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Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana
This paper presents the analysis of misunderstanding occurred in conversations which is caused different misinterpretation of speech act between the speaker and hearer that come from different cultures. Misunderstanding occurred in the conversation causes various emotional effect to the hearer, for example feeling happy, funny, embarrassed, sorry, or has self-assumption and impression of the speaker's utterance. The data are taken from Facebook chatting, then they are analyzed under the theories of pragmatics area, especially speech act theory of Austin (1955). Therefore, this paper will try to convey how the misinterpretation of speech act labels affects the participants in the conversation.
1992, Stellenbosch Papers in Linguistics
2010, Self, Language, and World: Problems from Kant, Sellars, and Rosenberg: In Memory of Jay F. Rosenberg
Toni Rietveld , Aoju Chen , x x
2004, Language and Speech
2019, Linguistic, Intuitions, Evidence, and Expertise
Linguistic intuitions are a central source of evidence across a variety of linguistic domains. They have also long been a source of controversy. This chapter aims to illuminate the etiology and evidential status of at least some linguistic intuitions by relating them to error signals of the sort posited by accounts of on-line monitoring of speech production and comprehension. The suggestion is framed as a novel reply to Michael Devitt’s claim that linguistic intuitions are theory-laden “central systems” responses, rather than endorsed outputs of a modularized language faculty (the “Voice of Competence”). Along the way, it is argued that linguistic intuitions may not constitute a natural kind with a common etiology; and that, for a range of cases, the process by which intuitions used in linguistics are generated amounts to little more than comprehension.
2012, Interdisciplinary Journal of Linguistics, Vol(5):195-224
In sociolinguistics and in society at large there are several phenomena and constructs like register, repertoire, argot, variety, dialect, style, diglossia ( or multiglossia), sociolect, accent, code switching, code mixing. These are part of a speech-society interactive relationship; they have no isolated existence other than that in which all these sociolinguistic phenomena and constructs mix up with one another, grow up and hence co-exist in an integrated setting. In every society, this sort of integration happens, but the degree to which those phenomena mix varies from one society to another, from one person to another and even within an individual from one situation to another. This article postulates that the organic co-existence of these phenomena (and constructs) happens everywhere in every utterance (and sometimes in writing), and that kind of mixture can be placed on a continuum on one side of which exists the most mixed case and on the other, the least mixed.
Ambiguity during communication, in which a linguistic or gestural sign has multiple meanings, is often considered to be a deterrent to successful communicative interactions. The resolution of ambiguity, therefore, has been a concern in linguistics and in communication studies. This paper critiques certain prevalent experimental paradigms, which have been the most popular approaches to investigate ambiguity resolution, and proposes an alternative methodology to understand and address this phenomenon.
2016, Speech Prosody 2016
Manuel Padilla Cruz
2007, P. Garcés-Conejos Blitvich, M. Padilla Cruz, R. Gómez Morón & L. Fernández Amaya (eds.), Studies in Intercultural, Cognitive and Social Pragmatics. New Castle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 114-131.
1991, Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
1984, Applied Linguistics
2003, Journal of Linguistic Anthropology
1986, Human studies
2018, The Pragmatic Use of Nuclear Tone in English By Native Vietnamese Speakers
D Terence Langendoen
This thesis presents a collection of studies on the perception of paralinguistic intonational meanings, which stem from three biological codes, the Frequency Code, the Effort Code and the Production Code. On the one hand, these studies shown that listeners ...
1982, Language & Communication
According to contextualists, communication has to do with pragmatically adjusted content, not with conventional meaning. This pragmatic content is sometimes identified with speaker meaning or with the thought the speaker intends to express. I will argue that given the sociolinguistic role of utterance content-the fact it provides reasons for action, liabilities and entitlements-locutionary content should not be modelled as a variety of speaker meaning.
2009, Language Learning
Linguistic intuitions are a central source of evidence across a variety of linguistic domains. They have also long been a source of controversy. This chapter aims to illuminate the etiology and evidential status of at least some linguistic intuitions by relating them to error signals of the sort posited by accounts of online monitoring of speech production and comprehension. The suggestion is framed as a novel reply to Michael Devitt’s claim that linguistic intuitions are theory-laden “central systems” responses rather than endorsed outputs of a modularized language faculty (the “Voice of Competence”). Along the way, it is argued that linguistic intuitions may not constitute a natural kind with a common etiology and that, for a range of cases, the process by which the intuitions used in linguistics are generated amounts to little more than comprehension.
2012, Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics
In the present text, some recent changes in the perspective taken by psycholinguists in the study of language and communication are discussed. T heir interests seem to gradually shift from the study of language processing as an isolated and independent phenomenon towards inclusion of more interactional factors being indispensable components of interpersonal communication and involved in the process of communicative alignment. A lignment is here understood as a complex phenomenon that goes beyond increasing similarity of mental representations and related communicative behaviour. It simultaneously occurs on many levels and in various modalities, including those traditionally excluded from language study. A s a consequence, it implies not only more flexibility in the study of interpersonal communication but it also means a shift in the psycholinguistic methodology and probably also in the widely accepted picture of language and its limits. Keywords: interactivity, alignment, entrainment, dialogue
1985, Tesol Quarterly
Arthur K Spears
1992, Journal of Linguistic Anthropology
1993, Mita Working Papers in Psycholinguistics
2014, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
This article attempts to lay the conceptual foundations of voice phenomena, ranging from the familiar active/passive contrast to the ergative/antipassive opposition, as well as voice functions of split case-marking in both transitive and intransitive constructions. We advance the claim that major voice phenomena have conceptual bases rooted in the human cognition of actions, which have evolutionary properties pertaining to their origin, development, and termination. The notion of transitivity is integral to the study of voice as evident from the fact that the so-called transitivity parameters identified by Hopper and Thompson (1980) and others are in the main concerned with these evolutionary properties of an action, and also from the fact that the phenomena dealt with in these studies are mostly voice phenomena. A number of claims made in past studies of voice and in some widely-received definitions of voice are shown to be false. In particular, voice oppositions are typically based on conceptual — as opposed to pragmati— meanings, may not alter argument alignment patterns, may not change verbal valency, and may not even trigger verbal marking. There are also voice oppositions more basic and wide-spread than the active/passive system, upon which popular definitions of voice are typically based.
María Marta García Negroni , Adriana Caldiz
2014, Journal of Politeness Research, 10(1)
Cédric Patin , Jean-marie Marandin
Laura Staum Casasanto
2010, University of Pennsylvania Working …
Vladan Sutanovac, Ph.D
The aim of this treatise is to set the foundation for a large-scale Ph.D study focused on inter-cultural and ethnopragmatic analysis of (apologetic) speech acts, the notion of context from an interdisciplinary perspective, and how these fit into the Bakhtin-Vygotskian theory of dialogic verbal communication. The main focus shall, therefore, be placed on the theoretical analysis of the above mentioned aspects in general, and cultural and contextual underpinnings of language formulas - speech acts, in particular. Given that the study itself will involve a semantic and pragmatic analysis of the aforementioned particular speech acts from three distinct cultures/languages - Serbian, Austrian German and Australian English, the rationale underlying their choice shall also constitute an important part of this treatise. In addition, due to the immense importance they have for the study itself, as sources of the empirical substance, the treatise will also include an account of and the rationale behind the linguistic tools to be used. More specifically, the enhanced version of the conventional DCT [Discourse Completion Test] method and the NSM [Natural Semantic Metalanguage] & cultural scripts framework. It is the author’s belief that an amalgam of the theoretical and the empirical, such as the one fostered by the study in question, can provide us with extremely valuable insights into the innards of the social and the cultural, and the impact they have on our natural language use and inn(out)er-workings of the mind.
2012, Research in Language
This paper addresses the influences of common ground, context and information structure on the linguistic production and interpretation processes with a special reference to counter-expectation in Thai. It presents, first of all, a fresh view on the operation of the particle lɛɛw45 as a marker of counter-expectation. It also indicates the association of the particle with focus and the influence of common ground and context, both of which control the use and interpretation of lɛɛw45 as well as the conversation flow. Moreover, the unaccounted additional impact of numeral scalarity on the production of a counter-expectation has been detected. The paper applies the Question Under Discussion (QUD) technique in order to account for these phenomena.