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22 Ancient Greece Activities for Middle School
Ancient greece activities, ancient greece lesson plans.
If you’re an Ancient Civilizations teacher and need some Ancient Greece activities, you’re in the right place! We’ve compiled our top free and paid resources to help you have a successful Ancient Greece unit. We want to help you succeed, whether you use these as an outline or to help supplement your existing unit! All links and resources below are what we personally use in our Ancient Greece unit.
Ancient Greece Activities for Middle School
Ancient greece word wall.
When starting off a new ancient civilizations unit, we’re big on vocabulary activities as there is a lot to cover. With that, we always find that word walls are a great tool! This resource includes 26 Ancient Greece vocabulary words that are ready to print and display on your bulletin board. Because images are included on every card, they’re also helpful for your visual learners!
Never used an ancient civilization word wall before? This blog post will teach you how to set up, organize, and use them effectively in your classroom!
Introductory Vocabulary Activities
Just like all of our units, we also like to have vocabulary-based activities. These vocabulary activities for Google Drive are fun ways for students to practice the Ancient Greece vocabulary words in a variety of ways. There’s 8 activities ranging from matching, fill-in-the-blank, Frayer Model, quizlet links, everything you would need for vocabulary! Because they are digital, it’s very easy to have students jump into one of these activities if there’s extra time.
Ancient Greece Unit Introduction
One thing we try to do is make our lessons relevant to students, so connecting present-day Greece to Ancient Greece is something we find important. To do that, we take a more modern approach to our unit and have students complete this unit introduction activity . Students research key details about modern Greece, and when we shift back to ancient times, that prior knowledge makes it easier.
Ancient Greece Slideshow + Note Sheet
We find it helpful to share background information at the start of the unit, so students can make connections during other activities. With this Ancient Greece Slideshow for Google Slides , teach your students about the GRAPES of Ancient Greece! This 54-slide Google Slideshow provides a detailed overview of Ancient Greece, including geography, the Olympics, philosophers, and much more! This no-prep resource also includes both printable and digital note sheets!
Ancient Greece Bell Ringers
If you’re looking to improve your classroom management and help students review material, these bell ringers are perfect! This set includes 20 Ancient Greece Bell Ringers for Google Drive that are 100% editable and ready to use. These warm-up prompts cover a variety of topics that come up in an Ancient Greece unit while also building helpful skills! Topics covered in this resource include Greek mythology, philosophers, democracy, Athens, Sparta, Hellenistic Kingdoms, and more!
Ancient Greece Map Activity
Geography is another starting topic we find important, but unlike other ancient civilizations, Greece’s geography is a bit different. Our Ancient Greece Geography Activity has three parts; a graphic organizer, map labeling, and an inquiry question at the end. Students will research specific geography terms, label them on a map, then explain how geography relates to the development of civilization.
Engineering an Empire Video on Ancient Greece
While you’re in the process of introducing Ancient Greece, we found a great video from History Channel’s Engineering and Empire Series . They have the full 45-minute video up on YouTube, packed with tons of information and nice visuals. This could be used as a full introduction for your unit, use it as a movie day, or an emergency sub plan.
Minoans and Mycenaeans Inquiry Activity
One of the first historical topics you’re going to cover is the Minoans and Mycenaeans. With that, we find an inquiry activity to be a great approach. In this inquiry activity , students examine photographs from the Minoans and Mycenaeans and make predictions based on those images. They then share those predictions with the class and discussion begins on what we can infer about these early societies.
Ancient Greece Government Simulation and Google Slideshow
Ancient Greece is an excellent civilization to showcase major types of government. Ancient Greece has gone through monarchy, oligarchy, tyranny, and democracy. We’ve created an Ancient Greece Government Simulation activity that goes through each one individually, and then students act them out. Afterwards, you can go over the pros and cons of each government together. It connects not only to Greece, but to other civilizations throughout history!
Ancient Greece Timeline
If you’re looking to make your Ancient Greece Unit more hands-on and engaging, this printable Ancient Greece Timeline is the resource you need! In this interactive timeline project, students construct a timeline that features reading passages, maps, and images. The information included in these features covers the Minoans, Mycenaeans, Dark Age, Archaic Greece, Classical Greece, and Hellenistic Civilization. Not only will this activity give students the chance to physically build a timeline, but it will also become a learning tool that they can refer back to throughout the unit!
Panhellenic Games Simulation
This no-prep, game-based Ancient Greece Olympics Simulation will be the highlight of your Ancient Greece unit! In this simulation with printable and digital options, students will “compete” in 8 popular events from the Panhellenic Games and answer trivia questions about the Greeks and Ancient Olympics! In each round, students will learn about a different event from the Panhellenic Games and participate in a classroom-friendly version of the event!
SHEG Athenian Democracy
A free resource we highly recommend related to government in Ancient Greece is from SHEG . The main topic of discussion is whether or not Athens was truly democratic. It’s a DBQ-style resource with lots of great documents to have your students practice analyzing primary resources. This activity also pairs well as a follow-up to our simulation activity.
Acropolis of Athens Activities
This no-prep reading passage and activity set is perfect for teaching about the Acropolis of Athens and the Parthenon! Whether you use the printable or digital versions, have your students read the passage about the Acropolis of Athens and how its use evolved over time before they complete two creative activities about what they learned! The activities included are a reading comprehension puzzle and short answer questions.
Historical Wife Swap Video from Horrible Histories
It’s not an Ancient Greece Unit without discussing the differences between Athens and Sparta. One resource we like to use as an introduction is a video from Horrible Histories . The 5-minute video does a nice job at showcasing the cultural differences of the two societies through a reality-style wife swap. It’s quick, well done, and the students have a few laughs. Please note however that the link provided is a compilation of their videos, so for Ancient Greece you’ll start at the 8-minute mark.
Peloponnesian Strangers Comic Video
Another great Sparta and Athens resource we recommend is this comic strip video . The original comic was made by McGraw-Hill but we’ve found this video narrates it very well . It covers a story of two friends, one from Sparta and one from Athens, discussing their cultural differences. They cover topics such as home-life, activities they grew up participating in, etc.
Athens vs Sparta Statistics Sorting Activity
One of our favorite Athens and Sparta activities is our Athens vs. Sparta Statistics Sorting activity ! Students are presented a variety of shuffled statistics on either Athens or Sparta, and match which statistic goes with the proper location. It’s a great way for students to get invested in the topic and maybe even get a little competitive. It works as an intro or review activity, and helps students understand how these differences affected each city-state’s way of life.
Athens vs Sparta Rap Battle
A very interactive resource that our students have enjoyed is our Athens vs. Sparta Rap Battle . There are full reading passages on each city-state included, and students conduct research to prepare a rap, song, or poem. This activity allows students to shine and get creative while being able to identify those differences. Any time we’ve used this activity, it’s always been a blast in class!
Persian Wars and Peloponnesian War
If you are looking for an effortless, step-by-step approach to teach your students about the Persian Wars or Peloponnesian War, you are in the right place! This lesson and overview activity will guide students through the many twists and turns of the Persian Wars and Peloponnesian War in an organized and thorough way. With both a printable and digital version, this resource divides the events of these wars into eight different sections. Some of the topics covered in these sections include: What happened during the First Greco-Persian War? Why did tensions grow between Athens and Sparta? Who won the Second Greco-Persian War? And more!
Gods and Goddesses of Greek Mythology Overview Slideshow
No Ancient Greece unit is complete without discussing some Greek Mythology. While every teacher is going to be different, we like to give at least an overview of the major Greek Gods and Goddesses. With that, we start with an overview slideshow introducing the Olympians.
Greek God Rap
We’ve also found a helpful review of the Greek gods and goddesses through this Greek God Rap Video . It’s a bit cringey, but it helps reinforce and retain the info in a fun and silly way for your students. And honestly the song is pretty catchy once you listen to it.
TED-Ed Greek Mythology Videos
If you want to take your Greek mythology section further, TED-Ed has wonderful videos on some of the different myths. Two of our favorites are the Myth of Prometheus and Pandora’s Box . They’re both very well-made, students enjoy them, and you can even turn them into EdPuzzles.
Greek Mythology Instagram Activity
If you’re looking for a fun review activity of Greek gods and goddesses, we do have a very engaging Instagram activity . Students take different gods and goddesses and create Instagram profiles for them, including identifying photos and writing captions. It’s great for review and students really get into it.
Greek Mythology Activity Sheet
An easy, low-prep activity option we always recommend are our Early Finisher or Emergency Sub Plan activities. We’ve created one specifically pertaining to Greek Mythology with three activities, including mystery lockers, word search, and password game! These games are perfect to have on hand when students fly through an assignment or something comes up last minute.
Percy Jackson & The Olympians: The Lightning Thief”
Another easy activity that students enjoy is watching The Lightning Thief from Disney. It’s a great way to wrap up your Greece unit or right before spring break, especially if you need an activity to finish up the unit. It’s a very convenient activity as it’s available on Disney+.
Alexander the Great Gallery Walk
Looking to give your students a museum experience about Alexander the Great ? This gallery walk activity will be a meaningful way to teach your students about Alexander the Great and his empire! This activity highlights 13 different artifacts, paintings, and passages, along with corresponding information that provides an overview of what is known about Alexander the Great. With printable, digital, and editable options and an answer key, you have everything you need for a successful activity!
DBQ Project: How Great Was Alexander the Great?
Another topic we like to bring up during Ancient Greece is Alexander the Great and the Macedonians. We’ve found a very good DBQ resource from the DBQ Project that discusses whether Alexander was actually deserving of the Great title. The resource includes a map showing how much land Alexander conquered and discusses how it affected people of each continent. It’s also a good primary and secondary source analysis activity.
Ancient Greece Job Fair
An engaging activity we’ve created for students to learn about key leaders and philosophers is our Ancient Greece Job Fair . It includes resumes for Pericles, Socrates, Aristotle, and Alexander the Great. Students analyze their resumes and decide which various jobs to hire them for. Not only does this activity reinforce unit information, but it promotes job skills that many students would otherwise not get.
We’re The Thinkers
Another video from Horrible Histories that we’ve enjoyed is “ We’re the Thinkers ”. It’s a parody of a Monkees’ theme song that covers Socrates, Aristotle, Plato, and Diogenes, and it can be a fun addition to the job fair activity.
Ancient Greece Research Project
Looking for a creative way to teach your students about the many significant philosophers, writers, scientists, mathematicians, historians, doctors, and leaders of ancient Greece? If so, you and your students will enjoy this research project ! In this no-prep activity, each student will select one of the historical figures from ancient Greece, research them, and prepare a short speech that they will present to their classmates from the perspective of that historical figure. The speech will highlight the accomplishments of their historical figure, and then students can vote on the most impactful Greek leaders and scholars after everyone has presented their speeches. Historical figures include Aristarchus, Philip II of Macedon, Thucydides, and more!
Ancient Greece Test
Save yourself time at the end of your Ancient Greece Unit with this Ancient Greece Test and Study Guide ! This ready-made test has printable and digital options, and all text is 100% editable. Each version includes 2 different testing options for Google Docs and for Google Forms, so you have the flexibility to use whichever version works best for you! To help your students prepare for the test, this resource also includes an editable Ancient Greece Study Guide for Google Docs!
Ancient Greece Agenda Slides
Need a way to stay more organized during your Ancient Greece Unit? These Ancient Greece Daily Agenda Slides Templates will help you save time and better immerse your students in the unit! These slides for Google Drive are editable and each template features a photograph of Ancient Greece in the background, as well as Ancient Greece clipart. They can be used to share your daily agenda, bell ringers, and more!
Ancient Greece Bulletin Board Kit
Connect your bulletin boards to your course content in just five minutes with this effortless, ready-to-print Ancient Greece Bulletin Board Kit ! With this bulletin board kit, students have the opportunity to view artifacts used by those living in Greece thousands of years ago! If you want to incorporate more primary sources into your classroom but don’t know where to start, this is an easy way! The 25 artifact posters include the titles of the artifacts, when they were created or used, where they were found, and where they’re currently located.
Ancient Greece Bookmarks
These printable Ancient Greece Bookmarks are a fun addition to your Ancient Greece unit! This set includes four different designs that feature images and clipart that are related to Ancient Greece. The bookmarks are 100% black and white so that students can color in the images or personalize them as they wish! These coloring bookmarks make a great prize, short early finisher activity, or can even help students save time when using their textbooks!
Ancient Greece Early Finisher Activity or Emergency Sub Plan
A final easy, no-prep activity is another of our Early Finisher activities for Ancient Greece. It includes a matching puzzle about the leaders from the golden age of Athens, and a vocabulary crossword puzzle. This activity sheet is an additional worksheet to have on hand in emergencies or students need something extra to work on.
Teaching Ancient Greece
When teaching any ancient civilization, it’s always important to have activities that make the content fun and engaging for students. If you liked any of our Ancient Greece activities, you’ll love our Ancient Greece Unit Bundle ! This bundle contains 15 resources and is a great way to supplement your textbook or curriculum materials about Ancient Greece! We’ve had great success with these resources, and our students had a blast!
Looking for ideas and inspiration when planning your Ancient Greece unit? If so, this free Ancient Greece resource guide can help! It showcases each of our Ancient Greece resources to help you decide which options will be best for your students. For more details about how we put fit these resources together and how long we spend on each activity, you can also download our free Ancient Greece unit plan !
If you liked this list of 22 Ancient Greece Activities for Middle School, consider watching the corresponding video here !
Are you looking for some new teaching ideas to engage your students in your social studies class? If so, you’ll love our FREE guide: 5 Creative Projects to Ignite Student Engagement in Your Social Studies Class . These activities have both printable and digital options and can work for any social studies subject!
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Home Lessons Ancient History Ancient Greece for Middle School Ancient Greek Governments
Ancient Greek Governments
The lesson plan on Ancient Greek Governments is a valuable resource for educators looking to provide their younger students with an introductory understanding of the government structures of Ancient Athens and Sparta. This lesson covers key concepts such as democracy, monarchy, and oligarchy and provides a comprehensive overview of the different government bodies in Ancient Greece.
One of the key features of this lesson plan is the focus on the government structures of Ancient Athens and Sparta. These two city-states had vastly different forms of government, and this lesson provides students with an in-depth look at the similarities and differences between the two. The lesson covers the Athenian democracy, including the Assembly, Council of 500, Courts, and Sparta’s oligarchy, including the Ephorate, Council of Elders, and the Assembly of Spartiates.
The lesson plan encourages critical thinking and analysis through class discussions and individual work. These activities will help students engage with the material and develop their perspective on the topic. Additionally, the lesson includes a variety of visual aids and primary source materials to help students better understand the topic and to connect with the historical context.
Ancient Greek Governments is a valuable resource for educators looking to provide their younger students with an introductory understanding of the government structures of Ancient Athens and Sparta. This lesson is perfect for students new to the topic and provides a comprehensive overview of the key concepts and government structures in Ancient Greece. It also encourages critical thinking and analysis through class discussions and individual work, making it an effective way to teach students about the history of Ancient Greek Governments while saving teachers time with lesson preparation.
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Free Ancient Greece Lesson Plans, Simulations, Activities for 6th grade - can be adjusted for any grade
For ancient greece: these are free use lesson plans, classroom activities, simulations, interactive activities, review activities, concluding activities and projects written by us and by other teachers for ancient greece. we have had great success with these ideas in our classroom. we hope they work as well for you..
Greek Geography Activity: Working in small groups, be real estate agents. Sell your site. Use real location names. If its a sea, name it. Give reasons why anyone should settle down in such a mountainous area. Remind students that the Greeks were independent. Their culture developed from villages that grew into unique and independent city-states . Have groups create a "For Sale" brochure or sign.
Geography Lesson Plans - several
Travel in Ancient Greece, a mix of city-states and locations - how geography affected the development of ancient Greece
Lesson Plans Early History - Minoan, Mycenaean, Greek Dark Ages
Lesson Plans for City-States & Government - Athens, Sparta
Worksheet: Ancient Greece, Democracy, lesson plan
Lesson Plans Greek Wars - Trojan, Persian, Peloponnesian
Greek government in different city-states: Determine how each government in ancient Greece would handle a convicted violent criminal
Gods, Goddesses, Myths - many, include projects and classroom activities
Business Cards: Tell the kids the gods are really getting upset. People are coming to the temples asking them to do everything. They don't do everything. They have jobs. People need a reminder of what jobs each god can do. In frustration, the gods have come to you to fix this. You need to create for them some business cards that they can use to advertise what they do best. (Example: Apollo, Want a sun tan? See Apollo. Or Hera: Wedding Consultant. Aphrodite: Love Advice for the Lonely. Work in groups. If you have multiple classes, work in large groups. Give each class different gods. That way, when they are all posted on the wall, the kids in each class can enjoy them. Assign groups the gods they will be helping. Give them some time. Have each class them share their business cards ideas with the class. Collect the card so can make a montage of all the cards from all classes on your wall.
Job Application: Zeus is retiring. Apply for his job.
NEW: Comparing stories and myths, in three steps
Step One : Language Arts/Social Studies - Using Ancient Greece as the location and setting, and the personalities of the ancient Greek gods: Case Files of the Hercules Detective Agency (original short stories about ancient Greece) Join Herc and his buddies as they solve the many problems facing the ancient Greek people. Meet some monsters! Visit the Olympics! Find out how kids got an education. How did men get their hair cut? How did people meet each other to get married? Who were the Oracles? What were the gods really like and how did they get along? What was the stone zoo? What happened to the missing olive trees? How did Hercules and the Minotaur become best friends? Way we use these stories in the classroom : Small group activity : Divide into small groups. Assign each group a different case file (story) to recap, illustrate, and present. Have students explain how the story used the setting, daily life, and the gods of ancient Greece to create a fictional story. Next step: Draw names from a hat to create the next small groups and have each group write an original story using Ancient Greece. They must start with a list of characters (including deities or monsters if any), a location, an event, and then build from there. Illustrate and present their story to the class. This assignment was a lot of fun and taught the kids a great deal about ancient Greece. Nothing like using the real gods characters to make sure they fit the story. Then we finish this part of the activity by bringing in the real myths that we have already discussed, myths that were told over and over by the ancient Greek storytellers.
Step Two: Write their own Greek Myths: Monster Myths : Small Group Activity. I especially like having the kids write their own monster myths, complete with Greek God villain and/or hero/heroine and a happy ending, early in the unit. First, have your students read some additional Greek Myths if time permits as a review the Greek gods. Point out especially for this lesson the myth of King Tantalus (beware mere mortals who think they can lie about the gods or use the gods for their own purposes.) Working in small groups, have kids write a short made up myth. As kids read their myth aloud, by giving parts to various group members or by selecting a narrator, the rest of the class has to ooh and ah and cheer because that's how things were done when the Ancient Greek storytellers told their tales. It was the myths. legends, and heroes that gave the early Greeks the unity and confidence they needed to escape the rule of the hated Dorians.
Step Three: Conclude this activity: Compare the difference between a story and a myth. (The difference is that a story does not need to include a god or goddess or mythical being. A myth requires it.)
Pieces of the Past: Tell your students: Imagine you are a famous archaeologist and you have just discovered the ruins of an ancient Greek home. Go through each room, carefully piecing together the clues. Each group in your class is assigned a room. The group creates clues (pieces of the past) for that room and its purpose in ancient Greece. Then, each group's room becomes an exploration station. Set up your stations around your classroom and allow students to explore each station and create a list of "discoveries" that tell us about daily life in ancient Greece. Then open class discussion. Although this is fictional writing, it is also technical writing as the assignment requires the discovery of artifacts and clues. We teach multiple classes. Some of our groups during this two-day activity chose to add to existing rooms. Some created nearby businesses. Some created neighbors. I had two groups, actually, who challenged the findings of two different discovery stations. One group was clearly, based on their presentation, seeking a grant to correct misinformation. Very fun. Our two-day activity became a four day one and I left the discovery stations up for about 10 days.
Trading Market Simulation , barter in ancient Greece. Optional use: Students can create products that would be needed in ancient Greek daily life to barter. This can be as simple as a word on a piece of paper or a quick drawing.
The News, what's going on in the ancient Greek world: The Daily Athenian, newspaper project
Lesson Plans and Activities for Daily Life, Homes, Women, School - many, include projects and classroom activities
- Worksheet:: Ancient Greece, education, lesson plan
- Worksheet: Ancient Greece, home life
Ancient Greek Olympics for the Classroom 3-4 days mini-unit with student role handouts and games . This is a great group activity, and really helps the kids understand the concept of city-states and the fierce competition that existed in ancient Greece between them. I usually use this early in the unit because it's so much fun, and so very Greek.
Lesson Plans: Ancient Greek Olympics
- Worksheet: Ancient Greece, Olympics, lesson plan
Mock Trial: Socrates, Mock Trial, Classroom Activity (2-3 class periods, 55 minutes each, Mr. Donn)
Conduct a Socrates Seminar , Socrates Seminar Classroom Activity
Activity: TV Interviews with the Great Greeks
Famous People Lesson Plans - Pericles, Socrates, Aristotle, Plato, Alexander the Great, lesson plans, Great Greeks
Alexander the Great, lesson plan, critical thinking, computer lab web activity (Mrs. Donn)
Alexander the Great and Johnny Appleseed (classroom activity and lesson idea to transition 6th grade units, from Greece to Rome)
Gift Wrapped Greeks - one of my personal favorites for teaching and reviewing inventions and achievements
Worksheet: Ancient Greece, alphabet, free download, school history)
Art & Architecture - Vases, Columns, Theatre
Greek Pot Patterns - Printable Download - Greek Vases
Lesson Ideas for Ancient Greece (some ours, some sent to us) - Paper Columns, Make a Greek Chiton
Lesson Plans: Achievements, Inventions
Worksheet: Parthenon Marbles, lesson plan, controversy
7 Wonders of the Ancient World (as selected by the ancient Greeks)
Concluding Activities and Review:
Classroom Game, Review: Greek Bingo with printout Greek bingo card
Online Game Day: Ancient Greece - Games and Interactive Learning Sites for Kids - I set this activity to work by creating a scavenger hunt sheet of things for kids to find in the sites listed on their exploration sheet. The kids have to site the source for each scavenger find for verification.
Concluding Activity : Fifth and Sixth Grade Greek Fair
Review: Online Quiz: Ask Mr. Donn, Interactive Quiz Questions with Answers about Ancient Greece for Kids and Teachers
Ancient Greece for Kids and Teachers (Mrs. Masters) Review, Activity and Game
Early & Classical Greece Units - 6th grade (Mr. Donn)
Ancient Greece, with essential and guiding questions, 8th grade (Mrs. Baldwin)
Ancient Greece Unit (133 pages)
Ancient Greece and Rome, a comparison (35 lessons, Core Knowledge)
Ranch View Middle School Ancient Greece - unit handouts
Welcome to Ancient Greece, Overviews & Units
More free use activity and project ideas for kids and teachers to use in your unit study of ancient Greece. These activities can be adjusted for any grade.
Critical Thinking Activity : Question what you read on the web! - computer lab, small group activity
Choose Your Own Adventure (from a long and creative list of Classroom Activities and Possible Assignments)
Activities: Over 90 Ancient Greece Activities for elementary and middle school Kids and Teachers - some ours, some sent to us
Great Links from Poulsbo Middle School, Kitsap County, WA - Ancient Greek Civilization
Webquests & Resources
My Ancient Greek Activity Book - Includes making business cards for the gods .
Choose Your Own Adventure from over 70 different classroom activities and possible assignments
New teachers : Easy desk arrangements for the classroom - I move my desks around all the time, depending upon the activities I'm doing that day. It took me forever to realize I can have the kids move their desks, after I mark the spots with masking tape. You don't want to have the kids moving into formations all the time, but occasionally it's a smart thing to do. Tell them you need their help prior to movement. It's a team building activity. It's not your classroom that way, it's "our" classroom. They will want to help you.
Greek Worksheets -
- History for Kids (These are useful to assign for optional homework for a little boost in grade - does not count against, only counts for)
Explore Ancient Greece
For kids: overview.
Geography & Maps
Early Greece: Minoans , Mycenaeans , Dorians
Greek Dark Ages
Rise of Greek City-States
- On Land: Greek Warriors
- At Sea: Greek Ships
- Persian Wars
- The Delian League
- Peloponnesian War
Alexander the Great
- The League of Corinth
Decline and Fall
Achievements & Contributions
Inventions & Discoveries
Investigate Real Life Artifacts
Play Greek Games! Interactive
For Kids: Art, Culture, Government
Greek Drama and Theatre
Ancient Greek Olympics
Types of Government
Roots of Democracy
Greek Vases Tell a Story
Greek Columns and Architecture
For Kids: Greek Mythology
Ancient Greek Myths for Kids, retold by Lin Donn
- Zeus, Hera, and Little Io
- The Competition, Athena and Poseidon
- Theseus, the Minotaur, and the Maze
- Dionysus and Ariadne
- Icarus and Daedalus, Wings
- The 12 Labors of Hercules
- Demeter and Persephone, Reason for the Seasons
- Apollo's Oracle at Delphi
- Perseus, Andromeda, and the sea god, Poseidon
- King Midas and the Donkey Ears
- And Many More
Ancient Greek Gods & Goddesses
The 12 Olympians
Greek God Family Tree
Acropolis & Parthenon
For Kids: Ancient Greek Daily Life
Pets & Toys
For Kids: People
Pericles Funeral Oration
Homer's Iliad & Homer's Odyssey
For Kids: Interactive Quizzes
Alexander the Great & Gifts from the Greeks
Activities and Projects
Lesson Plans & Units
For Kids and Teachers: Other Ancient Civilizations
See Also: Early Humans for Kids and Teachers
Archaeology for Kids and Teachers
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Ancient Greece Facts & Worksheets
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (ca. AD 600).
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Table of Contents
See the fact file below for more information on the Ancient Greece or alternatively, you can download our 18-page Ancient Greece worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
Historical and geographical background.
- The earliest Greek civilizations thrived nearly 4,000 years ago. The term “Ancient Greece” refers to the period of history that lasted from 750 BC (the archaic period) to 146 BC (the Roman conquest). Ancient Greece is the culture that provided the foundation for Western Civilization.
- Almost completely surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, mainland Greece was composed of about 1400 islands. Greek cities were founded around the Black Sea, North Africa, and near modern-day Spain , Sicily, and France .
- Before the Archaic period, Greeks lived in small farming villages. Since then, villages evolved and started to be bounded with walls.
- From then, government developed and citizens organized politics through a set of laws, later called the constitution. Early city-state economy was based on agriculture, not trade. Politically, most polis were ruled by aristocrats rather than monarchs.
- During the Late Classical Period, Philip of Macedon united warring city-states. After his assassination, Alexander the Great , his son assumed the throne.
- In 168 BCE, after the defeat of Macedonia, Roman Republic took over Greece. As a result, Greek culture influenced the emerging Roman Empire .
WAY OF LIFE AND ACHIEVEMENTS
- The Greeks were the first to have a democratic government.
- The ancient Greeks did not have one king or queen. They lived in city-states. Each city-state was a separate political unit. Each city-state had its own laws and government.
- There were over 100 city-states in Ancient Greece, and they could not get along with each other. The two most powerful city states were Athens and Sparta . They were very different. In Athens, the focus was on education and the arts. Sparta’s focus was on the military.
- On top of the tallest hill in each city-state, the Greeks built a collection of buildings called an acropolis. The acropolis was used for three things: religious festivals, banks, and a fortress.
- The first Olympic games were held in Ancient Greece almost 3000 years ago (776 BC) at the Greek city of Olympia.
- The Ancient Greeks played an important part in the development of the alphabet. The first two letters of the Greek alphabet – alpha and beta – have given us the word ‘alphabet’. There are 24 letters in the modern Greek Alphabet.
- They have been used since in the 8th to 9th century BC. The letters are: Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, Zeta, Eta, Theta, Iota, Kappa, Lambda, Mu, Nu Xi, Omicron, Pi, Rho, Sigma, Tau, Upsilon, Phi, Chi, Psi, and Omega. The Greeks were the first to develop an alphabet with vowels.
- Slaves were very important to ancient Greek daily life. Slaves cleaned and cooked. They also worked in the fields, shops, mines, factories, and on ships. Even the police force in ancient Athens was made up of slaves.
- In Greece, the men ran the government. They spent a lot of their time out of the house while involved in politics. Men also spent time in the fields overseeing the crops. They sailed, hunted, and traded. All of these activities took the men away from home. Men enjoyed wrestling, horseback riding, and the Olympic Games. Men had parties in which the women were not allowed to attend.
- In most city-states, women had little freedom. Wealthy women hardly ever left the house. They sent slaves to the market. The women were allowed to attend weddings, funerals, and some religious festivals. Their job was to run the house and bear children. Greek women supervised slaves who did all the cooking, cleaning, and tending of the crops. Male slaves guarded the women when the men were away. Girls did not go to school. They learned only the basics of reading and math at home. Girls were taught how to run a house. Women lived in a special section of the house called the gynaeceum.
- The ancient Greeks were polytheistic, which means they had many gods and goddesses. They were known as the Olympians. Greek Myths are all that’s left of the ancient Greek religion. The Greek Myths are our window into Ancient Greece.
- Ancient Greece Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Ancient Greece across 18 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Ancient Greece worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Ancient Greece which was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (ca. AD 600).
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Greek City-States
- In Three Words
- The Acropolis
- The Olympics
- Famous Greeks
- Rival City-States
- Greek Gods and Goddesses
- Influence and Legacies
- Touring Greece
Frequently Asked Questions
How old is ancient greece.
The Archaic Age is the time period from 700-480 BC. This is different than the Classical Age, which is from 480-323 BC. The Classical Age is known for its art, architecture, and philosophy. But during the Archaic Age, there were advances in art, poetry, and technology.
What is Greece famous for?
Greece is famous for its ancient philosophers. People like Plato, Pythagoras, Socrates, and Aristotle came from Greece. Greece is also known as the birthplace of democracy in the West. They invented Olympic Games and theater there too. Ancient Greeks invented monumental temples with Greek columns.
What did ancient Greeks wear?
In ancient Greece, clothing was typically made of chiton, peplos, himation, and chlamys. These were the four main types of clothing worn by civilians. The chiton was an undergarment that consisted of a single piece of cloth draped around the body. Peplos was a cloak that was worn over the chiton. The himation was a cloak that could be worn either over or under the peplos. And finally, chlamys was a type of cloak that could be worn either over or under the himation.
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Greek Influence on U.S. Democracy
The United States has a complex government system. One important tenet of this system is democracy, in which the ultimate power rests with the people. In the case of the United States, that power is exercised indirectly, through elected representatives. Although the U.S. has been a strong proponent of democracy, it did not invent democracy. The Greeks are often credited with pioneering a democratic government that went on to influence the structure of the United States. Read this article that describes how elements of ancient Greek democracy heavily influenced the figures that designed the United States government.
Social Studies, Civics, U.S. History
After declaring independence from England in 1776, the founders of the United States possessed a unique opportunity to create a government of their choosing. This was a momentous task, and for guidance they looked to what they deemed the best philosophies and examples of government throughout world history. Along with the Roman model, the democratic model of ancient Greece’s system of self-government greatly influenced how the founding fathers set out to construct the new United States government. Prior to independence, the east coast of what is today the United States was divided into 13 separate colonies. The founders of the United States decided to keep the country divided into states rather than dissolving the colonial boundaries. They did this so that each region could be governed at a local level, with a national government acting as a dominant authority over all. These 13 colonies would become the first states of the newly established country. A U.S. state resembles the community structure of an ancient Greek polis , or city-state . A polis was composed of an urban center and the land surrounding it, developments similar to that of the major cities and state capitals in the United States and the rural areas surrounding them. In ancient Greece, some of the main city-states were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Syracuse. These city-states acted independently for the most part. However, sometimes they engaged in war against each other. They also banded together to defend Greece from foreign invaders . All Greek city-states had sets of rules by which the people lived in observance and laws they were required to obey. In ancient Greece the idea of rule of law came from the philosopher Aristotle ’s belief in natural law. He claimed the existence of a higher justice in nature—certain essential rights—that superseded the laws written by humans. Aristotle believed that people should align themselves with this natural law and govern by its ethics . In the United States today, the rule of law is a principle that ensures that all laws are publicly accessible, equally enforced, and independently judged, and that they adhere to international human rights ethics . The rule of law is important because it allows all individuals and institutions (including the government itself) to be held accountable for their actions. By agreeing to follow the rule of law, the United States can prevent abuses of power by leaders who might act as if they are above the law. Another important ancient Greek concept that influenced the formation of the United States government was the written constitution . Aristotle , or possibly one of his students, compiled and recorded The Constitution of the Athenians and the laws of many other Greek city-states. Having a written constitution creates a common standard as to how people should behave and what rules they must follow. It also establishes clear processes by which people who break the law are judged and those who are harmed as a result can be compensated or given justice. Like The Constitution of the Athenians, the U.S. Constitution is a vital document. It lays out the government’s structure and how the checks and balances of power within it relate to one another. The U.S. Constitution acts as the supreme law of the country and establishes individual citizens’ rights, such as the right to free speech or the right to a trial by a jury of one’s peers. Today, the U.S. Constitution is still regularly referenced in law as the supreme law of the land and is enforced by the U.S. Supreme Court, the country’s highest court. The original U.S. voting system had some similarities with that of Athens. In Athens, every citizen could speak his mind and vote at a large assembly that met to create laws. Citizens were elected to special councils to serve as organizers, decision-makers, and judges. However, the only people considered citizens in Athens were males over the age of 18. Women, slaves, and conquered peoples could not vote in the assembly or be chosen to serve on councils. The founders of the United States similarly believed that only certain people should be allowed to vote and elect officials. They chose to structure the United States as a representative democracy . This means that citizens elect officials, such as senators and representatives , who vote on behalf of the citizens they represent in Congress . It also means that instead of each individual citizen voting for president directly, a body called the Electoral College officially casts the votes of each state for president. As in Athens, when the United States was founded only white, landowning men were allowed to vote. Over time, however, all U.S. citizens over the age of 18 who have not been convicted of a felony have gained the right to vote. The principles behind the ancient Greeks’ democratic system of government are still in use today. The United States and many other countries throughout the modern world have adopted democratic governments to give a voice to their people. Democracy provides citizens the opportunity to elect officials to represent them. It also allows citizens to choose to elect a different person to represent them if they are dissatisfied with their current elected officials. Today, democracy and the rule of law provide people around the world with a means of protecting their human rights and holding each other accountable as equals under the law.
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