How To Set Static IP To VirtualBox VM

Table of Contents

  • 1 How to change network settings so you can ping the VM
  • 2 How to set static IP for VirtualBox’s VM

So you’ve installed a new VM on VirtualBox and everything went smoothly. When you boot up the VM and type

and here is what you got:

how to change ip address virtualbox

You noticed that there isn’t any IP address that begins with 192.168! On your host machine, you type

for Windows, or

For Linux/Mac, you got something like this:

how to change ip address virtualbox

You may even try to ping the VM’s address but no luck!

how to change ip address virtualbox

Well, I’ll show you how to fix that.

How to change network settings so you can ping the VM

The first thing you do is going to Machine->Settings and click on Network then set the settings as below:

virtualbox VM change network settings to bridge mode

Attached to -> Bridge Adapter

Promiscuous Mode -> Allow All

Check Cable Connected.

Then click OK.

Wait for up to 1 minute for the VM to apply the changes. When you type

again, you should see there is one IP of the VM begins with 192.168

Default IP after applying new network settings.

And you can ping from the host machine to the VM:

how to change ip address virtualbox

That’s great, however, the IP can be changed without you knowing it. That’s usually not a good thing. Next, I’m going to show you how to set a static (fixed) IP for the VM. No worries, it’s pretty quick!

How to set static IP for VirtualBox’s VM

Noticed that when you typed ip a , you see the network interface of your IP (begins with 192.168) is something like enp0s3 (yours could be different). You need to know this for the next step.

Next, type:

Since your VM is new, the file shouldn’t be available yet. The command above creates the file.

Next, use your favorite editor the put the following text in the file:

Replace enp0s3 with your VM’s network interface and 192.168.1.97 with your favorite IP address and save the file.

Here, I set the IP to 192.168.1.98 to make it different from what it currently is:

how to change ip address virtualbox

You should see the IP updated as in the config:

how to change ip address virtualbox

Now you have a static IP that you can ping from the host and other VM on your PC.

how to change ip address virtualbox

I build softwares that solve problems. I also love writing/documenting things I learn/want to learn.

5 thoughts on “How To Set Static IP To VirtualBox VM”

Thank you for this article. My NAT settings occasionally fail and this is the only way I’ve found to reset it. After establishing a connection in Bridged Mode I can go back and set it to NAT again and it works.

Hi, thanks for this manual, as of march 2023, “gateway4:” is deprecated (manual an warning) one should use “default routes ” but now I’m out, could you update your manual to the new procedure to “noob understanding” form to cover the new situation? Thanks in advance

Sorry wrong formatting …

You should replace `gateway4: 192.168.1.1` with “yaml routes: – to: default via: 192.168.1.1 “` https://dothanhlong.org/virtualbox-assign-static-ip-to-vm/

Thanks for the tutorial. However, I encountered the problem that I couldn’t connect external network (ex. ping 8.8.8.8) after following the steps.

Here’s how I solve the problem. We cannot set the “favorite IP address” to any address. The first 3 part of the address should be the same as the gateway. For example, the gateway is 192.168.1.1, then we can only set favorite IP address to 192.168.1.X. We cannot set it to, for example, 192.168.56.101.

Please enlighten me if I’m wrong.

You are correct about setting the IP. However, the DNS server is different.

Leave a Comment Cancel reply

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Explore top-rated data protection at an affordable price

  • Customer stories

Learn how organizations of all sizes and industries successfully protect data with NAKIVO

  • Product Datasheet
  • Backup Solution for MSPs
  • Backup for Virtualization
  • Microsoft 365 Backup
  • Ransomware Protection
  • Real-Time Replication BETA

Gartner® Magic QuadrantTM

Enterprise Backup and Recovery Solution

  • Virtual: VMware | Hyper-V | Nutanix AHV
  • Physical server: Windows | Linux
  • Workstations: Windows | Linux
  • SaaS: Microsoft 365
  • Cloud: Amazon EC2
  • File Share: NAS | File Server
  • Apps: SQL | Active Directory Exchange | Oracle Database
  • Virtual: VMware | Hyper-V
  • MSP SOLUTION
  • DISASTER RECOVERY
  • VMware Disaster Recovery
  • REAL-TIME REPLICATION beta
  • IT MONITORING
  • Backup Malware Scan
  • SMB | Enterprise | Education Remote Office Backup Hybrid Cloud Backup
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Western Digital
  • Backblaze B2
  • S3-Compatible Storage
  • EMC Data Domain
  • HPE StoreOnce
  • NEC HYDRAstor
  • Backup from HPE Storage Snapshots
  • Pricing and Editions
  • Pricing Calculator
  • Get a Quote
  • Find a Reseller
  • Find an MSP
  • Renew License

More growth opportunities with the NAKIVO Partner Program

  • Why Partner
  • Solution Partner Signup
  • Deal Registration

Grow your customer base with powerful BaaS and DRaaS

  • MSP Partner Signup
  • Technology Partners
  • Storage Certification Program
  • Log In to the Partner Portal
  • SUPPORT RESOURCES

Find answers to your questions in our technical documentation

  • Knowledge Base
  • Release Notes
  • API Reference Guide
  • SUPPORT CENTER

Reach out to our highly-rated support team about any issues

  • Send Support Bundle
  • How-to Videos

VirtualBox Network Settings: Complete Guide

In this modern business world, networking is a crucial component of interactive computer operations. It is difficult to imagine how to exchange data between computers without networks in a world where everything is changing at ever-growing speed. One of the central focal ideas behind hardware virtualization is the possibility to use virtual machines in nearly all cases where physical computers can also be used.

NAKIVO for Linux Machines Backup

NAKIVO for Linux Machines Backup

Fast and efficient backup for Linux servers and workstations. Anti-ransomware protection, multiple backup targets, flexible recovery options and much more!

Virtual Network Adapters

Each VirtualBox VM can use up to eight virtual network adapters, each of which in turn is referred to as a network interface controller (NIC). Four virtual network adapters can be configured in the VirtualBox GUI (graphical user interface). All virtual network adapters (up to 8) can be configured with the VBoxManage modifyvm command. VBoxManage is a command line management tool of VirtualBox that can be used for configuring all VirtualBox settings including VirtualBox network settings. VirtualBox network adapter settings can be accessed in the virtual machine settings (select your VM, hit Settings and go to the Network section in the VM settings window).

VirtualBox Network Settings for Adapter 1

There you should see four adapter tabs. One virtual network adapter is enabled by default after virtual machine creation. You can tick the “ Enable Network Adapter ” checkbox to enable the adapter and untick the checkbox to disable (this checkbox defines whether a virtual network adapter device is connected to a VM or not).

Hit Advanced to expand advanced VirtualBox network adapter settings.

Types of Virtual Network Adapters in VirtualBox

A virtual network adapter is a software-emulated physical device. There are six virtual adapter types that can be virtualized by VirtualBox.

  • AMD PCnet-PCI II (Am79C970A) . This network adapter is based on AMD chip and can be used in many situations. As for Windows guests, this network adapter can be used for older Windows versions (such as Windows 2000) because newer Windows versions such as Windows 7, 8 and 10 do not contain a built-in driver for this adapter. Originally, the Am79C970A PCI device contained a single chip 10-Mbit controller and the DMA engine was integrated. This network adapter also supports AMD’s Magic Packet technology for remote wake-up.
  • AMD PCnet-FAST III (Am79C973) . This virtualized network adapter is supported by almost all guest operating systems that can run on VirtualBox. GRUB (the boot loader) can use this adapter for network boot. Similarly to the previous network adapter, this one is based AMD chip.
  • Intel PRO/1000 MT Desktop (82540EM) . This adapter works perfectly with Windows Vista and newer Windows versions. The most of Linux distributions support this adapter as well.
  • Intel PRO/1000 T Server (82543GC) . Windows XP recognizes this adapter without installing additional drivers.
  • Intel PRO/1000 MT Server (82545EM) . This adapter model is useful to import OVF templates from other platforms and can facilitate import process.
  • Paravirtualized Network Adapter (virtio-net) is a special case. Instead of virtualizing networking hardware that is supported by most operating systems, a guest operating system must provide a special software interface for virtualized environments. This approach allows you to avoid the complexity of networking hardware emulating and, as a result, can improve network performance.

The industry standard virtIO networking drivers are supported by VirtualBox. VirtIO networking drivers are a part of the KVM project and are open-source. These drivers are available for Linux with kernel 2.6.25 or later, and Windows including older versions such as Windows 2000, XP and Vista.

Jumbo frames support

VirtualBox provides limited support for jumbo frames (Ethernet frames that can carry packets which size is more than 1,500 bytes). If you need to use jumbo frames, select an Intel virtualized network adapter, and configure that adapter to work in bridged mode. AMD-based virtual networks adapters don’t support jumbo frames. If you try to enable jumbo frames for AMD-based virtual network adapters, jumbo frames will be dropped silently for input and output traffic. Jumbo frames are disabled by default.

VirtualBox Network Modes

VirtualBox provides a long list of network modes, which is one of the most interesting features of VirtualBox network settings. Each virtual network adapter can be separately configured to operate in a different network mode. For example, you can set the NAT mode for the adapter 1 and the Host-only mode for the adapter 2. You can select the network mode in the Attached to drop-down menu.

VirtualBox network settings – selecting a network mode for the virtual network adapter

Let’s consider each VirtualBox network mode in detail.

Not attached

A virtual network adapter is installed in a VM, but the network connection is missing, much like when you unplug the Ethernet network cable when using a physical network adapter. This mode can be useful for testing. For example, you can enable this network mode for a short time to emulate unplugging the cable. When you disable the Not Attached mode by switching to another network mode, the network connection becomes available again. You can also check whether a DHCP client obtains the IP address correctly, whether the appropriate application can resume downloading after link interruption or packet loss, and so on.

Instead of using the Not Attached network mode, you can use any other network mode without ticking the Cable Connected checkbox. You can tick/untick the checkbox when a VM is in the running state (see the screenshot above). Don’t forget to hit OK to apply changes in the VM network configuration.

This network mode is enabled for a virtual network adapter by default. A guest operating system on a VM can access hosts in a physical local area network (LAN) by using a virtual NAT (Network Address Translation) device. External networks, including the internet, are accessible from a guest OS. A guest machine is not accessible from a host machine, or from other machines in the network when the NAT mode is used for VirtualBox networking. This default network mode is sufficient for users who wish to use a VM just for internet access, for example.

The IP address of the VM network adapter is obtained via DHCP and the IP addresses of the network used in this network mode cannot be changed in the GUI. VirtualBox has a built-in DHCP server and NAT engine. A virtual NAT device uses the physical network adapter of the VirtualBox host as an external network interface. The default address of the virtual DHCP server used in the NAT mode is 10.0.2.2 (this is also the IP address of the default gateway for a VM). The network mask is 255.255.255.0.

If you configure the network adapters of two or more VMs to use the NAT mode, each VM will obtain the 10.0.2.15 IP address in its own isolated network behind a private virtual NAT device. The default gateway for each VM is 10.0.2.2. In VirtualBox IP addresses are not changed when the NAT mode is used, as you can see below:

VirtualBox network modes – how the NAT mode works

In order to enable the  NAT  mode for a VM with VBoxManage, execute the following command:

  • VM_name is the name of your virtual machine;
  • nic1 is the number of the virtual network adapter;
  • nat is the name of the VirtualBox network mode that you need to set.

Port forwarding can be configured right from the VirtualBox VM network settings window by clicking the Port forwarding button (seen in the screenshot above). Detailed information about configuring port forwarding in VirtualBox network settings, which you can find below after the Network Modes section.

NAT Network

This mode is similar to the NAT mode that you use for configuring a router. If you use the NAT Network mode for multiple virtual machines, they can communicate with each other via the network. The VMs can access other hosts in the physical network and can access external networks including the internet. Any machine from external networks as well as those from a physical network to which the host machine is connected cannot access the VMs configured to use the NAT Network mode (similarly to when you configure a router for internet access from your home network). You cannot access the guest machine from the host machine when using the NAT Network mode (unless you are configuring port forwarding in global VirtualBox network settings). A built-in VirtualBox NAT router uses a physical network interface controller of the VirtualBox host as an external network interface (as is the case for the NAT mode).

VirtualBox network settings – the NAT Network mode

The network address and name can be changed in the global VirtualBox preferences ( File > Preferences ). In the left pane of the Preferences window, select Network to access global VirtualBox network settings, then double click your existing NAT network to edit the settings (you can also add a new network or delete an existing network by clicking the + or x icons).

Global VirtualBox network settings – editing the settings of the NAT Network

In the small pop-up window that will appear, it is also possible to enable/disable DHCP, IPv6 and configure port forwarding.

VirtualBox network settings – configuring the NAT Network

The default address of the  NatNetwork  is 10.0.2.0/24.

The default gateway IP is 10.0.2. 1 (the x.x.x.1 template is used to assign the default gateway IP). For example, if you create a new virtual network for the NAT Network mode in VirtualBox and set the 192.168.22.0/24 network address, the IP address of the gateway in this network will be 192.168.22. 1 . You cannot change the IP address of the gateway for the network used in the NAT Network mode and change the range of IP addresses issued by the DHCP server. Similarly, the IP address of the DHCP server is 10.0.2.3 by default (the x.x.x.3 template is used).

The IP configuration of the Windows 7 VM running on VirtualBox with a virtual network adapter configured in the NAT Network mode is displayed on the screenshot.

A Windows 7 VM is configured to work in the NAT Network mode

If you don’t want to edit VirtualBox network settings in the GUI, you can add a new NAT network with VBoxManage by using the command:

  • natnet1  is the name of the NAT network;
  • 192.168.22.0/24  is the address of that NAT network.

If you want to configure a VM network adapter in order to use the  NAT Network  mode with VBoxManage, run the following command:

  • nic1  is the first virtual network adapter (network interface controller);
  • natnetwork  is the name of the VirtualBox network mode.

You may need to shut down the VM before applying these settings.

In order to avoid repeating the same command with VBoxManage when selecting a network mode for the virtual network adapter of a VM in each section of the article, consider the names of all possible VirtualBox network modes:  none, null, nat, natnetwork, bridged, intnet, hostonly, generic.

Port forwarding is one more option that can be accessed and configured from this window. Port forwarding can be used to configure access from the host machine and other hosts of the same physical network to the services running on the guest OS inside the VM (see details below). As you can see, the location of the port forwarding settings for the NAT mode and NAT Network modes are different in the VirtualBox GUI. Port forwarding settings for the NAT mode are available in VM > Settings > Network while port forwarding settings for the NAT Network mode can be configured in File > Preferences > Network . This is because port forwarding rules for the NAT mode are individual for each VM while port forwarding rules for the NAT Network mode are common for multiple VMs whose adapters are connected to the appropriate NAT network. See details about configuring port forwarding below in the Port Forwarding section.

Bridged Adapter

This mode is used for connecting the virtual network adapter of a VM to a physical network to which a physical network adapter of the VirtualBox host machine is connected. A VM virtual network adapter uses the host network interface for a network connection. Put simply, network packets are sent and received directly from/to the virtual network adapter without additional routing. A special net filter driver is used by VirtualBox for a bridged network mode in order to filter data from the physical network adapter of the host.

This network mode can be used to run servers on VMs that must be fully accessible from a physical local area network. When using the bridged network mode in VirtualBox, you can access a host machine, hosts of the physical network and external networks, including internet from a VM. The VM can be accessed from the host machine and from other hosts (and VMs) connected to the physical network.

If you have multiple physical network adapters on the host machine, you should select the correct adapter in VirtualBox network settings. On the screenshot below you can see two physical network adapters – Ethernet adapter and Wi-Fi adapter . If you use the bridged mode for a wireless network adapter, you cannot use low-level features of that Wi-Fi adapter in a guest operating system. For example, you cannot select Wi-Fi networks to connect to, enable the monitoring mode, etc. Instead, you need to connect to the Wi-Fi network on the host machine. If you have to use all features of the Wi-Fi adapter in the guest OS of the VM, use a USB Wi-Fi adapter and the USB Pass-through feature as explained in the blog post about installing Kali Linux on VirtualBox .

VirtualBox network settings – selecting an adapter for the Bridged network mode

In VirtualBox, the IP address of a VM virtual network adapter can belong to the same network as the IP address of the physical network adapter of the host machine when the bridged mode is used. If there is a DHCP server in your physical network, the virtual network adapter of the VM will obtain the IP address automatically in the bridged mode (if obtaining an IP address automatically is set in the network interface settings in a guest OS). Thus, the default gateway for a virtual network adapter operating in the bridged mode is the same as for your host machine. Let’s look at a simple example with IP addresses.

The address of the physical network: 10.10.10.0/24

The IP address of the default gateway in the physical network: 10.10.10.1

The IP address of the DHCP server in the physical network: 10.10.10.1

IP configuration of the host machine: The IP address – 10.10.10.72; netmask – 255.255.255.0; default gateway – 10.10.10.1.

IP configuration of the guest machine: The IP address – 10.10.10.91; netmask – 255.255.255.0; default gateway – 10.10.10.1.

VirtualBox network settings – bridged networking

Sometimes, you may find that you have multiple gateways in your physical network. You can use a host machine for connecting to necessary networks via one gateway and use a guest machine for connecting to other networks via the second gateway. You can also edit a routing table on your VM and add routes for using both gateways to connect to the appropriate networks. As you can see, the bridged network mode is a powerful option in VirtualBox network settings with a lot of use cases.

Promiscuous mode . This mode allows a network adapter to pass all received traffic, no matter to which adapter the traffic is addressed. In normal mode, a network adapter receives only frames that include the MAC address of this particular network adapter as the destination address in the header. The frames that are addressed to a MAC address which differs from the MAC address of the selected adapter (when traffic is not broadcast) are dropped when in normal mode. The promiscuous mode makes it possible for a physical network adapter to have multiple MAC addresses, allowing all incoming traffic to pass the physical network adapter of the host machine and reach the virtual network adapter of the VM which has its own MAC address that is represented on the host adapter, even if that traffic is not addressed to the virtual network adapter of that particular VM.

Most wireless network adapters don’t support the promiscuous mode. Bridging to Wi-Fi adapters is done in following way – VirtualBox replaces the appropriate MAC addresses in the headers of Ethernet frames that must be delivered to the virtual network adapter of the VM (the MAC address of the host Wi-Fi adapter must be used for that traffic). The promiscuous mode is useful for network testing and security audits. You can enable the promiscuous mode in VirtualBox network settings and monitor network traffic with a sniffer.

There are three options of using the promiscuous mode .

  • Deny . Any traffic that is not intended to the virtual network adapter of the VM is hidden from the VM. This option is set by default.
  • Allow VMs . All traffic is hidden from the VM network adapter except the traffic transmitted to and from other VMs.
  • Allow All . There are no restrictions in this mode. A VM network adapter can see all incoming and outgoing traffic.

The Promiscuous mode can be used not only for the Bridged network mode, but also for NAT Network , Internal Network and Host-Only Adapter modes.

Internal Network

Virtual machines whose adapters are configured to work in the VirtualBox Internal Network mode are connected to an isolated virtual network. VMs connected to this network can communicate with each other, but they cannot communicate with a VirtualBox host machine, or with any other hosts in a physical network or in external networks. VMs connected to the internal network cannot be accessed from a host or any other devices. The VirtualBox internal network can be used for modelling real networks.

For example, you can create three VMs, each of which has a virtual network adapter (Adapter 1) connected to the internal network. The IP addresses of these network adapters are defined from the subnet used for the VirtualBox internal network (you should define the subnet manually). One of these VMs ( VM1 ) also has a second virtual network adapter that is configured to operate in the NAT mode. The VM1 is configured as a router (one of the best solutions for creating a router is to install Linux and configure IPTABLES, but for the first time you can use simpler routing solutions in a case of VirtualBox network testing).

A VM2 and VM3 whose network adapters are connected only to the VirtualBox internal network can have access to external networks if the IP address of the internal network adapter of the VM1 are set as a gateway in the network settings of VM2 and VM3 .

Network configuration used in this example:

VM1 . IP address – 192.168.23.1 (internal network mode); 10.0.2.15 (NAT mode), gateway 10.0.2.2 (the IP address of the built-in VirtualBox NAT device).

VM2 . IP address – 192.168.23.2 (internal network), gateway – 192.168.23.1

VM3 . IP address – 192.168.23.3 (internal network), gateway – 192.168.23.1

VirtualBox internal network subnet: 192.168.23.0/24

See the diagram below for more clarity.

VirtualBox network settings – using the Internal network mode in a combination with the NAT mode

Note : You can also deploy such virtual infrastructure for testing firewall rules in IPTABLES before implementing them in your real network infrastructure, but it is preferable to use the bridged mode and not the NAT mode for the second virtual network adapter of the VM1 when connecting to/from external networks.

Host-only Adapter

This network mode is used for communicating between a host and guests. A VM can communicate with other VMs connected to the host-only network, and with the host machine. The VirtualBox host machine can access all VMs connected to the host-only network.

VirtualBox network settings – VMs use the host-only network

The VirtualBox Host-Only virtual network adapter is created in a host operating system for use in the host-only network. You can edit settings of this VirtualBox network by going to File > Host Network Manager .

VirtualBox network settings - configuring the Host-Only network

In our case, the default network address of the host-only network is 192.168.56.0/24 and the IP address of the virtual network adapter on the host machine is 192.168.56.1. You can edit these IP addresses manually in the Adapter tab. A DHCP server can be enabled or disabled by ticking the appropriate checkbox. In the DHCP Server tab, you can set the IP address of the DHCP server, netmask and the range of IP addresses to be issued for DHCP clients.

VirtualBox network settings – configuring a DHCP server for a Host-Only network

The virtual network adapters of the VMs don’t have a gateway in their IP configuration because the Host-Only mode doesn’t allow you to connect to any devices outside the host-only network. It is also possible to create more than one VirtualBox host-only network adapter in order to use different host-only networks—just press the Create button. If the host-only network is no longer needed, simply select the adapter and hit Remove .

Generic Driver

This network mode allows you to share the generic network interface. A user can select the appropriate driver to be distributed in an extension pack or be included with VirtualBox.

Two sub-modes are available for VirtualBox Generic Driver mode – UDP Tunnel and VDE (Virtual Distributed Ethernet) Networking.

UDP Tunnel . Virtual machines that run on different hosts can communicate transparently by using an existing network infrastructure.

VDE Networking . Virtual machines can connect to a virtual distributed switch on Linux or FreeBSD hosts. You need to compile VirtualBox from sources to use VDE networking since standard VirtualBox packages don’t include this feature.

Comparison of VirtualBox Network Modes

For more convenience, let’s summarize all information about network modes supported by VirtualBox in this table:

VirtualBox network settings – Comparison oVirtualBox Network Modes

Port Forwarding

Port forwarding is a process of intercepting traffic addressed to the appropriate IP address and port in addition to redirecting that traffic to a different IP address and/or port. Special applications can be used on computers and other router devices to configure port forwarding. One of the most popular use cases for port forwarding is by providing access to particular network services that are hidden behind the NAT from external networks. After configuring port forwarding rules, clients can access the appropriate services from outside by connecting to the router’s (host’s) external IP address and specified port.

The packets are first intercepted by an application on the router, then the application reads the destination IP address and port number of the appropriate headers (IP packet headers, headers of TCP or UDP segments). If a combination of the destination IP address and/or port number in headers matches a condition set in a port forwarding rule, the routing application rewrites the header information (IP address and/or port number) and sends a packet/segment to another network interface according to the port forwarding rule.

By default, connecting to VirtualBox VMs whose network adapters are set to operate in the NAT or NAT Network mode is impossible from a VirtualBox host and other hosts in LAN, but VirtualBox provides a built-in port forwarding feature to enable such access.

Example 1 – SSH access

Let’s now consider configuring port forwarding for connecting to VirtualBox VMs using the example of connecting to an SSH server running on an Ubuntu Linux VM that is connected to the network by the NAT mode. You can read how to install Ubuntu on VirtualBox in  this blog post .

The input data:

Host IP:  10.10.10.72  (a physical NIC).

Ubuntu VM IP:  10.0.2.15  (NAT mode)

User name:  user1

1. Install the SSH server on the Ubuntu VM.

apt-get install openssh-server

2. Edit the SSH server configuration file.

vim /etc/ssh/sshd_config

3. Uncomment the string for enabling authentication with passwords.

PasswordAuthentication yes

4. Restart the SSH daemon (service).

/etc/init.d/ssh restart

5. Verify that the SSH server is working and try to connect to the SSH server from localhost (Ubuntu VM).

ssh [email protected]

6. If everything is OK, you can start configuring port forwarding in VirtualBox.

As you recall, you should open  VM settings  and select the  Network  section. Select your virtual network adapter that is configured to work in the  NAT  mode, expand  Advanced   settings and hit the  Port Forwarding  button. Click the  +  icon to add a new port forwarding rule in VirtualBox network settings of the VM.

VirtualBox network settings – configuring port forwarding for the NAT mode

An SSH server listens the 22-nd TCP port by default. Let’s create a rule that allows you to forward all connections to the VirtualBox host machine on port 8022 to the Ubuntu VM on port 22 that is listened by SSH server. First, you can create a rule that allows for connections only from the VirtualBox host.

The view of the port forwarding rules window in the VirtualBox GUI is shown on the screenshot below.

VirtualBox network settings – the SSH port forwarding rule is created

Open an SSH client (for example, PuTTY if you use Windows) on your VirtualBox host and connect to 127.0.0.1 on port 8022.

Other hosts in your physical network will be able to access the Ubuntu VM via SSH by connecting to the VirtualBox host machine on port 8022 if you create a similar port forwarding rule where the real IP address of your physical network adapter of the VirtualBox host will be defined instead of the localhost IP address (127.0.0.1). In this example, the IP address of the physical NIC on the VirtualBox host is 10.10.10.72.

Open an SSH client on your VirtualBox host or on another host attached to your LAN and connect to your VirtualBox host IP on port 8022.

Example 2 – HTTP access

If you want to deploy a web server on your VM and provide access to your web sites from outside, you can add another port forwarding rule. Let’s consider how to configure that port forwarding rule for accessing a web site deployed on an Ubuntu VM from a VirtualBox host machine and other machines connected to the physical local area network (LAN). Apache is used as a web server in this example.

First, install Apache on the Ubuntu VM running on VirtualBox.

apt-get install apache2

The ufw firewall is disabled in Ubuntu by default. If a firewall is enabled on your Ubuntu VM, make sure that access to the TCP 80 port is enabled.

After installing Apache, open a web browser on your Ubuntu VM and access the default Apache page by entering http://127.0.0.1 in the address bar. If everything is OK, you will see the Apache2 Ubuntu default page in your web browser.

This means that now you can configure a port forwarding rule in VirtualBox network settings for accessing your web site hosted on the Ubuntu VM. Open the Port Forwarding settings window by going to VM settings > Network > [select your adapter] > Port Forwarding (similarly as explained above). You can add a new rule by doing the following:

Open a web browser on your host machine or on any other machine connected to your physical network and enter the IP address of your VirtualBox host machine and port defined in the port forwarding rule created above:

http://10.10.10.72:8080

In the current example, 10.10.10.72 is the IP address of the VirtualBox host machine and 8080 is a TCP port listened on the VirtualBox host machine. A positive result of configuring port forwarding is shown on the screenshot below.

VirtualBox network settings – the HTTP port forwarding rule has been created successfully

You can also create similar rules for accessing a VM via RDP, FTP and other protocols.

Configuring port forwarding for VMs whose virtual network adapters work in the NAT Network mode functions similarly (see the section above where the NAT Network mode is explained for locating port forwarding settings for the NAT Network mode).

VirtualBox is a powerful virtualization solution that is flexible and provides a wide range of network settings. Each VM can use up to eight virtual network adapters, and each network adapter can be emulated as the appropriate model of real Intel and AMD network interface controllers (NICs). VirtualBox network adapter settings allow you to change the MAC address of each virtual NIC, plug or unplug the virtual network cable, and select the network mode. Setting the network mode for a virtual network adapter is one of the most interesting and important parts of VirtualBox network settings. There are six network modes, each of which can be utilized for different use cases. Port forwarding can be configured for external access to VMs whose network adapters operate in NAT or NAT Network modes.

NAKIVO for VMware vSphere Backup

NAKIVO for VMware vSphere Backup

Complete data protection for VMware vSphere VMs and instant recovery options. Secure backup targets onsite, offsite and in the cloud. Anti-ransomware features.

People also read

Picture

DeviceTests.com Logo

How To Set Static IP Address in VirtualBox Networking

Eric Buchanan

VirtualBox, an open-source virtualization software, allows you to create and manage virtual machines (VMs) on your physical machine. One of the key aspects of managing these VMs is networking. In this article, we’ll discuss how to set a static IP address in VirtualBox networking.

To set a static IP address in VirtualBox networking, you need to access the network settings of your virtual machine and modify the network connection to use a manual IP address configuration. Enter the desired static IP address, subnet mask, gateway address, and DNS server addresses, and save the changes. Restart the networking service or reboot the system for the changes to take effect.

Step 5: Save the Changes

Understanding virtualbox networking.

Before we delve into the process, it’s important to understand the basics of VirtualBox networking. VirtualBox provides various networking modes, such as NAT, Bridged Adapter, Internal Network, and Host-Only Adapter. Each mode has its own unique characteristics and use cases. However, for the purpose of this guide, we’ll focus on the Bridged Adapter mode, which allows your VM to appear as a separate device on your network.

Why Set a Static IP Address?

By default, VirtualBox assigns dynamic IP addresses to your VMs. While this is convenient, it can cause issues if you’re running services that require a consistent IP address, such as web servers or databases. By setting a static IP address, you ensure that the IP address remains constant, even after rebooting the VM.

Setting a Static IP Address

Now, let’s walk through the process of setting a static IP address on a VirtualBox VM. For this guide, we’ll assume you’re running an Ubuntu guest machine.

Step 1: Access Network Settings

First, open the network settings on your Ubuntu VM. You can do this by navigating to “Network Connections” in the Ubuntu GUI.

Step 2: Edit the Network Connection

Next, find the connection that corresponds to your network adapter. Click on “Edit” to modify its settings.

Step 3: Configure the IP Address

In the wired settings, change the connection type from “Automatic (DHCP)” to “Manual”. Then, click “Add” to create a new IP address configuration.

Step 4: Enter the IP Address Details

In the new configuration, enter your desired static IP address, subnet mask, and gateway address. If necessary, you can also specify DNS server addresses.

Finally, click “Save” to apply the new static IP address configuration. Your guest Ubuntu machine should now have a static IP address.

Troubleshooting

If you encounter any issues with saving the changes or enabling the static IP address, ensure that the “Save” button is enabled and that the DNS server addresses are correctly entered.

For different versions of Ubuntu or different network configurations, you may need to modify the network configuration files directly. Typically, these files are located at /etc/network/interfaces . In this file, you can specify the static IP address, subnet mask, gateway, and DNS server addresses.

Remember to restart the networking service or reboot the system for the changes to take effect.

Setting a static IP address in VirtualBox networking can be a straightforward process. By following these steps, you can ensure a consistent IP address for your VM, making it easier to manage and access your services. As always, remember to double-check your settings and test your configuration to ensure everything is working as expected. Happy networking!

VirtualBox is an open-source virtualization software that allows you to create and manage virtual machines on your physical machine.

A static IP address is a fixed IP address that does not change. It is useful for running services that require a consistent IP address, such as web servers or databases.

Setting a static IP address ensures that the IP address of your virtual machine remains constant, even after rebooting. This is useful for maintaining consistent network connections and running services that rely on a specific IP address.

The Bridged Adapter mode allows your virtual machine to appear as a separate device on your network. It uses the host’s physical network adapter to connect the virtual machine directly to the network.

Yes, you can set a static IP address in other VirtualBox networking modes as well. However, for this guide, we focus on the Bridged Adapter mode as it allows your virtual machine to be directly connected to the network.

In Ubuntu, you can access network settings by navigating to "Network Connections" in the Ubuntu GUI.

To modify the network connection settings in VirtualBox, you need to open the network settings of your virtual machine and edit the corresponding network connection.

If you encounter issues, ensure that the "Save" button is enabled and that the DNS server addresses are correctly entered. If necessary, you may need to modify the network configuration files directly.

The network configuration files in Ubuntu are typically located at /etc/network/interfaces . You can modify these files to specify the static IP address, subnet mask, gateway, and DNS server addresses.

Yes, after making changes to the network settings or configuration files, it is recommended to restart the networking service or reboot the system for the changes to take effect.

Related Posts

Person Holding A Mobile Phone And Credit Card

How To Change Cash App Back to Personal

Ubuntu 8

Fixing “Operation not permitted” error when pinging and connecting to the internet on Ubuntu

Ubuntu 21

How To Batch Remove Last 12 Characters of Filenames in Terminal

Ubuntu 19

How To Find Your Motherboard Model

Ubuntu 7

How To Use Grep for Two Different Lines

Ubuntu 21

Replace Multiple Lines with Single Word in File using Command Line: Sed, Awk, and Perl

About the author, eric buchanan, leave a comment cancel reply.

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Eric is a writer and editor for DeviceTests. His favorite subjects are the how-tos of everyday life: from programming apps to building a gaming computer.

Ubuntu 4

Should the /etc/sudoers File Only Have Read-Only Permissions?

Ubuntu 7

Effortlessly Setting Up Chinese Pinyin Input on Ubuntu 22.04

Ubuntu 1

Fixing "sda3_crypt: cryptsetup failed" error after upgrading to Ubuntu 22.04

Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 183 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Q&A for work

Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search.

How to configure static ip in Ubuntu running on virtual box?

I am using Ubuntu on VirtualBox in Dell Laptop and wanted to know how I can configure the static IP in Ubuntu so that I can browse internet on Ubuntu and also use putty .

I am using data card for internet.

Currently in /etc/network/interfaces the settings is as follows:

  • virtualbox-networking

Hans's user avatar

  • If host is connected to the internet, then why don't you just go into the VM settings and enable WIFI? –  horIzoN Mar 6, 2013 at 16:44
  • Ubuntu desktop or server? –  mikewhatever Mar 6, 2013 at 16:48
  • Do you want to browse the internet and use putty, or do you specifically want to have a static IP address? Your question seems to suffer from the XY-problem . –  zwets Mar 6, 2013 at 19:22

3 Answers 3

Find your actual network configuration by typing

You should see something similar to

Edit the networking config file by typing

Inside it find the line

and change it to

The actual change may need to be modified to something more specific for you. IE if you're routers IP is 10.0.0.1 then your gateway and dns-nameservers would need to be configured accordingly. I set the address to 192.168.1.115 because the odds of you getting enough connections to reach that IP and have any conflict from DHCP are slim to none. Let me know if this works for you. Good luck.

--Also. Your network adapter should be bridged.--

kosinix's user avatar

The easiest method is through network manager:

1- From the top of the screen select the network icon, next to the clock and volume, then click Edit Connections .

2- From the window that opens, go to Wired tab, select your connection (there should be only one connection, if you didn't touch anything). Then click Edit .

3- From the IPv4 Settings tab change Method from Automatic (DHCP) to Manual .

4- Under Addresses feild, click on Add .

5- Enter your desired IP address and subnet mask and click Save , you can also enter an optional DNS server here.

Soroosh129's user avatar

  • 1 Though this will get the OP a static IP address on the guest, it is unlikely to fulfill his/her wish "to browse the internet and use putty". If OP has left the configuration of the VM Network Adapter at the default (NAT), it is more likely that s/he will have no internet connectivity at all. –  zwets Mar 6, 2013 at 19:20
  • yes I see, let me fix that. –  Soroosh129 Mar 6, 2013 at 19:26
  • @zwets aha, you have an answer, so I'll wait to see your comment on me editing the post. –  Soroosh129 Mar 6, 2013 at 19:28
  • To have bidirectional communication between host OS, guest OSs and other machines in your LAN, I changed network adapter to "Bridged Adapter" for each guest OS using VM Virtual Box Manager. In more details: open Oracle VM Virtual Box Manager, select guest VM (OS) on the left side, click top menu item "Settings", click "Network" on the left side menu from the displayed screen, select tab "Adapter1", change value of field "Attached to:" to "Bridged Adapter" and finally click button "OK". –  mvsagar Jan 10, 2017 at 3:05

If you want to connect your Ubuntu VM to the internet, there is no need to pick a static IP address. Assuming the host has an internet connection, and you have created a default ( NAT ) network adapter for your virtual machine, then just stick to DHCP in Ubuntu . It will get an IP address from the host and the host will do the NAT-ting to the internet.

If you insist on having a static IP address for the guest, then configure the virtual network adapter for bridged networking and allocate it to a network card on the host.

zwets's user avatar

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for browse other questions tagged internet virtualbox-networking ..

  • The Overflow Blog
  • The creator of PyTorch Lightning on the AI hype cycle
  • Exploring the inclusive tech revolution sponsored post
  • Featured on Meta
  • Site maintenance - Saturday, February 24th, 2024, 14:00 - 22:00 UTC (9 AM - 5...
  • Upcoming privacy updates: removal of the Activity data section and Google...

Hot Network Questions

  • What effect do caves have on music played in them?
  • Is the expression/concept 君子 pervasive in the Japanese language?
  • Why does \mathrm give an error?
  • Geometry nodes, select faces that are connected to the selected edges
  • Why are the bottoms of spaceplanes black?
  • Is Principle of Least Action a first principle?
  • C Julia Python Maxima Mathematica ChatGPT and numerical errors
  • p-values from CIs?
  • A short story from the 1960s where Martian (?) authorities wear purple togas
  • Performance Rating not doing justice to what I did
  • How to speed up Outer[Subtract, vect1,vect2]?
  • Could the Democrats (almost) unilaterally remove the Republican House Speaker?
  • Is my PCB design good or really bad?
  • Is 龘 a contender for "character with the most strokes"?
  • Example of a point that is not the limit of any sequence in a connected topological space
  • Advent of Code 2023 day 1: Trebuchet (Part 1)
  • Claim in article about why insects are attracted to light
  • Can I reseal a pipe thread that's leaking?
  • awk: sort by first column then second; output unique 1st column once but all 2nd column
  • Why is the regularization term multiplied by the error term in the cost function of SVM?
  • Nations' names for themselves with foreign etymologies
  • Did VMS ever acquire filesystem cross-links?
  • Does it make sense to process List<InputVariables> in InvocableMethod?
  • What did corporations use for long-distance networks in the 1980s?

how to change ip address virtualbox

  • Skip to content
  • Accessibility Policy
  • Oracle blogs
  • Lorem ipsum dolor
  • VirtualBox ,

Oracle VM VirtualBox: Networking options and how-to manage them

how to change ip address virtualbox

Networking in VirtualBox is extremely powerful, but can also be a bit daunting, so here's a quick overview of the different ways you can setup networking in VirtualBox, with a few pointers as to which configurations should be used and when.

Oracle VM VirtualBox 5.1 allows you to configure up to 8 virtual NICs (Network Interface Controllers) for each guest vm (although only 4 are exposed in the GUI) and for each of these NICs you can configure:

  • PCnet-PCI II (Am79C970A)
  • PCnet-Fast III (Am79C973)
  • Intel PRO/1000 MT Desktop (82540EM)
  • Intel PRO/1000 T Server (82543GC)
  • Intel PRO/1000 MT Server (82545EM)
  • Paravirtualized network adapter (virtio-net)

Network Address Translation (NAT)

  • Bridged networking
  • Internal networking
  • Host-only networking
  • NAT with Port-forwarding

The choice of NIC-type comes down to whether the guest has drivers for that NIC.  VirtualBox, suggests a NIC based on the guest OS-type that you specify during creation of the vm, and you rarely need to modify this.

But the choice of networking mode depends on how you want to use your vm (client or server) and whether you want other machines on your network to see it. So let's look at each mode in a bit more detail...

This is the default mode for new vm's and works great in most situations when the Guest is a "client" type of vm. (i.e. most network connections are outbound). Here's how it works:

NAT Networking

When the guest OS boots,  it typically uses DHCP to get an IP address. VirtualBox will field this DHCP request and tell the guest OS its assigned IP address and the gateway address for routing outbound connections. In this mode, every vm is assigned the same IP address (10.0.2.15) because each vm thinks they are on their own isolated network. And when they send their traffic via the gateway (10.0.2.2) VirtualBox rewrites the packets to make them appear as though they originated from the Host, rather than the Guest (running inside the Host).

This means that the Guest will work even as the Host moves from network to network (e.g. laptop moving between locations), and from wireless to wired connections too.

However, how does another computer initiate a connection into a Guest?  e.g. connecting to a web server running in the Guest. This is not (normally) possible using NAT mode as there is no route into the Guest OS. So for vm's running servers we need a different networking mode....

NAT Networking characteristics:

  • Guests sit on own private LAN
  • VirtualBox acts as a DHCP Server
  • VirtualBox NAT engine translates addresses
  • Destination servers see traffic originating from VirtualBox host
  • No configuration needed on Host or Guest
  • Great when guests are clients
  • Not good for guests as servers

Bridged Networking

Bridged Networking is used when you want your vm to be a full network citizen, i.e. to be an equal to your host machine on the network; in this mode, a virtual NIC is "bridged" to a physical NIC on your host.

The effect of this is that each VM has access to the physical network in the same way as your host. It can access any service on the network such as external DHCP services, name lookup services, and routing information just as the host does. Logically, the network looks like this:

Bridging to wired LAN

The downside of this mode is that if you run many vm's you can quickly run out of IP addresses or your network administrator gets fed up with you asking for statically assigned IP addresses. Secondly, if your host has multiple physical NICs (e.g. Wireless and Wired) you must reconfigure the bridge when your host jumps networks.

So what if you want to run servers in vm's but don't want to involve your network administrator? Maybe one of the next 2 modes is for you...or maybe a combination of more options, like one NAT vNIC + 1 Host-only vNIC.....

Bridged Networking characteristics:

  • VirtualBox bridges to Host Network
  • Good for clients or server guests
  • Consumes IP addresses
  • May involve configuration of guest
  • Best for production environments 

Internal Networking

When you configure one or more vm's to sit on an Internal network, VirtualBox ensures that all traffic on that network stays within the host and is only visible to vm's on that virtual network. Configuration looks like this:

Configuring Internal Networks

The internal network ( in this example "intnet" ) is a totally isolated network and so is very "quiet". This is good for testing when you need a separate, clean network, and you can create sophisticated internal networks with vm's that provide their own services to the internal network. (e.g. Active Directory, DHCP, etc). Note that not even the Host is a member of the internal network, but this mode allows vm's to function even when the Host is not connected to a network (e.g. on a plane).

Note that in this mode, VirtualBox provides no "convenience" services such as DHCP, so your machines must be statically configured or one of the vm's needs to provide a DHCP/Name service.

Multiple internal networks are possible and you can configure vm's to have multiple NICs to sit across internal and other network modes and thereby provide routes if needed.

But all this sounds tricky. What if you want an Internal Network that the host participates on with VirtualBox providing IP addresses to the Guests? Ah, then for this, you might want to consider Host-only Networking...

Internal Networking characteristic:

  • Guests can see other guests on same internal network
  • Host cannot see internal network
  • Network configuration needed
  • Functions even when Host disconnected
  • Can be used in conjunction with Bridged
  • Good for multi-tier solutions

Host-only Networking

Host-only Networking is like Internal Networking in that you indicate which network the Guest sits on, in this case, "vboxnet0":

All vm's sitting on this "vboxnet0" network will see each other, and additionally, the host can see these vm's too. However, other external machines cannot see Guests on this network, hence the name "Host-only".

Logically, the network looks like this:

Host-only networking

This looks very similar to Internal Networking but the host is now on "vboxnet0" and can provide DHCP services. To configure how a Host-only network behaves, look in the VirtualBox Manager...Preferences...Network dialog:

Configure Host-only Networks

Host-Only Networking characteristics:

  • VirtualBox creates a private internal network for guests and host
  • Host sees a new software NIC
  • VirtualBox provides a DHCP server
  • Guests cannot see outside world
  • Guests function even when host disconnected
  • Great for development

Port-Forwarding with NAT Networking

Now you may think that we've provided enough modes here to handle every eventuality but here's just one more...

What if you cart around a mobile-demo or dev environment on, say, a laptop and you have one or more vm's that you need  other  machines to connect into? And you are continually hopping onto different (customer?) networks.

In this scenario:

  • NAT - won't work because external machines need to connect in.
  • Bridged - possibly an option, but does your customer want you eating IP addresses and can your software cope with changing networks?
  • Internal - we need the vm(s) to be visible on the network, so this is no good.
  • Host-only - same problem as above, we want external machines to connect in to the vm's.

Enter Port-forwarding to save the day!

  • Configure your vm's to use NAT networking;
  • Add Port Forwarding rules;
  • External machines connect to "host":"port number" and connections are forwarded by VirtualBox to the guest:port number specified.

For example, if your vm runs a web server on port 80, you could set up rules like this: 

Port-forwarding

...which reads: "any connections on port 8080 on the Host will be forwarded onto this vm's port 80".

how to change ip address virtualbox

 This provides a mobile demo system which won't need re-configuring every time you connect your laptop to a different LAN/Network.

VirtualBox has a very powerful set of options allowing you to set up almost any configuration your heart desires.  For more information, check out the VirtualBox User Manual on  Virtual Networking .

Simon Coter

Director, oracle linux and virtualization product management.

A 19-year Oracle veteran, Simon Coter is an experienced product manager and open source community member. He leads a team responsible for several Oracle Linux and Virtualization offerings, including Oracle Linux, the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel for Oracle Linux, Oracle Cloud Native Environment, Oracle Linux KVM, Oracle Linux Virtualization Manager, Oracle Linux Automation Manager, Gluster, Oracle VM, and VirtualBox. Prior to this, Simon was a technical consultant focused on project management, architectures definition, sizing and implementation, best practices, and technical references for customers.

Previous Post

Oracle VM 3.4: Network installation of Oracle VM Server (pxe boot, tftpboot, kickstart)

Hands on backup utilities for oracle vm 3.4.

  • Analyst Reports
  • Cloud Economics
  • Corporate Responsibility
  • Diversity and Inclusion
  • Security Practices
  • What is Customer Service?
  • What is ERP?
  • What is Marketing Automation?
  • What is Procurement?
  • What is Talent Management?
  • What is VM?
  • Try Oracle Cloud Free Tier
  • Oracle Sustainability
  • Oracle COVID-19 Response
  • Oracle and SailGP
  • Oracle and Premier League
  • Oracle and Red Bull Racing Honda
  • US Sales 1.800.633.0738
  • How can we help?
  • Subscribe to Oracle Content
  • © 2024 Oracle
  • Privacy / Do Not Sell My Info

virtualbox.org

End user forums for VirtualBox

Skip to content

  • Board index General VirtualBox on Windows Hosts

Change IP on every clone

Post by acidburn » Tue Feb 05, 2019 10:57 pm

Re: Change IP on every clone

Post by BillG » Wed Feb 06, 2019 6:00 am

Post by acidburn » Wed Feb 06, 2019 7:45 am

Post by mpack » Wed Feb 06, 2019 9:26 am

Post by acidburn » Wed Feb 06, 2019 10:34 am

Post by mpack » Wed Feb 06, 2019 10:48 am

Post by mpack » Wed Feb 06, 2019 10:51 am

Post by acidburn » Wed Feb 06, 2019 10:57 am

Post by BillG » Wed Feb 06, 2019 11:10 am

Post by acidburn » Wed Feb 06, 2019 11:15 am

Post by Martin » Wed Feb 06, 2019 11:31 am

Post by acidburn » Wed Feb 06, 2019 11:34 am

Martin wrote: If you are using default NAT all VMs will have "the same" IP because each one has it's own different virtual network behind NAT.

Post by mpack » Wed Feb 06, 2019 11:50 am

acidburn wrote: Maybe you're don't understand and you accuse me of ignorance

Post by BillG » Wed Feb 06, 2019 10:14 pm

Post by jcunha » Thu Jan 02, 2020 9:41 pm

Return to “VirtualBox on Windows Hosts”

  • ↳   Howtos and Tutorials
  • ↳   Rules and FAQ
  • ↳   Generic Advice
  • ↳   Building VirtualBox
  • ↳   Windows Hosts
  • ↳   Linux Hosts
  • ↳   Other Hosts
  • ↳   Windows Guests
  • ↳   Linux Guests
  • ↳   Other Guests
  • ↳   Using VirtualBox
  • ↳   VirtualBox on Windows Hosts
  • ↳   VirtualBox on Windows pre-releases
  • ↳   VirtualBox on Linux Hosts
  • ↳   VirtualBox on Mac OS X Hosts
  • ↳   VirtualBox on Mac OS X pre-releases
  • ↳   VirtualBox on Solaris Hosts
  • ↳   VirtualBox on Other Hosts
  • ↳   Suggestions
  • ↳   Third Party Applications
  • Guest systems
  • ↳   Solaris Guests
  • ↳   Mac OS X Guests
  • Deutschsprachige Anwender
  • ↳   Allgemeine Diskussionen
  • VirtualBox Programming
  • ↳   The VirtualBox API
  • ↳   VirtualBox OSE
  • Special Purpose
  • Board index
  • All times are UTC

Powered by phpBB ® Forum Software © phpBB Limited

Privacy | Terms

DEV Community

DEV Community

Paula

Posted on Mar 27, 2023

How to configure a static IP address on CentOS 7 with VirtualBox

This article aims to explain how to configure a static IP address on a CentOS 7 virtual machine using VirtualBox.

We will go step by step, and at the end of this blog, you will be able to ssh into your virtual machine using a never-changing IP.

What is a static IP?

Every computer has a random local IP address unless you have specified the contrary. These addresses are not fixed. It means that they could change.

In most cases, you don’t care about the IP address, but you usually do with virtual machines.

If you have a MySQL service running on a virtual machine, you would want to save the connection configuration once and re-use it every time. If the IP address changes, you have to modify the connection settings.

Another approach is to use port-forwarding. This approach is okay until you have 3 or more virtual machines with multiple services and ports to keep track of.

The following image shows the ideal local development environment with static IP addresses.

Image description

Configure VirtualBox Networking

The app VirtualBox has some networking settings we have to set before changing the VM Linux configuration.

We want our VM to have the following:

  • Access to the internet
  • Access to our host computer

And we also want to be able to access the VM by IP.

Step 1: Stop the VM

You have to stop the VM before doing the following steps.

Step 2: Create Ethernet Adapter

Click on Tools - Networks and make sure you have an ethernet adapter created. Write down the IPv4 Prefix, because the static IP will be in this range.

Image description

In the image above:

  • The gateway is 192.168.56.1
  • The network mask is 255.255.255.0 (24 bits)

The static IP of my VM will be in the 192.168.56.xx range.

Step 3: Change adapters

Right-click on the virtual machine and choose the “Network” tab. We are going to add 2 adapters:

  • The first one is going to be a NAT. This way the VM will have internet access.
  • The second one has to be a “Host-only Adapter” with the ethernet adapter of the previous step. This is the adapter that will have the static IP assigned.

Image description

Configure VM Centos 7

Now that we have configured the VirtualBox networking, we will configure the inner VM networking settings.

Step 1: Start the VM

Double-click on the VM or right-click and start.

Step 2: Get the connection name

We know the static IP will be assigned to the second adapter, the Host-only Adapter.

Let’s check the vm networking using ip addr | head -n 20 :

Image description

  • enp0s3: NAT Adapter
  • enp0s8: Host-Only Adapter

Now we know we have to assign an IP to the enp0s8 device. To get its connection name, you have to execute the following statement:

nmcli -p device

Image description

The connection name is “Ethernet connection 1”.

Step 3: Configure connection IP

There are two ways of doing it:

  • Graphically with nmtui
  • With bash statements and nmcli

In our case, we will execute some statements in the console.

If we execute ip addr | head -n 20 again, we will see the previous IP address.

Image description

Step 4: Reboot

The last step is to reboot the VM

Test the connection

Now we can connect to the VM using the command ssh [email protected]

Top comments (0)

pic

Templates let you quickly answer FAQs or store snippets for re-use.

Are you sure you want to hide this comment? It will become hidden in your post, but will still be visible via the comment's permalink .

Hide child comments as well

For further actions, you may consider blocking this person and/or reporting abuse

fahimulkabir profile image

Building a News Search App: JavaScript API Project

Fahimul Kabir Chowdhury - Feb 2

afif profile image

Stop using obsolete methods to create CSS Triangles! ⚠️

Temani Afif - Feb 13

endeo profile image

Ripple Co-Founder Chris Larsen Hacked For $112 Million

Paul Osadchuk - Feb 2

marileon profile image

Non-Null Assertions: The Forbidden Typescript Operator

Omari - Feb 2

Once suspended, pauladj will not be able to comment or publish posts until their suspension is removed.

Once unsuspended, pauladj will be able to comment and publish posts again.

Once unpublished, all posts by pauladj will become hidden and only accessible to themselves.

If pauladj is not suspended, they can still re-publish their posts from their dashboard.

Once unpublished, this post will become invisible to the public and only accessible to Paula.

They can still re-publish the post if they are not suspended.

Thanks for keeping DEV Community safe. Here is what you can do to flag pauladj:

pauladj consistently posts content that violates DEV Community's code of conduct because it is harassing, offensive or spammy.

Unflagging pauladj will restore default visibility to their posts.

DEV Community

We're a place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers.

Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 183 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Q&A for work

Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search.

Changing the default network VirtualBox assigns to VMs attached to NAT

By default, VirtualBox assigns a 10.0.2.0/24 address to a VM attached to NAT. Is it possible to change NAT to a different network?

This is not a duplicate question. I know it is possible to define a separate "NAT network" and assign it, but that is not what I want to do. I want to change the default network for the NAT, but I see no way to do that.

  • virtual-machine

Ben's user avatar

2 Answers 2

The Virtualbox manual has a section describing how to adjust the default NAT interface behavior , Fine-tuning the VirtualBox NAT engine . You can alter the IP address range and submask, change the behavior of the DNS resolver, and other things.

The actual changes are made through the VBoxManage command (in other words, there's no GUI). For example, to change the IP address range for the network, you'd run something like this while the guest isn't running:

Kenster's user avatar

  • 4 The OP asked to change it for all of VirtualBox, and not just a particular VM. modifyvm subcommand fails to meet the criteria because it only changes it for a particular VM. –  jww Jun 19, 2015 at 23:19

For those finding this later, the manual now includes a section on modifying a Nat network.

You can easily modify an existing VirtualBox Nat Network using the modify subcommand . For example, if you would like to modify your network so the network address is 192.168.0.0/24.

hashes4merkle's user avatar

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for browse other questions tagged networking virtualbox virtual-machine nat ..

  • The Overflow Blog
  • The creator of PyTorch Lightning on the AI hype cycle
  • Exploring the inclusive tech revolution sponsored post
  • Featured on Meta
  • Site maintenance - Saturday, February 24th, 2024, 14:00 - 22:00 UTC (9 AM - 5...
  • Upcoming privacy updates: removal of the Activity data section and Google...

Hot Network Questions

  • awk: sort by first column then second; output unique 1st column once but all 2nd column
  • Is Principle of Least Action a first principle?
  • Does it make sense to process List<InputVariables> in InvocableMethod?
  • Dimensions of railway station lifts in Germany
  • Racecar Maniac #2
  • HR is contacting me months after being terminated
  • Missing Coefficients in Linear Regression with Multiple Categorical Variables in R
  • Could a deadly fire start within a spacesuit?
  • Find three non equivalent metrics on an infinite set.
  • Why are the bottoms of spaceplanes black?
  • A complicated sorting problem
  • Pre-biased NPN BJT slow turn-off
  • Motivation and physical interpretation of the Laplace transform
  • Can I reseal a pipe thread that's leaking?
  • Stop scrolling to the bottom automatically in PuTTY
  • What is the origin of the "No Symbol"?
  • Is Intentional Bankruptcy Illegal?
  • Why was Vicki Fowler briefly given an American accent?
  • How should I reconcile the concept of "no means no" when I tease my 5-year-old during tickle play?
  • Soviet (Eastern bloc) aircraft innovations?
  • Term for Foreign Speakers of a language using the prepositions etc. of their mother tongue
  • Coloring the line in ListLinePlot according to a rule
  • In the U.S. academia, why do many institutes never send rejection letters for postdoc positions (to save the hassling of inquiries from applicants)?
  • TikZ in XeLaTeX vs. LaTeX

how to change ip address virtualbox

How to find the IP address of a Guest in VirtualBox?

VirtualBox is one of the popular ways to run multiple virtual machines on a single hardware system running with either Windows, Linux, or MacOS. There are no limitations on how many guest operating systems we can run using Virtualbox, as long as our physical machine allows, it can be one or 100. However, if you want to connect the Guest VMs to perform any network setup or troubleshoot connectivity issues, it becomes important to know the IP address of a guest machine. Here in this article, we learn the two ways to retrieve the IP address of a running guest virtual machine in VirtualBox .

Note : Before using any of the given methods, ensure the Guest OS is up and running in the VirtualBox.

#1st Method

By directly accessing the Guest OS UI

The simplest way to know the IP address of your running Guest OS in VirtualBox is by manually opening and running the appropriate command or checking its network settings. This method works the same way as we check the IP address in an OS running on any physical machine.

So, go to VirtualBox, select Guest OS, and open it to get the GUI or command line interface.

On Windows Guest OS:

Those who are running a Windows virtual machine on VirtualBox , need to follow these steps to directly find the IP address.

  • If you want to use the graphical user interface to find the IP address then go to the Windows Start menu search for – Control Panel and open it.
  • In the Control panel, select “ Network and Internet “.
  • Under View your Active Networks, click the Connection name and then Details . Here, you’ll find the IPv4 address.

check Windows guest IP address

Alternatively , Windows 10 or 11 users can press the “ Win key + I” keys to open Settings and there select the “ Network and Internet ” Tab given on the left side of the window.

Open Wi-Fi settings or Ethernet Settings to reveal the IP address and other network details…

Ethernet revealing address Windows 11

On Linux Distros

If your VirtualBox Guest OS is Linux then just like Windows, go to the VirtualBox interface and open the running Linux OS such as Ubuntu or any other to access its User interface.

However, the Linux GUI users need to open the Terminal app from the Application area whereas the CLI Linux users can directly move to the next step.

After having the Terminal access execute the given command and it will give you the IP address of the running Linux Guest virtual machine.

#2nd Method

Find IP-address using VBoxManage Command without opening the Guest OS

VBoxManage is the command line tool that is available on all host operating systems where the VirtualBox has been installed. So, using it we can run the command directly from the host command terminal inside the VirtualBox running Guests, including a command to find the IP address.

Note : Make sure, the IP address of the guest OS you want to find without opening VirtualBox Interface must be active and running.

# 1st way: The common command to check the Ip-address of existing VirtualBox:

The given command syntax can be used for any existing Windows or Linux Guest OS:

Just Change the “Guest VM” with actual Virtual Machine name that

command to check the Ip address of existing VirtualBox

# 2nd command: That can be use to get the Ipaddress:

The second command given below with VBoxManage can be used to execute any command inside the Guest virtual machine by using its logging details. Hence, not only the IPaddress but even can be used to execute scripts…

For Windows running guest

If your guest in VirtualBox is running with any Windows OS version then go to your host operating system and open the command prompt or terminal.

Once you have the command line, we need to follow the given command syntax:

Replace “ VM_NAME ” with the name of your virtual machine along with the username and password of that to log in using the command line and run the command to find the IP address.

For Windows hosts, the above command will be like this:

First switch to the VirtualBox installation directory:

Example: Let’s say we have a Linux Guest VM on VirtualBox named “ Debian 12 ” with username – “ vboxuser and password ‘ d ‘. Inside the Guest VM we want to run a command “ /bin/ip a ” to find the IP address:

find virtualBox VM ipaddress using command

Similarly for Windows running Guest VMs:

Note: Don’t forget to change the VM name, Username , and password.

VBOXManage command to find Windows IP address

For macOS or Linux host:

The commands we discussed above will be the same for Linux and even macOS . However, you don’t need to switch to the VirtualBox installation directory as we did in the Windows host case.

  • VM_Name- Repalce with the Guest VM name that IP address you want
  • Command – Replace with the command you want to execute in the Guest VM
  • Username – Use the exact username of the Guest OS
  • Password – Enter the password to log in using the username.

How to list all the VirtualBox Guest VMs using the VBoxManage command

If you don’t want to open the VirtualBox manually to learn how many virtual machines have been created, then we can use the VBoxManager command tool to list them all along with their UUID right in our Terminal or Command prompt. Here is the syntax to use:

command to list VirtualBox aa guest virtual machines

Other Articles:

  • Installing VirtualBox on Debian 12 Bookworm
  • How-to: Unattended Ubuntu server or desktop installation in Virtualbox
  • How to install Ubuntu 22.04 Server on VirtualBox
  • 6 Best Linux Distros to Try on VirtualBox Virtual machine

How to Install Cockpit-Podman for Container Management on Linux

How to Install Cockpit-Podman for Container Management on Linux

What is the difference between OpenVZ and Docker?

What is the difference between OpenVZ and Docker?

6 Top Free Tier Ubuntu Cloud Server Options & Limitations

6 Top Free Tier Ubuntu Cloud Server Options & Limitations

What to Look for in an Affordable Ubuntu VPS Provider

What to Look for in an Affordable Ubuntu VPS Provider

7 Best Linux Server Distributions for Virtualization

7 Best Linux Server Distributions for Virtualization

Understanding set -e in Bash Scripting: What does it mean?

Understanding set -e in Bash Scripting: What does it mean?

Leave a Comment Cancel reply

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed .

  • Quick Start Guide
  • Getting Started
  • What is Penetration Testing?
  • Keyboard Shortcuts
  • Submitting a Request for Enhancement
  • Rapid7's End of Life Policy
  • System Requirements

Metasploitable 2

  • Metasploitable 2 Exploitability Guide
  • Discovery Scan
  • Importing Project Sonar
  • Vulnerability Scanning with Nexpose
  • Tracking Real-Time Statistics and Events
  • Validating a Vulnerability
  • Working with the Vulnerability Validation Wizard
  • Validating Vulnerabilities Discovered by Nexpose
  • Sharing Validation Results with Nexpose
  • Using Exploits
  • Skipping Fragile Devices
  • Working with Payloads
  • The Payload Generator
  • About Post-Exploitation
  • Manage Meterpreter and Shell Sessions
  • Meterpreter getsystem
  • Understanding Credentials
  • Managing Credentials
  • Reusing Credentials
  • Searching Credentials
  • Understanding Bruteforce Findings
  • About Social Engineering
  • Create a New Campaign
  • Create a Custom Campaign
  • Managing Campaigns
  • Review Your Findings
  • Managing Target Lists
  • Uploading Custom SSL Certificates
  • Modifying the SSL Cipher for Web Servers
  • Best Practices for Social Engineering
  • About Task Chains
  • Create a Task Chain
  • Managing and Editing Task Chains
  • Scheduling Task Chains
  • Resource Scripts
  • Activity Report
  • Audit Report
  • Collected Evidence Report
  • Compromised and Vulnerable Hosts Report
  • Credentials Report
  • FISMA Compliance Report
  • PCI Compliance Report
  • Social Engineering Campaign Details Report
  • Services Report
  • Customizing Standard Reports
  • Working with Custom Templates
  • Credentials Domino MetaModule Report
  • Known Credentials Intrusion Report
  • Single Password Testing MetaModule Report
  • SSH Key Testing MetaModule Report
  • Pass the Hash Report
  • Accessing Logs
  • Rotating Logs
  • Exporting Logs
  • Find Recently Changed Logs
  • Understanding the Credentials Domino MetaModule Findings
  • Single Credential Testing MetaModule
  • SSH Key Testing MetaModule
  • Known Credentials Intrusion MetaModule
  • Segmentation and Firewall Testing MetaModule
  • Passing the Hash Tutorial
  • Testing a Single Credential Tutorial
  • Credentials Tutorial
  • Using the Metasploit Web Interface
  • The Projects Page
  • The Analysis Page
  • The Sessions Page
  • The Campaign Page
  • The Modules Page
  • The Tasks Page
  • The Administration Page
  • Creating and Managing Projects
  • Exporting Project Data
  • Team Collaboration
  • Managing Hosts
  • Managing User Accounts
  • Managing License Keys
  • Verifying Downloads with SHA-1 Hashes
  • Backing Up and Restoring Metasploit Data
  • Notification Center
  • Updating Metasploit
  • Restarting Metasploit Services
  • Uninstalling Metasploit
  • Replacing the SSL Certificate
  • Set Up a Global SMTP Server
  • Reset Username and Password
  • About the Pro Console
  • Auto-Exploitation
  • Exporting and Importing Data
  • Managing the Database from the Pro Console
  • Managing Notes
  • Managing Tasks
  • Managing Vulnerabilities
  • Manual Exploitation
  • Managing Metasploit
  • Working with Projects
  • Pro Console Reports
  • Scanning and Managing Hosts
  • Unable to Connect
  • Does Pro include Framework as well?
  • How Are Logins Created?
  • Project Report Taking a Long Time
  • Exploit Has Been Running for a Long Time
  • Download fails at x% error
  • Anti-virus Interrupts Installation
  • Metasploit service can"t bind to port 3790
  • “Metasploit is initializing” error
  • Metasploit Pro Free Trial
  • Invalid Email/ Domain
  • Register Without Internet Connection
  • Activation Failed Error
  • Prohibited Countries
  • Set the lhost in Metasploit
  • Incremental Updates
  • Items Displaying Incorrectly After Update
  • Installation failed: Signature failure Error
  • Failed to Update
  • Support for 32-bit Operating Systems
  • Use Meterpreter Locally Without an Exploit
  • Issue Restarting on Windows Due to RangeError
  • Where Is the Activity Log?
  • Logs and Reports after Metasploit 4.9
  • Why Can"t I Add a New User?
  • No Database Connection
  • Automatically Connect the Database
  • Postgres Unable to Connect
  • Encoded Payloads Don"t Bypass Anti-virus
  • Getsystem Command
  • Frequently Asked Questions
  • Social Engineering Campaigns Report Image Broken
  • Social Engineering Campaign Not Working
  • Server Is Not Sending Emails
  • Social Engineering Campaign Taking a Long Time
  • Nexpose host is unreachable
  • Authentication required for API access
  • Nexpose Scan Blackout
  • Scans Are Not Importing
  • What Happens When a Credential Fails?
  • Bruteforce Attack Is Not Working
  • Metasploit Framework
  • Installing the Metasploit Framework
  • Managing the Database
  • Managing Workspaces
  • Running Metasploit Remotely
  • Tagging Hosts in msfconsole
  • Standard API Methods Reference
  • Pro General API
  • Pro License API
  • Pro Updates API
  • Pro Task API
  • Pro Feature API
  • Pro Import API
  • Pro Loot API
  • Pro Module API
  • REST API Endpoints
  • Sample Usage of the RPC API
  • Metasploit release notes

A test environment provides a secure place to perform penetration testing and security research. For your test environment, you need a Metasploit instance that can access a vulnerable target. The following sections describe the requirements and instructions for setting up a vulnerable target.

Downloading and Setting Up Metasploitable 2

The easiest way to get a target machine is to use Metasploitable 2, which is an intentionally vulnerable Ubuntu Linux virtual machine that is designed for testing common vulnerabilities. This virtual machine (VM) is compatible with VMWare, VirtualBox, and other common virtualization platforms.

Metasploitable 2 is available at:

  • https://information.rapid7.com/metasploitable-download.html
  • https://sourceforge.net/projects/metasploitable/

The compressed file is about 800 MB and can take a while to download over a slow connection. After you have downloaded the Metasploitable 2 file, you will need to unzip the file to see its contents.

Powering on Metasploitable 2

Once the VM is available on your desktop, open the device, and run it with VMWare Player. Alternatively, you can also use VMWare Workstation or VMWare Server.

Logging in to Metasploitable 2

The login for Metasploitable 2 is msfadmin:msfadmin .

Identifying Metasploitable 2's IP Address

After you log in to Metasploitable 2, you can identify the IP address that has been assigned to the virtual machine. Just enter ifconfig at the prompt to see the details for the virtual machine.

The command will return the configuration for eth0. You'll need to take note of the inet address. This will be the address you'll use for testing purposes.

Help with Metasploitable 2

For more information on Metasploitable 2, check out this handy guide written by HD Moore .

Security.org

How To Change Your IP Address

E ven though you may be in cyberspace, you’re still in a specific, virtual location defined by your IP address. But for those who want to stay private, get around government restrictions, and the like, changing your IP address is a simple first step. In this article, we’ll tell you how to change your IP address, step-by-step, along with providing you with more information about the types of IP addresses, the pros and cons of changing them, and more. Get your invisibility cloak ready because we’re about to go private or as private as you can be online.

See the exact steps to changing your IP address on an iPhone, Android, Mac and Windows computer. Also, learn why you would want to change your IP address in the first place.

» Do You Know: How to find the IP address on your iPhone

Pro Tip: Changing your IP address can help you get around website restrictions and censorship, but some apps and services use GPS location. If you’re having trouble changing your GPS location, read our Surfshark review . You’ll appreciate its GPS override feature.

What Is An IP Address?

Of course, some people may not be totally clear on what an IP address actually is; no shame here! An IP address, which standards for an internet protocol address, is a device’s identifying number associated with a specific computer or network of computers. Basically, IP addresses let computers send and receive information, but they can also be used to track the physical locations of users, 4 a nightmare for those concerned with privacy. And according to our VPN usage research , that accounts for 40 percent of VPN-users.

» How To: Get a US IP Address

Types of IP Addresses

Not all IP addresses are created equal! Rather, they can be divided into a few different categories, some of which have certain advantages over others.

  • Public : Each and every internet-connected device has a public IP address, distributed by the Internet Service Providers vis-à-vis the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. What, you haven’t heard of ICANN? Nevertheless, these public IP addresses are searchable on the web, which is why we can find our printer simply by Googling its IP address .
  • Private/ local : In contrast to public IP addresses, private IP addresses aren’t searchable on the web. Rather, they’re numbers that routers assign the devices on their networks so that they can communicate with each other.
  • Dynamic : Dynamic IP addresses, as we mentioned before, are any type of IP address that change every time you connect, usually through a VPN. This makes users hard to track online, as their literal address keeps changing.
  • Static : Static means that the IP addresses do not change. With VPNs, static IP addresses are usually shared with thousands of users in order to obscure their identities. However, some websites block these shared IP addresses, which necessitates users getting dedicated IP addresses. What a convenient transition!
  • Dedicated : Dedicated IP addresses are assigned to only one user rather than being shared by several. They usually cost a different fee on top of the regular VPN subscription.
  • IPv4 : Internet Protocol version 4 is used by 99 percent of networks, but since it can only store 4.3 billion addresses, it’s being replaced by IPv6, which we’ll get to in a second. Unlike IPv6, IPv4 addresses are four one bite numbers separated by dots like 555.555.1.1.
  • IPv6 : While they’re only used by less than 1 percent of networks, IPv6 has its advantages over IPv4, namely that it can provide an infinite number of addresses. It also allows for larger payloads and is compatible with a greater number of mobile networks. Although they’re starting small, eventually, IPv6 will replace IPv4. 5

» Further Reading: Dynamic vs Static IP Address

Where To Find Your IP Address

Feeling lost in the sauce? Finding your IP address isn’t that complicated, even if you’re not a tech expert like us.

Your private information

My ip address.

20.237.210.148

Unprotected

My IP Information

Internet provider:

MICROSOFT-CORP-MSN-AS-BLOCK

Region/ State:

Hide my IP address

View IP Details

Browser name:

Browser version:

Device brand:

Device type:

Postal code:

Where to Find Your IP Address on Mac

  • Enter your Mac’s System Settings.
  • Select Network.
  • Select your Wi-Fi network.
  • Click Details…
  • You’ll see your IP internal address listed.

Where to Find Your IP Address on Windows

  • Enter your TaskBar.
  • Click on Settings.
  • Select your network.
  • Click Wi-Fi Properties.
  • Look under IPv4 Address.

Where to Find Your IP Address on Android

  • Enter your phone’s Settings.
  • Click About.
  • Click Status.
  • Look at the IP Address.

Where to Find Your IP Address on iOS

  • Click Settings.
  • Click Wi-Fi.
  • Click on the “i” button next to Network.

Pros and Cons of Changing Addresses

Of course, there’s always the debate of whether or not to change your IP address in the first place. While the angel on your shoulder tells you it’s a great way to increase your privacy and access other country’s servers, the devil tells you that it could be costly, that some websites won’t work and that your ISP will still be able to see your address. There’s truth to both of these sides, so we recommend making your decisions on a case-by-case basis. That being said, we broke down the main reasons why you should and shouldn’t change your IP address.

» How To: Get a UK IP Address

Why You Should Change Your IP Address

  • Avoid tracking : If you’ve ever searched for anything related to consumerism, then you probably already notice how your searches seem to follow you around the internet like you owe them money. This sort of tracking is made possible by cookies, which some antivirus software can disable.
  • Bypass government restrictions : Governments like China greatly restrict internet usage in their country, so if you want to bypass firewalls, changing your IP address is a must.
  • Access international servers : Maybe you simply want to see what’s on Netflix Canada from your apartment in California. By changing your IP address to a Canadian one, you can trick the streaming giant into showing you a whole lot of new content.
FYI: Not all VPNs are compatible with Netflix. To find one that’s right for you, read our review of the best VPNs for Netflix .
  • Gain privacy : Maybe you’re an activist, a journalist, or anyone else handling sensitive information, or maybe you just don’t want your Internet Service Provider to track your every move. If that’s the case, changing your IP address is a step in the right direction in terms of privacy.
  • Increase security : Most people think nothing of joining public Wi-Fi networks (and depending on your settings, this may even happen automatically). However, using public Wi-Fi opens up a slew of security risks, with hacking at the forefront. But by hiding your real IP address, you greatly lower your risk of hackings .

Why You Shouldn’t Change Your IP Address

  • Some websites won’t work : Some websites, like the aforementioned Netflix, won’t work with certain VPNs or proxies. So while they may be able to bypass government restrictions, that doesn’t stop individual websites from blocking certain IP addresses.
  • Not always legal : Depending on where you are, VPNs may not be legal ; they’re banned in China, Belarus, Iran and a few other countries, so keep that in mind before you connect.
  • May slow down connection : Any added encryption will slow down your browsing speeds, although the exact slowdowns will differ from service to service. Still, if you’re performing tasks that require a lot of bandwidth like streaming video or video chatting, you might experience some frustrating lag.
  • VPN may log data : Again, depending on the service, your VPN company may be logging the very information you want to hide, like your IP address and web traffic. Our advice? Always read the VPN’s privacy policy, which we cover in our individual VPN reviews, and talk about it extensively on our best no-logging VPNs page.
  • Could cost money : Not all VPNs are free (except of course, the ones that are; check out the best free VPNs to see what we’re talking about). Still, free VPNs typically have limits on time, data, or servers, so if you want full coverage, you might have to pony up some dough.
  • ISP’s will still be able to see IP : Even with a new IP address, your Internet Service Provider will be able to see it, so you’re never truly “private” when you’re online.

» Learn more: All about ISP Throttling

Overall, we’re of the faith that changing your IP address is a necessity at times, and we love that there’s more than one way to do it. We hope we answered all of your questions about changing your IP address, but if we didn’t, read on.

NordVPN App

IMAGES

  1. How to Configure Network Between Guest VM and Host in Oracle VirtualBox

    how to change ip address virtualbox

  2. How to config IP Address and Change File Permission

    how to change ip address virtualbox

  3. Virtualbox

    how to change ip address virtualbox

  4. How To Set Static IP To VirtualBox VM

    how to change ip address virtualbox

  5. Konfigurasi IP Address di VirtualBox

    how to change ip address virtualbox

  6. How To Set Static IP To VirtualBox VM

    how to change ip address virtualbox

VIDEO

  1. Automatically change IP address in every 10 second

  2. How to change IP address on M7310DW via WI-FI connection

  3. How to change IP address on Windows 10 PC (and Windows 7)

  4. Konfiguracja protokołu TCP/IP

  5. How to Change IP Address or Assign a Static IP Address on Windows 7, 8.1, 10, 11 #ipaddress #pcs

  6. How to Fix change ip address windows 10

COMMENTS

  1. How To Set Static IP To VirtualBox VM

    The first thing you do is going to Machine->Settings and click on Network then set the settings as below: Change: Attached to -> Bridge Adapter Promiscuous Mode -> Allow All Check Cable Connected. Then click OK. Wait for up to 1 minute for the VM to apply the changes. When you type Shell 1 1 ip a

  2. VirtualBox Network Settings: All You Need to Know

    VirtualBox network adapter settings can be accessed in the virtual machine settings (select your VM, hit Settings and go to the Network section in the VM settings window). There you should see four adapter tabs. One virtual network adapter is enabled by default after virtual machine creation.

  3. How To Set Static IP Address in VirtualBox Networking

    Step 3: Configure the IP Address. In the wired settings, change the connection type from "Automatic (DHCP)" to "Manual". Then, click "Add" to create a new IP address configuration. Step 4: Enter the IP Address Details. In the new configuration, enter your desired static IP address, subnet mask, and gateway address.

  4. networking

    If you click "Bridged Adapter Mode" and it doesn't have any choices (i.e.the only option is "Not Selected"), then you can simply go to "Network Connections" on your host machine, right-click on the network, click "properties", then "Install", then "Service", then "Add", then Install "VirtualBox Bridged Networking Driver".

  5. Network Configuration in VirtualBox

    Network Modes For network configuration, VirtualBox 4.* provides the following network modes: [2] "Not attached" mode (not connected) Network Address Translation (NAT) Bridged networking (network bridge) Internal networking (internal network) Host-only networking (Host-only adapter) Generic networking "Not attached" mode

  6. Assign IP address to a virtual machine using virtualbox

    Open VirtualBox, go to Preferences (Windows it's under File, Mac under the application name), and go to the Network tab. You should already be on the NAT Network tab. Click the button with the + to create the network. If you want to rename it, hit the screwdriver icon.

  7. How to configure static ip in Ubuntu running on virtual box?

    The easiest method is through network manager: 1- From the top of the screen select the network icon, next to the clock and volume, then click Edit Connections.. 2- From the window that opens, go to Wired tab, select your connection (there should be only one connection, if you didn't touch anything). Then click Edit.. 3- From the IPv4 Settings tab change Method from Automatic (DHCP) to Manual.

  8. Oracle VM VirtualBox: Networking options and how-to manage them

    When the guest OS boots, it typically uses DHCP to get an IP address. VirtualBox will field this DHCP request and tell the guest OS its assigned IP address and the gateway address for routing outbound connections. In this mode, every vm is assigned the same IP address (10.0.2.15) because each vm thinks they are on their own isolated network.

  9. virtualbox

    1 I am using Windows 7 as the host. And xp as guest. I've already check out this site: http://forums.virtualbox.org/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=17232 But the info is not complete. What do I need to set here, so that the guest would have another IP Address but can still connect to the internet.

  10. How to Set Different Ip's to Virtual machine in Vbox

    How to Set Different Ip's to Virtual machine in Vbox LaGran (Tech Hill) 118 subscribers Subscribe Subscribed 467 Share 69K views 7 years ago When we clone a VM in Vbox,we get same Ip...

  11. How do I set permanent IP for my VirtualBox using Bridge adapter?

    2 Answers Sorted by: 5 I had the same problem (VirtualBox 4.1.10, Host Ubuntu 11.10, Guest Ubuntu 11.10). Here's how I fixed it: Set two network interfaces for the VM. The first one should be NAT and the second should be Host-Only. If you can't add a host-only connection, make sure you've set one up in Preferences -> Network.

  12. set different IP address for Vms in bridge mode in Virtualbox

    1 Answer Sorted by: 0 If you clone a VM, you get an exact copy. So all IP settings will be copied as well. You will need to edit the network settings in the clones and assign new IP addresses. If you are using DHCP, assigning a new (unique) MAC address to the network interface of each virtual machine will help. Share Improve this answer Follow

  13. VirtualBox

    How to Set Static IP Address in Linux CentOS/RHEL Virtual Machine in VirtualBoxIP Address keeps changing for the Virtual Machine Linux CentOS. This becomes a...

  14. Change IP on every clone

    Primary OS: MS Windows 10 VBox Version: PUEL Guest OSses: Windows 10,7 and earlier Location: Sydney, Australia Re: Change IP on every clone by BillG » 6. Feb 2019, 07:00 You have to change the MAC address first. If they have the same MAC address (which clones do) they are effectively identical and cannot have different IP addresses. Bill acidburn

  15. How to configure a static IP address on CentOS 7 with VirtualBox

    Step 3: Change adapters. Right-click on the virtual machine and choose the "Network" tab. We are going to add 2 adapters: The first one is going to be a NAT. This way the VM will have internet access. The second one has to be a "Host-only Adapter" with the ethernet adapter of the previous step. This is the adapter that will have the ...

  16. networking

    2 Answers Sorted by: 5 The Virtualbox manual has a section describing how to adjust the default NAT interface behavior, Fine-tuning the VirtualBox NAT engine. You can alter the IP address range and submask, change the behavior of the DNS resolver, and other things.

  17. how to change ip address on virtualbox : r/OracleVMVirtualBox

    After selecting the networking mode, click on the 'Advanced' dropdown and choose the adapter type compatible with your virtual machine's operating system. Next, click on the 'MAC Address' dropdown to generate a new MAC address to avoid conflicts on the network. Now, proceed to configure the IP address settings and create a new port forwarding rule.

  18. How to find the IP address of a Guest in VirtualBox?

    #2nd Method . Find IP-address using VBoxManage Command without opening the Guest OS. VBoxManage is the command line tool that is available on all host operating systems where the VirtualBox has been installed.So, using it we can run the command directly from the host command terminal inside the VirtualBox running Guests, including a command to find the IP address.

  19. Metasploitable 2

    After you log in to Metasploitable 2, you can identify the IP address that has been assigned to the virtual machine. Just enter ifconfig at the prompt to see the details for the virtual machine. 1. msfadmin@metasploitable:~$ ifconfig. The command will return the configuration for eth0. You'll need to take note of the inet address.

  20. How To Change Your IP Address

    ISP's will still be able to see IP: Even with a new IP address, your Internet Service Provider will be able to see it, so you're never truly "private" when you're online. » Learn more ...