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  • Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci
  • v.364(1532); 2009 Oct 27

Human population growth and the demographic transition

The world and most regions and countries are experiencing unprecedentedly rapid demographic change. The most obvious example of this change is the huge expansion of human numbers: four billion have been added since 1950. Projections for the next half century expect a highly divergent world, with stagnation or potential decline in parts of the developed world and continued rapid growth in the least developed regions. Other demographic processes are also undergoing extraordinary change: women's fertility has dropped rapidly and life expectancy has risen to new highs. Past trends in fertility and mortality have led to very young populations in high fertility countries in the developing world and to increasingly older populations in the developed world. Contemporary societies are now at very different stages of their demographic transitions. This paper summarizes key trends in population size, fertility and mortality, and age structures during these transitions. The focus is on the century from 1950 to 2050, which covers the period of most rapid global demographic transformation.

1. Introduction

After centuries of very slow and uneven growth, the world population reached one billion in 1800. The modern expansion of human numbers started then, rising at a slow but more steady pace over the next 150 years to 2.5 billion in 1950. During the second half of the twentieth century, however, growth rates accelerated to historically unprecedented levels. As a result, world population more than doubled to 6.5 billion in 2005 (United Nations 1962 , 1973 , 2007 ). This population expansion is expected to continue for several more decades before peaking near 10 billion later in the twenty-first century. Around 2070, the world's population will be 10 times larger than in 1800.

The recent period of very rapid demographic change in most countries around the world is characteristic of the central phases of a secular process called the demographic transition . Over the course of this transition, declines in birth rates followed by declines in death rates bring about an era of rapid population growth. This transition usually accompanies the development process that transforms an agricultural society into an industrial one. Before the transition's onset, population growth (which equals the difference between the birth and death rate in the absence of migration) is near zero as high death rates more or less offset the high birth rates typical of agrarian societies before the industrial revolution. Population growth is again near zero after the completion of the transition as birth and death rates both reach low levels in the most developed societies. During the intervening transition period, rapid demographic change occurs, characterized by two distinct phases. During the first phase, the population growth rate rises as the death rate declines while the birth rate remains high. In the second phase, the growth rate declines (but remains positive) due to a decline in the birth rate. The entire transition typically takes more than a century to complete and ends with a much larger population size.

The plot of world population size over time in figure 1 (top solid line) shows the typical S-shaped pattern of estimated and projected population size over the course of the transition. Population growth accelerated for most of the twentieth century reaching the transition's midpoint in the 1980s and has recently begun to decelerate slightly. Today, we are still on the steepest part of this growth curve with additions to world population exceeding 75 million per year between 1971 and 2016.

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Population size estimates, 1900–2005 and projections 2005–2050. High, medium and low variants.

Contemporary societies are at very different stages of their demographic transitions. Key trends in population size, fertility and mortality during these transitions are summarized below. The focus is on the century from 1950 to 2050, covering the period of most rapid global demographic change. The main source of data is the United Nation's 2006 world population assessment, which provides estimates for 1950–2005 and projections from 2005 to 2050 ( United Nations 2007 ).

2. Future population trends

The projected rise in world population to 9.2 billion in 2050 represents an increase of 2.7 billion over the 2005 population of 6.5 billion. Nearly all of this future growth will occur in the ‘South’—i.e. Africa, Asia (excluding Japan, Australia and New Zealand), and Latin America—where population size is projected to increase from 5.3 to 7.9 billion between 2005 and 2050 ( table 1 ). In contrast, in the ‘North’ (Europe, Northern America, Japan and Australia/New Zealand), population size is forecast to remain virtually stable, growing slightly from 1.22 to 1.25 billion between 2005 and 2050. The difference in trends between these two world regions reflects the later stage of the transition in the North compared with the South.

Table 1.

Population estimates (1950–2005) and projections (2005–2050), by region. Adapted from United Nations (2007) .

The global demographic transition began in the nineteenth century in the now economically developed parts of the world (the North) with declines in death rates. Large reductions in birth rates followed in the early part of the twentieth century. These transitions are now more or less complete. But, as shown in table 1 , trends for the two principal regions in the North are expected to diverge between 2005 and 2050: an increase from 0.33 to 0.45 billion in Northern America, and a decline from 0.73 to 0.66 billion in Europe. In fact, several countries in Europe (e.g. Russia) and East Asia (e.g. Japan) face significant population declines as birth rates have fallen below death rates.

The demographic transitions in Africa, Asia and Latin America started later and are still underway. In 2005, Asia had a population of 3.94 billion, more than half of the world total, and its population is expected to grow by 34 per cent to 5.27 billion by 2050. Africa, with 0.92 billion inhabitants in 2005, is likely to experience by far the most rapid relative expansion, more than doubling to 2.0 billion by 2050. Latin America, with 0.56 billion in 2005, is the smallest of the regions of the South; its projected growth trend is similar to that of Asia.

It may seem surprising that population growth continues at a rapid pace in sub-Saharan Africa, where the AIDS epidemic is most severe. This epidemic has indeed caused many deaths, but population growth continues because the epidemic is no longer expanding and the birth rate is expected to remain higher than the elevated death rate in the future ( UNAIDS 2007 ; Bongaarts et al . 2008 ). The epidemic's demographic impact can be assessed by comparing the standard UN population projection (which includes the epidemic's effect) with a separate hypothetical projection in which AIDS mortality is excluded ( United Nations 2007 ). In sub-Saharan Africa, the former projects a 2050 population of 1.76 billion and the latter a population of 1.95 billion. The difference of 0.2 billion in 2050 between these projections with and without the epidemic is due to deaths from AIDS as well as the absence of the descendents from people who died from AIDS. According to these projections, the population of sub-Saharan Africa will grow by one billion between 2005 and 2050 despite the substantial impact of the AIDS epidemic. In fact, no country is expected to see a decline in its population size between 2005 and 2050 due to high AIDS mortality. Most populations in sub-Saharan Africa will more than double in size, several will triple and Niger is expected to quadruple by 2050 ( United Nations 2007 ).

Transitions in the developing world have generally produced more rapid population growth rates in mid-transition than historically observed in the North. In some developing countries (e.g. Kenya and Uganda), peak growth rates approached four per cent per year in recent decades (implying a doubling of population size in two decades), levels that were very rarely observed in developed countries except with massive immigration. Two factors account for this very rapid expansion of population in these still largely traditional societies: the spread of medical technology (e.g. immunization, antibiotics) after World War II, which led to extremely rapid declines in death rates, and a lag in declines in birth rates.

Population sizes for the 10 largest countries in 2005 and in 2050 are presented in table 2 . In 2005, China (1.31 billion) and India (1.13 billion) were by far the largest countries, together accounting for nearly half the South's total. The top 10 include six Asian countries and only one country each in Latin America and Africa. By 2050, the ranking is expected to have shifted substantially, with India's population exceeding China's, and with Ethiopia and DR Congo rising to the top 10, replacing Japan and the Russian Federation.

Table 2.

Ten largest countries by population size in 1995 (estimate) and 2050 (medium projection). Adapted from United Nations (2007) .

To simplify the presentation of results, all projections discussed in this study are taken from the medium variant of the UN projections ( United Nations 2007 ). The UN has a good record of making relatively accurate projections ( National Research Council 2000 ), but the future is of course uncertain and actual population trends over the next half century will likely diverge to some extent from current projections. The UN makes an effort to capture this uncertainty by publishing separate high and low projections. For the world, the high and low variants reach 7.8 and 10.8 billion, respectively, in 2050, indicating a rather wide range of possible outcomes (see dashed lines in figure 1 ).

3. Drivers of population growth: fertility and mortality

The world's population increases every year because the global birth rate exceeds the death rate. For example, in 2000–2005 population size increased at a rate of 1.17 per cent per year, which equals the difference between a birth rate of 2.03 per cent and a death rate of 0.86 per cent. At the country level, population growth is also affected by migration, but for the regional aggregates of population used in this analysis, migration is usually a minor factor, and it will therefore not be discussed in detail.

The annual birth and death rates of populations are in turn primarily determined by levels of fertility and mortality experienced by individuals. The most widely used fertility indicator is the total fertility rate (TFR), which equals the number of births a woman would have by the end of her reproductive years if she experienced the age-specific fertility rates prevailing in a given year. Mortality is often measured by the life expectancy (LE) at birth, which equals the average number of years a newborn would live if subjected to age-specific mortality rates observed in a given year.

(a) Fertility

The UN's past estimates and future projections of fertility levels by region for the period 1950–2050 are presented in figure 2 . In the 1950s, the TFR in the South was high and virtually stable at around six births per woman on average. This high level of fertility reflects a near absence of birth control, a condition that has prevailed for centuries before the middle of the twentieth century. In the late 1960s, a rapid decline in fertility started nearly simultaneously in Asia and Latin America. In contrast, Africa has experienced only limited reproductive change. As a result of these divergent past trends, fertility levels in 2000–2005 differed widely among regions from as high as 5 births per woman (bpw) in Africa, to 2.5 bpw in Asia and Latin America. Average fertility in the North was already low in the early 1950s and has since declined to 2.0 bpw in Northern America and to 1.4 bpw in Europe.

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Trends in the total fertility rate by region.

The decline in the average fertility in the South from 6 to 3 bpw over the past half century has been very rapid by historical standards. This reproductive revolution is mainly due to two factors. First, desired family size of parents has declined as the cost of children rose and child survival increased. Second, government intervention played a key role. In China this took the form of a coercive and unpopular one-child policy, but most other countries implemented voluntary family planning programmes. The aim of these programmes is to provide information about and access to contraceptives at subsidized prices so that women who want to limit their childbearing can more readily do so.

UN projections for the South assume that the TFR will eventually reach and then fall slightly below the so-called ‘replacement’ level in all regions. Replacement fertility is just above 2 bpw and it represents the level at which each generation just replaces the previous one, thus leading to zero population growth (in the absence of mortality change and migration). Below-replacement fertility produces, in the long run, population decline. As is evident from figure 2 , the TFRs in Asia and Latin America are expected to reach the replacement level around 2020. Africa is assumed to be on a much slower trajectory towards replacement fertility because of its lower level of socio-economic development. High fertility therefore remains a key cause of future population growth in this region. In contrast, the already low fertility of the North is expected to remain below replacement and is no longer driving population growth.

(b) Mortality and life expectancy

Mortality levels have also changed rapidly over the past several decades ( figure 3 ). The South experienced exceptional improvements in LE from an average of 41 years in 1950–1955 to 64 years in 2000–2005. By the early 2000, Latin America reached mortality levels similar to those prevailing in the North in the 1970s, and Asia was just a few years behind. Africa experienced the highest mortality and improvements in LE stalled in the 1990s due to the AIDS epidemic. As a result, Africa's LE, at 52 years in 2000–2005, was still substantially below that of Asia (68) and Latin America (72). As expected, Europe and Northern America already achieved relatively low levels of mortality by 1950, but they have nevertheless seen significant further improvements since then. Europe's LE (74) is now lower than North America's (78) because of a rise in mortality in Eastern Europe after the break-up of the Soviet Union.

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Trends in LE by region.

Projections of future LEs by the UN assume continued improvements over time in all regions. The North is expected to reach 82 years in 2050 despite the increasing difficulty in achieving increments as countries reach ever higher levels of LE. Asia and Latin America are expected to continue to close the gap with the North, and Africa will continue to lag, in part because the continent remains affected by the AIDS epidemic.

It should be noted that the assumptions made by the UN about future trends in fertility and mortality are not based on a firm theoretical basis. Instead, the UN relies on empirical regularities in past trends in countries that have completed their transitions, mostly in the North, where fertility declined to approximately the replacement level, and increases in LE became smaller over time. This is a plausible approach that unfortunately leaves room for potential inaccuracies in projection results.

4. Changing population age composition

Over the course of the demographic transition, declines in fertility and mortality cause important changes in a population's age composition. In general, countries in the early stages of the transition have a younger age structure than countries in the later stages.

Figure 4 presents the distribution of the 2005 population in four broad age groups: 0–14, 15–24, 25–64 and 65+ by region. Most of the regions in the South—Africa, Latin America, South Asia and West Asia—have very young age structures with about half of the population under age 25 (62% in Africa). The exception is East Asia (mostly China) where this proportion is 37 per cent. In the North, the population under 25 is still smaller: 35 per cent in North America and just 30 per cent in Europe. The reverse pattern is observed for the proportion 65+, which is much higher in the North than in the South, ranging from as high as 15 per cent in Europe to as low as just 3 per cent in Africa.

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Distribution of population by age, by region, 2005.

(a) The age-dependency ratio

A changing age distribution has significant social and economic consequences, e.g. for the allocation of education, healthcare and social security resources to the young and old. Assessments of this impact often rely on the so-called age-dependency ratio (DR) that summarizes key changes in the age structure. The DR at a given point in time equals the ratio of population aged below 15 and over 65 to the population of age 15–64. This ratio aims to measure how many ‘dependents’ there are for each person in the ‘productive’ age group. Obviously, not every person below 15 and over 65 is a dependent and not every person between ages 15 and 65 is productive. Despite its crudeness, this indicator is widely used to document broad trends in the age composition.

Over the course of a demographic transition, the DR shows a characteristic pattern of change. Figure 5 presents this pattern as observed in the South from 1950 to 2005 and projected from 2005 to 2050. Early in the transition, the DR typically first rises slightly as improvements in survival chances of children raise the number of young people. Next, the DR falls sharply as declines in fertility reduce the proportion of the population under age 15. This decline has important economic consequences because it creates a so-called ‘demographic dividend’, which boosts economic growth by increasing the size of the labour force relative to dependents and by stimulating savings ( Birdsall et al . 2001 ). Finally, at the end of the transition, the DR increases again as the proportion of the population over age 65 rises. Figure 5 also plots the DR of the North from 1950–2050. From 1950 to 2010 it showed a slight decline, but after 2010 it rises steeply as very low fertility and increasing longevity increases the proportion 65+. This ageing of the North poses serious challenges to support systems for the elderly (OECD 1998 , 2001 ).

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Dependency ratio estimates, 1950–2005.

(b) Population momentum

At the end of the demographic transition natural population growth reaches zero once three conditions are met:

  • Fertility levels-off at the replacement level of about 2.1 bpw (more precisely, the net reproduction rate should be 1). If fertility remains above replacement, population growth continues.
  • Mortality stops declining. In practice, this is not likely to happen because improvements in medical technology and healthcare as well as changes in lifestyles, etc. will probably ensure continued increases in LE.
  • The age structure has adjusted to the post-transitional levels of fertility and mortality.

The adjustment of the age structure at the end of the transition takes many decades to complete. A key implication of this slow adjustment process is that population growth continues for many years after replacement fertility is reached if, as is often the case, the population is still relatively young when fertility reaches the replacement level. The tendency of population size to increase after a two-child family size has been reached is referred to as population momentum ; it is the consequence of a young population age structure (‘young’ is defined relative to the age structure in the current life table) ( Bongaarts & Bulatao 1999 ).

The population momentum inherent in the age structure of a particular population at a given point in time can be estimated with a hypothetical population projection in which future fertility is set instantly to the replacement level, mortality is held constant and migration is set to zero. Since such a variant is not directly available from UN projections, it will not be presented here. However, the UN does provide ‘instant replacement’ projections in which mortality and migration trends are the same as in the standard projection. This projection gives an approximation of the combined effect on future growth of population momentum and declining mortality in the South because the role of migration is small. The difference between this hypothetical projection and the standard medium UN projection is a measure of the impact of high fertility on future population growth.

Results of these two projections are presented in figure 6 , which compares the per cent growth between 2005 and 2050 for regions in the South. The black bars give the growth in the standard (medium variant) projection and the grey bars give the growth in the ‘instant replacement’ projection. Three results are noteworthy. First, the two projections differ most in Africa (+117% versus +50%) which is as expected because fertility is still very high in this region. Second, in all regions of the South outside China, populations would be expected to rise by 50 per cent (62% in West Asia) if fertility were set to replacement in 2005. This implies that momentum and declining mortality are responsible for nearly half of the projected future population growth in Africa and for the large majority of growth in Latin America, and South and West Asia. Third, in East Asia and in Latin America the replacement projection exceeds the medium UN projection. This finding is explained by the fact that fertility in these regions is assumed to average below the replacement level over the next half century.

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Percentage increase in population 2005–2050, by region, alternative projections. Black bars denote medium UN projection; grey bars denote instant replacement projection (hypothetical).

5. Conclusion

The world and most countries are going through a period of unprecedentedly rapid demographic change. The most obvious example of this change is the huge expansion of human numbers: four billion have been added since 1950. Other demographic processes are also experiencing extraordinary change: women are having fewer births and LEs have risen to new highs. Past trends in fertility and/or mortality have led to very young populations in high fertility countries in the South and to increasingly older populations in the North. Still other important demographic changes which were not reviewed here include rapid urbanization, international migration, and changes in family and household structure.

Global population growth will continue for decades, reaching around 9.2 billion in 2050 and peaking still higher later in the century. The demographic drivers of this growth are high fertility in parts of the South, as well as declining mortality and momentum. This large expansion in human numbers and of the accompanying changes in the age structure will have multiple consequences for society, the economy and the environment as discussed in the subsequent chapters in this issue.

One contribution of 14 to a Theme Issue ‘ The impact of population growth on tomorrow's world ’.

  • Birdsall N., Kelley A., Sinding S.2001 Population matters: demographic change, economic growth and poverty in the developing world Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press [ Google Scholar ]
  • Bongaarts J., Bulatao R.1999 Completing the demographic transition . Popul. Dev. Rev. 25 , 515–529 ( doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.1999.00515.x ) [ Google Scholar ]
  • Bongaarts J., Buettner J., Heilig G., Pelletier F.2008 Has the AIDS epidemic peaked? Popul. Dev. Rev. 34 , 199–224 ( doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2008.00217.x ) [ Google Scholar ]
  • National Research Council 2000 Beyond six billion: forecasting the world's population (eds Bongaarts J., Bulatao R.). Washington, DC: National Academy Press [ Google Scholar ]
  • OECD 1998 Maintaining prosperity in an ageing society Paris: OECD Publications [ Google Scholar ]
  • OECD 2001 The fiscal implications of ageing: projections of age-related spending . OECD Economic Outlook 69 , 145–167 [ Google Scholar ]
  • UNAIDS 2007 AIDS Epidemic Update Geneva: UNAIDS [ Google Scholar ]
  • United Nations 1962 Demographic yearbook New York, NY: United Nations [ Google Scholar ]
  • United Nations 1973 The determinants and consequences of population trends New York, NY: Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Studies 50, United Nations [ Google Scholar ]
  • United Nations 2007 World population prospects: the 2006 revision New York, NY: United Nations Population Division [ Google Scholar ]

National Academies Press: OpenBook

The Growth of World Population: Analysis of the Problems and Recommendations for Research and Training (1963)

Chapter: world population problems, world population problems, the growth of world population.

The population of the world, now somewhat in excess of three billion persons, is growing at about two per cent a year, or faster than at any other period in man’s history. While there has been a steady increase of population growth during the past two or three centuries, it has been especially rapid during the past 20 years. To appreciate the pace of population growth we should recall that world population doubled in about 1,700 years from the time of Christ until the middle of the 17th century; it doubled again in about 200 years, doubled again in less than 100, and, if the current rate of population increase were to remain constant, would double every 35 years. Moreover, this rate is still increasing.

To be sure, the rate of increase cannot continue to grow much further. Even if the death rate were to fall to zero, at the present level of human reproduction the growth rate would not be much in excess of three and one-half per cent per year, and the time required for world population to double would not fall much below 20 years.

Although the current two per cent a year does not sound like an extraordinary rate of increase, a few simple calculations demonstrate that such a rate of increase in human population could not possibly continue for more than a few hundred years. Had this rate existed from the time of Christ to now, the world population would have increased in this period by a factor of about 7×10 16 ; in other words, there would be about 20 million individuals in place of each

person now alive, or 100 people to each square foot. If the present world population should continue to increase at its present rate of two per cent per year, then, within two centuries, there will be more than 150 billion people. Calculations of this sort demonstrate without question not only that the current continued increase in the rate of population growth must cease but also that this rate must decline again. There can be no doubt concerning this long-term prognosis: Either the birth rate of the world must come down or the death rate must go back up.


The rates of population growth are not the same, of course, in all parts of the world. Among the industrialized countries, Japan and most of the countries of Europe are now growing relatively slowly—doubling their populations in 50 to 100 years. Another group of industrialized countries—the United States, the Soviet Union, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and Argentina—are doubling their populations in 30 to 40 years, approximately the world average. The pre-industrial, low-income, and less-developed areas of the world, with two thirds of the world’s population—including Asia (except Japan and the Asiatic part of the Soviet Union), the southwestern Pacific islands (principally the Philippines and Indonesia), Africa (with the exception of European minorities), the Caribbean Islands, and Latin America (with the exception of Argentina and Uruguay)—are growing at rates ranging from moderate to very fast. Annual growth rates in all these areas range from one and one-half to three and one-half per cent, doubling in 20 to 40 years.

The rates of population growth of the various countries of the world are, with few exceptions, simply the differences between their birth rates and death rates. International migration is a negligible factor in rates of growth today. Thus, one can understand the varying rates of population growth of different parts of the world by understanding what underlies their respective birth and death rates.


A brief, over-simplified history of the course of birth and death rates in western Europe since about 1800 not only provides a frame of reference for understanding the current birth and death rates in Europe, but also casts some light on the present situation and prospects in other parts of the world. A simplified picture of the population history of a typical western European country is shown in

research essay on population growth

Figure 1 . Schematic presentation of birth and death rates in western Europe after 1800. (The time span varies roughly from 75 to 150 years.)

Figure 1 . The jagged interval in the early death rate and the recent birth rate is intended to indicate that all the rates are subject to substantial annual variation. The birth rate in 1800 was about 35 per 1,000 population and the average number of children ever born to women reaching age 45 was about five. The death rate in 1800 averaged 25 to 30 per 1,000 population although, as indicated, it was subject to variation because of episodic plagues, epidemics, and crop failures. The average expectation of life at birth was 35 years or less. The current birth rate in western European countries is 14 to 20 per 1,000 population with an average of two to three children born to a woman by the end of childbearing. The death rate is 7 to 11 per 1,000 population per year, and the expectation of life at birth is about 70 years. The death rate declined, starting in the late 18th or early 19th century, partly because of better transport and communication, wider markets, and greater productivity, but more directly because of the development of sanitation and, later, modern medicine. These developments, part of the changes in the whole complex of modern civilization, involved scientific and technological advances in many areas, specifically in public health, medicine, agriculture, and industry. The immediate cause of the decline in the birth rate was the increased deliberate control of fertility within marriage. The only important exception to this statement relates to Ireland, where the decline in the birth rate was brought about by an increase of several years in the age at marriage combined with an increase of 10 to 15 per cent in the proportion of people remaining single. The average age at marriage rose to 28 and more than a fourth of Irish women remained unmarried at age 45. In other countries, however, such social changes have had either insignificant or favorable effects on the birth rate. In these countries—England, Wales, Scotland, Scandinavia, the Low Countries, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and France—the birth rate went down because of the practice of contraception among married couples. It is certain that there was no decline in the reproductive capacity; in fact, with improved health, the contrary is likely.

Only a minor fraction of the decline in western European fertility can be ascribed to the invention of modern techniques of contraception. In the first place, very substantial declines in some European countries antedated the invention and mass manufacture of contraceptive devices. Second, we know from surveys that as recently as just

before World War II more than half of the couples in Great Britain practicing birth control were practicing withdrawal, or coitus interruptus. There is similar direct evidence for other European countries.

In this instance, the decline in fertility was not the result of technical innovations in contraception, but of the decision of married couples to resort to folk methods known for centuries. Thus we must explain the decline in the western European birth rates in terms of why people were willing to modify their sexual behavior in order to have fewer children. Such changes in attitude were doubtless a part of a whole set of profound social and economic changes that accompanied the industrialization and modernization of western Europe. Among the factors underlying this particular change in attitude was a change in the economic consequences of childbearing. In a pre-industrial, agrarian society children start helping with chores at an early age; they do not remain in a dependent status during a long period of education. They provide the principal form of support for the parents in their old age, and, with high mortality, many children must be born to ensure that some will survive to take care of their parents. On the other hand, in an urban, industrialized society, children are less of an economic asset and more of an economic burden.

Among the social factors that might account for the change in attitude is the decline in the importance of the family as an economic unit that has accompanied the industrialization and modernization of Europe. In an industrialized economy, the family is no longer the unit of production and individuals come to be judged by what they do rather than who they are. Children leave home to seek jobs and parents no longer count on support by their children in their old age. As this kind of modernization continues, public education, which is essential to the production of a literate labor force, is extended to women, and thus the traditional subordinate role of women is modified. Since the burden of child care falls primarily on women, their rise in status is probably an important element in the development of an attitude favoring the deliberate limitation of family size. Finally, the social and economic changes characteristic of industrialization and modernization of a country are accompanied by and reinforce a rise of secularism, pragmatism, and rationalism in place of custom and tradition. Since modernization of a nation involves extension of deliberate human control over an increasing range of the environment,

it is not surprising that people living in an economy undergoing industrialization should extend the notion of deliberate and rational control to the question of whether or not birth should result from their sexual activities.

As the simplified representation in Figure 1 indicates, the birth rate in western Europe usually began its descent after the death rate had already fallen substantially. (France is a partial exception. The decline in French births began late in the 18th century and the downward courses of the birth and death rates during the 19th century were more or less parallel.) In general, the death rate appears to be affected more immediately and automatically by industrialization. One may surmise that the birth rate responds more slowly because its reduction requires changes in more deeply seated customs. There is in most societies a consensus in favor of improving health and reducing the incidence of premature death. There is no such consensus for changes in attitudes and behavior needed to reduce the birth rate.


The pattern of declining mortality and fertility that we have described for western Europe fits not only the western European countries upon which it is based but also, with suitable adjustment in the initial birth and death rates and in the time scale, eastern and southern Europe (with the exception of Albania), the Soviet Union, Japan, the United States, Australia, Canada, Argentina, and New Zealand. In short, every country that has changed from a predominantly rural agrarian society to a predominantly industrial urban society and has extended public education to near-universality, at least at the primary school level, has had a major reduction in birth and death rates of the sort depicted in Figure 1 .

The jagged line describing the variable current birth rate represents in some instances—notably the United States—a major recovery in the birth rate from its low point. It must be remembered, however, that this recovery has not been caused by a reversion to uncontrolled family size. In the United States, for example, one can scarcely imagine that married couples have forgotten how to employ the contraceptive

techniques that reduced the birth rates to a level of mere replacement just before World War II. We know, in fact, that more couples are skilled in the use of contraception today than ever before. (Nevertheless, effective methods of controlling family size are still unknown and unused by many couples even in the United States.) The recent increase in the birth rate has been the result largely of earlier and more nearly universal marriage, the virtual disappearance of childless and one-child families, and a voluntary choice of two, three, or four children by a vast majority of American couples. There has been no general return to the very large family of pre-industrial times, although some segments of our society still produce many unwanted children.


We turn now to a comparison of the present situation in the less-developed areas with the demographic circumstances in western Europe prior to the industrial revolution. Figure 2 presents the trends of birth and death rates in the less-developed areas in a rough schematic way similar to that employed in Figure 1 . There are several important differences between the circumstances in today’s less-developed areas and those in pre-industrial Europe. Note first that the birth rate in the less-developed areas is higher than it was in pre-industrial western Europe. This difference results from the fact that in many less-developed countries almost all women at age 35 have married, and at an average age substantially less than in 18th-century Europe. Second, many of the less-developed areas of the world today are much more densely populated than was western Europe at the beginning of the industrial revolution. Moreover, there are few remaining areas comparable to North and South America into which a growing population could move and which could provide rapidly expanding markets. Finally, and most significantly, the death rate in the less-developed areas is dropping very rapidly—a decline that looks almost vertical compared to the gradual decline in western Europe—and without regard to economic change.

The precipitous decline in the death rate that is occurring in the low-income countries of the world is a consequence of the development and application of low-cost public health techniques. Unlike

research essay on population growth

Figure 2 . Schematic presentation of birth and death rates in less-developed countries, mid-20th century. (The steep drop in the death rate from approximately 35 per thousand began at times varying roughly between 1940 and 1960 from country to country.)

the countries of western Europe, the less-developed areas have not had to wait for the slow gradual development of medical science, nor have they had to await the possibly more rapid but still difficult process of constructing major sanitary engineering works and the build-up of a large inventory of expensive hospitals, public health

services, and highly trained doctors. Instead, the less-developed areas have been able to import low-cost measures of controlling disease, measures developed for the most part in the highly industrialized countries. The use of residual insecticides to provide effective protection against malaria at a cost of no more than 25 cents per capita per annum is an outstanding example. Other innovations include antibiotics and chemotherapy, and low-cost ways of providing safe water supplies and adequate environmental sanitation in villages that in most other ways remain relatively untouched by modernization. The death rate in Ceylon was cut in half in less than a decade, and declines approaching this in rapidity are almost commonplace.

The result of a precipitous decline in mortality while the birth rate remains essentially unchanged is, of course, a very rapid acceleration in population growth, reaching rates of three to three and one-half per cent. Mexico’s population, for example, has grown in recent years at a rate of approximately three and one-half per cent a year. This extreme rate is undoubtedly due to temporary factors and would stabilize at not more than three per cent. But even at three per cent per year, two centuries would see the population of Mexico grow to about 13.5 billion people. Two centuries is a long time, however. Might we not expect that long before 200 years had passed the population of Mexico would have responded to modernization, as did the populations of western Europe, by reducing the birth rate? A positive answer might suggest that organized educational efforts to reduce the birth rate are not necessary. But there is a more immediate problem demanding solution in much less than two centuries: Is the current demographic situation in the less-developed countries impeding the process of modernization itself? If so, a course of action that would directly accelerate the decline in fertility becomes an important part of the whole development effort which is directed toward improving the quality of each individual’s life.


The combination of high birth rates and low or rapidly declining death rates now found in the less-developed countries implies two different characteristics of the population that have important impli-

cations for the pace of their economic development. One important characteristic is rapid growth, which is the immediate consequence of the large and often growing difference between birth and death rates; the other is the heavy burden of child dependency which results from a high birth rate whether death rates are high or low. A reduced death rate has only a slight effect on the proportion of children in the population, and this effect is in a rather surprising direction. The kinds of mortality reduction that have actually occurred in the world have the effect, if fertility remains unchanged, of reducing rather than increasing the average age of the population.

Mortality reduction produces this effect because the largest increases occur in the survival of infants, and, although the reduction in mortality increases the number of old persons, it increases the number of children even more. The result is that the high fertility found in low-income countries produces a proportion of children under fifteen of 40 to 45 per cent of the total population, compared to 25 per cent or less in most of the industrialized countries.

What do these characteristics of rapid growth and very large proportions of children imply about the capacity to achieve rapid industrialization? It must be noted that it is probably technically possible in every less-developed area to increase national output at rates even more rapid than the very rapid rates of population increase we have discussed, at least for a few years. The reason at least slight increases in per capita income appear feasible is that the low-income countries can import industrial and agricultural technology as well as medical technology. Briefly, the realistic question in the short run does not seem to be whether some increases in per capita income are possible while the population grows rapidly, but rather whether rapid population growth is a major deterrent to a rapid and continuing increase in per capita income.

A specific example will clarify this point. If the birth rate in India is not reduced, its population will probably double in the next 25 or 30 years, increasing from about 450 million to about 900 million. Agricultural experts consider it feasible within achievable limits of capital investment to accomplish a doubling of Indian agricultural output within the next 20 to 25 years. In the same period the output of the non-agricultural part of the Indian economy probably would be slightly more than doubled if the birth rate remained unchanged.

For a generation at least, then, India’s economic output probably can stay ahead of its maximum rate of population increase. This bare excess over the increase in population, however, is scarcely a satisfactory outcome of India’s struggle to achieve economic betterment. The real question is: Could India and the other less-developed areas of the world do substantially better if their birth rates and thus their population growth rates were reduced? Economic analysis clearly indicates that the answer is yes. Any growth of population adds to the rate of increase of national output that must be achieved in order to increase per capita output by any given amount.

To double per capita output in 30 years requires an annual increase in per capita output of 2.3 per cent; if population growth is three per cent a year, then the annual increase in national output must be raised to 5.3 per cent to achieve the desired level of economic growth. In either instance an economy, to grow, must divert effort and resources from producing for current consumption to the enhancement of future productivity. In other words, to grow faster an economy must raise its level of net investment. Net investment is investment in factories, roads, irrigation networks, and fertilizer plants, and also in education and training. The low-income countries find it difficult to mobilize resources for these purposes for three reasons: The pressure to use all available resources for current consumption is great; rapid population growth adds very substantially to the investment targets that must be met to achieve any given rate of increase in material well-being; and the very high proportions of children that result from high fertility demand that a larger portion of national output must be used to support a very large number of non-earning dependents. These dependents create pressure to produce for immediate consumption only. In individual terms, the family with a large number of children finds it more difficult to save, and a government that tries to finance development expenditures out of taxes can expect less support from a population with many children. Moreover, rapid population growth and a heavy burden of child dependency divert investment funds to less productive uses—that is, less productive in the long run. To achieve a given level of literacy in a population much more must be spent on schools. In an expanding population of large families, construction effort must go into housing rather than into factories or power plants.

Thus the combination of continued high fertility and greatly reduced mortality in the less-developed countries raises the levels of investment required while impairing the capacity of the economy to achieve high levels of investment. Economists have estimated that a gradual reduction in the rate of childbearing, totaling 50 per cent in 30 years, would add about 40 per cent to the income per consumer that could be achieved by the end of that time.

To recapitulate, a short-term increase in per capita income may be possible in most less-developed areas, even if the fertility rate is not reduced. Nevertheless, even in the short run, progress will be much faster and more certain if the birth rate falls. In the longer run, economic progress will eventually be stopped and reversed unless the birth rate declines or the death rate increases. Economic progress will be slower and more doubtful if less-developed areas wait for the supposedly inevitable impact of modernization on the birth rate. They run the risk that rapid population growth and adverse age distribution would themselves prevent the achievement of the very modernization they count on to bring the birth rate down.

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Fertility and Declining Population Growth in High-Income Countries

Below-replacement-level fertility rates in the US and other high-income countries portend a host of demographic changes and associated challenges, including the potential for lower economic growth and pressures on social insurance systems. It also means fewer young people enrolled in primary and secondary schools and broader changes in societal institutions. There are various potential explanations for the trend of low and declining fertility in high-income countries, and many potential consequences (both positive and negative). To promote research on these issues and draw together a diverse set of scholars from across subfields, the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), with support from the Smith Richardson Foundation, will convene a research conference on the causes and consequences of low fertility rates in high-income countries. The conference, which will be held in person on June 6-7, 2024 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, will be organized by NBER researchers Melissa S. Kearney (University of Maryland) and Phillip Levine (Wellesley College). It will build on a previous meeting on related issues held in June 2023:

Fertility and Declining Population Growth in High-Income Countries, Spring 2023 Research papers on any issue pertaining to the economic and social causes and consequences of declining fertility are welcome. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:   •  Why has fertility fallen in the US and other high-income countries?   •  What lessons can be learned from the low fertility environment in Asia?   •  Are there reasons to expect that the low levels of fertility currently being experienced in high-income countries will reverse course any time soon?   •  What is the impact of pro-natalist or pro-family policies – such as paid family leave, subsidized childcare, or child tax credits – on fertility rates?   •  What is the likely impact of low total fertility and declining population growth on economic growth and GDP per capita, and on government spending and revenues?   •  What other economic and social implications are associated with a declining fertility rate and lower population growth?   •  How will the geographic distribution of a shrinking population affect local economic activity and the well-being of residents in different locations?   •  To what extent can immigration and productivity investments be relied upon to address these demographic challenges?   •  What are the implications for the environment and climate of slower US population growth? To what extent has concern regarding climate change affected lifetime fertility outcomes?   •  What survey evidence exists regarding people’s aspirations and plans about future fertility, or attitudes about their realized fertility, and what role do various factors play in shaping those views?   •  Have social norms and institutional arrangements changed in a way that has materially affected childbearing? The NBER welcomes submissions of both empirical and theoretical research on all aspects of declining fertility in high-income countries, from all scholars, including those who are early in their careers, who are not NBER affiliates, and who are from groups that are under-represented in the economics profession. To be considered for inclusion on the program, upload papers no later than  11:59pm EST on February 1, 2024 . Complete papers are preferred, but extended abstracts may also be submitted.  Please do not submit papers that have been accepted for publication. Authors chosen to present papers will be notified by March 15, 2024. All co-authors of accepted papers will be invited to participate in the conference, and the NBER will cover the travel and lodging expenses of up to two authors per paper – the presenting author and one other. The NBER will also cover travel and lodging expenses for discussants. Questions about this conference may be addressed to  [email protected]

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The Impact of Population Growth on Well-being in Developing Countries pp 219–258 Cite as

Population Growth and Poverty

  • Dennis A. Ahlburg 4  

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This chapter presents estimates of the number of people in poverty and changes over time in the number of people in poverty, identifies factors that are related to poverty, and evaluates the role that population growth plays in determining poverty. Attention is paid to both the standard definition of poverty and to the broader concept of well-being. Little direct evidence on the impact of population growth exists. Indirect evidence, however, suggests some possible links. First, rapid population growth is likely to reduce per capita income growth and well-being, which tends to increase poverty. Second, in densely populated poor nations with pressure on land, rapid population growth increases landlessness and hence the incidence of poverty. Finally, the adverse effects of rapid population growth on child health, and possibly on education, will likely increase poverty in the next generation. While the direction of the impact of these links is reasonably clear, whether they have a quantitatively important impact on poverty (conventionally measured) is unclear. What is clear, however, is that reduction of poverty is most likely to occur by direct interventions. Constraining population growth represents an indirect policy that probably will not have a particularly large independent impact on poverty reduction in the short-run, especially vis-a vis a host of alternative poverty alleviation policies.

  • Population Growth
  • Family Size
  • Income Inequality
  • Poverty Line
  • Human Development Index

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The author has benefitted from discussions with Allen Kelley, Robert Cassen, Dick Easterlin and Martin Ravallion. Comments from Allen Kelley, Robert Cassen, Ragui Assaad, Jere Behrman, Tim Dyson, Sandy Korenman, David Lam, Deborah Levison, Cynthia Lloyd, and Vern Ruttan are gratefully acknowledged. This paper is a revised and expanded version of Ahlburg (1994).

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  • Population Growth Essay


Essay on Population Growth

One of the major problems the world is facing is the problem of the exponential growth of the population. This problem is the greatest one. Most countries in the world are showing a steep rise in population figures. The world’s resources are limited and so they cannot support a population beyond a certain limit. There has been news about the scarcity of food grains and the paucity of jobs mounting across the world. The number of human beings is multiplying at a steady rate. The world population has already crossed the six billion mark and it is expected to double in the next three or four decades. 

If the population continues to grow at this rate then the economy of the overpopulated countries will be unable to cope up with the growth of the population. Every attempt to bring peace, comfort and welfare to everybody’s door will be thwarted and misery will become prominent if the population is not kept within proper limits. Except for a few countries, all countries are facing a population boom. Currently, the largest populated country in the world is China and India is the second-largest populated country. India represents 17% of the world’s population. Other countries like Bangladesh, Japan, Indonesia and some countries of Europe are threatened to be burst into the seams by population explosion.

Causes of Population Growth

The major cause of population growth is the decrease in death rate and rise in the life span of the average individual. Earlier, there was a balance between the birth and death rate due to limited medical facilities, people dying in wars, and other calamities. The rapid spread of education has made people health conscious. People have become aware of the basic causes of diseases and simple remedies for them.

Illiteracy is another cause of an increase in population. Low literacy rate leads to traditional, superstitious, and ignorant people. Educated people are well aware of birth control methods. 

Family planning, welfare programs, and policies have not fetched the desired result. The increase in population is putting tremendous pressure on the limited infrastructure and negating the progress of any country.

The superstitious people mainly from rural places think that having a male child would give them prosperity and so there is considerable pressure on the parents to produce children till a male child is born. This leads to population growth in underdeveloped countries like India, Bangladesh. 

Poverty is another main reason for this. Poor people believe that the more people in the family, the more will be the number of persons to earn bread. Hence it contributes to the increase in population. 

Continuous illegal migration of people from neighbouring countries leads to a rise in the population density in the countries. 

Religion sentiment is another cause of the population explosion. Some orthodox communities believe that any mandate or statutory method of prohibition is sacrilegious. 

Impact Due to Population 

The growth of the population has a major impact on the living standards of people. Overpopulation across the world may create more demand for freshwater supply and this has become a major issue because Earth has only 3% of freshwater. 

The natural resources of Earth are getting depleted because of the exponential growth of the population. These resources cannot be replenished so easily. If there is no check on the growth of population then there will be a day in the next few years when these natural resources will run out completely. 

There is a huge impact on the climatic conditions because of the growth of the population. Human activities are responsible for changing global temperature. 

Impact of Overpopulation on Earth’s Environment

The Earth's current population is almost 7.6 billion people, and it is expanding. It is expected to surpass 8 billion people by 2025, 9 billion by 2040, and 11 billion by 2100. The population is quickly increasing, far surpassing our planet's ability to maintain it, given existing habits.

Overpopulation is linked to a variety of detrimental environmental and economic consequences, including over-farming, deforestation, and water pollution, as well as eutrophication and global warming. Although many incredible things are being done to increase human sustainability on our planet, the problem of too many people has made long-term solutions more difficult to come across.

Overpopulation is mostly due to trends that began with a rise in birth rates in the mid-twentieth century. Migration can also result in overcrowding in certain areas. Surprisingly, an area's overcrowding may arise without a net increase in population. It can happen when a population with an export-oriented economy outgrows its carrying capacity and migratory patterns remain stable. "Demographic entrapment" has been coined to describe this situation.

Some Major Effects of the High Population are as Follows

The rapid growth of the population has caused major effects on our planet. 

The rapidly growing population in the world has led to the problem of food scarcity and heavy pressure on land resources. 

Generating employment opportunities in vastly populated countries is very difficult. 

The development of infrastructural facilities is not able to cope up with the pace of a growing population. So facilities like transportation, communication, housing, education, and healthcare are becoming inadequate to provide provision to the people. 

The increasing population leads to unequal distribution of income and inequalities among the people widened.

There will be a large proportion of unproductive consumers due to overpopulation. 

Economic development is bound to be slower in developing countries in which the population is growing at a very fast rate. This also leads to low capital formation. Overpopulation makes it difficult to implement policies. 

When there is rapid growth in a country then the government of that country is required to provide the minimum facilities for the people for their comfortable living. Hence, it has to increase housing, education, public health, communication and other facilities that will increase the cost of the social overheads.

Rapid population growth is also an indication of the wastage of natural resources. 

Preventive Measures

To tackle this problem, the government of developing countries needs to take corrective measures. The entire development of the country depends on how effectively the population explosion is stemmed. 

The government and various NGOs should raise awareness about family planning and welfare. Awareness about the use of contraceptive pills and family planning methods should be generated. 

The health care centres in developing and under-developed countries should help the poor people with the free distribution of contraceptives and encourage the control of the number of children. 

The governments of developing countries should come forward to empower women and improve the status of women and girls. People in rural places should be educated and modern amenities should be provided for recreation. 

Education plays a major role in controlling the population. People from developing countries should be educated so that they understand the implications of overpopulation.

Short Summarised Points On Population Growth

Based on the number of deaths and births, population growth might be positive or negative. 

If a country's birth rate outnumbers its death rate, the population grows, whereas more ends result in a drop.

There are 7.7 billion people on the earth, and India, with 1.3 billion people, is the second-most populous country after China.

Mumbai, the Bollywood capital, is India's most populous city, with a population of 12 billion people. Delhi, India's most populous city, comes in second with 11 billion inhabitants.

The advancement of knowledge in science, medicine, and technology has resulted in lower mortality and higher fertility, resulting in population rise.

Factors contributing to India's population expansion, such as mortality and fertility rates, child marriage, a lack of family planning, polygamy marriage, and so on, have wreaked havoc on the ecosystem.

Industrialization, deforestation, urbanisation, and unemployment have all been exacerbated by population expansion. These causes degrade our environment and contribute to societal health issues.

Pollution, global warming, climate change, natural catastrophes, and, most importantly, unemployment are all caused by the population.

To keep population increase under control, individuals must have access to education and be aware of the dangers of overpopulation.

The government must raise public awareness about illiteracy and educate individuals about the need for birth control and family planning.

Overpopulation may lead to many issues like depletion of natural resources, environmental pollution and degradation and loss of surroundings.  All countries must take immediate steps to control and manage human population growth.


FAQs on Population Growth Essay

1. What Do You Mean By Population Growth and How is it a Threat to the World?

Population growth refers to the rapid increase in the number of people in an area. It is a threat to the world because the world’s resources are limited and it cannot support a population beyond a certain limit.

2. What are the factors of Population Exponential Growth?

The factors for the exponential growth of the population are illegal migration from other countries, illiteracy, lack of awareness of contraceptive methods, poverty, lack of basic amenities, religious sentiments and superstitions. 

3. What steps should India take to reign in population growth?

Family planning and welfare must be made more widely known by the Indian government. Women and girls should be given more power. Free contraceptives should be distributed and people should be educated at health care centres. In schools and colleges, sex education should be required. Some more points to ponder are given below:

1. Social Actions

The minimum age for marriage is 18 years old.

Increasing women's status

Adoption of Social Security and the Spread of Education

2. Economic Interventions

Increased job opportunities

Providing financial incentives

3. Additional Measures

Medical Services

Legislative Initiatives

Recreational Resources

Increasing public awareness

4. What Impact Does Overpopulation Have on Our Planet?

Overpopulation is linked to a variety of detrimental environmental and economic consequences, including over-farming, deforestation, and water pollution, as well as eutrophication and global warming. Although many incredible things are being done to increase human sustainability on our planet, the problem of too many people has made long-term solutions more difficult to come across. Because of the exponential rise of the human population, the Earth's natural resources are depleting. Overpopulation has a significant impact on climatic conditions. The fluctuating global temperature is due to human activity.

5. What are the impacts on the population?

The influence of population expansion on people's living conditions is significant. Overpopulation around the world may increase demand for freshwater, which has become a big issue given that the Earth only possesses 3% freshwater. Because of the exponential rise of the human population, the Earth's natural resources are depleting. These materials are not easily replenished. If population growth is not slowed, these natural resources will run out altogether in the next several years. The population explosion has had a significant impact on climatic conditions. The fluctuating global temperature is due to global warming and needs to be regulated immediately as glaciers have already started melting and global temperature is rising at an alarming rate.

research essay on population growth

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Rural America at a Glance: 2023 Edition

by James C. Davis , John Cromartie , Tracey Farrigan , Brandon Genetin , Austin Sanders , and Justin B. Winikoff

After a decade of overall loss, the U.S. rural population is growing again, with growth of approximately a quarter percent from 2020 to 2022. The rural population is also experiencing declines in poverty, with 9.7 percent fewer nonmetro counties in 2021 experiencing persistent poverty compared with a decade earlier. Still, more than half of extremely low-income nonmetro renter households experienced housing insecurity. The 2023 edition of Rural America at a Glance examines rural population and migration trends, poverty, housing insecurity, unemployment, and clean energy jobs. It finds that rural employment levels and annual growth rates have nearly returned to levels seen prior to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Keywords: Rural America, rural, population, migration, rural poverty, nonmetropolitan, enduring poverty, housing insecurity, employment, clean energy jobs, rural population, migration trends

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Population Growth Essay Writing Guide

Essay paper writing

Academic writing

research essay on population growth

Working on a population essay or research paper? We understand the struggle. Therefore, we have prepared the list of the greatest topics for you to choose from as well as useful tips that will help you submit an impeccable work.

Population essay topics

  • Essay on the principle of population
  • Essay on population definition
  • Population genetics essay
  • 21 st century global population essay
  • Population development essay
  • Essay on the history of population growth
  • Essay on population crisis
  • Agricultural revolution and population growth essay
  • Short essay on world population becoming smarter
  • Aging population opinion essay
  • Essay on population explosion
  • Essay about population problem in Asia
  • Relationship between national wealth and population health essay
  • Population and environment essay
  • Essay on increasing population
  • Cause and effect essay on population growth: What is the reason of current overpopulation issue?
  • Importance of population education essay
  • Effective means of population control essay
  • Population control argumentative essay
  • Can we solve overpopulation problems essay
  • Effect of population on environment essay
  • How to control population essay

statistics of population research paper

Tips for writing an essay on population

  • Make an outline. Once you do your research, create a well-detailed plan where you include all the essential points and ideas for each paragraph of your paper. You can use the example from the section below and build on it with the information you have found.  
  • Research carefully. Try using Google Scholar to search for articles and books on the topic if you have hard times determining which sources are credible.  
  • Don’t fake your references or just copy information. Nowadays, there are various tools for checking works for plagiarism. Therefore, do not put your academic reputation at risk – use real sources and your own words when describing what the author was writing about.
  • Mind your language. Of course, an essay is not a scientific article for a reputable journal, but you still need to be very careful with the word choice. Contractions or slang would not be appropriate here.
  • Provide specific examples and numbers where applicable. For instance, essay writing on population explosion would require you to indicate where, when, and how many people were born in certain time periods and why it happened.
  • Proofread your writing. This will help you to avoid submitting a work full of mistakes, which will inevitably lower your mark.

Essay outline

  • Introduction.

Start with a hook phrase, which can be a question, a quote, or just an interesting fact. After that, write a few sentences explaining why your topic is important and necessary to research. The main point of an essay on population should be clearly stated in the last sentence of the paper – a thesis statement. Give a brief overview of the points you are going to discuss but do not go into the details – you will be able to do it in the body of the work.

Depending on the word limit set for the assignment, the body of your paper might be divided into a few sections with distinct headings. Each section or paragraph should start with the introduction of the idea you are going to discuss. Next, you will have to provide some factual information to support it, and explain your own opinion if applicable. In the end, it would be necessary to sum up what you have discussed and transition into the next paragraph.

  • Population essay conclusion.

In the final paragraph, restate the thesis and the main ideas that were reviewed in the body of the paper. You cannot introduce any new facts in the conclusion – only synthesize what has already been discussed. Finish your essay by proving that you have accomplished the purpose of writing the paper or leave the reader with some idea to think about further.

Population research paper topics

  • Research paper about homelessness population
  • Aging population research paper
  • Religion and overpopulation
  • Human population growth research paper
  • Birth control and women’s human rights
  • The impact of overpopulation on the wildlife
  • India population crisis
  • The impact of overpopulation on the environment
  • Bangladesh population crisis
  • Population, migration, and urbanization
  • Global warming and overpopulation: Where is the link?
  • The issue of food and water shortage
  • Statistics of population changes research paper
  • The effects of population growth on the economy

Writing a research paper

  • Choose a narrow topic. It is rather hard to write a research paper about population in general, as the topic is really vast. Instead, you may concentrate on some population issues, trends, or other more specific topics, which can be studied thoroughly.
  • Be careful with citations. In your research paper, you will need to include and cite a lot of information. Learn how to do it according to the style you stick to and cite all factual data taken from other sources.
  • Check a few good population research paper examples. If it is hard for you to visualize how your research paper should look like, find a few sample works. Pay attention to how the text is outlined, what information is cited, how transitions are used, and how the info is presented in general. Try to find research paper examples about population control, overpopulation crisis, shortage of resources, and other related topics to understand what points might work for your own paper.
  • Develop a strong thesis statement. It should be short, to-the-point, and consistent. You have to summarize your main claim in one or two sentences in such a way that it will be clear and interesting for your audience.
  • Avoid filler phrases. “In conclusion,” “needless to say,” and all the other parenthetic words do not bring any value to your writing. Instead, try to come up with meaningful transitions to move from one paragraph to another one smoothly.

Research paper outline

  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Literature review
  • Results/Findings

You may also be asked to add an abstract before the intro to give your readers a quick overview of the paper. Depending on the length of the text, it might be necessary to add a table of contents to guide your audience on where to find certain information. If there are some figures that you wanted to include in the paper but they take too much space, you can refer to them in the text but insert them into the appendices section after the reference page.

an essay on the principle of population

Research questions about population

Here are some of the research paper questions about population that you may choose to answer in your paper:

  • What are the major negative consequences of overpopulation?
  • Why some countries are overpopulated while others are underpopulated?
  • How fast is the population increasing today compared to in the past?
  • What factors influence current population trends?
  • What may the population trends be in 50 years?
  • Are we on the verge of food and water shortage?
  • Is population growth still an issue?
  • How many people can Earth support?
  • Why should we be concerned about current population growth rates?
  • Is religion an obstacle to population stabilization?

Facts for a research paper or essay on population

  • In general, more than 107 billion people were born in the history of humanity. Thus, 6.5% of all people born in the history of humankind live on Earth today.
  • In 2009, for the first time in history, an urban population was equal to a rural one amounting to 3.4 billion people. It is expected that in the future, an increasing part of the world population will be represented by citizens (that is, the urban population will continue to grow faster than the world population as a whole), which is confirmed by the latest data.
  • In 2010, about 60% of the world’s population lived in Asia, 15.5% - in Africa, and 10.4% - in Europe. In 2050, according to the UN forecast, more than half of the world’s population will live in Asia, 25% in Africa, 8.2% in Latin America, 7.4% in Europe, and 4.7% in North America.
  • The largest state in terms of population is China. After 2025, India is likely to become a leader. Until 1991, USSR had the third-largest population. After its disintegration, the US took its place. Indonesia and Brazil occupy the fourth and fifth places. Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria, and Russia occupy the sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth places, respectively.
  • As the UN report indicates, by the end of this century, the world’s population will be more than two times higher in comparison with 2011 and will reach 15 billion people.
  • The current population of the planet has doubled since the 1960s. This process is caused by the improvement of the quality of medical care and medical products as well as high fertility in the countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. In addition, a certain role was played by the reduction of infant mortality and the increase in life expectancy on all continents of the planet.
  • Some experts question the figure of 15 billion inhabitants by the year 2100 proposed by the UN. They are convinced that the population will not reach such a catastrophic scale if appropriate measures are taken.
  • The author of the first essay on population was a popular economist Thomas Robert Malthus. His main work, An Essay on the Principle of Population, played a remarkable role in the development of economic science and demography.
  • In the mid-60s of the 20th century, humanity first paid attention to the problem of overpopulation and the depletion of resources. The community of the world’s largest businessmen, politicians, and public figures, united by the idea of ​​ preserving the natural environment on Earth have created a so-called Club of Rome. This initiated a large-scale research to find ways to curb the crisis.

population growth essay

Environmental issues

While writing an essay on the ecological effects of increased population, you may describe the current state of things:

  • The situation in the field of renewable resources deteriorates. Scientists warn that very soon, we will experience a water, wood, fish shortage, as well as reduced soil fertility.
  • Waste products accumulate and pollute the environment.
  • More investment, energy, materials, and labor costs are required to eliminate the negative consequences of using resources, e.g., for sewage treatment, irrigation control, air purification, etc.
  • A significant part of the capital, raw materials, energy resources, and labor costs is spent on solving the tasks of the defense industry.
  • Investments in human resources decline, and the situation with education and healthcare deteriorates.
  • The balance between the use of raw materials, energy resources, and the process of environmental pollution is disturbed.

Problem of population aging

  • According to the UN, during 1994-2014, the number of people over 60 years has doubled. In 2014, the number of older adults in the world exceeded the number of children under the age of five.
  • Now, in 15 EU countries, above 15% of citizens are at the age of 65 years and higher. The youngest country is Ireland (11.5%), and the oldest one is Sweden (17.5%). However, during the coming decades, the gap will decrease. The elderly group will be joined by generations born during the baby boom period (1946-1964).
  • Compared to Western European countries, the United States is a younger state: there are less than 13% of people over 65 years old.
  • The causes of population aging are ambiguous. On the one hand, there is a decline in the birth rate, which leads to a smaller number of children and young people, and on the other hand, there is an increase in life expectancy.
  • From 1960 to 1990, the number of people of age above 80 years has grown in the EU countries from 5 to 12 million people, that is, by 140%.
  • Medical care for the elderly involves additional funding, expanding the network of medical, gerontological institutions, and qualitative restructuring of the health care system.
  • The employment of the elderly population and provision of working places for young seniors are required. It is also important to maintain an active life position of the elderly, involve them in public life, and fight against loneliness.

problem of population aging

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Overview of The Issue of World Population Growth

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research essay on population growth

Population Growth Research Paper

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View sample population growth research paper. Browse other  research paper examples and check the list of history research paper topics for more inspiration. If you need a history research paper written according to all the academic standards, you can always turn to our experienced writers for help. This is how your paper can get an A! Feel free to contact our custom writing service for professional assistance. We offer high-quality assignments for reasonable rates.

As a species, humans have shown a unique capacity to adapt to their environments in ways that allow them to utilize resources from their surroundings. Thus, throughout human history, long-term population growth has stimulated change, but the demographic trends have themselves been affected by technological innovations, climatic patterns, the actions of states, and the spread of disease.

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When seen over large time scales, population growth is one of the most striking features of human history. One hundred thousand years ago, there may have been just a few tens of thousands of humans on Earth. Today, there are more than 6 billion, and they can be found on all continents on Earth (even on Antarctica). No other large animal has multiplied like this (though domesticated species and fellow travelers from rabbits to sheep, from rats to cockroaches, have multiplied, as it were, in the slipstream of humans). So population growth counts as one of the fundamental distinguishing features of human history. Humans have multiplied in this way because they are more innovative than other animals. As a species, humans have shown a unique capacity to adapt to their environments in novel ways that allow them to extract more energy and resources from their surroundings. The source of this capacity for ecological innovation lies within human culture, in the ability, unique to humans, to share and therefore preserve, store, and accumulate learned information generation by generation. Population increase is a natural consequence of this ability, for the constant sharing and accumulation of knowledge has enabled humans to find new ways of exploiting their environments, so that, unlike other species, they can move well beyond the environments in which they first evolved. Over time, humans have learned to transform their environments in order to exploit them more effectively. As a result of their unique capacity for innovation, humans have managed to feed, clothe, and house increasing numbers of their own species.

Paleolithic Migration and Early Agriculture

Population increase is apparent even in the Paleolithic (foraging) era, though in this era it mainly took the form of a slow but accelerating capacity to migrate into new environments. Humans probably evolved in the savanna lands of southern and eastern Africa, and for all but the last ten thousand years, we have lived as foragers. But the variety of foraging techniques used by humans clearly increased over time. Archaeological evidence suggests that even 100,000 years ago, humans were exploring new environments—in arid regions, for example, or near seashores or in tropical forests (McBrearty and Brooks 2000, 493–494, 530). Then, from about 100,000 years ago, humans began to migrate out of Africa. They appeared in the very different environments of Australia (from perhaps fifty thousand years ago), ice age Siberia (perhaps thirty thousand years ago), and finally the Americas (from at least thirteen thousand years ago). Though we have no direct evidence, we can be sure that these migrations meant an increase in the total number of humans. This remains true even though each particular community remained small, so that contemporaries could hardly be aware that human numbers were increasing.

From about ten thousand years ago, as the last ice age was ending, agricultural communities appeared in different parts of the world. Agriculture quickened population growth. Current estimates suggest that there may have been 5 to 10 million humans ten thousand years ago; 50 million five thousand years ago; and 250 million just one thousand years ago. Agriculture stimulated population growth in many ways. Nomadic foragers have a limited ability to increase production from a given area, so they have powerful reasons to limit the number of children too young to walk or forage on their own, and to limit the numbers trying to feed from a given area. Modern anthropological studies suggest that foragers have many ways of limiting population growth, including prolonged breast feeding and even infanticide. But agriculturalists are normally sedentary, so transporting young children is not such a problem. Furthermore agriculture makes it possible to increase the amount of food produced within a given area, so it is possible to accommodate population increase even without migrating to new lands. Perhaps even more important, for farming households in most pre-modern agricultural communities it was important to have lots of children because this increased the available labor. In a world of high death rates (commonly in pre-modern agricultural societies, up to 20 percent of infants died in their first year, and another 30 percent before their fifth birthday), the best way of maximizing the number of children surviving to adulthood was to have as many children as possible. Such behavior, and the increased resources available within agrarian societies, ensured that populations would grow much faster than in the Paleolithic era.

As in the Paleolithic era, population growth led to migrations, and as farmers migrated they helped spread agriculture around the world. But migration was not the only option, for farmers, unlike foragers, could also create larger and more densely settled communities. Eventually, “intensification” of this kind led to the emergence of communities large enough and complicated enough to be called cities. Seeing these long-term trends was not always easy at the time, because local population gains could easily be wiped out by famines or epidemics. So, to contemporaries, cycles of growth and decline were more apparent than the long-term trend toward growth. Indeed, these cycles provide the central idea of Thomas Malthus (1766–1834), the founder of modern demographic studies: that population growth would always end up exceeding productive capacity so that periodic population crashes were inevitable.

Industrial and Scientific Innovation

In the last thousand years, population growth has accelerated once again as the global human population has risen from 250 million one thousand years ago, to 950 million two hundred years ago, and about 6.8 billion in 2010. There are many specific causes for population increase in given instances, but once again, the most general explanation for this increase is that increasing rates of innovation have allowed humans to produce the food and resources needed to support rapid population growth. Death rates fell in many parts of the world in the last two centuries, partly because of the spread of new crops and improved knowledge about basic sanitation. In the twentieth century, scientific medicine and the introduction of antibiotics have reduced death rates throughout the world. But despite such advances, populations could not have continued to rise if it had not been for the burst of innovation we associate with the industrial revolution, which provided the energy, the resources, and the techniques needed to feed, clothe, and supply the rapidly increasing populations of the modern era. Some of the most important new technologies included improved forms of irrigation, the introduction of artificial fertilizers and pesticides, the use of fossil fuels in agriculture, and the breeding of new and more productive varieties of major food crops such as rice and maize. Equally important was the huge increase in available energy supplies made possible by the fossil fuels revolution.

Today we may be in the middle of a new transition, often referred to as the “demographic transition.” Evidence has been accumulating, in some regions for more than a century or two, that as death rates fall and humans become more affluent, more urbanized, and better educated, they have fewer children. By 2000, there was no net population growth in more than thirty of the world’s more affluent countries. This trend seems to mark a return to a regime of systematic population limitation, like that of the Paleolithic era.

Population Growth as a Historical Force

Although population growth has been a consequence of innovation, it has also shaped human history in profound ways. The size and density of populations can have a profound effect on rates of innovation, as well as on the structure of society, the power of states, the spread of disease, the health of commerce, and the availability of labor. The following are some of the major types of change in which population growth plays a significant role.

We have seen already that population growth can stimulate migration by causing localized overpopulation. Such migration, in its turn, has been one of the major causes of the spread of agricultural communities throughout the world. The rough calculations of the political scientist Rein Taagepera suggest that the area of the inhabited Earth within agrarian civilizations (a very rough measure of the area dominated by farming) grew from 0.2 percent some five thousand years ago to about 13 percent two thousand years ago, and perhaps 33 percent just three hundred years ago (Christian 2004, 305). While population growth was often the primary trigger for migrations of farmers into new regions, states often backed such migrations because their own fortunes depended on the size of the tax-paying populations under their control. State-backed migrations of this kind have been particularly spectacular in recent centuries as imperial states such as Russia, China, Spain, and Great Britain backed migrations of farmers into previously unfarmed lands in Siberia, Asia, the Americas, and Australasia.

Population growth has been one of the main drivers of increasing social complexity. There is little evidence for significant increases in the size or complexity of human communities until very late in the Paleolithic era. But human societies began to change significantly as soon as population densities started to rise with the appearance of agriculture. Larger, denser communities could no longer be organized through the informal kinship structures that worked well enough in foraging communities, most of which consisted of just a handful of people. Once hundreds or even thousands of people began to live together in villages and towns, new types of social coordination became necessary to limit conflict, organize worship, and organize collective activities such as defense, or the maintenance of irrigation systems. Eventually larger communities, supported by more productive technologies, allowed for the beginnings of specialization. No longer was everyone a farmer; so specialists had to buy their food and other necessities through markets, which had to be regulated and protected. Cities required even more sophisticated forms of coordination to manage refuse collection and maintain water quality, and for defense. The earliest states appeared, in part, to take over the new organizational tasks that emerged within dense communities; but their power also reflected the large numbers of people they controlled and taxed. In the last two hundred years, population growth has created new and even more complex human communities, so that modern states have had to acquire new administrative and technological skills to manage, tax, and coordinate the activities of many millions of people. All in all, increasing population density counts as one of the main drivers of social complexity in human history.

Population growth and the human migrations that resulted from it have also been a major cause of ecological degradation in human history. There is increasing evidence that this was true even in the Paleolithic era as communities of foragers developed technologies that had a significant impact on their environments. It seems likely that the arrival of humans led to the extinction of many species of large animals, particularly in Australia, Siberia, and the Americas. In Australia and the Americas, it is possible that 70 to 80 percent of all mammal species over 44 kilograms in weight were driven to extinction after the arrival of humans (Christian 2004, 200). But the slow spread of agrarian communities during the last ten thousand years has had a much more profound impact on the environment. Above all, it led to deforestation as farmers moved into forested zones, clearing trees as they went, at first temporarily and then more permanently. Overpopulation and overfarming occasionally caused regional breakdowns in production and the abrupt decline of entire regions. At the end of the third millennium BCE, the populations of Mesopotamia, which lived mainly from sophisticated forms of irrigation farming, collapsed. The cause was probably over-irrigation leading to salinity, which undermined the productivity of the soil. The sudden decline of Mayan civilization at the end of the eighth century CE may also have been caused by overexploitation of fragile environments, leading to an abrupt decline in the fertility of the land.

Finally, though population growth has been a consequence of the human capacity for constant innovation, it can in its turn stimulate innovation by providing new markets and new incentives to increase productivity, and by increasing the number of people contributing to the pool of new ideas. Ester Boserup (1981), a scholar well known for her theories on economic and agricultural development, was a strong supporter of the view that population growth can stimulate innovation, particularly in agriculture. Yet it is clear that such arguments should not be overstated, for there have been all too many instances (some of which are listed above) when overpopulation did not generate new and more productive technologies, but led to social, economic, and demographic collapse. There seems to be a feedback loop between innovation and population growth. But it is not entirely clear which side of this feedback loop is most powerful, and the answer may vary from place to place. Was population growth a cause or a consequence of change? Theorists and governments have been divided on the issue, sometimes arguing for measures to support population growth, sometimes seeing overpopulation as a prelude to decline.

The debate has raged most furiously in discussions about the Industrial Revolution. Was population growth a cause or a consequence of innovation? There is no doubt that populations were growing rapidly in the eighteenth century in much of the world, or that population growth stimulated innovation by providing cheap labor and expanding markets for food and other basic necessities. Furthermore, in Britain growing populations increased the demand for fuel, which highlighted the shortage of wood and stimulated increasing use of coal, thereby encouraging the fundamental innovations (above all the steam engine) that led to increased use of fossil fuels. Yet it is also possible to argue that innovations in agriculture industry and commerce in turn led to further population growth. Global population growth was caused in part by the exchange of crops, animal species, and human migrants between Eurasia and the Americas (though the exchange of diseases between the continents caused a sharp decline in populations in the Americas). It has also been suggested that in many areas, both in Europe and elsewhere, the spread of new, commercialized forms of production and employment in rural areas (proto-industrialization) may have enabled young couples to create families at an even younger age, whereas previously they might have had to wait until enough land became available to set up a new household and start producing children. Population growth was also caused in part by an increase in the areas being farmed or exploited in new ways, both within major states and in newly colonized regions, usually with the backing of governments. All these factors—the emergence of global markets, the search for new resources with state backing, and the emergence of more industrialized forms of production in rural areas—may have stimulated population growth in the early modern period. In the nineteenth century, the industrial revolution itself stimulated population growth in new ways. New forms of sanitation reduced mortality rates, and artificial fertilizers increased food supplies. Eventually, modern scientific medicines and the spread of knowledge about sanitation helped drastically reduce mortality rates around the world.

Such discussions show that, however necessary it may be to separate out factors such as population growth as causes of historical change, it is always somewhat artificial to do so. The very notion of “engines of growth” is little more than a crude way of trying to clarify the relative importance of different causes of change. Throughout human history, long-term population growth has stimulated change; but the long demographic trends have themselves been shaped by technological innovations, climatic patterns, the actions of states, and the spread of disease, in a complex feedback cycle that needs to be analyzed instance by instance.


  • Anderson, J. L (1991). Explaining long-term economic change. Basingstoke, U.K.: Macmillan.
  • Boserup, E. (1981). Population and technological change. Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell.
  • Christian, D. (2004). Maps of time: An introduction to big history. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Cohen, M. (1977). The food crisis in prehistory. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Cohen, M. (1989). Health and the rise of civilization. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Livi-Bacci, M. (1992). A concise history of world population. Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell.
  • McBrearty, S., & Brooks, A. S. (2000). The revolution that wasn’t: A new interpretation of the origin of modern human behavior. Journal of Human Evolution, 39, 453–563.
  • McEvedy, C., & Jones, R. (1978). Atlas of world population history. Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin.


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  • Global Population Issues and Population in the UAE The natural resources will face exhaustion due to the great pressure of the population. Consequently, the governments of these countries will be forced to take measures to drive the fertility rates up to cover up […]
  • Causes of Technological and Economic Growth by Ester Boserup in Population and Technology and by Lewis Mumford in The Myth of Machine: Technics and Human Development The author claims that the period and timeframe necessary for realisation of some knowledge and its application in life can be predicted with the help of analysis of population density, population growth, and the growth […]
  • Effects of the Columbia River dams on salmon population The construction of the Bonneville and the Grand Coulee were initiated in late in the 1930s and this was followed by a marked increase in the number of dams and their storage volumes in Oregon, […]
  • The Rapid Population Growth Causes and Effect A significant note to be taken concerning overpopulation is that it does not just refer to the density of the population, but it is a comparison of the density as a ratio of resources.
  • Human Population and the Environment The fertility rate of a given species will depend on the life history characteristics of the species such as the number of reproductive periods in the lifetime of the species and the number of offspring […]
  • History of the English Population during the 19th Century While various critiques may state that Malthusian pessimism was proven wrong in the 19th century wherein instead of starvation massive migrations took place the fact remains that it is logical to assume that a closed […]
  • The Worrying Population Statistics This implies that the United Nations amiss’ the population estimation “of 28 million, which is more that all people in Saudi Arabia”.
  • The St. Croix Chippewa Ojibwa Indians and the Somali Population In the Ojibwa’s religion, the earth is believed to be the mother, the sky the father, the sun the grandfather and the moon the grandmother.
  • The Problem of Population Aging in the US Given that the retirement age is the determinant of labour force participation, increased retirement age would significantly reverse economic crisis due to population aging.
  • Fluoride and Mercury – The Dumbing Down of our Population Thus, the government should ensure that it assesses the level of national security and public safety in relation to environmental conservation.
  • The Cause and Effect of the Growing Population The paper examines the causes and effects of population growth in human beings. On the other hand, building manufacturing industries change the ecosystem of a given place, in addition to air and water pollution.
  • Effects of Population Density Engineering controls are practices and methods put in place in order to reduce the amount of noise released to the people working or living in a specific environment.
  • Recent population trends and their impact on cities and suburbs And, as demographical statistics show, it is namely the talent in making babies, on the part of people from Third World countries, which accounted by 85% of world’s population growth in the second half of […]
  • Understanding Alzheimer’s Disease among Older Population After the 65 years, it has been found that the probability of developing Alzheimer’s disease doubles after every 5 years and as a result, by the age of 85 years, the risk of acquiring the […]
  • Environmental Controversy: Population Growth and Soil Fertility It is possible to predict that the developing countries with the population who have low income will suffer the most people will not be able to buy food for prices that will grow because of […]
  • High Population Growth This paper investigates the causes of high population growth, determines the consequences of high population growth, suggests policy approaches that can be used to contain high population growth and examines the effectiveness of policies employed […]
  • Jonathan Kozol: America’s Poor Population in “Amazing Grace” Ann’s church are said to be the poorest in America, the pastor to this church was interviewed by Kozol and he mentioned that he had visited different parts of America and according to him this […]
  • Reasons Why the Black Women Population Did Not Consider Themselves a Part of the Ongoing Feminist Movements From the research question, I intend to explore the gender ideology of the Black Power Movement, the participation of women, the effect of the fight against racism together with an increased level of race consciousness […]
  • Ageing Population will affect Countries in the Future The projected increase of the aging population in many countries over the next 40 years will have an exceptional effect on the countries’ health care facilities, particularly in line with distribution and needs for health […]
  • Population Demographics: Hungary The comparison of Hungary to the rest of the world based on the population growth rate shows that the country is ranked 206.
  • Population Health Assessment: The African Americans in Brooklyn The local authorities and the police represent the arm of the government in this community. The minority group in this community is the Hispanics who represent 10% of the entire population.
  • The Hispanic Population in the United States The Hispanic population represents the largest minority group in the United States. Around one half of Hispanic residents in the United States were born in a foreign country.
  • Examination of a Global Population Issue Economic Issues The economy of South Africa is one of the fastest developing economies in the world. Being the only African country which is a member of the G-20, this country has been seen to […]
  • The Aging Population Impacts on labour Impacts on healthcare Impacts on government spending The increase in the proportion of the people who are old leads to a decrease of the number of people who are within the working […]
  • Consequences of an Older Population According to Kinsella, Kevin and Wan, “the shift in age structure in relation to population aging has a profound impact on a range of economic, political and social process for example; the intergenerational of social […]
  • The East African Market: Population Demographics and Economic Segments This report examines the variables in detail in relation to the region and how Teejays can use them to segment the market as it plots to make its initial entry into the market.
  • Human Population and Global Resources Specifically, the essay shall explore the impact of increased population on natural resources, energy availability, food production, and the environment. A rapid increase in population has overstretched our natural resources and at the same time, […]
  • Population Growth and the Distribution of Human Populations to Effects on the Environment Again, distribution of food among the world’s population is dependent on a population’s food demand, economic status and available food production resources.
  • The Negative Effects of the Rapid Increase in Human Population in the World To begin with, increase in human population has negatively affected natural resources in various parts of the world. The rapid increase in human population has led to increased industrial production in nearly all countries.
  • Exponential Population Growth: It Is a Small World, After All Since religious controversies often stand in the way of adopting birth-controlling strategies, which results in a number of people living beyond the poverty line, a reasonable compromise between the state policy on birth control and […]
  • Current and future population problems in Pakistan This paper investigates the population problem in Pakistan by suggesting the possible reasons for the current population trends, the effects they have on the country, possible solutions to the prevailing population problems and future predictions […]
  • Current issues in global business: effects of population trends and the over aging of many western countries With information from current resources like magazines and journals published in March 2011 and current books, the paper will discuss economic impacts of the population trend and the over-aging of the western countries on the […]
  • Discrimination of certain categories of the population Amongst the many social forces that orient the society to behave in a particular way, gender has played a substantial contribution to the manner in which responsibilities were shared since the onset of the human […]
  • The Planning Action to Bring Water to the Town Population It is usually the responsibility of the government as the custodian of the public good to ensure through the council that basic needs such as water are provided to people.
  • Problems in Elderly Population in Modern World Stressed people are more likely to suffer from diabetes especially in the old age: the state and equilibrium of insulin in a human being has an effect on how the person old age is likely […]
  • The Civil Rights Movement: Oppressing the Black Population In response, the black citizen resorted to fighting for his rights; thus, the rise of the civil rights movement. In conclusion, these key events helped to reinforce the African American struggle for equal right rights, […]
  • Population Pyramids: UK, Indonesia, and Ethiopia The current population of a country is a product of the past trends in the population of the county under investigation.
  • Population Growth and Its Impacts on the Environment High population growth is destructive to the society and the environment. In the US and Germany, the rate of population growth is estimated to be 0.
  • United States Population Growth In connection to the Latin American immigrants, the census conducted by the Census Bureau in 2008-2009 established that in terms of birth rate, the number of children born in the United States belonging to the […]
  • Definition of Alcohol Misuse (Alcohol Abuse and Addiction) in Youth Population Age 18-29 Analyzing the article of Jiang, it is possible to define the alcohol misuse simply as the excessive consumption of alcohol where a number of the young drinkers is higher than any other group of age […]
  • The Effects of Population Density and Noise Through the years, the noise has always been in the increase due to the fact that the population of people in urban areas is in the increase.
  • Valid and Invalid Application of BDI in a Population The Beck Depression Inventory II score can be used to evaluate depression in a population and to determine the degree of depression.
  • Effects of Man on Wild Salmon Population However, the problem that most of ecologists have found difficult to decide lies in coming up with the appropriate processes that outline the variability in the fish population abundances.
  • Macroeconomic policy about population growth Below is a list of twenty developing countries whose population growth was high in the 1960’s and 1970’s and declined at the beginning of the 21st century; Population growth rate GDP per capita Argentina 1 […]
  • Aging Population in Singapore In light of the abovementioned demographic trends, it is imperative that the government put in place strategies and programmes to address isolation and depression facing the ageing populations.
  • Population and Sustainability In the UN 1994 strategy, the role of women in developing nations was to be changed. If the current rate of population growth in developing nations continues uninterrupted, the food produced will not be enough […]
  • Review of Journal: China’s Floating Population To highlight the significant shifts in social and economic infrastructure in country, the author provides a chronological division of the material.
  • Social Media amongst the Student Population For the purpose of this report, there is also a discussion of some of the changes that have been observed in the past five years regarding the way students receive information and news.
  • Supporting of Marijuana Legalization Among the Adult Population Proponents argue that legalization of marijuana will lead to increased revenues for the government amid economic challenges. Legalizing marijuana will not lead to cancer and deaths but will spark the debate for apparent effects of […]
  • Relationship between Japanese Population in the US and Illegal Immigrants In the recent years, there have been several mixed reactions on the effect of the increase in the population of the Japanese and other foreign born to the growing number of illegal immigrants in the […]
  • Population Ageing in Canada Population ageing refers to the aspect of a society in which the number of the elderly people past the retirement age is continually increasing with respect to the total population.
  • Population Growth Control From a perspective of political economy, control of the population is a matter that is in the sphere of women, and thus they deserve to have right to their sexuality and reproduction.
  • Social Perspectives in Population Health The World Health Organization defines public health as the art and science of preventing the occurrence or recurrence of diseases through the organized efforts of health care organizations, improving the health of societies and prolonging […]
  • Population Density in General It helps in monitoring and evaluation of population and social trends within society. Population growth will manifest in various cultural and social aspects that determine existence and propagation of population trends.
  • Relationship between Population and Economic Growth Consequently, Solow argues that the rate of population growth will be equal to the rate of economic growth in steady states.
  • Public Health in Culturally Diverse Population This paper offers brief discussion of the health issues affecting the Australian indigenous people who are known as the aborigines. It should be understood that this segment of the Australian population hardly receives the full […]
  • Problems of Population Growth in China The country’s rapidly growing economy and its demographics are a proof that China will be in the global spotlight for years.
  • European Colonization Impacts on the Native American Population An examination of various historical accounts from the 15th to 19th century show that the Native American population was adversely affected by the arrival of European settlers due to various conflicts that arose and the […]
  • Healthcare in Saudi Arabia and the High Population Growth Rate Considering the fact that the dynamics of attaining organizational success have changed from financial capital to labor, the success of the KSA healthcare sector in providing services will depend on the expertise, knowledge, and level […]
  • Latino Population: Heterogeneity, Migration, Acculturation and Health The pay for the working class should be improved to encourage them settle and alleviate poverty in the Latino population. The cultural orientation to various cultures should be well understood so that the practitioners can […]
  • Effects of Ageing Population as Driving Force Positive effects Negative effects An increased aging population will lead to a bigger market for goods and services associated with the elderly.
  • Intervention to Address the Need for Sex Education in an Elderly Population Interaction of sex, gender, and age in the development of psychopathology Psychopathology developments involve the study of abnormal behaviours in relation to their causes and processes that lead to their manifestations.
  • Descriptive Method Design – Sample Population This is the case in the present study since the case study that will be used can augment previous studies that have indicated pharmacotherapy treatment to be successful in treating males with erectile dysfunction and […]
  • Population Growth Impacts on the Environment Today, the fact that the population is growing steadily is the reason of the environment to change drastically. Water pollution is a direct consequence of the rapid growth of the population on the Earth.
  • The Human Population, Demographic Transition: Phase IV The high birth rate was to enhance effective labor in the fields since an increase in the population meant an increase in the labor force. In the developing countries, the CDR is high due to […]
  • Comparing the Population Growth of India and the United States In essence, the paper seeks to find out the effects of population growth in relation to human health through the comparison of population growth between the two countries.
  • Minority Population at Risk: Homelessness For example, in improving the conditions of the homeless, employers should review the employment requirements and level of competencies in order to absorb the unemployed homeless.
  • Population Increase Problem Among the positive effects is that an increase in population can lead to the supply of a population that would not have been there in the absence of rapid population growth.
  • Effects of Population Density and Noise Population density is the number of people residing in an area depending on the size of the area. Urban planning is, therefore, a vital element in ensuring a sustainable future, and safeguarding of the environment […]
  • Muslims Increase and the Spread of Islam Also, the paper will highlight the reasons that have hampered the spread of Islam in the US and in the modern world.
  • Government Issues: the Population Rate Reduction In this study, it would be interesting to determine the appropriateness of the government to encourage couples to have more children as a strategy of increasing the country’s population.
  • Role of Civilian Population in World War I Not only did the war encouraged people to join their forces in order to fight the enemy, but also affected their perception of the state’s key political processes raising political engagement rates among population, WWI […]
  • Impact of Aging Population on the US Economy Due to the advanced age of the patients in this case and the complexity of the care they require, the available caregivers will be forced to compromise the health of their patients in an attempt […]
  • Human Population Growing Major Issues These advancements have increased the number of people in the world. This development has “increased the number of people in the world”.
  • Global Population Trends The varying fertility rate in these regions is responsible for the different population growth. The next challenge is the decline in population and aging; this has been occurring in the industrialized nations.
  • The Implication of Population Demographics on Businesses Thus, the management of the business that sells fast moving goods should prepare to increase the stock of the firms to meet the rising demand.
  • Vulnerable Population in Laurel Among these organizations, include Madlyn and Leonard Abramson Center for Jewish life, which provides care giving services as well as rental care to the vulnerable in Laurel, Maryland.
  • Poor Children as a Vulnerable Population The source is credible since the author’s name is given, and the credentials of the author are given on the first page.
  • The Homeless Population Reducing The number of homeless Americans is increasing and these people, in the vast majority of cases, are also suffering from numerous diseases including HIV/AIDS, drug and alcohol abuse, various mental disorders and so on.
  • Market Revolution and Urban Population The revolution touched the lives of both the poor and the rich in these urban regions. The rich members of society benefited the most from the Market Revolution.
  • Elderly Population Loneliness Problem Hypothesis: There is a positive outcome in engaging the elderly in social activities and alleviation of loneliness among the elderly population.
  • Healthcare Issues of Elderly Population One of the most practical solutions that can be implemented with a view to the health and welfare of the elderly is choosing a suitable nursing home that is well equipped to deal with the […]
  • Global Population Innovation and Sustainability The depletion of resources at a soaring rate and the global warming has necessitated human being to adopt consumption and production habits that are sustainable and that provide adequate food for all.
  • Population Growth and the Associated Concerns This was a huge increase, especially in the light of the fact that the replenishment of natural resources consumed by the population takes ages, not to mention the fact that some resources, such as crude […]
  • Food Security and Growing Population Thus, nations have to address the problem of feeding the increasing global population amid the challenges of the production of adequate food.
  • Factors Governing Population Distribution in Canada The area covered by Canada is the largest country in the world after Russia and has the largest coastline. The Shield and the Rocky Mountains in the North have discouraged settlement in the area because […]
  • Global Population Increasing and Control Survival for the fittest hypothesis: If the population is not controlled, the natural selection aspect will work efficiently to ensure that the best species of the human race survive.
  • The Market Group of the Baby Boomer Population Such marketers have been producing a wide range of products in order to fulfill the demands of this generation. The above services and products, therefore, seek to fulfill the needs of this population.
  • Canadian Healthcare Spending on Aging Population The increase in the aging population corresponds with the increase in life expectancy in the country. In this paper, the impact of the aging population on the healthcare expenditure in Canada will be discussed.
  • Medicine: HIV/AIDS as the Key Threat for the Kenyan Population Although the issue of HIV/AIDS has been researched extensively over the past few decades, it still remains one of the key factors affecting the increase of the death toll in a range of states.
  • Research Sampling, Target Population, and Surveys The characteristic feature of the nonprobability sampling is that this type of research sampling does not include a random collection of data, in contrast to the probability sampling.
  • The Impacts of Immigrant Population on Median Income One of the main reasons behind the increase in population is the peak in the volume of immigrants moving across the border.
  • Literacy of Population in Arab Countries That is why this phenomenon can be taken as the main evidence of the problem of poverty peculiar for the majority of these states.
  • Population Literacy Skills in Arab Countries For the tables and the analysis, I chose the two years that were closer together, 2005 and 2009. First of all, after 2005 the internet actively started to win its popularity all around the world […]
  • Film Theory: Impact on Modern Population The problem is that many believe that the overall quality of films has been reducing over the years, and they are not as creative as they used to be in the past.
  • Population Growth Control and Malthus’ View on It Nevertheless, most of the population trends that have transpired in the course of history have caught the world by surprise. One of the factors that have facilitated the fast population growth is the reversal in […]
  • Population Size and Foreign Direct Investment It is worth noticing that the average level of income in the developing countries of China and India is significantly lower than that of the United States, one of the world’s richest states.
  • Counseling Native Americans vs. White Population A counselor should be ready to deal with tribal considerations and diversity in general to offer quality services to the client.
  • Disposable Water Bottle Usage by Youth Population In particular, personal observations show that the Facebook newsfeeds of the young audience often feature information bits about the disadvantages of bottled water and advertisements of refillable bottles.
  • Obesity in the US Population Based on the effects that obesity has on the individuals and governments, the paper reveals that the solution to the menace of obesity lies in making certain adjustments both at the personal and national level, […]
  • Berlin as a Home for Culturally Diverse Population While focusing on the experience of Muslims in Germany, it is almost impossible to ignore the experience of Jews as the important religious and cultural group in this country.
  • Aging Population Issues in American Prison System A case of an increase in the number of elderly people in prison was reported in 2000 when the number of elderly prisoners was only 3% of total America’s prison population, but in 10 years […]
  • Population Dynamics and Increase Reasons However, if the death rate is minimal, meaning that the life expectancy of a particular population is high then, the population will increase. The first way of slowing population growth is by controlling the rate […]
  • Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing The tool also examined the demographics of the county. The level of unemployment in the county is 9.
  • Wolf Population’s Restoration in Adirondack Park The recent findings in the wildlife populations’ research demonstrate that the restoration of wolves in the Adirondack Park may positively influence regional development and may contribute to the improvement of the environmental condition.
  • China and India Population: Causes, Impact and Management The issue of the living standards increases, in its turn, revolved around the rise in the number of immigrants in China that was due to the numerous job offerings.
  • Climate Changes and Human Population Distribution Compelled by the lack of a thorough clarity on the relationship between population distribution and climatic conditions, this research proposal therefore aims at conducting the research study to determine what effects do climatic conditions have […]
  • Urban Planning and Growing Population Through the use of urban planning, it is possible to design, control, and manage the layout of the urban and suburban areas.
  • Population Health and Education in the USA In this regard, the purpose of this paper is to examine the role of education in the population’s health in the US, focusing on both positive and negative aspects and considering various links between the […]
  • Aging Population Trends in American Society According to a report by Samuel, the number of the elderly in the United States has been on the rise since the country gained independence.
  • Australian Population Growth and Forecast for 2020 Australia is one of the countries experiencing rapid population growth that tends to be a threat to the economy. The commonwealth seemed to have released their estimation of the 2020 population including that of Australia […]
  • Population Health Promotion in Spartanburg The status of the public health of Spartanburg County is determined by a range of factors. In particular, the Road to Better Health coalition is one of the most prominent of them.
  • Hypertension Effects on the African American Population As communication is believed to be one of the major components of disease prevention, the authors of the study and the campaign decided that the church as one of the most trusted institutions among African […]
  • Positive Psychology to Understand the Elderly Population Generally speaking, it is stated that the methods of positive psychology, in particular, the concepts of positive aging and active aging, have been successful at improving the level of happiness of individuals of advanced age.
  • Health Care for Disabled Population in the US The study will provide a description of the population, account for its vulnerability, assess the unique health concerns the group has, and investigate the ways it uses the health care system.
  • Health Service for Australian Indigenous Population The Northern Territory of Australia is home to the largest segment of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations in regard to their ratio to the other groups as the indigenous people represent over one-quarter of […]
  • Hypothesis Testing for Single Population The null hypothesis clarifies the deficiency involved in the relationship between the forecaster and result whereas the alternate hypothesis illustrates the occurrence of the relationship.
  • Vulnerable Population in Biopsychosocial Assessment Indeed, the patient’s inability to speak to others, listen to herself, and, therefore, isolate the factors that contribute to the enhancement of her stress levels and develop the strategies that will help eradicate the identified […]
  • Xenical and Weight Loss in the UAE Population The hypotheses are the following: The effectiveness of Xenical is seen as sufficient by the population of the UAE. The effectiveness of Xenical is seen as insufficient by the same population.
  • The UAE Population: Xenical and Weight Loss The main variables observed in this study will be the following: the efficiency of Xenical for weight loss in the UAE populations and the preferences linked to the use of Xenical compared to other medications […]
  • Cancer Epidemiology for American Population That was meant to determine if the disease occurred in groups and the abnormality in the environment with higher rates of occurrences.
  • Environmental Ethics and Human Population Because of the threats to the well-being of the global population, the introduction of a more sustainable approach toward managing the available resources, in general, and food, in particular, have been developed.
  • Baby Boomer Population Impact on Health Care The third one is that volunteer care will become relevant in an attempt to address the unique needs of this population.
  • Mindfulness Practice for Elderly Population For me, the practice of mindfulness practice means maximum immersion in a personal inner world with the goal of expanding consciousness and discovering new and unfamiliar feelings and emotions.
  • Health Challenges: Low-Income Filipino Population The purpose of this study was to analyze and understand the major factors that dictated the lifestyles and health outcomes of this minority population.
  • Perception of Diabetes in the Hispanic Population Diabetes is also defined as one of the leading causes of death among the citizens of the United States. Despite the possibility to create certain measurements of this nursing research project, it is also required […]
  • Breastfeeding Counseling for Low-Income Latino Population The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the breastfeeding peer counseling program that is currently used in the United States for improving breastfeeding rates among low-income young women from a predominantly […]
  • “Population & Environment” in Mazur’s Feminist Approach Mazur notes that the environmental crisis currently presents in our world is because of unsustainable systems of production and consumption, and women are on the front lines of the crisis.
  • Native American Population and Federal Policies As the Native populations were unaware of the expedition’s aims in detail, they provided the Corps with the needed information, thus facilitating the next step in federal policies toward Indian populations and the expansion of […]
  • Election Campaign Promises and Population Benefits While it may be true that political and economic realities often hinder such promises from being carried out, it is rather interesting to realize that a vast majority of people that have been elected into […]
  • Human Population Growth and Carrying Capacity There are several factors that contribute to this process; for instance, one can speak about the improvement of healthcare, increasing life expectancy, and the growing availability of food in various developing countries.
  • Automatic Teller Machines and the Older Population These errors may affect the quality of services at the ATM. Some computer errors at the ATMs cause the machines to decline deposits and dispensation of cash to the clients.
  • The Population Pyramid in Mexico The indicator of life expectancy is highest in the developed country followed by developing country and least in the underdeveloped country.
  • Relationship Between Population and the Environment The results revealed after the statistical analysis was performed that there is a negative relationship between the population increase and the emissions of carbon dioxide in the case of developed countries while on the other […]
  • Aging Population Impact on the Labor Market These employees are also special in the fact that they have the capacity to stay with one firm for a very long time.
  • Biodiversity and Animal Population in Micronesia This means that in the future, the people living in Micronesia will have to move to other parts of the world when their homes get submerged in the water.
  • Sustainable Future and World Population Trends Sustainability development is a form of development that emphasizes responsible use to ensure that the same resources can benefit the coming generations.
  • The G8 Countries: Population, Life and Gross Domestic Product In this project, the first type of data is about the total population and the working-age population of people in five of the G8 countries.
  • Homeless Population’s Needs and Human Services In short, the needs of homeless people are diverse and complex. In other words, rather than providing people with their everyday needs, the programs should aim at teaching the homeless about ways to overcome their […]
  • Understanding of Viral Marketing Effectiveness and Population Marketing As such, a significant part of marketing is understanding the contemporary strategies and evaluating their success. Marketing that is aimed at engaging in convincing the customers directly is essential to the introduction of new products.
  • Climate Change Effects on Population Health First and foremost, decreased quality of the air can manifest in the destruction of the ozone layer and increased air temperature.
  • How Vaccine Refusal Influences the Health of the U.S. Population Due to vaccine refusal, the number of vaccinated people in the U.S.has decreased, and by the summer of 2019, there had been over a thousand cases of measles reported. One reason for vaccine hesitancy is […]
  • Chinese Population’s Lifestyle and Diseases This type is the most widespread in the world, and it is the result of overweight and lack of physical activity.
  • Primary Prevention for the Aging Population Among the examples of primary prevention, the best strategies for caring for the aging population include vaccination, health education, and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle.
  • Dementia in Elderly Population While the condition is common for people over 65, dementia is not a part of the aging process. The drugs of dementia symptoms are expensive and are often reported as a source of financial hardships […]
  • Genes, Lifestyle, and Environment in Health of Population Genetics and the environment are two of the most influential factors affecting human health as well as the onset and development of many diseases. To conclude, genetics, environment, and lifestyles are the intertwined factors that […]
  • Areas of High Population Growth Child mortality rates are distributed unevenly among the population, with six out of seven million child deaths occurring in families with low income.
  • Population Pressure, Surplus Population, Nature, and Capitalist Development While a section of the society has more than they can consume in several generations, others are starving because of a system that favours only a section of the society.
  • Social Work and Security of the Elderly Population The reconsideration of the current framework for financing the management of rural aging residents’ needs could start with the increase in the range of options for accessing care. Once the current framework for providing social […]
  • Care Coordination for Aging Population in the Clinical Setting However, the described solution to the health problems of aging patients may entail difficulties in coordinating the work of the health experts involved in a team.
  • Implications of Patient-Centered Care Approach in Rural Population This assignment briefly assesses the ways nurses can evaluate the role of the patient-centered care approach in the rural population while utilizing the health promotion model.
  • Aging Population of the World as a Healthcare Issue The area of healthcare is the domain that has been affected by the rise in the number of aging people to the greatest extent.
  • Moral Arguments and Population Issues Analysis According to Govier, two contexts arises in dealing with the interests of people who are yet to exist: the first is an action prepared would significantly affect those people who do not exist at present […]
  • Individuals and Families in a Diverse Society: Ageing Population The rising phenomenon of aging has created new issues such as increased healthcare and rising costs of maintaining the senior citizens and continuation of the social security program has to be reconsidered.
  • Population Growth and World Hunger Links I recommends teachers who teach mathematics to liberal arts to try these teaching strategies and test how the performances of their students will greatly improve.
  • Advocating for a Vulnerable Elderly Population Similar to the poster’s community, New Jersey has offices of Area Agencies of Aging, and the Division of Aging Services acts in the same way as Ohio’s Department of Aging.
  • Increasing Population of People Aged Over 65 Years Ageing in the population is constituted by the movement of the population of a country towards advanced ages. The expenditure of the government in education reduces with an increase in the ageing population.
  • Population Movements in 1850-1970 This paper will therefore trace the population movements in the world and some of the factors that contributed to the evolution of the world’s population.
  • Healthcare in the Middle East and the Aging Rates Among the Population The developing countries have lately been experiencing higher and faster rates of aging, thanks to a decline in the fertility rates of the population, in comparison to the developed countries.
  • Human Population Ecology: Human Interaction With the Environment The essay first examines the concept of population explosion which is defined as the inability of the habitat to sustain a rapidly growing population where the birth rates are significantly higher than the death rates […]
  • Population Grows And Environment
  • Population and Environment in South Australia
  • The Minority Population in the USA on Purchasing Power
  • India’s Population Care and Composition
  • How Popular is the Congress Among the Population?
  • Thomas Malthus Population Growth Theory
  • Urban Population and Environment
  • ”American Holocaust” by David E. Stannard and the Destruction of the Indigenous Population
  • Impact of Uninsured in Rural Population
  • Police Officers Working With Diverse Population. Challenges and Solutions
  • Biodiversity: Population Versus Ecosystem Diversity by David Tilman
  • Background Information on Population Census in the USA
  • Human Population Growth and Limiting Factors
  • Population Growth in Qatar
  • ‘The Tide of Population’ by Ehrlich and ‘Too Many Mouths to Feed’ by Lappe
  • Transnational Population of Tamils in Sri Lanka
  • Road Back Home: Hurricane Katrina and the Heaviest Toll for the Most Vulnerable Population
  • The Jewish People: Culture and Population
  • Achieving the Dream Program for Student Population
  • Poverty: Causes and Effects on the Population and Country
  • Disparities in Healthcare Population Related to the Geriatric Population
  • Immunization of the Wildlife Population Against Rabies
  • Health Issues of the Population
  • Indigenous and Torres Strait Population and Diabetes
  • Vulnerable Population: Elderly With Dementia
  • Polygamy and Baptism: Indian Population
  • Breast Cancer: At-Risk Population, Barriers, and Improvement
  • “Impact of Whole-Body MRI in a General Population Study” by Schmidt
  • “The Prevalence of Paraphilic Interests and Behaviors in the General Population” by Joyal and Carpentier
  • Insurance Barriers in Mental Health Population
  • Reducing Salt Consumption Among the Population
  • Bayou Region of Louisiana: Underserved Population Problems
  • Nursing – Vulnerable Population
  • Population Health Initiative: Healthcare and Ambulatory Care
  • Substance Abuse and America’s Prison Population
  • Impact of Uninsured Population Project
  • The Impacts of Underinsured Population
  • Race-Based Medicine: Diseases in Different Groups of the Population
  • Health Insurance in the USA: A Basic Necessity for the Population
  • Population Increase and Birth Control
  • Human Papillomavirus and Gardasil for Teenage Population
  • Population Processes and Their Impact
  • Aging Population in the Western United States
  • Elderly Population: Are They Vulnerable?
  • Mental Health and Wellness in Aging Population
  • Estimating Single Population Parameters
  • Common Myths About Elderly Population
  • Population Health and Determinants
  • Epidemiological Measures and Determinants of Population Health
  • Population Health Issue: Review
  • Smoking Among the Youth Population Between 12-25 Years
  • Effects of Changes in Population Demographics
  • Target Population Selection: Regulating Patient Safety
  • Alcoholism Among the Adult Population in Wisconsin
  • Examination of a Global Population Issue of Russia
  • High Morbidity Rates Among the Elderly Population Are Attributed to Falls
  • Diverse Population Needs in Prevention of Adult Falls
  • Sample Size (n) and Population Size (N)
  • Population Health Driver Diagram: Innovations and Their Use in Nursing
  • The Spread of Ebola: Vulnerable Population of Liberia
  • Heart Disease Among Hispanic & Latino Population
  • Bill Proposal: The Vulnerable Population
  • Caring for the Community: Identification of a Population to Study
  • Gay Couples as Vulnerable Population and Self-Awareness
  • HIV/AIDS Pandemic Facing the Female Global Population
  • Myth: The Aging Population Is to Blame for Uncontrollable
  • Homeless Persons as Vulnerable Population in the US
  • Arthritis: Treatment and Impact on Population
  • Florida Prisons: Location, Population and Current Issue
  • Suicide Among Aboriginal Population
  • Education Role in Prompting Effective Population-Wide Health Behaviour Change
  • Non-Citizen Population Estimates by Age Group and Gender
  • Asthma Among the Japanese Population
  • Understanding of the Homeless Population
  • Moving Upstream to Improve Population Health Down the Road
  • Intercultural Communication and Healthcare Delivery: Cranford Population
  • Hypothesis Testing of a Single Population
  • Benefits of Exercises in the Aging Population
  • The Role of Program Development in Maintaining a Healthy Population
  • One Can Protect the Entire U.S. Population Without Having to Vaccinate Everyone
  • Population Growth in Bangladesh and Egypt
  • Members of the American Population Remain Loyalists
  • Policy and Advocacy for Improving Health Population
  • Heart Disease Among Hispanic and Latino Population
  • Suicide Prevention Facts on the Adolescent Population
  • Senegal’s Population and Migration Profile
  • Healthcare Agenda for the Geriatric Population
  • Global Population Growth and Increased Demand for Food
  • World Population Could Peak Decades Ahead of the UN Forecast
  • Effects of Population Increase on Forest Resources
  • Population Health Problem Assessment
  • Purnell Model for Chinese Migrant Population
  • Population Pyramid: The Case of the Republic of Moldova
  • Vulnerable Population: Homelessness
  • Influenza Preparedness Among Public Housing Residents and Low-income Population
  • Global Black Population’s Health Needs Analysis
  • The Notion of Nutrition in the Context of the Elderly Population in the Slum Dwellings of India
  • UTI Prevention and Management in Geriatric Population
  • The Effects of the Tuskegee Study on the Black Population
  • Aging Population Study by Christensen Kaare et al.
  • Heart Disease: Population Affected- Brooklyn
  • The Population of Frail Elderly
  • Polypharmacy Effects on the Geriatric Population
  • Education Plan For an At-Risk Population
  • Population-Focused Assessment and Intervention
  • Improving Overall Health of Vulnerable Population
  • Vulnerable Population: HIV-AIDS
  • Mathematical Biology: Explaining Population Extinction
  • Physiologically-Structured Population Models and Their Ordinary Differential Equations Reduction
  • Managing the Effective Population Size of the New Zealand Snapper
  • The Persistent High Rates of Heroin Use Among the Puerto Rican Population in the US’ Article
  • Boreal Woodland Caribou: Reduction in Population
  • “Population-Centered Health Care in the Community” by Stanhope
  • Growing Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Among the Nursing Population
  • The New Jim Crow System Related to the Black Population
  • Effect of Abiotic and Biotic Factors on a Deer’s Population
  • Career Development Program for 30-Year-Old Population
  • Vulnerable Population: Community Engagement of African Americans
  • Population Health and Impact of ZIP Codes
  • Population Health Disparities and Healthcare Access
  • The COVID-19 Effects on the Sex Worker Population
  • Strategies to Detect Early Hypertension in African American Population of Darby Township Community
  • Aging Population and Its Effect on the US Healthcare
  • Sample Versus Population in Statistics
  • The Influence of Water Quality on the Population of Salmonid Fish
  • Drug Laws Influnce on Different Population Groups
  • Substance Use Disorder in Latino Population
  • Becoming an Ally of the Queer (LGBT) Population
  • The COVID-19 Impact on Public Health and Population
  • The Salmonella Outbreak: Population, Causes, and Disparities
  • The Issue of Overpopulation and Human Population Growth Control
  • Chronic Renal Failure Disease: Causes, the Population Affected, and Prognosis
  • Infertility: Causes, Population Affected, and Treatment
  • Vaccination of Indigenous Population in Queensland
  • Major Depressive Disorder: Individual and Population Perspectives
  • The Black Population’s Disproportionate Mortality Rates from COVID-19
  • Reduction of Obesity in the Adolescent Hispanic Population
  • Alcohol-Induced Chronic Pancreatitis: Population Affected, Side Effects, and Treatment
  • The Middle-Class Population in Colombia
  • One-Day Resort in Vietnam: Entry Strategy, Target Population, and Product Description
  • Obesity in Adolescent Hispanic Population
  • Problems of Indigenous Population of America and Canada
  • Early Teen Pregnancy as Population Health Problem
  • Person-Centered-Care for Vulnerable Population
  • Population Control with Abandonment of Specific Children
  • Teen Pregnancy as a Population Health Problem
  • Population Focused Interventions in Sentinel Town
  • Sexuality in the Elderly Population
  • Health Issues of Vulnerable Population in Bolivia
  • The Effect of Increased Median Age of Population on the Consumer Behavior
  • Adolescent Population’s Characteristics and Health
  • Population Health and How It Relates to Healthcare
  • Healthcare Administrators’ Role in Population Health
  • The Older Population’s Disparities and Oppression
  • The Effects of Gold Mining in the Amazons on the Environment and the Population
  • The Black Population of New York State Analysis
  • Depression as Public Health Population-Based Issue
  • Depression Among the Medicare Population in Maryland
  • Helping Black Population with Hypertension in New York State
  • Population Health Promotion Benefits
  • Decline in the Honeybee Population and Farmers in the United States
  • Health Science and Its Importance for Population
  • African-Americans as US Vulnerable Population
  • Population Health Outcomes and Healthcare Service Delivery
  • Population Diversity of the Middle East
  • Why Is Home Dialysis More Beneficial for the Adult Population?
  • Prediabetes in the African-American Population
  • Nursing Care for Elderly Population
  • Pollination: Decline in the European Honeybee Population
  • The Prevention of Diabetes and Its Consequences on the Population
  • Opioid Crisis and the Veteran Population
  • The US Annual GDP and Population Growth: Statistical Analysis
  • Exposure Therapy for Adult Population
  • Homeless as At-Risk Population
  • Population Health Problems in Harlem
  • How Many Types of Population Are There?
  • What Is the Full Population of Earth?
  • How Does Population Impact Economic Development?
  • How Does Population Affect the Economy?
  • How Does Population Growth Affect the Quality of Life?
  • What Are the Types of Population?
  • Is the Human Population Decreasing?
  • What Is Population Based On?
  • How Do You Determine Population?
  • What Is True Population Effect?
  • What Causes High Population?
  • What Are the Things That Increase a Population?
  • What Will Happen if Increase in Population?
  • Why Do We Sample the Population?
  • What Are Population Made Of?
  • What Are the Benefits of Population?
  • How Do You Control a Population?
  • How Can the Population Growth Be Reduce?
  • What Factors Decrease Population?
  • What Is the Difference Between the Sample and Population?
  • What Are the Main Problems of Population?
  • Why Is Population Growth Important?
  • How Does Population Affect the Environment?
  • How Does Population Growth Affect Natural Resources?
  • Does Population Affect Climate?
  • Chicago (A-D)
  • Chicago (N-B)

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IvyPanda . "360 Population Essay Topic Ideas & Examples." November 9, 2023. https://ivypanda.com/essays/topic/population-essay-topics/.

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Essays on Population Growth

Population growth rate in germany.

Germany, officially known as the Federal Republic of Germany located in the heart of Europe, is one of the 195 independent sovereign states in the world. In Europe, Germany is the seventh largest country based on area size but the second most populous, with a population of approximately 82.3 million people (Central Intelligence Agency, 2018). The purpose of this report is to provide a statistical analysis of the population census collected at five different periods in time for 182 cities […]

Population Growth and its Impact on Development

There is an ongoing debate on the relationship between demographic change and economic outcomes in Nigeria. Many scholars agree that higher birth rates have trapped households and individuals in a vicious cycle of poverty (Reading 2011). However, there is a lesser agreement on whether lowering birth rates in Nigeria will contribute to an increase in economic development and help its people escape the cycle of poverty. I argue that while an increase in population growth may worsen the process of […]

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Population Growth in Kenya and Education

KENYA is located on the Eastern Coast of Africa on the Equator. It shares border with Somalia and Indian Ocean to the East and Ethiopia to the North. It also shares boundary with Uganda to the west and Tanzania to the south. The coastline is about 550km long, faces the Indian Ocean. Based on the latest United Nations estimates on population as at Wednesday 25th April, 2018, Kenya is ranked 28th highest of the world total population. The urban areas […]

Population Growth Problematic for States

To understand anything about the population, one must know what the term demography means and what it is. “Demography is the study of population change and characteristics.” Any population can change in matters of size and/or composition. Demographic measures are accounted for by three main components. The three components are birth, death, and migration. The equation for population change is P= (+) births (-) deaths (+) in-migration (-) out migration. There are positive and negative outlooks on human population growth. […]

Population Growth and Industrialization in the Gulf of Mexico

The Gulf of Mexico Watershed is important to the vitality of the U.S. natural and economic resources. The watershed has dominated and dominates most of the U.S. covering 31 of its 50 states, making the Gulf very important to the U.S. economy, watersheds from 33 of 48 contiguous states drain into the Gulf of Mexico (Gulf of Mexico Region, n.d., para. 2). The vast Watershed provides rich soil to supply the nation, and oil and gas to power the nation. […]

Population Growth

All countries are dedicated to the improvement of the lives of the individuals living within it. Necessities such as sufficient food, good health, education, and amicable employment opportunities are goals people living in a governed country try to achieve. A hurdle that is hindering the success of these goals is the rate at which the populace is increasing. In 2033 it is believed that there will be 12 billion people living on earth and by the year 2070 the population […]

Population Growth in Underdeveloped Countries

Abstract Population growth is an environmental issue that has significantly impacted our world, leading to higher demands for individuals to live comfortably. The demographic gap between developed and developing countries continues to broaden. According to research, developing countries consumed ninety percent of the population growth during the twentieth century.11 Overpopulation in underdeveloped countries is assessed with current research to determine some of the factors that play a role in the growth of the current population. Policies and methods are discussed […]

Population Growth: Human Impact on the Environment 

More humans have been added to the world’s population in the past 40 years than in the previous three million (Hunter 12). Amidst of 1960 to 1999 the population density had doubled, increasing from three billion to six billion bodies (Hunter 1999). During those years, better medical facilities, technological advancement in fertility treatment and the declination within the mortality rates, had the population evolve with high-rise of growth. The elevation of population demographic may not be the fundamental cause of […]

Turkey Population Growth in California

Wild turkeys did not inhabit California until they were brought over by humans in the 1900’s. In northern California, the subspecies of turkey, Rio Grande, took off and the population saw a dramatic increase over time. Recently, however, studies are minimal and outdated relating to modern day turkey populations. It is important to monitor the wild turkey population over time consistently in order to make other claims relating to their impact on California’s natural environment, crop fields, and urban areas. […]

Exponential Population Growth

Exponential population growth is a model that describes the expansion of a population in an ideal, unlimited environment (Simon, Reece & Dickey, 2012, pg. 408). Since the year 1650, the human population has been undergoing the longest exponential growth of any large animal in history counting (Roser & Ortiz-Ospina, 2013). In 1650, there were about five hundred million people on the planet. By 1850, the population had doubled to one billion, and it doubled again just eighty years after that […]

About Population Growth

Population growth is one of main concerns in the present day. The definition of population growth is rise in the number of people within particular country, state or region. Over the past years, the world population has been increasing moderately and each country has different reasons that had effect on their population growth. This essay is going to discuss about the details of the changes in population in India and how it results in society. How the population have been […]

Does Population Growth Lead to Hunger?

These two words are unfamiliar to most people that have never faced these circumstances. However, these issues affect more than 10 percent of the population of the world. The UN mentioned that the proportion of undernourished people worldwide increased from 10.6 percent in 2015 to 11.0 percent in 2016. Also, in 2017, 151 million children under age 5 suffered from stunting (low height for their age), 51 million suffered from wasting (low weight for height), and 38 million were overweight. […]

Using Contraceptives to Control the Population Growth

Contraceptive will have a big help to lessen the population growth, because it reduces the need for abortion by preventing unwanted pregnancies. There’s a lot of Filipinos who doesn’t agree in using contraceptives specially the catholic church because they believed that contraception have the ability to prevent to fertilized the egg, or to kill the fertilized egg shortly which means to kill. They’ve said that the 5th number in 10 commandments is “Thou shalt not kill. ”Although some or most […]

Growth of Escherichia Coli Population

Introduction: Population growth is inevitable as long as the birth rate of a population is higher than the mortality rate (Trzepacz, 13-2). There are two types of growth that are modeled, exponential and logistic. Exponential growth is when “members of a population double in size throughout each successive generation,” (Milam, 2) and is represented by a j-shaped curve. Most populations follow this pattern, as long as the amount of resources outweigh the population and there is little-to-no competition (Trzepacz, 13-2). […]

China Population and Economy Growth

Do you think that China benefits from purposely restricting the growth population? Should later, longer, fewer be a norm China should continue to follow? Later marriage, longer spacing between births, and fewer children. With evidence, I’ll explain why this policy isn’t the best to combat the growth in the population. The population rate of China is only 0.6% compared to the world population average of 1.09% per year. This does not only affect the population overall, but it affects economic […]

The Growth of Human Population in the Last Years

Over the past 1,000 years the human population has been relatively stable, besides, the downward trend due to illness (black death) and in the recent few hundred years there has been an increase in population growth. The rate that populations grow is another factor that influences Earth’s resources. Earth experienced a period of its fastest growth between 1975-2011 by taking 12 years to increase by one billion (Roser & Ortiz-Ospina, 2017). According to the UN the population growth has reached […]

Rate of Growth in Rural Population in Zambia

From the results it can be noted that the rural population growth rate is declining over the years. In Zambia infant mortality rate is declining and fertility rate too is declining over the years. Mortality declines before fertility due to better nutrition, and sanitation. Increased child survival means fewer births are needed to ensure the desired number of surviving children and thus a general fall in the population growth rate. Economic transformation is the overriding feature of economic growth in […]

Factor Affecting Economic Growth

The effect of population on economic growth, recent researcher by economist Allen Kelley and Robert Schmidt indicate that during the 1980 population growth on average acted as a break on economic growth as measured by the growth rate of per captain gross domestic product or GDP this is the standard measure of nation total output of goods and service by residents and domestic business, Result of this extensive analysis suggest that the relationship between population growth and depressed economic performance […]

274 Population Essay Topics

🏆 best essay topics on population, 👍 good population research topics & essay examples, 🌶️ hot population ideas to write about, 🎓 most interesting population research titles, 📌 easy population essay topics, ❓ research questions about population.

  • Social Issues: Discrimination of Black Population in USA Despite numerous democratic endeavors, the gap between the representatives of the Black culture and the White residents of the USA is still huge.
  • Eating Disorders in Adult Population The major part of this paper is the design of the group proposal about group therapy and its application in the eating disorder in adult population.
  • Childhood Obesity: a Population Health Issue This paper will discuss childhood obesity in relation to measuring parameters, risk factors, consequences, and preventive strategies.
  • Transnational Population of Tamils in Sri Lanka The Transnational Tamils in Sri Lanka are a section of Tamilians pushing for the creation of an independent Tamil-dominated nation in the north and east of the country.
  • Impact of a Growing Elderly Population The growing elderly population has a number of impacts on the society, the economy, and families. Governments should develop policies that will address this challenge.
  • The Youthful Population of Saudi Arabia The youthful population in Saudi Arabia is still being faced with a growing rate of unemployment. This is a paradox bearing in mind that this country is one of the leading producers of crude oil.
  • Demographic Data and Population Pyramid The primary purpose of the population pyramid is to display differences between different groups of people in a comprehensive manner to make it easier to analyze the information that is available.
  • Zambia Population: Strengthening Human Resources for Health Zambia is by far one of the most peculiar African states. However, Zambia will soon have to face a serious challenge. The state government can possibly prevent the Zambian population from shrinking.
  • Homeless Population and US Healthcare Models The paper studies on of the vulnerable population groups – the homeless population in the U.S, and compares four healthcare models.
  • Hispanic Population in the USA The Hispanic population is the largest national-linguistic minority on the territory of the USA, which has a long and complicated history. The Hispanics are the representatives of two unequal groups.
  • Aging: The Impacts of a Growing Elderly Population Humanity is facing a significant demographic shift as in many countries of the world (the vast majority of them are developed countries) population is aging.
  • Prison Population and Healthcare Models in the USA This paper focuses on the prison population with a view to apply the Vulnerable Population Conceptual Model, and summarizes US healthcare models.
  • Cardiovascular Disease in African American Population This paper assembly could provide assistance to improve the distinguishing of racial differences in cardiovascular disease in the framework of the context of the United States.
  • Hispanic as a Vulnerable Population in the US The paper reviews Hispanic population as a vulnerable population in the US using Vulnerable Population Conceptual Model, and healthcare models in the US.
  • Hispanic Population With Heart Failure The research problem was based on the realization that the effectiveness of heart failure management programs had not been tested when in Hispanic participants.
  • HIV/AIDS Awareness in Mississippi Youth Population This paper proposes a program that can provide youths with the appropriate awareness as a means to address the risk factors to HIV and AIDS.
  • Vulnerable Population in Modern Society The following paper is to cover different reasons that make populations vulnerable under the variety of circumstances, to examine some events that may cause it.
  • The Vulnerable Population of Brownsville: Disabled People The paper aims to assess the vulnerable population of Brownsville that is presented by disabled people: risk factors and barriers for their well-being.
  • Cognitive Neurodegeneration in the Elderly Population The needs of the elderly are now among the key concerns for the medical practitioners. Among the key issues are the neurodegenerative conditions that lead to cognitive impairment.
  • Vulnerable Population and Health Issues in Miami The black community in Miami can be described as a vulnerable population because of certain unique challenges it is facing.
  • Vulnerable Population in Little Havana The purpose of the assessment is to identify the vulnerable population, strengths, risk factors, barriers, and community sources, in Little Havana.
  • Healthy Nutrition for Vulnerable Aging Population Healthy eating is an important component of healthy lifestyles that can help people maintain good health throughout their lives.
  • Homeless as Vulnerable Population in the US The vulnerable population that will be examined throughout this paper is homeless people. The geographic scope is limited to the USA to facilitate data mining and analysis.
  • Recycling in Dubai and Its Impact on the Population and Environment The proposal provides an insight into how recycling can be conducted and respective benefits of the same on the environment.
  • Population Health, Its Elements and National Strategy Population health is a complex term that refers to the health outcomes distributed among the nation. This definition is used to develop governmental health policy.
  • Global Environmental Changes: Population’ Growth Population growth generally refers to the rate in which the number of people increases and is found by subtracting the death rate from the birth rate.
  • Depletion of the Beaver Population in Canada The question regarding the beaver exploitation and the relation of the Native Americans towards the issue seems to be significantly important to examine.
  • Dental Health Care among the Low-Income Population The identified problem associated with the launch of a health policy is linked to the access to dental health care among the low-income population of Miami, Florida.
  • Vulnerable Population in Miami This paper is aimed at discussing vulnerable population in Miami in more detail, identifying the specific problems they face, and exploring the opportunities available for a community health care.
  • Obesity among the Adult Population Improvement of the healthcare system would reduce the amount of biased and unfounded prejudices towards patients suffering from obesity.
  • Miami Community Health: Vulnerable Population Miami community is considered healthy, but there is a number of issues connected to the economy, poor infrastructure, and growing urbanization that influence the population as a whole.
  • Vulnerable Population of West Miami The city of West Miami that is situated in Florida is inhabited by many people who have particular difficulties with their orientation and balance.
  • Miami Population Demographics and Health Profile The area of what is now the City of Miami was settled by numerous tribes. The name Miami stems from the word Mayami used by the chief tribe populating the region.
  • Miami Pediatric Population Needs Assessment This paper supplies a needs assessment for the community of Miami, Florida; the focus of the current paper is individuals of the pediatric age.
  • HIV/AIDS Prevalence Among Latino Population The issue of this health care position statement is the HIV/AIDS prevalence among the Hispanic/Latino population of the United States.
  • Horse Population, Evolution, and Physiology The evolution of horses occurred over a period of 55 million years. By analyzing bones and DNA of the ancient horses, we are able to get an idea about their origins.
  • Older Adults as Miami Vulnerable Population The paper reveals the peculiarities of the vulnerable population of Miami represented by the elderly and discusses a community health issue that affects their well-being.
  • Immigrants as Vulnerable Population in the US Vulnerable populations have three major health domains – social (the homeless, immigrants, people living in poverty), physical, psychological.
  • Obesity Problem among the Adult Population Obesity in adults is not only likely to have an impact on them but also sways the possibility of obesity in their children due to common genes or environmental aspects.
  • Elderly People Challenges in American Indian Population The health problems of the reservation-based American Indian population are numerous, and these individuals are more vulnerable to many diseases than Americans of other ethnicities.
  • North Miami Population and Healthcare The purpose of the given paper is to study the particular challenges of the population mentioned related to healthcare in North Miami.
  • Population-Focused Nurse Practitioner Competencies The present work discusses similarities and differences between core competencies of family nurse practitioners and nurse administrators.
  • Nursing: Population, Public and Community Health Population health nursing is a relatively new term that is usually used to cover the field of nursing that deals with health outcomes, determinants, policies, and interventions.
  • Vulnerable Population’s Health and Illnesses This paper reviews health of vulnerable populations focusing on differences in providing medical aid to dominant groups of the population and those who are considered vulnerable.
  • Baker County Geriatric Population Health Assessment This paper assesses the geriatric population within the state of Florida, the US, who live in the nursing homes in Baker County. This population represents the elderly.
  • Miami Jewish Population Health Assessment Miami Jewish Health Systems state their aim as ‘to provide compassionate healthcare through a full range of quality services, guided by research and education.
  • Healthcare Inequity in Elderly Population The inequity in health care provision is a critical problem. The work provides examples that involve these issues to the elderly population.
  • Diseases in the Elderly Population Over the recent years, there has been a significant increase of incidence rates for various diseases in the elderly population.
  • Healthcare Delivery to the Little Haiti Population The purpose of the paper is to determine the opportunities for improving the delivery of healthcare services to the Little Haiti population.
  • Health of North Miami Beach Vulnerable Population The purpose of this paper is to assess the vulnerable population in North Miami Beach by describing its specific characteristics, exploring strengths, risk factors, and barriers.
  • The Hispanic Population’s Health in the USA The target population is exposed to a series of risks. Statistics reveal that Hispanic Americans show a 50% higher diabetes-caused death rate than the whites.
  • US Geriatric Population and Its Chronic Diseases The specific population for the assessment is the geriatric population (the elderly), which is defined as a population aged sixty-five years and older.
  • Health Promotion Among Hispanic Population Hispanic Americans are still an underprivileged group that has limited access to healthcare services. The major health issues are related to healthy lifestyle.
  • HIV/AIDS Prevalence in African-American Population The African-American people feel a disproportionate morbidity rate of the HIV/AIDS virus and fail to receive the necessary health care services that become critical social issues.
  • Healthcare Conditions of Vulnerable Population in Miami The purpose of the paper is to evaluate the healthcare conditions in the community paying particular attention to the vulnerable population group.
  • Vulnerable Population: Disaster Management’ Improvement This paper helps understand that addressing an array of needs and demands of the vulnerable population remains one of the major issues in the sphere of disaster and emergency management.
  • Population Health Analytics: Technology and Healthcare Machine learning provides the healthcare system with a unique possibility to analyze thousands of cases and extract all necessary data from it.
  • Communication Strategies with a Vulnerable Population Communication during a crisis is essential for both victims and the emergency services. Often, conventional forms of communication are unavailable due to the circumstances of the crisis.
  • Miami Community Health and Vulnerable Population The purpose of the assessment is to identify a community health problem in Miami and analyze the impact and risk factors of the vulnerable population.
  • Coconut Grove: Vulnerable Population Assessment Coconut Grove is a neighborhood in the southern part of Miami Florida roughly constituted of twenty thousand people. This paper will discuss the prevalent health problem in this area.
  • Dialysis Patient Population: Chronic Kidney Disease In the list of the world’s leading causes of death, the chronic kidney disease is marked as number 18; and it used to be at the 27th position just a couple decades ago.
  • Medical Negligence in Elderly Population The most common challenge that the elderly population encounter is medical negligence in hospitals, at home, or nursing homes.
  • Health Risks of Vulnerable Population in Miami The purpose of this paper is to address the possible health risks associated with the identified vulnerable population in Miami. Demographic and epidemiological data will be used to assess the risks.
  • Vulnerable Population Assessment: Risk Factors From the public health perspective, some groups of the population are more vulnerable than other ones, which means that there are more threats to their health.
  • Population Health: Creating a Culture of Wellness The provision of vulnerable individuals with affordable healthcare came at the cost of budget expenses, which was met negatively by the conservative forces in the government.
  • The Elderly Population: Preventative Measures The field of preventive procedures targeting the older adult population is concerned with reducing the range of health issues that decrease the quality of the population’s lives.
  • Colon Cancer Among Male Hispanic Population The problem of colon cancer among the male Hispanic population in the United States is a major cause of concern.
  • Caring for Vulnerable Population: Substance Abuse Substance abuse is a rampant problem in the current society despite the availability of information regarding the consequences of drug abuse.
  • Impact of Filipino Population Cultural Group on Healthcare The Filipinos have high health disparities compared to whites and other Asian groups. Diabetes and hypertension are higher among the Filipinos compared to other Asians.
  • Miami Gardens’ Vulnerable Population Health The paper overviews, assesses, and discusses the vulnerable population of Miami Gardens in order to identify the related community health problem typical for the selected area.
  • Talent Pipeline for Population Health The concept of talent pipeline offers a range of opportunities for improving the quality of care by selecting the staff members with the highest proficiency levels.
  • Hispanic Population’s Health at Miami-Dade County Miami-Dade County ranks 23 out of 67 counties in the state of Florida. 67.3 percent of the population is Hispanic and encounters several chronic diseases.
  • HIV Prevention and Education Among Population The presence of high HIV rates among the population is a concern that might lead to severe consequences. The problem of HIV can be viewed from multiple angles.
  • Diabetes Negligence in the Pediatric Population Recent studies have indicated that more children between 2 and 15 years are being diagnosed with diabetes every year.
  • Homeless and Rural Population’s Health in Miami-Dade In the Miami-Date community, the homeless have an opportunity to contact various facilities that provide temporary accommodation and related services.
  • The Geriatric Population’s Depression This paper discusses how does the implementation of National Institute for Health and Care guidelines affect the accuracy of diagnosing of depression in the geriatric population.
  • Population Growth: Potential Healthcare Issues Nowadays, epidemiologists are concerned with the correlation between population growth and healthcare issues. The end-of-year estimate provides a limited picture of the population changes.
  • Population Health History and Management To ensure that population health is maintained, effective population health management is needed. Several critical factors influence the success of such management.
  • Health Promotion Among Latino Population in the US The health status of different population groups largely depends on their cultural and socio-economic factors, including values, beliefs, and attitudes to health care practices.
  • Skin Cancer in Latin American Population The paper analyzes the prevalence of skin cancer among Latin Americans, focuses on the significance of this problem, and suggests opportunities for improvement.
  • Industrial Revolution Causing Population Shift The industrial revolution resulted in immigration where a large population moved from Europe to the United States as there was a change in subsistence technology.
  • National and Cultural Identity of Canadian Population The principles of the national and cultural identity of the Canadian population are contradictory for a variety of cultural, political, social, and other reasons.
  • Population Parameters in Statistics Population parameters refer to the statistical measures that are fixed and when used as variables, they make the population distribution descriptive hence descriptive statistics.
  • Hispanic Ethnocultural Population: Immersion Project This project explores the “Hispanics” group that consists of the US citizens affiliated with the Hispanic ethnocultural background, who share some of the same behavioral traits.
  • American Population’s Profile in 2010 Aging is regarded as one of the most serious issues of developed countries. This is also a significant concern for the USA.
  • Aging Population Issues and Legislative Protection Old age brings with it a lot of health problems. The absence of sufficient funds for the poor people deprives them of timely and proper medical attention and care.
  • Population Changes and Its Impact on Economic Activity This paper attempts to achieve a better understanding between changes in the population and its subsequent impact on economic activity within specific regions and how this influences the construction industry.
  • Population, Urbanization, and Environment The boom of urbanization came during the second half of the 20th century, when the world’s urban population almost doubled, from 29 to about 61%.
  • Hispanic and Latino Population Presentation The aim of this research paper is to present the main characteristics of such cultural groups as Hispanics and Latinos.
  • Gentrification and Its Merits for Population Urbanization as a shared social phenomenon is typical of the modern world, where much money is spent on creating advanced infrastructure and large-scale buildings.
  • Chronic Pain Management Studies: Population of Interest Practitioners are to adhere to a wide range of changing rules and policies that regulate the administration and prescription of pain management medications.
  • Obesity Among the Adult Population: Research Planning The research hypothesis states that the improvement of healthcare will contribute to better outcomes related to the obesity rate.
  • Social Impact of Population Growth The case study concentrates on South Africa as an example to show the impact of population rate growth and climate change on social and economic spheres in developing countries.
  • Suburban Population in Miami: Community Settings and Community Health Nursing Roles In Florida, education that is offered by a forensic nurse and supported by the AALNC is a solid contribution to public health and the prediction of severe outcomes of crime.
  • Florida’s Population Health: Analysis and Recommendations The present paper provides a “snapshot” of Florida’s population with regards to its health status, analyzes scholarly findings, and provides recommendations.
  • Disabled as the Vulnerable Population of Miami There are many categories of people in the world that can be categorized as medically and socially vulnerable. Such people tend to be less fortunate than others.
  • Critique of Population Health Intervention Population-based health interventions are an essential part of the national health system, as they target not only individuals or small social groups but communities as a whole.
  • Health Promotion in Native Hawaiian Population Health promotion is an approach that aims to enable people to control their health and its social determinants.
  • Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing The proposed social media project will be helpful in future nursing practice and enhance the establishment of professional managerial skills, as well as other crucial abilities.
  • Vulnerable Population Assessment in Miami, Florida In Miami, Florida, the priority community health problem is the obesity of middle-aged adults. It is related to a Healthy People 2020 topic of nutrition and weight status.
  • African American Women Education: Barriers Population Faces The present phenomenological study involving African American women aims to explore the barriers that the population faces when seeking higher education
  • Communicable Diseases: Measles and Its Impact on the Population Among the variety of communicable diseases, there are those that are typical for certain population groups. One of the problems of modern medicine is measles, mostly a child’s ailment.
  • Older Adult Population: Community Health Promotion The paper analyzes the older adult population, their main demographic characteristics, mortality and morbidity risk factors, and effective plans for promoting health.
  • Aging Population in Canada and Public Policies The measures listed in this paper have to be proposed as the basis for the future policy aimed at maintaining the economic well-being of Canadians and Canada, in general.
  • Nurses’ Role in Population Health According to Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, all nurses are obliged to promote population health, “regardless of their education level or their work assignment.”
  • Healthcare Services for the Minority Population This paper addresses the strengths and weaknesses of the provided services for the minority population as a whole, and its groups, in particular, concerning National CLAS Standards.
  • Genetics Impact on Health Care in the Aging Population This paper briefly assesses the impact that genetics and genomics can have on health care costs and services for geriatric patients.
  • Business Analysis: Population and Sampling Techniques To examine employees’ response to the introduction of a holiday pay scheme, it is important to pay attention to population and sampling techniques.
  • Environmental Degradation as a Result of Growing Population It’s not always large populations that are ultimately the main cause of environmental stress. There’re a number of factors involved including larger populations, global warming.
  • Dental Hygienists Helping Underserved Population Dental hygiene professionals promote the health of the oral cavity. The hygienist professional should be able to understand a patient to ensure proper health maintenance.
  • UK Population: Statistics Project This paper provides a discussion on the description and analysis of data. For this population, the population statistics of the UK for the years from 1970 to 2006 has been used.
  • Exclusivity and Initiation: Breastfeeding Rates Variances Among Minority Population Breastfeeding is an integral part of an infant’s nourishment process that allows a child to receive the nutrients required for uninhibited development and health improvement.
  • Population Density and Major Problems of This The paper shows the major problems related to population density and crowding as America also experiences the issue of population density.
  • Principles of Population Health The idea of safe workplace is significant in modern society while talking about heavy industries. People are constantly trying to improve their life or to maintain stability in it.
  • Population Growth and Technology The ability of the economy to sustain its citizens through the advanced technologies lays a good background for population growth.
  • Population, Life Expectancy Rate of Different Countries Life expectancy, literacy rate and per capita GDP are very good indicators of quality of life in a country and therefore, these variables should be studied in detail and understood well.
  • Aging Population: Contemporary Issue Population aging is becoming increasingly common in the industrialized nation beginning from the 21st century and is now continuing to cause harm to the population.
  • Geography: Canadian Urban System and Population This paper will consider the size comparison within different cities as compared to the basic income and the changes in the economy due to population fluctuation in Canada.
  • Pakistan Aging Profile: Increase in Old People’s Population This article looks at the aging profile of Pakistanis: successive births are reduced, hence the increase of old people’s population.
  • Population Growth Rates: Population Mesa Census The city has witnessed a high increase in population which has contributed to the development of certain environmental and social problems.
  • African American Population in the United States Socioeconomics of the African American population demonstrate that Black American middle class has long since established in the United States.
  • “China’s Population Destiny: The Looming Crisis” by Wang Feng The article “China’s Population Destiny: The Looming Crisis” by Wang Feng explores the untouched element of the Chinese population, which remains a monumental topic.
  • Hispanics as Vulnerable Population Children, women, the elderly, the poor and immigrants are main social groups considered to be vulnerable population.
  • Children’s Obesity in the Hispanic Population The purpose of this manuscript is to examine nurses’ knowledge concerning the major risk factors of obesity in school-age Hispanic population.
  • Why the King Salmon Population Keeps Getting Smaller Human impact on landscapes and ecosystems, combined with fishing and the increase in the number of other fish, is negatively influencing the populations of chinook salmon.
  • Population, Consumerism and Capitalism The author analyzes examines the joint impact of population, consumerism and capitalism on the economy and on the environment.
  • Growing of the World Population The world population is growing at high speed due to increasing birth and decreasing death rates. It creates a problem of overpopulation on the planet.
  • Validity of a Vulnerable Population Assessing the validity of a vulnerable population is difficult with no generalized measures existing to evaluate the legitimacy of using the so-called “special groups” in research.
  • COVID-19 and the Problem of Education the Population Globally The epidemic and its rapid pace have revealed a host of economic, financial, cultural, technological, and especially healthcare-related problems in modern society.
  • Health Promotion Among Hispanic-Latino Population This paper aims to review the health status of the Hispanic/Latino population and discuss the best health promotion methods for this segment.
  • Target Client Population for a Health Coach Target Client Population for a Health Coach: young adults and older adults, men and women of any occupation and nationality wishing to keep fit and improve their health.
  • Statistics Application: Population and Sample Descriptive statistics presents some sample properties, while an inferential approach analyzes the sample to make conclusions about the broader population.
  • Fight Over Slavery of the Southern Population An increasing number of anti-slavery politicians and supporters of emancipation contributed to the paranoia among the Southern population.
  • Vulnerable Population: Definition and Analysis In research, the vulnerable population is defined as a group of individuals that requires a higher level of protection against the consequences of participation in the study.
  • A Dissemination Plan on Adolescent Obesity and Falls in Elderly Population Research on clinical diagnoses and conditions is essential for obtaining practical information and adjusting current intervention strategies.
  • COVID-19 Impacts on the Global Population The coronavirus outbreak is affecting all strata of the global population, but it is evident that some communities are at a higher risk.
  • Social Workers’ Advocacy for Queer Population At the international level, local social workers are not able to introduce significant changes and help LGBTQ people.
  • Impact of the 2008 Election on the Hispanic Population The 2008 presidential election can be considered a major historical event, as the percentage of the Hispanic population that voted for Obama was the highest ever.
  • Population Growth Rates Analysis The countries we come across who have the highest population in the world are China, India, United States, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Russia, Nigeria, and Japan.
  • Change of Population in the USA Since World War Two The population of the minorities since World War II experienced a notable increase. The minority group is consists of Hispanics, Asians, and the growing American Indian people.
  • Social Policy Analysis: Stopping the Opioid Crisis in Veteran Population The problem of the opioid epidemic in the USA has been at the center of an ongoing discussion for years: veterans are twice as likely to die of opioid overdose as average citizens.
  • Security of Data With the Elderly Population in the Health Care Sphere Any patient has the right to demand from the medical care organization to keep the information in the security.
  • Aspects of Disadvantages in Socio Economic Position of the Population Risk health activities and physical activities are the important part of the public health theory, nevertheless, there is strong necessity to analyze people’s awareness on the health issues.
  • Hispanic Community: Alcohol & Substance Abuse Among the Female Gender Population This study will focus on alcohol and substance abuse among the female gender population proportion (12-20 years and 25-45 years) in the Hispanic community in California.
  • Population Health: Social Determinants and Risk Factors Population health is linked to psychosocial, cognitive, and behavioral factors. There are social activities that affect individuals’ biological performances.
  • Present and Future Population Groups’ Evolution Evolution has always been an integral part of humanity. Human bodies still adapt to external conditions, which is confirmed by numerous research studies.
  • Dubai Spatial Planning. Population and Urban Growth The spatial planning of Dubai involves the public sector function that influences the distribution of activities in the city.
  • Healthcare Among the Elderly Prison Population The purpose of this article is to address the ever-increasing cost of older prisoners in correctional facilities.
  • Challenges Faced by Hispanic Immigrant Population The purpose of this article is to briefly describe the problems faced by Hispanic immigrants and suggest ways in which you can help them.
  • The Decline in the Honeybee Population and Its Effects in the U.S. This essay outlines three adverse outcomes of the decrease in the honeybee population for farmers in the United States.
  • Translational Science Model, the Organizational Setting and the Population The project will take place at a prevention and primary care medical office that employs ten people and provides services to roughly 25-30 adult patients a day.
  • The Vulnerable Population: Homeless The Vulnerable Population: Homeless do not have permanent home. Some homeless people sleep in a shelter or hotel. An individual is considered homeless if they sleep in their car.
  • Promoting Better Health for the American Population The official statistic shows that the United States life expectancy rate is significantly lower than in the majority of developed countries of the world.
  • The Ethnicity Mixes and Growth of Houston’s Population The ethnicity mixes and growth of Houston’s population have brought about significant changes and improvements for the past three decades.
  • The Portrayal of the LGBTQ+ Population in the Media Many scholars have investigated the portrayal of the LGBTQ+ population in the media, noting that it does not always reflect reality.
  • Aging Population: A Relevant Problem of the Future Increasing the retirement age or removing pension funding entirely comes with an adverse reaction from the population, and many countries cannot afford such measures.
  • Cholera: Overview of the Affected Population and Description of the Disease The paper describes one of the latest cholera epidemics to date that began in Haiti in 2010. Only in the past 12 months, no new cases have been reported.
  • Preventing Infection and Transmission of COVID-19 in the Population To address the problem of rapid transmission of COVID, the US government created public health and safety measures, which have been implemented in many states across the country.
  • Needs of a Growing Population This paper presents that individuals should be able to access services and acquire care in all areas, regardless of their geographic locations or economic status.
  • Autistic Children as Vulnerable Population in Maryland This paper looks at the evidence that proves that the problem of autism is a reality and that it exists in Maryland.
  • HIV in Adolescent Population: Healthy Promotion Intervention Plan
  • The Health Status of a Population
  • Health Care Reform and Its Effects on Population
  • Environmental Health Status of Population
  • Population-Based Care Method Overview
  • HIV Among Adolescents: Nurse Practitioners Intervention
  • Reducing the Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetic Foot in the Veteran Population
  • Moving Upstream to Improve Population Health Down Road
  • Biological Processes and Population Health
  • Suicidal Ideation & Depression in Elderly Living in Nursing Home vs. With Family
  • Advocacy Campaign for Hypertension in African American Population
  • Photovoice of Homeless Population
  • Vulnerable Population: Dependence on Field of Interest
  • African American Population’s Health-Related Problems
  • Population Health in the United States and Canada
  • Covid-19 Pandemic and Mental Health of American Population
  • Improving the Overall Health of Vulnerable Population: Hope House Residents
  • The Issues of Aging Population
  • Affordable Care Act for North Carolina Uninsured Population
  • Aspects of Counseling African-American Population
  • An Investigation of HIV/ AIDS Prevention Program Targeted to Unique Population Group in Bangkok
  • COTA and Occupational Therapy within Adolescent Population with Cerebral Palsy
  • Enlightenment and Its Impact on the French Population and the Industrial Revolution
  • Immunization in Refugee and Immigrant Population
  • Maintaining Population Nutrition
  • The Rise in Population in Europe in the Eighteenth Century
  • Health of Population in Philadelphia Community
  • Fertility Rate as Population Dynamics Measurement
  • Issue of Aging Population: The Healthcare Challenge
  • Foodborne Illness as Population Health Concern in the US
  • Global Warming in Relation to Human Population Size
  • Suicide Prevention for the Elderly Population
  • United States of America: Population Control Programs
  • Patient Engagement and Population Management
  • Distraction from Injections in a Pediatric Population
  • Personal Responsibility and World Population
  • Average Lifespan: Human Population Data Analysis
  • COVID-19 Among the African American Population in the United States
  • Supporting the Population’s Health: The Role of Nurses
  • Issues Related to Freedom and Population Surveillance in China
  • Population Control Discussion
  • COVID-19 Impact on New York State Population

✍️ Population Essay Topics for College

  • Vulnerable Population: Safety Concerns
  • The Population-Health Oriented Policies
  • Natural Resources and Population Growth
  • The Responsibility of the Marketing Manager to the Population
  • Female Population of India
  • Population Analysis: The U.S. Versus Nigeria
  • Vulnerable Population Assessment: First Nations
  • Population, Social Movements, and Social Change
  • Limited African Population Growth and Its Reasons
  • Population-Based Health Information
  • Challenges of Treating Substance Abuse in Homeless Population
  • Depression in the Older Population
  • Access to Preventive Care as Population Health Issue
  • Telehealth for Vulnerable Population: Pros and Cons
  • Population Science Meets Real Life
  • Social Work With Native American Population
  • Indigenous Population of Brazil and the Struggle for Brazilian Rainforest
  • Esophageal Cancer: Description, Population Affected, and Prognosis
  • Cannabis Legalization in the U.S.: Population Health Impacts
  • Health Systems and Population Health: Memorandum
  • Prison Population by Ethnic Group and Sex
  • Cold War: History and Impact on Population
  • Judaism and Christianity: History and Population
  • Causes of the Changing Population of the World
  • The Great Pacific Gyre and Indigenous Population
  • Human Population Growth and Its Effects
  • Analysis of Group Setting Population
  • Population Aging and Healthcare Concerns
  • St. Louis Hopes Afghan Refugees Boost Its Population
  • Descriptive Statistics for the Infected Population
  • Population Aging: Benefits and Challenges
  • Future Fuel Price Rise and Its Impact on Population
  • Substance Abuse in Population and How to Address It
  • Political Leaning and Population Changes in Texas
  • Impact of Different Population Group on Children Development
  • Puerto Rico: Declining Human Population
  • Health Risks of Homeless Population
  • The US Economy’s Effects of the Aging Population
  • Population Growth and Agriculture in the Future
  • Human Population Growth and Environment
  • The Ugly History of Environmental Fears and Population Controls
  • Health Problems Facing the Vulnerable Population
  • Are Modern Irish Families a Positive Influence on the Health of the Irish Population?
  • Can Education Compensate for the Effect of Population Aging on Macroeconomic Performance?
  • Does Broadband Access Impact Population Growth in Rural America?
  • How and Why Has China Tried to Control Its Rapid Population?
  • Does City Location Determine Urban Population Growth?
  • What Are the Factors Which Affect the Distribution of Population?
  • Can Immigration Slow US Population Aging?
  • Does Community Social Capital Contribute to Population Health?
  • How Do War and Conflict Affect the Population of a Country?
  • Can Online Surveys Represent the Entire Population?
  • Does Gender Discrimination Contribute to India’s Population Imbalance?
  • Should Italy’s Government Develop Policies in Order to Deal With Italy’s Ageing Population?
  • Can Population Ageing Imply a Smaller Welfare State?
  • Does Malthus’s Theory Explain English Population History?
  • What Are the Causes and Consequences of Population Growth?
  • Can Population Aging Explain the Decline of Savings Rate in Japan?
  • Does More Medical Care Improve Population Health?
  • Can Population Growth Contribute to Economic Development?
  • Is Population Control Good for the Environment?
  • Does Population Growth Affect Economic Growth?
  • Can Soft Drink Taxes Reduce Population Weight?
  • Does the White Population Subconsciously Imitate the Black Race?
  • Can Sustained Economic Growth and a Declining Population Coexist?
  • Does Population Growth Threaten Humanity?
  • Should the General Population Fear Globalization?
  • Can Technological Change Sustain Retirement in an Aging Population?
  • How Can the Population of the Future Improve Their Health?
  • Can the Earth Cope With the World’s Growing Population?
  • How Does Immigration Affect the US Population?
  • Can Universal Pre-kindergarten Programs Improve Population Health and Longevity?
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  • Essay on Environment

Population growth Research Paper

Type of paper: Research Paper

Topic: Environment , Population , Environmental , Pollution , Growth , Resources , Soil , Population Growth

Published: 03/30/2023


Introduction The population of the world is growing at an alarming rate, and this has several consequences on the environment. The growth rate of the population worldwide is currently at 1.1% for each year having grown tremendously from the 1 billion in 1800 to 7.4 billion in the year 2016. The sustainability of the population on the environment is a concern as the tremendous growth rates have led to massive consequences to the environment. Population growth can be attributed to several issues that currently face the world ranging from poverty, unemployment, deforestation and environmental degradation. Problems that are specified to the environment as a result of the population boom include water pollution, global warming and deforestation due to migration as well as a strain on economic, natural resources. This has led to a scarcity of resources globally. India has specifically been affected as a cause of its growing population. The population growth rate in the country stands at 1.2% per year with the population at 1.25 billion. Most of the people in India reside in rural areas and are predominantly engaged in agricultural activities. The anti-poverty program has been helpful in the reduction of poverty levels. However, it is the primary cause of environmental degradation. This is brought about by the over-exploitation of natural resources and the excessive utilization of forests for food and fuel to meet their subsistence needs. The population increase has also led to the overutilization of water resources that has brought about contamination and exhaustion of existing services. Rivers are always being misused as disposal points for industrial effluent and untreated sewages. The resources have consistently been abused as urban populations clear forests due to the continued increase in rural-urban migration. Land use has been severally affected as there is increased with every million hectares of land supporting 7.27 million people. The soil has also been affected due to the pesticides and fertilizers used in agriculture as they reduce the soil fertility and increase acidity.

The research shall employ several methods in the collection of the relevant material that pertains to environmental degradation due to population growth. Survey methods will be used to check the levels of land use and population in cramped up areas such that there is a strain on resources in the specified areas. Population survey in a hundred meter radius in a designated area will provide accurate information on the population. The survey technique is critical in the understanding the level of land use. The other applicable method undertaken will be the use of sampling techniques to check the soil acidity levels of an area affected by pollution. This will involve a brief analysis of the soil samples in the sectors that are mostly populated to check for the presence of soil pollutants


Environmental degradation has primarily been affected by the population growth. Scientists and planners should provide effective means through which population booms can be relocated and evenly spread out over areas to reduce the rate of environmental degradation. Effective means of managing growing populations should be earmarked by planners to ensure that space areas hold the minimum number of people to reduce exhaustion of environmental resources. Due to the high discharge associated with such areas, there is a need to create the correct mechanisms through which this is degradable and does not pollute the environment through safe discharge practices. The soil is affected by a huge outlay of pressure on highly populated areas. Land consolidation is essential in ensuring that erosion does not readily occur in highly popularized areas. In regards to agricultural areas, the land cultivated should be done in a manner that allows for reuse once ample time has been provided for land fertility. The use of chemicals should be minimized to the very least to avoid pollution of soil elements. Organic fertilizers like manure should be utilized more often other than artificial fertilizers that are a threat to the environment through chemical pollutants. I am of the opinion that the initiatives to reduce poverty though beneficial must be undertaken with more safety to ensure that the environment is maintained. Efforts to improve the environment in India should be taken while putting into account the factors of population growth thus encouraging citizens to live in a sustainable manner that ensures the continued sustenance of the environment.


Population growth is an essential determinant of environmental sustainability, and there is need to check the demographics in relation to environmental preservation in India. The future outlook of the environment may be bleak if sustained population growth is not checked to reduce effectively the risks posed by the environment. For continued existence there is a need to preserve critical natural resources in the country. Policy has to be made and implemented to check on the issue of environmental population in densely populated areas. Control of pollution is essential for all types of living. Penalties should be imposed on industries that are responsible for the pollution of resources. Future generations are reliant on the use of the environment at the present moment.


Ehrlich, P. R., and J. P. Holdren. "Impact of Population Growth." Science 171, no. 3977 (1971): 1212-1217. doi:10.1126/science.171.3977.1212. Brandon Carter and Kirsten Honmann, "Valuing Environmental Costs in India: The Economy Wide Impact of Environment Degradation", (1991-92), World Bank, mimeo. Appendices. Figure 1: effect of urban population on environmental air pollution, India. (Million Hectares) Source: Economic Survey of India, 1998-99.


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Population Growth Essay

Long and short essay on population growth in english for children and students.

research essay on population growth

In this 21 st  century the World is facing a major problem of overpopulation which has become equivalent to global crisis now. Birth rate is consistently increasing resulting in a drain of resources as there is an increase in demand. This issue is as serious as some other global issue, but for any problem there is a solution.

Long and Short Essay on Population Growth in English

Here we are presenting some Population Growth essays in different word limits. You can choose any essay on the Population Growth as per your requirement:

Short Essay on Population Growth – Essay 1 (200 Words)


In today’s time the population has become one of the leading problems of world. It requires a quick and serious attention from all of us. The worst situation due to growing population now can be seen in many countries where people are struggling with shortage of food, shelter, pure water and also have to breathe polluted air.

Increased Population Affects the Natural Resources

This crisis is growing day by day and affecting completely our natural resources as more people results in more consumption of water, food, land, tree and also the fossil fuels badly impacting the environment in many ways. In current time, over population has become a curse to the existence of natural beauty. People are suffering from various diseases due to polluted air in environment.

Population may cause unemployment and also effects the economical development of any country. Due to consistently increasing level of population, poverty is also growing in many countries. People are bounded to live under limited resources and supplements. In many countries including India, population has crossed all its limits and as result we find high illiteracy level, poor health services and lack of resources in the rural areas.

Essay on Population Growth and Its Effects – Essay 2 (300 Words)

Population of the World is increasing day by day and it is becoming a huge concern for the world. As per latest data, population is already crossed 7.6 billion in the world. Increase in population affects the economic, environmental and social development of the world.

Different Country with Different Population

Population growth is not uniform in all the countries of the World. Some Countries have high growth while some are having moderate or a very low increase in their population. It creates  lot of challenges as countries with high growth are suffering with poverty, more expenses, unemployment, lack of fresh water, food, education, depletion of resources etc as a consequence of population explosion, while countries with low population growth have lack of  manpower, an increased old to young ratio , hampering the Country’s growth.

Effects of Population Growth

Let’s see how population affects a country in various ways:

  • Population increase results in more consumption of natural resources.
  • Increased demand for everything while the production of the necessary items doesn’t keep up as population growth.
  • Increase in unemployment, sometimes resulting in the youth’s misguidance towards other illegitimate methods of earning.
  • Government has to spend more on basic necessities such as education, healthcare, infrastructure, irrigation, water etc while the revenue are not increasing as per population growth, so demand and supply difference is consistently increasing, resulting an increase in prices of items.
  • Unemployment reduces the capacity of expenditure and families spent its saving on basic need and can’t afford the good education for their children. This results in low qualification and low chance of employment for children when they reach their working age. It affects the growth in economy and industrial expansion.

Population growth rate is needed to be controlled to save the World especially in those countries with faster growth rate. It will balance the system as manpower is required for the growth of country.

Essay on Population Growth is Good for a Country – Essay 3 (400 Words)

Though over population is a worldwide problem but still in some countries population is below the required rate which is also a serious issue as in those countries less people means less manpower to support and work for the development of that country. Over Population is definitely harmful for any country in many ways but it has some positive side too. Increased population leads to increase in manpower for a country where more people are easily found helping in the development of different sectors.

How Population Growth is Good for a Country?

Controlled population growth is also required for growth of the economy of any country. Let’s see how:

If population of a country is constant or is not increasing, it will create more old age people than the young people. That country will not have enough manpower to do the job. Japan is the best example as there government is motivating to increase the birth rate in an attempt to minimize the age gap. Second best example can be taken of China as 25 years ago here government implemented the rule of one child in a family. After few years when the growth rate of China started reducing and was having less young manpower, then recently they lifted this ban and allowed parents to have two children instead of one.

Population increase will create more manpower and more consumption of items required for basic / luxurious. More consumption means more industry growth to cater that consumption. More industry requires more manpower. Money circulation will improve and cost of living of the country will improve. People in the country will earn money and will educate their kids so that they can do work for the growth of country. Basically it all depends on the controlled growth of population. If population growth is higher than required, it will create problem of unemployment, poverty etc.

Over Population is always has negative impact on a country’s growth but controlled pollution growth is also required for a country to achieve success in many ways. Whether resources may be limited for over populated countries but extra manpower is definitely required for generating extra resources and making new inventions.

Essay on Population Growth in India – Essay 4 (500 Words)

Population is the count of the number of persons living in a particular region. It has reached an alarming rate in some countries. Over population can be due to many causes like illiteracy, improper knowledge of family planning, migration from different places.

India is the Second Highest Populated Country in World

According to survey this whole World is inhabited by around 7.6 billion humans among which a major part 17% of the total population of world is residing in India i.e. more than 125 crore people. Adding to this around 21% Indians are below poverty level as a result of uncontrolled population growth. This may lead to disastrous effects in future and thus it is required to control it in order to live a safe and healthy life.

According to Census of 2011, India’s population has crossed 121 crore and it is at second position after the China in the world. Presently this figure may have crossed 130 crore and in near future, it will surpass that of China China. India is facing a big challenge as population growth. It is adversely affecting India’s economical condition and also responsible for poverty and low living standard of people.

Government has to spend more to provide the basic things at the subsidized rate to cater to the massive population of below poverty line (BPL) consumers. As Government is providing subsidy on basic items, it is left with a minimal amount to be used in, developmental projects aiding to the growth in economy. Government has the fewer amounts to spend on social services such as education, hospital, housing, infrastructure etc which are essentially required for a progressive country. Therefore, a planned growth of our economy needs some effective check on population explosion.

Illiteracy is the Major Cause of over-Population

Illiteracy is the main cause in India for the population growth. People living below poverty line (BPL) are not aware of the consequence of this population growth owe to their illiteracy. People think that more children mean they will earn more money for the family without realizing its impact. Sometimes parents desire boy as they think that he will popular his name and family name. Sometimes they give birth to 3-4 girl children in the desire of single boy.

How Overpopulation causes Unemployment

Overpopulation is the main cause for the unemployment in India. We can see that for any examination or vacancy, millions applications are received. It increases the competition and sometimes people use the bribe to get the job. It also increases the corruption in the system which is India’s growing concern.

Role of Government for Controlling Population in India

Government has taken various initiatives to educate the people about the benefits of family planning. Some major steps are noted here:

  • Government has amended the law and fixed the minimum age for marriage of boy and girl.
  • Government is creating awareness among people about the importance of family planning, equality of boys and girls, by various advertisements on TV, posters in village etc.
  • Government is promoting the education of child by taking minimum fees, providing free mid-day meal, free uniform, books etc.

To make a country developed and powerful every citizen of that country need to take step on his own end apart from blaming on others. Over population may be the biggest cause for the destruction of a nation. We must find out effective solutions to the problem in order to achieve success as a Nation.

Long Essay on Causes, Effects, Solutions of Population Growth – Essay 5 (600 Words)

At present situation the problem of overpopulation comes under the category of global crisis which is growing day by day and with each passing second. This essay is specially written for understanding the issues its causes, its affects and most importantly the solution.

Over Population: Causes, Effects and Solutions

Over population means an increase in the number of people in an area than the number, the resources of that particular area can sustain. Many causes are behind this problem some are:

Causes of Population Growth

  • Growth rate of population is higher in developing countries. Reason for this increase is mainly due to lack of knowledge of family planning. Mostly people who are contributing for population growth are illiterate and living below of poverty line. They are also getting their child marrying at an early age without understanding its implication.
  • Mostly people come from the rural areas to urban areas/city for the job opportunities or employment and improvement in life style. It creates imbalance in city and shortage of resources.
  • Improvement in medical technology/treatment reduces the mortality rate for many serious diseases. A lot of chronic diseases or deadly viruses such as measles, small pox are being treated with the improvement in medical services.
  • With the improvement in medical science, it has become possible for couple who are unable to conceive, to undergo fertility treatment methods and have their own babies. Moreover, due to awareness, people go to the hospital for routine checkups and delivery, which are safer for the mother and baby.
  • As population increases, consumption of basic need such as food and water will also increase. However Earth can produce a limited amount of water and food, which is lesser in comparison to consumption, leading to an increase in prices.
  • Forests are depleting to cater the growth of urbanization that is affecting animals in the forest, causing pollution and imbalance in ecology. Natural resources are depleting very fast due to overuse of coal, oil and natural gas etc. It is creating serious effects on our environment.
  • With the increase in population, number of vehicles and industries has increased significantly; badly affecting the quality of air. Rise in amount of release of greenhouse gases causing global warming, which causes melting of ice from iceberg and glaciers. Changing climate patterns, rise in sea level are few of the consequences that we might have to face due to environmental pollution.
  • Overpopulation has increased the acts of violence and aggression as people are competing with each other for getting resources and achieving good lifestyle.

Solutions to Protect Population Growth

  • Developed countries are not facing problem of overpopulation as people in develop countries are educated and they are aware of consequences of having more kids. While in developing countries, people are not well educated and have no proper idea about family planning. If the education improves then they will understand disadvantage of having more than one or two children.
  • In slum areas government has continuously provided some awareness programs to make understand families about the hard life they will have to face with four or five or more children. They also guide them about family planning and efficient birth control.
  • Government should impose some restrictions/hard method to control the number of children per couple. Government should also provide some incentives or tax exemption to curb overpopulation.

To live a better life every family need to have proper family planning in manner to provide their kids complete nutritious food, proper shelter, best education and other important resources. A country can only get success when its citizens are healthy and live a happy and content life. Thus controlled population is the key to the success for every Country in the World.

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Mobile C-Arms Market Size Worth USD 2.07 Billion in 2032 | Emergen Research

The growth of the mobile c-arms market is attributed to the growing pool of geriatric population leading to higher incidence of chronic diseases across the globe.


Vancouver, Nov. 20, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The global Mobile C-Arms Market will be worth USD 2.07 billion by 2032, according to a current analysis by Emergen Research. The primary factors fueling the growth of the market are the increasing pool of geriatric population and the growing emergence of chronic diseases, technological advancements in imaging capabilities and maneuverability as well as growing demand in emerging economies.

Over the recent past, imaging systems have become an essential technology and are present in nearly all well-equipped hospitals. Healthcare professionals across fields, like vascular surgery, orthopedics, traumatology, surgery, and cardiology utilize C-arms for intraoperative imaging. The devices equipped with the technology which offer good quality images in real-time, which ideally aids physicians to track progress at a specific point during the operation and make required corrections. Hence, patients recover faster due to enhanced workflow. C-arms are presently being utilized in various areas of medicine and their applications are expected to increase over time. This is likely to affect the growth of the market positively.

Request Free Sample Copy (To Understand the Complete Structure of this Report [Summary + TOC]) @ https://www.emergenresearch.com/request-sample/309

This report forecasts revenue growth at a global, regional, and country level and provides an analysis of the Mobile C-Arms market trends in each of the sub-segments. The scope of the report can be defined as:

Scope of Research

Emergen Research is Offering Limited Time Discount (Grab a Copy at Discounted Price Now) @ https://www.emergenresearch.com/request-discount/309

MAJOR COMPANIES and Market Share Analysis

The market for Mobile C-Arms is highly fragmented with a large number of small as well as medium-sized manufacturers, which account for a major global share of the market. The manufacturers involved in the Mobile C-Arms Market are desegregated across the value chain. Some of the prominent players in the Mobile C-Arms Market include:

  • A&D Medical (LifeSource)
  • Opto Circuits Limited
  • Exergen Corporation
  • Microlife Corporation
  • Radiant Innovation Inc.
  • Geratherm Medical AG

Strategic Development

In February 2019, Philips launched mobile C-arm platform named Zenition. The platform has the ability to adapt to a wide range of surgical specialties in order to enhance operating room utilization and increase workflow efficiency.

  Some Key Highlights from the Report

  • In September 2019, Xograph launched mini C-arm from Orthoscan at the British Orthopaedic Association Congress. The technology is focused to meticulously improve intraoperative extremity in the field of image guidance.
  • C-arms are presently being utilized in various areas of medicine which has also widened the areas of applications over time. The aforesaid factors, along with the growing demand for healthcare infrastructure particularly across developing economies, are propelling the market growth.
  • The focus on portable c-arms has increased over the years, have increased the opportunity for companies producing mini C-arms. The increased mobility compared to the full-size c-arms have increased maneuverability and efficiency to the peak. The mini c-arm category which are available presently often vary considerably in size and affordability depending upon the functionality which are provided for different procedures.

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Emergen Research has segmented the global Mobile C-Arms Market on the basis of type, application, and region:

  • Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion; 2019-2032)
  • Full-Size C-Arms
  • Mini C-Arms 
  • Application Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion; 2019-2032)
  • Orthopedics and Trauma
  • Pain Management
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Regional Outlook (Revenue: USD Billion; 2019-2032 )

  • Rest of Europe
  • South Korea
  • Rest of APAC
  • Rest of LATAM
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Hemodynamic Monitoring Devices Market Size, Share, Trends, By Product (Monitors, Disposables), By Type (Minimally Invasive Hemodynamic Monitoring Systems, Invasive Hemodynamic Monitoring Systems, Noninvasive Hemodynamic Monitoring Systems), By End-use, and By Region Forecast to 2028

 About Emergen Research

Emergen Research is a market research and consulting company that provides syndicated research reports, customized research reports, and consulting services. Our solutions purely focus on your purpose to locate, target, and analyze consumer behavior shifts across demographics, across industries, and help clients make smarter business decisions. We offer market intelligence studies ensuring relevant and fact-based research across multiple industries, including Healthcare, Touch Points, Chemicals, Types, and Energy.

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  17. Effect of Population Growth on Economic Development in India

    PDF | On Mar 20, 2016, Bhanu Phani Krishna and others published Effect of Population Growth on Economic Development in India | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate

  18. ≡Essays on Population Growth. Free Examples of Research Paper Topics

    Population Growth 2 The Population Explosion: Causes and Consequences 2 pages / 692 words Until recently, birth rates and mortality rates were the same, keeping the population stable. Man has many children, but a large number die before age five.

  19. Population Growth Essays & Research Papers

    Population Growth In China From 1955 To 2020. Population Growth. China are said to be developed nation with highest number of population. In 1970 there was drastic decrease in China's fertility rate, after a period of fluctuation of fertility rate around replacement level in 1920's, there was drop of fertility rate below replacement level ...

  20. Population Growth Research Paper

    Current estimates suggest that there may have been 5 to 10 million humans ten thousand years ago; 50 million five thousand years ago; and 250 million just one thousand years ago. Agriculture stimulated population growth in many ways.

  21. 360 Population Essay Topic Ideas & Examples

    The paper examines the causes and effects of population growth in human beings. On the other hand, building manufacturing industries change the ecosystem of a given place, in addition to air and water pollution. Effects of Population Density

  22. Population Growth Essay Examples

    Any population can change in matters of size and/or composition. Demographic measures are accounted for by three main components. The three components are birth, death, and migration. The equation for population change is P= (+) births (-) deaths (+) in-migration (-) out migration. There are positive and negative outlooks on human population ...

  23. 274 Population Essay Topics & Research Titles at StudyCorgi

    StudyCorgi Topic Ideas 274 Population Essay Topics Updated: Sep 13th, 2023 Table of Contents 🏆 Best Essay Topics on Population 👍 Good Population Research Topics & Essay Examples 🌶️ Hot Population Ideas to Write about 🎓 Most Interesting Population Research Titles 📌 Easy Population Essay Topics Research Questions About Population

  24. Research Paper On Population growth

    The population growth rate in the country stands at 1.2% per year with the population at 1.25 billion. Most of the people in India reside in rural areas and are predominantly engaged in agricultural activities. The anti-poverty program has been helpful in the reduction of poverty levels.

  25. Population Growth Essay

    Essay on Population Growth and Its Effects - Essay 2 (300 Words) Introduction. Population of the World is increasing day by day and it is becoming a huge concern for the world. As per latest data, population is already crossed 7.6 billion in the world. Increase in population affects the economic, environmental and social development of the world.

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    The research shows that deltas face multiple risks, and that population growth and poor environmental governance might pose bigger threats than climate change to the sustainability of Asian and ...

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    The global veterinary electrosurgery market is valued at an estimated USD 85 million in 2023 and is projected to reach USD 120 million by 2028, at a CAGR of 7.3% during the forecast period. The ...

  28. Mobile C-Arms Market Size Worth USD 2.07 Billion in 2032

    The growth of the Mobile C-Arms market is attributed to the growing pool of geriatric population leading to higher incidence of chronic diseases across the globe. Vancouver, Nov. 20, 2023 (GLOBE ...