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Understanding Tenses in English
Verb tenses are hard-working elements of the English language, and we use them every day when speaking, writing and reading. But sometimes, understanding exactly how they work can be a little confusing. Here’s a quick guide to help you understand tenses in English grammar.
What Are Tenses?
Verb tenses help us describe when and how different actions take place and different things happened. In some cases, you can use multiple tenses in a single sentence, for example, if you were to say: “I worked there for six years, but now I will be working somewhere else.” In that sentence, you’re utilizing both the simple past tense and the future continuous tense. It may sound confusing at first, but remember, you probably use all of these tenses naturally in your daily speech. Remembering their names is just a matter of practice and memorization.
Present tense, as you may have guessed, refers to things that are happening right now. If someone asks where you live and you reply, “I live in New York City,” you just used present tense. Every tense can take on four forms; the simple, the continuous, the perfect and the perfect continuous. An example of simple present would be your reply, “I live in New York City.” If you were to use present continuous, you might say, “I am living in New York City right now.” If you used present perfect tense, you would say, “I have lived in New York City for several years.” And finally, if you wanted to use present perfect continuous, you could say, “I have been living in New York City for a long time.”
If you sat down to tell a friend about everything you did today, you would probably tell that story in past tense, because you’re talking about events that’ve already happened, and are now in the past. So if you say to your friend, “I jogged past the park,” you’re using past simple tense. If you say, “I was tired,” you’re using past continuous. If you say, “I had only gone a mile,” you’re using past perfect tense. And finally, if you conclude, “I had been awake for hours the night before,” you’re using past perfect continuous.
Finally, when we discuss things that will happen or that we think are going to happen, we utilize future tense. For example, if someone tells you “It will rain this afternoon,” that’s simple future tense. If they say, “It will be raining soon,” that’s future continuous. If they say “It will have rained tonight,” that’s future perfect. And if they say, “It will have been raining for hours,” that is (you guessed it) future perfect continuous.
You can use different forms of the same tense in a single series of sentences and maintain clarity. But can you use two completely different tenses in the same sentence? The answer is yes. Look again at the example above: “I worked there for six years, but now I will be working somewhere else.” Past tense and future tense blend seamlessly in this case. But in some cases, you want to stick with a single tense. You don’t want to write: “George walked out of his house. He jumps in a cab and will have traveled six miles by noon.” Understanding verb tenses helps you construct sentences that get your point across clearly.
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Exercise : Subject and Verb Agreement Exercise
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Choose the correct form of the verb that agrees with the subject.
1. Annie and her brothers (is, are) at school.
2. Either my mother or my father (is, are) coming to the meeting.
3. The dog or the cats (is, are) outside.
4. Either my shoes or your coat (is, are) always on the floor.
5. George and Tamara (doesn't, don't) want to see that movie.
6. Benito (doesn't, don't) know the answer.
7. One of my sisters (is, are) going on a trip to France.
8. The man with all the birds (live, lives) on my street.
9. The movie, including all the previews, (take, takes) about two hours to watch.
10. The players, as well as the captain, (want, wants) to win.
11. Either answer (is, are) acceptable.
12. Every one of those books (is, are) fiction.
13. Nobody (know, knows) the trouble I've seen.
14. (Is, Are) the news on at five or six?
15. Mathematics (is, are) John's favorite subject, while Civics (is, are) Andrea's favorite subject.
16. Eight dollars (is, are) the price of a movie these days.
17. (Is, Are) the tweezers in this drawer?
18. Your pants (is, are) at the cleaner's.
19. There (was, were) fifteen candies in that bag. Now there (is, are) only one left!
20. The committee (debates, debate) these questions carefully.
21. The committee members (leads, lead) very different lives in private.
22. The Prime Minister, together with his wife, (greets, greet) the press cordially.
23. All of the CDs, even the scratched one, (is, are) in this case.
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Singular vs plural: making nouns and verbs agree.
Mismatching verbs and nouns is a common writing error. In these exercises, students select the form of the verb which matches the noun.
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Subject Verb Agreement Worksheets
In The Present
Check to Choose
Underline Your Choice
Agree Or Disagree
Pick And Circle
Fix And Revamp
Spotting The Right Match
The Missing Piece
Fill In The Gaps
All about these 15 worksheets.
This collection of Subject-verb agreement worksheets are designed to help students learn and practice the rules of subject-verb agreement in English grammar. These worksheets provide a variety of exercises that require students to identify the subject and verb in a sentence, and ensure that they agree in terms of number (singular or plural).
These worksheets include fill-in-the-blank exercises, rewriting activities, and short writing prompts. By accomplishing these worksheets, students will:
- Determine whether verbs in sentences agree with their subject;
- Develop a deep understanding for the rules of subject-verb agreement in English grammar;
- Spot the errors in the subject-verb agreement of sentences and correct them;
- And write their own sentences that reflect a clear understanding of subject-verb agreement.
These subject-verb agreement worksheets are an important tool for helping students improve their grammar skills and develop accuracy in their writing. By completing these exercises, students can gain a better understanding of the rules of subject-verb agreement and practice applying them correctly in their writing.
How To Identify Subject Verb Agreement?
Often times a lengthy, complex subject is one thing that stumps writers. In the process, the author loses track of which noun serves as the subject phrase’s head and instead makes the verb agree with the closest noun. The shift from strict grammatical agreement to “notional agreement,” where the verb agrees with the concept or idea the subject is trying to express, whether it is singular or plural, is another pitfall for authors.
What is a Subject Verb Adjective?
Conflict in any form is disliked, even inside phrases! Every sentence must contain a subject and a predicate, as we all know, but they also need to be in agreement with one another. This is referred to as subject-verb agreement in the grammar field.
Subjects and verbs most frequently differ in number and tense, respectively. In the event that the subject is plural, the verb must likewise be plural. Similarly, if the subject is multiple, the verb must be plural as well. Although it appears obvious, things can get challenging when discussing time, money, indefinite pronouns, collective nouns, and interrupting expressions.
If you were to say, “They are fun,” using the plural subject they, you would say, “They are.” Additionally, if you were to say “She is enjoyable” using the singular she, you would also use the singular is. The subjects and verbs in “She are fun” and “they is fun” don’t agree. Hence those sentences make no sense.
When a verb agrees with the portion of the subject closest to the verb, when a compound subject has both a singular, and a plural noun connected by “nor” or “or” the verb should agree with both parts of the subject. This is also known as the proximity rule. For instance, the committee members or the student both write every day.
It might be challenging to determine whether a verb should be single or plural when it is so far removed from the sentence’s subject. Appositive phrases, prepositional phrases, and direct objects are frequently misunderstood as indicating the number of the verb. It’s not like that at all! Only the subject determines whether a verb is singular or plural.
For instance: One of the many popular actors in Hollywood, Dwayne Johnson, follows a rigorous exercise routine. Although the appositive word in this sentence includes the plural noun actors, the subject in this sentence, Dwayne Johnson, is still single. Hence the verb “has” must still be singular.
Singular and Plural
Use the verb form of the subject that is closest to the verb if one subject is single and the other is plural, and the words are joined by the letters “or,” “nor,” “not only/but also,” and “neither/nor.” The lion or the bears have gotten out of the zoo. Whenever there are multiple words connected with the help of a conjunction, the verb is singular if the subjects are both singular and are related by the terms. When the conjunctions “or,” “nor,” “neither/nor,” “either/or,” or “not only/but also” link two plural subjects, the verb is plural.
Finding the appropriate subject and verb will enable you to fix subject-verb agreement mistakes. A sentence containing the prefix of comes before a topic. The key to comprehending subjects is to follow this guideline. The culprit in many, if not most, subject-verb blunders is the word of. Hasty speakers or writers may fail to catch the following all-too-common error: Yellow roses in a bouquet provide color and scent to the space.
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Subject Verb Agreement ESL Printable Worksheets and Exercises
Subject and verb agreement grammar exercises worksheet.
Subject And Verb Agreement Multiple Choice Exercise Test
Subject And Verb Agreement Grammar Rules Worksheet
Subject Verb Agreement Class 9 Worksheets
Enhance your understanding of subject-verb agreement with our comprehensive Class 9 worksheets. Dive into engaging exercises, expert insights, and FAQs to solidify your grasp on this crucial grammar concept.
Whether you’re a student looking to ace your English exams or an enthusiast eager to refine your language skills, our Class 9 worksheets on subject-verb agreement will cater to your learning needs.
The Foundation: Understanding Subject-Verb Agreement Class 9
When we make a sentence, we tell something about a person or a thing. The subject is the part of the sentence which states the person or thing in the sentence. The predicate is the part that gives us more information about the subject of the sentence.
The subject could be a
Singular Noun = man, Lion
Plural Noun= men, John and Maria, Lions
a proper noun (name of a person or place) =John
an abstract noun.= Faith, Kindness
Singular Pronoun= I, He, She
Plural Pronoun= They
People also ask
Rules Involved in Subject-Verb Agreement
The basic rule is Singular Subject
(a) Singular Verb takes singular verbs
(b) Plural Subject takes Plural Verb
Subject and Verb in Person and Number
The subject and verb must agree in person and number. If the subject is singular, the verb should also be singular. If the subject is plural, the verb should also be plural.
1. Singular Subject takes Singular Verb
Example: I am in the classroom.
2. Plural Subject takes Plural Verb
Example: They are in the classroom.
3. When two or more singular subjects are joined together, plural verb is used.
Example: Mrs and Mr Gupta are going to the market.
4. When two subjects together express one idea, singular verb is used.
Example: Earning your bread and butter is essential for living.
5. Everybody, somebody, nobody, anybody and anyone take a singular verb.
Example: Nobody is perfect in this world.
6. Nouns joined by ‘and’ take a plural verb.
Example: Sita and Gita are going to Mumbai.
7. If subjects are joined by ‘or’, ‘nor’, ‘either’, ‘neither’, the verb agrees with the subject nearest to it.
Example: Neither he nor his sister was there.
Example: He or his friends are to be blamed.
8. The title of a book, play, story or a musical composition, even though plural, takes a singular verb.
Example: ‘The Three Musketeers’ is a very good book.
9. When a plural noun comes between a singular subject and its verb, the verb agrees with the singular subject.
Example: Each of the apples is juicy.
Example: Neither of the men was a thief.
10. If the words are joined to a singular subject by ‘with’, a singular verb is used.
Example: The Prime Minister, with his cabinet colleagues, is supposed to be present.
11. If subjects are joined by ‘as well as’, the verb must agree with the first subject, irrespective of whether it is singular or plural.
Example: My friend as well as my colleagues is going abroad.
12. Two nouns qualified by ‘each’ or ‘every’, even though connected by ‘and’, require a singular verb.
Example: Every boy and every girl was given vaccination.
13. None is singular but takes a plural/singular verb according to the sense involved in the sentence.
Example: None were given a chance to speak.
Example: I asked for a maid, but none was there.
14. When the plural noun is a proper name for some single object or some collective unit, it must be followed by a singular verb.
Example: The United Nations is not an effective body for world peace.
15. Nouns like glasses (spectacles), pants, trousers, shoes, people, police, scissors always take a plural verb. Also, descriptive nouns like the rich, the blind, the guilty are always plural.
Example: Your shoes are glossy.
But when used with ‘a pair of ‘, they are singular.
A pair of branded shoes is quite expensive these days.
16. Uncountable nouns like advice, news, media, stationery, weather, progress are singular and take a singular verb.
Example: Her advice has not been considered.
17. Nouns like news, physics, economics, measles, cards, aerobics are plural in form, but they are treated as singular.
Example: Aerobics is a good exercise.
18. A collective noun takes a singular verb, when the collection is thought of as one whole. It takes a plural verb when the stress is on the individuals.
Example: The cartel of oil-supplying countries has submitted its report.
Example: The cartel of oil-supplying countries are divided over the issue.
19. A singular verb is used when a plural noun denotes some specific quantity or amount.
Example: Two hundred rupees is too much for this bag.
Example: Two-thirds of the city is in ruins.
Fill in the blanks according to the subject-verb agreement rules.
1. One of my friends _________ gone to France.
2. Each of the boys _________ given a present.
3. Neither of the contestants _________ able to win a decisive victory.
4. Oil and water _________ not mix.
5. He and I _________ at Oxford together.
6. Slow and steady _________ the race.
7. Neither Rohit nor Rahul __________ any right to the property.
8. No Prize or medal __________ given to the boy though he stood first in the examination.
9. Either Maya or Anisha __________ responsible for this.
10. Neither the Minister nor his colleagues __________ given any explanation for this.
Fill in the Blanks
1. Your friend __________ (talk) too much.
2. The man with the roses __________ (look) like your brother.
3. The woman in the pool __________ (swim) well
4. Basant __________ (drive) a cab.
5. The football players __________ (run) five kilometers every day.
6. That red-haired lady in the fur hat __________ (live) across the street.
7. My dog Floyd, together with Buster, the cat __________ (like) to play with money.
8. Even though the company __________ (warn) consumers not to insert Q-tips into their ears, people refuse to read directions.
9. All of my important keys __________ (be) now stuck in the drain pipe of my bathroom sink.
10. Grandpa claims that Martian measles __________ (cause) green and purple spots to all over a person’s body.
Choose the correct option
1. The buildings on each campus __________ (was/were) recently completed.
2. All applications for the job __________ (has/have) been received.
3. Every student in all classes __________ (has/have) been notified of the test date.
4. The chalk boards in the school __________ (is/are) scratched.
5. Each year the winner from all the schools throughout the state __________ (seems/seem) to be very much surprised.
6. Each of the girls__________ (look/looks) goods on stage.
7. Everybody __________ (was/were) asked to remain quiet,
8. Neither of the men __________ (is/are) here yet
9. Several of the sheep __________ (is/are) sick.
10. Nobody in the class __________ (has/have) the answer.
1. Margo and her parents __________ (visit/visits) each other often.
2. Either the cups or the glasses __________ (are/is) in the dishwasher.
3. Rahul and Rohan __________ (need/needs) a ride to work.
4. There __________ (is/are) a dog, a cat and a bird in the garage.
5. Neither Mohan nor his brothers __________ (was/were) at the party.
6. Here into the main ring of the circus __________ (come/comes) the trained elephants.
7. Either the workers or the boss __________ (deliver/delivers) the merchandise.
8. The committee __________ (work/works) hard for better schools.
9. Some members of the faculty __________ (is/are) present.
10. Each of the girls __________ (observe/observes) all the regulations.
Fill in the blanks with verbs in agreement with the subject.
Vivek has gone to the bank. He (1) __________ (want) to take out some money. First he (2) __________ (have) to fill in a form for a new cheque book, all the cheque in the old book (3) __________ (has) already been used. He (4)__________ (make) out a cheque for the amount he (5)__________ (want) to withdraw. The manager (6) (inform) him about the ATM card and e-banking which (7)__________ (be) introduced shortly. The manager as well as the counter-clerks (8) __________ (try) to persuade him to go for an ATM card.
Do you know how to play bocce? The game (1)__________ (do) not require any special athletic abilities. There is a new bocce league at the recreational centre. There (2) __________ (be) several teams in the league. I have a new set of bocce balls. My friend (3)__________ (have) a new pallino ball. Bocce is a game for people of all ages. I (4) __________ (be) going to show you how to play.
The players take turns rolling a ball down the court. Each of the players (5)__________ (take) one ball and aims for the pallino. We try to get our balls as close to the pallino as possible. Rick often (6)__________ (try) to bounce his ball off the side of the court. Everybody who (7)__________ (play). Bocce (8) __________ (enjoy) the game.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions):
Q: what exactly is subject-verb agreement .
A: Subject-verb agreement is a grammatical rule ensuring that the subject and verb in a sentence match in number (singular or plural) to maintain grammatical harmony.
Q: Are there exceptions to subject-verb agreement rules?
A: While subject-verb agreement follows general rules, certain scenarios like collective nouns and indefinite pronouns may introduce exceptions.
Q: How do these Class 9 worksheets help?
A: Our Class 9 worksheets provide structured exercises to practice subject-verb agreement, helping you internalize the rules and apply them effectively.
Q: Why is subject-verb agreement important?
A: Subject-verb agreement is essential for clear communication. It prevents confusion and enhances the readability and professionalism of your writing.
Q: Can subject-verb agreement vary across languages?
A: Yes, subject-verb agreement rules differ across languages. English, for instance, requires strict agreement, while other languages may have more flexibility.
Q: Are there online tools to practice subject-verb agreement?
A: Absolutely! We recommend exploring language learning apps and websites that offer interactive exercises to reinforce your subject-verb agreement skills.
Congratulations! You’ve embarked on a transformative journey to master subject-verb agreement through our Class 9 worksheets. As you navigate the intricacies of singular and plural subjects, verb forms, and exceptions, you’re equipping yourself with a language skill that transcends classrooms, enriching your linguistic prowess in the real world. Remember, subject-verb agreement isn’t just about grammar – it’s about effective communication that leaves a lasting impression.