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Research Project – Definition, Writing Guide and Ideas

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Research Project

Research Project

Definition :

Research Project is a planned and systematic investigation into a specific area of interest or problem, with the goal of generating new knowledge, insights, or solutions. It typically involves identifying a research question or hypothesis, designing a study to test it, collecting and analyzing data, and drawing conclusions based on the findings.

Types of Research Project

Types of Research Projects are as follows:

Basic Research

This type of research focuses on advancing knowledge and understanding of a subject area or phenomenon, without any specific application or practical use in mind. The primary goal is to expand scientific or theoretical knowledge in a particular field.

Applied Research

Applied research is aimed at solving practical problems or addressing specific issues. This type of research seeks to develop solutions or improve existing products, services or processes.

Action Research

Action research is conducted by practitioners and aimed at solving specific problems or improving practices in a particular context. It involves collaboration between researchers and practitioners, and often involves iterative cycles of data collection and analysis, with the goal of improving practices.

Quantitative Research

This type of research uses numerical data to investigate relationships between variables or to test hypotheses. It typically involves large-scale data collection through surveys, experiments, or secondary data analysis.

Qualitative Research

Qualitative research focuses on understanding and interpreting phenomena from the perspective of the people involved. It involves collecting and analyzing data in the form of text, images, or other non-numerical forms.

Mixed Methods Research

Mixed methods research combines elements of both quantitative and qualitative research, using multiple data sources and methods to gain a more comprehensive understanding of a phenomenon.

Longitudinal Research

This type of research involves studying a group of individuals or phenomena over an extended period of time, often years or decades. It is useful for understanding changes and developments over time.

Case Study Research

Case study research involves in-depth investigation of a particular case or phenomenon, often within a specific context. It is useful for understanding complex phenomena in their real-life settings.

Participatory Research

Participatory research involves active involvement of the people or communities being studied in the research process. It emphasizes collaboration, empowerment, and the co-production of knowledge.

Research Project Methodology

Research Project Methodology refers to the process of conducting research in an organized and systematic manner to answer a specific research question or to test a hypothesis. A well-designed research project methodology ensures that the research is rigorous, valid, and reliable, and that the findings are meaningful and can be used to inform decision-making.

There are several steps involved in research project methodology, which are described below:

Define the Research Question

The first step in any research project is to clearly define the research question or problem. This involves identifying the purpose of the research, the scope of the research, and the key variables that will be studied.

Develop a Research Plan

Once the research question has been defined, the next step is to develop a research plan. This plan outlines the methodology that will be used to collect and analyze data, including the research design, sampling strategy, data collection methods, and data analysis techniques.

Collect Data

The data collection phase involves gathering information through various methods, such as surveys, interviews, observations, experiments, or secondary data analysis. The data collected should be relevant to the research question and should be of sufficient quantity and quality to enable meaningful analysis.

Analyze Data

Once the data has been collected, it is analyzed using appropriate statistical techniques or other methods. The analysis should be guided by the research question and should aim to identify patterns, trends, relationships, or other insights that can inform the research findings.

Interpret and Report Findings

The final step in the research project methodology is to interpret the findings and report them in a clear and concise manner. This involves summarizing the results, discussing their implications, and drawing conclusions that can be used to inform decision-making.

Research Project Writing Guide

Here are some guidelines to help you in writing a successful research project:

  • Choose a topic: Choose a topic that you are interested in and that is relevant to your field of study. It is important to choose a topic that is specific and focused enough to allow for in-depth research and analysis.
  • Conduct a literature review : Conduct a thorough review of the existing research on your topic. This will help you to identify gaps in the literature and to develop a research question or hypothesis.
  • Develop a research question or hypothesis : Based on your literature review, develop a clear research question or hypothesis that you will investigate in your study.
  • Design your study: Choose an appropriate research design and methodology to answer your research question or test your hypothesis. This may include choosing a sample, selecting measures or instruments, and determining data collection methods.
  • Collect data: Collect data using your chosen methods and instruments. Be sure to follow ethical guidelines and obtain informed consent from participants if necessary.
  • Analyze data: Analyze your data using appropriate statistical or qualitative methods. Be sure to clearly report your findings and provide interpretations based on your research question or hypothesis.
  • Discuss your findings : Discuss your findings in the context of the existing literature and your research question or hypothesis. Identify any limitations or implications of your study and suggest directions for future research.
  • Write your project: Write your research project in a clear and organized manner, following the appropriate format and style guidelines for your field of study. Be sure to include an introduction, literature review, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion.
  • Revise and edit: Revise and edit your project for clarity, coherence, and accuracy. Be sure to proofread for spelling, grammar, and formatting errors.
  • Cite your sources: Cite your sources accurately and appropriately using the appropriate citation style for your field of study.

Examples of Research Projects

Some Examples of Research Projects are as follows:

  • Investigating the effects of a new medication on patients with a particular disease or condition.
  • Exploring the impact of exercise on mental health and well-being.
  • Studying the effectiveness of a new teaching method in improving student learning outcomes.
  • Examining the impact of social media on political participation and engagement.
  • Investigating the efficacy of a new therapy for a specific mental health disorder.
  • Exploring the use of renewable energy sources in reducing carbon emissions and mitigating climate change.
  • Studying the effects of a new agricultural technique on crop yields and environmental sustainability.
  • Investigating the effectiveness of a new technology in improving business productivity and efficiency.
  • Examining the impact of a new public policy on social inequality and access to resources.
  • Exploring the factors that influence consumer behavior in a specific market.

Characteristics of Research Project

Here are some of the characteristics that are often associated with research projects:

  • Clear objective: A research project is designed to answer a specific question or solve a particular problem. The objective of the research should be clearly defined from the outset.
  • Systematic approach: A research project is typically carried out using a structured and systematic approach that involves careful planning, data collection, analysis, and interpretation.
  • Rigorous methodology: A research project should employ a rigorous methodology that is appropriate for the research question being investigated. This may involve the use of statistical analysis, surveys, experiments, or other methods.
  • Data collection : A research project involves collecting data from a variety of sources, including primary sources (such as surveys or experiments) and secondary sources (such as published literature or databases).
  • Analysis and interpretation : Once the data has been collected, it needs to be analyzed and interpreted. This involves using statistical techniques or other methods to identify patterns or relationships in the data.
  • Conclusion and implications : A research project should lead to a clear conclusion that answers the research question. It should also identify the implications of the findings for future research or practice.
  • Communication: The results of the research project should be communicated clearly and effectively, using appropriate language and visual aids, to a range of audiences, including peers, stakeholders, and the wider public.

Importance of Research Project

Research projects are an essential part of the process of generating new knowledge and advancing our understanding of various fields of study. Here are some of the key reasons why research projects are important:

  • Advancing knowledge : Research projects are designed to generate new knowledge and insights into particular topics or questions. This knowledge can be used to inform policies, practices, and decision-making processes across a range of fields.
  • Solving problems: Research projects can help to identify solutions to real-world problems by providing a better understanding of the causes and effects of particular issues.
  • Developing new technologies: Research projects can lead to the development of new technologies or products that can improve people’s lives or address societal challenges.
  • Improving health outcomes: Research projects can contribute to improving health outcomes by identifying new treatments, diagnostic tools, or preventive strategies.
  • Enhancing education: Research projects can enhance education by providing new insights into teaching and learning methods, curriculum development, and student learning outcomes.
  • Informing public policy : Research projects can inform public policy by providing evidence-based recommendations and guidance on issues related to health, education, environment, social justice, and other areas.
  • Enhancing professional development : Research projects can enhance the professional development of researchers by providing opportunities to develop new skills, collaborate with colleagues, and share knowledge with others.

Research Project Ideas

Following are some Research Project Ideas:

Field: Psychology

  • Investigating the impact of social support on coping strategies among individuals with chronic illnesses.
  • Exploring the relationship between childhood trauma and adult attachment styles.
  • Examining the effects of exercise on cognitive function and brain health in older adults.
  • Investigating the impact of sleep deprivation on decision making and risk-taking behavior.
  • Exploring the relationship between personality traits and leadership styles in the workplace.
  • Examining the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for treating anxiety disorders.
  • Investigating the relationship between social comparison and body dissatisfaction in young women.
  • Exploring the impact of parenting styles on children’s emotional regulation and behavior.
  • Investigating the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions for treating depression.
  • Examining the relationship between childhood adversity and later-life health outcomes.

Field: Economics

  • Analyzing the impact of trade agreements on economic growth in developing countries.
  • Examining the effects of tax policy on income distribution and poverty reduction.
  • Investigating the relationship between foreign aid and economic development in low-income countries.
  • Exploring the impact of globalization on labor markets and job displacement.
  • Analyzing the impact of minimum wage laws on employment and income levels.
  • Investigating the effectiveness of monetary policy in managing inflation and unemployment.
  • Examining the relationship between economic freedom and entrepreneurship.
  • Analyzing the impact of income inequality on social mobility and economic opportunity.
  • Investigating the role of education in economic development.
  • Examining the effectiveness of different healthcare financing systems in promoting health equity.

Field: Sociology

  • Investigating the impact of social media on political polarization and civic engagement.
  • Examining the effects of neighborhood characteristics on health outcomes.
  • Analyzing the impact of immigration policies on social integration and cultural diversity.
  • Investigating the relationship between social support and mental health outcomes in older adults.
  • Exploring the impact of income inequality on social cohesion and trust.
  • Analyzing the effects of gender and race discrimination on career advancement and pay equity.
  • Investigating the relationship between social networks and health behaviors.
  • Examining the effectiveness of community-based interventions for reducing crime and violence.
  • Analyzing the impact of social class on cultural consumption and taste.
  • Investigating the relationship between religious affiliation and social attitudes.

Field: Computer Science

  • Developing an algorithm for detecting fake news on social media.
  • Investigating the effectiveness of different machine learning algorithms for image recognition.
  • Developing a natural language processing tool for sentiment analysis of customer reviews.
  • Analyzing the security implications of blockchain technology for online transactions.
  • Investigating the effectiveness of different recommendation algorithms for personalized advertising.
  • Developing an artificial intelligence chatbot for mental health counseling.
  • Investigating the effectiveness of different algorithms for optimizing online advertising campaigns.
  • Developing a machine learning model for predicting consumer behavior in online marketplaces.
  • Analyzing the privacy implications of different data sharing policies for online platforms.
  • Investigating the effectiveness of different algorithms for predicting stock market trends.

Field: Education

  • Investigating the impact of teacher-student relationships on academic achievement.
  • Analyzing the effectiveness of different pedagogical approaches for promoting student engagement and motivation.
  • Examining the effects of school choice policies on academic achievement and social mobility.
  • Investigating the impact of technology on learning outcomes and academic achievement.
  • Analyzing the effects of school funding disparities on educational equity and achievement gaps.
  • Investigating the relationship between school climate and student mental health outcomes.
  • Examining the effectiveness of different teaching strategies for promoting critical thinking and problem-solving skills.
  • Investigating the impact of social-emotional learning programs on student behavior and academic achievement.
  • Analyzing the effects of standardized testing on student motivation and academic achievement.

Field: Environmental Science

  • Investigating the impact of climate change on species distribution and biodiversity.
  • Analyzing the effectiveness of different renewable energy technologies in reducing carbon emissions.
  • Examining the impact of air pollution on human health outcomes.
  • Investigating the relationship between urbanization and deforestation in developing countries.
  • Analyzing the effects of ocean acidification on marine ecosystems and biodiversity.
  • Investigating the impact of land use change on soil fertility and ecosystem services.
  • Analyzing the effectiveness of different conservation policies and programs for protecting endangered species and habitats.
  • Investigating the relationship between climate change and water resources in arid regions.
  • Examining the impact of plastic pollution on marine ecosystems and biodiversity.
  • Investigating the effects of different agricultural practices on soil health and nutrient cycling.

Field: Linguistics

  • Analyzing the impact of language diversity on social integration and cultural identity.
  • Investigating the relationship between language and cognition in bilingual individuals.
  • Examining the effects of language contact and language change on linguistic diversity.
  • Investigating the role of language in shaping cultural norms and values.
  • Analyzing the effectiveness of different language teaching methodologies for second language acquisition.
  • Investigating the relationship between language proficiency and academic achievement.
  • Examining the impact of language policy on language use and language attitudes.
  • Investigating the role of language in shaping gender and social identities.
  • Analyzing the effects of dialect contact on language variation and change.
  • Investigating the relationship between language and emotion expression.

Field: Political Science

  • Analyzing the impact of electoral systems on women’s political representation.
  • Investigating the relationship between political ideology and attitudes towards immigration.
  • Examining the effects of political polarization on democratic institutions and political stability.
  • Investigating the impact of social media on political participation and civic engagement.
  • Analyzing the effects of authoritarianism on human rights and civil liberties.
  • Investigating the relationship between public opinion and foreign policy decisions.
  • Examining the impact of international organizations on global governance and cooperation.
  • Investigating the effectiveness of different conflict resolution strategies in resolving ethnic and religious conflicts.
  • Analyzing the effects of corruption on economic development and political stability.
  • Investigating the role of international law in regulating global governance and human rights.

Field: Medicine

  • Investigating the impact of lifestyle factors on chronic disease risk and prevention.
  • Examining the effectiveness of different treatment approaches for mental health disorders.
  • Investigating the relationship between genetics and disease susceptibility.
  • Analyzing the effects of social determinants of health on health outcomes and health disparities.
  • Investigating the impact of different healthcare delivery models on patient outcomes and cost effectiveness.
  • Examining the effectiveness of different prevention and treatment strategies for infectious diseases.
  • Investigating the relationship between healthcare provider communication skills and patient satisfaction and outcomes.
  • Analyzing the effects of medical error and patient safety on healthcare quality and outcomes.
  • Investigating the impact of different pharmaceutical pricing policies on access to essential medicines.
  • Examining the effectiveness of different rehabilitation approaches for improving function and quality of life in individuals with disabilities.

Field: Anthropology

  • Analyzing the impact of colonialism on indigenous cultures and identities.
  • Investigating the relationship between cultural practices and health outcomes in different populations.
  • Examining the effects of globalization on cultural diversity and cultural exchange.
  • Investigating the role of language in cultural transmission and preservation.
  • Analyzing the effects of cultural contact on cultural change and adaptation.
  • Investigating the impact of different migration policies on immigrant integration and acculturation.
  • Examining the role of gender and sexuality in cultural norms and values.
  • Investigating the impact of cultural heritage preservation on tourism and economic development.
  • Analyzing the effects of cultural revitalization movements on indigenous communities.

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Introduction to Research

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  • Q 1 / 3 Score 0 What is defined as the creation of new knowledge and/or the use of existing knowledge in a new and creative way so as to generate new concepts, methodologies, and understanding? 29 Statement of the Problem Critique Paper Research Literature Review

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  • Q 1 What is defined as the creation of new knowledge and/or the use of existing knowledge in a new and creative way so as to generate new concepts, methodologies, and understanding? Statement of the Problem Critique Paper Research Literature Review 30 s
  • Q 2 What is defined as the "quest for truth, information, or knowledge through questioning"? Inquiry Research Experimentation Discovery 30 s
  • Q 3 All of the following are characterizations of research EXCEPT biased empirical controlled systematic 30 s

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Unlocking the potential of Project-Based Learning

Empower your students with project-based learning! Explore how it can transform your teaching experience and enhance student engagement.

what is a research project quizizz

What is Project-Based Learning All About?

Project-based learning (PBL) is a hands-on way of learning where students get the chance to explore real-life problems and challenges. Think of it as learning by doing — on steroids! With PBL, students can work on real problems through research, working together, and finding solutions that matter in the real world. So, the old days — when students just sat there and listened to their teachers go on and on — are long gone!

The superpowers of project-based learning

Why is PBL turning heads in educational circles? Because it equips students with the superhero gear they need for the real world. Here’s what PBL brings to the table:

These benefits help create a classroom environment where students are eager to learn and take on challenges, making education a thrilling adventure rather than a chore.

Quizizz: Your PBL power tool

How does Quizizz fit into this puzzle? It’s like the Swiss Army knife for PBL—versatile and handy. Here’s how:

Instant feedback

Quizizz gives students real-time insights into their understanding, allowing them to adjust their learning strategies promptly

what is a research project quizizz

Engagement through gamification

Everyone loves a good game, right? Quizizz’s gamified quizzes keep students interested and motivated

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Customizable content

Teachers can tailor quizzes and lessons to fit the project's needs, ensuring that the learning materials are just right for the project at hand

The Quizizz content library displaying a wide range of quizzes along with the option of hosting them live or as homework

By incorporating Quizizz, teachers can make PBL even more interactive and fun, and help students stay engaged and learn better.

Crafting a winning PBL plan

Ready to get started with PBL? Here’s how you can set the stage for a successful project:

Start with the end in mind: What do you want your students to achieve? Define clear, achievable goals

Map it out: Create a timeline and milestones. Break down the project into smaller parts so students can stay focused without feeling overwhelmed

Gather resources: What tools and information will your students need? Make sure they have access to these from the get-go

Assessment strategies:  Decide how you’ll track progress. Continuous feedback through tools like Quizizz and a final project presentation can be great ways to assess student learning

By stepping back and letting students take the reins, you can encourage them to make discoveries and learn from their experiences.

Why PBL could be your best move yet

Project-based learning isn’t just another educational trend — it’s a game changer in how teaching and learning happen. It makes learning relevant and exciting, helping students develop practical skills they will use long after they leave the classroom. By incorporating tools like Quizizz, you can enhance the PBL experience, making your classroom a vibrant community of learners excited to explore and grow.

Get Started with Project Based Learning

Let's Enhance the PBL Experience: Transform Your Classroom into a Vibrant Community of Excited Learners

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Gamification in Learning using Quizizz Application as Assessment Tools

Wiwin Handoko 1 , Eva Mizkat 2 , Auliana Nasution 3 , Hambali 1 and Juna Eska 1

Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd Journal of Physics: Conference Series , Volume 1783 , Annual Conference on Science and Technology Research (ACOSTER) 2020, 20-21 June 2020, Medan, Indonesia Citation Wiwin Handoko et al 2021 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1783 012111 DOI 10.1088/1742-6596/1783/1/012111

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1 Sekolah Tinggi Manajemen Informatika dan Komputer Royal, Indonesia

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3 Universitas Battuta, Indonesia

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Nowadays, Teaching and learning activities in the world of education must always follow the development of technology. The use of these technologies will make these activities more effective and efficient. Gamification is part of innovation in education. In this research, gamification is used as a tool for studying activities in project management information systems subject. The method used is technology-based applied research. The Assessment Tool in this study uses Quizizz. Quizizz is used on midterms. This exam was attended by 29 students of the information systems department STMIK Royal. The questionnaire was made using a Mentimeter. The use of Quizizz has a positive impact. The level of student answers questions correctly is 51%. Then 66% prefer Quizizz as assessment tool compared to paper and google forms.

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Introduction to Quizizz

  • February 16, 2023

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Quizizz is an interactive, gamified learning platform centered on building quizzes to assess student learning. In addition to traditional, multiple choice quiz types, Quizizz also offers a wide variety of customizable options to create quiz questions tailored to the assessment level, subject matter, or desired response types. Quizizz can be used to create interactive lessons, polls, surveys, and even memes that can be embedded into a quiz or lesson. These lessons and quizzes can be taken by students outside of class or shared live by instructors for in-class assessment. Instructors using Quizizz also have access to a large library of already made games, lessons, and quizzes across a variety of subjects and levels to use as a template for building a new quiz, or as a ready-made option. Additionally, Quizizz offers a built-in grading system for ease and generates data reports so instructors can see where students are engaging with materials, succeeding, and where they might need additional help.  

Homepage: https://quizizz.com  

Quizizz is an interactive quiz building platform designed to engage students on a deeper level than traditional quizzing. Use it live for in-class lessons or quizzes or assign to students to complete on their own time outside of class. Quizzes offers much of the same functionality and use as many other quizzing platforms, with the addition of interactive and gamified options. Students can interact with Quizizz individually or in teams right on their own devices. Here are some ideas about how to use Quizizz in your class:  

  • Have a check in poll or prompt to get your students warmed up for class  
  • Run live games during class to review concepts, check student knowledge, and make learning a friendly competition  
  • Create “exit tickets,” or quick questions students respond to before leaving class to gauge what information stuck with them from the day’s lesson  
  • Have students create their own quizzes to share with the class  
  • Vary your assessment types by allowing students to respond to questions with video, audio, sketches, and more  
  • Run friendly study competitions in or outside of class by separating students into teams seeking the highest score while still focusing on important concepts  
  • Use anonymous polls and surveys to gather student feedback throughout the term  

For more ideas about how to use Quizizz, check out this link !  

    Quizizz’s main functionality is creating quiz questions that can be engaged with in or outside of class.  

  • Use Quiz Editor or New Quizzes to create content within Quizizz. The New Quizzes editor offers a different user interface and allows for more types of content (like Google images and YouTube links) and question types (drag and drop, matching, etc.) to be added  
  • Multiple question formats are supported. For a full list of what types of questions you can create in Quizizz, check out this link.  
  • Live quizzes allow instructors to present a game or quiz during class, with students joining straight from their own devices using a shared code provided by the instructor. Live, updated leaderboards can be turned on or off depending on the quiz type.   
  • Quiz questions can be customized in many ways: timed or untimed, anonymous or not, responses limited to certain options (like drawing or video and audio responses) and more.   
  • Quizizz contains a library of publicly available quizzes, lessons, and games in a wide variety of subjects, levels, and question lengths. These quizzes can be used as is, or questions and slides can be taken individually to build a customized version.   

5 Star –      5/5

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  • Supports Screen Magnification and Color Contrast
  • Has an accessibility statement, contact support personnel, and a product team that can enhance accessibility

What is Quizizz? An Introduction video  

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This technology is not included with the University of Denver. Faculty, staff, and students may need to purchase a subscription. The technology may offer educational pricing with an “.edu” email address. Free trials or free accounts may also be available through the technology website.  

  • The University of Denver does not directly provide technical support. The Office of Teaching and Learning may consult on pedagogy.  
  • No support is available through the University of Denver. DU does not accept the liability for the use of this tool.  
  • Quizizz support: https://support.quizizz.com/hc/en-us 

  Goksun, & Gursoy, G. (2019). Comparing success and engagement in gamified learning experiences via Kahoot and Quizizz. Computers and Education, 135, 15–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2019.02.015  

    Handoko, Mizkat, E., Nasution, A., Hambali, & Eska, J. (2021). Gamification in Learning using Quizizz Application as Assessment Tools. Journal of Physics. Conference Series, 1783( 1), 12111–. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1783/1/012111  

what is a research project quizizz

OTL Technology Rating YELLOW technologies are not widely supported. DU may or may not have a 3rd party vendor security agreement for the use of these tools. However, some uses of this tool may be appropriate for teaching if certain conditions are met.

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What Is Quizizz and How to Use It with Your Students?

By Med Kharbach, PhD | Last Update: May 11, 2024


Quizizz is a game-based learning tool that you can use to engage students in deep and meaningful learning experiences. It allows you to create both teacher-paced and student-paced quizzes and lessons. Using Quizizz editor, you can easily design your own quizzes  embedding various types of questions (multiple choice, open ended, polls, fill in the blanks, etc.) and media (e.g., images, videos, voice clips, and audio recordings). 

Alternatively, you can use Quizizz library to search thousands of ready-made quizzes and lessons spanning several subjects and grades. You can adapt these quizzes to your teaching needs, edit them the way you want, import questions right into your quizzes and share them with your students.

Quizizz provides you with a powerful grading system that generates instantaneous performance reports providing you with a treasure trove of analytic data to use to prepare for remedial interventions and to help you in your lesson planning. With a single click you can share these reports with parents to keep them in the know of their kids learning progress.

The purpose of this post is to provide you with full tutorial together with resources to help you make the best of Quizizz in your instruction. For students, check out Quizizz students guide .

The main points covered in this tutorial include:

What is Quizizz?

How to use quizizz in the classroom.

  • How to create a Quiz in Quizizz?

How to share quizzes on Quizizz?

How to find quizzes and lessons in Quizizz library?

How to host a live quiz on quizizz, how to assign a quiz on quizizz.

  • How to create a class on Quizizz?
  • How to create memes in Quizizz?
  • How to create a collection on Quizizz?

Quizizz is a ‘gamified student engagement platform’ that allows you to create, edit, and share fun and interactive quizzes and lessons. As is the case with Quizalize , Kahoot , Quizlet , and Blooket , Quizizz lets you create your own classes, add students, and share game-based quizzes with them.

 You can either assign quizzes as homework in which case students take their time to work on them at their own pace or you can host live quizzes in class. As students take quizzes, you get access to ‘detailed class-level and student-level insights for every class’. 

There are several ways to use Quizizz in your classroom. Here are few suggestions:

  • Use it as a form of formative assessment. Create quizzes and games that test students knowledge of taught materials. Use the Reports feature to analyze the performance of each student and to plan individualized intervention. Insights provided by Reports can also help you identify areas where learning problems occur and design remedial work accordingly.
  • Invite other teachers to collaborate with you on creating shared quizzes and assignments.
  • Use polls to collect students feedback and engage them in decision making regarding issues pertaining to their day to day learning
  • Invite students to create quizzes and host them live for the whole class to play
  • Use quizzes for exit ticket activities to check students learning 
  • Use quizizz games in book review and in digital storytelling activities
  • Check students prior knowledge about the concepts you are going to teach
  • Use Quizizz to introduce new topics in fun, interactive, and engaging ways
  • Use quizzes as writing or discussion prompts 
  • Enhance multimodal learning by allowing students to answer assigned quizzes in the digital format they  like
  • Ask students to use Draw to sketch out visual illustrations of their answers.

How to create a Quiz on Quizizz?

There are two ways to create quizzes on Quizizz: You can either start a quiz from scratch or use a pre-made quiz from Quizizz library. Here is how to create a quiz from scratch:

  • Log in to your Quizizz account
  • Click on Create from the left side bar and select New Quiz
  • Type in a name for your quiz and select relevant subjects and click on Next
  • Use the Quiz Editor to write your questions. The supported formats include: multiple choice, fill-in-the-blank, open ended, draw, slide, and poll.
  • Select the question format of your choice and type in your questions.
  • Use  Equation Editor to add math equations. You can also add images to questions
  • Click on the audio icon if you want to create audio for the questions
  • Select alloted time for each question or for the whole quiz
  • Click on Topics and type in a topic for your quiz. This will allow you to get students performance Reports organized by topic.
  • When you are done, click on Save. Your quiz is now saved to your library.

To share quizzes you created or edited, follow these steps:

  • Log in to your Quizizz account
  • Click on My Library from the left pane
  • Select the quiz you want to share and click on Share
  • Type in email addresses
  • ‘Click on the ‘Can View’ and ‘Can Edit’ options next to the email address dialogue box. These options are applicable to all email addresses mentioned in the dialogue box.’
  • Enable public access link if required
  • Click on Share.

Quizizz library hosts thousands of ready-made quizzes and lessons created by other teachers and educators. These resources are arranged into various categories including: Ice-breakers and bell ringers, Mathematics, English and Language Arts, Social Studies, World Languages, Science, Computer Science Skills, and many more. You can also use the site’s search box to search for quizzes and lessons. Here is how to do it:

  • Click on Explore on the left pane
  • Browse through the featured categories or type in your query in the search box
  • Filter your search using Grade (Elementary to University), Subjects, Languages, Number of Questions, etc.
  • Hover your mouse over search results to view the content of quizzes and lessons
  • When you find the quiz or lesson you are interested in click on Play to start a live quiz, assign it as homework, or to preview it.

Quizzes you can host live are those you created yourself from scratch or those that are publicly available in Quizizz library. Here is the process:

1- Go to My library or Use Explore to search for a ready-made quiz. Click on the quiz you want to host live

2- Select Start a live quiz and choose a mode:

  Classic mode : ‘Students progress at their own pace and you see a leaderboard and live results’. There are three modes in Classic:

          A- Classic: students answer at their own pace and compete individually.

          B- Team: Students answer at their own pace but scores are grouped by team.

          C- Test: This is the standard testing mode and requires login.

  Instructor-paced mode: ‘Control the pace so everyone advances through each question together’.

3- Click on Continue and copy the generated join code to share with students

4- Students go to joinmyquiz.com and enter the code and their name to join the game. Teachers can also share the code directly to Google Classroom, Schoology, Canvas, Microsoft Teams, Twitter or via email.

Unlike live quizzes, assigned quizzes allow students to work on their assignment at their own pace. Quizzes you can assign are those you created from scratch or those that are publicly available in Quizizz library. When you find the quiz you want to assign to students click on Assign homework then set a deadline if you want. Edit the settings to your preference and click on Assign.

How to create a class on Quizizz

Creating classes on Quizizz allows you to easily share games and quizzes with your students. You can either create a class from scratch or import existing classes from Google Classroom, Schoology or Canvas. To create a class from scratch follow these steps:

  • Click on Classes from the left pane and select Create a class.
  • Type in a name for your class
  • Click on Create class
  • Grab the generated link or code and share it with students
  • Students visit quizizz.com/join/class, log in, and enter the class code.

How to create memes in Quizizz

Using memes to provide feedback to students is a great way to add an extra layer of interactivity and engagement to your quizzes and lessons. The process to create a meme on Quizizz is simple and easy:

  • Login to your Quizizz account
  • Click on More on the left pane and select Memes
  • Click on Create a new meme
  • Type in a name for your meme set and click on Done
  • Click on create a correct meme and upload an image
  • Add captions to your image and type in a name and click on Save.
  • Repeat the same process to create an incorrect meme.

How to create a collection on Quizizz

You can use Collections to save and organize your quizzes and lessons. To create a collection:

  • Click on More on the left pane and select Collections
  • Click on Create a collection
  • Type a name for your collection and choose whether you want to make it public or private
  • Click on Create collection

Is Quizizz free?

while both Quizizz basic plan and Super plan support Live Quizzes and homework, they differ in student capacity per lesson/assignment. Basic allows only 100 students per lesson/assignment  The Super plan allows 500 students per lesson/assignment and offers way more features.

Final thoughts

With its intuitive quiz creation interface, expansive library of ready-made resources, and in-depth analytics, Quizizz takes the pulse of student understanding and turns data into actionable insights. Whether you’re looking to engage in real-time classroom battles of wits, or assign reflective homework that students can chew on at their own pace, Quizizz is adaptable to the flow of your educational needs. The platform’s flexibility extends to collaborative efforts, inviting educators to share the helm in crafting quizzes, and empowering students to not only consume content but also to create it. The addition of memes for feedback and collections to organize content are just the cherries on top of this multifaceted educational sundae.

More sources:

  • Using Quizizz in the Classroom: 10 Inspirational Ideas from our Community
  • Assigning Quizzes directly to Google Classroom  
  • Grading quizzes via Canvas
  • Grading quizzes via Schoology
  • Adding students to a class
  • How Quizizz Protects Student Data, Privacy Principles, Read the Accessibility and Inclusion Statement

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What is Quizizz and How Can It Be Used for Teaching? Tips & Tricks

Quizizz makes quiz-based learning fun by adding gamification, making this a useful teaching tool


Quizizz might appear to be a quiz only creation tool, like several others out there, but it's actually so much more. This platform was built with educators and students as those intended to benefit from all its features and, as such, it's a fantastic tool to use in education.

Other similar options are out there, such as Quizlet and Kahoot ! , but these are quiz-only systems that may be too limited for some teachers. Quizizz takes the best of those and adds in the gamification, meme editing, and music picks to make this a more immersive experience for students.

Quizizz is already used by more than half the schools in the U.S. and in over 150 countries worldwide. This is thanks to a very intuitive system that looks great, in a minimalist way, and just makes quiz-based learning more fun.

So is Quizizz the ultimate quiz tool for your classroom?

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What is Quizizz?

Quizizz is primarily an online-based quiz tool that operates like a gameshow. That means a question-and-answer platform that works across browsers and Chrome as well as iPhone and Android devices, with dedicated apps for both.

From a student's perspective, this makes learning more fun with game-based interactions and an ability to work through a quiz using their own devices. For teachers, there is a host of pre-built quizzes to pick from as well as the option to edit and create their own from scratch.


Since students only need an access code, they don't need to sign-up for an account, making it super simple to access for everyone. In addition, their privacy and personal details can be kept be protected.

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For teachers, this platform offers a large database of quiz options, so it's a simple-to-use tool that doesn't require a lot of time and effort. But since these can be edited, this can also provide a more in-depth and personalized offering for students and classes.

How does Quizizz work?

For teachers, a sign-up is required to start using Quizizz. Basic details are required, and can be done using a school-based email address as well as a Google or Microsoft account. The particularly useful thing with this tool is that it offers some great integration across the likes of Edmodo , Google Classroom , and Remind .

Once an account is ready, teachers can access the database of quiz options, which can be searched and organized to make finding the ideal quiz a quick and easy process. You may discover that an already-created quiz can serve your purpose just fine. Or you may want to edit and make a few changes to perfect the final version. 


Creating a new quiz is also an option, with single and multi-select multiple choice answer options. Teachers can input questions and answers manually if that's the easiest way to work, but there are rich media options, too. Add images to questions, or as answer options, and also customize feedback for students. 

For example, you can incorporate a popular meme that students see based on the answer they give. While there are plenty to pick from, these can also be made by the teachers if desired.

What are the best Quizizz features?

The ability to take a quiz privately or as a class is a useful option. This allows teachers to assign individual quizzes suited to each student, or to work as a class, getting feedback on how the class is managing with a single subject across the group. The advantage of working in class is that everyone can see how their peers are doing. Equally, working solo can be ideal for those who prefer to be left alone, or for homework task setting.

Quizizz offers a leaderboard, but this is something that teachers can choose to turn off if the competitive nature of that doesn't serve the students. The same can be said for question timers, which may help motivate some students but could be seen as unnecessary pressure for others – so being able to turn this on and off is a nice touch.


Also editable are the meme feedback and music options. With these on, the quiz can feel like a lot of fun and be very lively, or you can turn these off for a more studious experience.

One option allows students to see their results after they take the quiz, which is a helpful way to make sure they learn from any mistakes they may have made. They can also retake the quiz as a way to gamify it, seeing how many they can get right the second time around.

Teachers can email parents through the app with a detailed report that shows how the student is performing. These results are also helpful for teachers to see how students are struggling so as to decide what to work on next.

How much does Quizizz cost?

Quizizz is free to get started but keeps its pricing structure quite hidden on its homepage, except in the case of work-based options.

While you can use the free option, there is a $10 per month plan that is billed annually at $96. This gets you access to the Quizizz Super library of quizzes and the ability to create unlimited quizzes and lessons. There is ad-free use with game themes, answer explanations, interactive videos, and more.


Quizizz best tips and tricks

Spend time on search It's important to spend time searching the database as more time here can result in a near-finished quiz, rather than the much longer process of making your own. Also the more you search, the better you become at using the platform.

Assess early Start a class, or even a term, using a quiz that will assess how students are grasping a task or subject area. This can help tune how you teach the subject both on a class and teacher-to-student level.

Use parents Send the results emails to parents and make sure students know that happens, perhaps monthly, so they can have another set of eyes on their efforts.

Luke Edwards is a freelance writer and editor with more than two decades of experience covering tech, science, and health. He writes for many publications covering health tech, software and apps, digital teaching tools, VPNs, TV, audio, smart home, antivirus, broadband, smartphones, cars and much more.

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The effectiveness of Quizizz learning media in strengthening numeric ability children

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Wiwik Hatoliya Syariatul Hidayah , Sri Slamet; The effectiveness of Quizizz learning media in strengthening numeric ability children. AIP Conf. Proc. 17 January 2024; 2926 (1): 020077. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0185085

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This research is motivated by the use of learning media which is one of the facilities and infrastructure to support school activities. With the use of appropriate learning media will be able to have an impact on children's learning outcomes. This research aims to determine the effectiveness of using Quizizz learning media in strengthening the numerical abilities of children aged 4-5 years. This type of research is quantitative research with the True Experimental method by conducting pre-test and post-test to measure the acquisition of the treatment (treatment) on the object of research. The samples taken in this study were children aged 4-5 years in TK A2 class in TK IA as many as 18 children. Retrieval of research data using validity tests and online questions. The data analysis technique used is the validity test for media and Quizizz materials and comparative statistics for online questions. The results of the validity test for media and materials in Quizizz show that Quizizz is valid and can be used as a learning medium in kindergarten. The result of comparative statistics is to test the hypothesis that there is a difference between two (or more) variables being studied in the implementation of online questions during the pre-test and post-test. The hypothesis states that there is a strengthening of the numerical ability of the research object after the use of Quizizz learning media. This can be seen from the results of the t test where t count > t table at a significant level of 5% (of 15.52).

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Berkeley Space Center at NASA Ames to become innovation hub for new aviation, space technology

UC Berkeley will develop a 36-acre site to house companies, labs and students in heart of Silicon Valley

By Robert Sanders

buildings and green space stretching into the distance

Field Operations and HOK

October 16, 2023

The University of California, Berkeley, is teaming up with NASA’s Ames Research Center and developer SKS Partners to create research space for companies interested in collaborating with UC Berkeley and NASA scientists and engineers to generate futuristic innovations in aviation, space exploration and how we live and work in space.

The  Berkeley Space Center , announced today (Monday, Oct. 16), aims to accommodate up to 1.4 million square feet of research space on 36 acres of land at NASA Ames’ Moffett Field in Mountain View, leased from NASA.

The new buildings, some of which could be ready for move-in as early as 2027, will house not only state-of-the-art research and development laboratories for companies and UC Berkeley researchers, but also classrooms for UC Berkeley students. These students will benefit from immersion in the Silicon Valley start-up culture and proximity to the nation’s top aeronautical, space and AI scientists and engineers at Ames.

“We would like to create industry consortia to support research clusters focused around themes that are key to our objectives, in particular aviation of the future, resiliency in extreme environments, space bioprocess engineering, remote sensing and data science and computing,” said  Alexandre Bayen , a UC Berkeley professor of electrical engineering and computer sciences and associate provost for Moffett Field program development.

man in suit holding microphone, California flag in background

Brandon Torres for NASA Ames

“We’re hoping to create an ecosystem where Berkeley talent can collaborate with the private sector and co-locate their research and development teams,” he added. “And since we will be close to NASA talent and technology in the heart of Silicon Valley, we hope to leverage that to form future partnerships.”

Ever since Naval Air Station Moffett Field was decommissioned in 1994 and NASA Ames acquired an additional 1,200 acres, NASA has been focused on developing those acres into a world-class research hub and start-up accelerator. Initiated in 2002, NASA Research Park now has some 25 companies on site, including Google’s Bay View campus.

“We believe that the research and the capabilities of a major university like Berkeley could be a significant addition to the work being done at Ames,” said NASA Ames Director Eugene Tu. “In a more specific way, we would like the potential of having proximity to more students at the undergraduate and graduate level. We would also like the possibility of developing potential partnerships with faculty in the future. The NASA mission is twofold: inspiring the next generation of explorers, and dissemination of our technologies and our research for public benefit. Collaboration between NASA and university researchers fits within that mission.”

UC Berkeley hopes eventually to establish housing at Moffett Field to make working at the innovation center easier for students — without a 47-mile commute each way. Bayen noted that Carnegie Mellon University already occupies a teaching building at Moffett Field. With the addition of UC Berkeley and the proximity of Stanford University, he expects the intensity of academic activities in the area, both instructional and research, to increase immensely.

two men at table, one speaking into a microphone

“We have major facilities here at Ames — the world’s largest wind tunnel, NASA’s only plasma wind tunnel to test entry systems and thermal protection systems, the agency’s supercomputers — and the university will likely build facilities here that that we might leverage as well. So, I look at that as a triad of students, faculty and facilities,” Tu added. “Then the fourth piece, which is equally important: If the project is approved to move forward, the university will likely bring in partners, will bring in industry, will bring in startups, will bring in incubators that could be relevant to NASA’s interest in advancing aeronautics, science and space exploration.”

“What they’re doing at NASA Ames is transformational, but in order to make it heroic, in order to make it even larger than what is now possible, they have to use the combined resources of the number one public university in the world, private industry and the most innovative place on the planet, which is Silicon Valley,” said Darek DeFreece, the project’s founder and executive director at UC Berkeley.

Automated aviation

Bayen emphasized that many academic institutions are now becoming global universities: New York University has demonstrated the ability to operate independent campuses on different continents — the Middle East and Asia — while Cornell has successfully opened a second campus in Manhattan, five hours from Ithaca. In the same vein, UC Berkeley is innovating by launching this research hub that, over the decades to come, could evolve into a campus as instructional and research and development activities grow.

woman with goggles flies a drone in grassy area with drone sculpture and people milling

“This expansion of Berkeley’s physical footprint and academic reach represents a fantastic and unprecedented opportunity for our students, faculty and the public we serve,” said UC Berkeley Chancellor Carol Christ. “Enabling our world-class research enterprise to explore potential collaborations with NASA and the private sector will speed the translation of discoveries across a wide range of disciplines into the inventions, technologies and services that will advance the greater good. We are thrilled. This is a prime location and a prime time for this public university.”

Claire Tomlin, now professor and chair of electrical engineering and computer sciences at UC Berkeley, conducted her first research on automated collision avoidance systems for drones at Moffett Field, and foresees similar opportunities there for UC Berkeley students, especially those enrolled in the College of Engineering’s year-old aerospace engineering program.

“With our new aerospace engineering major, it is the right time to get started at Moffett Field. It offers an outdoor testbed for research on how to integrate drones or other unpiloted aerial vehicles, which are being used increasingly for aerial inspection or delivery of medical supplies, into our air traffic control system,” she said. “I anticipate great collaborations on topics such as new algorithms in control theory, new methods in AI, new electronics and new materials.”

Tomlin envisions research on networks of vertiports to support operations of electric autonomous helicopters or e-VTOLs (electric vertical takeoff and landing vehicles), much like UC Berkeley’s pioneering research in the 1990s on self-driving cars; collaborative work on how to grow plants in space or on other planets to produce food, building materials and pharmaceuticals, similar to the ongoing work in UC Berkeley’s  Center for the Utilization of Biological Engineering in Space  (CUBES); and collaborations on artificial intelligence with top AI experts in the Berkeley Artificial Intelligence Research lab (BAIR).

woman in green sweater looking to side with drone in air in background

Noah Berger for UC Berkeley

“This is the decade of electric automated aviation, and the Berkeley Space Center should be a pioneer of it, not just by research, but also by experimentation and deployment,” Tomlin said. “We’re interested in, for example, how one would go about designing networks of vertiports that are economically viable, that are compatible with the urban landscape, that are prone to public acceptance and have an economic reality.”

“Advanced air mobility and revolutionizing the use of the airspace and how we use drones and unpiloted vehicles for future air taxis or to fight wildfires or to deliver cargo are other areas of potential collaboration,” Tu added.

Hannah Nabavi  is one UC Berkeley student eager to see this proposed collaboration with NASA Ames and industry around Silicon Valley, even though she will have graduated by the time it comes to fruition. A senior majoring in engineering physics, she is the leader of a campus club called SpaceForm that is currently tapping NASA Ames scientists for research tips on projects such as how materials are affected by the harsh environment on the moon.

“I think one of the primary advantages to UC Berkeley of having this connection is it allows students to obtain a perspective on what’s happening in the real world. What are the real-world problems? What are the goals? How are things getting done?” said Nabavi, who plans to attend graduate school on a path to a career in the commercial space industry. “It also helps students figure out what they want to focus on by providing an early understanding of the research and industrial areas in aerospace.”

But beyond the practical benefits, she said, “I think that seeing all of these scientists and engineers tackling issues and questions at the forefront of aerospace can serve as a huge inspiration to students.”

AI and machine learning

In addition, data science and AI/machine learning are rapidly disrupting the aviation and space industry landscape as it evolves toward automation and human-machine interaction and as ever bigger datasets are being produced. The workforce needs retraining in these rapidly evolving fields, and UC Berkeley’s College of Computing, Data Science, and Society (CDSS) is well positioned to provide executive and professional education to meet these needs.

2 women and a man ready a 6-foot blue and white rocket for launch in the desert

Photo courtesy of Space Technologies and Rocketry/Berkeley Engineering

“Berkeley Space Center offers the possibility for CDSS students to work on these new challenges, particularly in the fields of aeronautics and astronautics, planetary science and quantum science and technology,” said Sandrine Dudoit, associate dean at CDSS, professor of statistics and of public health and a member of the Moffett Field Faculty Steering Committee.

DeFreece noted that there are NASA collaborations already happening on the UC Berkeley campus. Many leverage the mission management and instrument-building skills at the Space Sciences Laboratory, which is responsible for the day-to-day operation of several NASA satellites and is building instruments for spacecraft that NASA will land on the moon or launch to monitor Earth and the sun.

UC Berkeley researchers are already investigating  how to print 3D objects in space ,  how to create materials to sustain astronauts on Mars , how to test for life-based molecules on other planets and moons, and whether  squishy robots  could operate on other planets. UC Berkeley spin-offs are developing ways to  monitor health in space  and provide  low-cost insertion of satellites into orbit .

“The Berkeley Space Center could be a place where half of the day students are collaborating with center neighbors, and the other half of the day they might be taking classes and seeing their mentors who are supervising class projects on the satellite that is hovering over their heads at that very moment,” Bayen said. “Experiences like these just don’t exist anywhere else at the present time.”

UC Berkeley’s Haas School of Business and Berkeley Law are also working on issues surrounding the commercial exploitation of space, including asteroids and other planets, and the laws that should govern business in space.

“Space law and policy are also areas where I think there’s some tremendous opportunities to collaborate with the university,” Tu said. “What are we going to do when we find resources on the moon, and other countries do as well, and companies want to make money from that?”

A focus on sustainability

In return for its investment and partnership, UC Berkeley will receive a portion of the revenues that the real estate development is projected to generate. While market-based returns are always subject to change, the joint venture conservatively estimates that the research hub will receive revenues more than sufficient to ensure that Berkeley Space Center is self-sustaining, as well as provide new financial support to the core campus, its departments and colleges, and faculty and students.

nighttime scene of people mingling within a colorfully lighted pavilion

UC Berkeley also expects significant additional revenue from other, project-related sources, including new research grants, industry participation and partnerships, and the incubation and commercialization of emerging companies born from translational research and technologies created at the site.

SKS Partners , a San Francisco-based investor and developer of commercial real estate properties in the western U.S., will lead the venture. The planning team for the Berkeley Space Center will pursue LEED certification for its buildings — a mark of sustainability — by using solar power, blackwater and stormwater treatment and reuse, and emphasizing non-polluting transportation.

While construction is tentatively scheduled to begin in 2026, subject to environmental approvals, UC Berkeley is already creating connections between Silicon Valley companies on the NASA Ames property, including executive education programs.

yellow bear overlaying Ursa Major constellation, with words against blue background

“In the next couple of years, we could conceivably have a semester rotation program, where UC Berkeley students spend one semester at Berkeley Space Center, take three classes taught there, do their research there, are temporarily housed there for a semester, just like they would do a semester abroad in Paris,” Bayen said. “Ultimately, we hope to build experiences that currently do not exist for students, staff and faculty and create an innovation ecosystem where breakthroughs that require public-private partnerships are enabled.”

The development team includes as co-master planners HOK, an architecture, engineering and planning firm, and Field Operations, an interdisciplinary urban design and landscape architecture firm.


  • Berkeley Space Center
  • SKS website for Berkeley Space Center
  • Perspective: The role of public–private partnerships in fostering outer space innovations  (Oct. 16, 2023)
  • NASA’s Ames Research Center
  • SKS Partners

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Study explains why the brain can robustly recognize images, even without color

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Pawan Sinha looks at a wall of about 50 square photos. The photos are pictures of children with vision loss who have been helped by Project Prakash.

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Pawan Sinha looks at a wall of about 50 square photos. The photos are pictures of children with vision loss who have been helped by Project Prakash.

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Even though the human visual system has sophisticated machinery for processing color, the brain has no problem recognizing objects in black-and-white images. A new study from MIT offers a possible explanation for how the brain comes to be so adept at identifying both color and color-degraded images.

Using experimental data and computational modeling, the researchers found evidence suggesting the roots of this ability may lie in development. Early in life, when newborns receive strongly limited color information, the brain is forced to learn to distinguish objects based on their luminance, or intensity of light they emit, rather than their color. Later in life, when the retina and cortex are better equipped to process colors, the brain incorporates color information as well but also maintains its previously acquired ability to recognize images without critical reliance on color cues.

The findings are consistent with previous work showing that initially degraded visual and auditory input can actually be beneficial to the early development of perceptual systems.

“This general idea, that there is something important about the initial limitations that we have in our perceptual system, transcends color vision and visual acuity. Some of the work that our lab has done in the context of audition also suggests that there’s something important about placing limits on the richness of information that the neonatal system is initially exposed to,” says Pawan Sinha, a professor of brain and cognitive sciences at MIT and the senior author of the study.

The findings also help to explain why children who are born blind but have their vision restored later in life, through the removal of congenital cataracts, have much more difficulty identifying objects presented in black and white. Those children, who receive rich color input as soon as their sight is restored, may develop an overreliance on color that makes them much less resilient to changes or removal of color information.

MIT postdocs Marin Vogelsang and Lukas Vogelsang, and Project Prakash research scientist Priti Gupta, are the lead authors of the study, which appears today in Science . Sidney Diamond, a retired neurologist who is now an MIT research affiliate, and additional members of the Project Prakash team are also authors of the paper.

Seeing in black and white

The researchers’ exploration of how early experience with color affects later object recognition grew out of a simple observation from a study of children who had their sight restored after being born with congenital cataracts. In 2005, Sinha launched Project Prakash (the Sanskrit word for “light”), an effort in India to identify and treat children with reversible forms of vision loss.

Many of those children suffer from blindness due to dense bilateral cataracts. This condition often goes untreated in India, which has the world’s largest population of blind children, estimated between 200,000 and 700,000.

Children who receive treatment through Project Prakash may also participate in studies of their visual development, many of which have helped scientists learn more about how the brain's organization changes following restoration of sight, how the brain estimates brightness, and other phenomena related to vision.

In this study, Sinha and his colleagues gave children a simple test of object recognition, presenting both color and black-and-white images. For children born with normal sight, converting color images to grayscale had no effect at all on their ability to recognize the depicted object. However, when children who underwent cataract removal were presented with black-and-white images, their performance dropped significantly.

This led the researchers to hypothesize that the nature of visual inputs children are exposed to early in life may play a crucial role in shaping resilience to color changes and the ability to identify objects presented in black-and-white images. In normally sighted newborns, retinal cone cells are not well-developed at birth, resulting in babies having poor visual acuity and poor color vision. Over the first years of life, their vision improves markedly as the cone system develops.

Because the immature visual system receives significantly reduced color information, the researchers hypothesized that during this time, the baby brain is forced to gain proficiency at recognizing images with reduced color cues. Additionally, they proposed, children who are born with cataracts and have them removed later may learn to rely too much on color cues when identifying objects, because, as they experimentally demonstrated in the paper, with mature retinas, they commence their post-operative journeys with good color vision.

To rigorously test that hypothesis, the researchers used a standard convolutional neural network, AlexNet, as a computational model of vision. They trained the network to recognize objects, giving it different types of input during training. As part of one training regimen, they initially showed the model grayscale images only, then introduced color images later on. This roughly mimics the developmental progression of chromatic enrichment as babies’ eyesight matures over the first years of life.

Another training regimen comprised only color images. This approximates the experience of the Project Prakash children, because they can process full color information as soon as their cataracts are removed.

The researchers found that the developmentally inspired model could accurately recognize objects in either type of image and was also resilient to other color manipulations. However, the Prakash-proxy model trained only on color images did not show good generalization to grayscale or hue-manipulated images.

“What happens is that this Prakash-like model is very good with colored images, but it’s very poor with anything else. When not starting out with initially color-degraded training, these models just don’t generalize, perhaps because of their over-reliance on specific color cues,” Lukas Vogelsang says.

The robust generalization of the developmentally inspired model is not merely a consequence of it having been trained on both color and grayscale images; the temporal ordering of these images makes a big difference. Another object-recognition model that was trained on color images first, followed by grayscale images, did not do as well at identifying black-and-white objects.

“It’s not just the steps of the developmental choreography that are important, but also the order in which they are played out,” Sinha says.

The advantages of limited sensory input

By analyzing the internal organization of the models, the researchers found that those that begin with grayscale inputs learn to rely on luminance to identify objects. Once they begin receiving color input, they don’t change their approach very much, since they’ve already learned a strategy that works well. Models that began with color images did shift their approach once grayscale images were introduced, but could not shift enough to make them as accurate as the models that were given grayscale images first.

A similar phenomenon may occur in the human brain, which has more plasticity early in life, and can easily learn to identify objects based on their luminance alone. Early in life, the paucity of color information may in fact be beneficial to the developing brain, as it learns to identify objects based on sparse information.

“As a newborn, the normally sighted child is deprived, in a certain sense, of color vision. And that turns out to be an advantage,” Diamond says.

Researchers in Sinha’s lab have observed that limitations in early sensory input can also benefit other aspects of vision, as well as the auditory system. In 2022, they used computational models to show that early exposure to only low-frequency sounds, similar to those that babies hear in the womb, improves performance on auditory tasks that require analyzing sounds over a longer period of time, such as recognizing emotions. They now plan to explore whether this phenomenon extends to other aspects of development, such as language acquisition.

The research was funded by the National Eye Institute of NIH and the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity.

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Ronnie Lippin Cancer Support and Navigation Project Launches with Tower Cancer Research Foundation

By William Earl

William Earl

  • Ronnie Lippin Cancer Support and Navigation Project Launches with Tower Cancer Research Foundation 4 days ago
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Tower Cancer Research Foundation

The Tower Cancer Research Foundation has launched the Ronnie Lippin Cancer Support and Navigation Project at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center to assist underserved cancer patients.

The program is funded by a grant from the Lippin Family Trust as a tribute to the late music publicist and manager, who died of breast cancer in December 2006 at age 59. She was married for 34 years to veteran communications strategist Dick Lippin, founder and chairman of Lippin Group.

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The importance of providing a strong “cancer navigation” systems for patients and their families has been championed by President Joe Biden and first lady Dr. Jill Biden as part of the White House’s “Cancer Moonshot” program.

In 2012, Dick Lippin and his daughter, publicist and Lippin Group executive Alexandra Lippin, established the Ronnie Lippin Cancer Information and Resource Line , also in partnership with Tower Cancer Research Foundation.

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