Commercial Fishing Business Plan Sample

The commercial fishing industry is growing, especially off the coasts of emerging economies. Whether you are starting a fishing company in America, off the coast of Africa, or anywhere else in the world, this sample will help guide you.  Our business plan writers have crafted this sample.

Executive Summary

“Nearfish Inc.” (herein also referred to as “Nearfish”, “Nearfish Company”, and “the company”) was incorporated on February 2, 2022 in the State of Florida by Co-founders: Mich Teresen, and Tom Parkinson. The company is a leader in sustainability across two key sectors, recycling and seafood, and developing solutions to challenges in both areas. Nearfish is inspiring Somalis to achieve goals in recycling, waste reduction, and reuse for the betterment of the nation. Additionally, the company is dedicated to innovation, creativity, and advancements in science and technology. As such, the initial focus will be producing high quality seafood across Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia using sustainable fisheries.

Somalia is the easternmost country on the Horn of Africa. Extending just south of the Equator northward to the Gulf of Aden, the country occupies an important geopolitical position between sub-Saharan Africa and the countries of Arabia and southwestern Asia. The capital, Mogadishu, is located just north of the Equator on the Indian Ocean. Landscapes of thornbush savanna and semidesert dominate the scenery as the land of Somalia is a country with geographic extremes.

Somalis have, as a result, developed equally demanding economic survival strategies. With this backdrop, climate plays a key role for Somalia’s economy and livelihoods. Climate change has impacted the land as droughts and floods pose the most severe hazards to the country. Furthermore, global warming and shrinking fish stocks have led to illegal fishing off the Somali coast. This has enabled conflicts between pirates and foreign fishing vessels.

Nearfish is a Somali-founded venture which is seeking to rectify these disastrous changes to the climate, and spearhead a campaign for Somalia to become a thriving and prosperous nation. The company is developing programs, as well as innovations in recycling and seafood production to bolster the environmental sustainability of the region. Somalia has a rich history, captivating geography, and a people who have endured; survived; and preserved in spite of challenges. Nearfish is building a nation of proud Somalis who can call their country home. The company is committed to climate action and developing the necessary solutions to tackle the most challenging problems ahead in this domain.

The company is first tackling this challenge with a sustainable approach to fishing production. This industry has been ravaged by piracy, noncompliant international vessels, overfishing, climate change, and other challenges. Nonetheless, the company is creating a supply chain process which involves sourcing from local sustainable fisheries while managing a fleet of boats and crew. The goal is to supply Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia with high quality fish which is ethically sourced. As a result, the company is creating a series of plans across marketing, HR, strategy, and other areas to execute on this vision.

Financial Outlook

commercial fishing business proposal

Business Overview

Nearfish Company was founded by: Mich Teresen, and Tom Parkinson. The team have worked both inside and outside the country and their goal is to bring what they have learned home. Nearfish focuses on two important areas which the company considers to be priorities and can be addressed.

The Seafood Sector

The seafood sector in general is self-contained in which the company desires to strengthen the production, and to help small business owners used in the production of fish. As part of the climate inaction, there has been a significant negative impact on the seafood industry. Moreover, this has impacted production, yields, and quality of fish. Nearfish will focus on improving the quality of seafood production to provide jobs and feed more people with quality food.

Mission Statement

Our mission is to provide quality sustainably produced seafood and waste management services, as well as promoting recycling activities to ensure a safe and healthy community.

Vision Statement

Our vision is to inspire and challenge Somalis to achieve the highest quality seafood production, waste reduction, recycling, and reuse goals in the nation.

Core Values

The following core values guide the Nearfish team and larger company culture.

Integrity is at the center of all decision-making.

  • We conduct our business activities in a transparent manner which includes engaging stakeholders and the public when developing or optimizing new or established policies and regulations.
  • We embrace the highest degree of administrative and fiscal responsibility.
  • We act in an ethical, honest, and professional manner at all times.
  • We lead by example.
  • We continually set realistic yet rigorous goals and achieve them.
  • We value proactive communication and stay accountable to each other as well as our stakeholders.
  • We continually stay compliant with current statutory and regulatory requirements.

Leadership is embedded into the business and all people.

  • We are industry leaders in developing and implementing new strategies to protect our natural resources.
  • We make insightful recommendations that promote positive change in our business and community.
  • We value innovative policies and practices that promote sustainable communities.
  • We use cutting-edge web-based technology to achieve maximum outreach in an efficient manner.
  • We continually explore new techniques to address waste and material streams.
  • We research and make public model programs and approaches for diversion and environmental stewardship.
  • We adapt to meet new challenges.

Service to others and the world above all else.

  • We excel at providing high levels of customer service to our internal and external customers.
  • We continually evaluate the quality of our programs and services to ensure their efficiency and effectiveness.
  • We cultivate and nurture a work environment that values diversity, open communication, and idea sharing.
  • We encourage, appreciate, and reward excellence.
  • We value our staff for their institutional knowledge, celebrate their success, and provide opportunities for them to enhance their skills, knowledge, and abilities.

There are several key dates and milestones associated with the Nearfish company as described below:

  • In 1977 the Somali Government established the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources.
  • The Somali central government collapsed in 1991, and the increase in foreign fishing became a justification for piracy against fishing vessels.
  • Foreign fishing vessels caught approximately 92,500 megatons of fish in 2014, almost twice that caught by the Somali domestic fleet of fishermen.
  • The Somali Fisheries Law was passed in December 2014 banning bottom trawling by domestic and foreign vessels, it also made all prior licenses null and void, and reserved the first 24 nautical miles of Somali waters for Somali fishers.
  • The Growth, Enterprise, Employment, and Livelihoods (GEEL) project was established by USAID supporting more than 50 Somali fishing companies to stabilize catch rates, improve economic return, and streamline internationally-accepted processing.

Goals and Objectives

commercial fishing business proposal

Market Analysis

Global Fish and Seafood Industry

As the world continues to grow in population, it is expected to reach around 10 billion by 2050. With this consistent increase in population, food security has been recognized as one of the many challenges that needs to be addressed by all nations.

Based on the United Nation Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) report on The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, the total fisheries and aquaculture production in 2018 reached 179 million tonnes. This number makes fish and seafood the most traded food commodity in the world. Around 87% of this total was identified for direct human consumption. This percentage increased significantly by 20% from 67% in the 1960’s. The annual growth rate of fish consumption exceeded the combined total of meat and terrestrial animals consumption.

The graph above shows the volume of fish production from 2002 to 2021. In 2020, the world produced 174.6 million metric tonnes of fish which is approximately 18% higher than it produced in 2010 (148.1 metric tonnes). This only proves that fish is one of the most consumed foods and is becoming further in demand in all areas of the world.

It is expected that the seafood industry will expand in succeeding years. The market was valued at $125.2 billion in 2017 and is projected to increase to $155.32 billion by 2023. In 2018, the top three (3) producers are China, Indonesia and Peru. In China alone, where the largest fish and seafood processing industry is situated, the industry generated $31.6 billion of revenue.

In another report, the global fresh fish market size was valued at $228.3 billion in 2021. This is calculated to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) OF 2.6% from 2022 TO 2028. The significant growth rate was also reported as one driven by the population’s heightened awareness on the health benefits of fish products. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) also reported that the fish product consumption far outweighs the growth of the population.

Fish and Seafood Industry in Africa

The international fishing trade industry in Africa has made significant progress in the past years. However, it has yet to evolve to achieve rapid and sustainable economic growth for the region. There is a need to boost Africa’s intra-regional trade by improving their capacity to produce fish products in order to compete with the world market.

Records show that Africa contributed around 90 million tonnes per year in the last decade. Although this figure remained stable, there was a regional increase of 6.8 times from 1,109,387 tonnes in 1950 to 7,597,427 tonnes in 2010. The fish and aquaculture catch in 2010 is 9% of the global supply valued at 158 million tonnes or around $217.5 billion.

In the export sector, 10 African exporters lead the 89.5% fish and fishery products exports from the region. The top 5 are Morocco (leading with 29%), Namibia (15.8%), South Africa (12.3%), Mauritius (7%) and Senegal (6.3%). Morocco contributed 1.1% to the global trade.

Europe is the top market of African fish products exporters at 70% of the total exports. Tagging far behind is Asia at 15% and neighboring African nations at 11%.

Fish and Seafood Industry in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya

The total fisheries production (in metric tonnes) in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya from 2010 to 2020 is shown in the graph below. Out of the three countries, Somalia has produced the lowest number of fish products. In fact, it has steadily produced 30,000 metric tonnes in a decade. Kenya on the other hand started strong in 2010 until 2011. However, its fisheries market production in 2012 experienced a slump and it has not regained its strength until 2020. In this period, its highest production was in 2011 where they produced 207,925 metric tonnes of fish products. They ended with 150,060 metric tonnes of fish production in 2020. Amongst the three countries, Ethiopia has a more steady rise in their fish production. After the year 2010, their production had a minimal dip in 2015 but Ethiopia regained its strength and recorded an increase in production until 2020 where it produced 60,536 metric tonnes.

Fish Market Profiles of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya

FOA has released Fish Market Profiles for different countries in March 2022 conducted by GLOBEFISH. Globefish collected from 2001-2019 market and trade information on fish and fish products in various countries. These data may be useful to determine the feasibility of importing and exporting fish products to Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. For Somalia, below is their Fish Market Profile.

In summary, the Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya Fish Market Profiles proves that there is a great deal of potential for profitability in both export and import of fish products.

Recycling Facilities Industry Market

Recycling is the process of collecting, processing, and remanufacturing materials that would otherwise be thrown away as trash. The global waste recycling services market size is to be valued at $81.3 billion by 2028 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.2% during the forecast period. The increased awareness of the benefits of garbage recycling is expected to result in a positive impact to the recycling industry over the forecast period.

Globally, the Recycling Facility Industry is expected to rise at a considerable rate from this year onwards. It was valued at $55.1 billion in 2020, and was estimated at $57.69 billion in 2021. By 2028, it is estimated to reach almost $90 billion, recording a compound annual growth rate of 4.8% between 2021 to 2030.

Awareness and Support

Recycling businesses gain the support of both government and non-government organizations which lead in campaigning in favor of recycling materials to generate raw materials in many industries. Many industries are beginning to appreciate the value and the benefits of using recycled materials. It does not only save cost and energy for everyone, but it helps the Earth heal and become more sustainable for living. Due to the support and the growing awareness of its benefits, the recycling industry is expanding and becoming more profitable and viable.

Recycling Industry Market in the U.S.

In the U.S. alone, the market size of the Recycling Facilities industry, measured by revenue, is $9.4bn in 2022.  It is composed of 1,051 Recycling Facilities businesses and has increased by 0.9% from 2021. This industry also employs approximately 24,998 employees.  The annual market growth of the Recycling Facilities Industry from 2012 to 2022 is shown below:

With the above trend shown in the graph, the Recycling Industry in the U.S. is projected to increase at 6.8% per year on average between 2017 and 2022. Compared to the overall economy, this industry has accelerated at a faster rate over the years. In terms of market size, this industry is the 22nd ranked Administration, Business Support and Waste Management Services industry and the 544th largest in the U.S.

The business has grown by 0.9% from 2021 to 2022 due to the rise of waste materials during the pandemic and after. The table below shows a 3% CAGR in the U.S.

It is also worth knowing that the recycling rate throughout Minnesota reveals that it is one of the better U.S. states in terms of waste management. According to the most recent study, Minnesota’s statewide recycling rate is at 43.6% in 2020, which is an increase of 1.5% from 2019.

The U.S. is one of the largest producers of solid waste worldwide. Despite this industry growth in the U.S., the recycling industry is still considered low when compared to European countries. In fact, Germany is 65% higher. In a report done by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the total waste materials and products generated in 2018 was approximately 292.4 million tonnes. The breakdown shows that organic materials continued to be the highest contributor of waste in the U.S.

The above figure shows that paper and paperboard materials are the most recycled waste in the U.S.. It is approximately 66% of the 69 million metric tonnes of recycled Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) accounted for in 2018. Focusing on recyclable waste, following closely is plastic materials such as PET and HDPE bottles at 12.2%. However, according to the report this accounts for only 10% of the total U.S. plastic waste.

This means that 90% of U.S. plastic waste is not recycled and has actually been thrown into landfills or incinerated creating more pollution in the environment. The impact of this has already caught global attention resulting in increased support for the development of better recycling systems.

Raising awareness is the key for understanding the value of recycling in the U.S. To do this, the government declared November 15 as “America Recycles Day” where many Americans participate and raise awareness in the country.

Government Regulations

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates laws and programs on fish and fishery products under the provisions of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic (FD&C) Act and the Public Health Service Act. This Agency is responsible for research, inspection, compliance, enforcement, outreach, and the development of regulations and guidance.

In 1996, the FDA adopted its final regulations to ensure the safe and sanitary processing of fish and fishery products, including imported seafood. The regulations mandated the application of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles to the processing of seafood. HACCP is a preventive system of hazard control that can be used by processors to ensure the safety of their products to consumers.

The FDA is the one who publishes the Fish and Fisheries Products Hazards and Controls Guidance. This is an extensive compilation of the most up-to-date science and policy on the hazards that affect fish and fishery products and effective controls to prevent their occurrence.

The most recent guidelines released by the FDA was the Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance, June 2022 edition. It is intended to assist those in the industry to develop their own HACCP plans. The guidelines will help the business owners to:

  • Identify hazards associated with their products,
  • Formulate control strategies
  • Use it as a tool to ensure their compliance to HACCP plans

Worth noting also is the recent Minnesota State Regulation on Meat, Poultry, and Fish Products Sold by Weight (Minn. R. 1545.0290). This state law requires all fish and seafood products offered or exposed for sale shall be sold by weight. The quantity representation to be used in the sale shall be the total weight of the product.

Other regulations on Fish and Seafood products can be found in the Minnesota Statutes 2021, Chapter 31, cited as the “Minnesota Food Law”.  Specifically, the following are stated:

  • Fishery Products Rules (31.101, Subd. 9). This rule states that all functions of the Department of Agriculture pertaining to fish, shellfish and any similar products will be delegated to the Department of Interior by the Director of the Budget. They will be in charge of developing standards, performing inspection and certifications, and regulations of rates.
  • Meat Industry Division (31.60, Subd. 1). In relation to the above rule, this rule informs the creation of a Meat Industry Division in the Department of Agriculture which shall enforce and administer laws by the Commissioner of Agriculture relating to meat, fish, and dressed poultry.

Fisheries Legislation in Somalia

Many parts of the world are challenged by Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. These activities threaten the conservation and management of fish products in every country. It also diminishes the effort of national and regional organizations leading to the loss of both short and long-term social and economic opportunities. In effect, food security and the environment cannot be wholly protected. In Somalia, IUU has destabilized the coastal communities by threatening the livelihood and security of those living in the coastal areas of the country.

The Fisheries law of the Federal Republic of Somalia (Review of 2016) provides for the management and conservation of marine aquatic resources and habitat and the development of this industry. This Act designates 24 nautical miles of the coastline within a protection zone to protect fishermen. It also authorized the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources of Somalia to consult and cooperate with international and national government and non-government organizations.

By doing so, they will be able to plan, manage and develop programs to regulate the industry to include registration of fishing activities and licenses. The law also lists various prohibited acts such as dangerous fishing methods, catching of marine mammals and turtles, polluting fishing waters, destruction of coral reefs among others.

Recycling Facilities Industry Regulations

There is no national law in the United States that mandates recycling. However, state and local governments initiate their own recycling requirements. Each state collaborates across departments, and with non-profit organizations to implement a successful recycling program.

The EPA is tasked to regulate household, industrial, and manufacturing solid and hazardous wastes under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). In particular, the RCRA has the following objectives:

  • Protection from the hazards of waste disposal;
  • Conservation of energy and natural resources by recycling and recovery;
  • Reduction or elimination of waste; and
  • Cleaning up of waste that may have spilled, leaked or been improperly disposed of.

In 2014, Minnesota updated its recycling goals. It required all state agencies in the Twin Cities Metro Area to achieve a recycling rate of 75 percent or higher by the year 2030. Since 2016, the State Admin has partnered with the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) and the Minnesota Chamber of Commerce Waste Wise Foundation to implement changes in their recycling program.

The State Admin believes that over 90 percent of Minnesota’s waste can be recycled or composted. They believe that by upgrading their recycling programs, it will ensure meeting and even surpassing their legislative goals; and make them progress toward becoming a zero-waste workplace.

Market Trends

The African Marine Fisheries is valued at $24 billion per year. Based on the Quartz Africa report, small-scale fisheries are making the greatest contribution to the continent’s economy than the bigger players. The fisheries and aquaculture sector employs about 12.3 million people where 50% are fishers and the rest are from the fish processing and marketing sector. However, according to the report, Africa does not benefit from the rewards of this $24 billion worth industry.

There are several reasons for the inability of the fish industry to take off in the “Horn of Africa” region.

Switzerland has launched its Horn of Africa cooperation programme that focuses on social programs for this region. It  includes programs on good governance, food security, health, migration and the protection of vulnerable communities. Additionally, it focuses on Somalia and covers some areas of Ethiopia and Kenya in its borders. This also provides emergency aid as needed.

The program recognizes that the “Horn of Africa” is one of the world’s most conflict-prone and fragile regions. Some of the factors given are “protracted conflict and violent extremism, weak governance, and poor quality of public services.”  It also mentioned the impact of climate change as one of its challenges.

Despite all these challenges, the Horn of Africa is seen to have the potential to drive positive improvements in the region, including the roll out of mobile telecommunications, rapid digital innovation and an “agile global diaspora”. Switzerland has tapped a generation of young and connected citizens to work closely and create hope for the region.

Illegal, Unregulated, and Unreported Fishing (IUU)

The African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) fishing industries are continuously being challenged with various factors. The most severe is the presence of illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing or more commonly called IUU fishing. This activity results in the loss of millions of revenue annually. There are at least $458 million in losses for the Western and Central Pacific Ocean and another $136 million for the Pacific Island countries. In West Africa, IUU claims to have more than $974 billion losses per year.

IUU happens from shallow coastal waters to the remote stretches of the ocean. More often these activities happen to countries who:

  • Has undeveloped fisheries management or fisheries controls
  • Lack of resources to protect their our waters
  • Limited resources to enforce their fisheries regulations.

Africa and the Western Central Pacific has the highest rate of IUU activities, followed by the Bering Sea and Southwest Atlantic.

Offenders usually get away when caught practicing IUU. Money is the main driver of this obstacle. This happens because IUU avoids taxes or duties on their illegal catch.

To stop IUU fishing, some systems have started and are being negotiated. In June 2016, the Port State Measures Agreement (PSMA) was passed which is the first binding international agreement to stop IUU caught fish being traded in their countries. There are 68 nations and the European Union who signed their agreement and many await China, the world’s fishing superpower, to ratify it.

Other efforts are United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 14, “Life Below Water”,  World Trade Organization’s Ministerial Conference on fisheries subsidies, and national and industry efforts on increasing the traceability of seafood through technology.

The Rise of Piracy

The Somalia Fisheries Ministry admits to their inability to police its waters from piracy. Since the Horn of Africa has the longest coastline in the region, and owns at least 2 million square kilometers of the Exclusive Economic Zone located in the area outward of the sea, the country has a rich unexploited fish and fossil fuel as well. These unexplored resources can generate around $135 million income per year to Somalia. However, it is left to be exploited by pirates or foreign vessels.

Since 2018, Somalia has been working on collaborating with other international support groups and sharing agreements to include the implementation of a registration system for foreign and local vessels. In 2021, a new law was drafted by the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources which aims to unify all stakeholders to regulate and protect the growth of the fishing industry in Somalia.

Trade Barriers

Another issue that Somalians need to address is its lack of competitiveness in the international market. Most local fish producers fall short of the high product standards required by their international counterparts. Alongside this, Somalians may need to upgrade their storing facility infrastructure to cope with the growth of the fishing industry.

There are also illegal trade practices or cross-border trade happening in the country as revealed in a survey of IGAD Member States. Most of the respondents in the interview who were producers, middlemen, traders or dealers, reveal that there is either a better demand or a better price being offered by their neighboring markets. Another reason for these activities to be flourishing is tax avoidance and to steer clear of quality certification, license and other so-called “red tapism”.

This illegal trade activity mainly happens on the high seas. An example of this is when a fisherman who catches a big fish, and happens to be near some Yemeni boats who operate in the area, sells it as a whole fish for the sake of convenience. When this happens data on the total production of fishery and amount of revenue may not be recorded as the country’s trade income.

Climate Change

Climate plays a role in Somalia’s economy and livelihoods. The country’s economy is largely agricultural. This economic activity accounted for about 65% of the GDP and employment in 2017. In Somalia, climate change may cause severe hazards especially when droughts and floods occur. When drought happens, groundwater levels decline while water prices increase. Its effects such as sea surface warming, ocean acidification, rising sea levels and extreme weather events will definitely affect the fishing industry. These effects will destroy fish and aquatic habitat, as well as reduce fish stocks.

This region contributes little to the global greenhouse emissions but they are seen to be the most vulnerable and least prepared to face global warming. The brief reports that in the 2019 UN General assembly, African leaders across 48 countries used the term “climate change” 212 times. Further, under the Paris Agreement, developed countries offered $100 billion to African nations. However, this is also a challenge to the African countries as they have their own financial obligations and difficulty shifting to cleaner energy and green economies.

Post-Pandemic Events

A primary post-pandemic issue affecting the fish industry is the price volatility of fish products. In a publication from FAO, the increasing demand for tilapia products results in increased pricing for the said fish. Tilapia’s steady demand in the market during the pandemic was due to its low price and extensive availability as a frozen product. It is expected that its aquaculture production will increase after the pandemic but the increasing demand has also sent prices soaring. National Fisheries Institute (NFI) projects a 3% increase of global tilapia production in 2022. This growth is an indicator of post-pandemic recovery and resumption of business operations in the producing regions. Regardless of the increased supply, prices of tilapia will still increase due to the high demand of consumers and the increased freight and input costs of operation.

Aside from production drawbacks, the Horn of Africa has difficulty of reaching at least 60% herd immunity. Although the COVAX mechanism was designed to be distributed to low income countries at a reduced rate, only 20% of Africa’s population was allocated with them. In a recent report of the WHO, doctors are making every effort to strengthen health systems in the greater Horn of Africa. These countries suffered humanitarian crises brought on by drought, flooding, armed conflicts, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. A $16 million allocation, which is the largest allocation to date, from WHO’s Contingency Fund for Emergencies (CFE) was approved to benefit health emergencies in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. An estimated 80 million people in these countries are starving resulting from malnutrition. WHO wanted to counter both malnutrition and prepare the countries from outbreaks of diseases. It plans to set up a hub in Nairobi to build an emergency health force and preparedness response.

Trends in the Recycling Industries in the U.S.

According to RTS, a commercial waste and garbage disposal company, 5 key recycling and diversion insights should be kept in mind for 2022.

  • It is expected that governments will set stronger targets on recycling by imposing stricter recycling laws especially at the state level.
  • When China banned the import of plastics and other materials for them to process, this created the piling up of recyclable items in their landfills all over the world.
  • The rate waste is being recycled or diverted rose from 7% in 1960 to almost 35% today. Raising awareness by educating Americans is still the key especially for highly contaminated waste.
  • Donating a car saves 8,811 lbs of CO2 greenhouse emissions, correctly reusing a refrigerator eliminates 566 lbs of CO2 greenhouse gasses, and recycling plastic bottles saves 3,380 lbs.
  • Shifting to eco-friendly and virtue-based brands are already evident to most consumers. Some examples given are Method soaps, Rothy’s shoes and Beyond Meat.

Pandemic and Post-Pandemic Effects

The COVID-19 pandemic gave rise to a new type of waste known as the pandemic waste. Aside from categorizing these wastes as hazardous, the recycling industry has been challenged to develop advanced and safest ways to eliminate such waste. Pandemic waste includes face masks, gloves, masks, respirators and their packaging. The increase in the volume of plastic wastes from the pandemic has given another strain in the recycling industry.

Likewise, since the pandemic and until after, the growing trend of using e-commerce businesses generated more waste globally. Another article on recycling trends  promotes a “circular economy” vs. a “linear economy”, especially after the COVID-19 pandemic added more pressure on sourcing materials and manufacturing products.

The illustration above suggests that the recycling industry is likely to evolve into a “reprocessing industry”. Garbage trucks will not be used just to dump waste into landfills. Instead, it will be also used to return valuable resources found in the waste they collect and return it to manufacturers.

In the same manner, businesses may have to rethink the way they view raw materials. Soon, recycled materials and the current raw materials used by these businesses may be viewed as equal due to insufficiency and necessity. Sustainable practices will become the new normal.

According to Reuters, many recycling businesses worldwide have declined since the pandemic. The decrease is recorded at 20% in Europe, 50% in parts of Asia and 60% for some companies in the United States. In the article, Greg Janson of QRS recycling company says “his position would have been unimaginable a decade ago: The United States has become one of the cheapest places to make virgin plastic, so more is coming onto the market.” He also said that the pandemic made things worse for the industry. Mr. Janson is from St. Louis, Missouri, who has been in the recycling business for 46 years.

Improvements on the Identification of Recyclable Materials

China’s “National Sword” policy has shocked the world and not every country was ready for the repercussions. The U.S. Waste Management Services has been dependent on China for most of its recyclables and as a result it has not developed its own recycling infrastructure. The need to develop advanced waste recycling services to protect the people and the environment may pose an opportunity for additional types of service for the industry.

One suggestion to improve the current recyclable material indicator is to assist recycling facilities in differentiating the items. The numbered recycling symbols on the labels of recyclable products in the past were ineffective. Instead, the use of Radio Frequency Identification Technology (RFID) circuits to be embedded in the product package will be more effective. This technology is affordable and will ensure vital information like how to recycle the product, will be effective in avoiding contamination and confusion. Overall, new players who can launch new and advanced technology in the industry will give the industry hope.

Problems in the U.S. Recycling System

There has not been an economical or efficient way to handle recycling when the market in China disappeared. Most of the time, the recycling service of the government competes with the local funding of schools, policies and other state priorities. Most of the time, it loses to these. Stephanie Kersten-Johnston, an adjunct professor in Columbia University’s Sustainability Management Master’s Program and director of circular ventures at The Recycling Partnership, stated that “Without dedicated investment, recycling infrastructure won’t be sufficient. In addition, we need to resolve the simple math equation that currently exists — when it’s cheap to landfill, recycling will not be ‘worthwhile’ so we need to start to recognize what landfill really is: a waste of waste!” Aside from funding, another pressing issue is the accessibility of collection sites.

It is estimated that only 59% of U.S. single-family households have access to curbside recycling services. Also, 6% percent have no recycling services available at all. The government under Biden’s administration has repeatedly mentioned addressing climate change is his priority. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is tasked to oversee the National Recycling Strategy and to give the details about the administration’s approach to source reduction. According to critics, “source reduction,” which is a waste management approach, has been left out.

It is expected that the EPA “Green Guides” 2022 will be reviewed by the Federal Trade Commission. This guide, once finalized, will be a reference to recyclers, state and federal lawmakers to ensure accurate recyclability claims of products. The $350 million additional recycling-related funding, to include infrastructure investment, will be available by the end of 2022.

Recycling Milestones in Somalia

When one thinks of Somalia in East Africa, drought and tribal wars come to mind. The country may be lagging behind the global Environmental Performance Index, but a volunteer emerged from this country as a Recycling Hero. The Global Recycling Foundation announced that Abdi Hirsi, a volunteer with a motto “waste is a resource,” was awarded as one of the 10 Recycling Heroes of 2021.

Hirsi started around 20 years ago and he now owns a pioneering recycling company based in the capital Mogadishu. He began with a World Bank grant to operate a plastics recycling plant. Now his company is a recycling platform producing products for construction and serving 17 city districts.

Hirsi is one of the 10 awarded during the celebration of Global Recycling Day last March 18, 2022. A prize money of EUR 500 was given to the winners for their dedication and innovation in local recycling. Another success story in the recycling industry is the AADCO Paper Factory, which is the only paper manufacturing company in Somalia. With only 50 staff members, this paper company has diversified its business by starting the first recycling initiative of its kind in Somaliland.

AADCO now produces egg trays developed from waste paper for poultry companies who previously have been importing from China or Dubai. The company is now exploring other recycling initiatives in support of reducing environmental waste. One Earth Future and its Shuraako program has assisted AADCO in obtaining funding to expand their facilities, introduce new products and reduce dependence on color print covers and supplies. This only proves that even in conflict-affected areas, some will have the potential to soar to great heights.

Products and Services

A variety of different seafood products are sold under the Nearfish umbrella. There will be a chance to sell seafood into Ethiopia and Kenya, which are both growth economies, as well as Somalia and Somaliland. In addition, there is a large market opportunity for recycling in Somalia, potentially through strategic partnerships, which the company plans to pursue beginning in years 3 or 4.

Nearfish Seafood

However, at the outset Nearfish is focused on growing the seafood production portion of the business. The company plans a one-stop shop for both online and offline seafood orders. Nearfish will offer quality fish, meat, seafood, and frozen foods under one banner at one location.

commercial fishing business proposal

Competitive Advantages

Nearfish will differentiate from the competition with the following key advantages:

Quality Product Creates Better Outcomes for Customers

Nearfish intends to perform better than the competition by focusing on the quality of the product. Performance is not only about the results the company achieves but also how they are. For example, Nearfish will take individual responsibility for personal objectives and results across the supply chain. This will ensure that quality products are fished and sold.

Sustainability-Linked Fishing Practices for a Better Supply Chain

The company will obtain high-quality seafood from sustainable fisheries. This strategy is important to ensure sustainable fish stock for generations to come. Also, the company will only work with suppliers that have the same standards and views on this important concept. By harvesting from sustainable resources, it is the company’s belief these products deserve to be treated with high quality and respect.

Focusing on the Customer Always to Ensure Standards are Met

Nearfish will be the preferred seafood partner for customers. One way to attain this objective is to ensure all decisions are made with the customer in mind. By working together with customers in a long-term partnership, the company intends to add value.

Management Experience and Research Uniquely Positions the Company

The Nearfish management team also did research, and frequently travels, which has helped fully inform the selected markets. The research and travels form a bedrock for the work with customers to build long-term partnerships for mutual benefits.

Social Responsibility is a Key Driver for the Mission

The company embraces social responsibility. This philosophy will help YIFFIZ protect the positive image of the company. Nearfish intends to demonstrate this responsibility on a daily basis by respecting the culture, customs, and rules of customers and their communities. Also, the company will have open and honest communications with all customers and have the courage to express an opinion. Finally, YIFFIZ takes responsibility for actions and duties, performing them to the best of the company’s ability.

Key Success Factors

The company’s success depends on a variety of internal and external factors including:

Supply Chain Management: The logistics of a U.S.-based company entering into the fishing industry within the African continent presents certain challenges to Nearfish. Namely, purchasing the equipment and supplies needed to begin a fishing venture then transporting to Africa. On the other hand, if equipment is procured locally in Africa then key supplier relationships will be imperative.

Industry Knowledge: Through a combination of the management team and co-founders, Nearfish is uniquely positioned in the fishing industry with experience across the full lifecycle of fishing production. The team has mastered the art of building key supplier relationships, developed a concept for sustainably sourced fishing practices, and working on implementing in the target market. Specifically, Nearfish will also hire a team of fishermen and others to perform the work to the highest level of quality.

Strategic Partnerships: Working in the African continent within Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya primarily to start Nearfish must build key relationships with strategic partners. This includes wholesalers, distributors, and retailers in order to sell locally into these markets. The company must designate individuals who will develop and manage these relationships, in order to break into the mold.

Quality Management: Managing the consistency in fish quality will be imperative to the success of Nearfish. The company will be focused on sustainable fisheries and sourcing stock from these areas. The quality and nutrition of the Nearfish products will be a key competitive advantage. Therefore, adhering to strict internal quality standards, as well as other industry standards, will assist the company in meeting these goals.

Sales and Marketing Plan

Nearfish understands the importance of sales and marketing activities to accelerate the growth of the company. Activities at a high-level will include lead generation, such as contacting decision makers at large fishing distributors or retailers. The senior management team has key contacts, so these individuals will handle initial sales. The sales process involves making sales presentations and working with key stakeholders. Nearfish will be launching a public relations (PR) campaign, advertising campaign, and making public appearances. The company will pursue strategic alliances within the fishing industry.

For social media, one area to note is that the number of African social media users has risen continuously, amounting to over 384 million as of 2022. Social media presence is considerably higher in Northern and Southern Africa than in other regions, but the entire continent is growing the usage of various platforms. For platforms, Facebook has 72% of the user base; YouTube with 14%; Twitter with 7%; Pinterest and Instagram with 3% each; and finally, LinkedIn with 0.3%.

Several trade organizations will be critical to pursue relationships with. The National Fisheries Institute (NFI) is a leading advocacy organization in the U.S. for the seafood industry. The member companies represent every element of the industry from the fishing vessels at sea to the national seafood restaurant chains. Moreover, there is The National Coalition of Fishing Communities which is composed of American commercial fishing ports, businesses, and advocacy organizations.

The World Bank also offers opportunities to network and market within the African continent. The Global Program on Fisheries (PROFISH) provides information, knowledge products and expertise to help design and implement good governance. Drawing upon PROFISH’s results, the World Bank designed the West Africa Regional Fisheries Program (WARF-P), a $170 million investment covering coastal West Africa from Mauritania to Ghana.

In 2015, the Bank also approved the South West Indian Ocean Fisheries Governance and Shared Growth Program (SWIOFish), a $215.5 million investment covering East Africa and neighboring island countries. The African Union’s Agenda 2063 declared the Blue Economy to be “Africa’s Future,” and recognizes the key role the ocean plays as a catalyst for socioeconomic transformation.

Therefore, Nearfish is well-positioned to market the business, as well as build valuable relationships through networking groups to spearhead a campaign for growth. The company is focused on both inbound and outbound initiatives for sales and marketing, thus it will be imperative to explore all options particularly those relevant to the African continent.

Target Customer

commercial fishing business proposal

Business to Business (B2B)

B2B customers will be a key group for Nearfish to target. The company provides a one-stop shop for wholesalers and distributors as Nearfish sells quality fish, meat, seafood, and frozen foods under one banner at one location. Furthermore, the company will work with sustainable fisheries. This strategy is important for B2B to ensure sustainable fish stock for generations to come. Also, the company only works with suppliers that have the same standards and views on this important concept. By harvesting from sustainable resources, it is the company’s belief these products deserve to be treated with high quality and respect.

  • Employs between 3-50 employees
  • Doing business in Somalia, Ethiopia, or Kenya
  • Focused on sustainable fishing for the future
  • Established contacts with retailers and other market vendors
  • Generates between $0.5-$5M in annual revenue

Business to Consumers (B2C)

Consumers will also be a core customer group for Nearfish to target. The company provides a one-stop shop for individual consumers as Nearfish sells online under one banner at one location. This presents an opportunity for individuals to obtain high quality products from Somalia that are sustainably sourced. With the rise in sustainable products, this presents an opportunity to market directly to consumers who wish to buy fresh fish that is nutritious and without harmful additives.

  • Average household income of $40,000-$200,000
  • Lives in Somalia, Ethiopia, or Kenya as well as worldwide for online orders
  • Employed full or part time
  • Purchased a sustainable product within the past year
  • Bought seafood in the past year

Key Channels

With a number of different channels available, Nearfish has the ability to generate interest through marketing channels to different customers and markets. The following key channels are general areas that the company could market to through the budget it has.

Events (in person and virtual) : Events and conferences in the fishing industry will be key to the growth of Nearfish. This will ensure the company’s branding is seen in the market, specifically in-person. In addition, this will provide the company with the opportunity to network with key players in the fishing sphere. Some of these events are organized via social media, therefore it will be vital for the company to work with these organizers for sponsorship. As mentioned, the U.S. has several trade organizations and Africa is continually receiving investment as well as programs for the African fishing trade.

Social Media : The company will leverage social media advertising, curating content to reach each target market while specifically focused on fishing and sustainability. Social media channels will include Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, and Instagram as these are the top-4 most popular channels in Africa . Depending on the audience, content will be focused on fishing industry topics, the African continent fishing industry, tips and tricks, business and earnings information, or product and services for sale. The goal is to generate awareness and engage people with the Nearfish brand.

Google Advertising : The company will leverage the power of Google Ads to accelerate the awareness of the brand in the market. This will ensure that Nearfish is recognized as a leader. The website will benefit greatly from this activity in order to initially boost the page to first-page rankings, or other areas where ads are shown. The awareness of the fishing industry and available products will educate users on Nearfish. Google Ads typically requires a spend of at least $1,000 $for an effective campaign meanwhile there is the management too of the ads. Nonetheless, this key activity is vital for a business to rank on keywords for individuals to search on Google

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) : A great website needs search engine optimization to go along with it. Nearfish will utilize SEO best practices to rank on Google, as well as include ads management in the beginning to ensure it is shown to prospective clients. The key will be to also incorporate backlinks and blog content on the fishing and sustainability industries. The backlinks will allow Nearfish to showcase its suite of products, and key insights, on other websites to ensure it ranks more effectively. SEO takes time for businesses to implement properly. Sometimes this can take upwards of 2 years. However, once SEO begins to work then it allows a company to reduce ad spend.

SWOT Analysis

commercial fishing business proposal

Operational Plan

The Nearfish governance and management structure is built with scalability in mind. The team possesses years of experience in their respective fields, particularly seafood and fishing, to ensure that the initial business strategy, and ongoing operations run smoothly. The chain of command and hierarchy at Nearfish is intended to be collaborative, while respecting traditional structures of large, complex matrixed organizations. The Management Team at Nearfish currently consists of 5 members all co-founders. This operational section describes this chain of command, in further detail, and each operational area’s specific alignment to the overall business. A sound operational framework and tactical execution are specific advantages that the company will lean into, provided the previous business experience of the leadership team. The company’s operational timeline plans to take the company from a local Somalia seafood producer to a globally established and recognized brand. Nearfish will provide fresh, quality products to the African continent as well as worldwide.

Operational Process

The operational process for producing seafood for sale is extensive involving six key steps. The company will need to implement rigorous operational procedures, processes, and systems in order to integrate the supply chain.

  • There is technology support for resource management such as analyzing the amount of fish stock as well as fishing personnel.
  • Production and capture is the actual fishing component of the process as the ship and personnel catch stock.
  • The fish is transported back to the dock and the first producer point.
  • The company adds value-added products such as special packaging, handling, or other key features to add freshness and uniqueness.
  • Distribution and logistics are key to transporting the finished product.
  • Lastly, sales are made to consumers, restaurants, retailers, brokers, and large-scale buyers of the finished product.

Health & Safety

Commercial fishing is one of the most hazardous occupations worldwide. In the United States, for example, there is a fatality rate 29 times higher than the national average. Since 1991, the The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Western States Division (WSD) office in Alaska has conducted studies on fishing safety to reduce injuries and fatalities among fishermen. Studies show the greatest dangers to fishermen are falls overboard, vessel disasters, and machinery on deck. WSD identifies high-risk fisheries in the U.S., makes recommendations, and creates targeted interventions.

NIOSH recommends that all fishermen should:

  • Take a marine safety class at least once every 5 years.
  • Find a PFD and wear it on deck at all times.
  • Do monthly drills including abandoning ship, flooding, fire, and man overboard.
  • Heed weather forecasts and avoid fishing in severe conditions.
  • Maintain watertight integrity by inspecting and monitoring the hull of the vessel, ensuring that watertight doors and hatches are sealed.
  • Utilize a man overboard alarm system.
  • Test immersion suits for leaks if operating in cold water.

NIOSH recommends that all vessel owners/operators should:

  • Create a PFD policy for the crew while working on deck.
  • Conduct monthly drills including abandoning ship, flooding, fire, and man overboard.
  • Install a man overboard alarm system, and man overboard retrieval devices.
  • Install emergency stop (e-stop) devices on hydraulic deck machinery to prevent entanglement.
  • Ensure all crew members have completed marine safety training in the past 5 years.

Equipment & Inventory

Various gear types are used in commercial fishing. There are some regional differences to specific fishing practices, however in general these are the necessary items to launch a venture.

  • Bottom longlines
  • Bottom trawls
  • Fish aggregating devices
  • Green sticks
  • Hook and line
  • Midwater trawls
  • Pelagic longlines
  • Purse seines
  • Skimmer trawls

Somalia, Kenya, and Ethiopia are the initial geographies which Nearfish will target. Each has its own unique characteristics which the company is aware of and has analyzed.

Due to the fish-rich waters surrounding Somalia, the prospect of a commercial fishing industry supporting the livelihood of Somalis has caught the attention of investors and the international donor community. However, the fishing industry only contributes approximately 1 to 2% of Somalia’s GDP, despite the international efforts to strengthen the sector, due to its inability to reach global markets.  

Kenya’s fishing industry contributes approximately 0.5% of the national GDP and is about 2% of the national export earnings. The industry employs over 60,000 fishermen directly and an estimated 1.2 million people directly, or indirectly, work within the fishing, production and supply chain areas.

More than 183 fish species exist in Ethiopia. The potential of these water bodies is estimated to be 51,481 tonnes/year. Of this amount, only 30% of the capacity is being utilized. This figure is based on the socio-economic factors, resource availability, and religious influence on fish consumption.

6.5 Risk Analysis

Nearfish has identified the following risks, and established the proceeding mitigation plans:

commercial fishing business proposal

Key Personnel

Fishing Boat Captain

A fishing boat captain leads the crew for the vessel. They are responsible for all aspects of the safety and coordination of the ship’s operations. The captain will inspect the boat to ensure it is entirely safe for crew, and that it is seaworthy. Additionally, manages the evacuation of a boat and stays in position and control of the operation throughout. Ensures the proper docking and undocking of vessels. In this role, the captain also provides guidance across all aspects of the commercial fishing operation.

A commercial fisherman catches and traps various types of fish. The catch is for human and animal consumption, bait, and other uses. The commercial fisherman’s key responsibilities will include preparing the fish for sale, examining the fish for any defects or signs of poor health, and unloading the caught fish off the vessel. The fisherman can also perform minor repairs on fishing gear and equipment as needed.

Fish Cutter

Fish cutters are responsible for ensuring the fish cases are well-stocked with fresh, high-quality seafood products for customers. They receive, stock, cut, prepare, wrap, weigh, price, and merchandise seafood department products. The fish cutter is responsible for the fish once it is caught and unloaded to ensure that it is ready for consumption or sale.

Financial Plan

The following financial plan was conservatively developed including a pro forma income statement, cash flow statement and balance sheet.

Pro Forma Income Statement

commercial fishing business proposal

Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement

commercial fishing business proposal

Pro Forma Balance Sheet

commercial fishing business proposal

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commercial fishing business proposal


Use FishBizPlan to write your own commercial fishing business plan, for free!

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Support a vital loan application... Examine a re-engine project... Think about direct marketing...

FishBizPlan helps you better understand your fishing business. FishBizPlan is business planning tool designed just for fishermen!

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Fishing specific plan types.

Start your plan by choosing either a traditional commercial fishing plan or a direct marketing fishing plan

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We've included Helpful Tips to guide you through each section of your Plan

Industry Resources

Useful resources to help write your plan from within the fishing industry

 Sample Plans

Need help getting started? Check out the Sample Plan content in each section of your Plan


Easily work with a Partner or Reviewer of your choice—give them access to edit and/or comment on your Plan

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What more can we say?

The FishBizPlan Team

FishBizPlan was developed by a team of fishing industry and business management experts from across the United States.

Dave Burrage

Extension Professor Mississippi State University Mississippi - Alabama Sea Grant

Owner SeaFisk Consulting & Management LLC

Sarah Fisken

Fisheries Education Coordinator University of Washington Sea Grant

Pete Granger

Seafood Industry Specialist University of Washington Sea Grant

Marine Extension Associate University of Maine Maine Sea Grant

Associate Professor Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Program

Robert Craven

Director & Extension Economist Center for Farm Financial Management - University of Minnesota

Kevin Klair

Extension Economist University of Minnesota

Curtis Mahnken

Jeff reisdorfer.

Web Communications University of Minnesota

Laurie Dickinson

Principal OnlyConnect

FishBizPlan was made possible by funding from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and from technical help from the Center for Farm Financial Management at the University of Minnesota.

commercial fishing business proposal

A Complete Guide to Fishing

Beginner’s Blueprint: Launching Your Commercial Fishing Business with Success

How to start a commercial fishing business.

Are you passionate about the sea and looking for an opportunity to turn your love for fishing into a profitable venture? Starting a commercial fishing business can be an exciting endeavor, but it requires careful planning and preparation. In this guide, we will walk you through the essential steps to set up your own successful commercial fishing operation.

1. Research the Market

Prior to diving headfirst into the commercial fishing industry, conduct thorough market research. Gain insights into consumer demand, existing competition, and potential growth opportunities in your target area. This research will help you identify gaps in the market or niche segments that could give your business a competitive edge.

2. Develop a Solid Business Plan

A well-crafted business plan is crucial for any new venture, including a commercial fishing business. Outline your goals, financial projections, marketing strategies, and operational procedures within this document. A robust business plan serves as both road map and pitch tool when seeking funding from investors or applying for loans.

3. Obtain Required Licenses and Permits

Navigating legal requirements is essential in starting any regulated industry like commercial fishing. Contact local authorities or fishery departments to understand specific licenses or permits needed in order to operate legally. These may include vessel registration documents, catch permits, crew certifications/licenses (if applicable), and adherence to environmental regulations.

4. Secure Funding

The costs associated with launching a commercial fishing business can be substantial—vessels need purchasing/upgrading/maintenance; gear needs acquiring; licensing fees require payment; crew members need compensating—the list goes on! Explore financing options such as loans from banks specializing in marine ventures or seek out potential investors interested in supporting sustainable fisheries.

5. Acquire the Right Equipment

Your fishing equipment determines your catch’s quality and quantity, so investing in reliable gear is crucial. Research different types of fishing vessels and select one that aligns with your business goals—whether it is a small boat for coastal operations or a larger vessel for offshore fishing. Additionally, invest in appropriate nets, hooks, traps, and other tools depending on the type of fish you plan to target.

6. Build a Knowledgeable Crew

Skillful crew members are vital to the smooth operation of your commercial fishing business. Hire experienced fishermen who possess knowledge about various fish species, navigation techniques, maintenance skills, safety protocols, and emergency procedures at sea. A well-trained crew ensures efficient operations while prioritizing safety for all on board.

7. Develop Marketing Strategies

In today’s digital age, effective marketing strategies can significantly boost your commercial fishing business’s visibility and reach customers directly. Create an engaging website showcasing your sustainable practices and the high-quality seafood you offer to attract potential buyers worldwide through online channels.

8. Establish Strong Supply Chains

Finding reliable buyers should be a key aspect of establishing a profitable commercial fishing business since they play an essential role in distributing your catch to markets or restaurants promptly. Collaborate with local seafood wholesalers or retailers to ensure swift delivery from boat-to-plate while maintaining freshness throughout the supply chain.

The Bottom Line: Starting Your Commercial Fishing Business

To launch a successful commercial fishing business requires passion for the ocean as well as meticulous planning.—from market research to securing funding; obtaining legal permits; acquiring proper equipment; hiring skilled crew members; implementing effective marketing strategies; establishing strong supply chains—the road ahead might seem challenging but ultimately rewarding! By following these steps and adapting to changing market dynamics, you can build a sustainable and profitable fishing enterprise that meets both your financial goals and conservation efforts.

You Might Also Like:

Unlocking your california commercial fishing license: a comprehensive guide, the future of commercial fishing: exploring its prospects and possibilities, the size matters: exploring the dimensions of commercial fishing nets.

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Fishing Farming Business Plan

commercial fishing business proposal

A fishing farming business can be profitable through various revenue streams and cost management strategies. But to grow a business seriously you will need a business plan in place to guide you as a roadmap.

Need help writing a business plan for your fishing farming business? You’re at the right place. Our fishing farming business plan template will help you get started.

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Free Business Plan Template

Download our free business plan template now and pave the way to success. Let’s turn your vision into an actionable strategy!

  • Fill in the blanks – Outline
  • Financial Tables

How to Write A Fishing Farming Business Plan?

Writing a fishing farming business plan is a crucial step toward the success of your business. Here are the key steps to consider when writing a business plan:

1. Executive Summary

An executive summary is the first section planned to offer an overview of the entire business plan. However, it is written after the entire business plan is ready and summarizes each section of your plan.

Here are a few key components to include in your executive summary:

Introduce your Business:

Start your executive summary by briefly introducing your business to your readers.

Market Opportunity:

Optometry services:.

Highlight the fishing farming products & services you offer your clients. The USPs and differentiators you offer are always a plus.

Marketing & Sales Strategies:

Financial highlights:, call to action:.

Ensure your executive summary is clear, concise, easy to understand, and jargon-free.

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2. Business Overview

The business overview section of your business plan offers detailed information about your company. The details you add will depend on how important they are to your business. Yet, business name, location, business history, and future goals are some of the foundational elements you must consider adding to this section:

Business Description:

Describe your business in this section by providing all the basic information:

  • Finfish farming
  • Shellfish farming
  • Integrated fish farming
  • Inland pond fish farm
  • Describe the legal structure of your fishing farming company, whether it is a sole proprietorship, LLC, partnership, or others.
  • Explain where your business is located and why you selected the place.

Mission Statement:

Business history:.

If you’re an established fishing farming service provider, briefly describe your business history, like—when it was founded, how it evolved over time, etc.

Future Goals

This section should provide a thorough understanding of your business, its history, and its future plans. Keep this section engaging, precise, and to the point.

3. Market Analysis

The market analysis section of your business plan should offer a thorough understanding of the industry with the target market, competitors, and growth opportunities. You should include the following components in this section.

Target market:

Start this section by describing your target market. Define your ideal customer and explain what types of services they prefer. Creating a buyer persona will help you easily define your target market to your readers.

Market size and growth potential:

Describe your market size and growth potential and whether you will target a niche or a much broader market.

Competitive Analysis:

Market trends:.

Analyze emerging trends in the industry, such as technology disruptions, changes in customer behavior or preferences, etc. Explain how your business will cope with all the trends.

Regulatory Environment:

Here are a few tips for writing the market analysis section of your fish farm business plan:

  • Conduct market research, industry reports, and surveys to gather data.
  • Provide specific and detailed information whenever possible.
  • Illustrate your points with charts and graphs.
  • Write your business plan keeping your target audience in mind.

4. Products And Services

The product and services section should describe the specific services and products that will be offered to customers. To write this section should include the following:

Describe your product range:

Mention the fishing farming products your business will offer. This list may include:

  • Fingerlings
  • Grow-out fish
  • Mention the species of the fish too

Environmental service:

Quality measures.

: This section should explain how you maintain quality standards and consistently provide the highest quality service.

Additional Services

In short, this section of your fishing farming plan must be informative, precise, and client-focused. By providing a clear and compelling description of your offerings, you can help potential investors and readers understand the value of your business.

5. Sales And Marketing Strategies

Writing the sales and marketing strategies section means a list of strategies you will use to attract and retain your clients. Here are some key elements to include in your sales & marketing plan:

Unique Selling Proposition (USP):

Define your business’s USPs depending on the market you serve, the equipment you use, and the unique services you provide. Identifying USPs will help you plan your marketing strategies.

Pricing Strategy:

Marketing strategies:, sales strategies:, customer retention:.

Overall, this section of your fishing farming business plan should focus on customer acquisition and retention.

Have a specific, realistic, and data-driven approach while planning sales and marketing strategies for your fishing farming business, and be prepared to adapt or make strategic changes in your strategies based on feedback and results.

6. Operations Plan

The operations plan section of your business plan should outline the processes and procedures involved in your business operations, such as staffing requirements and operational processes. Here are a few components to add to your operations plan:

Staffing & Training:

Operational process:, equipment & machinery:.

Include the list of equipment and machinery required for fishing farming, such as fish tanks or pods, fish nets & handling equipment, feeding equipment, water quality management equipment, farm maintenance equipment, etc.

Adding these components to your operations plan will help you lay out your business operations, which will eventually help you manage your business effectively.

7. Management Team

The management team section provides an overview of your fishing farming business’s management team. This section should provide a detailed description of each manager’s experience and qualifications, as well as their responsibilities and roles.


Key managers:.

Introduce your management and key members of your team, and explain their roles and responsibilities.

Organizational structure:

Compensation plan:, advisors/consultants:.

Mentioning advisors or consultants in your business plans adds credibility to your business idea.

This section should describe the key personnel for your fishing farming services, highlighting how you have the perfect team to succeed.

8. Financial Plan

Your financial plan section should summarize your business’s financial projections for the first few years. Here are some key elements to include in your financial plan:

Profit & loss statement:

Cash flow statement:, balance sheet:, break-even point:.

Determine and mention your business’s break-even point—the point at which your business costs and revenue will be equal.

Financing Needs:

Be realistic with your financial projections, and make sure you offer relevant information and evidence to support your estimates.

9. Appendix

The appendix section of your plan should include any additional information supporting your business plan’s main content, such as market research, legal documentation, financial statements, and other relevant information.

  • Add a table of contents for the appendix section to help readers easily find specific information or sections.
  • In addition to your financial statements, provide additional financial documents like tax returns, a list of assets within the business, credit history, and more. These statements must be the latest and offer financial projections for at least the first three or five years of business operations.
  • Provide data derived from market research, including stats about the industry, user demographics, and industry trends.
  • Include any legal documents such as permits, licenses, and contracts.
  • Include any additional documentation related to your business plan, such as product brochures, marketing materials, operational procedures, etc.

Use clear headings and labels for each section of the appendix so that readers can easily find the necessary information.

Remember, the appendix section of your fishing farming business plan should only include relevant and important information supporting your plan’s main content.

The Quickest Way to turn a Business Idea into a Business Plan

Fill-in-the-blanks and automatic financials make it easy.


This sample fishing farming business plan will provide an idea for writing a successful fishing farming plan, including all the essential components of your business.

After this, if you still need clarification about writing an investment-ready business plan to impress your audience, download our fishing farming business plan pdf .

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Frequently asked questions, why do you need a fishing farming business plan.

A business plan is an essential tool for anyone looking to start or run a successful fishing farming business. It helps to get clarity in your business, secures funding, and identifies potential challenges while starting and growing your business.

Overall, a well-written plan can help you make informed decisions, which can contribute to the long-term success of your fishing farming company.

How to get funding for your fishing farming business?

There are several ways to get funding for your fishing farming business, but self-funding is one of the most efficient and speedy funding options. Other options for funding are:

  • Bank loan – You may apply for a loan in government or private banks.
  • Small Business Administration (SBA) loan – SBA loans and schemes are available at affordable interest rates, so check the eligibility criteria before applying for it.
  • Crowdfunding – The process of supporting a project or business by getting a lot of people to invest in your business, usually online.
  • Angel investors – Getting funds from angel investors is one of the most sought startup options.

Apart from all these options, there are small business grants available, check for the same in your location and you can apply for it.

Where to find business plan writers for your fishing farming business?

There are many business plan writers available, but no one knows your business and ideas better than you, so we recommend you write your fishing farming business plan and outline your vision as you have in your mind.

What is the easiest way to write your fishing farming business plan?

A lot of research is necessary for writing a business plan, but you can write your plan most efficiently with the help of any fishing farming business plan example and edit it as per your need. You can also quickly finish your plan in just a few hours or less with the help of our business plan software .

How do I write a good market analysis in a fishing farming business plan?

Market analysis is one of the key components of your business plan that requires deep research and a thorough understanding of your industry. We can categorize the process of writing a good market analysis section into the following steps:

  • Stating the objective of your market analysis—e.g., investor funding.
  • Industry study—market size, growth potential, market trends, etc.
  • Identifying target market—based on user behavior and demographics.
  • Analyzing direct and indirect competitors.
  • Calculating market share—understanding TAM, SAM, and SOM.
  • Knowing regulations and restrictions
  • Organizing data and writing the first draft.

Writing a marketing analysis section can be overwhelming, but using ChatGPT for market research can make things easier.

How detailed should the financial projections be in my fishing farming business plan?

The level of detail of the financial projections of your fishing farming business may vary considering various business aspects like direct and indirect competition, pricing, and operational efficiency. However, your financial projections must be comprehensive enough to demonstrate a complete view of your financial performance.

Generally, the statements included in a business plan offer financial projections for at least the first three or five years of business operations.

About the Author

commercial fishing business proposal

Upmetrics Team

Upmetrics is the #1 business planning software that helps entrepreneurs and business owners create investment-ready business plans using AI. We regularly share business planning insights on our blog. Check out the Upmetrics blog for such interesting reads. Read more

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Starting a Fishing Business: Tips, Strategies, and Best Practices

Linda Johnson

Starting a Fishing Business

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Starting a fishing business can be both exciting and daunting. It requires careful planning, research, and investment in resources and equipment. However, with the right strategies and best practices, it’s possible to build a profitable and sustainable fishing business that provides value to customers and contributes to the local community.

In this article, we will cover everything you need to know about starting a fishing business, including research and planning, legal and regulatory compliance, financing options, marketing and promotion, operational management, and other essential topics.

Table of Contents

Research and Planning: The Importance of Fishing Business Research

Research and Planning: The Importance of Fishing Business Research

Before diving into the business world, it’s crucial to conduct thorough research and planning. This involves identifying a profitable niche, conducting market research, and creating a detailed business plan. Here are some tips for successful fishing business research:

1. Identify Your Niche

There are several niches within the fishing industry that you can choose from based on your skills, interests, and resources. Some popular options include recreational fishing, commercial fishing, charter fishing, and sport fishing. Each niche has advantages and disadvantages, so it’s essential to research and compare each option before deciding.

2. Conduct Market Research –

Once you have identified your niche, the next step is to conduct market research. This involves gathering data on customer preferences, demand, competition, and pricing. To do this, you can use various methods such as online surveys, focus groups, interviews, and competitor analysis.

3. Create a Business Plan –

A business plan is a detailed document that outlines your goals, strategies, tactics, and financial projections for the next few years. This plan should include information on your target audience, marketing strategy, operational management, product development, and financial forecasting.

Legal and Regulatory Compliance

The legal and regulatory compliance requirements for starting a fishing business can vary depending on the location and type of business. However, there are some general tips to help you get started:

1. Obtain Necessary Licenses

Depending on your location, you may need licenses from local or state authorities. For example, in California, you may need to obtain a commercial fishing license, a charter boat license, or a sport fishing license depending on the type of business you are starting.

2. Register Your Business

To operate as a legal entity, you must register your fishing business with the appropriate state agency. This involves filling out various forms and paying fees.

3. Ensure Product Quality

As a fishing business, it’s essential to ensure that your products meet certain quality standards. This includes using environmentally friendly practices and following guidelines for food safety and handling. In addition to these requirements, you may also need to obtain permits or certifications from local authorities, depending on the type of business and location.

It’s crucial to research and understand the legal and regulatory compliance requirements in your area, as failure to do so can result in fines, penalties, and other legal consequences.

Financing Your Business

Financing your fishing business can be challenging due to the high cost of equipment, boats, and other resources required. However, there are several financing options available that can help you secure the necessary funds for starting or expanding a fishing business. Here are some tips for securing financing for your fishing business:

A loan is a popular financing option for starting or expanding a fishing business. You can obtain loans from banks, credit unions, or other financial institutions. To qualify for a loan, you must have good credit and provide collateral if required.

Grants are funds that do not need to be repaid. Government agencies, foundations, or non-profit organizations typically award them. To obtain a grant for your fishing business, you’ll need to research and apply for grants that match your business goals and objectives.

3. Investors

If you have a well-established fishing business with strong financials, you may be able to secure financing from investors interested in investing in your company. To attract investors, you’ll need to create a compelling investment pitch that outlines the benefits of investing in your fishing business.

4. Crowdfunding

Crowdfunding is an alternative option that allows you to raise funds from many people via online platforms such as Kickstarter or Indiegogo. This can be a good option if you have a unique or innovative product and want to test the market before investing in large-scale production.

Is Magnet Fishing Legal in Texas

In addition to these financing options, you may also want to consider leasing equipment or partnering with other fishing businesses to share costs and resources.

When managing your finances, it’s essential to create a detailed budget that includes all expenses and revenue projections for the next few years. This will help you identify areas where you can cut costs and optimize your financial performance.

Financing your fishing business is an essential part of starting or expanding a successful fishing business. By exploring various financing options such as loans, grants, investors, and crowdfunding, you can secure the necessary funds to build a profitable and sustainable fishing business that provides value to customers and contributes to the local community.

Remember to create a detailed budget, manage your finances carefully, and monitor your financial performance over time to ensure long-term success.

Marketing and Promotion

Marketing and Promotion

Marketing and promotion are essential for building brand awareness and attracting new customers to your fishing business. Here are some tips for effective marketing and promotion strategies:

1. Build a Website or Social Media Presence –

In today’s digital age, it’s crucial to have a website or social media presence to showcase your products, services, and brand. This can help you build brand awareness, reach new customers, and engage with existing ones.

To build a website, you may want to consider hiring a professional web developer or using a website builder platform such as WordPress or Squarespace.

For social media, platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter are popular for fishing businesses due to their visual nature and ability to reach large audiences.

2. Engage with Customers

To build customer loyalty and engagement, it’s essential to provide exceptional customer service and engage with your customers regularly. This can include responding to inquiries promptly, providing helpful tips or advice for fishing, and creating opportunities for feedback and suggestions.

3. Partner with Local Businesses

To expand your reach and attract new customers, you may want to consider partnering with local businesses such as hotels, resorts, or restaurants that cater to tourists or locals interested in fishing. This can help you build relationships with other business owners and provide opportunities for cross-promotion and referrals.

4. Attend Trade Shows and Events –

To showcase your products and services and meet potential customers, it’s essential to attend trade shows and events in the fishing industry. These events can provide valuable networking opportunities, help you stay up-to-date on industry trends and best practices, and provide opportunities for learning and education.

5. Use Advertising and Promotion Tactics

To reach new audiences and promote your products or services, it’s essential to use advertising and promotion tactics such as print ads, radio ads, or online advertising platforms such as Google AdWords or Facebook Ads. These tactics can help you build brand awareness and attract new customers interested in fishing.

What's the Best Barometric Pressure for Fishing

Marketing and promotion are crucial for building brand awareness, engaging with customers, and promoting your products or services to a larger audience.

By building a website or social media presence, engaging with customers, partnering with local businesses, attending trade shows and events, and using advertising and promotion tactics, you can create a powerful marketing strategy that helps you stand out in the fishing industry and attract new customers over time.

Operational Management

Operational management is essential to running a successful fishing business. To ensure that your operation runs smoothly and efficiently, here are some tips for effective operational management:

1. Manage Inventory

Managing inventory is crucial to maintaining a steady supply of products while minimizing waste and costs. Here are some ways to manage inventory effectively:

a) Track inventory levels : Keep track of the quantity of inventory on hand at all times. This can help you avoid stockouts or overstocking, leading to wasted resources and lost revenue.

b) Set up reorder points : Determine when to place a new order for inventory based on your sales data and lead times. This will help you avoid shortages and ensure that you always have enough inventory on hand to meet customer demand.

c) Monitor inventory turnover rates : Calculate the number of times inventory is sold or used within a certain period (typically one year). A higher inventory turnover rate indicates that inventory is being used efficiently, while a lower turnover rate may indicate inefficiencies in your operation or product selection.

2. Hire Staff

To ensure that you have the right staff for your fishing business, it’s essential to hire qualified and experienced individuals who are passionate about fishing and committed to providing exceptional customer service. Here are some ways to hire staff effectively:

a) Develop job descriptions : Create detailed job descriptions that outline the roles and responsibilities of each position in your operation. This will help you attract candidates with the right skills and experience for each job.

b) Conduct background checks : Perform thorough background checks on all potential hires to ensure they are trustworthy, reliable, and free from criminal or legal issues that could affect their ability to perform their job duties.

Does Rain Make Fishing Better?

c) Provide training and development opportunities : Offer ongoing training and development opportunities to help your staff acquire new skills and stay up-to-date on industry trends and best practices. This will help retain talented staff members, improve productivity and efficiency, and provide better customer service.

To ensure that your products meet or exceed customer expectations, it’s essential to implement strict quality control measures in all aspects of your operation. Here are some ways to ensure product quality:

a) Use environmentally friendly practices: Implement sustainable fishing practices and use eco-friendly equipment to minimize the environmental impact of your operation and appeal to customers who value environmental responsibility.

b) Follow food safety and handling guidelines: Ensure all staff members are trained in food safety and handling best practices, including proper storage, preparation, and cooking techniques. This will help you prevent foodborne illnesses and maintain a high level of product quality.

c) Monitor customer feedback: Listen to your customers’ feedback and suggestions, and use this information to improve your products and services over time. This can help you build brand loyalty and attract new customers who value your commitment to product quality and customer service.

Operational management is essential for running a successful fishing business. By managing inventory effectively, hiring qualified staff members, and ensuring product quality, you can create a high-performing operation that provides exceptional customer service while maintaining a competitive edge in the marketplace.

How can the time it takes to fish impact starting a fishing business?

When starting a fishing business, the fishing duration guide for anglers is crucial. The time it takes to fish directly impacts the success of the business. Understanding peak fishing times and how duration affects catch rates is essential for attracting and retaining customers. A thorough understanding of fishing duration can make or break a fishing business.

This concludes our series on starting and operating a successful fishing business. By following the tips and strategies outlined in this guide, you can build a profitable and sustainable fishing operation that provides value to customers and contributes to the local community.

Conduct thorough research, create a detailed business plan, ensure product quality, obtain financing, develop effective marketing and promotion strategies, and implement sound operational management practices.

With hard work, dedication, and a commitment to excellence, your fishing business can thrive in a competitive industry, providing exceptional service and value to customers for years.

About the author

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Linda Johnson is a marine biologist with over 15 years of experience. She has spent a large portion of her career studying fish behaviour and habitats.

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Commercial Fishing

U.S. fisheries provide jobs for our coastal communities and throughout a much broader seafood industry, while also providing a healthy food choice for citizens nationwide—more than 80 percent of U.S. landed seafood is used for human consumption.

We work to sustain commercial fishing in U.S. federal waters by studying fisheries and providing guidance and support to the nation's eight regional fishery management councils. Working closely with commercial and recreational fishermen, we have rebuilt numerous fish stocks and managed to create some of the most sustainably managed fisheries in the world.

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In 2019, U.S. commercial fishermen landed 9.3 billion pounds of seafood valued at $5.5 billion.

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In 2015, Alaska led all states in both volume (6.0 billion pounds) and value of landings ($1.8 billion). In addition to Alaska, the top states for volume or landings include Louisiana, Washington, Virginia, Maine, Massachusetts, and Mississippi.

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The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act is the primary law governing marine fisheries management in U.S. federal waters. Key objectives of the Act are to prevent overfishing, rebuild overfished stocks, increase long-term economic and social benefits, and ensure a safe and sustainable supply of seafood.

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Catch shares dedicate a secure share of fish to individual fishermen, cooperatives, or fishing communities for their exclusive use. By allowing catch share holders to fish until they reach their quota, fishermen have an economic incentive to catch their allocation at the least cost by planning around the weather, markets, or other business considerations.

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We maintain a foreign trade database dating back to 1975 that allows users to summarize U.S. foreign trade in fishery products. Users can summarize the kilos and dollar value by year, product, country, and type of trade. This data comes from the Foreign Trade Division of the U.S. Census Bureau, which is responsible for compiling information submitted by importers and exporters to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection.

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Dear fishermen and dealers,

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Resources by Region

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U.S. marine fisheries are the largest in the world—covering 4.4 million square miles of ocean. In the United States, we manage fisheries to support our domestic seafood supply, protect ecosystem health and sustainability, create jobs and support economic and social benefits, and provide fishing opportunities for all types of fishermen.

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Magnuson-Stevens Act 

The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act is the primary law governing marine fisheries management in U.S. federal waters. Key objectives of the MSA are to prevent overfishing, rebuild overfished stocks, increase long-term economic and social benefits, and ensure a safe and sustainable supply of seafood.

Regional Fishery Management Councils 

The MSA created eight regional fishery management councils responsible for the fisheries in their region that require conservation and management. The councils develop and amend fishery management plans, set annual catch limits, develop research priorities, implement rebuilding plans, and conduct public meetings.

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Introduced in the 1990s, ecosystem-based fisheries management has evolved to become a cornerstone of our efforts to sustainably manage the nation’s marine resources. Unlike traditional fishery management approaches, ecosystem-base fisheries management provides a more holistic approach to fisheries management—one that takes into account the complex suite of biological, physical, economic, and social factors associated with managing living marine resources.

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Implement ecosystem-level planning.

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Prioritize vulnerabilities and risks of ecosystems and their components.

Explore and address trade-offs within an ecosystem.

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Maintain resilient ecosystems.

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Managing fisheries sustainably is an adaptive process that relies on sound science, innovative management approaches, effective enforcement, meaningful partnerships, and robust public participation. Effective fishery management starts with accurate scientific information about fish and fisheries. In fact, U.S. law requires that fishery managers use the best science available to make fishery management decisions.

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We maintain a national database of U.S. commercial fishery landings data dating back to 1950. Updated weekly, this dataset includes landings made by the domestic fishing fleet in the United States. Landings made by U.S. vessels in territories and foreign ports are not included. You can search annual landings data by region, state, and species.

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Foreign Trade (Imports and Exports)

We maintain a foreign trade database dating back to 1975 that allows users to summarize U.S. foreign trade in fishery products. Users can summarize the kilos and dollar value by year, product, country, and type of trade. This data is purchased from the Foreign Trade Division of the U.S. Census Bureau , which is responsible for compiling information submitted by importers and exporters to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection .

Market News

Fishery Market News is a joint federal/industry program that provides accurate and unbiased reports depicting current conditions affecting the trade in fish and fishery products. Market News takes the pulse of the market. Other services might try to diagnose the market, but Market News merely observes, records, and reports on current conditions. With offices located in Boston, Long Beach, New Orleans, New York, and Seattle, you can find the a wealth of information in Market News including nationwide reports and as well as reports from Japan.

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To support sound science and effective stewardship of our living marine resources, we work collaboratively through partnerships to provide every fisheries data stakeholder with easy access to comprehensive information on the nation's fisheries. We work to continuously improve the quality, timeliness, and integrity of fishery dependent data collection, storage, and dissemination programs.

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Fishery Products

We conduct an annual survey of all seafood processors that operate in the United States. This is the only comprehensive survey of the U.S. seafood processing industry and is the source of all regional and national statistics describing this portion of the industry. Reports generated from these statistics include Fisheries of the United States and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization's yearbook—Fishery Statistics-Commodities. Data is also used for calculating annual U.S. seafood consumption for determining the value-added margins and consumer expenditures related to commercial fisheries and in the assessment of the impacts of changes in fishery management plans and the impacts of natural disasters. Industry trade organizations and members of the industrial and financial communities use the data to make business decisions affecting the fishing and seafood industries.

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Our scientific stock assessments are critical to modern fisheries management. Using data gathered from commercial and recreational fishermen and our own on-the-water scientific observations, a stock assessment describes the past and current status of a fish population or stock, answers questions about the size of the stock, and makes predictions about how a fishery will respond to current and future management measures.

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Cooperative research provides a means for commercial and recreational fishermen to become involved in the collection of fundamental fisheries information to support the development and evaluation of management options. In cooperative research, industry and other stakeholders can partner with NOAA Fisheries and university scientists, in all phases of the research program, including survey/statistical design, conducting of research, analysis of results, and communication of results.

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Economics and Social Science

We use economic and social science research to evaluate the benefits and costs of different management actions, to prioritize management needs, and to create policy design that maximizes societal benefits from ocean and coastal resources in a sustainable way. Commercial fisheries economic analysis includes:

  • Estimating harvest of target species and marketable bycatch species.
  • Predicting bycatch of protected species.
  • Assessing fishing capacity and the cost of reducing overcapacity.
  • Predicting entry/exit into fisheries.
  • Determining the contribution of commercial fishing to local, state and national economies. 

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The annual report on shark finning in the United States.

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How to Start a Commercial Fishing Business: Tips and Guidelines

How to Start a Commercial Fishing Business: Tips and Guidelines

Are you someone who loves the thrill of adventure and wants to take on an exciting business venture? Starting a commercial fishing business might just be the answer for you! Not only will you have the opportunity to earn a good income, but you will also get to be out on the water daily. You will also be able to set your own schedule and be your own boss.

Starting a commercial fishing business may seem daunting at first, but with a little bit of hard work and determination, you can make it happen. First, you’ll need to research the industry and find out what type of fishing you want to do. You can choose from freshwater or saltwater fishing, or even specialize in certain species of fish. Once you’ve figured out your niche, it’s time to get your hands on the necessary equipment such as nets, lines, and boats. You can either purchase new gear or buy second-hand, making sure that everything is in good condition.

Another essential part of starting a commercial fishing business is getting all the necessary permits and licenses. Make sure you check with your local and state regulatory authorities to ensure you have everything in place before starting operations. Next, it’s time to build relationships with buyers. Make sure you have a reliable source for selling your catch, and network within the industry to build up your client base. With these basic steps in mind, you’re well on your way to starting your very own commercial fishing business. Conducting Market Research

When starting a commercial fishing business, it’s important to conduct thorough market research. This helps to identify the demand for your product and determine if it’s a viable business opportunity. Here are some steps to conduct market research:

  • Define your target market: Identify the consumer base you are targeting for your commercial fishing business. Are you selling your catch to restaurants or grocery stores? Are you targeting local consumers or those in faraway places?
  • Research the competition: Look into other commercial fishing businesses in your area. Determine their products, target market, pricing, and marketing strategies. This information can help you position your business differently or identify gaps in the market.
  • Identify the demand: Determine if there is a market need for your product. Are people willing to pay for fresh fish or seafood? Are there any seasonal variations in demand?

By conducting market research, you can gain a deeper understanding of your target audience and potential customers. This information can help you develop a more effective marketing strategy, set the right price for your products, and tailor your product offerings to meet demand.

Assessing Startup Costs

Starting a commercial fishing business may seem like a daunting task, but with proper planning and evaluation of startup costs, it can be achievable. Apart from the typical expenses such as licenses and permits, equipment, and insurance, there are other costs that a potential fisherman should consider when launching a commercial fishing business.

  • Vessel: Purchasing or leasing a boat is one of the most significant costs in starting a commercial fishing business. The price of a boat may range from a few thousand dollars to hundreds of thousands of dollars, depending on its size, age, and type of fishing it’s used for.
  • Gear and Equipment: Apart from a vessel, a fisherman needs a range of gear and equipment such as fishing nets, lines, hooks, buoys, and traps. The cost of these items can add up quickly and should be factored into the startup costs.
  • Fuel and Maintenance: Fuel and maintenance expenses can also take up a significant chunk of the budget, especially if the boat is not energy-efficient or requires frequent repairs.

Aside from these basic expenses, there are also other costs that a commercial fisherman should consider.

One example is the cost of food and lodging for the crew. Fishing trips can last for several days, and the crew needs to be fed and housed during this time. The cost of food and lodging should be added to the startup budget.

Another consideration is the cost of marketing and selling the catch. Fishermen can sell their products to restaurant chains, fish markets, and supermarkets, but there are costs associated with transporting and packaging the catch. These expenses should also be factored in when assessing the startup costs of the business.

Properly assessing the startup costs of a commercial fishing business can help fishermen plan their finances and determine how much funding they need to get started. By considering all the necessary expenses, they can ensure that they have enough funds to launch and sustain their business effectively.

Applying for Necessary Licenses and Permits

Starting a commercial fishing business involves more than just buying a boat and setting sail. Before you can cast your first line, you need to ensure that you have all the necessary licenses and permits required by law. This process can be overwhelming, but with some preparation, you can navigate the application process with relative ease.

  • Research: The first step in obtaining the necessary licenses and permits is researching the requirements for your specific area. This information can be found on the websites of state and federal agencies, or by contacting your local fish and wildlife office. Make a list of the licenses and permits needed, as well as any regulations that need to be followed.
  • Application: Once you have determined which licenses and permits you need, the next step is to fill out the appropriate applications. Many agencies now offer online application forms, which can save time and ensure that the information is legible. Be sure to provide accurate and complete information, and to follow any instructions carefully.
  • Cost: Most licenses and permits come with a fee, and the cost can vary depending on the type and location of your business. Make sure to include these fees in your start-up costs, and budget accordingly.

Some of the most common licenses and permits required for commercial fishing businesses include:

Obtaining the necessary licenses and permits can be a complex process, but it’s an important step in starting a successful commercial fishing business. By researching the requirements and preparing your applications carefully, you can ensure that your business is legal and compliant with all regulations.

Purchasing or leasing fishing vessels

One of the most crucial aspects of starting a commercial fishing business is acquiring a fishing vessel. Buying or leasing a vessel depends on your budget and the type of fishing you plan to undertake. Here are some things to consider:

  • Budget: Buying a boat can be expensive. You need to consider the cost of the vessel, insurance, maintenance, fuel, and other related expenses. If you have a limited budget, leasing a boat may be a better option.
  • Type of fishing: The type of fish you plan to catch will determine the size and type of boat you need. If you’re fishing in shallow waters, a small boat with a lower draft will work. For deep-sea fishing, you’ll need a larger boat with more power.
  • New or used: While a new boat may have a warranty and less maintenance, it can be costly. A used boat may require more maintenance, but it can help you save significantly.

It’s also important to decide on your crew and the number of crew members you will need. You will need a captain to steer the boat, deckhands to handle the fishing gear, and a cook to prepare meals for the crew. Make sure you have enough space and facilities for your crew members.

To make an informed decision, research the different types of fishing vessels available, their features, and their prices. You can also consider talking to other fishermen to get a better understanding of the boats they use and their experiences. Below is a table outlining the types of fishing vessels available and their features.

After weighing your options, you should have enough information to decide whether to purchase or lease a fishing vessel. Whichever option you choose, make sure you do your due diligence and buy or lease a vessel that’s suitable for your fishing needs.

Selecting and Purchasing Necessary Equipment and Gear

Starting a commercial fishing business requires selecting and purchasing the right equipment and gear to ensure success. Here are five key factors to consider:

  • Determine the type of fish you want to catch: This will determine the type of gear you need to buy. For example, if you are going after lobster, you will need traps, while if you are catching tuna, you will need rods and reels. Research the type of fish in your area you want to catch so you can determine the right equipment.
  • Consider the size of your boat: The size of your boat will determine the amount of gear you can carry and the size of the equipment you can use. Make sure to choose a boat big enough to accommodate the gear you need and the crew that will be working with you.
  • Choose quality equipment: Fishing gear can be expensive, but investing in high-quality equipment will pay off in the long run. Cheaper gear may break more easily or not perform as well, leading to losses in time and money. Invest in equipment that is durable, efficient, and well-suited for your needs.
  • Purchase the necessary safety equipment: Fishing can be dangerous, so it’s important to have appropriate safety equipment on board. Life jackets, flares, and a first aid kit are just a few examples of necessary safety gear. Check local regulations to ensure you have all required safety equipment on board.
  • Keep a record of your expenses: Starting a commercial fishing business can be expensive, so make sure to keep a record of all purchases and expenses. This will help you stay on budget and plan for future purchases or upgrades.

Investing in the right equipment and gear is crucial to starting a successful commercial fishing business. Take the time to research, plan, and purchase the right equipment so that your business runs smoothly and you can focus on maximizing your catch.

Creating a Business Plan

Starting a commercial fishing business requires careful planning and preparation. One of the most critical steps is creating a well-thought-out business plan. A business plan helps you define your goals, target market, budget, marketing strategies, and projections for your business’s future growth.

  • Executive Summary: This section should present a concise overview of your business, including your vision, mission statement, and primary goals.
  • Market Analysis: This section should introduce your target market, competitors, industry trends, and market share projections.
  • Marketing and Sales Plan: In this section, you must outline your marketing and sales strategies and budget, including advertising, promotions, and sales projections.

Your plan should also include a detailed financial plan that outlines your expected income, expenses, and profits. It should include revenue projections based on market demand and operating costs. Additionally, a financial plan should include a cash flow statement with a breakdown of monthly expenditures over a specified period, like one year or three years.

Finally, when writing your plan, make sure it’s flexible and adaptable enough to adjust to changes in the market or new opportunities that may arise. Review and update your plan regularly to ensure that it remains relevant and aligned with your business’s goals and objectives.

Identifying Potential Suppliers and Buyers

When starting a commercial fishing business, it is important to identify potential suppliers and buyers to ensure a steady and profitable operation. Here are some tips on how to identify potential suppliers and buyers:

  • Research the market: Before starting a commercial fishing business, it is essential to research the current market trends. This will give you an idea of the demand for your catch and the potential buyers who may be interested in purchasing it.
  • Networking: Attend fishing industry events and connect with other commercial fishermen, buyers, and suppliers. This will help you build a network of contacts and potential business partners.
  • Online resources: Use online resources such as social media platforms, forums, and industry websites to find potential suppliers and buyers. You can also join online marketplaces to connect with potential buyers.

Once you have identified potential suppliers and buyers, you should establish relationships with them to ensure a long-term and stable business. This can involve negotiating contracts, building trust, and maintaining open communication.

Here is an example of a potential supplier and buyer for a commercial fishing business:

A fish processing and packaging plant can provide your commercial fishing business with a secure and reliable option for processing and packaging your catch. This can save you time and money compared to doing it yourself. On the other hand, a seafood distributor can be a potential buyer for your catch, providing you with a guaranteed market for your product.

Hiring and training staff

One of the most crucial aspects of starting a commercial fishing business is hiring and training staff. The success of your business depends largely on the competencies and dedication of the individuals you hire to work on your vessel or in your processing plant. Setting up a strong team begins with attracting the right candidates, screening them carefully and providing effective training to get them up to speed.

  • Define the Roles and Responsibilities: Before you start recruiting, it’s important to have a clear understanding of the roles and responsibilities required by your fishing business. This will help you to identify the skills and traits needed to perform these jobs. Use this information to create detailed job descriptions that accurately reflect the requirements of each position and the expectations of the candidate.
  • Screening Candidates: It’s important to have a rigorous screening process to identify the most capable candidates for the job. This process should include a review of resumes and applications, a behavioral interview, and reference checks. Additionally, it’s wise to have the candidates undergo a physical examination and drug test to ensure they can perform the job’s duties safely and responsibly.
  • Provide Effective Training: After hiring, ensure that you provide effective training to get your employees up to speed. The training should focus on the specific job requirements and also cover safety protocols and procedures. This will help your team to understand their roles and responsibilities fully and perform their duties safely and effectively. Ongoing training and development opportunities will keep your staff motivated, ensuring that they continue to deliver excellent results over time.

Managing Staff

Managing staff in a commercial fishing business is critical to your success. It’s essential to ensure that your team stays positive, motivated, and committed to achieving the business’s goals and objectives. Here are some essential tips for managing your staff effectively:

  • Communicate Often and Clearly: Ensuring that you communicate effectively with your staff is critical. Keep them updated on business operations, policy changes, and other information that can impact their jobs. It’s also vital to encourage your staff to provide feedback so that you can make adjustments to improve their satisfaction and job performance.
  • Set Clear Expectations: Be clear about what you expect from your staff and what you require from them to achieve the business’s goals. Setting goals and expectations will provide employees with direction, motivation, and purpose, leading to more efficient and productive work.
  • Reward Success: Positive reinforcement is one of the most effective ways to motivate and reward staff. Recognize and reward employees who perform exceptionally and meet targets. It will encourage them to stay committed to your business’s success and work harder towards achieving its goals.

Retaining Staff

Retaining staff is critical to your business’s success and stability, particularly in the commercial fishing industry, where experienced and skilled staff can be challenging to find. Here are some ways to retain your staff:

  • Offer Competitive Salaries and Benefits: A competitive salary and benefits package is one of the most effective ways to attract and retain capable staff. Make sure that your compensation and benefits package is on par with your industry competitors and meets your employee’s needs.
  • Create a Good Working Environment: Creating a positive working environment can help to increase job satisfaction and attract and retain capable staff. Ensure that your business is clean, well-maintained, and equipped with modern equipment and technology.
  • Encourage Growth and Development: Providing opportunities for growth and development can help to retain capable staff. Offering training and development opportunities and career progression paths will motivate your staff to stay with your business and continue to contribute to its success.

Hiring and training your staff is one of the most important investments you can make in your commercial fishing business. By ensuring that you attract, screen, and train capable staff, you can increase your business’s productivity, profitability, and stability, and mitigate many of the risks associated with the industry.

Developing a Marketing Strategy

Starting a commercial fishing business requires more than just catching fish. You also need to develop a marketing strategy to ensure that you can effectively sell your catch and generate revenue. Here are some key considerations to keep in mind:

  • Identify your target market: Who are the primary buyers of the fish you plan to catch? Are you targeting seafood distributors or local restaurants? Knowing who your target market is will help you tailor your marketing efforts to their needs.
  • Research your competition: What other fishing businesses exist in your area? What are their strengths and weaknesses? Understanding your competition can help you identify ways to stand out and differentiate your business.
  • Define your unique selling proposition: What sets your fishing business apart? Do you use sustainable methods, or can you offer a wider variety of fish than your competitors? Identifying your unique selling proposition can help you craft messages that resonate with buyers.

In addition to these key considerations, there are several marketing strategies you can utilize to help promote your business:

  • Online marketing: Create a website or social media presence for your fishing business to help reach potential buyers. Share photos and information about your catch, as well as any sustainable fishing practices you use.
  • Networking: Attend seafood and fishing industry events to meet potential buyers and partners. You can also join industry groups or associations to help raise your profile.
  • Trade shows: Participate in trade shows to showcase your products and generate sales leads. Make sure to have marketing materials available, such as business cards and brochures.

Creating a Marketing Plan

To help ensure that your marketing efforts are effective, it’s important to create a comprehensive marketing plan. This plan should outline your goals, target market, unique selling proposition, and marketing tactics. It should also include a budget and timeline for your marketing activities.

A marketing plan like this can help you stay focused and measure the success of your efforts. By identifying specific goals and tactics, you can more effectively allocate your marketing budget and ensure that your messaging is reaching your desired audience.

Developing a marketing strategy is an essential part of starting a commercial fishing business. By understanding your target market, differentiating your business, and utilizing effective marketing tactics, you can increase your chances of success and generate revenue from your catch.

Establishing safety protocols and practices

Starting a commercial fishing business comes with many risks and hazards. To ensure the safety of the crew and equipment, it is essential to establish safety protocols and practices. In this section, we will cover the following:

Developing a safety plan

Training and education for crew members

Vehicle and equipment inspections

Creating a safety plan is the first step in establishing safety protocols for your commercial fishing business. The plan should outline potential hazards and risks associated with fishing activities. It should also contain protocols that will be followed in case of emergency and include safety equipment and procedures. The plan should be made with the involvement of all crew members to ensure that everyone understands the importance of safety measures in the workplace.

The success of a commercial fishing business largely depends on the skills and experience of the crew members. It is important to ensure that all crew members receive proper training and education to handle fishing activities and emergencies. They should also be familiar with the safety protocols and procedures outlined in the safety plan. Training should be ongoing to keep the crew updated on any changes in regulations and equipment.

Regular maintenance and inspections of vehicles and fishing equipment are crucial to avoid accidents and equipment failure. Before each trip, all equipment should be inspected thoroughly, and any faulty equipment should be replaced. All vehicles should also be checked to ensure they are in good condition and have all necessary safety equipment, such as lifejackets and fire extinguishers.

In conclusion, developing a safety plan, providing training and education to crew members, and conducting regular vehicle and equipment inspections are essential in establishing safety protocols and practices for your commercial fishing business. This measures will not only protect your crew and equipment but also increase the productivity and profitability of your business.

FAQs About How to Start a Commercial Fishing Business

1. what kind of equipment do i need to start a commercial fishing business.

You will need a variety of equipment including fishing gear, boats, and safety equipment. Depending on the type of fishing you plan to do, you may also need nets, traps, and other specialized gear.

2. How do I get a commercial fishing license?

You will need to contact your local Department of Fish and Wildlife to obtain a commercial fishing license. Requirements for obtaining a license vary by state, but generally include proof of residency, a completed application, and completion of a safety course.

3. Where can I sell the fish I catch?

You can sell your catch to a variety of markets including seafood processors, restaurants, and local fish markets. It’s important to research the market demand for the fish you plan to catch before getting started.

4. How much money do I need to start a commercial fishing business?

The cost of starting a commercial fishing business can vary greatly depending on the size and scope of your operation. Start-up costs can include equipment, licensing fees, and facilities. It’s a good idea to create a comprehensive business plan to help determine your overall costs and funding needs.

5. How do I ensure the safety of my crew and myself while out on the water?

You should have a detailed safety plan in place that includes emergency protocols, updated safety equipment, and regular crew training. It’s also important to be aware of weather and water conditions and to make sure all members of your crew are properly trained in handling potential hazards.

6. What type of fishing should I specialize in?

The type of fishing you specialize in will depend on the location of your business and market demand. It’s important to research the competition and market demand before deciding on a specific type of fishing.

7. How can I market my commercial fishing business?

You can market your business through various channels including social media, advertising, direct mail, and word-of-mouth referrals. It’s important to develop a marketing strategy that is tailored to your specific business needs.

Closing Paragraph: Thank You for Reading!

Starting a commercial fishing business can be an exciting and rewarding venture. By researching the market demand, properly equipping your operation, and developing a comprehensive safety plan, you can set yourself up for success. Remember to obtain the necessary licenses and permits, research the competition, and develop a marketing strategy tailored to your specific business needs. Thanks for reading, and we hope you visit us again soon for more helpful tips and advice.

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commercial fishing business proposal

Small Business Trends

How to start a fish farming business.


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There are several types of fishing farming businesses. You can grow fish to be eaten as, to be stocked for anglers, or to supply aquariums. Fish farming doesn’t always require a large body of water. For many species, fish farms can be located indoors or outdoors.

Getting started raising farmed fish does require a significant financial outlay. You can make good profits, depending on the type of fish farming you do and the fish species you choose.

We’ll take you step by step, from how to get started to how to run the business.

How To Start Fish Farms: 14 Key Steps

You have a myriad of decisions to make. Beyond deciding whether to operate indoors or outdoors, there are other key choices. What kind of fish should you farm? What type of business will your farmed fish supply – the food industry? Sport angling?

One consideration that will help you make a choice is to take a look at the competition in the area. The fish farming segment of the aquaculture industry is steadily growing. If someone in your geographic location already has a lock on live tilapia, for instance, you may want to consider other fish.

commercial fishing business proposal

1. Decide on the Fish Species You will Farm

Freshwater – Tilapia and catfish are the most common species grown in the US. Both are fast growers. Tilapia are often the chosen species for indoor fish farming because of their need for a constant warm water temperature between 82 and 86 F. Worldwide, carp (Common, grass, silver and Rohu)are the most commonly grown species. Rainbow trout are the most common trout species grown.

Saltwater – Atlantic Salmon farms are a big niche of the aquaculture industry. Farmed salmon can be grown in cages or net pens that are set into salt water. Bluefin tuna are another popular fish species, also grown in a cage system or net pens, to keep them separate from wild fish.

Glass eels are the juvenile stage of the European eel and an important part of the food chain. They are grown and cultivated as a fish feeds for species that are carnivores, such as farmed salmon and other aquatic animals and marine mammals. They aren’t grown to become food. They are key parts of the food chain when you’re raising fish – such as bluefin tuna and even salmon – that eat other smaller fish.

British Columbia and Vancouver Island lead the world in salmon farming. Asian markets lead the world in demand, with South America showing strong growth.

2. Choose Your Fish Farming Method

  • Classic Fry Farming – Using a flow through system of tanks, trout are raised from eggs to fry (fingerlings). This is a common method to raise trout to be released for sport anglers.
  • Single species – indoors or outdoors, one species at a time. In the fishing industry, this method is advised for newcomers to farming fish
  • Composite fish culture – Five or six species are raised in a single pond. The species must be noncompeting. In other words, the species have different needs for food and habitat.

3. Site Selection

Choose a site that has access to clean water and is suitable for the type of fish farming you plan to do. Consider factors like water source, soil quality, and proximity to markets.

4. Name Your Business

You need to name your business and register it with your secretary of state. Check to find out if you need specific permits to use existing ponds.

5. Create an Amazing Business Plan

You’ll need capital to buy needed equipment and a system to keep water clean and aerated. The integrated recycling systems are expensive, but the price has come down in recent years due to numerous technological advances.

Check into government-backed loans. Fish farming as part of aquaculture systems is considered to be an “alternative” agriculture organization. As an alternative agriculture organization, it may qualify for special financing.

Parts of the Plan:

  • Start small. Gain experience raising fish while reducing the likelihood of disaster.
  • Set aside capital for startup costs. Pursue loans as needed after you’ve had successful production
  • Know your target market and begin promoting your business.
  • Calculate operating costs.

6. Handle the Legal Stuff

If you’re going to do fish farming outdoors, you need to research any possible environmental impacts and regulations. You could create a negative environmental impact if you pond discharges into a waterway that continues onto another property. Fish can produce a significant amount of waste.

You can also be cited and fined if your fish escape and mix with wild fish. That could possibly cause disease in wild fish or introduction of nonnative species in the natural environment.

If you’re going to be selling fish alive, you’ll need to look into regulations involving their transport.

Obtain the required permits to operate your business. Decide how you want to set up your business – are you a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation or limited liability company?

commercial fishing business proposal

7. Decide on a Location

What’s the perfect location to build a series of ponds? The best soil type for ponds has a lot of clay.

Pond design is different for different species. Catfish are bottom feeders. Other species, such as carp, lurk near the surface. Other fish inhabit the water depth in between.

There are elements in pond design that don’t change. You need good inflow and outflow, into an irrigation ditch. You need enough space between ponds to allow for moving equipment, feeding and harvest. You may have to provide screens and other protective barriers to protect the fish from predators.

You need to protect the surrounding environment from any waste produced by the fish.

8. Water Quality Management

Implement systems to monitor and manage water quality, as it is critical for the health and growth of the fish.

9. Acquire All the Equipment Needed

Pumps – Aeration is essential. Fish need sufficient oxygen to survive and grow.

Water testing – water quality and temperature should be monitored 24/7. Sometimes chemicals must be added in small quantities to balance the water pH.

Water treatment – a water purification system. An ultraviolet light is also recommended to kill pathogens.

Hydroponic beds – Not a “must have” but an attractive system. Here’s how it works. Fish are being raised indoors in tanks or vats. Nearby, hydroponic beds are positioned for growing plants. The waste water from the fish tanks fertilizes the plants in the hydroponic beds. The most common pairing for this set up is tilapia and herbs.

Heavy equipment – If you’re operating indoors, this can be as simple as having basic equipment for moving feed from a storage building to the fish growing building. If you’re outdoors, you’ll need heavy equipment that can maintain the inflow and outflow areas of the ponds, even reconstructing areas if needed.

Nets – you’ll need nets or cages if you’re growing fish such as salmon in the sea. New studies have proven that nets made of a copper alloy are a big improvement. The copper alloy in the nets prevents the growth of algae and fungi. Copper alloy nets can also be used for harvest.

10. Design Your Pond

Remember, deep ponds aren’t needed. In fact, if you’re starting with a deep pond, you’ll want to construct cages to restrict the fish to that depth. The pond should only be 4-6 feet deep. The size depends on your farm design.

Here’s a rule of thumb to factor: The stocking rates of a pond are based on surface acreage, not pond volume. The stocking rate is from 2,000 to 6,000 pounds per acre. The rate is dependent on the species of fish.

How many gallons of water are in a pond? If you wanted a pond with a million gallons, it would be 267 feet long, 50 feet wide and 10 feet deep.

11. Fish Health Management

Develop a health management plan to prevent and control diseases. This includes regular monitoring and timely treatment of any health issues.

12. Create Your Pond

The best land for pond construction is flat or gently sloping, with plenty of clay in the soil. Remember to leave land around the ponds, to make it easier to feed and harvest the fish.

You can hire a contractor for this work.

13. Hire Staff

The best manager is a person who knows how to monitor water.

Feeding the fish is like most farming businesses – there are chores that have to be done every day. Fish can’t go over a weekend without food or attention to their water quality.

Also similar to many “land” farming industries – you may hire seasonal staff at harvest time.

14. Market Your Fish Farm

There are two ways to sell fish:

  • Wholesale – live fish sold to processing plant.
  • Retail – Fish sold directly to groceries or restaurants. Retail sales typically earn $1 more per pound than wholesale.

commercial fishing business proposal

Running Fish Farms: A Complete Guide

You’ve built it. What’s next? Let’s review.

Optimum Conditions for Raising Farmed Fish

The key conditions for effectively raising farmed fish include ample water flow, an abundant supply of oxygen, and plentiful food. It’s critical to maintain a controlled environment that promotes the fish’s growth and health. Ensuring this not only improves the quality of the yield but also enhances the fish’s resistance to diseases. The oxygen level in the water plays a critical role in the fish’s metabolic activities. Furthermore, an appropriate quantity and quality of feed are integral to the fish’s growth and weight gain.

Feeding the Fish

To achieve a favorable feed conversion ratio, you will need approximately 1.5 to 2 pounds of feed for each pound of fish produced. These feeding ratios are crucial in aquaculture to optimize efficiency and sustainability. With the current cost of feed, it typically takes about 60 cents to produce one pound of fish, making it a cost-effective venture. Generally, fish are fed two times a day to maintain their health and accelerate growth. This frequency can be adjusted depending on the species of fish and their life stage.

Harvesting the Fish

When it’s time to harvest the fish, if the fish are being raised outdoors, the ponds are sometimes partially drained to facilitate netting. The process of harvesting requires careful planning to reduce stress and injury to the fish. Past methods of harvesting fish have been prohibited due to their inhumanity and replaced by humane treatment. In today’s practices, fish are often killed by percussive or electric stunning. These methods ensure a swift and stress-free end for the fish, which can also have positive effects on the quality of the meat.

What is a Fish Farm?

A fish farm is a place where fish are artificially bred and grown. The name for the practice of fish farming is pisciculture.

Composite fish culture can be a type of pisciculture. In this type of fish culture, five or six species of fish are grown in the same pond. Pisciculture is part of aquaculture. Aquaculture also includes growing crustaceans and mollusks.

Fish farms also vary in size and function, catering to different markets – some focus on local consumption, while others target the global seafood market. The choice of species and farming method also depends on climatic conditions, available resources, and market demands.

Why You Should Start a Large-Scale Fish Farming Business

It can be expensive to start large-scale fish farms and much of the work involves physical labor. So why start large-scale fish farming?

  • Fish are seen as the main source of seafood for the next 20 years.
  • Already, 30% of the fish eaten each year by people are grown on farms.
  • Compared to farming land animals, the business of raising fish is growing at 3 times the rate.
  • Farms can be located in ponds , pools or tanks, or in cages/nets in off shore cultivation.
  • Commercial fishing is limited by quotas and is seasonal. Farming fish can take place year round, with no limits to the number you raise.
  • Fish farms can be profitable and environmentally friendly.
  • According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, wild populations of fish are at risk, and raising farm fish can supply the world’s need for food.

Large-scale fish farming also plays a crucial role in global food security. With declining natural fish stocks, farmed fish offer a more sustainable and controlled way to meet the world’s growing protein needs. Moreover, advancements in aquaculture technology have made fish farming more efficient and environmentally friendly.

commercial fishing business proposal

Indoor Fish Farming Vs Outdoor: Which is the Best Business Model?

Fish need oxygen, fresh water and food. Whether or not you choose to operate indoors or outdoors depends on your ability to provide those 3 key elements in your chosen location.

You may be thinking outdoors if you already own land with existing ponds. But existing ponds aren’t always the best choice, often because they are too deep. That makes it difficult to net fish.

Pond systems shouldn’t be more than 4 to 6 feet deep, and should be drainable. You need a reliable source of fresh water. As a general rule, you need 15-20 gallons per minute per surface acre of water.

With indoor or outdoor systems, water must be pumped from a well to get to those numbers.

Indoor systems eliminate potential problems such as escaped fish and predation. With indoor it is easier to maintain optimal water quality, because you’re not subject to outdoor elements. It is also easier to control the temperature.

Some fish like the water quite warm. Tilapia, for example, need a water temperature between 82-86 F degrees.

In comparing indoor and outdoor fish farming, consider factors like climate control, disease management, and scalability. Indoor systems offer greater control over environmental conditions, reducing the risks of diseases and parasites. However, outdoor systems can be more cost-effective and offer more space for expansion.

How Much Does it Cost to Start Fish Farming?

Costs vary between indoor and outdoor set ups for raising fish. Building a pond can cost between $3,000 and $10,000. Indoor tanks can be less expensive, from $1,000 to $3,000.

Let’s look at basic needs for raising fish – oxygen, water and food.

  • Oxygen – whether you’re indoors or outdoors, you’ll need a water recirculating or aeration system. You can get by with an aeration system, for each tank or pond, and one of those will cost between $1,000 and $3,500. An integrated water recirculating system can cost a significant amount, from $10,000 to $100,000.
  • Water – You’ll need a minimum flow of 15 gallons per minute per surface acre of water. Obviously this cost would be exorbitant if you used metered water. You’ll need a good well.
  • Food – Commercial feed, pellets or fish meal, are readily available. But feed is 70% of operational cost. Some large scale farmed fish operations produce their own fish food pellets or fish meal. Farmed fish are artificially fed. Fish such as salmon can be fed smaller fish.

If you’re constructing ponds, expect a cost of about $2,000 for each acre of surface area.

After meeting the basic needs, you’ll need to calculate the cost of insurance. You’ll need a comprehensive policy so that you’re covered by “crop” failure. Fish can be wiped out by disease, or die because of mechanical or electrical equipment failures.

Costs can also vary depending on the species of fish farmed. Some species require more specialized equipment or feed, impacting the overall startup costs. Additionally, consider the ongoing costs of utilities, labor, feed, and maintenance when budgeting for your fish farm.

Things to Consider Before Starting

Just as with traditional “land” farm crops, conditions in fish farming must be consistently monitored and adjusted as needed throughout the process. This involves checking and regulating water quality parameters like pH, temperature, and oxygen levels. Moreover, keeping an eye on feed quality and quantity is necessary to ensure healthy growth. In addition, regular health check-ups help identify any potential diseases and provide early treatment. Also, note that potential external threats, such as predators or invasive species, need to be managed.

Inflow and Outflow

It’s essential to maintain a steady water flow in the pond of about 15-25 gallons per minute for each acre. This flow aids in oxygenation and the removal of waste products. The inflow and outflows should be kept free of debris to prevent blockage and ensure a healthy environment for the fish. It’s crucial to monitor these flows regularly as changes in flow rate can affect water quality. Additionally, an appropriate inflow and outflow system assists in maintaining the right water level in the pond.

Occasionally, ponds must be drained so that you can remove unwanted vegetation and dredge out mud. This process helps in maintaining the water quality and prevents the accumulation of harmful substances in the pond. Good drainage also aids in controlling aquatic pests and diseases. Moreover, it ensures a healthy environment for the fish and aids in their growth and reproduction. Draining a pond is a crucial management practice and should be performed responsibly to avoid any potential harm to the surrounding environment.

Disease Control

Fish can face a variety of health challenges, such as fungal infections, intestinal worms, bacterial diseases, and protozoa. Regular health check-ups and early intervention can help mitigate these issues. Among these, sea lice, also known as fish lice, can cause a significant problem. These parasites latch onto the skin of fish, particularly salmon, and can spread rapidly through the water. If unchecked, sea lice can pose a substantial threat to both farmed and wild fish populations.

Predator Control

Controlling predators is another key aspect of fish farming. Species like ducks and geese can pose problems for fish farms. They are part of the life cycle of several common fish parasites, which can drastically affect the health of the fish. In addition, mammals such as raccoons and bears can pose a threat by treating the farm as an easy source of meals. It’s, therefore vital to have predator control measures in place to protect your investment and ensure the well-being of your fish.

Water Pollution

Poor water quality, often resulting from stormwater runoff, can occur, especially during periods of heavy rains. Runoff can wash contaminants into outdoor fish ponds, deteriorating the water quality and threatening the fish’s health. Maintaining good water quality is thus crucial to the success of fish farming. If the water quality deteriorates significantly, it can become unsuitable for fish, leading to mass mortality. To prevent this, regular water testing and monitoring are needed, and preventive measures should be in place.

Space Between Ponds

Providing adequate space between ponds is essential for managing and maintaining your fish farm efficiently. This space allows for the easy movement of equipment required for feeding fish and harvesting them. Regular maintenance activities on the ponds, especially concerning the inflow and outflow, also necessitate accessibility by heavy equipment. Adequate spacing also helps prevent the spread of diseases between ponds and facilitates better overall farm management.

Environmental Concerns

If you’re farming outdoors, it’s crucial to ensure that the fish stay within the structures you’ve built. Taking preventative measures can help eliminate the possibility of farmed fish escaping and becoming invasive species or introducing diseases into wild fish populations. The environmental impact of aquaculture is a matter of increasing concern, and responsible practices can contribute significantly to the sustainable development of the industry. As a responsible fish farmer, your role is not only to maximize production but also to minimize potential adverse effects on the environment.

commercial fishing business proposal

In summary, starting a fish farming business requires careful planning and consideration of various factors such as the type of fish to farm, the farming method, location, cost, and market demand.

With a growing emphasis on sustainable food sources, fish farming offers a viable solution to meet global seafood needs. By focusing on sustainable practices, efficient resource management, and market-driven strategies, fish farming can be a profitable and fulfilling enterprise.

FAQs: Fish Farming

How do i start fish farming.

Starting a fish farm involves several key steps. Begin by conducting thorough market research to understand the demand for different fish species in your area. This will help you decide which species to farm.

Next, determine whether an indoor or outdoor setup would be most suitable based on your location and resources. Indoor systems offer more control over the environment but may involve higher initial costs, whereas outdoor ponds may require less technical setup but need adequate land and water resources.

Securing sufficient capital is crucial, as initial expenses can be significant. Create a detailed business plan that outlines your vision, operational strategy, budget, and projected financials.

This plan will be vital for securing loans or investments if needed. It’s also essential to understand the legal requirements and obtain necessary permits before starting operations.

What is aquaculture?

Aquaculture, often referred to as fish farming, involves the breeding, raising, and harvesting of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and even aquatic plants in a controlled environment.

It can be practiced in various water bodies, ranging from freshwater ponds and rivers to marine environments like the ocean. The goal of aquaculture is to produce seafood for consumption, restock wild populations, and build aquarium collections.

It also plays a significant role in preserving endangered species and is increasingly seen as a solution to meeting the global demand for seafood while reducing the strain on wild fisheries.

Is fish farming easy?

Fish farming, like any form of agribusiness , requires dedication, knowledge, and hard work. It’s not just about feeding and harvesting fish; it involves managing water quality, ensuring the health of the fish, and maintaining the right environmental conditions.

Successful fish farming demands a combination of aquaculture expertise, business acumen, and the ability to respond to unforeseen challenges such as disease outbreaks or environmental changes. It’s a complex process that requires constant learning and adaptation.

While rewarding, fish farming is a demanding profession that needs a commitment to both the science and the business of aquaculture.

How much does a fish farmer make per year?

The income of a fish farmer can vary widely based on factors such as the scale of the operation, the types of fish farmed, and the efficiency of the farming practices. On average, fish farmers in the United States earned between $44,000 and $54,000 annually as of 2021.

However, this figure can be higher for larger, more efficient operations or those specializing in high-demand species. Income can also fluctuate year-to-year based on market conditions, operational efficiency, and environmental factors.

What is the most profitable fish to farm?

The profitability of farming a particular fish species depends on factors like market demand, growth rate, and the cost of rearing. In the United States, tilapia, catfish, and salmon are among the most profitable species.

  • Tilapia : Often raised indoors due to their need for consistently warm water, tilapia farming can be highly profitable because of the fish’s rapid growth and high market demand. The indoor setting allows for year-round production and better control of environmental conditions.
  • Catfish : Popular in outdoor ponds, catfish are relatively easy to raise and resilient to diseases. They have a steady market, especially in the southern United States, making them a profitable choice for many farmers.
  • Salmon : Farmed mainly in ocean or brackish water cages and pens, salmon have a high market value and demand, especially for species like Atlantic and Bluefin tuna. However, salmon farming requires significant investment and expertise.

For many large-scale operations, producing their own fish feed can significantly reduce operational costs, which can account for up to 70% of expenses. This is particularly true for salmon farming, where feed often comprises live fish.

Can Fish Farming be Green?

Fish farming can certainly be conducted in an environmentally sustainable manner. The key is adopting practices that minimize negative impacts on the environment.

This includes efficient feed management to reduce waste, maintaining water quality to prevent pollution, and ensuring that farmed fish do not escape into the wild, which could disrupt local ecosystems.

Advances in technology have also led to more sustainable practices like recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS), which recycle water and reduce waste output.

Responsibly managed fish farms can contribute to food security while minimizing their ecological footprint, making aquaculture a potentially green and sustainable industry.

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Commercial Fishing Business Plan Template

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How to start a commercial fishing business plan template

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Why write a business plan?

  • Business Plans can help to articulate and flesh out the business’s goals and objectives. This can be beneficial not only for the business owner, but also for potential investors or partners
  • Business Plans can serve as a roadmap for the business, helping to keep it on track and on target. This is especially important for businesses that are growing and evolving, as it can be easy to get sidetracked without a clear plan in place.
  • Business plans can be a valuable tool for communicating the business’s vision to employees, customers, and other key stakeholders.
  • Business plans are one of the most affordable and straightforward ways of ensuring your business is successful.
  • Business plans allow you to understand your competition better to critically analyze your unique business proposition and differentiate yourself from the market.
  • Business Plans allow you to better understand your customer. Conducting a customer analysis is essential to create better products and services and market more effectively.
  • Business Plans allow you to determine the financial needs of the business leading to a better understanding of how much capital is needed to start the business and how much fundraising is needed.
  • Business Plans allow you to put your business model in words and analyze it further to improve revenues or fill the holes in your strategy.
  • Business plans allow you to attract investors and partners into the business as they can read an explanation about the business.
  • Business plans allow you to position your brand by understanding your company’s role in the marketplace.
  • Business Plans allow you to uncover new opportunities by undergoing the process of brainstorming while drafting your business plan which allows you to see your business in a new light. This allows you to come up with new ideas for products/services, business and marketing strategies.
  • Business Plans allow you to access the growth and success of your business by comparing actual operational results versus the forecasts and assumptions in your business plan. This allows you to update your business plan to a business growth plan and ensure the long-term success and survival of your business.

Business Plan Content

  • Executive Summary
  • Company Overview
  • Industry Analysis
  • Consumer Analysis
  • Competitor Analysis & Advantages
  • Marketing Strategies & Plan
  • Plan of Action
  • Management Team

The financial forecast template is an extensive Microsoft Excel sheet with Sheets on Required Start-up Capital, Salary & Wage Plans, 5-year Income Statement, 5-year Cash-Flow Statement, 5-Year Balance Sheet, 5-Year Financial Highlights and other accounting statements that would cost in excess of £1000 if obtained by an accountant.

The financial forecast has been excluded from the business plan template. If you’d like to receive the financial forecast template for your start-up, please contact us at [email protected] . Our consultants will be happy to discuss your business plan and provide you with the financial forecast template to accompany your business plan.

Instructions for the Business Plan Template

To complete your perfect commercial fishing business plan, fill out the form below and download our commercial fishing business plan template. The template is a word document that can be edited to include information about your commercial fishing business. The document contains instructions to complete the business plan and will go over all sections of the plan. Instructions are given in the document in red font and some tips are also included in blue font. The free template includes all sections excluding the financial forecast. If you need any additional help with drafting your business plan from our business plan template, please set up a complimentary 30-minute consultation with one of our consultants.

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How to Start a Commercial Fishing Business

how to start a fishing business

For many people fishing is a hobby or even a passion. But for others, especially those near large bodies of water, fishing is a way of life – and that makes it a very profitable venture. Learning how to start a fishing business is both an exciting and rewarding experience as well, but there’s much more to starting your business than simply registering an LLC in your state. There is a great deal of planning that goes into creating your business such as acquiring the right gear, completing the right paperwork, and obtaining the right permits.

Here’s how you can get started on the process of creating and operating your own commercial fishing business. 

how to start a fishing business

Commercial fishing is very equipment-intensive. There’s certain equipment that all vessels are required to have, such as:

  • Life preservers or other personal flotation devices
  • Ring lifebuoys
  • Survival craft
  • Portable fire extinguishers
  • Emergency position indicating radio beacon

The required equipment is further broken down the size of your vessel and the area your vessel will be in (i.e. how far you will be from shore). Equipment will need to be placed or stored in specific areas depending on the size of your vessel, so as to make them easily identifiable and accessible. Further specifications vary by the items themselves. 

For example, paint lockers need to fire extinguishers with a minimum rating of 40-B while safety areas and communicating corridors have the minimum required rating of 2-A. Class B fire extinguishers are used on flammable liquid fires, such as paint igniting, and Class A fire extinguishers are for paper, wood, textiles, and plastics.

Familiarize yourself with the equipment that you will need based on the type of fishing that you plan to do and the vessel on which you’re going to do it. 

Business Plan

Once you have a good idea of the fishing aspect, it’s time to tackle the business end. The goals and guidelines that you establish help you get started in the short term as well as help you initiate conversations about the long-term objectives. This will legitimize your business to any future investors or other entrepreneurs that you decide to work with.

Your business plan will require you to do market research on the fishing industry. What are the biggest companies? What are the average profit margins? What are the key drivers in the industry? What are the important trends and statistics? 

In other words, what direction has the industry taken over the years, and what do these numbers imply for the future? While it’s unlikely that the fishing industry will ever disappear, all industries deal with their own periods of growth or stagnation, and it’s a good idea to know where the industry currently is before you try to break into it.

When people are researching how to start a fishing business , they’ll learn very quickly that it’s not something they can fund themselves. Most simply don’t have the capital or credit necessary, which is why your business plan is so important. You’ll need to get in touch with banks or other investors and present your plan to them. 

The plan does more than show that you’ve done your homework, it needs to incentivize them to give you the money that you need and that isn’t going to happen if they aren’t confident that they will receive something in return. Make sure that you clearly outline both the funds required to get started and the anticipated return on investment (or ROI) you can offer them.


This is arguably the most important part of how to start a fishing business that people need to take the time to understand. It doesn’t matter how well you know the market, how solid your business plan is, or if you have access to the necessary funding if you don’t have the right permits to actually go fishing. 

The permits you need to acquire will depend on a multitude of factors including your state, the size of your vessel, the type of fishing you are going to do, and the species of fish that you plan on catching.

There are a lot of different permits out there, so make sure that the applications that you submit are for the right documents. The easiest way to make sure that you do is to go through the Commercial Fishing Permits Center.

The Best Resource For Commercial Fishers Everywhere

Even without having to worry about documentation and permits, the process of how to start a fishing business can be a daunting one. We’re here to simplify it all by having every application you could possibly need here in one easily accessible place. And rather than having to send them to different agencies and bureaucratic offices, simply upload them to our website and we will make sure they get to the right place on your behalf. 

Not sure which forms are right for you? Call us at (866) 292-4204 and we can point you in the right direction, and answer any questions that you have along the way.

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Fishing Charter Business Plan Template & Guidebook

Whether you're a seasoned angler or just starting out, having a comprehensive business plan for your fishing charter business is the key to getting started and staying successful. With a well-thought-out plan, you will have all the resources you need to set up and grow your business. Our #1 Fishing Charter Business Plan Template & Guidebook helps you develop a realistic and achievable business plan that will give you the best chance at success. We'll provide you with an easy-to-follow template, outline the key components of your business plan and our team of experts will be there to answer any questions or provide advice when needed. It's the ideal way to build the confidence and the stability you need to launch a successful fishing charter business.


Get worry-free services and support to launch your business starting at $0 plus state fees.

  • How to Start a Profitable Fishing Charter Business [11 Steps]

How to Write a Fishing Charter Business Plan in 7 Steps:

1. describe the purpose of your fishing charter business..

The first step to writing your business plan is to describe the purpose of your fishing charter business. This includes describing why you are starting this type of business, and what problems it will solve for customers. This is a quick way to get your mind thinking about the customers’ problems. It also helps you identify what makes your business different from others in its industry.

It also helps to include a vision statement so that readers can understand what type of company you want to build.

Here is an example of a purpose mission statement for a fishing charter business:

Our purpose at ABC Fishing Charters is to provide customers with amazing fishing experiences that are tailored to their personal interests. We strive to use only the highest-quality and most up-to-date equipment, ensure a safe and comfortable trip, and create an enjoyable atmosphere for learning and discovery. Through our services, we aim to help customers make lasting memories while connecting with nature.

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2. Products & Services Offered by Your Fishing Charter Business.

The next step is to outline your products and services for your fishing charter business. 

When you think about the products and services that you offer, it's helpful to ask yourself the following questions:

  • What is my business?
  • What are the products and/or services that I offer?
  • Why am I offering these particular products and/or services?
  • How do I differentiate myself from competitors with similar offerings?
  • How will I market my products and services?

You may want to do a comparison of your business plan against those of other competitors in the area, or even with online reviews. This way, you can find out what people like about them and what they don’t like, so that you can either improve upon their offerings or avoid doing so altogether.

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3. Build a Creative Marketing Stratgey.

If you don't have a marketing plan for your fishing charter business, it's time to write one. Your marketing plan should be part of your business plan and be a roadmap to your goals. 

A good marketing plan for your fishing charter business includes the following elements:

Target market

  • Who is your target market?
  • What do these customers have in common?
  • How many of them are there?
  • How can you best reach them with your message or product?

Customer base 

  • Who are your current customers? 
  • Where did they come from (i.e., referrals)?
  • How can their experience with your fishing charter business help make them repeat customers, consumers, visitors, subscribers, or advocates for other people in their network or industry who might also benefit from using this service, product, or brand?

Product or service description

  • How does it work, what features does it have, and what are its benefits?
  • Can anyone use this product or service regardless of age or gender?
  • Can anyone visually see themselves using this product or service?
  • How will they feel when they do so? If so, how long will the feeling last after purchasing (or trying) the product/service for the first time?

Competitive analysis

  • Which companies are competing with yours today (and why)? 
  • Which ones may enter into competition with yours tomorrow if they find out about it now through word-of-mouth advertising; social media networks; friends' recommendations; etc.)
  • What specific advantages does each competitor offer over yours currently?

Marketing channels

  • Which marketing channel do you intend to leverage to attract new customers?
  • What is your estimated marketing budget needed?
  • What is the projected cost to acquire a new customer?
  • How many of your customers do you instead will return?

Form an LLC in your state!

commercial fishing business proposal

4. Write Your Operational Plan.

Next, you'll need to build your operational plan. This section describes the type of business you'll be running, and includes the steps involved in your operations. 

In it, you should list:

  • The equipment and facilities needed
  • Who will be involved in the business (employees, contractors)
  • Financial requirements for each step
  • Milestones & KPIs
  • Location of your business
  • Zoning & permits required for the business

What equipment, supplies, or permits are needed to run a fishing charter business?

  • Fishing boat (either purchased or rented)
  • Fishing equipment and tackle
  • Life jackets (USCG-approved)
  • Navigation and safety equipment
  • Communication devices (VHF radios, cell phones, etc.)
  • Licenses and permits that comply with state and federal regulations
  • Bait and ice to store food and drinks
  • First aid kit, fire extinguisher, and other emergency supplies

5. Management & Organization of Your Fishing Charter Business.

The second part of your fishing charter business plan is to develop a management and organization section.

This section will cover all of the following:

  • How many employees you need in order to run your fishing charter business. This should include the roles they will play (for example, one person may be responsible for managing administrative duties while another might be in charge of customer service).
  • The structure of your management team. The higher-ups like yourself should be able to delegate tasks through lower-level managers who are directly responsible for their given department (inventory and sales, etc.).
  • How you’re going to make sure that everyone on board is doing their job well. You’ll want check-ins with employees regularly so they have time to ask questions or voice concerns if needed; this also gives you time to offer support where necessary while staying informed on how things are going within individual departments too!

6. Fishing Charter Business Startup Expenses & Captial Needed.

This section should be broken down by month and year. If you are still in the planning stage of your business, it may be helpful to estimate how much money will be needed each month until you reach profitability.

Typically, expenses for your business can be broken into a few basic categories:

Startup Costs

Startup costs are typically the first expenses you will incur when beginning an enterprise. These include legal fees, accounting expenses, and other costs associated with getting your business off the ground. The amount of money needed to start a fishing charter business varies based on many different variables, but below are a few different types of startup costs for a fishing charter business.

Running & Operating Costs

Running costs refer to ongoing expenses related directly with operating your business over time like electricity bills or salaries paid out each month. These types of expenses will vary greatly depending on multiple variables such as location, team size, utility costs, etc.

Marketing & Sales Expenses

You should include any costs associated with marketing and sales, such as advertising and promotions, website design or maintenance. Also, consider any additional expenses that may be incurred if you decide to launch a new product or service line. For example, if your fishing charter business has an existing website that needs an upgrade in order to sell more products or services, then this should be listed here.

7. Financial Plan & Projections

A financial plan is an important part of any business plan, as it outlines how the business will generate revenue and profit, and how it will use that profit to grow and sustain itself. To devise a financial plan for your fishing charter business, you will need to consider a number of factors, including your start-up costs, operating costs, projected revenue, and expenses. 

Here are some steps you can follow to devise a financial plan for your fishing charter business plan:

  • Determine your start-up costs: This will include the cost of purchasing or leasing the space where you will operate your business, as well as the cost of buying or leasing any equipment or supplies that you need to start the business.
  • Estimate your operating costs: Operating costs will include utilities, such as electricity, gas, and water, as well as labor costs for employees, if any, and the cost of purchasing any materials or supplies that you will need to run your business.
  • Project your revenue: To project your revenue, you will need to consider the number of customers you expect to have and the average amount they will spend on each visit. You can use this information to estimate how much money you will make from selling your products or services.
  • Estimate your expenses: In addition to your operating costs, you will need to consider other expenses, such as insurance, marketing, and maintenance. You will also need to set aside money for taxes and other fees.
  • Create a budget: Once you have estimated your start-up costs, operating costs, revenue, and expenses, you can use this information to create a budget for your business. This will help you to see how much money you will need to start the business, and how much profit you can expect to make.
  • Develop a plan for using your profit: Finally, you will need to decide how you will use your profit to grow and sustain your business. This might include investing in new equipment, expanding the business, or saving for a rainy day.

commercial fishing business proposal

Frequently Asked Questions About Fishing Charter Business Plans:

Why do you need a business plan for a fishing charter business.

A business plan for a fishing charter business is important to provide potential investors and lenders with an in-depth understanding of your business ideas and operations. It outlines the strategies and goals of the business, as well as how you plan to manage and finance it. Additionally, a business plan offers key information about the target customers, pricing strategy, costs and revenues, competitors, resource requirements, and more.

Who should you ask for help with your fishing charter business plan?

It is suggested that you speak with a local business consultant or accountant to help you create your fishing charter business plan. Additionally, seek out the advice of those in the fishing industry who have experience in operating a fishing charter. These professionals can provide valuable insight and advice on the specifics of running a successful charter business.

Can you write a fishing charter business plan yourself?

Writing a business plan can be a daunting but necessary task when starting a new business. Without one, it will be difficult to effectively track your progress and identify areas that need improvement. Fortunately, there are plenty of resources available online to help guide you through the process. Many websites provide samples and templates that can be used as a basis for your own plan. Additionally, guidance can also be found in books and articles designed specifically for writing successful business plans. While it may require some time and effort, writing your own fishing charter business plan is possible with the right resources at your disposal.

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I'm Nick, co-founder of, dedicated to helping aspiring entrepreneurs succeed. As a small business owner with over five years of experience, I have garnered valuable knowledge and insights across a diverse range of industries. My passion for entrepreneurship drives me to share my expertise with aspiring entrepreneurs, empowering them to turn their business dreams into reality.

Through meticulous research and firsthand experience, I uncover the essential steps, software, tools, and costs associated with launching and maintaining a successful business. By demystifying the complexities of entrepreneurship, I provide the guidance and support needed for others to embark on their journey with confidence.

From assessing market viability and formulating business plans to selecting the right technology and navigating the financial landscape, I am dedicated to helping fellow entrepreneurs overcome challenges and unlock their full potential. As a steadfast advocate for small business success, my mission is to pave the way for a new generation of innovative and driven entrepreneurs who are ready to make their mark on the world.

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Fishing Equipment Business Plan

Start your own fishing equipment business plan

Seacliff Products

Executive summary executive summary is a brief introduction to your business plan. it describes your business, the problem that it solves, your target market, and financial highlights.">.

Seacliff Products (Seacliff) is an innovative company that has developed a patented fishing hook. Seacliff has initially developed a do-it-yourself-kit for sale while they find a suitable business partner to license the product to. Seacliff has forecasted hefty sales for year one and a tidy increase for year two.

Seacliff has developed the Supreme hook, an innovative, live bait holder. Tests have indicated that there are appreciable increases in fish hook up. Having increased fish hookups allows the user to have greater enjoyment while fishing.

The Business Model

Seacliff will be utilizing a laser-focused business model that allows them to focus on their core competencies while outsourcing the activities that do not add significant value. Seacliff is a design company, therefore they will concentrate on the design of useful products. They will find a strategic partner who can take over production, marketing, and distribution activities. The outsourcing of non-essential activities will allow Seacliff to realize significant profits without the liabilities of marketing, manufacturing, and distribution. Licensing allows a company the right to produce the Supreme hook while Seacliff will realize a steady stream of revenue without the capital costs normally associated with selling a product. Seacliff enjoys nice profits and the product is supported by a professional marketing department and an established distribution and production system. Seacliff is currently looking for a strategic partner and expects to enter into negotiations in the near future.

The fishing market for the Supreme hook is quite large. The overall market is valued at $300 million. There are over 39.1 million anglers in the U.S.A. who have fished over 618 million days while taking 807 million trips. What is even more exciting is the growth rate of this industry. Between 1955-1996 the number of anglers has increased at over twice the rate of the U.S. population.

The whole foundation of the business model is to concentrate at what you are good at. Seacliff has taken this premise to heart by focusing on design. The owner’s (name omitted) education is a JD/MBA from Willamette University. This dual degree provided him with valuable insight into business development as well as the attractive legal tool of licenses and patents. Following graduate school, he was unsure of what direction his career should take him so headed off to Oregon to be a fly fishing guide. During this 2 year stint, he became enthralled with fishing and thought that he wanted to remain in the industry. He went back to school and got a Masters in Engineering on the premise that he could pursue the design and development aspect of fishing related products. It was near the end of his last graduate degree that he developed the Supreme hook. Based on his previous degrees (JD/MBA) he felt comfortable to form his own company and find a manufacturer to license his soon to be patented product.

Seacliff is an exciting company that shuns the typical need for extensive start-up capital for production by licensing a patented product. By licensing the product it frees up Seacliff’s time to concentrate on value added activities such as future designs. Profitability will be reached by month one.

Fishing equipment business plan, executive summary chart image

1.1 Mission

The mission of Seacliff is to maximize the profit potential of its newly patented fish hook invention (the Supreme) via licensing and other means, and to further develop other innovative products suitable for the fishing gear market.

1.2 Keys to Success

The keys to success in maximizing profits in licensing this patent are:

  • To separate the manufacturing of the Supreme from its marketing.
  • Search out a manufacturer capable of producing the hook and give them exclusivity.
  • Locate a suitable marketing company with substantial fishing gear expertise who recognizes the potential of the Supreme and is willing to commit the necessary marketing budget.
  • Structure a reasonable, well-thought-out, exclusive licensing agreement that will insure a mutually-profitable partnership arrangement between marketer and Seacliff.

The keys to success in profiting from the patent in make-it-yourself kit form are:

  • Recognize that there is a narrower market for the kit.
  • Follow the time-tested price structure formula which provides attractive margins to everyone in the distribution chain (manufacturer’s representative, wholesaler, and retailer).
  • Reach the narrow market niche through free publicity in fishing magazines and catalogs, website, trade shows, etc.
  • Keep overhead low and stay alive until word-of-mouth begins to generate clients.

1.3 Objectives

The main objectives are:

  • Locate a suitable manufacturer who is willing, on an exclusive basis, to produce the patented Supreme hook at a reasonable price. This would, at the retail level, cause the Supreme to sell for under 150% of a normal hook of similar size.
  • Locate a medium-sized fishing gear marketing company who recognizes the potential of the patent and is willing to commit the resources to successfully mass-merchandise the Supreme, both domestically and overseas. Enter into an exclusive license arrangement that contains the normal safeguards and will allow for a three percent royalty on all purchases from the exclusive manufacturer.
  • Successfully bring the product in kit form to market. Reach break even point (370 kits) within the first three months. Sell 8,333 kits in the first year.
  • Complete the website design.
  • Join the American Sportfishing Association (ASA); secure a booth for the ASA trade show in Los Vegas this coming July.

Company Summary company overview ) is an overview of the most important points about your company—your history, management team, location, mission statement and legal structure.">

Seacliff  is a start-up, limited-liability corporation, incorporated in the State of Oregon.

2.1 Company Ownership

The company is 80% owned by the founder and inventor of the Supreme, with the remaining shares owned by six individual investors.

2.2 Start-up Summary

To complete the necessary start-up funds, external financing must be obtained. The start-up table is itemized below.

Start-up Expenses : Various expenses, such as legal, travel, salaries, and design costs for the start of the plan.

Start-up Inventory : Prior to any sales, which are projected to begin in January, cash is needed to purchase materials included in the kit.

Long-term Assets : In addition to minor office equipment the major Long-term asset represents the purchase price of Patent Number 6,038,806.

Start-Up Funding : The inventor/founder has invested heavily in the company. Additional money has been invested by six individual investors. A further sum has been invested in a barter agreement in exchange for essential peg and graphic illustration work (see Design Preproduction Expenses). Between mid-October and the end of December, a final sum is expected to be raised from sale of stock to individual investors.

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2.3 Company Locations and Facilities

The company is located in Florence, Oregon, where there is adequate storage and office space available.

There are two marketable products stemming from the same patent. One will result in royalties when the patent is licensed to the right fishing gear marketing company. The other is a kit which makes it possible for a certain narrow segment of fishing enthusiasts to make up the Supreme before it is actually ready for mass distribution.

3.1 Product Description

The Supreme is a standard hook combined with a specially-designed bait holder that eliminates the drawbacks of the conventional methods of attaching live bait. Initial, non-laboratory testing of the Supreme has shown an increased enjoyment of the sport. This is as a result of greater attraction of fish to the live bait swim action and increased hook-ups because of the full-hook exposure. The invention also has wider application in use with shrimp or crab bait, as well as with dead bait trolling.

Benefits of the Invention

  • Increased hook-ups by permitting full-hook exposure in a more disguised manner.
  • Faster rigging of bait fish so as not to keep the bait fish out of the water for long periods of time.
  • The barb attaches to the bait fish under the scales and skin, rather than vital parts of the fish, prolonging the life of the bait fish, and allowing the bait fish to swim naturally.
  • Keeping the bait fish on the hook is less of a problem because of the holding barb.
  • Due to the location of the hook on the bait fish, chances of a hook-up with the target fish are greater.
  • Several body locations of the bait fish can be used in mounting the patented hook.
  • Excellent application in either freshwater or saltwater fishing with live shrimp or crab where the barb is easily inserted under the carapace.
  • Fun and easy to use.

Do-it-yourself Kits :

As mentioned earlier, before the invention can be manufactured and brought to market, the Supreme can be marketed in kit form. This kit contains barbs, which are an essential element of the hook. They are crimped onto most any commercial hook and fixed with epoxy. All the apparatus for doing this is contained in the kit, including the necessary crimping tool. Additional barbs can be purchased at minimal cost, making the kit attractive to a narrow segment of enthusiastic fisherman.

Prototypes for the kit are ready to be shown to wholesalers and retailers. As of this writing, an initial order of 250 kits has already been received. However, kits will not be ready for sale until January 2001.

3.2 Competitive Comparison

This product is unique. A normal competitive comparison analysis cannot be offered. However, do-it-yourself kits are not unknown in the industry. Section 5.2.2, Pricing Strategy, lists several of these kits and their prices.

3.3 Sales Literature

Excellent graphics have been prepared to demonstrate the features of the hook. These need to be incorporated into a brochure that will double as a mailer. We will add contact information, including phone and fax numbers, and our website address. This project is currently under way.

3.4 Sourcing

Sourcing of the raw materials to produce the kits is not difficult as there is more than one supplier of each essential part of the kit. Some suppliers are located further from Oregon than is wished, but as sales of the kits increase, opportunities to obtain suppliers closer to home are expected.

3.5 Future Products

Future products are already on the drawing board at Seacliff, including:

  • Rod and Reel action holder, which provides additional leverage and mobility.
  • Non-toxic dead-bait trolling stabilizer.
  • Adapter rod holder for bait jiggers.

Market Analysis Summary how to do a market analysis for your business plan.">

The market for the patented hook, trade-named the Supreme, is large and has wide appeal. Over $300 million (retail level) in fish hooks alone are purchased each year in the United States. The patented Supreme, by virtue of its unique look and user-friendly features, has immense potential in the hands of astute marketers of fishing gear. One of the most powerful marketing tools is a unique selling proposition (USP). A good example is the “Flo-Thru” teabag USP developed by Lipton, or Heinz’ “Slowest Catsup in the West.” Any time that a marketer has a product which is visually different and  has user-friendly, unique features, dramatic success can be achieved in capturing market share. In the same way that Lipton’s “Flo-Thru” USP catapulted Lipton to brand leader over Salada Tea, the Supreme could conceivably capture 10% of the hook market. This would translate into royalties for the patent holder of approximately $200,000 to $300,000 annually.

The do-it-yourself kit selling retail for $129.95 has a much narrower market appeal to primarily saltwater fisherman who are especially enthusiastic about catching a category of approximately 20 popular game fish. Nearly five million fishermen hunt these fish. Sales of 25,000 kits over the three year period of this plan is a reasonable estimate, and amounts to only one half of one percent of the number of big-game fishermen. Gross sales of kits could total $1.25 million, assuming manufacturer’s net price of $50 to distributors.

Some statistics drawn from the 1996 Fish and Wildlife Survey are recorded in the table below.

4.1 Market Segmentation

The full potential of the Supreme patented hook can only be reached by licensing it to an established fishing gear company with a professional marketing department and extensive distribution system. This full potential would take into consideration freshwater fishermen (the highest concentration of anglers), and saltwater fishermen. Until a license agreement has been reached with a marketing company, the prime focus must be on sales of the do-it-yourself kits. Because of Seacliff’s saltwater contacts, and the need to limit the initial size of barbs provided in the kits (four large-sized barbs), the market segmentation analysis will be concentrated on that portion of the 9.4 million saltwater fishermen who go after the 20 species of large game fish.

The chart and table below indicate the number of fishermen, engaged by fish type. Saltwater anglers have increased by six percent between 1991-1996. During the same period, freshwater fishing declined by four percent. For purposes of entering a growth percentage, we will assume that the number of saltwater fishermen will increase by about one percent annually.

**appendix were not available for this sample plan.

Fishing equipment business plan, market analysis summary chart image

4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy

The target market strategy for the sale of the kits is to focus on the large, saltwater game fish anglers (Striped bass 1.4 million, bluefish 1.5 million, 18 others 4.9 million). Of the total 9.4 million saltwater fishermen, 7,180 are located in only eight coastal states (see following table).

4.2.1 Market Trends

Fishing is definitely growing in popularity. According to the 1996 Wildlife survey, the number of anglers has been increasing at over twice the rate of U.S. population growth (1955-1996). More than one out of every six Americans goes fishing every year. A total of $38 billion, according to the study, is being spent annually on fishing. Of this amount, 51% ($19.2 billion) is being spent on fishing equipment, and 28% ($5.3 billion) is being spent annually on fishing tackle (includes both freshwater and saltwater fishing tackle).

4.2.2 Market Growth

The 1996 survey, which is the source of most statistics on the fishing industry, reports that the number of saltwater fishermen increased six percent between 1991-1996. During the same period, freshwater fishermen declined four percent. However, expenditures on the sport increased at a much greater rate. Fishing expenditures increased 37%, and the number of days spent fishing increased 22% when compared with the 1991 survey.

4.2.3 Market Needs

Convenience, speed, improved performance, enjoyment are all aspects of the patented Supreme hook, which apply both in speaking about the hook to be licensed as well as to the do-it-yourself kit. See Chapter 3.1 (Product Description) for details of the benefits as well as graphic illustrations.

**No graphic illustrations were available for this sample plan.

4.3 Industry Analysis

The fishing gear industry used to be characterized by many small manufacturers. This was especially true of fishing lures, which were often made by individuals who started up in the industry working out of their garages. This situation has changed dramatically. According to an article in the New York Times (October 24, 1999), entitled “Fishing Gear Makers Are Now a Prize Catch,” like toy and hardware makers before them, small manufacturers of fishing gear are being acquired by aggressive competitors looking to build economies of scale. The labor-of-love specialty companies are quickly being bought up. Andy Rogerson, chief executive of Pradco Inc., which now owns eleven popular brands of fishing lures (mostly acquired in the last five years), claims the small guy can’t make it any longer. The big-box sports chains and major marts are driving distribution. These mass market retailers, as well as a small number of equally demanding cataloguers, sell 75% of fishing tackle.

There has been so much consolidation in the industry, it is hard to keep track of who belongs to whom, according to Lauren Walsh, managing editor of Fishing Tackle Retailer. Membership in the industry’s trade organization, the ASA, has declined from 600 members in 1995 to 450 members at present. This decline has been solely due to acquisition, as the number of products has remained level or even increased. Modernization has also hit the fishing gear industry as it has other industries. Large companies, like Pure Fishing, have invested millions in computerized inventory systems and warehouses; they are also tapping the previously-ignored international market.

4.3.1 Distribution Patterns

According to SBG’s exclusive fishing tackle survey conducted in 1992, 69% of tackle is bought through wholesalers, 27% direct from manufacturers, and four percent from other sources. In the eight years since the survey was completed, it is likely that mass merchants and dedicated cataloguers have been taking a greater share of the pie. This would mean that there has been more direct buying from manufacturers.

With cataloguers and mass merchants capturing 75% of sales of fishing gear, it is clear that the small manufacturer is at a disadvantage in respect to large suppliers. Wal-Mart, and other large, multi-line chains, will only purchase from suppliers who can offer a large menu. The trend is for these retailers to purchase directly from manufacturers at the wholesale price, since they do their own distribution. The mass merchants can then afford to discount the item 10-20% and still make a healthy return on investment.

4.3.2 Main Competitors

As mentioned in earlier chapters, there are easily 250 manufacturers of fishing tackle. Many of these are makers of lures and artificial bait. The Supreme primarily competes with the old, standard method of hooking bait, either live or dead, to a standard fish hook. The advantages of the Supreme over this old method are more easily understood by turning to section 3.1, which includes graphic displays comparing the Supreme stem hook system to the traditional methods. There exists no other product on the market that competes with, or provides the features of, the Supreme.

**All graphic illustrations have been removed from this sample plan.

4.3.3 Industry Participants

According to the membership rolls of the ASA, there are 450 companies that are somehow involved in some aspect of fishing. Many of these are boat manufacturers, and other manufacturers outside of the narrower field of fishing gear. Large retailers are also members.

Industry Participants – Retail As of 1992 there were 20,696 retail outlets in the United States, of which 31% were fishing specialists, 47% were multiline, 12.2% were classed as department or mass merchants, and nine percent other retail. Mail lists are available from Database America (201-476-2300).

Industry Participants – Wholesale Information on U.S. wholesalers such as names, addresses, phone numbers, gross sales, number of employees, and major product lines handled, is available from the Wholesalers and Distributors Directory, which is available at libraries. Chapter 46 lists Recreational and Sporting Goods Wholesalers. Pages 987-1010 list 50 wholesalers who specifically mention the word “fishing tackle.”

Industry Participants – Manufacturers Ward’s Business Directory of U.S. Private and Public Companies, under NAIC code 339920 (Sporting and Athletic Goods Manufacturing) lists 75 names, beginning with Brunswick Corporation of Lake Forest, Illinois, with $4 billion in sales (Brunswick’s Zebco Corporation is a division specializing in fishing gear), and ending with Easton Sports of Van Nuys, California, with $40 million in sales. Much more up-to-date information can be obtained via ASA’s Another excellent source is the Fishing Tackle Source Directory which lists at least 250 fishing tackle manufacturers under the saltwater category alone.

Strategy and Implementation Summary

5.1 competitive edge.

The Supreme’s stem-hook system is patented (Patent Number 6,042,520, dated May 16, 2000). The product is not available from any other supplier or manufacturer. The features are clearly outlined, and the hook is visually unique as well, making the hook an ideal USP in the hands of a capable marketing specialist. Case studies of other products with well-devised USP’s (having both a unique look and user-friendly features) have shown dramatic success in capturing market share from other brands.

5.2 Marketing Strategy

Considering the patented hook is so revolutionary, the initial reactions from fishermen, retailers, and other industry participants have been extremely positive. As time to market is everything, it is important not to wait until a suitable licensee can be chosen. This could take a year or more. The process of subcontracting the necessary elements forming the do-it-yourself kit, will get the hook to market within a few months, and the acceptance of the product in kit form should be a great spur to marketing candidates to consider licensing the hook.

An organized approach will be followed to locate a suitable licensee marketing company. A letter will be sent to licensee candidates. Enclosed in each letter will be a product summary. An exclusive manufacturer will also need to be found. A product summary and letter will be sent to manufacturing candidates. Phone calls will follow up the letters. The ASA Trade Show will also be a good way to attract the interest of licensees.

5.2.1 Distribution Strategy

For the do-it-yourself kits, the distribution will be traditional. Seacliff will sign an agreement with Nautical Marketing of Seaport, Oregon who will represent the kits to wholesalers. Emphasis will be placed on wholesalers and cataloguers in the eight coastal states that make up over seven million of the 9.4 million saltwater anglers. The wholesalers, in turn, will sell to retailers. Pricing has been carefully arranged to insure generous margins for both wholesalers and retailers.

5.2.2 Positioning Statement

Although the Supreme is suitable for many freshwater applications, the freshwater market is best attacked once the licensee marketing company has been located. Until then, marketing efforts for the Supreme in kit form will be focused on the much narrower market of saltwater fishermen who are especially enthusiastic about hunting for the 20 or so larger-game fish. These fishermen are more likely to read about the Supreme or to hear about it by word-of-mouth than through any other means of advertising.

5.2.3 Pricing Strategy

It is not an easy task to decide on a price for a totally unique, newly-patented item in kit form. However, there is no question that fishermen in the same market category will spend considerable amounts of money on fishing gear kits. Appendix A shows examples of such non-competing kits:

MIT Custom Rigging Kit Includes leader, crimps, chafe tube, strand cable and swages, rigging tape and thimbles. Contains a crimper tool, a snipper and safety knife. As advertised in Melton International Tackle Catalog, it is priced at $225.

Ultimate Rigging Kit: For double rigging riggers. Includes release clips, cork balls, black snubbers with stainless pulleys, nylon line and leader snaps. As advertised in Boater’s World Marine Centers Catalog, it is priced at $129.99.

Big Game Rigging Kits: Includes large press tool, small press tool, 100 sleeves and thimbles of various sizes, monofiliment and stainless cable and three color tapes. All in carrying case with vinyl mesh back and clear front with velcro flaps. As advertised in Boater’s World Marine Centers Catalog, it is priced at $239.99

Pricing Structure The pricing structure follows a retail cost model which is fairly standard in most industries. The manufacturer’s sell price to the distributor is approximately 55% off the retail price.

(See Appendix B for price lists for Distributor (wholesaler) and Dealer (retailer)).

5.2.4 Promotion Strategy

No large budget has been provided for promotional efforts, but we have set aside a small budget for point-of-sale materials. The strategy is to hold off on these expenditures. Once a licensee marketing company has been located, their efforts to market and promote the Supreme will be more than sufficient to get the word out to all fishermen.

5.3 Sales Strategy

The sales strategy is to rely as much as possible on the traditional distribution channel members (wholesalers and retailers) and to minimize the number of direct sales. Seacliff’s forte is more in the direction of formulating ideas worthy of patenting rather than administrative expertise. In addition, Seacliff will engage the services of a manufacturer’s representative to out-source, to every extent possible, sales reliance on Seacliff. Sales invoicing should be in only large quantities, such as a recent order for 250 kits.

5.3.1 Sales Forecast

Unit Sales of Kits: Marketing research indicates that approximately five million saltwater fishermen hunt for the 20 or so large game fish. These fishermen are especially enthusiastic about the sport, and are relatively easy to reach as they are concentrated in only eight coastal states. We estimate 25,000 kits can be sold over the next three years to this market group alone, which works out to only one half of one percent. We will assume one quarter of these will be sold in the first year, one third in the second year, and the remainder in the third year. We will not attempt to project monthly sales differences, but will assume sales are steady throughout the year.

It is expected that other items will be sold such as replacement barbs for the kits, crimping tools, etc., but these are primarily minor items. They will be ignored in this original business plan, but will probably be included in updates once more exact trend information is available.

Unit Sales Prices

Direct Unit Costs: The direct units costs pertain to the various items that comprise the Proline Kit, the fulfillment costs of assembling the various items into the kit, and the outer carton used to ship the kits to wholesalers, retailers, and/or individual consumers who purchase by mail or over the Internet.

  • Barbs. These are the Supremes . They are provided by RCI Wilmette, Illinois. They come in four lengths and each kit contains 10 of each size:

There is an initial tooling cost of approximately $25,350, which will be included in the pre-production expenses and amortized over the first five years. Allow 10-12 weeks tooling lead time, and two to three weeks lead for orders.

  • Crimping Tool. All are stainless, and are supplied by Freil Specialty Tools, Kansas, Missouri. The tools are quoted at $3.89 each, assuming an order of seven gross (144 x 7= 1,008) plus shipping and handling ($100), total per unit cost will be $3.99. Allow a two to four week lead time.
  • Kit Bag. The kit bags come from Octagon Products of Eugene, Oregon and cost $6.50 each, assuming a purchase of 1,000. Allow two to four weeks lead time.
  • Drying Pad. This is a 5/8″ thick closed cell rubber foam block used to hold the barbed hooks up in the air until the epoxy has dried. Also supplied by Greene Rubber Products and cost $.35 each. Lead time, allow two to three weeks.
  • Epoxy. Supplied by Chilton Industries Inc. of Ashland, Long Island. It is supplied in five-gallon buckets (four colors: teal, red, cobalt, and black). It is $63.98/gal. Each kit contains 1/2 oz. tube of each color. Cost per kit, assuming 128 oz. per gallon. Cost per ounce $.50, cost per kit $1.00.
  • Hardener. Also from Chilton Industries. Cost $178.95 per gallon. Sold in five-gallon buckets. Each kit contains two one-ounce tubes of hardener. Cost per ounce is $1.40, cost per kit is $2.80.
  • Tubes. Supplied by Tripex Los Angeles, California. Six are needed per kit. Cost $278.00 per 1,000, cost per kit $1.67. These are rather light but bulky items, add 10% for shipping. Cost per kit is $1.84.
  • Filling of Tubes with resin and hardener. This will be done by Lucaplan Labs in Columbus, Ohio. Cost: $0.50 per tube ,plus $10 for pallet wrapping. Per kit cost $3.00, assume $3.50 with wrapping and shipping charges.
  • Stirring sticks. Approximately 30 small plastic sticks will be bundled and placed in each kit. Supplied by Sysco Restaurant Supplies. Approximately 60,000 will cost $30.00. Price per kit: approximately $0.02.
  • Instruction Card. A plastic laminated card with instructions and warranties will be enclosed in each kit. They will cost $.50 each.
  • Label. To be sewn onto kit face. Estimated cost, $.50 each.
  • Outer carton. Each carton to hold six kits. Cost $.54 each, cost per kit $.09.
  • Zip Lock Bag. Each kit will be in a separate bag with a hole at the top for placement in a retail wire hook. Cost is $82, cost per kit: $.32.
  • Fulfillment. This is the cost of assembling the kits. This will be done by Antique Industries in Salem, Oregon for $1.00 per kit.

Total Unit Costs: $26.48 per kit

Royalty Income: Royalty income is very difficult to predict because the royalty percentages can range widely. We have chosen three percent which is at the low end of the royalty percentages spectrum. We have assumed that this income will not begin until the second year (2002) of operation. We have estimated a total potential for the U.S. alone of $300,000 annually. We will assume a royalty of $50,000 in 2002 and $75,000 in 2003. This revenue is net of any related costs.

Fishing equipment business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

5.4 Milestones

A major milestone is the securing of financing. Borrowing will be necessary either through the Small Business Administration (SBA) or alternative sources. It may be possible to arrange for some of this amount to be financed by the subcontractor of the barbs. The funds need to be committed to by the end of November at the latest.

The next step is to order the materials necessary for making up the kit and to have the kits ready for sale. This will take 45 days, and will begin when financing has been secured.

Joining the ASA is important, as is signing up for the ASA Trade Show in Las Vegas in July. Both of these things can be arranged in December, 2000.

An exclusive manufacturer needs to be located either domestically or internationally before March 2001. This should be an easier task than finding the right marketing company.

A licensee marketing company needs to be found who is willing to commit the resources necessary to mass market the hook. A short list should be found soon, initial contact made, and follow-up phone calls placed. Meetings at the trade show will be indispensible and will prove to be very profitable.

Management Summary management summary will include information about who's on your team and why they're the right people for the job, as well as your future hiring plans.">

A goal of the company is to sign a licensee agreement with an aggressive marketing company who will take over all aspects of the business of marketing the Supreme. Seacliff will not need an extensive management team to succeed at this. However, until the licensee agreement can be completed, Seacliff management will have to bring the product to market in kit form. Most of the load of management in doing this has been limited by subcontracting the manufacturing to others. The kits will even be assembled by a professional fulfillment company. By relying on the services of a manufacturer’s representative, as well as wholesalers/distributors, Seacliff will further limit the extent of administrative involvement.

6.1 Personnel Plan

The payroll will include a monthly salary for the president in the first year, increasing annually in year two, and year three. In addition, a bookkeeper/office manager will be necessary to enter the accounts into the computer (QuickBooks Pro), and to take orders over the phone, as well as to respond to email inquiries. His or her monthly salary will be established at the time of hiring for the first year of operation, increasing in the second and third years.

Financial Plan investor-ready personnel plan .">

The financial plan will require outside sources of funds. It is hoped that this amount can be obtained from the SBA. Seacliff has already succeeded in attracting significant private funding through the sale of common stock. This source of funds is still attractive due to the exciting features of the patent. It is assumed that the necessary funding will be found, and that it will be repaid in the first year.

7.1 Break-even Analysis

In the first year of operations, monthly expenses are projected to include interest expenses on initial borrowing. Although some sales will certainly come via Seacliff’s website at close to the suggested retail price of $129.95, for purposes of determining the break-even point we have assumed that all kits will be sold through the full distribution channel (representative, wholesaler, retailer).

The break-even chart shows the number kits needed to be sold each month to cover all variable and fixed costs. If we capitalize start-up costs (see section 2.2, Start-up Summary) and amortize them over five years and then added this to monthly fixed costs the break-even point would increase kits per month sold.

Fishing equipment business plan, financial plan chart image

7.2 Important Assumptions

Although there is likely to be sales of replacement items from the kits, such as barbs, epoxy, etc. (see price list in the appendix) these items have been ignored in this business plan for projection purposes. The following table outlines the basic assumptions of Seacliff.

7.3 Business Ratios

The following table outlines the important ratios of the sports and athletic goods manufacturing industry, as described in the Standard Industry Classification (SIC) Index, 3949.

7.4 Projected Profit and Loss

Because virtually all aspects of the production of the kits are being subcontracted, the ongoing monthly expenses are relatively small.

  • Advertising and Promotion : The main focus is to try to get as much free publicity as possible. Once a licensee has been located to market the Supreme, sales of the kits will benefit from the advertising and promotional efforts of the licensee. However, some point-of-sale advertising is likely to be needed (assume $500 monthly). An extra $400 will be needed to join the ASA in January 2001, and to participate in the ASA trade show in July will require an additional $2,500.
  • Travel : Travel to trade shows, with the connected hotel and meal expenses, we estimate at $600 monthly.
  • Miscellaneous : We will allot $200 per month to cover any unexpected expenses.
  • Depreciation : The only fixed assets that will be depreciated are minor pieces of office equipment which will be depreciated over three years at $75 per month. The larger fixed asset (patent number 6,038,806) of $480,000 will not depreciate.
  • Utilities : Utilities are basically telephone, heat, and Internet connection. Assume $200 monthly in year one, increasing to $300 in years two and three.
  • Insurance : Standard business liability insurance should be arranged. Assume $1,200 yearly.
  • Rent : Free office space is available in premises owned by a family member.
  • Consultants : A provision is being made to cover periodic review and updating of the business plan. Assume $2,400 annually.

Fishing equipment business plan, financial plan chart image

7.5 Projected Cash Flow

The initial borrowing will be repaid monthly, beginning in the third month.

Fishing equipment business plan, financial plan chart image

7.6 Projected Balance Sheet

The annual figures for the Pprojected Balance Sheet are presented below. First year monthlies are available in the appendix.

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Start A Commercial Fishing Business - Business Ideas

Please note that the data provided in this article are estimates and may vary depending on various factors, and should not be considered as perfect or definitive.

The commercial fishing industry is one of the most exciting industries to get involved in and can be lucrative if you are willing to put in the time and effort. Do you love the ocean and fishing as your hobby? The idea that you could get paid for doing something you thoroughly enjoy can be an incredibly tempting proposition. Fishing for a living seems like the perfect job.

Listed are the steps to start a commercial fishing business.

  • Register your business name
  • Get the proper licenses and regulations in order.
  • Get a boat that fits the boat requirements.
  • Get a buyer and secure the contracts.
  • Hire a crew
  • Secure all needed materials and supplies

Starting a commercial fishing business requires a great deal of effort, dedication, and most importantly passion .

If you're interested in how to sell , or selling online, you can use this page as a guide for everything you'll need to know.

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Creating economic opportunities in the face of climate change: Minister Lebouthillier announces 25 new exploratory lobster fishing licenses on Quebec’s North Shore

From: Fisheries and Oceans Canada

News release

In the context of climate change and the resulting warming of the oceans, it is more important than ever for the Government of Canada to be agile, and explore every new economic opportunity for the benefit of coastal communities.

May 10, 2024

Sept-Îles (Quebec) - In the context of climate change and the resulting warming of the oceans, it is more important than ever for the Government of Canada to be agile, and explore every new economic opportunity for the benefit of coastal communities. This is why Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) is committed to evaluating the feasibility of increasing the commercial lobster fishing on the North Shore and elsewhere in Quebec.

Today, the Honourable Diane Lebouthillier, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard, announced the implementation of a data collection plan for Lobster Fishing Area (LFA) 18, on Quebec's North Shore.

For several years, harvesters have noticed a significant increase in lobster in LFA 18, which stretches from Tadoussac to Natashquan, Quebec. Despite this encouraging sign, available information on the state of the stock remains limited. Data collection is critical to better understand lobster stocks, and determine if an increase in commercial fishing effort is sustainable in the long term. 

To inform accurate data collection on the sustainability of lobster in LFA 18, DFO has approved a total of 25 new exploratory fishing licences for both First Nations and commercial licence holders. Fisheries management measures for exploratory licence holders are similar to those already in place for existing commercial harvesters working in the same LFA. Like commercial licence holders, those fishing with exploratory licences are permitted to use 250 traps in a precise sub-area of LFA 18 for an 11-week fishing season. These exploratory licences could be renewed by DFO next year, based on compliance with participation requirements, including data collection, and the results obtained. These licences could also be converted to commercial permits, subject to data that confirms the stock is sustainable.

With these new exploratory licences, harvesters will be able to sell their landings to generate revenue for themselves and bring greater economic benefit to the local fishing industry and communities. 

“The North Shore is an integral part of Quebec's blue economy, and the government firmly believes in its development. With today's announcement, we are generating concrete economic opportunities for rural regions, as well as advancing reconciliation, all while acquiring more data to better understand the local lobster stocks. As the first lobster boats set sail in the coming days, I wish everyone, from Tadoussac to Natashquan, a prosperous first season!” The Honourable Diane Lebouthillier, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard

Quick facts

25 new exploratory licences have been issued for lobster fishing in Lobster Fishing Area 18 (LFA 18) in 2024. 

LFA 18 extends from Tadoussac to Natashquan, Quebec and is divided into several sub-areas.

As a general rule, new fisheries involve a feasibility stage, an exploratory stage, and a commercial stage. The objective of the exploratory stage is to determine whether a stock can sustain a commercially viable operation and to collect biological data. 

Once a decision on licensees for a new fishery is made, licence conditions for the new fishery are established, including fishing areas, gear restrictions, licensing period and more.

Associated links

  • Map of lobster fishing areas

Jérémy Collard Press Secretary  Office of the Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard [email protected]   

Media Relations Fisheries and Oceans Canada Quebec Region 418-648-5474 [email protected]

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Hunting and Fishing in Russia 2023

Venue: All-Russia exhibition centre Site of the organizer:

About the exhibition:

commercial fishing business proposal

The exhibition “Hunting and Fishing in Russia” had confirmed its status of one of the biggest international exhibitions. Its success proved again a big interest to the hunting, fishing and active rest in our society.

Participation in the exhibition will serve to strengthen business contacts with governmental officials, public associations and commercial companies, facilitate promotion to the new trade markets and find partners for business. Business forum, meetings, seminars, presentations and competitions will be held during the exhibition.

Hunting and Fishing in Russia Exhibition Business Program will allow to carry out above events on a high organizational level. We are sure that all measures for exhibits’ security and safety will be provided. 

Exhibition sections:

  • Fishing tackles;
  • Tracking devices, optics;
  • Fishing and hunting tourism;
  • Sea transport & accessories;
  • Moto transport & accessories. 
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Amazon Q Business pricing offers two subscription models—Amazon Q Business Lite and Amazon Q Business Pro—so you can choose the right plan for everyone in your company.

Amazon Q Business Lite

$3 per user/mo., the amazon q business lite subscription provides users access to basic functionality such as asking questions and receiving permission-aware responses., amazon q business pro, $20 per user/mo., the amazon q business pro subscription provides users access to the full suite of amazon q business capabilities, including access to amazon q apps (preview), and amazon q in quicksight (reader pro)., index pricing.

Amazon Q Business offers two index types for production and proof of concept (PoC) workloads:

The  Starter Index  is deployed in a single Availability Zone, making it ideal for PoCs and developer workloads.

  • Priced at $0.140 per hour for one unit (limit five units per application)
  • 100 hours of connector usage
  • 20,000 documents or 200 MB of extracted text, whichever comes first

The Enterprise Index is deployed across three Availability Zones, making it best for production workloads.

  • Priced at $0.264 per hour for one unit

The free trial terms for Amazon Q Business and Amazon Q in QuickSight are as follows. 

Note the following about free trials:

  • The free trial terms change on July 1, 2024, and are different for Amazon Q Business and QuickSight. For customers subscribing the same user to both products with an Amazon Q Business Pro subscription, the free trial for that users will end whenever the first free trial expires. For example, if a user is added to an Amazon Q Business application and a QuickSight account at the same time through an Amazon Q Business Pro subscription, their free trial will end after 30 days. As another example, if a user is added to an Amazon Q Business application on day 1 with an Amazon Q Business Pro subscription and later added to a QuickSight account on day 15, then their free trial will end on day 45. 
  • A free trial applies per user. If a user has used their free trial in one Amazon Q Business application or QuickSight account, they will not get a second free trial in another application.

Pricing examples

You are an enterprise company with 5,000 employees looking to deploy Amazon Q Business. You decide to purchase Amazon Q Business Lite for 4,500 users and Amazon Q Business Pro for 500 users. You have 1 million enterprise documents across sources like SharePoint, Confluence, and ServiceNow that need indexing with an Enterprise Index. Your monthly charges will be as follows:

Enterprise Index for 1M documents will need 50 index units of 20K capacity each (assuming that the extracted text size of 1M documents is less than 200 MB * 50 units = 10 GB) :

  • $0.264 per hour * 50 units * 24 hours * 30 days = $9,504

User subscriptions:

  • 4,500 users * $3 per user/month = $13,500 
  • 500 users * $20 per user/month = $10,000
  • Total user subscriptions: $23,500

In summary, your monthly charges are as follows::

  • Enterprise Index: $9,504
  • User subscriptions: $23,500
  • Total per month: $33,004

In the preceding scenario, you decided to upgrade 300 of the Lite users to Amazon Q Business Pro, considering that those employees could benefit from the advanced features. Additionally, you decided to cancel Amazon Q Lite subscriptions for 10 users who left the company. You made these changes on the 10th day of the month. Upgrades are prorated, and downgrades/cancellations apply starting next month. Therefore, for the remainder of that month, you will be charged the full monthly rate for the 4,200 Lite users. The 500 Pro users will also be billed for the full month. The 300 upgraded users will be prorated, with 10 days billed at the Lite rate and 20 days at the upgraded Pro rate. 

Therefore, for the current month, your user subscription charges are as follows:

  •  $3 * 4,200 + $20 * 500 + [$3 * (10/30) + $20 * (20/30)] * 300 = $26,900

Starting next month, you will have (4,500 - 300 - 10 = 4,190) users with Lite and (500 + 300 = 800) users with Pro. Therefore, your charges from the next month are as follows:

  • $3 * 4,190 + $20 * 800 = $28,570 per month

Since you didn’t change anything on index capacity, your index charges remain the same at $9,360 per month.

In summary, your monthly charges starting next month are as follows:

  • Enterprise Index: $9,360
  • User subscriptions: $28,570
  • Total per month: $37,930

You have 1,000 employees at your company. Your IT team uses Amazon Q Business to answer employee questions. They assigned Amazon Q Business Lite subscriptions to all 1,000 employees. The IT help desk chatbot contains 10,000 documents.

Separately, your sales team uses Amazon Q Business for 100 sales reps to help them answer customer questions, create presentations, and implement actions using plugins. You assigned these 100 sellers the Amazon Q Business Pro plan. Their sales chatbot contains 200,000 documents. You granted the sales team access to QuickSight so that they can create documents and presentations using sales data, access dashboards with natural language data summaries, and ask questions about the data.

With Amazon Q Business, subscriptions are deduplicated, and users are charged once for the highest tier. So, the 100 sales reps are charged at the Pro rate, while the 900 other employees are charged at the Lite rate. Amazon Q Business users are charged separately across each AWS IAM Identity Center instance, so all applications must use the same IAM Identity Center instance to be charged only once per user.

Your monthly user charges are as follows:

  • 100 users at $20 Pro rate: 100 * $20 = $2,000
  • 900 users at $3 Lite rate: 900 * $3 = $2,700
  • Total user subscriptions: $2,000 + $2,700 = $4,700

For indexing, you have two separate apps: the 10K document IT chatbot and the 200K document sales chatbot.

The IT chatbot requires 1 index unit at $0.264 * 24 hours * 30 days * 1 unit = $190.08 per month.

The larger sales chatbot needs 10 index units at $0.264 * 24 hours * 30 days * 10 units = $1,900.80 per month.

In total, your estimated monthly charges are as follows:

  • User subscriptions: $4,700
  • IT chatbot index: $190.08
  • Sales chatbot index: $1,900.80
  • Amazon Q in QuickSight enablement fee: $250/month/account
  • Total per month: $4,700 + $190.08 + $1,900.8 +$250 = $7040.88
  • Amazon Q Apps will be available to all users (including Amazon Q Business Lite and Pro) until June 30, 2024. Beginning July 1, 2024, Amazon Q Apps will only be available to Amazon Q Business Pro users.

Note : Customers using Amazon Q Business only will not be charged for user subscriptions (Amazon Q Business Lite/Amazon Q Business Pro) until June 30, 2024. However, in that period, customers will be charged for Amazon Q Business Index after a free trial of 750 hours or 30 days. Customers using Amazon Q in QuickSight will be charged for user subscriptions (Amazon Q Business Pro, $20 per user) after a 30-day free trial for up to four users.

User subscriptions are created per Amazon Q Business application or QuickSight account. Each admin can independently create, update, or delete subscriptions for users for their specific Amazon Q Business application or QuickSight account. AWS will deduplicate subscriptions across all Amazon Q Business applications and QuickSight accounts, and charge each user only once for their highest subscription level. Note that deduplication will apply only if the Amazon Q Business applications and QuickSight accounts share the same IAM Identity Center instance. User subscriptions are prorated when created or upgraded based on the number of days left in the calendar month. Any cancellations or downgrades are not prorated and apply starting in the next calendar month. The charges for user subscription starts only after first use by the user. 

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Apple’s New iPad Ad Leaves Its Creative Audience Feeling … Flat

An ad meant to show how the updated device can do many things has become a metaphor for a community’s fears of the technology industry.

The silhouettes of four people in front of a bright screen advertising iPads.

By Tripp Mickle

Tripp Mickle has been writing about Apple since 2016.

The trumpet is the first thing to be squished. Then the industrial compressor flattens a row of paint cans, buckles a piano and levels what appears to be a marble bust. In a final act of destruction, it pops the eyes out of a ball-shaped yellow emoji.

When the compressor rises, it reveals Apple’s latest commodity: the updated iPad Pro.

Tim Cook, Apple’s chief executive, posted the advertisement, called “Crush,” on Tuesday after the company held an event to announce new tablets. “Meet the new iPad Pro: the thinnest product we’ve ever created,” Mr. Cook wrote, adding, “Just imagine all the things it’ll be used to create.”

Meet the new iPad Pro: the thinnest product we’ve ever created, the most advanced display we’ve ever produced, with the incredible power of the M4 chip. Just imagine all the things it’ll be used to create. — Tim Cook (@tim_cook) May 7, 2024

For decades, Apple has been the toast of the creative class. It has won over designers, musicians and film editors with promises that its products would help them “Think Different.”

But some creators took a different message from the one-minute iPad ad. Rather than seeing a device that could help them create, as Mr. Cook suggested, they saw a metaphor for how Big Tech has cashed in on their work by crushing or co-opting the artistic tools that humanity has used for centuries.

The image was especially unnerving at a time when artists fear that generative artificial intelligence, which can write poetry and create movies, might take away their jobs.

“It’s unusual in its cruelty,” said Justin Ouellette, a software designer in Portland, Ore., who does animation work and is a longtime Apple product user. “A lot of people see this as a betrayal of its commitment to human creative expression and a tone deafness to the pressures those artists feel at this time.”

Apple didn’t respond to requests for comment.

It was the latest in a series of recent promotional slip-ups by a company that is widely considered to be a marketing juggernaut. Its marketing of the Apple Vision Pro , released in January, struggled to help that device break through with many customers. Last year, Apple was criticized for making an awkward sketch that cast Octavia Spencer as Mother Earth , lording over a corporate meeting about the company’s effort to become carbon neutral by 2030.

Apple has been regarded as an advertising visionary since the 1980s. Its “ 1984” Super Bowl commercial to introduce the Macintosh computer is among the most famous commercials ever made. The ad, which was developed by the Chiat/Day agency, showed an actor throwing a sledgehammer through a screen projecting the face of a “Big Brother” figure that was meant to be a metaphor for IBM.

When Steve Jobs returned to Apple in 1997 after 12 years away, he sought to reclaim its marketing magic. Together he and Lee Clow, the advertising creative behind the “1984” spot, developed the “Think Different” campaign. It paved the way to the famous “Get a Mac” spots, featuring a Mac and PC , and the original iPhone ad , which showed people in classic films and television shows picking up a phone and saying, “Hello.”

Apple’s marketing pitched its products as easy to use. It billed PCs and Android phones as devices for business executives working on spreadsheets, while Macs and iPhones were tools for film editors, photographers and writers.

But Apple’s advertising has been uneven over the last dozen years or so. It yanked a 2012 campaign that showcased its Apple Store “geniuses” on planes. Critics dismissed a subsequent spot, “Designed by Apple in California,” as “ lame .”

In the wake of those hiccups, Mr. Cook shifted oversight of advertising from Phil Schiller, the company’s longtime head of marketing, to Tor Myhren, a former president and chief creative officer at Grey, the ad agency that created the E-Trade baby.

Under Mr. Myhren, who joined in 2016, Apple has developed some of its ads with its own creative team and others in collaboration with an outside agency, Media Arts Lab. It has been recognized at the Cannes Lions Awards, the leading event for the ad industry, for a spot on AirPods called “Bounce,” which showed a man bounding off the sidewalk as he listened to music. Last year, Apple was named Creative Brand of the Year because of its “R.I.P. Leon” ad, in which a man sent an iPhone message saying a lizard in his care had died, then deleted it when the lizard suddenly rolled over off its back.

Mr. Myhren and Media Arts Lab didn’t respond to requests for comment about who was behind the “Crush” spot.

Michael J. Miraflor, the chief brand officer at Hannah Grey, a venture capital firm, said on X that Apple’s ad had effectively offended and turned off its core customer base, achieving the opposite of what it had done with its “1984” commercial.

“It’s not even that it’s boring or banal,” Mr. Miraflor wrote . “It makes me feel … bad? Bummed out?”

Tripp Mickle reports on Apple and Silicon Valley for The Times and is based in San Francisco. His focus on Apple includes product launches, manufacturing issues and political challenges. He also writes about trends across the tech industry, including layoffs, generative A.I. and robot taxis. More about Tripp Mickle


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