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Windows Server 2019 Enable computer and user accounts to be trusted for delegation user right must not be assigned to any groups or accounts on domain-joined member servers and standalone systems.
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User Rights Assignment
Applies To: Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows 8
This reference topic for the IT professional provides an overview and links to information about the User Rights Assignment security policy settings user rights that are available in the Windows operating system.
User rights govern the methods by which a user can log on to a system. User rights are applied at the local computer level, and they allow users to perform tasks on a computer or in a domain. User rights include logon rights and permissions. Logon rights control who is authorized to log on to a computer and how they can log on. User rights permissions control access to computer and domain resources, and they can override permissions that have been set on specific objects. User rights are managed in Group Policy under the User Rights Assignment item.
Each user right has a constant name and a Group Policy name associated with it. The constant names are used when referring to the user right in log events. You can configure the user rights assignment settings in the following location within the Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) under Computer Configuration\Windows Settings\Security Settings\Local Policies\User Rights Assignment , or on the local computer by using the Local Group Policy Editor (gpedit.msc).
For information about setting security policies, see How to Configure Security Policy Settings .
The following table links to each security policy setting and provides the constant name for each. Setting descriptions contain reference information, best practices for configuring the policy setting, default values, differences between operating system versions, and considerations for policy management and security.
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Built-in local security principals and groups
Center for internet security, local policies/user rights assignment.
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Security policy settings are sets of rules that control various aspects of protection. They include account policies, local policies, user rights assignment, the Windows firewall, software restrictions, and so on. There are several ways to configure security policy settings. The most common are:
- Group policy objects (GPO) – Used in Active Directory domains to configure and regularly reapply security settings to multiple computers.
- Local security policy (secpol.msc) – Used to configure a single (local) computer. Note that this is a one-time action. If another administrator changes these settings, you will need to manually change them back to the required state.
As most organizations use an Active Directory domain, it is preferred to apply security settings via group policies. You should have at least three security baselines created and linked in your domain, based on the following machine types:
- Domain Controllers (DC)
- Member Servers (MS)
- User Workstations
Configuring user rights assignment via Goup Policy
If you have multiple versions of operating systems (OS) running on these machines, you should create separate baselines for each OS version, as some settings might not be available. This also enables stricter configuration for older systems, as they are usually less secure.
It is a best practice to configure security policies using only built-in local security principals and groups, and add needed members to these entities. This gives you much better visibility and flexibility, as GPO provides more options to manage local group members, than to manage security policy members. For example, it's not possible to add a group whose name is generated using system variables (e.g., LAB\LocalAdmins_%COMPUTERNAME%) to a security policy; however, the group can be added to the Administrators group itself.
Security policies do not support generated group names
- Administrators – Members of this group have full, unrestricted access to the computer. Even if you remove some privileges from the Administrators group, a skilled administrator can still bypass those settings and gain control of the system. Only add highly trusted people to this group.
- Authenticated Users – A special security principal that applies to any session that was authenticated using some account, such as a local or domain account.
- Local account and member of Administrators group – A pseudogroup available since Windows Server 2012 R2. It applies to any local account in the Administrators group and is used to mitigate pass-the-hash attacks (lateral movement).
- Remote Desktop Users – Members of this group can access the computer via Remote Desktop services (RDP).
- Guests – By default, this group has no permissions. I don't think there is any need to use the Guest account and group today.
The Center for Internet Security (CIS) is a well-known non-profit organization that focuses on cybersecurity. To improve your knowledge of cybersecurity, you can access their free materials:
- CIS Controls – A set of 20 basic and advanced cybersecurity actions (controls). Using these, you can stop the most common attacks.
- CIS Benchmarks – Guidelines with specific configuration steps and detailed explanations. CIS Benchmarks are available for various products such as Windows Server, SQL Server, Apple iOS, and many more.
Both can be downloaded in exchange for your email address. There's no need to worry—there will be no further email, unless you choose to receive them.
Many companies and institutions create their security baselines based on CIS. I recommend you read CIS Controls. It really helped me to understand the importance of various security actions and settings.
CIS Benchmarks example
User rights assignments are settings applied to the local device. They allow users to perform various system tasks, such as local logon, remote logon, accessing the server from network, shutting down the server, and so on. In this section, I will explain the most important settings and how they should be configured.
For each setting, the following format is used:
Name of the setting: Recommended value, or values
Access Credential Manager as a trusted caller: No one (empty value)
Access to the Credential Manager is granted during Winlogon only to the user who is logging on. Saved user credentials might be compromised if someone else has this privilege.
Access this computer from the network: Administrators, Authenticated Users
Required for users to connect to the computer and its resources, such as an SMB share, shared printers, COM+, etc. If you remove this user right on the DC, no one will be able to log on to the domain.
Note : On DCs, you should also add the “ENTERPRISE DOMAIN CONTROLLERS“ group.
Allow log on locally: Administrators
The default configuration includes the Users group, which allows a standard user to log on to the server console. Limit this privilege only to administrators.
Allow log on through Remote Desktop Services: Administrators, Remote Desktop Users
It's common practice that some applications are used via RDP sessions by standard users. This privilege is also frequently required for remote assistance offered by an organization's helpdesk. If a server is running Remote Desktop Services with the Connection Broker role, the Authenticated Users group must also be added to this privilege.
Note: On the DC, it is recommended to allow only administrators to connect via RDP.
Back up files and directories: Administrators
This is a sensitive privilege that allows a user to bypass NTFS permissions (only via an NTFS API interface, such as NTBACKUP). A malicious user could backup and restore data on a different computer, thereby gaining access to it.
Deny access to this computer from the network/Deny log on through Terminal Services: Local account and member of Administrators group, Guests
The default value is only Guests. You should add the second group to prevent pass-the-hash attacks, so if a local elevated user is compromised, it cannot be used to elevate privileges on any other network resource, or access it via RDP.
Force shutdown from a remote system/Shut down the system: Administrators
Only administrators should be able to shut down any server, to prevent denial-of-service (DoS) attacks.
Manage auditing and security log: Administrators
This is a sensitive privilege, as anyone with these rights can erase important evidence of unauthorized activity.
Note: If you are running MS Exchange, the “Exchange Servers” group must be added to DCs.
Restore files and directories: Administrators
Attackers with this privilege can overwrite data, or even executable files used by legitimate administrators, with versions that include malicious code.
Take ownership of files or other objects: Administrators
User having this privilege can take control (ownership) of any object, such as a file or folder, and expose sensitive data.
Deny log on as a batch job/Deny log on as a service/Deny log on locally: Guests
To increase security, you should include the Guests group in these three settings.
Debug programs/Profile single process/Profile system performance: Administrators
This setting allows a user to attach a debugger to a system or process, thereby accessing critical, sensitive data. It can be used by attackers to collect information about running critical processes, or which users are logged on.
Change the system time: Administrators, Local Service
Changes in system time might lead to DoS issues, such as unavailability to authenticate to the domain. The Local Service role is required for the Windows Time service, VMware Tools service, and others to synchronize system time with the DC or ESXi host.
Create a token object: No one (empty value)
Users with the ability to create or modify access tokens can elevate any currently logged on account, including their own.
Impersonate a client after authentication: Administrators, Local Service, Network Service, Service
An attacker with this privilege can create a service, trick a client into connecting to that service, and then impersonate that account.
Note: For servers running Internet Information Services (IIS), the "IIS_IUSRS" account must also be added.
Load and unload device drivers: Administrators
Malicious code can be installed that pretends to be a device driver. Administrators should only install drivers with a valid signature.
I hope this article helped you to understand why it is important to define a security baseline for your systems. Many of the settings are already configured properly following server deployment; however, if they are not controlled by a GPO, they can be manipulated by malicious users. Be careful to whom you grant administrator permissions.
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Created a domain account to use as a service account and then tried to run powershell cmdlets against the active RDS management server.
Gave that account local admin access on the broker servers and then was able to get further.
Got the error “Access is denied” when trying to run the invoke-RDUserLogoff(with correct hostserver and unifiedsessionID values) to log off a session using that account.
Need to know what permissions should be granted to the account to provide ability to run this command and where like on the broker or the session host.
I can’t run the RD cmdlets on the RD broker to remove a user session without local administrator privileges on the broker and session host.
I need to know what user permissions are necessary to run these cmdlets as giving local admin is not desired.
Sir we are having user1 in server1. We want to collect logs of server1 from server2 using credentials of user1. Surprisingly even after entering the credentials of user1 in event viewer it is taking loggedin credentials of the user logged into server2.
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WinSecWiki > Security Settings > Local Policies > User Rights
User Rights Assignments
Although in this section they are called user rights, these authority assignments are more commonly called privileges.
Privileges are computer level actions that you can assign to users or groups. For the sake of maintainability you should only assign privileges to groups not to individual users. Each computer has its own user rights assignments. In particular this means you should be cognizant of rights assignments on member servers which may easily differ from the rights assignments you find on your domain controllers. To centrally control user rights assignments on computers throughout your domain use group policy.
- Logon rights
- Admin equivalent rights
- Tracking user rights with the security log
- User rights in-depth
- Access this computer from the network
- Act as part of the operating system
- Add workstations to domain
- Adjust memory quotas for a process
- Allow log on locally
- Allow logon through Terminal Services
- Back up files and directories
- Bypass traverse checking
- Change the system time
- Create a pagefile
- Create a token object
- Create global objects
- Create permanent shared objects
- Debug programs
- Deny access to this computer from the network
- Deny logon as a batch job
- Deny logon as a service
- Deny logon locally
- Deny logon through Terminal Services
- Enable computer and user accounts to be trusted for delegation
- Force shutdown from a remote system
- Generate security audits
- Impersonate a client after authentication
- Increase scheduling priority
- Load and unload device drivers
- Lock pages in memory
- Log on as a batch job
- Log on as a service
- Manage auditing and security log
- Modify firmware environment values
- Perform volume maintenance tasks
- Profile single process
- Profile system performance
- Remove computer from docking station
- Replace a process level token
- Restore files and directories
- Shut down the system
- Synchronize directory service data
- Take ownership of files and other objects
- Logon Rights
- Admin Equivalent Rights
- Tracking User Rights with the Security Log
- User Rights In-Depth
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Configuring permissions and groups (Windows Server)
You must complete these tasks to configure users and groups to access to IBM® InfoSphere® Information Server . This configuration is required only for the engine tier computer. This configuration is only applicable to the users of the operating system where the engine tier components are installed.
- Log in to Microsoft Windows Server as an administrator.
- Click Start > Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Computer Management .
- In the Computer Management window, expand System Tools > Local Users and Groups > Groups .
- Click Action > New Group .
- In the New Group window, type DataStage as the name for the group, click Create , and click Close .
- Click Start > Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Local Security Policy .
- In the Local Security Settings window, expand Local Policies > User Rights Assignment to display the policies.
- In the Local Security window, click the Allow log on Locally policy and click Actions > Properties .
- In the Allow log on Locally Properties window, click Add User or Group .
- In the Select Users or Groups window, click Locations , click the name of your local computer, and click OK .
- In the Select Users or Groups window, click Advanced and click Find Now .
- In the search results, select Authenticated Users and DataStage and click OK three times to save the results and to return to the Local Security window.
- In the Local Security window, click the Log on as a Batch Job policy and click Actions > Properties .
- In the Log on as a Batch Job window, click Add User or Group .
- In the Select Users or Groups window, click Advanced , and then click Find Now .
- In the search results, select DataStage and click OK three times to save the results and to return to the Local Security window.
- Close the Local Security Policy window.
- From the Computer Management window, click Groups .
- Click the name of the group that you want to add users to (DataStage).
- Click Action > Add to Group .
- In the User Properties window, click Add .
- In the Select Users or Groups window, click Location .
- Click the name of your local computer, and then click OK .
- In the Select Users window, click Advanced .
- In the window that opens, click Find Now .
- Click the names of users that you want to include in the group, and click OK . At a minimum, include all authenticated users.
- Click OK three times to return to the Computer Management window.
- Close the Computer Management window.
- C:\Program Files\MKS Toolkit\fifos
Complete the following steps for each of the listed folders.
- Select the folder and click File > Properties .
- In the Properties window, click the Security tab, and click Edit .
- In the Permissions window, click Add .
- In the Select Users or Groups window, click Locations .
- Click the name of the local computer, and click OK .
- In the Select Users or Groups window, click Advanced .
- Click the name of the group that you want to set permissions for (DataStage).
- Click OK twice.
- In the Permissions list, select to allow Modify, Read & execute, List folder contents, Read, and Write Permissions. Click OK .
- If you receive a message that asks you to confirm the changes, click Apply changes to this folder, subfolders and files .
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Windows Server 2019 Managing Users and Groups
A complete guide to managing users and groups in windows server 2019.
The robust operating system Windows Server 2019 is capable of efficiently managing users and groups. Any organisation must manage users and groups in Windows Server 2019 because it improves security and resource management.
This guide will cover effective user and group management in Windows Server 2019.
Establishing Users and Groups
Creating new users and groups is the first step in managing users and groups in Windows Server 2019.
Follow these steps to create a new user:
- Launch the "Local Users and Groups" section of the Server Manager console.
- From the context menu, click "Users" and choose "New User."
- Type the user's name, full name, description, and password in the "New User" dialogue box.
- To create a new user, click "Create."
The steps below should be followed to create a new group:
- From the context menu, click "Groups," then choose "New Group."
- Enter the group name, description, and group type in the "New Group" dialogue box.
- To create the new group, click "Create."
Taking care of Users and Groups
The next step is to manage new users and groups efficiently after they have been created.
Various tools are available in Windows Server 2019 to manage users and groups.
These tools consist of:
- Active Directory Users and Computers: This application is used for Active Directory user and group management.
- Local Users and Groups: On a local computer, users and groups are managed using this tool.
- PowerShell: PowerShell is an effective scripting language that can be used to manage users and groups.
Active Directory Users and Computers User Management
Follow these steps to manage users with Active Directory Users and Computers:
- Launch the console for Active Directory Users and Computers.
- Locate the container labelled "Users."
- Double-click the user whose account you wish to manage.
- You can change a number of attributes, including the user's name, description, password, and group membership, in the user's properties dialogue box.
- To save the changes, click "OK."
Using Active Directory Users and Computers for Group Management
The steps listed below can be used to manage groups with Active Directory Users and Computers:
- Select the "Groups" container from the list.
- Double-click the group that needs management.
- You can change a number of attributes, including the group's name, description, membership, and scope, in the group's properties dialogue box.
Using PowerShell for User and Group Management
An effective command-line interface for managing users and groups is offered by PowerShell.
Follow these steps to manage users and groups using PowerShell:
- Launch the PowerShell console.
- Use the "Get-ADUser" and "Set-ADUser" cmdlets to manage users.
- Use the "Get-ADGroup" and "Set-ADGroup" cmdlets to manage groups.
- Use the appropriate parameters to change different user and group attributes.
Managing Permissions for Users and Groups
Enhancing security and resource management requires managing user and group permissions.
Various tools are available in Windows Server 2019 to manage user and group permissions.
- File Explorer: File Explorer can be used to control folder and file permissions.
- Security Configuration Wizard: You can set up security settings on servers and applications using the Security Configuration Wizard.
- Group Policy: Group Policy allows users and groups to have their security settings customised.
File Explorer's User and Group Permissions Management
1. click "properties" by using the right-click menu on the file or folder you want to manage..
2. Select "Security" from the tabs.
3. To change the permissions, click the "Edit" button.
4. You can edit the permissions for users and groups in the "Permissions for [file or folder]" dialogue box by adding or removing them.
5. To save the changes, click "OK."
Utilizing Group Policy to Manage User and Group Permissions
The steps listed below can be used to manage user and group permissions using Group Policy:
- Launch the console for Group Policy Management.
- Make changes to an existing Group Policy Object (GPO) or create a new one.
- Select "Computer Configuration> Policies> Windows Settings> Security Settings> Local Policies> User Rights Assignment."
- Double-click the user right that needs to be changed.
- You have the option to add or remove users and groups in the user right properties dialogue box.
- Press "OK" to save the modifications.
In conclusion, optimising security and resource management in an organisation requires managing users and groups in Windows Server 2019.
In order to effectively manage users, groups, and resources, Windows Server 2019 offers a variety of features and tools.
Using tools like Active Directory Users and Computers, Local Users and Groups, and PowerShell, we covered how to create and manage users and groups in Windows Server 2019 in this guide.
We also covered the use of tools like File Explorer, Security Configuration Wizard, and Group Policy for managing user and group permissions.
You can effectively manage users and groups in Windows Server 2019 and improve resource management and security in your company by following the instructions provided in this guide.
- How do I define Windows Server 2019?
The robust operating system Windows Server 2019 is made for servers, and it offers many features and tools for efficiently managing users, groups, and resources.
- In Windows Server 2019, what role does managing users and groups play?
Enhancing security and resource management in an organisation requires managing users and groups in Windows Server 2019.
It aids in maintaining data integrity and limiting access to resources.
- What tools are available in Windows Server 2019 for managing users and groups?
Active Directory Users and Computers, Local Users and Groups, PowerShell, and other tools are available in Windows Server 2019 to manage users and groups.
- In Windows Server 2019, how do I manage user and group permissions?
In Windows Server 2019, tools like File Explorer, the Security Configuration Wizard, and Group Policy can be used to manage user and group permissions.
- What advantages does Windows Server 2019's management of user and group permissions offer?
In Windows Server 2019, managing user and group permissions improves resource management and security within an organisation. It aids in regulating resource access, preserving data integrity, and preventing unauthorised access.
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What are the defaults for the "user rights assignment" in an AD environment?
In a non-domain environment, gpedit.msc lets me associate various "user rights" (like "create a pagefile" or "create permanent shared objects") with users or accounts. This is in Computer Configuration | Windows Settings | Security Settings | Local Policies | User Rights Assignment.
Where exactly do I do this in AD? (Please don't just say e.g. "Group Policy Management Console". I've looked at all of the tools I can find, especially in GPMC, and I can't see it. I need either very explicit directions or screen snaps.
ADDED: Ok, I think I get it. You create a new GPO, click Edit, and this gets you to the Group Policy Management Editor where I find the familiar path. Then I link my new GPO to the domain or the OU or whatever where I want it to apply.
But I still have a question: none of the rights in the editor come pre-set to anything. Well, that makes sense because it's a brand new GPO. But is there any way to know what the defaults are, defaults that my new GPO will override? For example, what rights do members of the "Domain Admins" group get, by default?
- If the downvoter would like to explain the reason for the downvote, I'd love to read it. I've been looking for this answer for over an hour so "did not do any research" is not the case. – Jamie Hanrahan Oct 17, 2018 at 20:10
2 Answers 2
The defaults are documented in:
Group Policy Settings Reference Spreadsheet https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=56946
On the Security tab. Covers all versions of Windows. (I don't believe it has been updated for 1809 yet).
It depends on what you're asking.
If you're asking for User Rights Assignment on a single computer, look for Local Security Policy.
If you're asking for User Rights Assignment as a group policy, well, it shows up just fine in my console. Are you using RSAT (Remote Server Administration Tools)? I'm using the RSAT available for Windows 10. Older versions of RSAT (or the version on the domain controller) may be missing some options.
- Yeah... I finally realized (after asking the first form of the question) that you can only see them when you open the Editor. It's surprising to me though that the Default Domain Policy comes with everything "Not defined" and yet the defaults are certainly being applied. Thanks! – Jamie Hanrahan Oct 17, 2018 at 21:32
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