research paper with citations example

How to Cite a Research Paper in Each Research Paper Format

research paper with citations example

Dissertations, thesis, and all kinds of academic papers will need to be cited using citation styles, such as APA, MLA, or Chicago. Citing academic papers properly are done to counteract plagiarism. These citing formats are used to recognize related literary pieces and to mention references used. You should study various citing styles and research paper well before producing essays or any other pieces of academic writing. In this article, our term paper writers have prepared information on how to format research papers as well as how to properly reference academic papers.

APA Research Paper Format

APA (American Psychological Association) research paper format is often used in papers related to psychology and social sciences. In this citation, there is a general format in referencing through endnotes/footnotes, in-text, and reference pages. Academic papers in APA citation has general writing guidelines.

Papers should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5" x 11") with 1" margins on all sides. You should use a clear font that is highly readable. APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font. Include a page header at the top of every page. To create a page header, insert page numbers flush right. Then type the title of your paper in the header flush left using all capital letters. The page header is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation.

research paper with citations example

Talking about how to write a research paper in APA format, your APA paper should have four major sections :

Be sure to read about how to write an essay format . In article, we talked about the differences between formats.

How to Cite a Research Paper in APA

There are specific rules to follow when citing a research paper in APA. The following are the specific formats to follow:

  • Book: Author, A.A.. (Year of Publication). The Title of work. Publisher City, State: Publisher.
  • Example : Finney, J. (1970). Time and again. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
  • Magazine: Author, A.A.. (Year, a month of Publication). Article title. Magazine Title, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp.
  • Example : Tumulty, K. (2006, April). Should they stay or should they go? Time, 167(15), 3-40.
  • Newspaper: Author, A.A.. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Magazine Title, pp. xx-xx. Rosenberg, G. (1997, March 31). An electronic discovery proves an effective legal weapon.The New York Times, p. D5.
  • Website: Author, A.A.. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Retrieved from URL
  • Example : Simmons, B. (2015, January 9). The tale of two Flaccos. Retrieved from {link}

These citing formats are used to recognize related literary pieces and to mention references used. You don't need to cite information about yourself or your own thoughts. For example, when listing education on resume you don't need any citations. However, you should study various citing styles and research well before producing any other piece of academic writing.

Do you need the help of a custom essay writer ? They are always here and ready to help with essay .

MLA Research Paper Format

MLA (Modern Language Association) format format is commonly used in liberal arts and humanities. Let’s talk a bit about how to write a research paper in MLA format. This format has principles rather than a set of specific rules to be followed. Papers in MLA format provides a process of documentation.

MLA recommends using Times New Roman font in size 12. The entire paper should be double spaced with 1-inch margins on all sides. Tab once to indent paragraphs (½ inch). Your last name and a page number should be inserted on the upper right-hand corner of the first page.

research paper with citations example

How to Cite a Research Paper in MLA Format

The following are formats to follow in citing research paper in MLA format:

  • Book: Last Name, First Name. Book Title. Publisher City: Publisher Name, Year Published. Medium.
  • Example : Smith, John. The Sample Book. Pittsburgh: BibMe, 2008. Print.
  • Magazine: Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Magazine Name Publication Date: Page Numbers. Medium.
  • Example : Smith, John. “Obama inaugurated as President.” Time 21 Jan. 2009: 21-23. Print.
  • Newspaper: Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Newspaper Name Publication Date: Page Numbers. Medium.
  • Example : Smith, John. “Steelers win Super Bowl XLIII.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2 Feb. 2009: 4-6. Print.
  • Website: Last Name, First Name. “Page Title.” Website Title.Sponsoring Institution/Publisher. Publication Date: Page Numbers. Medium.
  • Example : Smith, John. “Obama inaugurated as President.” CNN.com. Cable News Network, 21 Jan. 2009. Web. 1 Feb. 2009.

Read more about HOW TO CITE A RESEARCH PAPER USING MLA FORMAT

Research Paper in Chicago Style

The Chicago style of citing is commonly used in humanities. It requires writers to cite sources in endnotes or footnotes. This citation provides the author with an avenue to express accountability and credibility to related literature or references used in written material. It helps an academic writer provide quotations in a research paper, as well as being commonly used for book bibliographies.

research paper with citations example

Look at our movie review example and try to determine what format it is written in.

How to Cite a Research Paper in Chicago Style

The following are Chicago style formats to follow:

  • Book: Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher City: Publisher Name, Year Published.
  • Example : Brown, Dan. The DaVinci Code. New York: Scholastic, 2004.
  • Magazine: Last Name, First Name. Article title. Magazine Title, Month Date, Year of publication.
  • Example : Chan, Dan. The art of pandas. Panda Magazine, Nov 10, 1985.
  • Newspaper: Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Newspaper Name, Publication Date.
  • Example : Smith, John. “Steelers win Super Bowl XLIII.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 2, 2009.
  • Website: Last Name, First Name. “Page Title.” Website Title. Web Address (retrieved Date Accessed).
  • Example : Smith, John. “Obama inaugurated as President.” {link} (accessed February 1, 2009).

ASA Research Paper Format

The leading American method of referencing and quotation created by Sociological Association. Sociological students and scholars use the ASA citation format primarily for writing university research papers in sociology or for submitting articles to ASA journals.

For the detailed information about ASA elements of style, visit the American Sociological Association official website or read our Guide to ASA Citation and Writing Style.

research paper with citations example

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How to Cite a Research Paper in ASA Format

  • Book: Author’s Last and First Name. Year of Publication. Title. Country of Publisher: Publisher.
  • Example: James, Henry. 2003. The Turn of the Screw. New York: Barns & Noble Books.
  • E-Books: Author’s Last and First Name. Year of Publication. Title. Country of Publisher: Publisher. Retrieved Month Day, Year {link}.
  • Example: James, Henry. 2003. The Turn of the Screw. New York: Penguin Books Kindle Version. Retrieved January 18, 2017. {link}
  • Journal Article: Author’s Last and First Name. Year of Publication. "Title." Journal Name issue #: inclusive page numbers.
  • Example: Feekins, Bo. 2008. “Chasing Tree Frogs.” National Geographic #182. 6-10
  • Magazine Article: Author’s Last and First Name. Year of Pub. "Title." Magazine Name, Month Year, pp. Inclusive page numbers.
  • Example: Geary, Rachel. 2012. “The Issue with Mastery Learning.” New York Times, April 2002. Pp. 15-23.
  • Website: Author’s Last and First Name. Date of Publishing. Title. Publisher. Retrieved Month Day, Year {link}.
  • Example: Lee, Bruce. 03.09.2004. Birth of a Nation. Retrieved 18.01.2017. {link}

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  • Research Paper Format | APA, MLA, & Chicago Templates

Research Paper Format | APA, MLA, & Chicago Templates

Published on November 19, 2022 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on January 20, 2023.

The formatting of a research paper is different depending on which style guide you’re following. In addition to citations , APA, MLA, and Chicago provide format guidelines for things like font choices, page layout, format of headings and the format of the reference page.

Scribbr offers free Microsoft Word templates for the most common formats. Simply download and get started on your paper.

APA |  MLA | Chicago author-date | Chicago notes & bibliography

  • Generate an automatic table of contents
  • Generate a list of tables and figures
  • Ensure consistent paragraph formatting
  • Insert page numbering

Table of contents

Formatting an apa paper, formatting an mla paper, formatting a chicago paper, frequently asked questions about research paper formatting.

The main guidelines for formatting a paper in APA Style are as follows:

  • Use a standard font like 12 pt Times New Roman or 11 pt Arial.
  • Set 1 inch page margins.
  • Apply double line spacing.
  • If submitting for publication, insert a APA running head on every page.
  • Indent every new paragraph ½ inch.

Watch the video below for a quick guide to setting up the format in Google Docs.

The image below shows how to format an APA Style title page for a student paper.

APA title page - student version (7th edition)

Running head

If you are submitting a paper for publication, APA requires you to include a running head on each page. The image below shows you how this should be formatted.

APA running head (7th edition)

For student papers, no running head is required unless you have been instructed to include one.

APA provides guidelines for formatting up to five levels of heading within your paper. Level 1 headings are the most general, level 5 the most specific.

APA headings (7th edition)

Reference page

APA Style citation requires (author-date) APA in-text citations throughout the text and an APA Style reference page at the end. The image below shows how the reference page should be formatted.

APA reference page (7th edition)

Note that the format of reference entries is different depending on the source type. You can easily create your citations and reference list using the free APA Citation Generator.

Generate APA citations for free

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The main guidelines for writing an MLA style paper are as follows:

  • Use an easily readable font like 12 pt Times New Roman.
  • Use title case capitalization for headings .

Check out the video below to see how to set up the format in Google Docs.

On the first page of an MLA paper, a heading appears above your title, featuring some key information:

  • Your full name
  • Your instructor’s or supervisor’s name
  • The course name or number
  • The due date of the assignment

MLA heading

Page header

A header appears at the top of each page in your paper, including your surname and the page number.

MLA page header

Works Cited page

MLA in-text citations appear wherever you refer to a source in your text. The MLA Works Cited page appears at the end of your text, listing all the sources used. It is formatted as shown below.

The format of the MLA Works Cited page

You can easily create your MLA citations and save your Works Cited list with the free MLA Citation Generator.

Generate MLA citations for free

The main guidelines for writing a paper in Chicago style (also known as Turabian style) are:

  • Use a standard font like 12 pt Times New Roman.
  • Use 1 inch margins or larger.
  • Place page numbers in the top right or bottom center.

Format of a Chicago Style paper

Chicago doesn’t require a title page , but if you want to include one, Turabian (based on Chicago) presents some guidelines. Lay out the title page as shown below.

Example of a Chicago Style title page

Bibliography or reference list

Chicago offers two citation styles : author-date citations plus a reference list, or footnote citations plus a bibliography. Choose one style or the other and use it consistently.

The reference list or bibliography appears at the end of the paper. Both styles present this page similarly in terms of formatting, as shown below.

Chicago bibliography

To format a paper in APA Style , follow these guidelines:

  • Use a standard font like 12 pt Times New Roman or 11 pt Arial
  • Set 1 inch page margins
  • Apply double line spacing
  • Include a title page
  • If submitting for publication, insert a running head on every page
  • Indent every new paragraph ½ inch
  • Apply APA heading styles
  • Cite your sources with APA in-text citations
  • List all sources cited on a reference page at the end

The main guidelines for formatting a paper in MLA style are as follows:

  • Use an easily readable font like 12 pt Times New Roman
  • Include a four-line MLA heading on the first page
  • Center the paper’s title
  • Use title case capitalization for headings
  • Cite your sources with MLA in-text citations
  • List all sources cited on a Works Cited page at the end

The main guidelines for formatting a paper in Chicago style are to:

  • Use a standard font like 12 pt Times New Roman
  • Use 1 inch margins or larger
  • Place page numbers in the top right or bottom center
  • Cite your sources with author-date citations or Chicago footnotes
  • Include a bibliography or reference list

To automatically generate accurate Chicago references, you can use Scribbr’s free Chicago reference generator .

Cite this Scribbr article

If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.

Caulfield, J. (2023, January 20). Research Paper Format | APA, MLA, & Chicago Templates. Scribbr. Retrieved August 24, 2023, from https://www.scribbr.com/research-paper/research-paper-format/

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Research Paper Guide

How To Cite A Research Paper

Nova A.

How to Cite a Research Paper - Learn with Helpful Examples

11 min read

Published on: Jan 26, 2018

Last updated on: Mar 16, 2023

How to Cite a Research Paper

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If you are in school, then you are probably assigned to research and write a paper. As part of the process, it's important to cite your sources so that readers can easily find them and read more about what you found.

In this blog post, you will be guided through the steps about how to cite a research paper properly. You will be shown helpful examples of citing different types of sources such as websites, books, scholarly journals, and more. This is your one-stop-shop for all things citation-related!

Moreover, different  citation styles  and referencing styles follow different formats. The goal is to help make the task of correctly citing sources less intimidating so that you can focus on getting your work done.

Stay with us and read on to know more.

What is a Citation Style?

A citation style is a set of rules and guidelines that help the students format their papers in a certain way. It is important when referring to other people’s work and using the details and sources of other researchers.

Usually, the citation styles are published in official handbooks and booklets. They also have relevant and ample examples, instructions, and explanations to help the readers understand better.

The information added in all of the citation styles remains the same. It includes the author’s full name, the name of the cited work, the year of publication, page numbers, the name of the website, and the place of publication. However, the order in which they are presented is different in every citation style.

When working on any of the styles, it is important to follow these details and format them accordingly.

Why is Following Citation Styles Important?

The main reason to cite the added sources and details is to avoid academic theft and intellectual dishonesty. Adding and presenting ideas and quotes of other scholars and researchers without crediting them properly is punishable by law. The person would even have to face legal consequences.

Below are some core reasons to add citations to your work.

  • To avoid plagiarism and credit the actual writers and researchers  - It is important because you should acknowledge their efforts instead of taking all of the information for your own use.

To conform to intellectual property rights  - When conducting research, you may come across information and details that are intellectual property. These include patented material, trademarks, industrial designs, creative works, and architectural designs. Using it without crediting can result in a complaint about your work.

  • To add and provide proof of your research  - Citing the added details, studies, and research proves the credibility of your work.
  • Helps the readers check the presented data themselves  - With text citations and references, they can verify facts and sources in a reliable manner. This is evidence of your professionalism as well as honesty.

How to Cite a Research Paper in Different Referencing Styles?

As discussed earlier, different referring styles follow different patterns in which the details are added and presented. Below, we have explained some of the important citation styles and ways to cite them correctly.

APA Research Paper Format

The American Psychological Association, APA is the simplest kind of citation and probably the most commonly used citation style. Students and researchers use it to format their work in subjects of humanities, psychology, and social sciences.

General Guidelines  - The paper should be double-spaced, have 1” margins on all sides and be written in the Times New Roman font style. Other than this, you can use any other font style that is easy to read and understand.

Add a header on top of each page. The header must have a short title of your essay’s name and the page number in the top right corner.

Below are the different citation formats for different kinds of sources.

For Books:  Author, A.A.. (Year of Publication). The Title of work. Publisher City, State: Publisher.

Example: Williams, J. (1970). Time and Again. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.

For Magazines:  Author, A.A.. (Year, a month of Publication). Article title. Magazine Title, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp.

Example: Tumulty, K. (2006, April). Should they stay, or should they go? Time, 167(15), 3-40.

For Newspapers:  Author, A.A.. (Year, Month, Date of Publication). Article title. Magazine Title, pp. xx-xx.

Example: Rosenberg, G. (1997, March 31). Electronic discovery proves an effective legal weapon. The New York Times, p. D5.

For Websites:  Author, A.A.. (Year, Month, Date of Publication). Article title. Retrieved from URL

Example: Simmons, B. (2015, January 9). The tale of two Flaccos. Retrieved from {link}

For multiple authors, you do not have to add all the authors in the list or even in the in-text citation. For more, read a complete  APA format guide  and learn to style your paper and citations accordingly.

MLA Research Paper Format

MLA or the Modern Language Association is another common citation style. It is usually used in the field and subjects of humanities and liberal arts. This citation helps the writers and researchers add detailed and refined information in the essays and other academic work.

General Guidelines  - This kind of essay or research paper does not have a separate title page, and the details are added on the first page of the essay. The page is double-spaced and with 1” margins on all four sides of the page. The preferred font size is 12 pt. and Times New Roman is generally used.

The heading added on the first page to the upper left corner of the page must include the following details;

  • Your full name
  • The full name of your teacher
  • Course title
  • Date of submission

The upper right corner of the header will include your last name and the page number.

Here is the MLA style citation to cite sources of different kinds.

For Books:  Last Name, First Name. Book Title. Publisher City: Publisher Name, Year Published. Medium.

Example: Smith, John. The Sample Book. Pittsburgh: BibMe, 2008. Print.

For Magazines:  Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Magazine Name Publication Date: Page Numbers. Medium.

Example: Smith, John. “Obama inaugurated as President.” Time 21 Jan. 2009: 21-23. Print.

For Newspapers:  Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Newspaper Name Publication Date: Page Numbers. Medium.

Example: Smith, John. “Steelers win Super Bowl XLIII.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2 Feb. 2009: 4-6. Print.

For Websites:  Last Name, First Name. “Page Title.” Website Title. Sponsoring Institution/Publisher. Publication Date: Page Numbers. Medium.

Example: Smith, John. “Obama inaugurated as President.” CNN.com. Cable News Network, 21 Jan. 2009. Web. 1 Feb. 2009.

A comprehensive  MLA format guide  will help you know and understand this style guide properly. The style uses parenthetical citations and refers to its references as ‘Works Cited.’

Chicago Style Research Paper Format

Chicago style is mainly used in the field of humanities. It is different from both the APA style and MLA citation styles. Besides citing references, the student must add additional information and details in the endnotes and footnotes sections in quotation marks. The style allows the students to add credible literature and references to the content.

General Guidelines  - The paper should have 1” margins on all four sides of the page, must be double-spaced, and written in Times New Roman font. However, the double-space will not apply to table titles, blockquotes, captions of the figures, and due dates.

The page numbers will be added in the header of the first page and will begin with number 1. The page numbering will continue throughout the entire paper, including the reference list and bibliography.

Here is how you should cite different sources in a Chicago style paper.

For Books:  Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher City: Publisher Name, Year Published.

Example: Brown, Dan. The DaVinci Code. New York: Scholastic, 2004.

For Magazines:  Last Name, First Name. Article title. Magazine Title, Month Date, Year of publication.

Example: Chan, Dan. The art of pandas. Panda Magazine, Nov 10, 1985.

For Newspapers:  Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Newspaper Name, Publication Date.

Example: Smith, John. “Steelers win Super Bowl XLIII.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 2, 2009.

For Websites:  Last Name, First Name. “Page Title.” Website Title. Web Address (retrieved Date Accessed).

Example: Smith, John. “Obama inaugurated as President.” {link} (accessed February 1, 2009).

Chicago style format  has many other conventions also, and you can learn them by going through a detailed guide.

ASA Research Paper Format

The citation style is developed by the Sociological Association. The students, researchers, and scholars of Sociology use this citation style for writing their university research papers.

These papers are related to Sociology, and the style is also used for submitting research articles to peer-reviewed ASA journals.

General Guidelines  - The paper must have a separate abstract page before the title page, and the title must be added again as a heading. The abstract should not exceed 200 words and should be precise and brief.

The preferred font style and size are Times New Roman and 12 pt. with 1 to ¼ inches of margins on all sides of the page.

The page numbers should be added on every page and in the top right corner. ASA style research papers must also have three to five keywords that the writer should mention at the beginning of the paper.

Here is how you should cite different kinds of sources in an ASA paper.

For Books:  Author’s Last and First Name. Year of Publication. Title. Country of Publisher: Publisher.

Example: James, Henry. 2003. The Turn of the Screw. New York: Barnes & Noble Books.

For E-Books:  Author’s Last and First Name. Year of Publication. Title. Country of Publisher: Publisher. Retrieved Month Day, Year {link}.

Example: James, Henry. 2003. The Turn of the Screw. New York: Penguin Books Kindle Version. Retrieved January 18, 2017. {link}

For Journal Articles:  Author’s Last and First Name. Year of Publication. "Title." Journal Name issue #: inclusive page numbers.

Example: Feekins, Bo. 2008. “Chasing Tree Frogs.” National Geographic #182. 6-10

For Magazine Articles:  Author’s Last and First Name. Year of Pub. "Title." Magazine Name, Month Year, pp. Inclusive page numbers.

Example: Geary, Rachel. 2012. “The Issue with Mastery Learning.” New York Times, April 2002. Pp. 15-23.

For Websites:  Author’s Last and First Name. Date of Publishing. Title. Publisher. Retrieved Month Day, Year {link}.

Example: Lee, Bruce. 03.09.2004. Birth of a Nation. Retrieved 18.01.2017. {link}

Read this complete  ASA format and citation  guide to know more about the citation style.

IEEE Style Research Paper Format

IEEE stands for the Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). This style is managed by a professional organization for various technical industries and is mainly used in electronics, engineering, computer science, and telecommunication.

The in-text citations used in this format are added in the form of numbered brackets that further refer to full-length references.

General Guidelines  - The page layout should be as follows:

  • Top - 19mm (0.75")
  • Bottom - 43mm (1.69")
  • Left & Right - 14.32mm (0.56")

The text font should be Times New Roman, and the font size should be 10 pt. The spacing should be single, and the first line of each paragraph should be indented.

Here is the citation guide for different sources in the IEEE format.

For Books:  J. K. Author, “Title of chapter in the book,” in Title of His Published Book, xth ed. City of Publisher, (only U.S. State), Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec. x, pp. xxx–xxx.

Example: [1] W. K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: WadsworthPress, 2003.

For Conference Papers : J. K. Author, “Title of paper,” presented at the Abbreviated Name of Conf., City of Conf., Abbrev. State, Country, Month and day(s), year, Paper number.

Example: D. Caratelli, M. C. Viganó, G. Toso, and P. Angeletti, “Analytical placement technique for sparse arrays,” presented at the 32nd ESA Antenna Workshop, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, Oct. 5p, 2010.

For Periodicals:  J. K. Author, “Name of paper,” Abbrev. Title of Periodical, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year.

Example: M. Ito et al., “Application of amorphous oxide TFT to electrophoretic display,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids, vol. 354, no. 19, pp. 2777–2782, Fp. 2008.

For Software Manuals:  J. K. Author (or Abbrev. Name of Co., City of Co. Abbrev. State, Country). Name of Manual/Handbook, x ed. (year). Accessed: Date. [Online]. Available: http://www.url.com

For more about the IEEE style, first, read the complete  IEEE citation and format  guide.

Get Help with your Research Work!

Research papers are not about research and writing only. They involve several other things also like formatting your paper and adding proper and correct citations. But, this could be difficult for many students.

MyPerfectWords.com  provides the  best writing services  that provides quality research paper writing help to everyone. We have native and professional  essay writers  who are always ready to complete your work within the set deadline.

All you need to do is to place your  order  and get a properly formatted and cited paper in no time.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you cite an online paper.

Include information in the following order while citing an online paper. 

  • Author’s name 
  • Page title (in italics) 
  • Name of the sponsor of the site (if available) 
  • Accessed day, month, and year 

How do you cite sources in an essay?

When you cite sources in an essay, list the author's last name only, and the year the information was published. 

For example, 

(Author, Date) 

(Dodge, 2008) 

How do you properly cite a website?

For citing a website properly, include: 

  • The title of the posting (in quotation marks) 
  • The website name (in italics) 
  • The publisher 
  • The posting date 
  • The date of access 

Nova A. (Literature, Marketing)

Nova Allison is a Digital Content Strategist with over eight years of experience. Nova has also worked as a technical and scientific writer. She is majorly involved in developing and reviewing online content plans that engage and resonate with audiences. Nova has a passion for writing that engages and informs her readers.

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How to Cite a Research Paper in APA

Last Updated: October 19, 2022 References

This article was co-authored by wikiHow Staff . Our trained team of editors and researchers validate articles for accuracy and comprehensiveness. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. There are 12 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 151,401 times. Learn more...

If you’re citing a research article or paper in APA style, you’ll need to use a specific citation format that varies depending on the source. Assess whether your source is an article or report published in an academic journal or book, or whether it is an unpublished research paper, such as a print-only thesis or dissertation. Either way, your in-text citations will need to include information about the author (if available) and the date when your source was published or written.

Sample Citations

research paper with citations example

Writing an In-Text Citation

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 1

  • For example, you may write, “Gardener (2008) notes, ‘There are several factors to consider about lobsters’ (p. 199).”

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 2

  • For example, you may write, “‘There are several factors to consider about lobsters’ (Gardner, 2008, p. 199).” Or, “The paper claims, ‘The fallen angel trope is common in religious and non-religious texts’ (Meek & Hill, 2015, p.13-14).”
  • For articles with 3-5 authors, write out the names of all the authors the first time you cite the source. For example: (Hammett, Wooster, Smith, & Charles, 1928). In subsequent citations, write only the first author’s name, followed by et al.: (Hammett et al., 1928).
  • If there are 6 or more authors for the paper, include the last name of the first author listed and then write "et al." to indicate that there are more than 5 authors.
  • For example, you may write, "'This is a quote' (Minaj et al., 1997, p. 45)."

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 3

  • For example, you may write, “‘The risk of cervical cancer in women is rising’ (American Cancer Society, 2012, p. 2).”

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 4

  • For example, you may write, “‘Shakespeare may have been a woman’ (“Radical English Literature,” 2004, p. 45).” Or, “The paper notes, ‘There is a boom in Virgin Mary imagery’ (“Art History in Italy,” 2011, p. 32).”

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 5

  • For example, you may write, “‘There are several factors to consider about lobsters’ (Gardner, 2008, p. 199).” Or, “The paper claims, ‘The fallen angel trope is common in religious and non-religious texts’ (“Iconography in Italian Frescos,” 2015, p.13-14).”

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 6

  • For example, you may write, “‘There are several factors to consider about lobsters’ (Gardner, 2008, p. 199).” Or, “The paper claims, ‘The fallen angel trope is common in religious and non-religious texts’ (“Iconography in Italian Frescos,” 2015, p.145-146).”

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 8

  • For example, you may write, “‘The effects of food deprivation are long-term’ (Mett, 2005, para. 18).”

Creating a Reference List Citation for a Published Source

  • Material on websites is also considered “published,” even if it’s not peer-reviewed or associated with a formal publishing company.
  • While academic dissertations or theses that are print-only are considered unpublished, these types of documents are considered published if they’re included in an online database (such as ProQuest) or incorporated into an institutional repository.

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 9

  • For example, you may write, “Gardner, L. M.” Or, “Meek, P. Q., Kendrick, L. H., & Hill, R. W.”
  • If there is no author, you can list the name of the organization that published the research paper. For example, you may write, “American Cancer Society” or “The Reading Room.”
  • Formally published documents that don’t list an author or that have a corporate author are typically reports or white papers .

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 10

  • For example, you may write, “Gardner, L. M. (2008).” Or, “American Cancer Society. (2015).”

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 11

  • For example, you may write, “Gardner, L. M. (2008). Crustaceans: Research and data.” Or, “American Cancer Society. (2015). Cervical cancer rates in women ages 20-45.”

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 12

  • For example, for a journal article, you may write, “Gardner, L. M. (2008). Crustaceans: Research and data. Modern Journal of Malacostracan Research, 25, 150-305.”
  • For a book chapter, you could write: “Wooster, B. W. (1937). A comparative study of modern Dutch cow creamers. In T. E. Travers (Ed.), A Detailed History of Tea Serviceware (pp. 127-155). London: Wimble Press."

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 14

  • For example, you may write, “Kotb, M. A., Kamal, A. M., Aldossary, N. M., & Bedewi, M. A. (2019). Effect of vitamin D replacement on depression in multiple sclerosis patients. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 29, 111-117. Retrieved from PubMed, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30708308.
  • If you’re citing a paper or article that was published online but did not come from an academic journal or database, provide information about the author (if known), the date of publication (if available), and the website where you found the article. For example: “Hill, M. (n.d.). Egypt in the Ptolemaic Period. Retrieved from https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ptol/hd_ptol.htm”

Citing Unpublished Sources in Your Reference List

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 15

  • Print-only dissertations or theses.
  • Articles or book chapters that are in press or have been recently prepared or submitted for publication.
  • Papers that have been rejected for publication or were never intended for publication (such as student research papers or unpublished conference papers).

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 16

  • If the paper is currently being prepared for publication, include the author’s name, the year when the current draft was completed, and the title of the article in italics, followed by “Manuscript in preparation.” For example: Wooster, B. W. (1932). What the well-dressed man is wearing. Manuscript in preparation.
  • If the paper has been submitted for publication, format the citation the same way as if it were in preparation, but instead follow the title with “Manuscript submitted for publication.” For example: Wooster, B. W. (1932). What the well-dressed man is wearing. Manuscript submitted for publication.
  • If the paper has been accepted for publication but is not yet published, replace the date with “in press.” Do not italicize the paper title, but do include the title of the periodical or book in which it will be published and italicize that. For example: Wooster, B. W. (in press). What the well-dressed man is wearing. Milady’s Boudoir.

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 17

  • If the paper was written for a conference but never published, your citation should look like this: Riker, W. T. (2019, March). Traditional methods for the preparation of spiny lobe-fish. Paper presented at the 325th Annual Intergalactic Culinary Conference, San Francisco, CA.
  • For an unpublished paper written by a student for a class, include details about the institution where the paper was written. For example: Crusher, B. H. (2019). A typology of Cardassian skin diseases. Unpublished manuscript, Department of External Medicine, Starfleet Academy, San Francisco, CA.

Image titled Cite a Research Paper in APA Step 18

  • For example, you may write, “Pendlebottom, R. H. (2011). Iconography in Italian Frescos (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). New York University, New York, United States.”

Community Q&A

Community Answer

  • If you want certain information to stand out in the research paper, then you can consider using a block quote. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0

research paper with citations example

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Cite the WHO in APA

  • ↑ https://libraryguides.vu.edu.au/apa-referencing/7JournalArticles
  • ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/in_text_citations_author_authors.html
  • ↑ https://bowvalleycollege.libguides.com/c.php?g=714519&p=5093747
  • ↑ https://guides.libraries.psu.edu/apaquickguide/intext
  • ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/in_text_citations_the_basics.html
  • ↑ https://libguides.southernct.edu/c.php?g=7125&p=34582#1951239
  • ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/reference_list_electronic_sources.html
  • ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/reference_list_articles_in_periodicals.html
  • ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/reference_list_books.html
  • ↑ https://morlingcollege.libguides.com/apareferencing/unpublished-or-informally-published-work
  • ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/general_apa_faqs.html
  • ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/reference_list_other_print_sources.html

About This Article

wikiHow Staff

To cite a research paper in-text in APA, name the author in the text to introduce the quote and put the publication date for the text in parentheses. At the end of your quote, put the page number in parentheses. If you don’t mention the author in your prose, include them in the citation. Start the citation, which should come at the end of the quote, by listing the author’s last name, the year of publication, and the page number. Make sure to put all of this information in parentheses. If there’s no author, use the name of the organization that published the paper or the first few words from the title. To learn how to cite published and unpublished sources in your reference list, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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