready for harvest. We then follow strict post-harvest handling protocols to ensure the produce remains fresh and high-quality until it reaches the customer.
  • Order Fulfillment and Delivery: We process customer orders promptly, organizing and packing produce for delivery. Our delivery system is optimized for efficiency, ensuring customers in Boston, MA, receive their orders in a timely manner.
  • Customer Service and Feedback: We maintain open lines of communication with our customers for inquiries and feedback. This helps us improve our services and resolve any issues swiftly.
  • Inventory Management: We manage our inventory closely, tracking produce availability and supply levels to meet customer demand without overproducing. This process includes forecasting demand based on historical data and current trends.
  • Quality Control: Every batch of produce undergoes quality control checks to ensure it meets our high standards. This includes visual inspections and, if necessary, taste tests.
  • Financial Management: Daily financial transactions are recorded and analyzed. This includes tracking income from sales and managing expenses such as labor, seeds, and equipment maintenance.
  • Equipment and Infrastructure Maintenance: Regular maintenance checks and repairs of our farming equipment and infrastructure ensure that operations run smoothly and efficiently without unexpected disruptions.
  • Marketing and Promotions: We engage in daily marketing activities to promote our farm and its products. This includes social media updates, email newsletters, and participation in local food markets.
  • Compliance and Sustainability Practices: We ensure all farming practices comply with local regulations and strive for sustainability. This involves water conservation, using organic farming methods, and reducing waste.

GreenAcres Harmony expects to complete the following milestones in the coming months in order to ensure its success:

  • Secure the Farm Location: Finalize the acquisition or lease of agricultural land within a reasonable distance from Boston, MA, ensuring that the land is fertile and suitable for the types of crops and livestock GreenAcres Harmony intends to produce.
  • Obtain Necessary Permits and Licenses: Navigate through local, state, and federal regulations to acquire all necessary permits and licenses required for farming operations, including but not limited to environmental, health, and business operating permits.
  • Build and Prepare Farm Infrastructure: Develop the necessary farm infrastructure, including irrigation systems, greenhouses, livestock enclosures, and storage facilities, ensuring that all structures are built to meet or exceed industry standards for sustainability and efficiency.
  • Launch Our Farm: Officially start farming operations by planting the first crops and/or acquiring the first batch of livestock. This launch includes initiating marketing efforts to build brand awareness within the target market of Boston, MA.
  • Establish Distribution Channels: Forge relationships with local markets, restaurants, and food distributors in the Boston area, as well as setting up an online sales platform, to ensure that GreenAcres Harmony has multiple avenues for selling its products directly to consumers and through B2B sales.
  • Implement Sustainable Practices: Fully integrate sustainable and eco-friendly farming practices into daily operations, such as composting, organic farming, water conservation techniques, and renewable energy use, to not only mitigate environmental impact but also to appeal to eco-conscious consumers.
  • Reach $15,000/Month in Revenue: Achieve the financial milestone of generating at least $15,000 in monthly sales from the sale of produce and livestock. This goal is critical for demonstrating the farm’s viability and supporting further growth and investment.
  • Develop a Loyal Customer Base: Through quality products, excellent customer service, and community engagement, build a loyal customer base that not only regularly purchases GreenAcres Harmony products but also advocates for the brand within their networks.
  • Evaluate and Expand Product Lines: Based on customer feedback and market demand, periodically evaluate the farm’s product offerings and consider expanding into new crops, livestock, or value-added products such as jams, cheeses, or meats to diversify income sources and meet market needs. Completing these milestones will position GreenAcres Harmony for long-term success by ensuring operational efficiency, regulatory compliance, market presence, and financial stability.

GreenAcres Harmony management team, which includes the following members, has the experience and expertise to successfully execute on our business plan:

Chloe King, President

Chloe King, President, brings a wealth of experience to GreenAcres Harmony, backed by a proven track record of success in the agricultural sector. Having successfully managed a farm previously, Chloe possesses a deep understanding of the operational, financial, and strategic facets of running a sustainable agricultural business. Her leadership skills, combined with her hands-on experience in farm management, position her perfectly to steer GreenAcres Harmony toward achieving its mission of sustainable farming and community engagement. Chloe’s ability to navigate the challenges of agricultural business, from crop production to market strategies, makes her an invaluable asset to the team and a key player in ensuring the long-term success of GreenAcres Harmony.

To reach our growth goals, GreenAcres Harmony requires significant financial investment. This funding will be allocated towards expanding our farming operations, enhancing our marketing efforts, and further developing our sustainability initiatives. Our financial plan outlines the need for capital investment to support these areas, ensuring that we can continue to provide our customers with high-quality, sustainable produce while also expanding our reach and impact within the community.

Financial Statements

Balance sheet.

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Income Statement

[insert income statement]

Cash Flow Statement

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Farm Business Plan Example PDF

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Farming Business Plan

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Agriculture is the one industry that consistently does well, irrespective matter the economic conditions of the world. So, for a stable income and career farming business is a great option.

Are you looking to start writing a business plan for your farming business? Creating a business plan is essential to starting, growing, and securing funding for your business. We have prepared a farming business plan template for you to help in start writing yours.

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Free Business Plan Template

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  • Fill in the blanks – Outline
  • Financial Tables

How to Write a Farming Business Plan?

Writing a farming business plan is a crucial step toward the success of your business. Here are the key steps to consider when writing a business plan:

1. Executive Summary

An executive summary is the first section of the business plan intended to provide an overview of the whole business plan. Generally, it is written after the entire business plan is ready. Here are some components to add to your summary:

  • Start with a brief introduction: Start your executive summary by introducing your idea behind starting a farming business and explaining what it does. Give a brief overview of the idea that how will your farming business will be different.
  • Market opportunity: Describe the target market in brief, and explain the demographics, geographic location, and psychographic attributes of your customer. Explain how your agriculture business meets its needs. Clearly describe the market that your business will serve.
  • Mention your services: Describe in detail the products and crops your agriculture farm produces. Also, incorporate all the details about the tools and equipment you will use keeping quality in mind.
  • Management team: Name all the key members of your management team with their duties, responsibilities, and qualifications.
  • Financial highlights: Provide a summary of your financial projections for the company’s initial years of operation. Include any capital or investment requirements, startup costs, projected revenues, and profits.
  • Call to action: After giving a brief about your business plan, end your summary with a call to action, for example; inviting potential investors or readers to the next meeting if they are interested in your business.

Ensure you keep your executive summary concise and clear, use simple language, and avoid jargon.

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2. Business Overview

Depending on what details of your business are important, you’ll need different elements in your business overview. Still, there are some foundational elements like business name, legal structure, location, history, and mission statement that every business overview should include:

  • The name of your farming business and the type of business you are running or will run: organic farming, agricultural farming, dairy farming, commercial farming, or something else.
  • Company structure of your farming business whether it is a proprietorship, LLC, partnership firm, or some other.
  • Location of your farm and the reason why you selected that place.
  • Mission statement: Add a mission statement that sums up your farming business’s objectives and core principles. This statement needs to be memorable, clear, and brief.
  • Business history: Include an outline of the farming business history and how it came to be in its current position. If you can, add some personality and intriguing details, especially if you got any achievements or recognitions till now for your incredible services.
  • Future goals: It’s crucial to convey your aspirations and your vision. Include the vision of where you see your agriculture in the near future.

This section should provide an in-depth understanding of your farming business. Also, the business overview section should be engaging and precise.

3. Market Analysis

Market analysis provides a clear understanding of the market in which your farming business will run along with the target market, competitors, and growth opportunities. Your market analysis should contain the following essential components:

  • Target market: Identify your target market and define your ideal customer. Know more about your customers and which products they prefer: meat, crops, vegetables, or some other products.
  • Market size and growth potential: Provide an overview of the agriculture industry. It will include market size, trends, growth potential, and regulatory considerations.
  • Competitive analysis: Identify and analyze all other agricultural farms nearby, including direct and indirect competitors. Evaluate their strengths and weaknesses, and explain how your farm can offer qualitative products.
  • Market trends: Analyze current and emerging trends in your industry, such as changes in technology, fertilizers, or customer preference. Explain how your farming business will cope with all the trends.
  • Regulatory environment: Describe any regulations or licensing requirements that affect the agricultural farm, such as safety codes, or hiring any agricultural engineer or food safety employee.

Some additional tips for writing the market analysis section of your business plan:

  • Use a variety of sources to gather data, including industry reports, market research studies, and surveys.
  • Be specific and provide detailed information wherever possible.
  • Include charts and graphs to help illustrate your key points.
  • Keep your target audience in mind while writing the business plan

4. Products And Services

The product and services section of an agriculture business plan should describe the specific services and products that will be offered to customers. To write this section should include the following:

  • List the products you will produce or sell, such as crops, fruits, flowers, livestock, or value-added products like cheese or jams.
  • Describe each product: Explain the features of your products, such as their quality, variety, and uniqueness. Also, discuss how your products will be packaged and marketed.
  • Emphasize safety and quality: In all descriptions of services and products, emphasize the importance of safety and quality. Explain how your farming business will ensure that all services and products are delivered with the highest standards of safety and efficacy.

Overall, the product and services section of a business plan should be detailed, informative, and customer-focused. By providing a clear and compelling description of your offerings, you can help potential investors and readers understand the value of your business.

5. Operations Plan

When writing the operations plan section, it’s important to consider the various aspects of your business operations. Here are the components to include in an operations plan:

  • Operational process: Explain the steps taken to produce your crops or raise your livestock. This can involve planting, fertilizing, watering, harvesting, looking after animals, and other activities.
  • Technologies: Make a list of the tools and equipment you’ll need to run your farm, including tractors, harvesters, greenhouses, barns, and processing machinery. Describe your plans for purchasing and maintaining your farming business.

By including these key elements in your operations plan section, you can create a comprehensive plan that outlines how you will run your farming business.

6. Management Team

The management team section provides an overview of the individuals responsible for running the farming business. This section should provide a detailed description of the experience and qualifications of each manager, as well as their responsibilities and roles.

  • Key managers: Describe the key members of your management team, their roles, and their responsibilities. It should include the owners, senior management, and any other farm manager, soil and plant scientist, agricultural salesperson, or someone else.
  • Organizational structure: Describe the organizational structure of the management team, including reporting lines and how decisions will be made.
  • Compensation plan: Describe your compensation plan for the management team and staff, including salaries, bonuses, and other benefits.
  • Board of advisors: If you have a board of advisors for your business, then mention them along with their roles and experience.

Describe your company’s key personnel and highlight why your business has the fittest team.

7. Financial Plan

When writing the financial plan section of a business plan, it’s important to provide a comprehensive overview of your financial projections for the first few years of your business.

  • Profit & loss statement: Create a projected profit & loss statement that describes the expected revenue, cost of products sold, and operational costs. Your farm’s anticipated net profit or loss should be computed and included.
  • Cash flow statement: Estimate your cash inflows and outflows for the first few years of operation. It should include cash receipts from clients, payments to vendors, loan payments, and any other cash inflows and outflows.
  • Balance sheet: Prepare a projected balance sheet, which shows the business’s assets, liabilities, and equity.
  • Break-even point: Determine the point at which your farming business will break even, or generate enough revenue to cover its operating costs. This will help you understand how much revenue you need to generate to make a profit.
  • Financing needs: Estimate how much financing you will need to start and operate your farming business. It should include both short-term and long-term financing needs, such as loans or investment capital.

Remember to be realistic with your financial projections, and to provide supporting evidence for all of your estimates.

8. Appendix

When writing the appendix section, you should include any additional information that supports the main content of your plan. This may include financial statements, market research data, legal documents, and other relevant information.

  • Include a table of contents for the appendix section to make it easy for readers to find specific information.
  • Include financial statements such as income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements. These should be up-to-date and show your financial projections for at least the first three years of your business.
  • Provide market research data, such as statistics on the size of the agriculture industry, consumer demographics, and trends in the industry.
  • Include any legal documents such as permits, licenses, and contracts.
  • Provide any additional documentation related to your business plans, such as marketing materials, product brochures, and operational procedures.
  • Use clear headings and labels for each section of the appendix so that readers can easily find the information they need.

Remember, the appendix section of your farming business should only include relevant and important information that supports the main content of your plan.

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This farming business plan sample will provide an idea for writing a successful farming business plan, including all the essential components of your business.

After this, if you are still confused about how to write an investment-ready agriculture business plan to impress your audience, then download our farming business plan pdf .

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400+ Business Plan Template Example

400+ Business Plan Template Example

How to make Business Plan Cover Page

How to make Business Plan Cover Page

Best Business Planning Tools

Best Business Planning Tools

Frequently asked questions, why do you need a farming business plan.

A business plan is an essential tool for anyone looking to start or run a successful farming business. It helps to get clarity in your business, secures funding, and identifies potential challenges while starting and growing your farming business.

Overall, a well-written plan can help you make informed decisions, which can contribute to the long-term success of your farming business.

How to get funding for your farming business?

There are several ways to get funding for your agriculture business, but one of the most efficient and speedy funding options is self-funding. Other options for funding are!

  • Bank loan – You may apply for a loan in government or private banks.
  • Small Business Administration (SBA) loan – SBA loans and schemes are available at affordable interest rates, so check the eligibility criteria before applying for it.
  • Crowdfunding – The process of supporting a project or business by getting many people to invest in your farming business, usually online.
  • Angel investors – Getting funds from angel investors is one of the most sought options for startups.
  • Venture capital – Venture capitalists will invest in your business in exchange for a percentage of shares, so this funding option is also viable.

Apart from all these options, there are small business grants available, check for the same in your location and you can apply for it.

Where to find business plan writers for your farming business?

There are many business plan writers available, but no one knows your business and idea better than you, so we recommend you write your farming business plan and outline your vision as you have in your mind.

What is the easiest way to write your agriculture business plan?

A lot of research is necessary for writing a business plan, but you can write your plan most efficiently with the help of any farming business plan example and edit it as per your need. You can also quickly finish your plan in just a few hours or less with the help of our business plan software.

About the Author

business plans for farming

Vinay Kevadiya

Vinay Kevadiya is the founder and CEO of Upmetrics, the #1 business planning software. His ultimate goal with Upmetrics is to revolutionize how entrepreneurs create, manage, and execute their business plans. He enjoys sharing his insights on business planning and other relevant topics through his articles and blog posts. Read more

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How to Start a Farm: Beginning Farmers and Ranchers

New to farming? Want to learn how to start a farm? USDA offers dedicated help to beginning farmers and ranchers. USDA considers anyone who has operated a farm or ranch for less than ten years to be a beginning farmer or rancher.

USDA can help you get started or grow your operation through a variety of programs and services, from farm loans to crop insurance, and conservation programs to disaster assistance.

On This Page

How to start a farm operation.

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Plan Your Farm Operation

1. Start here! Think about your operation from the ground up and start planning for your business.

Plan your farm

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Visit Your Service Center

2. Get in touch with your local Service Center to find programs to support your operation.

Visit A Service Center

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Fund Your Farm Operation

3. USDA has spent decades helping new producers find land and money for their businesses.

Fund your farm

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Build Your Business

4. Lean on USDA to help you build your operation with sound business and financial knowledge.

Build your Business

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Sell Your Farm Products

5. Explore everything about producing, marketing and actually selling your final product.

Sell your products

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Maintain Your Farm

6. Take care of your farm operation, and it will take care of you. USDA can help.

Maintain your farm

USDA Support for Beginning Farmers

From farm loans to crop insurance, and conservation programs to disaster assistance, USDA is here to support you and your operation.

Underlined Header Farmer Coordinators

Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coordinators are USDA team members in each state that can help you understand the USDA process and find the right assistance as you are starting out. Reach out to your state's coordinator for one-on-one technical assistance and guidance. They can also connect you with organizations that specifically serve beginning farmers and ranchers.

View Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coordinators

Underlined Header Service Centers

Your local USDA Service Center has staff who can meet with you one-on-one to help you identify USDA programs that meet the needs of your operation, including farm loans and conservation assistance. Service center staff can guide you through the process of preparing and submitting required paperwork, with no need to hire a paid preparer. 

If you need information in a language other than English, we offer free translation services .

Find Your Local USDA Service Center

Underlined Header Self-Service Options

After you've registered your farm and set up an individual customer record with your local USDA Service Center, you can sign up for a secure account to access a number of self-service features. For example, you can:

  • View loan information, history, and payments.
  • Get help requesting financial assistance.
  • View, upload, download and e-sign conservation documents.
  • Request conservation assistance.
  • View, print and export detailed farm records and farm/tract maps.

Learn More About Accounts

Tools for Farmers

Learn about conservation issues and build a list of concerns to discuss with a local USDA conservation specialist.

Learn about USDA disaster assistance programs that might be right for you by completing five simple steps.

Learn about the farm loans that might be right for you, check your eligibility, and get instructional help with the application forms.

Get Involved

In addition to our farm programs, there are many leadership opportunities for beginning farmers to contribute their voices and experience. Through USDA, you can take advantage of several key opportunities like committee elections, research and promotion programs, and federal advisory committees. 

Connect With Your Agricultural Community

Additional Resources

  • Blog: Beginning Farmers
  • Fact Sheet for Beginning Farmers
  • Have a Question? AskUSDA
  • Get Started! A Guide to USDA Resources for Historically Underserved Farmers and Ranchers
  • USDA Small and Mid-sized Farmer Resources
  • USDA CARES Partner Portal – Resources for underserved farmers, ranchers, and landowners and partners who work with them

Beginning Farmers Blog Posts

Ask the expert: beginning farmer and rancher q&a with lindsey abentroth, fridays on the farm: from veteran to beginning farmer, dashboard pilot: a gateway into farmer-focused data and information, usda’s support for beginning farmers and ranchers, ask the expert: new to farming because of the pandemic q&a with anne stephens, ask the expert: veterans transitioning to production agriculture q&a with chris groskreutz, ask the expert: beginning farmer and rancher q&a with sarah campbell, new feature enables usda customers to manage farm loans online, find your local service center.

USDA Service Centers are locations where you can connect with Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, or Rural Development employees for your business needs. Enter your state and county below to find your local service center and agency offices. If this locator does not work in your browser, please visit

Learn more about our Urban Service Centers . Visit the Risk Management Agency website to find a regional or compliance office  or to find an insurance agent near you.

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Farming Business Basics

A collection of tools, guides and information related to the business of agriculture. These resources are designed to help producers establish and sustain a profitable farm business

Get Started! A Guide to USDA Resources for Historically Underserved Farmers and Ranchers Get Started! A Guide to USDA Resources for Historically Underserved Farmers and Ranchers is a multi-agency publication that provides information on assistance and targeted opportunities available to minority, women, veteran, beginning and limited resource producers.

How to Start a Farm: Beginning Farmers and Ranchers New to farming? Want to learn how to start a farm? USDA offers additional assistance to beginning farmers and ranchers. USDA considers anyone who has operated a farm or ranch for less than ten years to be a beginning farmer or rancher. USDA can help you get started or grow your operation through a variety of programs and services, from farm loans to crop insurance and conservation programs to disaster assistance.

Farm Service Agency (FSA) Webinars Upcoming and past FSA webinars, covering topics like land, capital, market access, tax education, heirs’ property and more.

How to Start a Farm Checklist Use the New Farmers Checklist to understand the steps you might need to take before setting up your operation.

Beginning Farmers and Ranchers Outreach Coordinators USDA team members can help you understand the USDA’s process and find the appropriate assistance for your operation.

Small Farm Funding Guide Find links to full-text guides on how to start a small farm business and develop business and marketing plans. Learn more about funding programs for beginning and experienced farmers, technical assistance contacts, disaster assistance and organizations with available resources.

Planning Your Farming Business Key resources for planning, setting up and financing your business and preparing for your visit to a USDA Service Center.

Small and Mid-Sized Farmer Resources This page provides small and mid-sized producers valuable resources and program information about access to capital, land management and conservation practices, managing risk, finding local markets and other educational resources.

Outreach and Small Business Assistance The Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) offers vendor outreach sessions, hosts rural small business outreach events, helps foster small business connections, offers training for agency Contracting Officers and Program Managers, presents on small business contracting opportunities and provides one-on-one guidance to farmers and ranchers.

Solutions for Small-Scale Farms Fact Sheets Introductory fact sheets that provide an overview of NRCS’s technical services, conservation practices and management concepts. Topics include abandoned well plugging, fencing, forest farming and runoff management.

Conservation Technical Assistance and Resources Conservation technical assistance is the help NRCS and its partners provide to land users related to natural resource management. This page provides links to documents to assist with a variety of ecological and engineering issues such as rangeland health assessments, guidance for estimating soil moisture and more.

Collection of Conservation Assistance Resources Useful resources on conservation at USDA, including:

  • Conservation Concerns Tool to explore conservation issues impacting productivity
  • Conservation at Work Video series on the benefits of different conservation practices
  • Step-by-step process for accessing USDA Conservation Assistance

Key Programs Catalog To discover USDA conservation programs that may be right for you, visit the Key Programs Catalog.

NRCS Registry of Technical Service Providers Technical service providers (TSPs) offer planning, design and implementation services to agricultural producers such as farmers, ranchers and private forest landowners, on behalf of the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). This registry allows agricultural producers and private forest landowners to find a certified TSP in their area.

Disaster Recovery USDA is here to help you prepare for and recover from the impacts of natural disasters and market volatility. USDA provides a suite of disaster assistance programs to help offset losses as well as crop insurance and other coverage options to help manage risk and provide a safety net.

Crop and Livestock Insurance Helpful resources to make crop and livestock insurance information readily available, including:

  • Calculating premiums
  • Locating agents
  • Downloading files on demand
  • Policy and reinsurance agreement information
  • Insurance cycle details from the application process to the claims process

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) Learn more about NAP, a program that provides financial assistance to producers of noninsurable crops when low yields, loss of inventory, or prevented planting occur due to natural disasters.

One central entry point for you to access information and help from USDA. | [email protected] | 1-833-ONE-USDA

Page last updated: July 5, 2023

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New and Beginning Farmer Series: Writing a Farm Business Plan

Marcus Coleman

P3800_NBFarmerSeriesWritingaFarmBusinessPlan_rev_0422LL_MColemanpdf thumbnail

A farm business plan can fulfill several purposes for a farm owner, including:

  • Serve as an internal organizing tool used to communicate farm plans to individuals outside of the farm business.
  • Serve as an internal planning tool to assist in ongoing problem-solving related to farm challenges and opportunities.
  • Assist in making annual or seasonal marketing, operations, production and financial decisions.

There is no right or wrong format to use in writing a farm business plan. The primary objective is to effectively communicate what the farm business is about and the goals and strategy for business success. The plan must also convey the long-term feasibility of the farm business, supported with the vision of the farm owner as well as research related to the farm business and market environment that the farm owner seeks to participate in.

In writing a farm business plan, these steps can assist in constructing the plan:

Step 1: Write out the farm mission statement. The mission statement defines the farm business in the context of its primary business function, its products and how it seeks to produce them, its customers, and what unmet customer need it seeks to fill.

Step 2: Write out the farm vision statement. The vision statement states what the farm owner aspires the farm business to be in the future.

Step 3: Write out the farm values. Values explain how the farm business is going to conduct itself in the context of what and who it values.

Step 4: Provide an overview of the farm business. The overview will assist in assessing the farm business and provide a synopsis of what the farm business seeks to do and how it plans to achieve its goals. This overview should consist of the following:

  • The purpose of the farm business.
  • How the farm business can be managed into a successful operation.
  • The key farm business activities.
  • The important business and marketing opportunities as well as potential challenges to farm business success.
  • The funding that is required to start or expand the farm business. The farm owner should also prepare a budget that provides further detail.

Step 5: Write out the farm goals and include an action plan for each. Including goals and action plans in the farm business plan is necessary as they allow the farm owner to (a) clarify ideas, (b) focus efforts, (c) have a plan to use those time and resources productively, and (d) increase the chances of achieving those goals. Including goals also allows others to understand how the farm business plans to achieve success. There is no right or wrong number of goals to include, but the goals that are included must be attainable within the scope of the farm business.

Every goal must have an action plan that explains (a) who is responsible for the goal, (b) the tasks necessary to complete the goal and (c) when the goal should be completed. The farm owner should also develop a more detailed, step-by-step action plan for their farm goals for personal use. A simple format to highlight farm goals and associated action plans in the farm business plan is show in Tables 1-3.

Table 1. Short-Term Goals (1-3 years)

Short-Term Goal 1:Short-Term Goal 2:Short-Term Goal 3:
Action Plan 1:Action Plan 2:Action Plan 3:

Table 2. Intermediate Goals (4-6 years)

Intermediate Goal 1:Intermediate Goal 2:Intermediate Goal 3:
Action Plan 1:Action Plan 2:Action Plan 3:

Table 3. Long-Term Goals (7 or more years)

Long-Term Goal 1:Long-Term Goal 2:Long-Term Goal 3:
Action Plan 1:Action Plan 2:Action Plan 3:

Step 6: Provide an overview of the target customers and planned marketing strategy. The marketing planning process identifies the farm business’s target customers and the unmet customer need the farm business seeks to serve. The market planning process is summed into three questions:

  • Who is the target customer and why should the customer buy from the farm?
  • What are the farm business’s primary products?
  • What is the plan to promote the farm business to customers?

When defining who the target customer is, the farm owner must consider the following questions:

  • What types of customers are expected to buy the farm’s products?
  • When and how often might customers buy the products?
  • What benefits will the farm products offer customers?
  • Where will customers buy the products?

When developing a market strategy, the farm owner must also consider the following questions:

  • Why do people want/need the farm’s products?
  • What is the plan to attract customers and keep them coming back?
  • What are some marketing challenges that could be faced?

Table 4 highlights a format that can be used to present the marketing plan in the farm business plan.

Table 4. Marketing Plan

Describe the characteristics of the target customer.What are the marketing goals?How will products be promoted?
Why should the products be the first choice of customers?What is the plan to take advantage of market opportunities and deal with market threats?Where will customers buy the products?
What do customers gain from buying the products?How will the products be priced and what are the desirable product characteristics?How will success be measured?

For more information:

DiGiacomo, Gigi, Robert King and Dale Nordquist. 2003. Building a Sustainable Business: A Guide to Developing a Business Plan for Farms and Rural Businesses. College Park, MD: Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE).

Hunger, J. David and Wheelen, Thomas L. 2007. Essentials of Strategic Management. 4th Edition. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.

Author Information:

Marcus A. Coleman is the program director of the Grow Louisiana Beginning Farmer Training Program, Louisiana State University, LSU AgCenter.

Contact person for more details on this publication: [email protected].


This publication was developed as a part of the Grow Louisiana Beginning Farmer Training Program and supported by a U.S. Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture grant (Award # 2018-70017-28597).

Visit our website:

Luke Laborde, Interim LSU Vice President for Agriculture

Louisiana State University Agricultural Center

Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station

Louisiana Cooperative Extension Service

LSU College of Agriculture

Pub. 3800 (online) 04/22 rev.

The LSU AgCenter and LSU provide equal opportunities in programs and employment.

Have a question or comment about the information on this page?

Email marcus coleman, innovate . educate . improve lives.

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ADM, LG Chem Cancel Illinois Ventures

Archer Daniels Midland and LG Chem have cancelled plans to launch two joint ventures. (DTN file photo by Chris Clayton)

ADM, LG Chem Call Off Plans to Build Polylactic Acid Plant in Decatur, Illinois

Citing rising construction costs, Archer Daniels Midland and LG Chem canceled plans to build a new corn-based polylactic acid plant in Decatur, Illinois.

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Todd Neeley

LINCOLN, Neb. (DTN) -- Archer Daniels Midland and LG Chem have canceled two joint ventures that included the planned construction of a plant in Decatur, Illinois, which would have produced polylactic acid, and another joint venture that would have used corn to produce lactic acid, the companies announced on Friday.

The companies announced in August 2022 the launching of two joint ventures, including GreenWise Lactic and LG Chem Illinois Biochem.

GreenWise would have included production of up to 150,000 tons of corn-based lactic acid annually. ADM would have been the majority owner of that venture and was to contribute fermentation capacity from its Decatur bioproducts plant to the venture.

In the second venture, LG Chem owned the majority interest and planned to build a new facility that would have used lactic acid from the GreenWise venture to produce about 75,000 tons of polylactic acid per year.

"Since we originally announced our two joint ventures with LG Chem for lactic and polylactic acid in 2022, construction costs have skyrocketed," said Chris Cuddy, president of ADM's carbohydrate solutions business.

"We looked at a variety of options, but when the time came to make final investment decisions, it had become clear that these projects no longer represented a prudent use of our investors' capital that would meet our returns objectives."

Cuddy said in a statement that ADM "remains committed to leading in the decarbonization of the industries" in which the company operates.

"We also are continuing to advance multiple projects and facilities in support of innovation, jobs and economic growth for the Decatur region, the home of our North American headquarters and our largest manufacturing and employee location," he said.

Production at the new plant was originally set to launch in late 2025 or early 2026, according to the companies.

The joint venture offered a potential new corn market for farmers and was expected to create new jobs in the Decatur region.

When the companies originally announced the joint ventures, they pointed to a growing global demand for lactic acid as a reason for the projects.

Lactic acid is used in food, feed and cosmetics, as well as in bioplastics. As of 2021, that market was valued at around $2.9 billion with an expected annual growth rate of about 8%.

Global demand for bioplastics and biopolymers was projected to grow from about $10.7 billion in 2021 to $29.7 billion by 2026, according to the companies.

The companies had announced that they were participating in the state of Illinois' Economic Development for a Growing Economy program, which incentivizes companies to invest in the state's economy.

Todd Neeley can be reached at [email protected]

Follow him on social platform X @DTNeeley

(c) Copyright 2024 DTN, LLC. All rights reserved.

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When you run a farm, you’ve got to know all about growing things, including your business. A business plan will help. This selection of farm-related sample business plans will give you a head start on writing a business plan of your own.

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Chancellor Rachel Reeves is taking immediate action to fix the foundations of our economy

In her first speech as Chancellor, Rachel Reeves laid out plans to rebuild Britain and make every part of the country better off.

Rachel Reeves in front of the Union Jack.

Good morning.

Last week, the British people voted for change.

And over the last 72 hours I have begun the work necessary to deliver on that mandate.

Our manifesto was clear:

Sustained economic growth is the only route to the improved prosperity that country needs and the living standards of working people.

Where previous governments have been unwilling to take the difficult decisions to deliver growth…

… or have waited too long to act…

… I will not hesitate.

Growth [political content removed]. It is now our national mission.

There is no time to waste.

This morning I want to outline the first steps [political content removed] taken to fix the foundations of our economy.

So we can rebuild Britain and make every part of our country better off.

But first, let me address the inheritance.

I have repeatedly warned that whoever won the general election would inherit the worst set of circumstances since the Second World War.

What I have seen in the past 72 hours has only confirmed that.

Our economy has been held back by decisions deferred and decisions ducked.

Political self-interest put ahead of the national interest.

A government that put party first, country second.

We face the legacy of fourteen years of chaos and economic irresponsibility.  

That is why over the weekend I instructed Treasury officials to provide an assessment of the state of our spending inheritance so that I can understand the scale of the challenge. And I will present this to Parliament before the summer recess. 

This will be separate from a Budget that will be held later this year – and I will confirm the date of that Budget, alongside a forecast from the Office for Budget Responsibility, in due course.

All governments face difficult choices – and I will not shrink from those choices.

Those choices are made harder, however, by the absence of the economic growth necessary to not only balance the books but also to improve living standards.

New Treasury analysis that I requested over the weekend shows that, had the UK economy grown at the average rate of other OECD economies this last 13 years, our economy would have been over £140 billion larger.

This could have brought in an additional £58 billion in tax revenues in the last year alone. That’s money that could have revitalised our schools, our hospitals, and other public services.

Growth requires difficult choices – choices that previous governments have shied away from.

And it now falls to [political content removed] fix the foundations.

We have promised a new approach to growth – one fit for a changed world.

That approach will rest on three pillars – stability, investment, and reform.

Let me turn first to stability.

In the run-up to the general election, I set out the crucial first steps in our economic plans:

To deliver economic stability, so we can grow our economy and keep taxes, inflation and mortgages as low as possible.

And that commitment stands.

I emphasised this commitment in a meeting with the Governor of the Bank of England on Friday, and I will do the same when I meet the chair of the Office for Budget Responsibility this week.

These institutions are guarantors of our economic stability and I will not be playing games at their expense.

Over the weekend I made clear to Treasury officials that the manifesto commitments that we were elected on will be kept to and they will be delivered on.

That includes robust fiscal rules.

And it includes our commitments to no increases in National Insurance, and the basic, higher, or additional rates of Income Tax, or VAT.

Now I know there are some who will argue that the time for caution is past.

[Political content removed].

That a large majority in Parliament means we have the licence to row back on the principles of sound money and economic responsibility.

I know that many of you aren’t used to hearing this after recent years. But I believe that the promises that a party is elected on should be delivered on in government and we will do so.

We do not take lightly the trust of voters who have been burned too often by incompetence, irresponsibility, and recklessness.

And to investors and businesses who have spent fourteen years doubting whether Britain is a safe place to invest, then let me tell you:

After fourteen years, Britain has a stable government. A government that respects business, wants to partner with business, and is open for business.

In an uncertain world, Britain is a place to do business.

Let me turn to how we will unlock private investment that we so desperately need.

[Political content removed] …plans to launch a new National Wealth Fund, with a remit to invest – and so to catalyse private sector investment – in new and growing industries.

And in March, the former governor of the Bank of England, Mark Carney, agreed to lead a Taskforce on the establishment of a new National Wealth Fund.

I can tell you today that I have received the report from that Taskforce, and I will be announcing the next steps in short order.

Alongside investment must come reform.

Because the question is not whether we want growth, but how strong is our resolve – how prepared are we to make hard choices and face down the vested interests;

How willing, even, to risk short-term political pain to fix Britain’s foundations.

The story of the last fourteen years has been a refusal to confront the tough and responsible decisions that are demanded.

This government will be different.

And there is no time to waste.

Nowhere is decisive reform needed more urgently than in the case of our planning system.

Planning reform has become a byword for political timidity in the face of vested interests and a graveyard of economic ambition.

Our antiquated planning system leaves too many important projects getting tied up in years and years of red tape before shovels ever get into the ground.

We promised to put planning reform at the centre of our political argument – and we did.

We said we would grasp the nettle of planning reform – and we are doing so.

Today I can tell you that work is underway.

Over the weekend, I met with the Prime Minister and the Deputy Prime Minister to agree the urgent action needed to fix our planning system.

Today, alongside the Deputy Prime Minister, I am taking immediate action to deliver this [political content removed] government’s mission to kickstart economic growth;

And to take the urgent steps necessary to build the infrastructure that we need, including one and a half million homes over the next five years.

The system needs a new signal. This is that signal.

First, we will reform the National Planning Policy Framework, consulting on a new growth-focused approach to the planning system before the end of the month, including restoring mandatory housing targets.

And, as of today, we are ending the absurd ban on new onshore wind in England. We will also go further and consult on bringing onshore wind back into the Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects regime, meaning decisions on large developments will be taken nationally not locally.

Second, we will give priority to energy projects in the system to ensure they make swift progress…

… and we will build on the spatial plan for Energy by expanding this to other infrastructure sectors.  

Third, we will create a new taskforce to accelerate stalled housing sites in our country…

…beginning with Liverpool Central Docks, Worcester Parkway, Northstowe and Langley Sutton Coldfield, representing more than 14,000 homes.

Fourth, we will also support local authorities with 300 additional planning officers across the country.

Fifth, if we are to put growth at the centre of our planning system, that means changes not only to the system itself, but to the way that ministers use our powers for direct intervention.

The Deputy Prime Minister has said that when she intervenes in the economic planning system, the benefit of development will be a central consideration and that she will not hesitate to review an application where the potential gain for the regional and national economies warrant it.

… and I welcome her decision to recover two planning appeals already, for data centres in Buckinghamshire and in Hertfordshire.

To facilitate this new approach, the Deputy Prime Minister will also write to local mayors and the Office for Investment to ensure that any investment opportunity with important planning considerations that comes across their desks is brought to her attention and also to mine.

The Deputy Prime Minister will also write to Local Planning Authorities alongside the National Planning Policy Framework consultation, making clear what will now be expected of them…

…including universal coverage of local plans, and reviews of greenbelt boundaries. These will prioritise Brownfield and grey belt land for development to meet housing targets where needed.

And our golden rules will make sure the development this frees up will allow us to deliver thousands of the affordable homes too, including more for social rent.

Sixth, as well as unlocking new housing, we will also reform the planning system to deliver the infrastructure that our country needs.

Together, [political content removed] we will ask the Secretaries of State for Transport and Energy Security and Net Zero to prioritise decisions on infrastructure projects that have been sitting unresolved for far too long.

And finally, we will set out new policy intentions for critical infrastructure in the coming months, ahead of updating relevant National Policy Statements within the year.

I know that there will be opposition to this.

I’m not naïve to that;

And we must acknowledge that trade offs always exist: any development may have environmental consequences, place pressure on services, and rouse voices of local opposition.

But we will not succumb to a status quo which responds to the existence of trade-offs by always saying no, and relegates the national interest below other priorities.

We will make those tough decisions, to realise that mandate. 

Be in no doubt – we are going to get Britain building again.

We are going to get Britain’s economy growing again.

We will end the prevarication and make the necessary choices to fix the foundations:

We will introduce a modern industrial strategy, to create good work and drive investment in all of our communities.

We will reform our skills system, for a changing world of work.

We will tackle economic inactivity and get people back to work.

We will take on the hard work of reforming our public services, to make them fit for the future.

We will work closely with our national, regional and local leaders to power growth in every part of Britain.

And we will turn our attention to the pensions system, to drive investment in homegrown businesses and deliver greater returns to pension savers.

I know the voters’ trust cannot be repaid through slogans or gimmicks – only through action, only through delivery.

The Treasury I lead is proceeding on that basis.

I was appointed to this post less than 72 hours ago.

Upon my arrival, I told Treasury staff that the work starts straight away.

That work has begun.

I have commissioned and received economic analysis from HMT officials on the lost growth of the past 14 years, which I have set out today.

I have instructed Treasury officials to prepare an assessment of the state of our spending inheritance, to be presented to Parliament before the summer recess.

I have started working with the Prime Minister, to make the necessary preparations for the establishment of a Growth Mission Board, and that board will meet before summer recess, focused squarely on reviving our country’s economic growth and prosperity

I have established a new Growth Delivery Unit here, at the heart of  the Treasury.

I have received the recommendations of the National Wealth Fund Taskforce, and will shortly be announcing next steps.

There is much more to do.

More tough decisions to be taken.

You have put your trust in us.

And we will repay that trust.

The work towards a decade of national renewal has begun.

And we are just getting started.

Thank you very much.

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