Definition of 'change'

IPA Pronunciation Guide

change in British English

Change in american english, change in retail, examples of 'change' in a sentence change, more idioms containing change, cobuild collocations change, trends of change.

View usage for: All Years Last 10 years Last 50 years Last 100 years Last 300 years

Browse alphabetically change

  • change a bulb
  • change a lock
  • change a nappy
  • All ENGLISH words that begin with 'C'

Related terms of change

  • change down
  • change face
  • View more related words

Quick word challenge

Quiz Review

Score: 0 / 5


Wordle Helper


Synonyms of change

  • as in alteration
  • as in fluctuation
  • as in money
  • as in to modify
  • as in to vary
  • as in to exchange
  • More from M-W
  • To save this word, you'll need to log in. Log In

Thesaurus Definition of change

 (Entry 1 of 2)

Synonyms & Similar Words

  • modification
  • transformation
  • fluctuation
  • refashioning
  • metamorphosis
  • deformation
  • replacement
  • rectification
  • oscillation
  • displacement
  • substitution
  • transfiguration

Antonyms & Near Antonyms

  • stabilization
  • inconstancy
  • transmutation
  • transmogrification
  • vacillation
  • legal tender
  • money order
  • paper money
  • chump change
  • promissory note
  • folding money
  • pocket money
  • spending money
  • wherewithal
  • cashier's check
  • king's ransom

Thesaurus Definition of change  (Entry 2 of 2)

  • revolutionize
  • metamorphose
  • transfigure
  • deteriorate
  • turn around
  • interchange
  • reciprocate

Synonym Chooser

How is the word change different from other verbs like it?

Some common synonyms of change are alter , modify , and vary . While all these words mean "to make or become different," change implies making either an essential difference often amounting to a loss of original identity or a substitution of one thing for another.

When might alter be a better fit than change ?

Although the words alter and change have much in common, alter implies a difference in some particular respect without suggesting loss of identity.

When is it sensible to use modify instead of change ?

The synonyms modify and change are sometimes interchangeable, but modify suggests a difference that limits, restricts, or adapts to a new purpose.

Where would vary be a reasonable alternative to change ?

In some situations, the words vary and change are roughly equivalent. However, vary stresses a breaking away from sameness, duplication, or exact repetition.

Phrases Containing change

  • change of heart
  • change one's mind (about)
  • small change

Articles Related to change


'Handsome,' 'Geek,' and 8 More Words...

'Handsome,' 'Geek,' and 8 More Words That Changed Their Meanings

Language evolves

Thesaurus Entries Near change



Cite this Entry

“Change.” Thesaurus , Merriam-Webster, Accessed 12 May. 2024.

More from Merriam-Webster on change

Nglish: Translation of change for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of change for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about change

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

Play Quordle: Guess all four words in a limited number of tries.  Each of your guesses must be a real 5-letter word.

Can you solve 4 words at once?

Word of the day.

See Definitions and Examples »

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Popular in Grammar & Usage

More commonly misspelled words, your vs. you're: how to use them correctly, every letter is silent, sometimes: a-z list of examples, more commonly mispronounced words, how to use em dashes (—), en dashes (–) , and hyphens (-), popular in wordplay, the words of the week - may 10, a great big list of bread words, 10 scrabble words without any vowels, 8 uncommon words related to love, 9 superb owl words, games & quizzes.

Play Blossom: Solve today's spelling word game by finding as many words as you can using just 7 letters. Longer words score more points.

  • 1.1 Etymology
  • 1.2 Pronunciation
  • 1.3.1 Synonyms
  • 1.3.2 Derived terms
  • 1.3.3 Related terms
  • 1.3.4 Translations
  • 1.4.1 Collocations
  • 1.4.2 Synonyms
  • 1.4.3 Derived terms
  • 1.4.4 Related terms
  • 1.4.5 Translations
  • 1.4.6 See also
  • 1.5 References
  • 2.1 Etymology
  • 2.2 Pronunciation
  • 2.3.1 Derived terms
  • 2.4.1 Related terms
  • 2.5 Further reading
  • 3.1 Alternative forms
  • 3.2 Etymology
  • 4.1 Alternative forms
  • 4.2 Etymology
  • 4.3 Pronunciation
  • 4.4.1 Descendants

English [ edit ]

Etymology [ edit ].

From Middle English changen , chaungen , from Old French changier , from Late Latin cambiāre , from Latin cambīre , present active infinitive of cambiō ( “ exchange , barter ” ) , from Gaulish cambion , *kambyom ( “ change ” ) , from Proto-Celtic *kambos ( “ twisted, crooked ” ) , from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱambos , *(s)kambos ( “ crooked ” ) .

Cognate with Italian cambiare , Portuguese cambiar , Romanian schimba , Sicilian canciari , Spanish cambiar . Used in English since the 13th century. Displaced native Middle English wenden , from Old English wendan ( “ to turn, change ” ) (whence English wend ).

The noun is from Middle English change , chaunge , from Old French change , from the verb changier . See also exchange . Possibly related from the same source is Old English gombe .

Pronunciation [ edit ]

  • ( Received Pronunciation , General American ) enPR : chānj , IPA ( key ) : /t͡ʃeɪnd͡ʒ/
  • Rhymes: -eɪndʒ

Verb [ edit ]

change ( third-person singular simple present changes , present participle changing , simple past and past participle changed )

  • ( intransitive ) To become something different. The tadpole changed into a frog.   Stock prices are constantly changing .
  • 1590 , Edmund Spenser , “Book I, Canto I”, in The Faerie Queene.   [ … ] , London: [ … ] [ John Wolfe ] for William Ponsonbie , →OCLC , page 1 : Lo I the man, whoſe Muſe whilome did maske, / As time her taught in lowly Shepheards weeds, / Am now enforſt a far unfitter taske, / For trumpets ſterne to chaunge mine oaten reeds, / And ſinge of Knights and Ladies gentle deeds [...]
  • 2013 May 11, “The climate of Tibet: Pole-land”, in The Economist ‎ [1] , volume 407 , number 8835 , page 80 : Of all the transitions brought about on the Earth’s surface by temperature change, the melting of ice into water is the starkest. It is binary. And for the land beneath, the air above and the life around, it changes everything.
  • 2013 July-August, Catherine Clabby , “ Focus on Everything ”, in American Scientist : Not long ago, it was difficult to produce photographs of tiny creatures with every part in focus. [ … ] A photo processing technique called focus stacking has changed that. Developed as a tool to electronically combine the sharpest bits of multiple digital images, focus stacking is a boon to biologists seeking full focus on a micron scale.
  • ( transitive ) To replace . Ask the janitor to come and change the lightbulb.   After a brisk walk, I washed up and changed my shirt.
  • ( intransitive ) To replace one's clothing . You can't go into the dressing room while she's changing .   The clowns changed into their costumes before the circus started.
  • ( transitive ) To replace the clothing of (the one wearing it). It's your turn to change the baby.
  • 2020 December 2, Paul Bigland, “My weirdest and wackiest Rover yet”, in Rail , page 66 : After stopping at these stations, my train has become busy. Returning day-trippers make up a goodly number, along with young people heading for a night out in Bristol, which is where I change once again.
  • 1610–1611 (date written), William Shakespeare , “ The Tempest ”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies   [ … ] ( First Folio ), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard , and Ed [ ward ] Blount , published 1623 , →OCLC , [ Act I, scene ii ] : At the first sight / they have changed eyes. ( exchanged looks )
  • 1662 Thomas Salusbury , Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (Dialogue 2): I would give any thing to change a word or two with this person.
  • ( transitive ) To change hand while riding (a horse). to change a horse

Synonyms [ edit ]

  • ( to make something different ) : alter , modify , make another
  • ( to make something into something different ) : transform

Derived terms [ edit ]

  • a leopard cannot change its spots
  • alter or change
  • baby changing station
  • change by reversal
  • change course
  • change direction
  • change down
  • change hands
  • change horses in midstream
  • change horses in mid-stream
  • change integrity
  • change like seasons
  • change like the seasons
  • change one's battery
  • change oneself
  • change one's mind
  • change one's spots
  • change one's story
  • change one's tune
  • change one's ways
  • change over
  • change places
  • change sides
  • change someone's mind
  • change someone's tune
  • change tack
  • change the channel
  • change the game
  • change the leg
  • change the record
  • change the subject
  • changing of the guard
  • changing pad
  • changing room
  • changing table
  • chop and change
  • chopping and changing
  • climate-changing
  • don't change a winning team
  • everchanging , ever-changing
  • get changed
  • life-changing
  • money changing
  • never change a running system
  • presto change-o
  • the more things change, the more they stay the same

Related terms [ edit ]

Translations [ edit ], noun [ edit ].

change ( countable and uncountable , plural changes )

change dictionary meaning

  • 2008 , Nick Cave (lyrics and music), “Jesus Of The Moon”, in Dig, Lazarus, Dig!!! , performed by Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds: Cause people often talk about being scared of change / But for me I'm more afraid of things staying the same
  • 2013 May 11, “The climate of Tibet: Pole-land”, in The Economist ‎ [2] , volume 407 , number 8835 , page 80 : Of all the transitions brought about on the Earth’s surface by temperature change , the melting of ice into water is the starkest. It is binary. And for the land beneath, the air above and the life around, it changes everything.
  • ( uncountable ) Small denominations of money given in exchange for a larger denomination. Can I get change for this $100 bill, please?
  • 2010 December 29, Mark Vesty, “Wigan 2 - 2 Arsenal”, in BBC ‎ [3] : After beating champions Chelsea 3-1 on Boxing Day, Arsenal boss Arsene Wenger made eight changes to his starting XI in an effort to freshen things up, with games against Birmingham and Manchester City to come in the next seven days.
  • ( uncountable ) Balance of money returned from the sum paid after deducting the price of a purchase . A customer who pays with a 10-pound note for a £9 item receives one pound in change .
  • ( uncountable ) An amount of cash , usually in the form of coins , but sometimes inclusive of paper money. Do you have any change on you? I need to make a phone call. This bus ride requires exact change .
  • 2019 October, John Glover, “Heathrow rail expansion”, in Modern Railways , page 72 : It [the Elizabeth Line] will provide a 6tph (trains per hour) service and with a single change at Hayes & Harlington offer services towards Reading.
  • ( baseball ) A change-up pitch .
  • 1669 , William Holder , Elements of Speech: An Essay of Inquiry into the Natural Production of Letters:   [ … ] , London: [ … ] T. N [ ewcomb ] for J [ ohn ] Martyn printer to the R [ oyal ] Society ,   [ … ] , →OCLC : Four bells admit twenty-four changes in ringing.
  • 1727-1728 , Edward Burt , Letters from a Gentleman in the North of Scotland to his Friend in London They call an alehouse a change .

Collocations [ edit ]

  • Adjectives often applied to "change": big, small, major, minor, dramatic, drastic, rapid, slow, gradual, radical, evolutionary, revolutionary, abrupt, sudden, unexpected, incremental, social, economic, organizational, technological, personal, cultural, political, technical, environmental, institutional, educational, genetic, physical, chemical, industrial, geological, global, local, good, bad, positive, negative, significant, important, structural, strategic, tactical.
  • ( the process of becoming different ) : transition , transformation
  • a change is as good as a rest
  • baby change
  • ball change
  • breaking change
  • bureau de change
  • career change
  • change agent
  • change aversion
  • change management
  • change of air
  • change of clothes
  • change of heart
  • change of innings
  • change of life
  • change of mind
  • change of pace
  • change of scene
  • change of scenery
  • change of state
  • change of tack
  • change of tune
  • change of venue
  • change order
  • change purse
  • change-ringing
  • change ringing
  • change wheel
  • chemical change
  • chord change
  • chump-change
  • chump change
  • chunk of change
  • climate change
  • cool change
  • costume change
  • deflection change
  • fatty change
  • for a change
  • gear change
  • hour change
  • keep the change
  • loose change
  • minimal change disease
  • name change
  • phase change
  • physical change
  • pocket change
  • put the change on someone
  • quick-change
  • quick-change artist
  • regime change
  • seed change
  • shortchange
  • small change
  • sound change
  • spare change
  • step change
  • take your change out of that
  • technological change
  • time change
  • truck driver's gear change
  • wind of change
  • winds of change
  • ( transfer ) : interchange
  • exact change

See also [ edit ]

  • modification
  • plus ça change (, plus c'est la même chose) ( “the more things change, the more they stay the same” )
  • reorganization
  • transformation

References [ edit ]

  • John A. Simpson and Edmund S. C. Weiner , editors ( 1989 ), “change”, in The Oxford English Dictionary , 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press , →ISBN .

French [ edit ]

Deverbal from changer (corresponding to Old French change ). Compare Medieval and Late Latin cambium .

  • IPA ( key ) : /ʃɑ̃ʒ/

change   m ( plural changes )

  • donner le change
  • gagner au change
  • lettre de change
  • taux de change
  • first / third-person singular present indicative / subjunctive
  • second-person singular imperative

Further reading [ edit ]

  • “ change ”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [ Digitized Treasury of the French Language ] , 2012 .

Norman [ edit ]

Alternative forms [ edit ].

  • chànge ( Guernsey )

Borrowed from French change and English change .

  • ( Jersey ) change
  • ( Jersey , money ) exchange rate

Old French [ edit ]

  • cange ( Anglo-Norman )

Deverbal of changier .

  • IPA ( key ) : /ˈt͡ʃan.d͡ʒə/

change oblique singular ,  m ( oblique plural changes , nominative singular changes , nominative plural change )

  • change (difference between one state and another)
  • late 12th century , anonymous author, “La Folie de Tristan d'Oxford”, in Le Roman de Tristan , Champion Classiques edition, →ISBN , page 368 , line 289 : Fesum bargaine, fesum change Let's make a bargain, let's make an exchange

Descendants [ edit ]

  • English: change
  • French: change

change dictionary meaning

  • English terms inherited from Middle English
  • English terms derived from Middle English
  • English terms derived from Old French
  • English terms derived from Late Latin
  • English terms derived from Latin
  • English terms derived from Gaulish
  • English terms derived from Proto-Celtic
  • English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
  • English 1-syllable words
  • English terms with IPA pronunciation
  • English terms with audio links
  • Rhymes:English/eɪndʒ
  • Rhymes:English/eɪndʒ/1 syllable
  • English lemmas
  • English verbs
  • English intransitive verbs
  • English terms with usage examples
  • English transitive verbs
  • English ergative verbs
  • English terms with quotations
  • English terms with archaic senses
  • English nouns
  • English uncountable nouns
  • English countable nouns
  • en:Baseball
  • Scottish English
  • English dated terms
  • French terms derived from Old French
  • French 1-syllable words
  • French terms with IPA pronunciation
  • French lemmas
  • French nouns
  • French countable nouns
  • French masculine nouns
  • French non-lemma forms
  • French verb forms
  • Norman terms borrowed from French
  • Norman terms derived from French
  • Norman terms borrowed from English
  • Norman terms derived from English
  • Norman lemmas
  • Norman nouns
  • Norman masculine nouns
  • Jersey Norman
  • Old French terms with IPA pronunciation
  • Old French lemmas
  • Old French nouns
  • Old French masculine nouns
  • Old French terms with quotations
  • Latin links with redundant target parameters
  • English entries with topic categories using raw markup
  • Requests for translations into Aragonese
  • Cantonese terms with redundant transliterations
  • Mandarin terms with redundant transliterations
  • Latin links with redundant wikilinks
  • Requests for translations into Mirandese
  • Requests for translations into Somali
  • Lhao Vo terms in nonstandard scripts
  • Yiddish terms with non-redundant manual transliterations
  • Requests for translations into Dhivehi
  • Requests for review of Indonesian translations
  • Requests for review of Interlingua translations
  • Requests for review of Kannada translations
  • Requests for review of Korean translations
  • Requests for review of Spanish translations
  • Requests for review of Volapük translations
  • Hebrew links with redundant target parameters
  • Requests for translations into Malay
  • Requests for translations into Estonian
  • Requests for translations into Latvian
  • Requests for translations into Mongolian
  • Requests for translations into Lithuanian
  • Requests for review of Norman translations
  • French undefined derivations

Navigation menu

Arab States

Asia and the pacific, europe & central asia, latin america & the caribbean.

You’re using an outdated browser. Old browsers are unstable, unsafe and do not support the features of of this website. Please upgrade to continue.

Your browser does not support JavaScript. This site relies on JavaScript to structure its navigation and load images across all pages. Please enable JavaScript to continue.

What is climate change mitigation and why is it urgent?

  • Share on LinkedIn
  • Share on Facebook
  • Share on twitter
  • Share via email

What is climate change mitigation and why is it urgent?

  • Climate change mitigation involves actions to reduce or prevent greenhouse gas emissions from human activities.
  • Mitigation efforts include transitioning to renewable energy sources, enhancing energy efficiency, adopting regenerative agricultural practices and protecting and restoring forests and critical ecosystems.
  • Effective mitigation requires a whole-of-society approach and structural transformations to reduce emissions and limit global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.
  • International cooperation, for example through the Paris Agreement, is crucial in guiding and achieving global and national mitigation goals.
  • Mitigation efforts face challenges such as the world's deep-rooted dependency on fossil fuels, the increased demand for new mineral resources and the difficulties in revamping our food systems.
  • These challenges also offer opportunities to improve resilience and contribute to sustainable development.

What is climate change mitigation?

Climate change mitigation refers to any action taken by governments, businesses or people to reduce or prevent greenhouse gases, or to enhance carbon sinks that remove them from the atmosphere. These gases trap heat from the sun in our planet’s atmosphere, keeping it warm. 

Since the industrial era began, human activities have led to the release of dangerous levels of greenhouse gases, causing global warming and climate change. However, despite unequivocal research about the impact of our activities on the planet’s climate and growing awareness of the severe danger climate change poses to our societies, greenhouse gas emissions keep rising. If we can slow down the rise in greenhouse gases, we can slow down the pace of climate change and avoid its worst consequences.

Reducing greenhouse gases can be achieved by:

  • Shifting away from fossil fuels : Fossil fuels are the biggest source of greenhouse gases, so transitioning to modern renewable energy sources like solar, wind and geothermal power, and advancing sustainable modes of transportation, is crucial.
  • Improving energy efficiency : Using less energy overall – in buildings, industries, public and private spaces, energy generation and transmission, and transportation – helps reduce emissions. This can be achieved by using thermal comfort standards, better insulation and energy efficient appliances, and by improving building design, energy transmission systems and vehicles.
  • Changing agricultural practices : Certain farming methods release high amounts of methane and nitrous oxide, which are potent greenhouse gases. Regenerative agricultural practices – including enhancing soil health, reducing livestock-related emissions, direct seeding techniques and using cover crops – support mitigation, improve resilience and decrease the cost burden on farmers.
  • The sustainable management and conservation of forests : Forests act as carbon sinks , absorbing carbon dioxide and reducing the overall concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Measures to reduce deforestation and forest degradation are key for climate mitigation and generate multiple additional benefits such as biodiversity conservation and improved water cycles.
  • Restoring and conserving critical ecosystems : In addition to forests, ecosystems such as wetlands, peatlands, and grasslands, as well as coastal biomes such as mangrove forests, also contribute significantly to carbon sequestration, while supporting biodiversity and enhancing climate resilience.
  • Creating a supportive environment : Investments, policies and regulations that encourage emission reductions, such as incentives, carbon pricing and limits on emissions from key sectors are crucial to driving climate change mitigation.

Photo: Stephane Bellerose/UNDP Mauritius

Photo: Stephane Bellerose/UNDP Mauritius

Photo: La Incre and Lizeth Jurado/PROAmazonia

Photo: La Incre and Lizeth Jurado/PROAmazonia

What is the 1.5°C goal and why do we need to stick to it?

In 2015, 196 Parties to the UN Climate Convention in Paris adopted the Paris Agreement , a landmark international treaty, aimed at curbing global warming and addressing the effects of climate change. Its core ambition is to cap the rise in global average temperatures to well below 2°C above levels observed prior to the industrial era, while pursuing efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C.

The 1.5°C goal is extremely important, especially for vulnerable communities already experiencing severe climate change impacts. Limiting warming below 1.5°C will translate into less extreme weather events and sea level rise, less stress on food production and water access, less biodiversity and ecosystem loss, and a lower chance of irreversible climate consequences.

To limit global warming to the critical threshold of 1.5°C, it is imperative for the world to undertake significant mitigation action. This requires a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 45 percent before 2030 and achieving net-zero emissions by mid-century.

What are the policy instruments that countries can use to drive mitigation?

Everyone has a role to play in climate change mitigation, from individuals adopting sustainable habits and advocating for change to governments implementing regulations, providing incentives and facilitating investments. The private sector, particularly those businesses and companies responsible for causing high emissions, should take a leading role in innovating, funding and driving climate change mitigation solutions. 

International collaboration and technology transfer is also crucial given the global nature and size of the challenge. As the main platform for international cooperation on climate action, the Paris Agreement has set forth a series of responsibilities and policy tools for its signatories. One of the primary instruments for achieving the goals of the treaty is Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) . These are the national climate pledges that each Party is required to develop and update every five years. NDCs articulate how each country will contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and enhance climate resilience.   While NDCs include short- to medium-term targets, long-term low emission development strategies (LT-LEDS) are policy tools under the Paris Agreement through which countries must show how they plan to achieve carbon neutrality by mid-century. These strategies define a long-term vision that gives coherence and direction to shorter-term national climate targets.

Photo: Mucyo Serge/UNDP Rwanda

Photo: Mucyo Serge/UNDP Rwanda

Photo: William Seal/UNDP Sudan

Photo: William Seal/UNDP Sudan

At the same time, the call for climate change mitigation has evolved into a call for reparative action, where high-income countries are urged to rectify past and ongoing contributions to the climate crisis. This approach reflects the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which advocates for climate justice, recognizing the unequal historical responsibility for the climate crisis, emphasizing that wealthier countries, having profited from high-emission activities, bear a greater obligation to lead in mitigating these impacts. This includes not only reducing their own emissions, but also supporting vulnerable countries in their transition to low-emission development pathways.

Another critical aspect is ensuring a just transition for workers and communities that depend on the fossil fuel industry and its many connected industries. This process must prioritize social equity and create alternative employment opportunities as part of the shift towards renewable energy and more sustainable practices.

For emerging economies, innovation and advancements in technology have now demonstrated that robust economic growth can be achieved with clean, sustainable energy sources. By integrating renewable energy technologies such as solar, wind and geothermal power into their growth strategies, these economies can reduce their emissions, enhance energy security and create new economic opportunities and jobs. This shift not only contributes to global mitigation efforts but also sets a precedent for sustainable development.

What are some of the challenges slowing down climate change mitigation efforts?

Mitigating climate change is fraught with complexities, including the global economy's deep-rooted dependency on fossil fuels and the accompanying challenge of eliminating fossil fuel subsidies. This reliance – and the vested interests that have a stake in maintaining it – presents a significant barrier to transitioning to sustainable energy sources.

The shift towards decarbonization and renewable energy is driving increased demand for critical minerals such as copper, lithium, nickel, cobalt, and rare earth metals. Since new mining projects can take up to 15 years to yield output, mineral supply chains could become a bottleneck for decarbonization efforts. In addition, these minerals are predominantly found in a few, mostly low-income countries, which could heighten supply chain vulnerabilities and geopolitical tensions.

Furthermore, due to the significant demand for these minerals and the urgency of the energy transition, the scaled-up investment in the sector has the potential to exacerbate environmental degradation, economic and governance risks, and social inequalities, affecting the rights of Indigenous Peoples, local communities, and workers. Addressing these concerns necessitates implementing social and environmental safeguards, embracing circular economy principles, and establishing and enforcing responsible policies and regulations .

Agriculture is currently the largest driver of deforestation worldwide. A transformation in our food systems to reverse the impact that agriculture has on forests and biodiversity is undoubtedly a complex challenge. But it is also an important opportunity. The latest IPCC report highlights that adaptation and mitigation options related to land, water and food offer the greatest potential in responding to the climate crisis. Shifting to regenerative agricultural practices will not only ensure a healthy, fair and stable food supply for the world’s population, but also help to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.  

Photo: UNDP India

Photo: UNDP India

Photo: Nino Zedginidze/UNDP Georgia

Photo: Nino Zedginidze/UNDP Georgia

What are some examples of climate change mitigation?

In Mauritius , UNDP, with funding from the Green Climate Fund, has supported the government to install battery energy storage capacity that has enabled 50 MW of intermittent renewable energy to be connected to the grid, helping to avoid 81,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide annually. 

In Indonesia , UNDP has been working with the government for over a decade to support sustainable palm oil production. In 2019, the country adopted a National Action Plan on Sustainable Palm Oil, which was collaboratively developed by government, industry and civil society representatives. The plan increased the adoption of practices to minimize the adverse social and environmental effects of palm oil production and to protect forests. Since 2015, 37 million tonnes of direct greenhouse gas emissions have been avoided and 824,000 hectares of land with high conservation value have been protected.

In Moldova and Paraguay , UNDP has helped set up Green City Labs that are helping build more sustainable cities. This is achieved by implementing urban land use and mobility planning, prioritizing energy efficiency in residential buildings, introducing low-carbon public transport, implementing resource-efficient waste management, and switching to renewable energy sources. 

UNDP has supported the governments of Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Indonesia to implement results-based payments through the REDD+ (Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries) framework. These include payments for environmental services and community forest management programmes that channel international climate finance resources to local actors on the ground, specifically forest communities and Indigenous Peoples. 

UNDP is also supporting small island developing states like the Comoros to invest in renewable energy and sustainable infrastructure. Through the Africa Minigrids Program , solar minigrids will be installed in two priority communities, Grand Comore and Moheli, providing energy access through distributed renewable energy solutions to those hardest to reach.

And in South Africa , a UNDP initative to boost energy efficiency awareness among the general population and improve labelling standards has taken over commercial shopping malls.

What is climate change mitigation and why is it urgent?

What is UNDP’s role in supporting climate change mitigation?

UNDP aims to assist countries with their climate change mitigation efforts, guiding them towards sustainable, low-carbon and climate-resilient development. This support is in line with achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly those related to affordable and clean energy (SDG7), sustainable cities and communities (SDG11), and climate action (SDG13). Specifically, UNDP’s offer of support includes developing and improving legislation and policy, standards and regulations, capacity building, knowledge dissemination, and financial mobilization for countries to pilot and scale-up mitigation solutions such as renewable energy projects, energy efficiency initiatives and sustainable land-use practices. 

With financial support from the Global Environment Facility and the Green Climate Fund, UNDP has an active portfolio of 94 climate change mitigation projects in 69 countries. These initiatives are not only aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, but also at contributing to sustainable and resilient development pathways.

Explore More Stories

Pacific shores, solar solutions: harnessing renewable energy in the pacific islands.

Photo: Yuichi Ishida/UNDP Timor-Leste

Photo: Yuichi Ishida/UNDP Timor-Leste

West Africa has great potential for solar energy. It’s time to release it.

Two men installing solar panels in Niger

Photo: UNDP Niger

Electric vehicles are driving a greener future in Viet Nam

Ho Tuan Anh delivers goods with his new e-motorbike

Ho Tuan Anh delivers goods with his new e-motorbike. Photo by: Phan Huong Giang/UNDP Viet Nam

Why the Western Balkans are choosing decarbonization

Carbon-intensive industries in Bosnia and Herzegovina are pursuing decarbonization

Photo: UNDP Bosnia and Herzegovina

Six lessons on how to achieve future-smart energy efficient buildings 

Solar photovoltaic systems on roofs in Lebanon.

Solar photovoltaic systems on roofs in Lebanon. Photo: Fouad Choufany / UNDP Lebanon

Six ways to achieve sustainable energy for all

Six ways to achieve sustainable energy for all

Photo: UNDP Zimbabwe

'The world has changed': WeChat, snakeheads and the new era of global migration

JACUMBA HOT SPRINGS, Calif. — Shortly after dawn, in the desert east of San Diego, a group of migrants huddled around a campfire. They had come together on this desolate stretch of the U.S.-Mexico border from four different continents: Young men from India shared snacks with women from Nicaragua, while a man from Georgia stood next to a family from Brazil.

A volunteer with a local humanitarian group hauled over a beverage cooler filled with papers: legal information printed in 22 different languages. As he handed them out — in Gujarati, Spanish, Portuguese and Russian — he said, “Welcome to the United States.”

This is the new normal of migration to the southern border: What was once mostly a regional phenomenon has become truly global, with the share of migrants coming from the four closest countries dropping and the number from elsewhere around the world increasing.

An NBC News analysis of newly released data from the Department of Homeland Security shows a fundamental shift. Before the pandemic, roughly 9 in 10 migrants crossing the border illegally (that is, between ports of entry) came from Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador — the four countries closest to the border. Those countries no longer hold the majority: As of 2023, for the first time since the U.S. has collected such data, half of all migrants who cross the border now come from elsewhere globally.

The greatest numbers have come from countries farther away in the Americas that have never before sent migrants to the border at this scale. In the 2019 fiscal year, for example, the number of Colombians apprehended illegally crossing the border was 400. In fiscal 2023, it exploded to 154,080 — a nearly four-hundred-fold increase.

But they come, too, from countries in Africa, Eastern Europe and every region in Asia. There have been dramatic increases in the number of migrants from the world’s most populous countries: Between fiscal 2019 and 2023, the number of migrants from China and India grew more than elevenfold and fivefold, respectively. And some countries that previously sent negligible numbers of migrants to the U.S. border have seen staggering increases. In fiscal 2019, the total number of people from the northwest African nation of Mauritania apprehended at the border was 20. Four years later, that number was 15,260. For migrants from Turkey, the number went from 60 to 15,430. The list goes on: More than 50 nationalities saw apprehensions multiplied by a hundred or more.

Experts and U.S. government officials attribute this explosive growth in large part to the pandemic, which provoked mass migration around the world, adding serious challenges to an immigration system already beleaguered by a decade of severe backlogs. Another major factor is the massive expansion of transcontinental smuggling networks, itself fueled by widespread digital technology.These shifting migration flows account for a significant portion of the record-breaking numbers at the border that have dominated this year’s election cycle. They amount to a major reorganization of global migration patterns — and a paradigm shift for U.S. immigration policy and international relations.

“Fundamentally, our system is not equipped to deal with migration as it exists now, not just this year and last year and the year before, but for years preceding us,” Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas said in an interview with NBC News. “We have a system that was last modified in 1996. We’re in 2024 now. The world has changed.”

A sophisticated Chinese snakehead network illustrates a new era in migration

The landscape around Jacumba Hot Springs, a town of fewer than 600 people near the eastern edge of San Diego County, is rocky and mountainous. The steel border fence stops at several points where the ground rises into sharp, ragged inclines dotted with boulders, leaving spaces easy for migrants to squeeze through. Border authorities routinely block these gaps with razor wire only for smugglers to snip them open again.

surge of chinese migrants NN video

One afternoon in March, a group of about 30 migrants from China clambered through one such gap and into the United States. Among them was Wei Bin, a middle-aged man from the port city of Tianjin who traveled with his 14-year-old son. Wei said the economic damage wrought by the pandemic, coupled with China’s repressive zero-Covid policies, had led him to the conclusion that his home country offered no viable future for his son.So they took off for the United States. In an interview with NBC News, Wei described their 45-day journey: They flew first to Ecuador, one of the few countries in the Americas that accept visa-free travel from China, and from there they moved painstakingly north.

The trip was arranged by Chinese smugglers known as snakeheads. Wei never saw his snakeheads, and he knew nothing about them — he communicated with them exclusively via WeChat and paid for everything online. The smugglers’ services cost him around $10,000 per person, and in return, he received precise instructions on where and how to meet with an interlocking series of local contacts, often members of pre-existing criminal smuggling networks based in each of the countries he traveled through. It was these smugglers — Ecuadorians, Colombians, Mexicans — who did the actual work of moving Wei and his son from one place to another.

The journey was not easy. Somewhere in Colombia, the first snakehead stopped responding to Wei’s messages, scamming him out of thousands of dollars and leaving him stranded until he got the contact for a new snakehead from another Chinese migrant on the trail. And while Wei and his son were in a small boat circumventing a portion of the infamous Darien Gap — a dense stretch of jungle between Colombia and Panama — they watched another boat full of migrants capsize.

“I would not recommend anyone undertake the route that we just took,” Wei said. “It’s too perilous.”

surge of chinese migrants NN video

China offers one of the most illustrative examples of this new era of global migration. Between 2014 and 2022, the average number of Chinese citizens who crossed the southern border without papers in a given year was around 1,400. In 2023, that number grew to 24,050.This would not have been possible without transcontinental smuggling networks like the ones used by Wei and his son. Though these networks have existed in some form for decades, they have grown dramatically in scale and organization.

“Different networks often specialize in specific nationalities,” said Adam Isacson, an expert on migration to the U.S.-Mexico border at the Washington Office on Latin America think tank. “So if you’re Somali, you arrive in Quito and join a group of Somalis that’s already underway. One smuggler hands you off to another, and the network of relationships goes all the way up to the U.S.-Mexico border.”

The industry owes much of its growth to technology. The world’s migrants are now equipped with cheap smartphones that allow for frictionless communication and payments. Smugglers advertise widely on TikTok, WeChat, WhatsApp or whichever platform is popular in the country they’re targeting.

NBC News obtained access to the WeChat profile of one Chinese snakehead who claims to have moved over 100 people to the U.S. in the last year. He regularly posts videos of migrants on the trail meant to entice new customers. The videos make the journey look easy: smiling men flashing a thumbs-up outside hotels in Mexico, families riding calmly on buses. In one video, a woman crosses the border into the U.S. and shouts, “We finally crossed!” in Mandarin as her small child shouts joyfully in the background.

Experts and U.S. law enforcement officials describe these networks as loosely but intricately connected, comprising both illicit actors and legitimate businesses like travel agencies and bus lines. At certain key junctures, they are controlled by the most powerful criminal organizations in the Americas.

The Colombian side of the Darien Gap , for example, was recently taken over by the Gulf Clan, a notoriously violent narco-paramilitary cartel widely thought to be the largest cocaine exporter in the world. As a result, the Darien jungle, once considered nearly impassable, is now a route for mass migration traversed by hundreds of thousands of people a year. The opening up of this stretch of jungle alone likely accounts for a substantial share of the rise in global arrivals at the border.

“In 2021, the gateway to the Darien was just local Afro-Colombian and Indigenous people working as guides.” Isacson said. “By 2022, the Gulf Clan took over, and you suddenly had a clear route. They were advertising, there were people there ready to take your money, and it was all much more organized.”

It was this vast, global network of interlocking smugglers that moved Wei and his son along their way to the U.S. They eventually made it to Tapachula, in southernmost Mexico, where they boarded a domestic flight to Tijuana. There, once again, they were in the hands of powerful criminal organizations: According to U.S. officials, the smuggling business on the south side of the U.S.-Mexico border is currently dominated by the Sinaloa and Jalisco New Generation cartels.

Along with the larger group of about 30 Chinese migrants, Wei and his son spent the night in a run-down safehouse minutes from the border. “Conditions were very poor, and we only got the basics, like water and soup,” Wei said. “If we wanted anything more, we had to pay.”

The next day, smugglers piled them into a three-row van, drove them to the border, pointed at the gap in the fence, and told them to walk across.

An inflection point to overhaul an ill-equipped system

In the last decade, there have been two paradigm shifts on the border, according to current and former U.S. immigration officials. The first began in 2014, with the arrival of unprecedented numbers of families and children from the Northern Triangle of Central America (Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador).

In a break from decades’ worth of migration coming almost entirely from Mexico, these migrants did not attempt to evade the Border Patrol. Instead, they willingly surrendered in order to apply for asylum — and they quickly overwhelmed a system designed for something else entirely.

“Our existing infrastructure, processes and personnel were no longer matching what was happening on the ground,” said Theresa Cardinal Brown, director of immigration policy at the Bipartisan Policy Center and a former longtime official with DHS and Customs and Border Protection.

The system was optimized to apprehend and quickly deport single adults from Mexico. It was badly ill-equipped to process families and children and move them through complex legal asylum proceedings. Immigration courts were soon bogged down in yearslong backlogs.

The second paradigm shift is happening now. Beginning around 2018, there were spikes in the number of migrants from Cuba, then Haiti, then Venezuela. Then the pandemic happened: Economies cratered and borders closed, and when they reopened, it unleashed pent-up waves of migration across the globe. And that initial surge triggered by the pandemic is now sustained by the smuggling networks that greatly expanded to facilitate it.

This has piled more weight onto an already buckling system. The U.S. only has the capacity to deport people quickly and in large numbers to Mexico and the Northern Triangle, according to a senior CBP official who spoke to NBC News on the condition of anonymity in order to speak freely. Deportations are expensive and logistically challenging — they require airplanes, personnel and time to arrange for travel documents, and so on — and there is no such infrastructure in place, the official said, to deport people en masse to Africa, Asia or even South America.

The position of Mayorkas and the Biden administration is that these problems can only be meaningfully addressed by a congressional overhaul of the immigration system, such as the one proposed in February in a now defunct bipartisan Senate bill.

“We cannot process these individuals through immigration enforcement proceedings very quickly — it actually takes sometimes more than seven years,” Mayorkas told NBC News. “The proposed bipartisan legislation would reduce that seven-plus-year waiting period to sometimes less than 90 days. That’s transformative.”

Even with a reformed system, the U.S. would remain a single country confronting a phenomenon that directly involves a large share of the world.

“To manage regional migration flows, you need to get the cooperation of a few countries,” Brown said. “To deal with hemispheric migration flows, you need about 20 countries. To deal with global migration flows — now you’re talking about hundreds of countries.”

Those countries need persuading to do anything from restricting visas to physically interdicting migrants with armies and police forces. And many countries, especially those historically hostile to the U.S., are reluctant to be persuaded.

Nicaragua, for example, allows visa-free travel from more than two dozen African countries and several from Asia as well; that makes it a major point of arrival in the Americas for migrants who then move north to the U.S.-Mexico border. And some geopolitical adversaries — notably China — do not routinely accept deportees from the U.S. Though Mayorkas told NBC News he is engaged in high-level talks with Chinese officials to change that, such an agreement would only partially fix a small part of a much bigger problem.

“We’re at an inflection point,” Brown said. “We have to recognize that what’s happening at our border is a microcosm of what’s happening everywhere. This is not a U.S.-Mexico border problem. This is now a worldwide issue.”

Crackdowns and Loopholes

Shortly after Christmas, when border crossings once again hit record highs, Mayorkas and Secretary of State Antony Blinken made an official state visit to Mexico City. In the weeks that followed, Mexico’s National Guard cracked down on migrant routes.

This immediately and substantially reduced the number of people who managed to get across the border. But average daily crossings remain high compared to prior years, and in the Border Patrol’s San Diego sector, the drop was negligible.

Sam Schultz, a humanitarian volunteer who lives near the border and delivers supplies to migrants every day, said smugglers now simply avoid the National Guard patrols and send migrants to more remote and rugged crossings.

In the last few months, Schultz has learned a lot about how people the world over find their way to these isolated mountains.

“They’re very aware of what they’re getting into and where they’re going,” he said. “This was never true before everybody had a phone in their pocket.”

Schultz said crackdowns — whether by American or Mexican authorities — ultimately do little to deter migrants from attempting to cross into the U.S.

“Any person on American soil — and it doesn’t matter how they got here — is allowed to start due process on an asylum case,” Schultz said. “Anyone. So as long as that is true, people are going to attempt to cross the border and get on American soil. Why would it ever be any other way?”

David Noriega is an NBC News correspondent based in Los Angeles.

change dictionary meaning

Aarne Heikkila is a producer and digital journalist for NBC News. 

change dictionary meaning

Adiel Kaplan is a reporter with the NBC News Investigative Unit.

US House passes controversial bill that expands definition of anti-Semitism

Rights groups warn that the definition could further chill freedom of speech as protests continue on college campuses.

Students and pro-Palestinian supporters occupy a plaza at the City College of New York campus

The United States House of Representatives has overwhelmingly passed a bill that would expand the federal definition of anti-Semitism, despite opposition from civil liberties groups.

The bill passed the House on Wednesday by a margin of 320 to 91, and it is largely seen as a reaction to the ongoing antiwar protests unfolding on US university campuses. It now goes to the Senate for consideration.

Keep reading

The take: university protests spread across the us, at least 200 arrested at may day clashes in turkey, university gaza protests rage on with columbia arrests and violence at ucla.

If the bill were to become law, it would codify a definition of anti-Semitism created by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) in Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

That is a federal anti-discrimination law that bars discrimination based on shared ancestry, ethnic characteristics or national origin. Adding IHRA’s definition to the law would allow the federal Department of Education to restrict funding and other resources to campuses perceived as tolerating anti-Semitism.

But critics warn IHRA’s definition could be used to stifle campus protests against Israel’s war in Gaza, which has claimed the lives of 34,568 Palestinians so far.

What is the definition?

IHRA’s working definition of anti-Semitism is “a certain perception of Jews, which may be expressed as hatred toward Jews. Rhetorical and physical manifestations of anti-Semitism are directed toward Jewish or non-Jewish individuals and/or their property, toward Jewish community institutions and religious facilities”.

According to the IHRA, that definition also encompasses the “targeting of the state of Israel, conceived as a Jewish collectivity”.

The group also includes certain examples in its definition to illustrate anti-Semitism. Saying, for instance, that “the existence of a State of Israel is a racist endeavor” would be deemed anti-Semitic under its terms. The definition also bars any comparison between “contemporary Israeli policy” and “that of the Nazis”.

However, IHRA does specify that “criticism of Israel similar to that leveled against any other country cannot be regarded as anti-Semitic”.

Bipartisan criticism

Rights groups, however, have raised concerns the definition nevertheless conflates criticism of the state of Israel and Zionism with anti-Semitism.

In a letter sent to lawmakers on Friday, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) urged House members to vote against the legislation, saying federal law already prohibits anti-Semitic discrimination and harassment.

The bill is “therefore not needed to protect against anti-Semitic discrimination”, the letter said.

“Instead, it would likely chill free speech of students on college campuses by incorrectly equating criticism of the Israeli government with anti-Semitism.”

Those fears were echoed within the House of Representatives itself. During a hearing on Tuesday, Representative Jerry Nadler, a Democrat, said the scope of the definition was too broad.

“By encompassing purely political speech about Israel into Title VI’s ambit, the bill sweeps too broadly,” he said.

Representative Thomas Massie, a Republican, also criticised the bill in a post on the social media platform X, noting that it only referred to the IHRA definition, without providing the exact language or stating clearly which parts would be enshrined into law.

“To find the legally adopted definition of anti-Semitism, one must go to [the IHRA website],” he wrote.

“Not only is the definition listed there, but one also finds specific examples of anti-Semitic speech. Are those examples made part of the law as well?”

Concerns on campus

The IHRA adopted its current definition of anti-Semitism in 2016, and its framing has been embraced by the US State Department under President Joe Biden and his two predecessors.

The vote on Wednesday comes as renewed protests have swept across college campuses in opposition to Israel’s war in Gaza. April has seen the spread of encampments on university lawns, as students call for university leaders to divest from Israel and for government officials to call for a ceasefire.

The Biden administration and other top Washington officials have pledged steadfast support for Israel, despite mounting humanitarian concerns over its military campaign.

US lawmakers also have upped the pressure on university administrators to quash the protests, which they have portrayed as inherently anti-Semitic.

Protest leaders across the country, however, have rejected that characterisation. Instead, they accuse administrators and local officials of conflating support for Palestinians with anti-Semitism.

They also have said their rights are being trampled by administrators who seek to appease lawmakers, prompting at times violent police crackdowns on the encampments.

On Tuesday, House Speaker Mike Johnson announced that several House committees would be tasked with a probe into alleged campus anti-Semitism. But critics fear the investigation could ultimately threaten to withhold federal research grants and other government support from the universities where the protests are occurring.

U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Here's how you know

Official websites use .gov A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS A lock ( Lock A locked padlock ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Social Security Matters

Social security to expand access to ssi program by updating definition of a public assistance household.

May 9, 2024 • By Jeffrey Buckner, Acting Deputy Commissioner for Communications

Last Updated: May 9, 2024

Father and two daughters

Under the final rule, beginning September 30, 2024, the agency will expand the definition of a public assistance household to include households receiving Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) payments and households where not all members receive public assistance. The expanded definition will allow more people to qualify for SSI, increase some SSI recipients’ payment amounts, and reduce reporting burdens for individuals living in public assistance households.

The revised rule also changes the definition of a public assistance household when determining who in a household receives public assistance. The new rule defines a public assistance household as one that has both an SSI applicant or recipient, and at least one other household member who receives one or more of the listed means-tested public income-maintenance (PIM) payments (the any other definition). The previous policy required all household members to receive public assistance. This change benefits SSI recipients living in households where only some members receive public assistance.

“I’m committed to making systemic changes to help people access the critical benefits they need, including SSI,” said Martin O’Malley, Commissioner of Social Security.

“By simplifying our policies and including an additional program geared towards low-income families, such as the SNAP, we are removing significant barriers to accessing SSI. These changes promote greater equity in our programs.”

SNAP is the first PIM benefit added to the agency’s public assistance household definition since it was established in 1980. This change helps ensure the agency’s policies better represent the current landscape of means-tested programs in the United States.

These changes are key because, if an applicant or recipient is determined to be living in a public assistance household, the agency assumes they are not receiving assistance from other household members that would otherwise be counted as income. This will allow more people to qualify for SSI and in some cases, receive a higher SSI payment.

This regulation update is one of several that Social Security is publishing to improve the SSI program. The agency recently announced it will exclude the value of food from SSI benefit calculations. (Read Our Blog .) The agency also recently announced it will expand its rental subsidy exception, currently only in place for SSI applicants and recipients residing in seven States, as a nationwide policy. (Read Our Blog .)

Social Security continuously examines programmatic policy and makes regulatory and sub-regulatory changes as appropriate.

For more information on the SSI program, including who is eligible and how to apply, visit Supplemental Security Income (SSI) .

To read the final rule “Expand the Definition of a Public Assistance Household,” visit Federal Register: Expand the Definition of a Public Assistance Household .

Did you find this Information helpful?

Tags: Disability , General Information , SSI , supplemental security income

About the Author

Jeffrey Buckner, Acting Deputy Commissioner for Communications

Jeffrey Buckner, Acting Deputy Commissioner for Communications

Related articles, social security to expand ssi rental subsidy policy – agency continues to remove barriers to accessing ssi payments, social security to remove barriers to accessing ssi payments , social security publishes proposed rule for payroll information exchange to reduce improper payments, why it’s important to tell us about your financial accounts.

May 9, 2024 6:12PM

I’m writing this email because I have very serious concerns about my recent denial for disability, concerning a misinformation case stating back to 12/31/2006. The decision was based on the lack of medical records and the severity of my symptoms going back to my last insured date. The reason there is no medical records is because of the delay in getting this case reopened, and y’all realizing a mistake had been made. Medical facilities are only required to keep records 10 years, had this case been handled properly without misinformation this would not been an issuea Because the records were there to prove it or I could have been sent to a medical professional of y’all’s choosing to prove my disabilities and the severity. There was mention of a long period of time without medical care which is a false statement considering there is medical records from seven doctors that are missing from that time frame, Dr Early, Dr Rop ,Dr zortea, Dr McElhaney ,Dr Wood, Dr Fleming and Dr Dickerson. So I ask you how am I supposed to get a fair hearing? I didn’t go to all these doctors just for the fun of it. I’m also asking why am I being punished for y’all’s mistakes? Do y’all think I’m just making up these symptoms? Trust me I’d much rather be working, I can make a whole lot more than what little bit I’m going to get for my disability. I expect someone to call me about this and explain to me how this can happen. Y’all use the rule of law to deny people but what’s the rule of law say about giving people misinformation? This case should have been approved with special consideration that y’all dropped the ball and made the mistake. I recently called the appeals council and they said it can take up to 18 months have I not suffered enough have y’all not punished me enough for y’all this mistakes “this is a formal request” for an email list of the top executives including commissioner O’Malley’s email so I can contact them personally and make them aware of this situation I’m tired of being a victim of the SSA

May 10, 2024 1:04PM

I am Suzanne Tayon. I get SSA, that’s it. The people who have the way and yes more food, rent, electric and rent. I don’t have any money (SSA). I pay my bills and when I pay up to them, it doesn’t happen. I believe all in accounts. Thank you.

May 10, 2024 1:14PM

I’m on the HUD house. It’s been a year and nothing. I finally know that I’m 64 sick, and the people helping me should let them get help. I finally show I’m 15 when on, the list.

May 11, 2024 9:02AM

Warch out for the judge too cause the judge who did mine said mental n physical could be fixed my spine is deterating n he said mental could be fixed

May 11, 2024 10:51PM

Go Get you a Lawyer And Get your Check Stared That’s what i did and i have been on SSI ever since 2003 Trust me It took me 3 months before i was approve but first i was turned down by Bailtmore MD

May 9, 2024 6:05PM

Please clarify what this new policy means. What income limits does this rule set for persons older than 65? What percentage of the poverty level? Is there a chart for household size and income? How are retirement Social Security benefits considered in calculating the income? More specific information would help before putting this out on social media. Does this mean that any age 65+ person getting retirement Social Security and no other income and below the SNAP eligibility ceiling can apply and get SSI? What are the asset limits? Does this also mean that any time people do part time, temporary work, they can lose the SSI benefit and then have to reapply when the job ends? Also, is this administered by the Social Security administration directly or by the state’s department of social services, since SNAP is administered by states and not directly by the federal government.

May 9, 2024 2:28PM

Social Security already says it will run out of funding in 2034, so you find ways to cheat folks who have paid into the system by giving money to those that have never paid into the system. Incredible! Why don’t you send all 8 billion people checks, too! Then you could hire more bureaucrats who will always vote for bigger Government! It is only charity when you give away YOUR money, it is thievery when you give away own money.

May 9, 2024 2:35PM

Very well said, John L! Very well said. It is all about socializing us and destroying us.

May 9, 2024 7:16PM

Agreed…. What bullcrap!

May 10, 2024 6:23AM

May 11, 2024 2:40AM

My sister paid into the system for years and has been denied disability and SSI. Just because someone is low income doesn’t mean they’ve never paid into the system. Some folks don’t qualify for SSDI for whatever reason and need SSI. Just because someone doesn’t have Social Security Disability doesn’t mean they’re some drain on the economy just because they aren’t currently working. My sister has a brain injury and can’t even cook without supervision. She used to be a diesel mechanic and was going to college, singing opera in eleven languages, and working to become a music therapist. While working three jobs. Now she cannot even work one job and was denied disability because she kept a blog about her brain injury and the judge figured if she could write a blog she could work. She’d love to. So if she is allowed to get SSI based on these new rules she’s a thief? Tell me you’re stuck up and privileged without telling me you’re stuck up and privileged.

May 11, 2024 8:00PM

OMG! We need desperately to vote these clowns out of office. They are bankrupting all of our services per the Cloward-Piven strategy. They are taking down our oasis from tyranny in the world. I just cannot believe how strident and smug they continue to be. Vote for freedom and liberty from the oppressive state on November fifth!

May 11, 2024 9:23PM

Well said. I retired five years ago after paying into the system for 40 yrs. I hope I live long enough to collect the amount of social security money that I and my company paid into the system.

May 9, 2024 1:46PM

most SNAP benefit folks are way overweight which should be considered, There should be no water, chips and snacks allowed. Weight restrictions should be applied (if you are a woman 5’6″ you only get benefits if you weigh120 or less). Meat, bread, vegetables,fruit, milk and Cheese only.

May 9, 2024 2:30PM

Your definition woukd exclude many anorexic females and is not a healthy guide.

I most certainly agree with you, Karen P!

Christina L.

May 9, 2024 2:52PM

Overweight, or obesity is a disability.

May 9, 2024 5:38PM

This is by far the most ridiculous comment of pure ignorance I have ever heard. I currently am 46 years old with a 10 year old daughter in which we both just got out of a serious domestic relationship I have crippling arthritis along with numerous other health issues iam overweight and get snap I have no family no help from no one no child support and food in general is considered a privilege to us as we don’t get to eat but about two weeks of every month on our snap benefits and that’s buys the cheapest things that will last the longest haha to being able to Afford healthy foods when we can barely survive on romaine noodles and peanut butter and bread all month. Until you have lived my life or walked in my shoes don’t judge me cause on judgment day God ain’t gonna ask you about my sins he is gonna ask you about yours .

Concerned a.

May 9, 2024 5:41PM

Most SNAP RECIPIENTS ARE THE WORKING POOR! And you don’t get to tell people what they can or cannot buy! Water? You have got to be kidding me! When people in some areas of this country plumbing systems are old and that’s not their fault!!! Eating snacks is not a privilege limited to “WELL TO DO (Rich)”.

May 10, 2024 3:34PM

You’re certainly well-named, Karen.

That’s a very privileged and judgmental attitude you have there, with I’m sure ZERO experience of having been working poor.

May 12, 2024 1:09PM

Regardless of how overweight they may be, whi are you to tell somebody that shit, Thank God you don’t have to depend on foodstamp, for having that type of attitude God will strip you of everything you have, just to make an example out of you.

May 9, 2024 1:45PM

I’m a care taker I retired at at 62 receiving lowest amount I feel I’m being punished for working all those years 51 years and having to retire early again worked for 51 years every year started paying taxes at 16 years old and now going on 63 my wife has AML we need financial help and she is getting Disability at Lowest payment amount also received Snap for one month and now they are canceling our SNAP we need help because the cost of everything is sky rocketing I know I sound like I’m crying but I am – is there anyone that can help us .

May 9, 2024 3:38PM

ou do not pay tax until your 18!

May 11, 2024 2:42AM

I started working at 16 in the 90s and I paid taxes on my income. What are you talking about? They took it right out of my paycheck the same way they did after I was 18.

May 10, 2024 9:09AM

BLAZ. I do not know in what state you guys live, but I believe what I am about to suggest is available in all states.

There are other government and none government assistance programs out there for people in your situation or similar. A big organization that could help is:

If you enter that web address into your web browser, it will take you to a page where you can enter your zip code to find out what agency can help you with your situation.

You can also dial 211 On your cellphone and you will get an operator on the line to whom you can tell your situation and they will provide you with the nearest place to receive the help you need for free.

This is a place where you can receive help with many things such as Health services, Food, help paying for utilities like the electric bill and water bill or telephone, it can also help pay for rent. It all depends on your needs an situation but they can help. Give them a try please.

It is a national service and It is available 24 hours a day 7 days a week. I have use it here in the state of Florida and it was of great help. I hope this helps you and pray God will bless you and guide you all….

May 12, 2024 1:11PM

They only go back 10 years of your work history, it is what it is. I Thank God For that

May 9, 2024 12:46PM

Here is a scenario I know that will now be protected. Guy knocks up chick, she has twin boys. Mom jumps in low income $75 month housing. Doesn’t work, stays home, guy moves in and they don’t get married. Lives basically rent free rest of their life. Oh and the housing gets new carpet, painting, appliances and they have a maintenance person who takes care of any problems at their beckon call. Scam 101.

May 9, 2024 2:37PM

Yep, you nailed it, Cheryl D!

May 12, 2024 12:08AM

You sure know a lot about scamming, Cher.

May 12, 2024 10:27AM

Wow, birth control must be a bad word in that household of the chick who pumped out twins. What’s happened to people! If you can’t take care of yourself, why on earth would a sexually active person not use some protection? Sometimes pregnancies only compound poverty.

Leave a Comment

Please review our Comment Policy before leaving a comment. For your safety, please do not post Personally Identifiable Information (such as your Social Security Number, address, phone number, email address, bank account number, or birthdate) on our blog.

Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Enter Your Name *

Enter Your Email Address to Comment *

The Words You Need To Know To Talk About Climate Change Today

  • Weather Vs. Climate
  • Key Message
  • Glossary Of Terms

Every year on April 22, we celebrate Earth Day and the big blue marble that we all call home. First commemorated in 1970 and now recognized in more than 190 countries, Earth Day is a perfect occasion to think about one of the biggest dangers facing our planet: climate change . As a dictionary, we use this date as an opportunity to document and describe the changing language surrounding climate change—but we should discuss climate change every day of the year, too!

Our first look at climate change explored terms like greenhouse gases , polar vortex , and solastalgia . However, climate change continues to affect our world, and the language around it continuously changes over time. Both the terms we have covered already and the terms we will cover today reflect the vast range of effects climate change can have, from the biological to the psychological. Join us once again as we explore some more words used in the discussion of climate change.

If you’re looking specifically for terms to describe extreme and unpredictable weather, visit our compilation of weather words.

Weather vs. climate

A common discussion centers on the difference between the terms global warming and climate change. We’ve gone down this road before in our other analysis of the terminology , but in summary, the term global warming does not fully encompass all the changes facing the environment. Earth won’t “just” get warmer if the existential threat continues. The term climate change more accurately describes what will really happen: Earth’s entire climate will change dramatically.

Which leads to another common question: what is the difference between weather and climate ? People may be confused by freezing winter disasters if Earth’s temperature is gradually rising. If you want to fully understand the difference between weather and climate , we have you covered with our in-depth explanation of the subject . In short, weather describes the short-term atmospheric changes in a small area, while climate refers to the general atmospheric conditions of a large region. This is why even the parts of Brazil with a humid and rainy tropical climate can (rarely) have snowy weather on a given day.

🔑 Key message about language use

As you will soon discover, the term climate change refers to much more than Earth getting warmer. Climate change also refers to changes in the atmosphere, the effects on the Earth’s oceans, and to the fate of all life on Earth—including us!

Glossary of terms

The terms we have collected here should provide you with many informed entry points into the prevalent discussions going on today surrounding climate change.

1.5℃ pathway

The term 1.5℃ pathway refers to a potential future temperature of the Earth, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). According to the IPCC, we are projected to exceed a 2°C (3.6°F) rise in global temperatures compared to pre-industrial levels. This may not seem like a big number, but an increase of that amount would have a major effect on our planet (and everything living on it). According to the IPCC, the 1.5°C pathway (2.7°F) represents a less severe (but still bad!) potential future if we manage to keep temperature increases lower.


Anthropocene is an unofficial term for the epoch of time in which humanity has affected Earth’s climate ( anthropo –  means “human” and -cene  refers to geological periods). The actual official name for our current epoch is Holocene , but some have argued that a new term is needed to refer to significant Earth changes caused by humans.

Pyrocene is another commonly suggested term, as it refers to both humanity’s use of fire ( pyro – means “fire”) to change Earth’s climate and the destructive megafires (more on them later) caused by climate change.


Anthropogenic means “caused or produced by humans.” According to the overwhelming scientific consensus, the alarming rate of climate change we are seeing is anthropogenic.

carbon dioxide and related terms 

Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is “a colorless, odorless, incombustible gas present in the atmosphere and formed during respiration, usually obtained from coal, coke, or natural gas by combustion, from carbohydrates by fermentation, by reaction of acid with limestone or other carbonates , or naturally from springs.” High levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can have negative consequences, such as intensifying the greenhouse effect that increases Earth’s temperature and shifting Earth’s climate so that extreme weather is more common. The word carbon appears in many terms related to climate change:

  • carbon emissions:  the amount of carbon dioxide, in general, emitted into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels or through industry.
  • carbon footprint : the amount of carbon dioxide or other carbon compounds emitted into the atmosphere by the activities of an individual, company, country, etc.
  • carbon sequestration : the prevention of greenhouse gas build-up in the earth’s atmosphere by methods such as planting trees to absorb carbon dioxide or pumping carbon dioxide into underground reservoirs.
  • carbon stock: according to the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), a carbon stock is the quantity of carbon in a “pool,” meaning a reservoir or system which has the capacity to accumulate or release carbon. Typically, this term is used to refer to carbon lost due to deforestation .
  • carbon tax : a tax on the emissions caused by the burning of coal, gas, and oil, aimed at reducing the production of greenhouse gases.


Biodiversity is diversity among and within plant and animal species in an environment. Climate change has a severe negative effect on biodiversity. Biodiversity is important to maintain a healthy environment (such as in pollination of plants and continuing the nutrient cycle), but we humans depend on biodiversity as well for medicines, food, and the joy we get from seeing flourishing plants and animals.

climate and related terms

Climate plays a huge role in the lives of all living things, including us. Unsurprisingly, the changing climate has produced a slew of new expressions that show the myriad ways climate and climate change affect our lives.

  • climate crisis : a term used to show a greater sense of emergency and urgency about climate change. It emphasizes the severity of the threat that climate change poses.
  • climate emergency:  a term used by the United Nations to stress both the importance of doing something about climate change and the intensity of the consequences if we don’t.
  • climate justice: a term used by the United Nations and other organizations, such as the NAACP, that frames climate change as a social and political issue rather than just an environmental one. According to the UN, climate change disproportionately affects those nations where the average income is much lower than in industrial nations and would have a much greater impact on populations in countries in Africa and Asia. These nations have largely rural societies and lack the wealth or resources to make up for the significant absence of food that would occur due to climate change.
  • climate overshoot:  According to the World Wildlife Fund, a climate overshoot is the period of time in which global temperature exceeds a 1.5°C increase and then cools back down below that amount. A climate overshoot would cause dramatic problems for the environment, such as flooding and wildfires.
  • climate strike: a protest motivated by opposition to inaction toward climate change. Climate strikes usually involve young people and have been motivated by climate activists like Greta Thunberg .
  • climate velocity: a metric that charts the speed and movement of climates over time. Simply put, this calculation measures movement of animal species out of an area in kilometers due to future climate change. Climate velocity helps guide conservation efforts by showing which specific areas would be most severely impacted by the current rate of climate change.

Ecoanxiety is anxiety caused by a dread of environmental perils, especially climate change, and a feeling of helplessness over the potential consequences for those living now and even more so for later generations. Ecoanxiety was just one of the many new terms we recently added to our dictionary.


Ecolinguistics is a general term for a field of research that studies the effect of language on the environment and the effect of the environment on language. This field of research investigates issues such as the loss of languages due to people being made climate refugees by climate change.

extreme weather events

Extreme weather event is a broad term used to refer to an instance of severe weather with a high potential to cause death and destruction. Climate change is responsible for many extreme weather events, for example: a wildfire, bombogenesis , polar vortex , and derecho .

What’s the difference between these weather events: typhoons, hurricanes, and cyclones? Learn about them here.

EV (electric vehicle)

EV is a common abbreviation for electric vehicle. Motivated in part by concerns of climate change, the number of EVs on the road has increased dramatically in the past decade from under 20,000  EVs worldwide in 2010 to nearly 7.2 million in 2019.


While there is no official definition, a megadrought is considered in the United States to be a drought that lasts at least more than 20 years. Mega- is a combining form used as a prefix to mean “large” or “great.”In early 2021, the southwestern United States experienced a severe megadrought that scientists said was the first to be caused by human-induced climate change. This 23-year megadrought is the worst in 1200 years.

According to the United States Department of Agriculture, a megafire is a wildfire that burns over 100,000 acres.  Megafires used to be relatively rare, but they have become exponentially more common largely due to wildfires caused by climate change. The state of California in particular has suffered from many megafires over the past several years with a 2020 wildfire burning over 1 million acres for the first time in state history.

Mitigation is the act of mitigating, or lessening the force or intensity of something unpleasant, as wrath, pain, grief, or extreme circumstances. Many government agencies and scientific organizations, such as NASA, are trying to research ways to mitigate climate change by reducing carbon emissions.

GWP (Global Warming Potential)

According to the EPA, Global Warming Potential is a measure of the total energy that a gas absorbs over a particular period of time (usually 100 years), compared to carbon dioxide. According to the EPA, this measurement was developed in order to compare the impact of different greenhouse gases on climate change.

mass extinction event

A mass extinction event , or mass extinction, is the extinction of a large number of species within a relatively short period of geological time, thought to be due to factors such as a catastrophic global event or widespread environmental change that occurs too rapidly for most species to adapt. Modern scientific reporting suggests that climate change could directly lead to a future mass extinction event. According to the fossil record, there have been at least five mass extinctions in Earth’s history:

  • The Ordovician-silurian Extinction (440 million years ago)
  • The Devonian Extinction (365 million years ago)
  • The Permian-triassic Extinction (250 million years ago)
  • The Triassic-jurassic Extinction (210 million years ago): Recent scientific studies suggest that climate change may have contributed to this mass extinction.
  • The Cretaceous-tertiary Extinction (65 Million Years Ago): the mass extinction during which the dinosaurs died.

Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement, sometimes called “the Paris accord” by the media, is a 2016 international treaty focused on combating climate change. The Paris Agreement set the goal to limit the global temperature increase to 1.5° Celsius—remember the 1.5℃ pathway from earlier?—by allowing countries to provide each other with financial and technological support. The United States withdrew from the agreement in 2020 during the presidency of Donald Trump but rejoined it on January 20, 2021 immediately after the inauguration of President Joe Biden.

sea-level rise

The term sea-level rise, or its variants such as relative sea-level rise or global sea-level rise , might be more familiar to you than the other terms on this list, but you may not know exactly what it means.

The sea level is the horizontal plane or level corresponding to the surface of the sea at mean level between high and low tide. Sea-level rise refers to the steadily increasing sea levels that scientists are recording on a global scale. Because it is on this list, you shouldn’t be surprised to learn that scientists trace sea-level rise to climate change through melting ice sheets and thermal expansion.

What is thermal expansion? As water warms, it expands and spreads out. When Earth’s oceans experience thermal expansion, they expand and take up more space, which causes the sea level to rise. It is very likely that sea-level rise could cause extensive damage and destruction to coastal cities and infrastructure.

Keep Learning New Words Every Day!

  • Name This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Another earthly event that can get everyone on edge is a volcanic eruption. But do you know if it's lava or magma that erupts?

Current Events

Science & Technology

change dictionary meaning

Trending Words

[ ahy- ren -ik, ahy- ree -nik ]

  • By clicking "Sign Up", you are accepting Terms & Conditions and Privacy policies.
  • Comments This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.
  • Skip to main content
  • Keyboard shortcuts for audio player

change dictionary meaning

Campus protests over the Gaza war

House passes bill aimed to combat antisemitism amid college unrest.

Barbara Sprunt

change dictionary meaning

Speaker of the House Mike Johnson visited Columbia University on April 24 to meet with Jewish students and make remarks about concerns that the ongoing demonstrations have become antisemitic. Alex Kent/Getty Images hide caption

Speaker of the House Mike Johnson visited Columbia University on April 24 to meet with Jewish students and make remarks about concerns that the ongoing demonstrations have become antisemitic.

The House of Representatives passed a bill on Wednesday aimed at addressing reports of rising antisemitism on college campuses, where activists angered by Israel's war against Hamas have been protesting for months and more recently set up encampments on campus grounds .

The Antisemitism Awareness Act would see the adoption of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance's definition of antisemitism for the enforcement of federal anti-discrimination laws regarding education programs.

The bill passed with a 320-91 vote. Seventy Democrats and 21 Republicans voted against the measure.

The international group defines antisemitism as "a certain perception of Jews, which may be expressed as hatred toward Jews" and gives examples of the definition's application, which includes "accusing Jews as a people of being responsible for real or imagine wrongdoing committed by a single Jewish person or group" and making " dehumanizing, demonizing, or stereotypical allegations about Jews as such or the power of Jews as collective."

Rep. Mike Lawler, R-N.Y., introduced the legislation.

"Right now, without a clear definition of antisemitism, the Department of Education and college administrators are having trouble discerning whether conduct is antisemitic or not, whether the activity we're seeing crosses the line into antisemitic harassment," he said on the House floor before passage.

The bill goes further than an executive order former President Donald Trump signed in 2019 . Opponents argue the measure could restrict free speech.

"This definition adopted by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance includes 'contemporary examples of antisemitism'," said Rep. Jerry Nadler in a speech on the House floor ahead of the vote. "The problem is that these examples may include protected speech in some context, particularly with respect to criticism of the state of Israel."

Fellow New York Democrat Rep. Ritchie Torres , one of the 15 Democratic cosponsors of the bill, told NPR he finds that argument unconvincing.

"There's a false narrative that the definition censors criticism of the Israeli government. I consider it complete nonsense," Torres said in an interview with NPR.

"If you can figure out how to critique the policies and practices of the Israeli government without calling for the destruction of Israel itself, then no reasonable person would ever accuse you of antisemitism," he added.

Issue should 'transcend partisan politics'

While members of both parties have criticized reports of antisemitism at the protests, Republicans have made the issue a central political focus.

House Speaker Mike Johnson made a rare visit last week to Columbia University, where demonstrators were demanding the school divest from companies that operate in Israel. Johnson and a handful of GOP lawmakers met with a group of Jewish students.

"They are really concerned that their voices are not being heard when they may complain about being assaulted, being spit on, being told that all Jews should die — and they are not getting any response from the individuals who are literally being paid to protect them," Rep. Anthony D'Esposito, R-N.Y., told NPR of the meeting.

On Tuesday, Johnson held a press conference focused on antisemitism with a group of House Republicans at the U.S. Capitol.

"Antisemitism is a virus and it will spread if it's not stamped out," Johnson said. "We have to act, and House Republicans will speak to this fateful moment with moral clarity."

Rep. Pramila Jayapal, D-Wash., who chairs the House progressive caucus, says Republicans are playing politics.

"Many of these Republicans didn't say a word when Trump and others in Charlottesville and other places were saying truly antisemitic things. But all of a sudden now they want to bring forward bills that divide Democrats and weaponize this," she said.

Torres said he wished Johnson had done a bipartisan event with House Democrats to "present a united front."

"You know, it's impossible to take the politics out of politics, but the fight against all forms of hate, including antisemitism, should transcend partisan politics," he said.

change dictionary meaning

Student protestors chant near an entrance to Columbia University on April 30. Columbia University has restricted access to the school's campus to students residing in residential buildings on campus and employees who provide essential services to campus buildings after protestors took over Hamilton Hall overnight. Michael M. Santiago/Getty Images hide caption

Student protestors chant near an entrance to Columbia University on April 30. Columbia University has restricted access to the school's campus to students residing in residential buildings on campus and employees who provide essential services to campus buildings after protestors took over Hamilton Hall overnight.

Jewish students speak about feeling harassed

Hear from students who met with speaker johnson.

There was increased urgency to move legislation to the floor after lawmakers started hearing stories of Jewish students feeling unwelcome on campuses.

Eliana Goldin, a junior at Columbia and the Jewish Theological Seminary, said the escalation of protests on and around her campus have made her feel unsafe.

"I know many, many people who have been harassed because they wear a Jewish star necklace," Goldin told NPR. Goldin was one student who received a message from Rabbi Elie Buechler of Columbia a week ago.

"The events of the last few days...have made it clear that Columbia University's Public Safety and the NYPD cannot guarantee Jewish students' safety in the face of extreme antisemitism and anarchy," the message read. "It deeply pains me to say that I would strongly recommend you return home as soon as possible and remain home until the reality in and around campus has dramatically improved."

Demonstrators say their protest is peaceful and that some of the antisemitic events that have garnered national attention have come from people outside of the university.

Goldin said she was part of an interaction that got a lot of online attention of someone yelling at her and others to "go back to Poland." She said she was disappointed in the reaction from the broader Columbia community, even though the person was likely not a student.

"I do think if someone were to say, 'go back to Africa' to a Black student, it would one, be abhorrent," Goldin said. "And correctly, the entire Columbia student body would feel outraged at that, and we would all be able to rally around it. But of course, when someone says 'go back to Poland' to a Jew, we don't feel the same outrage and the same unity against that."

Torres said lawmakers should listen to students like Goldin.

"If there are Black students, who claim to experience racism, we rightly respect their experiences. The same would be true of Latino students, the same would be true of Asian students," he said. "If there are Jewish students who are telling us that they do not feel safe, why are we questioning the validity of their experiences? Why are we not affording them the sensitivity that we would have for every other group?"

Columbia University did not respond to NPR about questions about their handling of the protests.

change dictionary meaning

A demonstrator breaks the windows of the front door of the building in order to secure a chain around it to prevent authorities from entering as demonstrators from the pro-Palestine encampment barricade themselves inside Hamilton Hall, an academic building at Columbia University, on April 30. Alex Kent/Getty Images hide caption

A demonstrator breaks the windows of the front door of the building in order to secure a chain around it to prevent authorities from entering as demonstrators from the pro-Palestine encampment barricade themselves inside Hamilton Hall, an academic building at Columbia University, on April 30.

'It just really kind of erodes the soul'

Xavier Westergaard, a Ph.D. student at Columbia, attended the meeting between the House GOP delegation and Jewish students.

"The mood in the room was relief that someone so high up in the government made this a priority," he said, referring to Johnson.

"Jewish students, including myself, have been the victims of physical violence and intimidation. This goes from shoving, spitting, being told to go back to Europe," he said. "It just really kind of erodes the soul if you hear it too many times."

He added: "And this is not just happening outside the gates, on the sidewalk where anyone from anywhere can come and demonstrate. We do have the First Amendment in this country. This was actually on campus. The university has responsibilities to protect their students from harassment on the basis of religion or creed or national origin."

A consistent refrain among protesters is that criticizing the policies of the Israeli government doesn't equate to antisemitism.

Westergaard agrees, but says that's not what he's experiencing.

"I've heard, 'We want all Zionists off campus.' I've heard 'death to the Zionist state, death to Zionists.' And as a Jew, I feel that Zionism and Judaism can be teased apart with a tremendous amount of care and compassion and knowledge," he said. "But it's also just a dog whistle that people use when they're talking about the Jews."

Juliana Castillo, an undergraduate, was also at the meeting with Johnson. She said calls for the safety of students doesn't just include physical well-being.

"There are things like intimidation, like feeling uncomfortable being openly Jewish or taking a direct route across campus," she said. "It doesn't always manifest as a lack of physical safety. Sometimes it manifests as being unwelcome in a class or feeling like people's viewpoints or perspectives are not respected."

She said even isolated incidents of antisemitism that get circulated widely online have a "creeping impact on people."

"Just knowing that something has happened to your friends, or to people you know in a place you're familiar with, makes it difficult to have a sense that this is your campus," she said. "These things do build up."

Bipartisan push on more bills to counter antisemitism

Lawmakers say this bill is just one step — and that there's more action the chamber should take to combat antisemitism.

Torres and Lawler have introduced another bill that would place a monitor on a campus to report back to the federal government on whether the university is complying with Title VI , which prohibits discrimination based on race, color or national origin in places like colleges that receive federal funding.

"A law is only as effective as its enforcement, and the purpose here is to provide an enforcement mechanism where none exist," Torres said. "And I want to be clear: the legislation would empower the federal Department of Education not to impose a monitor on every college or university, only when there's reason to suspect a violation of Title VI."

Meanwhile, House Minority Leader Hakeem Jeffries is urging Johnson to bring the bipartisan Countering Antisemitism Act to the floor.

"The effort to crush antisemitism and hatred in any form is not a Democratic or Republican issue" said Jeffries in a statement.

Letter to Speaker Mike Johnson on the Bipartisan Countering Antisemitism Act. — Hakeem Jeffries (@RepJeffries) April 29, 2024

The bill would establish a senior official in the Department of Education to monitor for antisemitism on college campuses and create a national coordinator in the White House to oversee a new interagency task force to counter antisemitism.

"We have negotiated that bill for nine months. It is bipartisan. It's bicameral," said North Carolina Democrat Kathy Manning, who co-chairs the House Bipartisan Task Force for Combating Antisemitism.

Manning was part of a trio of House Democrats who visited Columbia University last week to hear from Jewish students.

Manning points to a study from the American Jewish Committee that found that 46% of American Jews since October 7 say they have altered their behavior out of fear of antisemitism .

"I find that deeply disturbing, that in the United States of America, people are now afraid to be recognized in public as being Jewish," Manning said.

Cambridge Dictionary

  • Cambridge Dictionary +Plus

Meaning of change in Essential American English Dictionary

Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio

Phrasal verbs

(Definition of change from the Webster's Essential Mini Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

Translations of change

Get a quick, free translation!


Word of the Day

call centre

a large office in which a company's employees provide information to its customers, or sell or advertise its goods or services, by phone

Varied and diverse (Talking about differences, Part 1)

Varied and diverse (Talking about differences, Part 1)

change dictionary meaning

Learn more with +Plus

  • Recent and Recommended {{#preferredDictionaries}} {{name}} {{/preferredDictionaries}}
  • Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English English Learner’s Dictionary Essential British English Essential American English
  • Grammar and thesaurus Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English Grammar Thesaurus
  • Pronunciation British and American pronunciations with audio English Pronunciation
  • English–Chinese (Simplified) Chinese (Simplified)–English
  • English–Chinese (Traditional) Chinese (Traditional)–English
  • English–Dutch Dutch–English
  • English–French French–English
  • English–German German–English
  • English–Indonesian Indonesian–English
  • English–Italian Italian–English
  • English–Japanese Japanese–English
  • English–Norwegian Norwegian–English
  • English–Polish Polish–English
  • English–Portuguese Portuguese–English
  • English–Spanish Spanish–English
  • English–Swedish Swedish–English
  • Dictionary +Plus Word Lists
  • change buses, planes, etc.
  • change the subject
  • a change of clothes
  • Translations
  • All translations

To add change to a word list please sign up or log in.

Add change to one of your lists below, or create a new one.


Something went wrong.

There was a problem sending your report.

  • Dictionaries home
  • American English
  • Collocations
  • German-English
  • Grammar home
  • Practical English Usage
  • Learn & Practise Grammar (Beta)
  • Word Lists home
  • My Word Lists
  • Recent additions
  • Resources home
  • Text Checker

Definition of change noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

  • change in something We're hoping for a change in the weather.
  • There was no change in the patient's condition overnight.
  • I need to make some major changes in my life.
  • a change in policy/law
  • The past decade has seen dramatic changes in global poverty.
  • change to something We need to inform you of significant changes to the tax system.
  • She is someone who hates change.
  • social/political/economic change
  • The award-winning director firmly believes in the power of film to bring about positive change .
  • A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.
  • Businesses have to adapt to change.
  • Courses offered in schools reflect changes in the job market.
  • He needs to show a change in attitude if he is to succeed.
  • How far does war bring about social change?
  • I've seen many changes since I started farming.
  • In the current climate of change, adaptability is vital.
  • Major economic changes have occurred recently.
  • The eighties were a period of great change in publishing.
  • The last few years have seen a change in attitudes to single parents.
  • The president realized he could not hold back the tide of change, and resigned.
  • The report called for sweeping changes to the health system.
  • The research will measure any changes in the children's sleep patterns.
  • These reforms have brought about significant changes in the overall economy.
  • Train times are subject to change without notice.
  • We are going to introduce a few changes to the system.
  • We resist change because of fear of the unknown.
  • Young people are more willing to embrace change.
  • net change in incomes
  • the need for a culture change within the industry
  • considerable
  • bring about
  • for a change
  • a change for the better
  • a change for the worse
  • a change of clothes

Definitions on the go

Look up any word in the dictionary offline, anytime, anywhere with the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary app.

change dictionary meaning


  1. Change Dictionary Definition Royalty Free Vector Illustration Stock

    change dictionary meaning

  2. Synonyms Of Change, Change Synonyms Words List, Meaning and Example

    change dictionary meaning

  3. Change-Dictionary Definition Stock Photo

    change dictionary meaning

  4. Definition of the Word Change Stock Image

    change dictionary meaning

  5. What does Change mean in Project Management?

    change dictionary meaning

  6. Change definition, dictionary word typography

    change dictionary meaning



  2. 24- Dictionary

  3. as of meaning

  4. How the meanings definitions and usage or words are changed over time

  5. meaning of Vary


  1. Change Definition & Meaning

    change: [verb] to make different in some particular : alter. to make radically different : transform. to give a different position, course, or direction to.


    CHANGE definition: 1. to exchange one thing for another thing, especially of a similar type: 2. to make or become…. Learn more.

  3. CHANGE Definition & Meaning

    Change definition: to make the form, nature, content, future course, etc., of (something) different from what it is or from what it would be if left alone. See examples of CHANGE used in a sentence.


    CHANGE meaning: 1. to exchange one thing for another thing, especially of a similar type: 2. to make or become…. Learn more.

  5. Change

    Is it just not the same anymore? Then there must have been a change. The noun change can refer to any thing or state that is different from what it once was.

  6. CHANGE definition and meaning

    35 meanings: 1. to make or become different; alter 2. to replace with or exchange for another 3. to transform or convert or be.... Click for more definitions.

  7. change noun

    In the current climate of change, adaptability is vital. Major economic changes have occurred recently. The eighties were a period of great change in publishing. The last few years have seen a change in attitudes to single parents. The president realized he could not hold back the tide of change, and resigned.


    CHANGE definition: 1. to become different, or to make someone or something become different: 2. to stop having or…. Learn more.

  9. CHANGE Definition & Usage Examples

    Change definition: to make the form, nature, content, future course, etc., of (something) different from what it is or from what it would be if left alone. See examples of CHANGE used in a sentence.

  10. change noun

    replacing something; 3 [countable] change (of something) change (from something to something) the process of replacing something with something new or different; a thing that is used to replace something a change of address a change of government a change from agriculture to industry There will be a crew change when we land in Dallas. Let's get away for the weekend.

  11. Change Definition & Meaning

    Change definition: To give and receive reciprocally; interchange.

  12. Change

    Define change. change synonyms, change pronunciation, change translation, English dictionary definition of change. v. changed , chang·ing , chang·es v. tr. 1. a. To cause to be different: change the spelling of a word. b. To give a completely different form or appearance...

  13. change

    THESAURUS change noun [ countable, uncountable] a situation in which someone or something becomes different, or the act of making something different There was a sudden change in the weather. We are living in a period of great change. He was told to make some slight changes to his essay. alteration noun [ countable, uncountable] a change ...

  14. CHANGE Synonyms: 182 Similar and Opposite Words

    Synonyms for CHANGE: alteration, difference, modification, shift, variation, revision, revise, amendment; Antonyms of CHANGE: stabilization, fixation, set, fix ...

  15. Change Definition & Meaning

    changes; changed; changing. Britannica Dictionary definition of CHANGE. 1. a [no object] : to become different. Her mood changes every hour. He's changed in appearance. = His appearance has changed. The leaves change (in color) from green to red in the fall. [+] more examples. b [+ object] : to make (someone or something) different.

  16. change

    change (third-person singular simple present changes, present participle changing, simple past and past participle changed) ( intransitive) To become something different. The tadpole changed into a frog. Stock prices are constantly changing. ( transitive, ergative) To make something into something else.

  17. 130 Synonyms & Antonyms for CHANGE

    Find 130 different ways to say CHANGE, along with antonyms, related words, and example sentences at

  18. CHEMICAL CHANGE Definition & Meaning

    Chemical change definition: a usually irreversible chemical reaction involving the rearrangement of the atoms of one or more substances and a change in their chemical properties or composition, resulting in the formation of at least one new substance. See examples of CHEMICAL CHANGE used in a sentence.

  19. change verb

    change from A to/into B The lights changed from red to green. change to/into something The lights changed to green. Caterpillars change into butterflies. change A to/into B With a wave of her magic wand, she changed the frog into a handsome prince. change somebody/something from A to/into B He managed to change the mood from tense to relaxed in ...

  20. What is climate change mitigation and why is it urgent?

    Climate change mitigation refers to any action taken by governments, businesses or people to reduce or prevent greenhouse gases, or to enhance carbon sinks that remove them from the atmosphere. These gases trap heat from the sun in our planet's atmosphere, keeping it warm. Since the industrial era began, human activities have led to the ...

  21. The demographics of migration to the U.S. are rapidly shifting. What's

    JACUMBA HOT SPRINGS, Calif. — Shortly after dawn, in the desert east of San Diego, a group of migrants huddled around a campfire. They had come together on this desolate stretch of the U.S ...

  22. US House passes controversial bill that expands definition of anti

    The definition also bars any comparison between "contemporary Israeli policy" and "that of the Nazis". However, IHRA does specify that "criticism of Israel similar to that leveled ...

  23. Social Security to Expand Access to SSI Program by Updating Definition

    The expanded definition will allow more people to qualify for SSI, increase some SSI recipients' payment amounts, and reduce reporting burdens for individuals living in public assistance households. The revised rule also changes the definition of a public assistance household when determining who in a household receives public assistance.

  24. Glossary Of Up-To-Date Climate Change Terms

    1.5℃ pathway. The term 1.5℃ pathway refers to a potential future temperature of the Earth, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). According to the IPCC, we are projected to exceed a 2°C (3.6°F) rise in global temperatures compared to pre-industrial levels.

  25. House passes bill aimed to combat antisemitism amid college unrest

    Rep. Mike Lawler, R-N.Y., introduced the legislation. "Right now, without a clear definition of antisemitism, the Department of Education and college administrators are having trouble discerning ...

  26. Vision-HD: road change detection and registration using images and high

    High-definition (HD) maps provide deta... 1. Autonomous driving systems rely on high-precision localization and perception modules that require accurate and reliable information about the environment. ... Image perception can be useful for HD map change detection. However, achieving robust and high-precision alignment between images and HD maps ...

  27. change verb

    Caterpillars change into butterflies. change somebody/something (from A) to/into B With a wave of her magic wand, she changed the frog into a handsome prince. 4 [transitive] change something to stop having one state, position, or direction and start having another Leaves change color in the fall. The wind has changed direction. Our ship changed ...

  28. CHANGE

    CHANGE definition: 1. to stop having or doing one thing, and start having or doing another: 2. to become different…. Learn more.

  29. change noun

    In the current climate of change, adaptability is vital. Major economic changes have occurred recently. The eighties were a period of great change in publishing. The last few years have seen a change in attitudes to single parents. The president realized he could not hold back the tide of change, and resigned.

  30. Key Takeaways from FDA's Final Rule on Laboratory-Developed Tests

    IVD Definition Revised to Make Clear LDTs are Regulated Devices. Although the Federal Register notice announcing this monumental regulatory shift for LDTs is well over a hundred pages, the change to FDA's regulations consisted of adding only 10 words to the end of the regulatory definition for in vitro diagnostic (IVD) products: