The Ultimate Guide to Applying for an MBA in the USA
The Benefits of Studying Abroad in the USA
Profitable Ways to Improve Your Writing Skills
Mistakes to Avoid in Your Thesis Statement
10 Top and Best Overseas Educational Consultants in Bangalore
- Career & Jobs
- Career Guidance
- Study Abroad
- Personality Development
15 Surprising Benefits of Homework for Students
- The importance of homework for students
- 3 Helpful tips to do your homework effectively
- 15 benefits of homework
Homework is an important component of the learning and growing process. It is a common practice for students to develop their skills and learn new information.
Homework is simply a general term that we use to describe work that you have to do at home. Typically, it’s assigned by the teacher during school hours and meant to be completed after school in the evenings or weekends.
Homework is loved and hated by many, but it is an integral part of education. It is not just a boring part of the learning process. It has a lot to offer!
The Importance of Homework for Students
So, why should students have homework? According to research conducted by Duke University psychology professor Harris Cooper , there was a positive relation between homework and student achievement. He found out that homework can help students perform better in school.
This shows the importance of homework in a student’s life. Homework is not always popular with students because it takes away their free time at home.
However, there are many benefits associated with homework. Homework helps students understand the material in greater depth. Moreover, it allows teachers to assess how much the student has learned.
Tips for Doing Your Homework Faster
It is important to have a homework routine. A routine will help you know what to expect at the end of the day, and it will give you time to digest what you learned.
In addition, a routine will help you to be stress-free because you won’t be worrying about when to start your homework or whether you’re going to finish it on time.
So, here are some tips on how to set up a good homework routine:
- Find a place in the house where you can study without interruption.
- Set a timer for how long each assignment should take.
- Make sure your table is neat and that you have all of your materials ready before starting.
These tips will surely make your student life easier and put you on the right track towards higher grades!
The Benefits of Homework for Students
There are numerous reasons why homework is given in schools and colleges. Students can reap the benefits even in their professional lives.
But what exactly are the benefits of homework and how can it help students? Let us take a look at some of them:
1. Students Learn the Importance of Time Management
They will learn to balance play and work. Students will also learn to complete assignments within deadlines by learning to prioritize their time.
It helps them understand the importance of time management skills . When they are assigned a project or a test, they will know when it is due, how much time they have to complete it, and what they need to do.
This also helps them in their future careers. Employees must be able to manage their time efficiently in order to be successful.
If a project is due soon, employees should take effective steps to get it done on time. Homeworks in the schooling years teaches this practice of time management.
2. Promotes Self-Learning
Students get more time to review the content and this promotes self-learning . This is a big advantage of homework.
It also promotes continuous learning as students can revise their syllabus on their own. Homework gives them an opportunity to develop their critical thinking skills and problem-solving abilities.
3. Helps Teachers Assess a Student’s Learning
Homeworks help teachers track how well the students are grasping the content . They can modify their teaching methods based on the responses they receive from their students.
4. Teaches Students to Be Responsible
Students learn to become independent learners as they do their homework without any help from the teacher.
Studying at home also motivates students to study harder in order to achieve better results. This encourages them to take up more responsibilities at home too.
5. Boosts Memory Retention
Homework provides practice time to recall concepts discussed in class, thereby enabling students to memorize facts and figures taught at school.
One of the advantages of homework is that it sharpens memory power and concentration.
6. Enables Parents to Track a Student’s Performance
Parents can assess how well their children are doing with regard to academic performance by checking their homework assignments.
This gives parents a chance to discuss with teachers about improving their child’s performance at school .
7. Allows Students to Revise Content
Revising together with other students can also help with understanding information because it gives you another perspective, as well as an opportunity to ask questions and engage with others.
8. Practice Makes Perfect
Doing homework has numerous benefits for students. One of them is that it helps students learn the concepts in depth.
Homework teaches them how to apply the concepts to solve a problem. It gives them experience on how to solve problems using different techniques.
9. Develops Persistence
When students do their homework, they have to work hard to find all the possible solutions to a problem.
They have to try out different methods until they reach a solution that works. This teaches them perseverance and helps them develop their determination and grit to keep working hard.
10. Helps Them to Learn New Skills
Homework is important because it helps students to learn new and advanced skills. It promotes self-study, research and time management skills within students.
It also builds their confidence in tackling problems independently without constant help from teachers and parents.
11. Helps in Building a Positive Attitude Towards Learning
12. Students Can Explore Their Areas of Interest
Homework helps in building curiosity about a subject that excites them. Homework gives students an opportunity to immerse themselves in a subject matter.
When they become curious, they themselves take the initiative to learn more about it.
13. Encourages In-Depth Understanding of The Concepts
Homeworks allow students to learn the subject in a more detailed manner. It gives students the chance to recall and go over the content.
This will lead to better understanding and they will be able to remember the information for a long time.
14. Minimizes Screen Time:
Homework is not only a great way to get students to do their work themselves, but it can also encourage them to reduce screen time.
Homework gives students a good reason to stay off their computers and phones. Homework promotes the productive use of time .
15. Helps Develop Good Study Habits
The more they do their homework, the better they will get it. They will learn to manage their time in a more effective way and be able to do their work at a faster rate.
Moreover, they will be able to develop a good work ethic, which will help them in their future careers.
We all know that too much of anything can be bad. Homework is no different. If the workload of the students is too much, then it can lead to unnecessary stress .
Therefore, it is necessary for teachers to be mindful of the workload of students. That way, students will be able to enjoy their free time and actually enjoy doing homework instead of seeing it as a burden.
You Might Also Like
Leave a reply cancel reply.
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
subscribe to our latest blog and weekly newsletter
Top and Best Nursing Colleges in Hubli 2023-24
- Advertisement -
For Quick Admission Assistance
Sign in to your account
Username or Email Address
Donate (opens in a new window)
Curriculum and Instruction
Key Lessons: What Research Says About the Value of Homework
Whether homework helps students — and how much homework is appropriate — has been debated for many years. Homework has been in the headlines again recently and continues to be a topic of controversy, with claims that students and families are suffering under the burden of huge amounts of homework. School board members, educators, and parents may wish to turn to the research for answers to their questions about the benefits and drawbacks of homework. Unfortunately, the research has produced mixed results so far, and more research is needed. Nonetheless, there are some findings that can help to inform decisions about homework. What follows is a summary of the research to date:
There is no conclusive evidence that homework increases student achievement across the board. Some studies show positive effects of homework under certain conditions and for certain students, some show no effects, and some suggest negative effects (Kohn 2006; Trautwein and Koller 2003).
Some studies have shown that older students gain more academic benefits from homework than do younger students, perhaps because younger students have less-effective study habits and are more easily distracted (Cooper 1989; Hoover-Dempsey et al. 2001; Leone and Richards 1989; Muhlenbruck et al. 2000).
Some researchers believe that students from higher-income homes have more resources (such as computers) and receive more assistance with homework, while low-income students may have fewer resources and less assistance and are therefore less likely to complete the homework and reap any related benefits (McDermott, Goldmen and Varenne 1984; Scott-Jones 1984).
Students with learning disabilities can benefit from homework if appropriate supervision and monitoring are provided (Cooper and Nye 1994; Rosenberg 1989).
A national study of the influence of homework on student grades across five ethnic groups found that homework had a stronger impact on Asian American students than on students of other ethnicities (Keith and Benson, 1992).
Certain nonacademic benefits of homework have been shown, especially for younger students. Indeed, some primary-level teachers may assign homework for such benefits, which include learning the importance of responsibility, managing time, developing study habits, and staying with a task until it is completed (Cooper, Robinson and Patall 2006; Corno and Xu 2004; Johnson and Pontius 1989; Warton 2001).
While research on the optimum amount of time students should spend on homework is limited, there are indications that for high school students, 1½ to 2½ hours per night is optimum. Middle school students appear to benefit from smaller amounts (less than 1 hour per night). When students spend more time than this on homework, the positive relationship with student achievement diminishes (Cooper, Robinson, and Patall 2006).
Some research has shown that students who spend more time on homework score higher on measures of achievement and attitude. Studies that have delved more deeply into this topic suggest, however, that the amount of homework assigned by teachers is unrelated to student achievement, while the amount of homework actually completed by students is associated with higher achievement (Cooper 2001; Cooper, Lindsay, Nye, and Greathouse 1998).
Studies of after-school programs that provide homework assistance have found few definite links to improved student achievement. Several studies, however, noted improvements in student motivation and work habits, which may indirectly affect achievement (Cosden, Morrison, Albanese, and Macias 2001; James-Burdumy et al. 2005).
Homework assignments that require interaction between students and parents result in higher levels of parent involvement and are more likely to be turned in than noninteractive assignments. Some studies have shown, however, that parent involvement in homework has no impact on student achievement. Other studies indicate that students whose parents are more involved in their homework have lower test scores and class grades — but this may be because the students were already lower performing and needed more help from their parents than did higher-performing students. (Balli, Wedman, and Demo 1997; Cooper, Lindsay, and Nye 2000; Epstein 1988; Van Voorhis 2003).
Most teachers assign homework to reinforce what was presented in class or to prepare students for new material. Less commonly, homework is assigned to extend student learning to different contexts or to integrate learning by applying multiple skills around a project. Little research exists on the effects of these different kinds of homework on student achievement, leaving policymakers with little evidence on which to base decisions (Cooper 1989; Foyle 1985; Murphy and Decker 1989).
Liked it? Share it!
Balli, S. J., Wedman, J. F., & Demo, D. H. (1997). Family involvement with middle-grades homework: Effects of differential prompting. Journal of Experimental Education, 66, 31-48.
Cooper, H. (1989). Homework. White Plains, N.Y.: Longman.
Cooper, H. (2001). Homework for all — in moderation. Educational Leadership, 58, 34-38.
Cooper, H., Lindsay, J. J, Nye, B., & Greathouse, S. (1998). Relationships among attitudes about homework, amount of homework assigned and completed, and student achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(1), 70-83.
Cooper, H., & Nye, B. (1994). Homework for students with learning disabilities: The implications of research for policy and practice. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 27, 470-479.
Cooper, H., Nye, B.A., & Lindsay, J.J. (2000). Homework in the home: How student, family and parenting style differences relate to the homework process. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25(4), 464-487.
Cooper, H., Robinson, J. C., & Patall, E. A. (2006). Does homework improve academic achievement? A synthesis of research. Review of Educational Research, 76, 1-62.
Corno, L., & Xu, J. (2004). Homework as the job of childhood. Theory Into Practice, 43, 227-233.
Cosden, M., Morrison, G., Albanese, A. L., & Macias, S. (2001). When homework is not home work: After-school programs for homework assistance. Educational Psychologist, 36(3), 211-221.
Epstein, J. L. (1998). Homework practices, achievements, and behaviors of elementary school students. Baltimore: Center for Research on Elementary and Middle Schools. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED301322]
Foyle, H. C. (1985). The effects of preparation and practice homework on student achievement in tenth-grade American history (Doctoral dissertation, Kansas State University, 1985). Dissertation Abstracts International, 45, 8A.
Hoover-Dempsey, K. V., Battiato, A. C., Walker, J. M. T., Reed, R. P., DeJong, J. M. & Jones, K. P. (2001). Parental involvement in homework. Educational Psychologist, 36, 195-209.
James-Burdumy, S., Dynarski, M., Moore, M., Deke, J., Mansfield, W., Pistorino, C. & Warner, E. (2005). When Schools Stay Open Late: The National Evaluation of the 21st Century Community Learning Centers Program Final Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education/Institute of Education Sciences National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance.
Johnson, J. K., & Pontius, A. (1989). Homework: A survey of teacher beliefs and practices. Research in Education, 41, 71-78.
Keith, T. Z., & Benson, M. J. (1992). Effects of manipulable influences on high school grades across five ethnic groups. Journal of Educational Research, 86, 85-93.
Kohn, A. (2006, September). Abusing research: The study of homework and other examples. Phi Delta Kappan, 8-22.
Leone, C. M., & Richards, M. H. (1989). Classwork and homework in early adolescence: The ecology of achievement. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 18, 531-548.
McDermott, R. P., Goldman, S. V., & Varenne, H. (1984). When school goes home: Some problems in the organization of homework [Abstract]. Teachers College Record, 85, 391-409.
Muhlenbruck, L., Cooper, H., Nye, B., & Lindsay, J. J. (2000). Homework and achievement: explaining the different strengths of relation at the elementary and secondary school levels. Social Psychology of Education, 3, 295-317.
Murphy, J. & Decker, K. (1989). Teachers’ use of homework in high schools. Journal of Educational Research, 82(5), 261-269.
Rosenberg, M. S. (1989). The effects of daily homework assignments on the acquisition of basic skills by students with learning disabilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 22, 314-323.
Scott-Jones, D. (1984). Family influences on cognitive development and school achievement. Review of Research in Education, 11, 259-304.
Trautwein, U., & Koller, O. (2003). The relationship between homework and achievement — still much of a mystery. Educational Psychology Review, 15, 115-145.
Van Voorhis, F. L. (2003). Interactive homework in middle school: Effects on family involvements and science achievement. Journal of Educational Research, 96(6), 323-338.
Warton, P. M. (2001). The forgotten voice in homework: Views of students. Educational Psychologist, 36, 155-165.
Does Homework Really Help Students Learn?
A conversation with a Wheelock researcher, a BU student, and a fourth-grade teacher
“Quality homework is engaging and relevant to kids’ lives,” says Wheelock’s Janine Bempechat. “It gives them autonomy and engages them in the community and with their families. In some subjects, like math, worksheets can be very helpful. It has to do with the value of practicing over and over.” Photo by iStock/Glenn Cook Photography
Do your homework.
If only it were that simple.
Educators have debated the merits of homework since the late 19th century. In recent years, amid concerns of some parents and teachers that children are being stressed out by too much homework, things have only gotten more fraught.
“Homework is complicated,” says developmental psychologist Janine Bempechat, a Wheelock College of Education & Human Development clinical professor. The author of the essay “ The Case for (Quality) Homework—Why It Improves Learning and How Parents Can Help ” in the winter 2019 issue of Education Next , Bempechat has studied how the debate about homework is influencing teacher preparation, parent and student beliefs about learning, and school policies.
She worries especially about socioeconomically disadvantaged students from low-performing schools who, according to research by Bempechat and others, get little or no homework.
BU Today sat down with Bempechat and Erin Bruce (Wheelock’17,’18), a new fourth-grade teacher at a suburban Boston school, and future teacher freshman Emma Ardizzone (Wheelock) to talk about what quality homework looks like, how it can help children learn, and how schools can equip teachers to design it, evaluate it, and facilitate parents’ role in it.
BU Today: Parents and educators who are against homework in elementary school say there is no research definitively linking it to academic performance for kids in the early grades. You’ve said that they’re missing the point.
Bempechat : I think teachers assign homework in elementary school as a way to help kids develop skills they’ll need when they’re older—to begin to instill a sense of responsibility and to learn planning and organizational skills. That’s what I think is the greatest value of homework—in cultivating beliefs about learning and skills associated with academic success. If we greatly reduce or eliminate homework in elementary school, we deprive kids and parents of opportunities to instill these important learning habits and skills.
We do know that beginning in late middle school, and continuing through high school, there is a strong and positive correlation between homework completion and academic success.
That’s what I think is the greatest value of homework—in cultivating beliefs about learning and skills associated with academic success.
You talk about the importance of quality homework. What is that?
Quality homework is engaging and relevant to kids’ lives. It gives them autonomy and engages them in the community and with their families. In some subjects, like math, worksheets can be very helpful. It has to do with the value of practicing over and over.
What are your concerns about homework and low-income children?
The argument that some people make—that homework “punishes the poor” because lower-income parents may not be as well-equipped as affluent parents to help their children with homework—is very troubling to me. There are no parents who don’t care about their children’s learning. Parents don’t actually have to help with homework completion in order for kids to do well. They can help in other ways—by helping children organize a study space, providing snacks, being there as a support, helping children work in groups with siblings or friends.
Isn’t the discussion about getting rid of homework happening mostly in affluent communities?
Yes, and the stories we hear of kids being stressed out from too much homework—four or five hours of homework a night—are real. That’s problematic for physical and mental health and overall well-being. But the research shows that higher-income students get a lot more homework than lower-income kids.
Teachers may not have as high expectations for lower-income children. Schools should bear responsibility for providing supports for kids to be able to get their homework done—after-school clubs, community support, peer group support. It does kids a disservice when our expectations are lower for them.
The conversation around homework is to some extent a social class and social justice issue. If we eliminate homework for all children because affluent children have too much, we’re really doing a disservice to low-income children. They need the challenge, and every student can rise to the challenge with enough supports in place.
What did you learn by studying how education schools are preparing future teachers to handle homework?
My colleague, Margarita Jimenez-Silva, at the University of California, Davis, School of Education, and I interviewed faculty members at education schools, as well as supervising teachers, to find out how students are being prepared. And it seemed that they weren’t. There didn’t seem to be any readings on the research, or conversations on what high-quality homework is and how to design it.
Erin, what kind of training did you get in handling homework?
Bruce : I had phenomenal professors at Wheelock, but homework just didn’t come up. I did lots of student teaching. I’ve been in classrooms where the teachers didn’t assign any homework, and I’ve been in rooms where they assigned hours of homework a night. But I never even considered homework as something that was my decision. I just thought it was something I’d pull out of a book and it’d be done.
I started giving homework on the first night of school this year. My first assignment was to go home and draw a picture of the room where you do your homework. I want to know if it’s at a table and if there are chairs around it and if mom’s cooking dinner while you’re doing homework.
The second night I asked them to talk to a grown-up about how are you going to be able to get your homework done during the week. The kids really enjoyed it. There’s a running joke that I’m teaching life skills.
Friday nights, I read all my kids’ responses to me on their homework from the week and it’s wonderful. They pour their hearts out. It’s like we’re having a conversation on my couch Friday night.
It matters to know that the teacher cares about you and that what you think matters to the teacher. Homework is a vehicle to connect home and school…for parents to know teachers are welcoming to them and their families.
Bempechat : I can’t imagine that most new teachers would have the intuition Erin had in designing homework the way she did.
Ardizzone : Conversations with kids about homework, feeling you’re being listened to—that’s such a big part of wanting to do homework….I grew up in Westchester County. It was a pretty demanding school district. My junior year English teacher—I loved her—she would give us feedback, have meetings with all of us. She’d say, “If you have any questions, if you have anything you want to talk about, you can talk to me, here are my office hours.” It felt like she actually cared.
Bempechat : It matters to know that the teacher cares about you and that what you think matters to the teacher. Homework is a vehicle to connect home and school…for parents to know teachers are welcoming to them and their families.
Ardizzone : But can’t it lead to parents being overbearing and too involved in their children’s lives as students?
Bempechat : There’s good help and there’s bad help. The bad help is what you’re describing—when parents hover inappropriately, when they micromanage, when they see their children confused and struggling and tell them what to do.
Good help is when parents recognize there’s a struggle going on and instead ask informative questions: “Where do you think you went wrong?” They give hints, or pointers, rather than saying, “You missed this,” or “You didn’t read that.”
Bruce : I hope something comes of this. I hope BU or Wheelock can think of some way to make this a more pressing issue. As a first-year teacher, it was not something I even thought about on the first day of school—until a kid raised his hand and said, “Do we have homework?” It would have been wonderful if I’d had a plan from day one.
Explore Related Topics:
- Share this story
Senior Contributing Editor
Sara Rimer A journalist for more than three decades, Sara Rimer worked at the Miami Herald , Washington Post and, for 26 years, the New York Times , where she was the New England bureau chief, and a national reporter covering education, aging, immigration, and other social justice issues. Her stories on the death penalty’s inequities were nominated for a Pulitzer Prize and cited in the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision outlawing the execution of people with intellectual disabilities. Her journalism honors include Columbia University’s Meyer Berger award for in-depth human interest reporting. She holds a BA degree in American Studies from the University of Michigan. Profile
She can be reached at [email protected] .
Comments & Discussion
Boston University moderates comments to facilitate an informed, substantive, civil conversation. Abusive, profane, self-promotional, misleading, incoherent or off-topic comments will be rejected. Moderators are staffed during regular business hours (EST) and can only accept comments written in English. Statistics or facts must include a citation or a link to the citation.
There are 81 comments on Does Homework Really Help Students Learn?
Insightful! The values about homework in elementary schools are well aligned with my intuition as a parent.
when i finish my work i do my homework and i sometimes forget what to do because i did not get enough sleep
same omg it does not help me it is stressful and if I have it in more than one class I hate it.
Same I think my parent wants to help me but, she doesn’t care if I get bad grades so I just try my best and my grades are great.
I think that last question about Good help from parents is not know to all parents, we do as our parents did or how we best think it can be done, so maybe coaching parents or giving them resources on how to help with homework would be very beneficial for the parent on how to help and for the teacher to have consistency and improve homework results, and of course for the child. I do see how homework helps reaffirm the knowledge obtained in the classroom, I also have the ability to see progress and it is a time I share with my kids
The answer to the headline question is a no-brainer – a more pressing problem is why there is a difference in how students from different cultures succeed. Perfect example is the student population at BU – why is there a majority population of Asian students and only about 3% black students at BU? In fact at some universities there are law suits by Asians to stop discrimination and quotas against admitting Asian students because the real truth is that as a group they are demonstrating better qualifications for admittance, while at the same time there are quotas and reduced requirements for black students to boost their portion of the student population because as a group they do more poorly in meeting admissions standards – and it is not about the Benjamins. The real problem is that in our PC society no one has the gazuntas to explore this issue as it may reveal that all people are not created equal after all. Or is it just environmental cultural differences??????
I get you have a concern about the issue but that is not even what the point of this article is about. If you have an issue please take this to the site we have and only post your opinion about the actual topic
This is not at all what the article is talking about.
This literally has nothing to do with the article brought up. You should really take your opinions somewhere else before you speak about something that doesn’t make sense.
we have the same name
so they have the same name what of it?
lol you tell her
What does that have to do with homework, that is not what the article talks about AT ALL.
Yes, I think homework plays an important role in the development of student life. Through homework, students have to face challenges on a daily basis and they try to solve them quickly.I am an intense online tutor at 24x7homeworkhelp and I give homework to my students at that level in which they handle it easily.
More than two-thirds of students said they used alcohol and drugs, primarily marijuana, to cope with stress.
You know what’s funny? I got this assignment to write an argument for homework about homework and this article was really helpful and understandable, and I also agree with this article’s point of view.
I also got the same task as you! I was looking for some good resources and I found this! I really found this article useful and easy to understand, just like you! ^^
i think that homework is the best thing that a child can have on the school because it help them with their thinking and memory.
I am a child myself and i think homework is a terrific pass time because i can’t play video games during the week. It also helps me set goals.
Homework is not harmful ,but it will if there is too much
I feel like, from a minors point of view that we shouldn’t get homework. Not only is the homework stressful, but it takes us away from relaxing and being social. For example, me and my friends was supposed to hang at the mall last week but we had to postpone it since we all had some sort of work to do. Our minds shouldn’t be focused on finishing an assignment that in realty, doesn’t matter. I completely understand that we should have homework. I have to write a paper on the unimportance of homework so thanks.
homework isn’t that bad
Are you a student? if not then i don’t really think you know how much and how severe todays homework really is
i am a student and i do not enjoy homework because i practice my sport 4 out of the five days we have school for 4 hours and that’s not even counting the commute time or the fact i still have to shower and eat dinner when i get home. its draining!
i totally agree with you. these people are such boomers
why just why
they do make a really good point, i think that there should be a limit though. hours and hours of homework can be really stressful, and the extra work isn’t making a difference to our learning, but i do believe homework should be optional and extra credit. that would make it for students to not have the leaning stress of a assignment and if you have a low grade you you can catch up.
Studies show that homework improves student achievement in terms of improved grades, test results, and the likelihood to attend college. Research published in the High School Journal indicates that students who spent between 31 and 90 minutes each day on homework “scored about 40 points higher on the SAT-Mathematics subtest than their peers, who reported spending no time on homework each day, on average.” On both standardized tests and grades, students in classes that were assigned homework outperformed 69% of students who didn’t have homework. A majority of studies on homework’s impact – 64% in one meta-study and 72% in another – showed that take home assignments were effective at improving academic achievement. Research by the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) concluded that increased homework led to better GPAs and higher probability of college attendance for high school boys. In fact, boys who attended college did more than three hours of additional homework per week in high school.
So how are your measuring student achievement? That’s the real question. The argument that doing homework is simply a tool for teaching responsibility isn’t enough for me. We can teach responsibility in a number of ways. Also the poor argument that parents don’t need to help with homework, and that students can do it on their own, is wishful thinking at best. It completely ignores neurodiverse students. Students in poverty aren’t magically going to find a space to do homework, a friend’s or siblings to help them do it, and snacks to eat. I feel like the author of this piece has never set foot in a classroom of students.
THIS. This article is pathetic coming from a university. So intellectually dishonest, refusing to address the havoc of capitalism and poverty plays on academic success in life. How can they in one sentence use poor kids in an argument and never once address that poor children have access to damn near 0 of the resources affluent kids have? Draw me a picture and let’s talk about feelings lmao what a joke is that gonna put food in their belly so they can have the calories to burn in order to use their brain to study? What about quiet their 7 other siblings that they share a single bedroom with for hours? Is it gonna force the single mom to magically be at home and at work at the same time to cook food while you study and be there to throw an encouraging word?
Also the “parents don’t need to be a parent and be able to guide their kid at all academically they just need to exist in the next room” is wild. Its one thing if a parent straight up is not equipped but to say kids can just figured it out is…. wow coming from an educator What’s next the teacher doesn’t need to teach cause the kid can just follow the packet and figure it out?
Well then get a tutor right? Oh wait you are poor only affluent kids can afford a tutor for their hours of homework a day were they on average have none of the worries a poor child does. Does this address that poor children are more likely to also suffer abuse and mental illness? Like mentioned what about kids that can’t learn or comprehend the forced standardized way? Just let em fail? These children regularly are not in “special education”(some of those are a joke in their own and full of neglect and abuse) programs cause most aren’t even acknowledged as having disabilities or disorders.
But yes all and all those pesky poor kids just aren’t being worked hard enough lol pretty sure poor children’s existence just in childhood is more work, stress, and responsibility alone than an affluent child’s entire life cycle. Love they never once talked about the quality of education in the classroom being so bad between the poor and affluent it can qualify as segregation, just basically blamed poor people for being lazy, good job capitalism for failing us once again!
why the hell?
you should feel bad for saying this, this article can be helpful for people who has to write a essay about it
This is more of a political rant than it is about homework
I know a teacher who has told his students their homework is to find something they are interested in, pursue it and then come share what they learn. The student responses are quite compelling. One girl taught herself German so she could talk to her grandfather. One boy did a research project on Nelson Mandela because the teacher had mentioned him in class. Another boy, a both on the autism spectrum, fixed his family’s computer. The list goes on. This is fourth grade. I think students are highly motivated to learn, when we step aside and encourage them.
The whole point of homework is to give the students a chance to use the material that they have been presented with in class. If they never have the opportunity to use that information, and discover that it is actually useful, it will be in one ear and out the other. As a science teacher, it is critical that the students are challenged to use the material they have been presented with, which gives them the opportunity to actually think about it rather than regurgitate “facts”. Well designed homework forces the student to think conceptually, as opposed to regurgitation, which is never a pretty sight
Wonderful discussion. and yes, homework helps in learning and building skills in students.
not true it just causes kids to stress
Homework can be both beneficial and unuseful, if you will. There are students who are gifted in all subjects in school and ones with disabilities. Why should the students who are gifted get the lucky break, whereas the people who have disabilities suffer? The people who were born with this “gift” go through school with ease whereas people with disabilities struggle with the work given to them. I speak from experience because I am one of those students: the ones with disabilities. Homework doesn’t benefit “us”, it only tears us down and put us in an abyss of confusion and stress and hopelessness because we can’t learn as fast as others. Or we can’t handle the amount of work given whereas the gifted students go through it with ease. It just brings us down and makes us feel lost; because no mater what, it feels like we are destined to fail. It feels like we weren’t “cut out” for success.
homework does help
here is the thing though, if a child is shoved in the face with a whole ton of homework that isn’t really even considered homework it is assignments, it’s not helpful. the teacher should make homework more of a fun learning experience rather than something that is dreaded
This article was wonderful, I am going to ask my teachers about extra, or at all giving homework.
I agree. Especially when you have homework before an exam. Which is distasteful as you’ll need that time to study. It doesn’t make any sense, nor does us doing homework really matters as It’s just facts thrown at us.
Homework is too severe and is just too much for students, schools need to decrease the amount of homework. When teachers assign homework they forget that the students have other classes that give them the same amount of homework each day. Students need to work on social skills and life skills.
Beyond achievement, proponents of homework argue that it can have many other beneficial effects. They claim it can help students develop good study habits so they are ready to grow as their cognitive capacities mature. It can help students recognize that learning can occur at home as well as at school. Homework can foster independent learning and responsible character traits. And it can give parents an opportunity to see what’s going on at school and let them express positive attitudes toward achievement.
Homework is helpful because homework helps us by teaching us how to learn a specific topic.
As a student myself, I can say that I have almost never gotten the full 9 hours of recommended sleep time, because of homework. (Now I’m writing an essay on it in the middle of the night D=)
I am a 10 year old kid doing a report about “Is homework good or bad” for homework before i was going to do homework is bad but the sources from this site changed my mind!
Homeowkr is god for stusenrs
I agree with hunter because homework can be so stressful especially with this whole covid thing no one has time for homework and every one just wants to get back to there normal lives it is especially stressful when you go on a 2 week vaca 3 weeks into the new school year and and then less then a week after you come back from the vaca you are out for over a month because of covid and you have no way to get the assignment done and turned in
As great as homework is said to be in the is article, I feel like the viewpoint of the students was left out. Every where I go on the internet researching about this topic it almost always has interviews from teachers, professors, and the like. However isn’t that a little biased? Of course teachers are going to be for homework, they’re not the ones that have to stay up past midnight completing the homework from not just one class, but all of them. I just feel like this site is one-sided and you should include what the students of today think of spending four hours every night completing 6-8 classes worth of work.
Are we talking about homework or practice? Those are two very different things and can result in different outcomes.
Homework is a graded assignment. I do not know of research showing the benefits of graded assignments going home.
Practice; however, can be extremely beneficial, especially if there is some sort of feedback (not a grade but feedback). That feedback can come from the teacher, another student or even an automated grading program.
As a former band director, I assigned daily practice. I never once thought it would be appropriate for me to require the students to turn in a recording of their practice for me to grade. Instead, I had in-class assignments/assessments that were graded and directly related to the practice assigned.
I would really like to read articles on “homework” that truly distinguish between the two.
oof i feel bad good luck!
thank you guys for the artical because I have to finish an assingment. yes i did cite it but just thanks
thx for the article guys.
Homework is good
I think homework is helpful AND harmful. Sometimes u can’t get sleep bc of homework but it helps u practice for school too so idk.
I agree with this Article. And does anyone know when this was published. I would like to know.
It was published FEb 19, 2019.
Studies have shown that homework improved student achievement in terms of improved grades, test results, and the likelihood to attend college.
i think homework can help kids but at the same time not help kids
This article is so out of touch with majority of homes it would be laughable if it wasn’t so incredibly sad.
There is no value to homework all it does is add stress to already stressed homes. Parents or adults magically having the time or energy to shepherd kids through homework is dome sort of 1950’s fantasy.
What lala land do these teachers live in?
Homework gives noting to the kid
Homework is Bad
homework is bad.
why do kids even have homework?
Comments are closed.
Latest from Bostonia
Three bu alums recognized in 2023 time 100 lists, white shark expert greg skomal’s new book is part science, part memoir, new book by sth lecturer, and alum, calls out christianity for stigmatizing fat people, black alums celebrate 50th reunion during alumni weekend, make the most of a packed alumni weekend 2023 with these events, proposed lgbtq+ library in boston would be a first, neal boudette, veteran auto industry reporter, on the historic auto workers strike, should massachusetts abolish religious exemptions for school vaccinations, video: keeping the ancient—and secretive—art of fly tying alive, maui wildfires reunite two bu journalism alums in the field, celebrated abstract artist and alum brice marden dies, one good deed: peter rawitsch (wheelock’77) helped change a school disciplinary policy, shipwreck, mutiny, and murder: alum david grann’s new book, the wager, is a high-seas adventure, alum steve martin, founder of a new york pr firm, works with some of the biggest names in music—from foo fighters to paul mccartney, how the ar-15 divided a nation, bu faculty combine academics and activism—with social justice at the core, reading list: new fiction, nonfiction, and poetry by bu alums, imagining a postapocalyptic world ravaged by climate change, blazing boston’s innovation trail, walter whyte a standout in the class and on the court.
- Our Mission
What’s the Right Amount of Homework?
Decades of research show that homework has some benefits, especially for students in middle and high school—but there are risks to assigning too much.
Many teachers and parents believe that homework helps students build study skills and review concepts learned in class. Others see homework as disruptive and unnecessary, leading to burnout and turning kids off to school. Decades of research show that the issue is more nuanced and complex than most people think: Homework is beneficial, but only to a degree. Students in high school gain the most, while younger kids benefit much less.
The National PTA and the National Education Association support the “ 10-minute homework guideline ”—a nightly 10 minutes of homework per grade level. But many teachers and parents are quick to point out that what matters is the quality of the homework assigned and how well it meets students’ needs, not the amount of time spent on it.
The guideline doesn’t account for students who may need to spend more—or less—time on assignments. In class, teachers can make adjustments to support struggling students, but at home, an assignment that takes one student 30 minutes to complete may take another twice as much time—often for reasons beyond their control. And homework can widen the achievement gap, putting students from low-income households and students with learning disabilities at a disadvantage.
However, the 10-minute guideline is useful in setting a limit: When kids spend too much time on homework, there are real consequences to consider.
Small Benefits for Elementary Students
As young children begin school, the focus should be on cultivating a love of learning, and assigning too much homework can undermine that goal. And young students often don’t have the study skills to benefit fully from homework, so it may be a poor use of time (Cooper, 1989 ; Cooper et al., 2006 ; Marzano & Pickering, 2007 ). A more effective activity may be nightly reading, especially if parents are involved. The benefits of reading are clear: If students aren’t proficient readers by the end of third grade, they’re less likely to succeed academically and graduate from high school (Fiester, 2013 ).
For second-grade teacher Jacqueline Fiorentino, the minor benefits of homework did not outweigh the potential drawback of turning young children against school at an early age, so she experimented with dropping mandatory homework. “Something surprising happened: They started doing more work at home,” Fiorentino writes . “This inspiring group of 8-year-olds used their newfound free time to explore subjects and topics of interest to them.” She encouraged her students to read at home and offered optional homework to extend classroom lessons and help them review material.
Moderate Benefits for Middle School Students
As students mature and develop the study skills necessary to delve deeply into a topic—and to retain what they learn—they also benefit more from homework. Nightly assignments can help prepare them for scholarly work, and research shows that homework can have moderate benefits for middle school students (Cooper et al., 2006 ). Recent research also shows that online math homework, which can be designed to adapt to students’ levels of understanding, can significantly boost test scores (Roschelle et al., 2016 ).
There are risks to assigning too much, however: A 2015 study found that when middle school students were assigned more than 90 to 100 minutes of daily homework, their math and science test scores began to decline (Fernández-Alonso, Suárez-Álvarez, & Muñiz, 2015 ). Crossing that upper limit can drain student motivation and focus. The researchers recommend that “homework should present a certain level of challenge or difficulty, without being so challenging that it discourages effort.” Teachers should avoid low-effort, repetitive assignments, and assign homework “with the aim of instilling work habits and promoting autonomous, self-directed learning.”
In other words, it’s the quality of homework that matters, not the quantity. Brian Sztabnik, a veteran middle and high school English teacher, suggests that teachers take a step back and ask themselves these five questions :
- How long will it take to complete?
- Have all learners been considered?
- Will an assignment encourage future success?
- Will an assignment place material in a context the classroom cannot?
- Does an assignment offer support when a teacher is not there?
More Benefits for High School Students, but Risks as Well
By the time they reach high school, students should be well on their way to becoming independent learners, so homework does provide a boost to learning at this age, as long as it isn’t overwhelming (Cooper et al., 2006 ; Marzano & Pickering, 2007 ). When students spend too much time on homework—more than two hours each night—it takes up valuable time to rest and spend time with family and friends. A 2013 study found that high school students can experience serious mental and physical health problems, from higher stress levels to sleep deprivation, when assigned too much homework (Galloway, Conner, & Pope, 2013 ).
Homework in high school should always relate to the lesson and be doable without any assistance, and feedback should be clear and explicit.
Teachers should also keep in mind that not all students have equal opportunities to finish their homework at home, so incomplete homework may not be a true reflection of their learning—it may be more a result of issues they face outside of school. They may be hindered by issues such as lack of a quiet space at home, resources such as a computer or broadband connectivity, or parental support (OECD, 2014 ). In such cases, giving low homework scores may be unfair.
Since the quantities of time discussed here are totals, teachers in middle and high school should be aware of how much homework other teachers are assigning. It may seem reasonable to assign 30 minutes of daily homework, but across six subjects, that’s three hours—far above a reasonable amount even for a high school senior. Psychologist Maurice Elias sees this as a common mistake: Individual teachers create homework policies that in aggregate can overwhelm students. He suggests that teachers work together to develop a school-wide homework policy and make it a key topic of back-to-school night and the first parent-teacher conferences of the school year.
Parents Play a Key Role
Homework can be a powerful tool to help parents become more involved in their child’s learning (Walker et al., 2004 ). It can provide insights into a child’s strengths and interests, and can also encourage conversations about a child’s life at school. If a parent has positive attitudes toward homework, their children are more likely to share those same values, promoting academic success.
But it’s also possible for parents to be overbearing, putting too much emphasis on test scores or grades, which can be disruptive for children (Madjar, Shklar, & Moshe, 2015 ). Parents should avoid being overly intrusive or controlling—students report feeling less motivated to learn when they don’t have enough space and autonomy to do their homework (Orkin, May, & Wolf, 2017 ; Patall, Cooper, & Robinson, 2008 ; Silinskas & Kikas, 2017 ). So while homework can encourage parents to be more involved with their kids, it’s important to not make it a source of conflict.
Trauma-Informed Practices in Schools
Teacher well-being, cultivating diversity, equity, & inclusion, integrating technology in the classroom, social-emotional development, covid-19 resources, invest in resilience: summer toolkit, civics & resilience, all toolkits, degree programs, trauma-informed professional development, teacher licensure & certification, how to become - career information, classroom management, instructional design, lifestyle & self-care, online higher ed teaching, current events, the homework debate: how homework benefits students.
This post has been updated as of December 2017.
In another of our blog posts, The Case Against Homework , we articulated several points of view against homework as standard practice for teachers. However, a variety of lessons, content-related and beyond, can be taught or reinforced through homework and are worth exploring. Read on!
Four ways homework aids students’ academic achievement
Homework provides an opportunity for parents to interact with and understand the content their students are learning so they can provide another means of academic support for students. Memphis Parent writer Glenda Faye Pryor-Johnson says that, “When your child does homework, you do homework,” and notes that this is an opportunity for parents to model good behavior for their children.
Pryor-Johnson also identifies four qualities children develop when they complete homework that can help them become high-achieving students:
- Time management
While these cannot be measured on standardized tests, perseverance has garnered a lot of attention as an essential skill for successful students. Regular accomplishments like finishing homework build self-esteem, which aids students’ mental and physical health. Responsibility and time management are highly desirable qualities that benefit students long after they graduate.
NYU and Duke professors refute the idea that homework is unrelated to student success
In response to the National School Board Association’s Center for Public Education’s findings that homework was not conclusively related to student success, historian and NYU professor Diane Ravitch contends that the study’s true discovery was that students who did not complete homework or who lacked the resources to do so suffered poor outcomes.
Ravitch believes the study’s data only supports the idea that those who complete homework benefit from homework. She also cites additional benefits of homework: when else would students be allowed to engage thoughtfully with a text or write a complete essay? Constraints on class time require that such activities are given as outside assignments.
5 studies support a significant relationship between homework completion and academic success
Duke University professor Harris Cooper supports Ravitch’s assessment, saying that, “Across five studies, the average student who did homework had a higher unit test score than the students not doing homework.” Dr. Cooper and his colleagues analyzed dozens of studies on whether homework is beneficial in a 2006 publication, “Does Homework Improve Academic Achievement? A Synthesis of Research, 1987–2003. ”
This analysis found 12 less-authoritative studies that link achievement to time spent on homework, but control for many other factors that could influence the outcome. Finally, the research team identified 35 studies that found a positive correlation between homework and achievement, but only after elementary school. Dr. Cooper concluded that younger students might be less capable of benefiting from homework due to undeveloped study habits or other factors.
Recommended amount of homework varies by grade level
“Does Homework Improve Academic Achievement?” also identifies the amount homework that serves as a learning tool for students. While practice improves test scores at all grade levels, “Homework for junior high students appears to reach the point of diminishing returns after about 90 minutes a night. For high school students, the positive line continues to climb until between 90 minutes and 2.5 hours of homework a night, after which returns diminish.”
Dr. Cooper’s conclusion—homework is important, but discretion can and should be used when assigning it—addresses the valid concerns of homework critics. While the act of completing homework has benefits in terms of developing good habits in students, homework must prove useful for students so that they buy in to the process and complete their assignments. If students (or their parents) feel homework is a useless component of their learning, they will skip it—and miss out on the major benefits, content and otherwise, that homework has to offer.
Continue reading : Ending the Homework Debate: Expert Advice on What Works
Monica Fuglei is a graduate of the University of Nebraska in Omaha and a current adjunct faculty member of Arapahoe Community College in Colorado, where she teaches composition and creative writing.
You may also like to read
- The Homework Debate: The Case Against Homework
- Ending the Homework Debate: Expert Advice on What Works
- Elementary Students and Homework: How Much Is Too Much?
- Advice on Creating Homework Policies
- How Teachers Can Impart the Benefits of Students Working in Groups
- Homework Helps High School Students Most — But it Must Be Purposeful
Categorized as: Tips for Teachers and Classroom Resources
Tagged as: Leadership and Administration , Pros and Cons , Teacher-Parent Relationships
- Master's in Math and Science Education
- Online & Campus Bachelor's in Secondary Educa...
- Master's in PE, Sports & Athletics Administra...
- Skip to Nav
- Skip to Main
- Skip to Footer
How important is homework, and how much should parents help?
Failed to save article.
Please try again
- Facebook Share-FB
- Twitter Share-Twitter
- Email Share-Email
- Copy Link Copy Link
A version of this post was originally published by Parenting Translator. Sign up for the newsletter and follow Parenting Translator on Instagram .
In recent years, homework has become a very hot topic . Many parents and educators have raised concerns about homework and questioned how effective it is in enhancing students’ learning. There are also concerns that students may be getting too much homework, which ultimately interferes with quality family time and opportunities for physical activity and play . Research suggests that these concerns may be valid. For example, one study reported that elementary school students, on average, are assigned three times the recommended amount of homework.
So what does the research say? What are the potential risks and benefits of homework, and how much is too much?
First, research finds that homework is associated with higher scores on academic standardized tests for middle and high school students, but not elementary school students . A recent experimental study in Romania found some benefit for a small amount of writing homework in elementary students but not math homework. Yet, interestingly, this positive impact only occurred when students were given a moderate amount of homework (about 20 minutes on average).
The goal of homework is not simply to improve academic skills. Research finds that homework may have some non-academic benefits, such as building responsibility , time management skills, and task persistence . Homework may also increase parents’ involvement in their children’s schooling. Yet, too much homework may also have some negative impacts on non-academic skills by reducing opportunities for free play , which is essential for the development of language, cognitive, self-regulation and social-emotional skills. Homework may also interfere with physical activity and too much homework is associated with an increased risk for being overweight . As with the research on academic benefits, this research also suggests that homework may be beneficial when it is minimal.
What is the “right” amount of homework?
Research suggests that homework should not exceed 1.5 to 2.5 hours per night for high school students and no more than one hour per night for middle school students. Homework for elementary school students should be minimal and assigned with the aim of building self-regulation and independent work skills. Any more than this and homework may no longer have a positive impact.
The National Education Association recommends 10 minutes of homework per grade and there is also some experimental evidence that backs this up.
Research finds that homework provides some academic benefit for middle and high school students but is less beneficial for elementary school students. Research suggests that homework should be none or minimal for elementary students, less than one hour per night for middle school students, and less than 1.5 to 2.5 hours for high school students.
What can parents do?
Research finds that parental help with homework is beneficial but that it matters more how the parent is helping rather than how often the parent is helping.
So how should parents help with homework, according to the research?
- Focus on providing general monitoring, guidance and encouragement, but allow children to generate answers on their own and complete their homework as independently as possible . Specifically, be present while they are completing homework to help them to understand the directions, be available to answer simple questions, or praise and acknowledge their effort and hard work. Research shows that allowing children more autonomy in completing homework may benefit their academic skills.
- Only provide help when your child asks for it and step away whenever possible. Research finds that too much parental involvement or intrusive and controlling involvement with homework is associated with worse academic performance .
- Help your children to create structure and develop some routines that help your child to independently complete their homework . Have a regular time and place for homework that is free from distractions and has all of the materials they need within arm’s reach. Help your child to create a checklist for homework tasks. Create rules for homework with your child. Help children to develop strategies for increasing their own self-motivation. For example, developing their own reward system or creating a homework schedule with breaks for fun activities. Research finds that providing this type of structure and responsiveness is related to improved academic skills.
- Set specific rules around homework. Research finds an association between parents setting rules around homework and academic performance.
- Help your child to view homework as an opportunity to learn and improve skills. Parents who view homework as a learning opportunity (that is, a “mastery orientation”) rather than something that they must get “right” or complete successfully to obtain a higher grade (that is, a “performance orientation”) are more likely to have children with the same attitudes.
- Encourage your child to persist in challenging assignments and emphasize difficult assignments as opportunities to grow . Research finds that this attitude is associated with student success. Research also indicates that more challenging homework is associated with enhanced academic performance.
- Stay calm and positive during homework. Research shows that mothers showing positive emotions while helping with homework may improve children’s motivation in homework.
- Praise your child’s hard work and effort during homework. This type of praise is likely to increase motivation. In addition, research finds that putting more effort into homework may be associated with enhanced development of conscientiousness in children.
- Communicate with your child and the teacher about any problems your child has with homework and the teacher’s learning goals. Research finds that open communication about homework is associated with increased academic performance.
Cara Goodwin, PhD, is a licensed psychologist, a mother of three and the founder of Parenting Translator , a nonprofit newsletter that turns scientific research into information that is accurate, relevant and useful for parents.
Want to stay in touch?
Subscribe to receive weekly updates of MindShift stories every Sunday. You’ll also receive a carefully curated list of content from teacher-trusted sources.
Thanks for signing up for the newsletter.
What’s the point of homework?
Deputy Dean, School of Education, Western Sydney University
Katina Zammit does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.
Western Sydney University provides funding as a member of The Conversation AU.
View all partners
Homework hasn’t changed much in the past few decades. Most children are still sent home with about an hour’s worth of homework each day, mostly practising what they were taught in class.
If we look internationally, homework is assigned in every country that participated in the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in 2012.
Across the participating countries, 15-year-old students reported spending almost five hours per week doing homework in 2012. Australian students spent six hours per week on average on homework. Students in Singapore spent seven hours on homework, and in Shanghai, China they did homework for about 14 hours per week on average.
Read more: Aussie students are a year behind students 10 years ago in science, maths and reading
Shanghai and Singapore routinely score higher than Australia in the PISA maths, science and reading tests. But homework could just be one of the factors leading to higher results. In Finland, which also scores higher than Australia, students spent less than three hours on homework per week.
So, what’s the purpose of homework and what does the evidence say about whether it fulfils its purpose?
Why do teachers set homework?
Each school in Australia has its own homework policy developed in consultation with teachers and parents or caregivers, under the guiding principles of state or regional education departments.
For instance, according to the New South Wales homework policy “… tasks should be assigned by teachers with a specific, explicit learning purpose”.
Homework in NSW should also be “purposeful and designed to meet specific learning goals”, and “built on knowledge, skills and understanding developed in class”. But there is limited, if any, guidance on how often homework should be set.
Research based on teacher interviews shows they set homework for a range of reasons. These include to:
establish and improve communication between parents and children about learning
help children be more responsible, confident and disciplined
practise or review material from class
determine children’s understanding of the lesson and/or skills
introduce new material to be presented in class
provide students with opportunities to apply and integrate skills to new situations or interest areas
get students to use their own skills to create work.
So, does homework achieve what teachers intend it to?
Do we know if it ‘works’?
Studies on homework are frequently quite general, and don’t consider specific types of homework tasks. So it isn’t easy to measure how effective homework could be, or to compare studies.
But there are several things we can say.
First, it’s better if every student gets the kind of homework task that benefits them personally, such as one that helps them answer questions they had, or understand a problem they couldn’t quite grasp in class. This promotes students’ confidence and control of their own learning.
Read more: Learning from home is testing students' online search skills. Here are 3 ways to improve them
Giving students repetitive tasks may not have much value . For instance, calculating the answer to 120 similar algorithms, such as adding two different numbers 120 times may make the student think maths is irrelevant and boring. In this case, children are not being encouraged to find solutions but simply applying a formula they learnt in school.
In primary schools, homework that aims to improve children’s confidence and learning discipline can be beneficial. For example, children can be asked to practise giving a presentation on a topic of their interest. This could help build their competence in speaking in front of a class.
Homework can also highlight equity issues. It can be particularly burdensome for socioeconomically disadvantaged students who may not have a space, the resources or as much time due to family and work commitments. Their parents may also not feel capable of supporting them or have their own work commitments.
According to the PISA studies mentioned earlier, socioeconomically disadvantaged 15 year olds spend nearly three hours less on homework each week than their advantaged peers.
Read more: 'I was astonished at how quickly they made gains': online tutoring helps struggling students catch up
What kind of homework is best?
Homework can be engaging and contribute to learning if it is more than just a sheet of maths or list of spelling words not linked to class learning. From summarising various studies’ findings, “good” homework should be:
personalised to each child rather than the same for all students in the class. This is more likely to make a difference to a child’s learning and performance
achievable, so the child can complete it independently, building skills in managing their time and behaviour
aligned to the learning in the classroom.
If you aren’t happy with the homework your child is given then approach the school. If your child is having difficulty with doing the homework, the teacher needs to know. It shouldn’t be burdensome for you or your children.
- Disadvantaged students
Professor - Criminology
Research Assistant - Dewson Lab
Director, Business Development, AICF
Research Fellow in Human-Computer Interaction
Commissioning Editor, Health
Should Kids Get Homework?
Homework gives elementary students a way to practice concepts, but too much can be harmful, experts say.
Effective homework reinforces math, reading, writing or spelling skills, but in a way that's meaningful. (Getty Images)
How much homework students should get has long been a source of debate among parents and educators. In recent years, some districts have even implemented no-homework policies, as students juggle sports, music and other activities after school.
Parents of elementary school students, in particular, have argued that after-school hours should be spent with family or playing outside rather than completing assignments. And there is little research to show that homework improves academic achievement for elementary students.
But some experts say there's value in homework, even for younger students. When done well, it can help students practice core concepts and develop study habits and time management skills. The key to effective homework, they say, is keeping assignments related to classroom learning, and tailoring the amount by age: Many experts suggest no homework for kindergartners, and little to none in first and second grade.
Value of Homework
Homework provides a chance to solidify what is being taught in the classroom that day, week or unit. Practice matters, says Janine Bempechat, clinical professor at Boston University 's Wheelock College of Education & Human Development.
"There really is no other domain of human ability where anybody would say you don't need to practice," she adds. "We have children practicing piano and we have children going to sports practice several days a week after school. You name the domain of ability and practice is in there."
Homework is also the place where schools and families most frequently intersect.
"The children are bringing things from the school into the home," says Paula S. Fass, professor emerita of history at the University of California—Berkeley and the author of "The End of American Childhood." "Before the pandemic, (homework) was the only real sense that parents had to what was going on in schools."
Harris Cooper, professor emeritus of psychology and neuroscience at Duke University and author of "The Battle Over Homework," examined more than 60 research studies on homework between 1987 and 2003 and found that — when designed properly — homework can lead to greater student success. Too much, however, is harmful. And homework has a greater positive effect on students in secondary school (grades 7-12) than those in elementary.
"Every child should be doing homework, but the amount and type that they're doing should be appropriate for their developmental level," he says. "For teachers, it's a balancing act. Doing away with homework completely is not in the best interest of children and families. But overburdening families with homework is also not in the child's or a family's best interest."
Negative Homework Assignments
Not all homework for elementary students involves completing a worksheet. Assignments can be fun, says Cooper, like having students visit educational locations, keep statistics on their favorite sports teams, read for pleasure or even help their parents grocery shop. The point is to show students that activities done outside of school can relate to subjects learned in the classroom.
But assignments that are just busy work, that force students to learn new concepts at home, or that are overly time-consuming can be counterproductive, experts say.
Homework that's just busy work.
Effective homework reinforces math, reading, writing or spelling skills, but in a way that's meaningful, experts say. Assignments that look more like busy work – projects or worksheets that don't require teacher feedback and aren't related to topics learned in the classroom – can be frustrating for students and create burdens for families.
"The mental health piece has definitely played a role here over the last couple of years during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the last thing we want to do is frustrate students with busy work or homework that makes no sense," says Dave Steckler, principal of Red Trail Elementary School in Mandan, North Dakota.
Homework on material that kids haven't learned yet.
With the pressure to cover all topics on standardized tests and limited time during the school day, some teachers assign homework that has not yet been taught in the classroom.
Not only does this create stress, but it also causes equity challenges. Some parents speak languages other than English or work several jobs, and they aren't able to help teach their children new concepts.
" It just becomes agony for both parents and the kids to get through this worksheet, and the goal becomes getting to the bottom of (the) worksheet with answers filled in without any understanding of what any of it matters for," says professor Susan R. Goldman, co-director of the Learning Sciences Research Institute at the University of Illinois—Chicago .
Homework that's overly time-consuming.
The standard homework guideline recommended by the National Parent Teacher Association and the National Education Association is the "10-minute rule" – 10 minutes of nightly homework per grade level. A fourth grader, for instance, would receive a total of 40 minutes of homework per night.
But this does not always happen, especially since not every student learns the same. A 2015 study published in the American Journal of Family Therapy found that primary school children actually received three times the recommended amount of homework — and that family stress increased along with the homework load.
Young children can only remain attentive for short periods, so large amounts of homework, especially lengthy projects, can negatively affect students' views on school. Some individual long-term projects – like having to build a replica city, for example – typically become an assignment for parents rather than students, Fass says.
"It's one thing to assign a project like that in which several kids are working on it together," she adds. "In (that) case, the kids do normally work on it. It's another to send it home to the families, where it becomes a burden and doesn't really accomplish very much."
Private vs. Public Schools
Do private schools assign more homework than public schools? There's little research on the issue, but experts say private school parents may be more accepting of homework, seeing it as a sign of academic rigor.
Of course, not all private schools are the same – some focus on college preparation and traditional academics, while others stress alternative approaches to education.
"I think in the academically oriented private schools, there's more support for homework from parents," says Gerald K. LeTendre, chair of educational administration at Pennsylvania State University—University Park . "I don't know if there's any research to show there's more homework, but it's less of a contentious issue."
How to Address Homework Overload
First, assess if the workload takes as long as it appears. Sometimes children may start working on a homework assignment, wander away and come back later, Cooper says.
"Parents don't see it, but they know that their child has started doing their homework four hours ago and still not done it," he adds. "They don't see that there are those four hours where their child was doing lots of other things. So the homework assignment itself actually is not four hours long. It's the way the child is approaching it."
But if homework is becoming stressful or workload is excessive, experts suggest parents first approach the teacher, followed by a school administrator.
"Many times, we can solve a lot of issues by having conversations," Steckler says, including by "sitting down, talking about the amount of homework, and what's appropriate and not appropriate."
Study Tips for High School Students
Tags: K-12 education , students , elementary school , children
2024 Best Colleges
Search for your perfect fit with the U.S. News rankings of colleges and universities.
The Cult of Homework
America’s devotion to the practice stems in part from the fact that it’s what today’s parents and teachers grew up with themselves.
America has long had a fickle relationship with homework. A century or so ago, progressive reformers argued that it made kids unduly stressed , which later led in some cases to district-level bans on it for all grades under seventh. This anti-homework sentiment faded, though, amid mid-century fears that the U.S. was falling behind the Soviet Union (which led to more homework), only to resurface in the 1960s and ’70s, when a more open culture came to see homework as stifling play and creativity (which led to less). But this didn’t last either: In the ’80s, government researchers blamed America’s schools for its economic troubles and recommended ramping homework up once more.
The 21st century has so far been a homework-heavy era, with American teenagers now averaging about twice as much time spent on homework each day as their predecessors did in the 1990s . Even little kids are asked to bring school home with them. A 2015 study , for instance, found that kindergarteners, who researchers tend to agree shouldn’t have any take-home work, were spending about 25 minutes a night on it.
But not without pushback. As many children, not to mention their parents and teachers, are drained by their daily workload, some schools and districts are rethinking how homework should work—and some teachers are doing away with it entirely. They’re reviewing the research on homework (which, it should be noted, is contested) and concluding that it’s time to revisit the subject.
Read: My daughter’s homework is killing me
Hillsborough, California, an affluent suburb of San Francisco, is one district that has changed its ways. The district, which includes three elementary schools and a middle school, worked with teachers and convened panels of parents in order to come up with a homework policy that would allow students more unscheduled time to spend with their families or to play. In August 2017, it rolled out an updated policy, which emphasized that homework should be “meaningful” and banned due dates that fell on the day after a weekend or a break.
“The first year was a bit bumpy,” says Louann Carlomagno, the district’s superintendent. She says the adjustment was at times hard for the teachers, some of whom had been doing their job in a similar fashion for a quarter of a century. Parents’ expectations were also an issue. Carlomagno says they took some time to “realize that it was okay not to have an hour of homework for a second grader—that was new.”
Most of the way through year two, though, the policy appears to be working more smoothly. “The students do seem to be less stressed based on conversations I’ve had with parents,” Carlomagno says. It also helps that the students performed just as well on the state standardized test last year as they have in the past.
Earlier this year, the district of Somerville, Massachusetts, also rewrote its homework policy, reducing the amount of homework its elementary and middle schoolers may receive. In grades six through eight, for example, homework is capped at an hour a night and can only be assigned two to three nights a week.
Jack Schneider, an education professor at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell whose daughter attends school in Somerville, is generally pleased with the new policy. But, he says, it’s part of a bigger, worrisome pattern. “The origin for this was general parental dissatisfaction, which not surprisingly was coming from a particular demographic,” Schneider says. “Middle-class white parents tend to be more vocal about concerns about homework … They feel entitled enough to voice their opinions.”
Schneider is all for revisiting taken-for-granted practices like homework, but thinks districts need to take care to be inclusive in that process. “I hear approximately zero middle-class white parents talking about how homework done best in grades K through two actually strengthens the connection between home and school for young people and their families,” he says. Because many of these parents already feel connected to their school community, this benefit of homework can seem redundant. “They don’t need it,” Schneider says, “so they’re not advocating for it.”
That doesn’t mean, necessarily, that homework is more vital in low-income districts. In fact, there are different, but just as compelling, reasons it can be burdensome in these communities as well. Allison Wienhold, who teaches high-school Spanish in the small town of Dunkerton, Iowa, has phased out homework assignments over the past three years. Her thinking: Some of her students, she says, have little time for homework because they’re working 30 hours a week or responsible for looking after younger siblings.
As educators reduce or eliminate the homework they assign, it’s worth asking what amount and what kind of homework is best for students. It turns out that there’s some disagreement about this among researchers, who tend to fall in one of two camps.
In the first camp is Harris Cooper, a professor of psychology and neuroscience at Duke University. Cooper conducted a review of the existing research on homework in the mid-2000s , and found that, up to a point, the amount of homework students reported doing correlates with their performance on in-class tests. This correlation, the review found, was stronger for older students than for younger ones.
This conclusion is generally accepted among educators, in part because it’s compatible with “the 10-minute rule,” a rule of thumb popular among teachers suggesting that the proper amount of homework is approximately 10 minutes per night, per grade level—that is, 10 minutes a night for first graders, 20 minutes a night for second graders, and so on, up to two hours a night for high schoolers.
In Cooper’s eyes, homework isn’t overly burdensome for the typical American kid. He points to a 2014 Brookings Institution report that found “little evidence that the homework load has increased for the average student”; onerous amounts of homework, it determined, are indeed out there, but relatively rare. Moreover, the report noted that most parents think their children get the right amount of homework, and that parents who are worried about under-assigning outnumber those who are worried about over-assigning. Cooper says that those latter worries tend to come from a small number of communities with “concerns about being competitive for the most selective colleges and universities.”
According to Alfie Kohn, squarely in camp two, most of the conclusions listed in the previous three paragraphs are questionable. Kohn, the author of The Homework Myth: Why Our Kids Get Too Much of a Bad Thing , considers homework to be a “reliable extinguisher of curiosity,” and has several complaints with the evidence that Cooper and others cite in favor of it. Kohn notes, among other things, that Cooper’s 2006 meta-analysis doesn’t establish causation, and that its central correlation is based on children’s (potentially unreliable) self-reporting of how much time they spend doing homework. (Kohn’s prolific writing on the subject alleges numerous other methodological faults.)
In fact, other correlations make a compelling case that homework doesn’t help. Some countries whose students regularly outperform American kids on standardized tests, such as Japan and Denmark, send their kids home with less schoolwork , while students from some countries with higher homework loads than the U.S., such as Thailand and Greece, fare worse on tests. (Of course, international comparisons can be fraught because so many factors, in education systems and in societies at large, might shape students’ success.)
Kohn also takes issue with the way achievement is commonly assessed. “If all you want is to cram kids’ heads with facts for tomorrow’s tests that they’re going to forget by next week, yeah, if you give them more time and make them do the cramming at night, that could raise the scores,” he says. “But if you’re interested in kids who know how to think or enjoy learning, then homework isn’t merely ineffective, but counterproductive.”
His concern is, in a way, a philosophical one. “The practice of homework assumes that only academic growth matters, to the point that having kids work on that most of the school day isn’t enough,” Kohn says. What about homework’s effect on quality time spent with family? On long-term information retention? On critical-thinking skills? On social development? On success later in life? On happiness? The research is quiet on these questions.
Another problem is that research tends to focus on homework’s quantity rather than its quality, because the former is much easier to measure than the latter. While experts generally agree that the substance of an assignment matters greatly (and that a lot of homework is uninspiring busywork), there isn’t a catchall rule for what’s best—the answer is often specific to a certain curriculum or even an individual student.
Given that homework’s benefits are so narrowly defined (and even then, contested), it’s a bit surprising that assigning so much of it is often a classroom default, and that more isn’t done to make the homework that is assigned more enriching. A number of things are preserving this state of affairs—things that have little to do with whether homework helps students learn.
Jack Schneider, the Massachusetts parent and professor, thinks it’s important to consider the generational inertia of the practice. “The vast majority of parents of public-school students themselves are graduates of the public education system,” he says. “Therefore, their views of what is legitimate have been shaped already by the system that they would ostensibly be critiquing.” In other words, many parents’ own history with homework might lead them to expect the same for their children, and anything less is often taken as an indicator that a school or a teacher isn’t rigorous enough. (This dovetails with—and complicates—the finding that most parents think their children have the right amount of homework.)
Barbara Stengel, an education professor at Vanderbilt University’s Peabody College, brought up two developments in the educational system that might be keeping homework rote and unexciting. The first is the importance placed in the past few decades on standardized testing, which looms over many public-school classroom decisions and frequently discourages teachers from trying out more creative homework assignments. “They could do it, but they’re afraid to do it, because they’re getting pressure every day about test scores,” Stengel says.
Second, she notes that the profession of teaching, with its relatively low wages and lack of autonomy, struggles to attract and support some of the people who might reimagine homework, as well as other aspects of education. “Part of why we get less interesting homework is because some of the people who would really have pushed the limits of that are no longer in teaching,” she says.
“In general, we have no imagination when it comes to homework,” Stengel says. She wishes teachers had the time and resources to remake homework into something that actually engages students. “If we had kids reading—anything, the sports page, anything that they’re able to read—that’s the best single thing. If we had kids going to the zoo, if we had kids going to parks after school, if we had them doing all of those things, their test scores would improve. But they’re not. They’re going home and doing homework that is not expanding what they think about.”
“Exploratory” is one word Mike Simpson used when describing the types of homework he’d like his students to undertake. Simpson is the head of the Stone Independent School, a tiny private high school in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, that opened in 2017. “We were lucky to start a school a year and a half ago,” Simpson says, “so it’s been easy to say we aren’t going to assign worksheets, we aren’t going assign regurgitative problem sets.” For instance, a half-dozen students recently built a 25-foot trebuchet on campus.
Simpson says he thinks it’s a shame that the things students have to do at home are often the least fulfilling parts of schooling: “When our students can’t make the connection between the work they’re doing at 11 o’clock at night on a Tuesday to the way they want their lives to be, I think we begin to lose the plot.”
When I talked with other teachers who did homework makeovers in their classrooms, I heard few regrets. Brandy Young, a second-grade teacher in Joshua, Texas, stopped assigning take-home packets of worksheets three years ago, and instead started asking her students to do 20 minutes of pleasure reading a night. She says she’s pleased with the results, but she’s noticed something funny. “Some kids,” she says, “really do like homework.” She’s started putting out a bucket of it for students to draw from voluntarily—whether because they want an additional challenge or something to pass the time at home.
Chris Bronke, a high-school English teacher in the Chicago suburb of Downers Grove, told me something similar. This school year, he eliminated homework for his class of freshmen, and now mostly lets students study on their own or in small groups during class time. It’s usually up to them what they work on each day, and Bronke has been impressed by how they’ve managed their time.
In fact, some of them willingly spend time on assignments at home, whether because they’re particularly engaged, because they prefer to do some deeper thinking outside school, or because they needed to spend time in class that day preparing for, say, a biology test the following period. “They’re making meaningful decisions about their time that I don’t think education really ever gives students the experience, nor the practice, of doing,” Bronke said.
The typical prescription offered by those overwhelmed with homework is to assign less of it—to subtract. But perhaps a more useful approach, for many classrooms, would be to create homework only when teachers and students believe it’s actually needed to further the learning that takes place in class—to start with nothing, and add as necessary.
Get Started Today!
- Centre Details
- Ask A Question
- Change Location
- Programs & More
The Pros and Cons of Homework
The dreaded word for students across the country—homework.
Homework has long been a source of debate, with parents, educators, and education specialists debating the advantages of at-home study. There are many pros and cons of homework. We’ve examined a few significant points to provide you with a summary of the benefits and disadvantages of homework.
Check Out The Pros and Cons of Homework
Pro 1: Homework Helps to Improve Student Achievement
Homework teaches students various beneficial skills that they will carry with them throughout their academic and professional life, from time management and organization to self-motivation and autonomous learning.
Homework helps students of all ages build critical study abilities that help them throughout their academic careers. Learning at home also encourages the development of good research habits while encouraging students to take ownership of their tasks.
If you’re finding that homework is becoming an issue at home, check out this article to learn how to tackle them before they get out of hand.
Con 1: Too Much Homework Can Negatively Affect Students
You’ll often hear from students that they’re stressed out by schoolwork. Stress becomes even more apparent as students get into higher grade levels.
A study conducted on high school student’s experiences found that high-achieving students found that too much homework leads to sleep deprivation and other health problems such as:
- Weight loss
- Stomach problems
More than half of students say that homework is their primary source of stress, and we know what stress can do on our bodies.
It’s been shown that excessive homework can lead to cheating. With too much homework, students end up copying off one another in an attempt to finish all their assignments.
Pro 2: Homework Helps to Reinforce Classroom Learning
Homework is most effective when it allows students to revise what they learn in class. Did you know that students typically retain only 50% of the information teachers provide in class?
Students need to apply that information to learn it.
Homework also helps students develop key skills that they’ll use throughout their lives:
- Time management
- Critical thinking
- Independent problem-solving
The skills learned in homework can then be applied to other subjects and practical situations in students’ daily lives.
Con 2: Takes Away From Students Leisure Time
Children need free time. This free time allows children to relax and explore the world that they are living in. This free time also gives them valuable skills they wouldn’t learn in a classroom, such as riding a bike, reading a book, or socializing with friends and family.
Having leisure time teaches kids valuable skills that cannot be acquired when doing their homework at a computer.
Plus, students need to get enough exercise. Getting exercise can improve cognitive function, which might be hindered by sedentary activities such as homework.
Pro 3: Homework Gets Parents Involved with Children’s Learning
Homework helps parents track what their children are learning in school.
Also allows parents to see what their children’s academic strengths and weaknesses are. Homework can alert parents to any learning difficulties that their children might have, enabling them to provide assistance and modify their child’s learning approach as necessary.
Parents who help their children with homework will lead to higher academic performance, better social skills and behaviour, and greater self-confidence in their children.
Con 3: Homework Is Not Always Effective
Numerous researchers have attempted to evaluate the importance of homework and how it enhances academic performance. According to a study , homework in primary schools has a minimal effect since students pursue unrelated assignments instead of solidifying what they have already learned.
Mental health experts agree heavy homework loads have the capacity to do more harm than good for students. But they also say the answer may not be to eliminate homework altogether. So, unfortunately for students, homework is here to stay.
You can learn more about the pro and cons of homework here.
Need Help with Completing Homework Effectively?
There are many pros and cons of homework, so let our tutors at Oxford Learning can help your family create great homework habits to ensure students are successful at homework.
Contact a location near you to get started today!
Ungrading: What is it?
What your child can gain from a french immersion program, related homework resources.
Canadian Attitudes Toward Homework
Homework Help: Everything You Need to Know
Attention & Focus, Homework
7 ways to help slow-working students.
Should Students be Allowed to Redo Their Work?
Find an oxford learning ® location near you, we have over 100 centres across canada.
Is Homework Good for Kids? Here's What the Research Says
A s kids return to school, debate is heating up once again over how they should spend their time after they leave the classroom for the day.
The no-homework policy of a second-grade teacher in Texas went viral last week , earning praise from parents across the country who lament the heavy workload often assigned to young students. Brandy Young told parents she would not formally assign any homework this year, asking students instead to eat dinner with their families, play outside and go to bed early.
But the question of how much work children should be doing outside of school remains controversial, and plenty of parents take issue with no-homework policies, worried their kids are losing a potential academic advantage. Here’s what you need to know:
For decades, the homework standard has been a “10-minute rule,” which recommends a daily maximum of 10 minutes of homework per grade level. Second graders, for example, should do about 20 minutes of homework each night. High school seniors should complete about two hours of homework each night. The National PTA and the National Education Association both support that guideline.
But some schools have begun to give their youngest students a break. A Massachusetts elementary school has announced a no-homework pilot program for the coming school year, lengthening the school day by two hours to provide more in-class instruction. “We really want kids to go home at 4 o’clock, tired. We want their brain to be tired,” Kelly Elementary School Principal Jackie Glasheen said in an interview with a local TV station . “We want them to enjoy their families. We want them to go to soccer practice or football practice, and we want them to go to bed. And that’s it.”
A New York City public elementary school implemented a similar policy last year, eliminating traditional homework assignments in favor of family time. The change was quickly met with outrage from some parents, though it earned support from other education leaders.
New solutions and approaches to homework differ by community, and these local debates are complicated by the fact that even education experts disagree about what’s best for kids.
The most comprehensive research on homework to date comes from a 2006 meta-analysis by Duke University psychology professor Harris Cooper, who found evidence of a positive correlation between homework and student achievement, meaning students who did homework performed better in school. The correlation was stronger for older students—in seventh through 12th grade—than for those in younger grades, for whom there was a weak relationship between homework and performance.
Cooper’s analysis focused on how homework impacts academic achievement—test scores, for example. His report noted that homework is also thought to improve study habits, attitudes toward school, self-discipline, inquisitiveness and independent problem solving skills. On the other hand, some studies he examined showed that homework can cause physical and emotional fatigue, fuel negative attitudes about learning and limit leisure time for children. At the end of his analysis, Cooper recommended further study of such potential effects of homework.
Despite the weak correlation between homework and performance for young children, Cooper argues that a small amount of homework is useful for all students. Second-graders should not be doing two hours of homework each night, he said, but they also shouldn’t be doing no homework.
Not all education experts agree entirely with Cooper’s assessment.
Cathy Vatterott, an education professor at the University of Missouri-St. Louis, supports the “10-minute rule” as a maximum, but she thinks there is not sufficient proof that homework is helpful for students in elementary school.
“Correlation is not causation,” she said. “Does homework cause achievement, or do high achievers do more homework?”
Vatterott, the author of Rethinking Homework: Best Practices That Support Diverse Needs , thinks there should be more emphasis on improving the quality of homework tasks, and she supports efforts to eliminate homework for younger kids.
“I have no concerns about students not starting homework until fourth grade or fifth grade,” she said, noting that while the debate over homework will undoubtedly continue, she has noticed a trend toward limiting, if not eliminating, homework in elementary school.
The issue has been debated for decades. A TIME cover in 1999 read: “Too much homework! How it’s hurting our kids, and what parents should do about it.” The accompanying story noted that the launch of Sputnik in 1957 led to a push for better math and science education in the U.S. The ensuing pressure to be competitive on a global scale, plus the increasingly demanding college admissions process, fueled the practice of assigning homework.
“The complaints are cyclical, and we’re in the part of the cycle now where the concern is for too much,” Cooper said. “You can go back to the 1970s, when you’ll find there were concerns that there was too little, when we were concerned about our global competitiveness.”
Cooper acknowledged that some students really are bringing home too much homework, and their parents are right to be concerned.
“A good way to think about homework is the way you think about medications or dietary supplements,” he said. “If you take too little, they’ll have no effect. If you take too much, they can kill you. If you take the right amount, you’ll get better.”
- The Man Who Thinks He Can Live Forever
- Rooftop Solar Power Has a Dark Side
- Death and Desperation Take Over the World's Largest Refugee Camp
- Right-Wing's New Aim : a Parallel Economy
- Is It Flu, COVID-19, or RSV? Navigating At-Home Tests
- Kerry Washington: The Story of My Abortion
- How Canada and India's Relationship Crumbled
- Want Weekly Recs on What to Watch, Read, and More? Sign Up for Worth Your Time
Write to Katie Reilly at [email protected] .
20 Pros and Cons of Homework
Homework. It’s a word that sends a shudder down the spine of students and parents alike.
It is also a question that has become divisive. Some people feel that homework is an effective way to reinforce the concepts that were learned at school. Others feel like the time that homework demands would be better spent with a meaningful activity that brings the family together.
Is homework important? Is it necessary? Or is the added stress that homework places on students and parents doing more harm than good? Here are some of the key pros and cons to discuss.
List of the Pros of Homework
1. It encourages the discipline of practice. Repeating the same problems over and over can be boring and difficult, but it also reinforces the practice of discipline. To get better at a skill, repetition is often necessary. You get better with each repetition. By having homework completed every night, especially with a difficult subject, the concepts become easier to understand. That gives the student an advantage later on in life when seeking a vocational career.
2. It gets parents involved with a child’s life. Looking at Common Core math can be somewhat bewildering to parents. If you see the math problem 5×3 expressed as an addition problem, 5+5+5 seems like the right answer. The correct answer, however, would be 3+3+3+3+3. By bringing homework to do, students can engage their learning process with their parents so everyone can be involved. Many parents actually want homework sent so they can see what their children are being taught in the classroom.
3. It teaches time management skills. Homework goes beyond completing a task. It forces children (and parents, to some extent) to develop time management skills. Schedules must be organized to ensure that all tasks can be completed during the day. This creates independent thinking and develops problem-solving skills. It encourages research skills. It also puts parents and children into a position where positive decision-making skills must be developed.
4. Homework creates a communication network. Teachers rarely see into the family lives of their students. Parents rarely see the classroom lives of their children. Homework is a bridge that opens lines of communication between the school, the teacher, and the parent. This allows everyone to get to know one another better. It helps teachers understand the needs of their students better.
It allows parents to find out their child’s strengths and weaknesses. Together, an educational plan can be developed that encourages the best possible learning environment.
5. It allows for a comfortable place to study. Classrooms have evolved over the years to be a warmer and welcoming environment, but there is nothing like the comfort that is felt at home or in a safe space. By encouraging studies where a child feels the most comfortable, it is possible to retain additional information that may get lost within the standard classroom environment.
6. It provides more time to complete the learning process. The time allotted for each area of study in school, especially in K-12, is often limited to 1 hour or less per day. That is not always enough time for students to be able to grasp core concepts of that material. By creating specific homework assignments which address these deficiencies, it becomes possible to counter the effects of the time shortages. That can benefit students greatly over time.
7. It reduces screen time. On the average school night, a student in the US might get 3-4 hours of screen time in per day. When that student isn’t in school, that figure doubles to 7-8 hours of screen time. Homework might be unwanted and disliked, but it does encourage better study habits. It discourages time being spent in front of the television or playing games on a mobile device. That, in turn, may discourage distracting habits from forming that can take away from the learning process in the future.
8. It can be treated like any other extracurricular activity. Some families over-extend themselves on extracurricular activities. Students can easily have more than 40 hours per week, from clubs to sports, that fall outside of regular school hours. Homework can be treated as one of these activities, fitting into the schedule where there is extra time. As an added benefit, some homework can even be completed on the way to or from some activities.
List of the Cons of Homework
1. Children benefit from playing. Being in a classroom can be a good thing, but so can being on a playground. With too much homework, a child doesn’t have enough time to play and that can impact their learning and social development. Low levels of play are associated with lower academic achievement levels, lower safety awareness, less character development, and lower overall health.
2. It encourages a sedentary lifestyle. Long homework assignments require long periods of sitting. A sedentary lifestyle has numerous direct associations with premature death as children age into adults. Obesity levels are already at or near record highs in many communities. Homework may reinforce certain skills and encourage knowledge retention, but it may come at a high price.
3. Not every home is a beneficial environment. There are some homes that are highly invested into their children. Parents may be involved in every stage of homework or there may be access to tutors that can explain difficult concepts. In other homes, there may be little or no education investment into the child. Some parents push the responsibility of teaching off on the teacher and provide no homework support at all.
Sometimes parents may wish to be involved and support their child, but there are barriers in place that prevent this from happening. The bottom line is this: no every home life is equal.
4. School is already a full-time job for kids. An elementary school day might start at 9:00am and end at 3:20pm. That’s more than 6 hours of work that kids as young as 5 are putting into their education every day. Add in the extra-curricular activities that schools encourage, such as sports, musicals, and after-school programming and a student can easily reach 8 hours of education in the average day. Then add homework on top of that? It is asking a lot for any child, but especially young children, to complete extra homework.
5. There is no evidence that homework creates improvements. Survey after survey has found that the only thing that homework does is create a negative attitude toward schooling and education in general. Homework is not associated with a higher level of academic achievement on a national scale. It may help some students who struggle with certain subjects, if they have access to a knowledgeable tutor or parent, but on a community level, there is no evidence that shows improvements are gained.
6. It discourages creative endeavors. If a student is spending 1 hour each day on homework, that’s an hour they are not spending pursuing something that is important to them. Students might like to play video games or watch TV, but homework takes time away from learning an instrument, painting, or developing photography skills as well. Although some homework can involve creative skills, that usually isn’t the case.
7. Homework is difficult to enforce. Some students just don’t care about homework. They can achieve adequate grades without doing it, so they choose not to do it. There is no level of motivation that a parent or teacher can create that inspires some students to get involved with homework. There is no denying the fact that homework requires a certain amount of effort. Sometimes a child just doesn’t want to put in that effort.
8. Extra time in school does not equate to better grades. Students in the US spend more than 100 hours of extra time in school already compared to high-performing countries around the world, but that has not closed the educational gap between those countries and the United States. In some educational areas, the US is even falling in global rankings despite the extra time that students are spending in school. When it comes to homework or any other form of learning, quality is much more important than quantity.
9. Accurate practice may not be possible. If homework is assigned, there is a reliance on the student, their parents, or their guardians to locate resources that can help them understand the content. Homework is often about practice, but if the core concepts of that information are not understood or inaccurately understood, then the results are the opposite of what is intended. If inaccurate practice is performed, it becomes necessary for the teacher to first correct the issue and then reteach it, which prolongs the learning process.
10. It may encourage cheating on multiple levels. Some students may decide that cheating in the classroom to avoid taking homework home is a compromise they’re willing to make. With internet resources, finding the answers to homework instead of figuring out the answers on one’s own is a constant temptation as well. For families with multiple children, they may decide to copy off one another to minimize the time investment.
11. Too much homework is often assigned to students. There is a general agreement that students should be assigned no more than 10 minutes of homework per day, per grade level. That means a first grader should not be assigned more than 10 minutes of homework per night. Yet for the average first grader in US public schools, they come home with 20 minutes of homework and then are asked to complete 20 minutes of reading on top of that. That means some students are completing 4x more homework than recommended every night.
At the same time, the amount of time children spent playing outdoors has decreased by 40% over the past 30 years.
For high school students, it is even worse at high performing schools in the US where 90% of graduates go onto college, the average amount of homework assigned per night was 3 hours per student.
12. Homework is often geared toward benchmarks. Homework is often assigned to improve test scores. Although this can provide positive outcomes, including better study skills or habits, the fact is that when children are tired, they do not absorb much information. When children have more homework than recommended, test scores actually go down. Stress levels go up. Burnout on the curriculum occurs.
The results for many students, according to research from Ruben Fernandez-Alonso in the Journal of Educational Psychology, is a decrease in grades instead of an increase.
The pros and cons of homework are admittedly all over the map. Many parents and teachers follow their personal perspectives and create learning environments around them. When parents and teachers clash on homework, the student is often left in the middle of that tug of war. By discussing these key points, each side can work to find some common ground so our children can benefit for a clear, precise message.
Quantity may be important, but quality must be the priority for homework if a student is going to be successful.
School Life Balance , Tips for Online Students
The Pros and Cons of Homework
Homework is a word that most students dread hearing. After hours upon hours of sitting in class , the last thing we want is more schoolwork over our precious weekends. While it’s known to be a staple of traditional schooling, homework has also become a rather divise topic. Some feel as though homework is a necessary part of school, while others believe that the time could be better invested. Should students have homework? Have a closer look into the arguments on both sides to decide for yourself.
Photo by energepic.com from Pexels
Why should students have homework, 1. homework encourages practice.
Many people believe that one of the positive effects of homework is that it encourages the discipline of practice. While it may be time consuming and boring compared to other activities, repetition is needed to get better at skills. Homework helps make concepts more clear, and gives students more opportunities when starting their career .
2. Homework Gets Parents Involved
Homework can be something that gets parents involved in their children’s lives if the environment is a healthy one. A parent helping their child with homework makes them take part in their academic success, and allows for the parent to keep up with what the child is doing in school. It can also be a chance to connect together.
3. Homework Teaches Time Management
Homework is much more than just completing the assigned tasks. Homework can develop time management skills , forcing students to plan their time and make sure that all of their homework assignments are done on time. By learning to manage their time, students also practice their problem-solving skills and independent thinking. One of the positive effects of homework is that it forces decision making and compromises to be made.
4. Homework Opens A Bridge Of Communication
Homework creates a connection between the student, the teacher, the school, and the parents. It allows everyone to get to know each other better, and parents can see where their children are struggling. In the same sense, parents can also see where their children are excelling. Homework in turn can allow for a better, more targeted educational plan for the student.
5. Homework Allows For More Learning Time
Homework allows for more time to complete the learning process. School hours are not always enough time for students to really understand core concepts, and homework can counter the effects of time shortages, benefiting students in the long run, even if they can’t see it in the moment.
6. Homework Reduces Screen Time
Many students in North America spend far too many hours watching TV. If they weren’t in school, these numbers would likely increase even more. Although homework is usually undesired, it encourages better study habits and discourages spending time in front of the TV. Homework can be seen as another extracurricular activity, and many families already invest a lot of time and money in different clubs and lessons to fill up their children’s extra time. Just like extracurricular activities, homework can be fit into one’s schedule.
The Other Side: Why Homework Is Bad
1. homework encourages a sedentary lifestyle.
Should students have homework? Well, that depends on where you stand. There are arguments both for the advantages and the disadvantages of homework.
While classroom time is important, playground time is just as important. If children are given too much homework, they won’t have enough playtime, which can impact their social development and learning. Studies have found that those who get more play get better grades in school , as it can help them pay closer attention in the classroom.
Children are already sitting long hours in the classroom, and homework assignments only add to these hours. Sedentary lifestyles can be dangerous and can cause health problems such as obesity. Homework takes away from time that could be spent investing in physical activity.
2. Homework Isn’t Healthy In Every Home
While many people that think homes are a beneficial environment for children to learn, not all homes provide a healthy environment, and there may be very little investment from parents. Some parents do not provide any kind of support or homework help, and even if they would like to, due to personal barriers, they sometimes cannot. Homework can create friction between children and their parents, which is one of the reasons why homework is bad .
3. Homework Adds To An Already Full-Time Job
School is already a full-time job for students, as they generally spend over 6 hours each day in class. Students also often have extracurricular activities such as sports, music, or art that are just as important as their traditional courses. Adding on extra hours to all of these demands is a lot for children to manage, and prevents students from having extra time to themselves for a variety of creative endeavors. Homework prevents self discovery and having the time to learn new skills outside of the school system. This is one of the main disadvantages of homework.
4. Homework Has Not Been Proven To Provide Results
Endless surveys have found that homework creates a negative attitude towards school, and homework has not been found to be linked to a higher level of academic success.
The positive effects of homework have not been backed up enough. While homework may help some students improve in specific subjects, if they have outside help there is no real proof that homework makes for improvements.
It can be a challenge to really enforce the completion of homework, and students can still get decent grades without doing their homework. Extra school time does not necessarily mean better grades — quality must always come before quantity.
Accurate practice when it comes to homework simply isn’t reliable. Homework could even cause opposite effects if misunderstood, especially since the reliance is placed on the student and their parents — one of the major reasons as to why homework is bad. Many students would rather cheat in class to avoid doing their homework at home, and children often just copy off of each other or from what they read on the internet.
5. Homework Assignments Are Overdone
The general agreement is that students should not be given more than 10 minutes a day per grade level. What this means is that a first grader should be given a maximum of 10 minutes of homework, while a second grader receives 20 minutes, etc. Many students are given a lot more homework than the recommended amount, however.
On average, college students spend as much as 3 hours per night on homework . By giving too much homework, it can increase stress levels and lead to burn out. This in turn provides an opposite effect when it comes to academic success.
The pros and cons of homework are both valid, and it seems as though the question of ‘‘should students have homework?’ is not a simple, straightforward one. Parents and teachers often are found to be clashing heads, while the student is left in the middle without much say.
It’s important to understand all the advantages and disadvantages of homework, taking both perspectives into conversation to find a common ground. At the end of the day, everyone’s goal is the success of the student.
- Child Development
- Studying Simplified
10 Homework Benefits (Purpose & Facts)
Homework isn’t just additional learning content but an effective strategy to test students’ comprehension of taught concepts. Since its introduction in the 16th century, homework has elicited various reactions with some advocating for it while others condemning it. Here, I will be highlighting the top 10 benefits of homework to convince you that homework has its place in education.
The top 10 benefits of homework:
- Students learn about time management
- Homework provides a measurement of students’ learning for teachers
- Trains students to solve problems
- Gives students another opportunity to review class material
- Parents get to see the content being taught in school
- Students learn to take responsibility for their part in the educational process
- Students learn to do things even if they don’t want to
- Trains students to work independently
- Students learn to stay organized, act and plan
- Deepens students’ understanding of a subject matter
Download, print & share this Edugage designed “ 10 Homework Benefits (Purpose & Facts) “. Add a little inspiration to your study room or classroom.
Below, I have broken down each benefit of homework. Hopefully, they will provide you the insight of homework’s importance and relevance in education. So, the next time you see your child doing their homework, remember that they are undergoing a learning transformation part of the education process.
1) Students learn about time management
Homework is an effective tool when teaching your child about time management. This means that time management should extend beyond the classroom and into your home. Whether your child needs to play or complete some light chores, it’s in your best interest to provide your child with ample time to complete their homework. Homework demands a fresh mind and complete concentration. So, you should make it your mission to ensure that your child is well fed and refreshed before beginning any assignment.
When you supervise your child to complete their homework, you subconsciously instill a sense of responsibility and prioritization in them. Your child should be in a unique position to prioritize on tasks with your guidance. This strategy makes it much easier to complete multiple tasks within a specific duration with ease.
2) Homework provides a measurement of students’ learning for teachers
Have you ever wondered whether your students have understood your content? Then consider giving them homework. Based on the responses obtained from the assignment, you will be able to tell how well your students learned the content. If the responses are unsatisfactory, then be prepared to revisit the chapter and break it down to simpler subtopics that can be understood with relative ease.
Chances are your students might not have understood complex terminologies that proved frustrating to recall when completing their homework. More importantly, encourage your students to follow up with questions on concepts that are ambiguous to understand and explain.
Also, feel free to introduce various types of learning styles to ensure that the specific content is understood. For instance, musical lessons are best taught with the aid of musical instruments. On the other hand, visual lessons are best taught with the aid of sample objects.
3) Trains students to solve problems
Problem solving is a critical aspect of the learning process and it evaluates your child’s capacity to reason and make informed decisions. When in a classroom setting, your child is given the unique advantage of problem-solving various questions with the assistance of their teacher. But when at home, they must rely on recalled information to execute ideal solutions to the problems at hand.
Implementing this strategy is no easy task. It demands concentration and the ability to seek immediate clarification on solutions that are difficult to understand. If your child can successfully learn how to solve questions in class, they are in ideal position to replicate this strategy at home with the proficiency it deserves.
As a parent, it’s imperative to instill confidence in your child from an early age. Confidence is crucial in building up self-esteem and helping them raise questions without experiencing doubt and scrutiny from their classmates.
- Difference Between Growth And Development (8 Facts)
- What Are The 5 Stages Of Child Development?
Free Online Tools For Teachers (Make Teaching Better)
4) Gives students another opportunity to review class material
If you thought that learning ends in school, then you are sadly mistaken. Learning extends to the home environment for any serious students. When your child completes homework regularly, they are given a unique opportunity to review class material. This constant revision not only builds on their knowledge but also expounds on their ability to recall information fast and identify alternative solutions to the same problem.
When your child does their homework, the learnt information is ingrained in their mind based on multiple revision exercises. The more exercises that they complete, the easier it is to approach such questions in future.
5) Parents get to see the content being taught in school
Homework isn’t just beneficial to the student. It is equally useful to the parent, especially when they are interested in their child’s progress and performance in various subjects. A brief 10- or 20-minutes skim of your child’s homework brings you up to speed on the specific content taught in school.
From your evaluation, you can assist your child in identifying alternative solutions to specific sets of questions. However, it’s advisable to encourage your child to identify solutions by themselves in preparation for examinations that are tested on individual comprehension.
6) Students learn to take responsibility for their part in the educational process
Homework is widely considered to be an ideal way to instill responsibility in students. By enforcing homework regularly, students are subconsciously informed on the need to take education seriously. Each assignment completed brings your child a step closer to achieving their educational goals and taking responsibility for their life decisions.
In short, homework prepares your child to take responsibility for much bigger tasks later in life that are more challenging and demanding than school content. This perspective equips your child with a growth mindset that is crucial in overcoming setbacks and realizing their set goals and objectives.
7) Students learn to do things even if they don’t want to
It’s a fact that most students don’t like homework especially when they must forego their favorite hobbies at home. But enforcing homework on your child is advantageous in teaching them that they must do things even when they don’t want to. Your child should be prepared to do such things that will become prevalent in adulthood.
It revolves around embracing sacrifice and foregoing instant gratification for delayed gratification. Being prepared to make sacrifices that will yield remarkable results isn’t reserved only for parents but for their children as well.
By embracing sacrifices, your child is in an elevated position to weed out distractions and focus on the task at hand. It isn’t easy but turning off the TV and cellphone is a great way to test their concentration and threshold for sacrifice.
8) Trains students to work independently
If you’ve ever wondered how you can test your child’s independence to complete assignments, then setting homework questions is a great strategy to begin with. As a parent, it’s imperative to give your child ample time to do their homework before rushing in to assist them. This allocated time is crucial in recalling learnt information and identifying effective alternatives to various questions.
Providing your child with ample time to do their homework speaks volumes about your level of trust in them. This level of independence and trust assist your child in making informed decisions on what makes sense in their future career aspirations.
9) Students learn to stay organized, act and plan
Completing homework effectively is a systematic process that entails following the assignment’s instructions, doing research from various sources and taking notes from various publications. Such guidelines can only be completed when your child practices organization, takes notes and plans their work. It is important early enough to ensure that the task is completed within the set time.
Failing to plan accordingly puts the quality of the assignment at risk by affecting its relevance and length. Such issues can be avoided by taking the time to organize, research and complete their assignment to ensure that relevant information is obtained.
10) Deepens students’ understanding of a subject matter
Understanding concepts from a classroom setting is admirable but taking the time to complete assignments speaks volumes about your capacity to go the extra mile in deepening your understanding. Often, homework breaks down complex terminologies and concepts to make the learning process effective. Based on proven research, students that cherished doing homework exhibited advanced understanding of various topics compared to those that shunned assignments.
Regardless of what naysayers might say, homework has transformed the learning process in multiple ways. Apart from simplifying the learning process, school assignments have also improved students’ problem-solving skills beyond the arithmetic requirements. Thus, homework has its place in the education process.
Is homework only beneficial to students? Homework does not only benefit students. It helps teachers and parents to nurture trust and cooperation with the students. This will help to develop successful students.
Is homework mandatory? Most schools have taken the initiative to make homework mandatory in their curriculum. Its implementation came in the reforms and modernization policies designed to yield optimal benefits to students.
Additional Reads For Teachers
How Does Growth Mindset Help Students?
How To Use Six Thinking Hats In The Classroom?
Additional Reads For Parents
How To Motivate A Child To Study?
What Are The Good Habits For Kids?
Factors Affecting Growth And Development Of A Child
How To Encourage My Kid To Read? (12 Tips)
Benefits, Facts, homework, Parenting, Teaching
You may also like
Growth vs development: what parents and teachers should know, gaming concepts to level up studying.
interesting & educational reads
Our Popular Articles
How to effectively deal with your hyperactive child, at what age should a child start talking clearly, how to encourage your baby to talk (9 tricks), the 3 biological factors affecting growth and development in a child.
Please log in again. The login page will open in a new tab. After logging in you can close it and return to this page.
What’s the Purpose of Homework?
Finding the right balance between school and home..
Posted November 4, 2014 | Reviewed by Jessica Schrader
Remember the days of sitting in class waiting eagerly for the bell to ring before the teacher said that dreaded word, “homework”? Sighs, rolling eyes, and grunts quickly filled the quiet classroom at the mention of that word. Well, not much has changed today except for the fact that many teachers post assignments electronically. I have yet to see a student jump for joy when the word homework is mentioned, nor have I seen students eager to get home to do their homework (maybe finish it, but not to do it). This brings up the question, “What’s the purpose of homework?”
Research shows mixed results when it comes to homework. Some research has shown that students aren’t doing any more homework than their parents did at their age. In a study, school-aged children and parents completed surveys about how much homework youth have. The results showed that the typical elementary student has 30-45 minutes of homework each night. The average high-school student has about 60 minutes per night. Interestingly, these numbers have remained consistent since 1984!
As an educator, I would like to see a replication of this study. Today's teens are taking college-level courses as early as the ninth and tenth grade. With the push of programs such as Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, and Dual Enrollment, it is amazing that teens are not completely burnt out. No wonder 8% of teen's age 13-18 years meet the criteria for an anxiety disorder. Too many teens are spending a lot of time on schoolwork outside of the classroom. Ask today's teen what has him/her so stressed and you'll find that about 80% of them will say school.
There are those who argue that homework does serve a purpose . For example, it helps to prepare students for national and statewide exams and tests. It helps to reinforce what’s being taught in the classroom. It enables parents to actively engage in their child’s education . Plus, it helps teach fundamental skills such as time management , organization, task completion, as well as responsibility. What’s more important is students get to demonstrate mastery of material without the assistance of a teacher.
How much homework should your child do each night? Organizations such as the National Parent Teacher Association support giving students about 10 minutes of homework each night, per grade level, starting in first grade. So a middle school student would have a full day in school and then an additional 60 minutes of homework after school. Is that too much? Are these guidelines being followed? I would recommend speaking with high-achieving teens and let them share how much of their time is consumed with homework. Many will tell you that they spend hours upon hours each night studying for tests, and preparing for papers and projects, etc.
According to Stanford University , more than a couple of hours of homework a night may be counterproductive. Researchers looked at students in high achieving communities, defined as a median household income exceeding $90,000, and 93% of the students attended post-secondary institutions. Students in these areas spent an average of three-plus hours on homework every night. So imagine a teen spending an entire day at school, going to work or extracurricular activities, then going home to do three or more hours of homework each night; only to get up the next day to do it all again.
Researchers have found that students who spend too much time on homework experience more levels of stress and physical health problems. Too much homework has also been shown to have a negative impact on students’ social lives. This is no surprise to the parents who rarely see their child because he/she is too busy working on homework, or to the parent who gets up at 12:30 A.M. to check to see if their child has made it to bed yet. Overall, high school students shouldn’t be spending over two hours on homework each night.
According to the Stanford study , too much homework leads to:
•Stress: 56% of the students surveyed considered homework a primary source of stress. Less than 1% of the students said homework was not a stressor.
•Poor health: Many students reported sleep deprivation, headaches, stomach problems, weight loss, and exhaustion.
•Less time for a social life : Students reported that spending too much time on homework led to pulling out of enjoyable activities, quitting extracurricular activities, and not spending much time with family and friends.
OK, I know not all students spend a lot of time doing homework. According to a survey by the U.S. Dept. of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics , the majority of youth spend an average of seven hours of homework outside of school each week. So while that doesn't seem like an unreasonable amount, what about the student who spends three-plus hours per night? Where is the happy medium?
There are definitely pros and cons to doing homework. I think the bigger question that educators need to address is “what’s the purpose of the assignment?” Is it merely a way to show parents and administration what's going on in the class? Is it a means to help keep the grades up? Is the homework being graded for accuracy or completion? If so, then what if the assignment is wrong? Have the necessary skills been taught so the student can master the material on his or her own? I read an article once that stated teachers underestimate the amount of homework they assign by 50%. If that's accurate then there is definitely cause for concern.
In summary, there seems to be no clear answer on the homework debate. I started the blog with a question “What’s the purpose of homework?” I’ll end with the same question. If a teacher who is assigning the homework can’t provide a clear rationale behind this question, then maybe the homework shouldn’t be assigned.
I welcome you to weigh in with your thoughts. Do you think students have too much homework? If you are a teen reading this, how much homework do you have on an average night?
Raychelle Cassada Lohman n , M.S., LPC, is the author of The Anger Workbook for Teens .
- Find a Therapist
- Find a Treatment Center
- Find a Psychiatrist
- Find a Support Group
- Find Teletherapy
- United States
- Brooklyn, NY
- Chicago, IL
- Houston, TX
- Los Angeles, CA
- New York, NY
- Portland, OR
- San Diego, CA
- San Francisco, CA
- Seattle, WA
- Washington, DC
- Bipolar Disorder
- Chronic Pain
- Eating Disorders
- Passive Aggression
- Goal Setting
- Positive Psychology
- Stopping Smoking
- Low Sexual Desire
- Child Development
- Therapy Center NEW
- Diagnosis Dictionary
- Types of Therapy
As the lines between real and fake blur, Americans increasingly chase the idea of authenticity. The first step may be to consider self-knowledge, truthfulness, and other building blocks on the road to personal growth.
- Coronavirus Disease 2019
- Affective Forecasting
Unveiling Best Benefits of Homework: The Power of Practice in 2023
Are you searching for the benefits of homework? If yes, then have a close look at this blog post to explore some of the best benefits of homework.
Homework can help students improve their grades, test scores, and overall academic performance.” – National Education Association
Homework has been a long-standing educational practice that has faced both praise and criticism. While some argue against the notion of homework, it is important to recognize the numerous benefits it offers to students.
In this article, we will explore the advantages of homework, how it improves academic performance, and its broader impact on personal growth and development.
Homework serves as an extension of the learning process, enabling students to reinforce their knowledge and apply what they have learned in the classroom. It plays a vital role in shaping students’ responsibility, time management skills, critical thinking abilities, and overall academic performance. Let’s delve into the various ways in which homework can benefit students.
Benefits of Homework Statistics
Table of Contents
According to a study by the National Education Association (NEA), students who consistently complete homework tend to perform better academically. Research shows a positive correlation between homework completion and higher test scores.
benefits of homework
Have a close look at some of the best benefits of homework.
Improved Academic Performance
One of the primary benefits of homework is its positive impact on academic performance. When students engage in regular homework completion, they have the opportunity to reinforce what they have learned in class.
This practice helps solidify their understanding of key concepts and allows for the application of knowledge in different contexts. As a result, students who consistently complete their homework often exhibit higher levels of academic achievement.
Reinforcement of Learning
Homework serves as a valuable tool for reinforcing the knowledge and skills acquired in the classroom. It provides students with the opportunity to practice what they have learned independently, allowing them to internalize and retain information more effectively.
By reviewing and applying concepts outside of the classroom environment, students can deepen their understanding and consolidate their learning. It is one of the major benefits of homework.
Development of Responsibility and Time Management Skills
It is one of the major benefits of homework. Regular homework assignments encourage the development of important life skills such as responsibility and time management. When students are given tasks to complete on their own, they learn to take ownership of their education and manage their time effectively.
These skills are essential for success not only in academics but also in future endeavors and professional careers.
Preparation for Future Challenges
Homework prepares students for the challenges they will face in higher education and beyond. It cultivates a sense of self-discipline and resilience by requiring students to work independently and meet deadlines.
The ability to tackle assignments outside of the classroom environment helps students develop the necessary skills to excel in college and the workplace. It is one of the major benefits of homework.
Increased Parental Involvement
Homework provides an opportunity for parents to be actively involved in their child’s education. When parents engage in discussions about homework assignments, assist with understanding complex topics, or monitor progress, they establish a supportive learning environment at home.
This increased parental involvement can positively impact a student’s motivation, confidence, and overall academic performance. It is one of the major benefits of homework.
Enhanced Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving Abilities
Homework assignments often require students to think critically and solve problems independently. By grappling with challenging questions and tasks, students develop their analytical and problem-solving skills.
Homework prompts them to apply their knowledge, think creatively, and explore different approaches to find solutions. These cognitive abilities are invaluable for success in academics and future career paths.
Promotion of Self-Discipline and Independence
Homework instills qualities of self-discipline and independence in students. When faced with assignments that require self-motivation and self-regulation, students learn to manage their time efficiently, prioritize tasks, and persist in the face of challenges.
These qualities not only contribute to academic success but also play a crucial role in personal and professional growth. It is one of the major benefits of homework.
Exploration of Personal Interests and Creativity
Homework assignments can provide opportunities for students to explore their personal interests and unleash their creativity. For instance, writing assignments allow students to express their thoughts and ideas, fostering their writing skills and creativity.
Projects and research tasks enable students to delve deeper into topics of their choice, promoting a sense of curiosity and intellectual exploration. It is one of the major benefits of homework.
Improved Study Habits
Consistent homework completion helps students develop effective study habits. By dedicating time to review and practice outside of school hours, students learn to manage their workload and develop strategies that optimize their learning.
These study habits not only benefit their current academic pursuits but also lay a foundation for lifelong learning. It is one of the major benefits of homework.
Building Stronger Teacher-Student Relationships
Homework can foster stronger relationships between teachers and students. Through the feedback provided on assignments, teachers gain insights into individual students’ progress, strengths, and areas for improvement.
This personalized feedback allows teachers to tailor their instruction and support to meet the specific needs of each student, establishing a rapport that promotes effective learning. It is one of the major benefits of homework.
Encouragement of a Strong Work Ethic
The completion of homework assignments promotes the development of a strong work ethic. When students consistently engage in independent study and task completion, they cultivate a sense of responsibility, perseverance, and dedication.
These qualities are essential for success in academics and in all aspects of life. It is one of the major benefits of homework.
Fostering a Sense of Achievement
Completing homework assignments gives students a sense of accomplishment and achievement. The recognition of their efforts and the satisfaction of completing tasks boost their self-esteem and motivation.
This positive reinforcement contributes to a student’s overall attitude towards learning and encourages them to continue striving for success. It is one of the major benefits of homework.
Facilitation of Knowledge Retention
Homework plays a crucial role in the retention of knowledge and skills. By regularly revisiting and practicing what has been taught in class, students reinforce their learning and prevent the forgetting curve.
Homework assignments help students retain information in their long-term memory, ensuring a more comprehensive understanding of the subject matter. It is one of the major benefits of homework.
Homework refers to tasks assigned by teachers to students to be completed outside of regular class time. It can take various forms, such as reading assignments, writing essays, solving mathematical problems, conducting research, or completing projects.
While the debate about the effectiveness of homework continues, it is important to recognize the potential benefits it offers to students.
What are benefits of having homework?
The benefits of having homework are numerous and can positively impact a student’s educational journey. Here are some of the key benefits:
Homework provides an opportunity for students to practice and reinforce what they have learned in class. By applying concepts and skills independently, students deepen their understanding and retention of the material.
Development of Responsibility
Homework teaches students to take ownership of their learning. It encourages them to manage their time effectively, meet deadlines, and prioritize tasks, fostering a sense of responsibility and accountability.
Preparation for Tests and Exams
Homework assignments serve as valuable preparation for assessments. By completing homework, students review and consolidate their knowledge, identify areas of weakness, and gain confidence in their abilities.
Extension of Learning
Homework allows students to explore topics in greater depth. It provides opportunities for independent research, critical thinking, and creative expression, fostering intellectual curiosity and a deeper understanding of the subject matter.
Homework helps develop important skills such as problem-solving, critical thinking, organization, and time management. These skills are transferable and beneficial not only in academics but also in various aspects of life.
Homework can involve parents in their child’s education. It provides a chance for parents to support and engage with their child’s learning process, fostering a positive home-school connection and enhancing communication between parents and teachers.
Preparation for Higher Education and Work
Homework prepares students for the demands of higher education and the workforce. It cultivates skills such as independent study, research, self-discipline, and perseverance, which are essential for success in college and future careers.
Is homework good for the brain?
Yes, homework can be beneficial for the brain. Engaging in regular homework assignments can stimulate cognitive processes and promote brain development. Here are some ways in which homework can be good for the brain:
Homework provides opportunities for students to review and practice what they have learned. This repetition strengthens neural connections and enhances memory retention. By revisiting information and concepts, students reinforce their understanding and improve their ability to recall and apply knowledge.
Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving
Homework often involves tasks that require critical thinking and problem-solving skills. When students tackle challenging assignments independently, they engage their brains in analyzing, evaluating, and finding solutions. This mental exercise enhances cognitive abilities and sharpens problem-solving skills.
Metacognition and Self-Reflection
Homework encourages metacognitive processes, such as self-reflection and self-evaluation. Students are prompted to think about their own thinking, assess their understanding, and identify areas of weakness. This metacognitive awareness promotes higher-order thinking skills and self-directed learning.
Neural Pathway Development
Completing homework tasks that involve various subjects and skills helps create and strengthen neural pathways in the brain. As students encounter different types of problems and engage in diverse learning activities, their brains adapt and develop connections that facilitate learning and cognitive flexibility.
Attention and Focus
Homework requires sustained attention and focus. By practicing concentration during homework sessions, students improve their ability to stay focused for extended periods. This skill is valuable not only for academic pursuits but also for daily tasks that demand concentration and attention to detail.
Time Management and Executive Functioning
Homework necessitates managing time effectively and organizing tasks. This activates the brain’s executive functions, such as planning, prioritizing, and self-regulation. Regular practice of these skills through homework can improve executive functioning abilities and enhance overall cognitive performance.
Intellectual Curiosity and Lifelong Learning
Homework assignments can spark curiosity and a love for learning. When students explore topics in-depth, conduct research, and seek knowledge beyond the classroom, they cultivate a lifelong habit of intellectual curiosity. This mindset promotes continuous brain engagement and a thirst for knowledge.
Is homework everyday good for students?
The question of whether homework every day is good for students is a matter of balance and individual circumstances. While homework can provide benefits, excessive or poorly designed homework can have negative effects. Here are some considerations regarding daily homework:
Homework can reinforce learning and enhance academic skills when appropriately assigned. Regular practice outside of the classroom can deepen understanding, reinforce concepts, and develop important skills. However, if the workload becomes excessive, it may lead to stress, burnout, and a negative impact on academic performance.
Time for Other Activities
Students have diverse commitments outside of academics, such as extracurricular activities, family responsibilities, and personal interests. Excessive homework can leave little time for relaxation, pursuing hobbies, and socializing. It is important to strike a balance that allows students to engage in a well-rounded development.
Physical and Mental Health
Students require sufficient time for physical activity, rest, and maintaining their mental well-being. If homework encroaches on these aspects, it may lead to physical strain, inadequate sleep, and increased stress levels. It is crucial to consider the overall health and well-being of students when assigning homework.
Individual Learning Styles and Needs
Students have different learning styles and preferences. Some may benefit from additional practice and reinforcement, while others may grasp concepts quickly in the classroom. Teachers should consider the individual needs of students and tailor homework accordingly, ensuring it provides value without overwhelming them.
Quality over Quantity
The quality of homework is more important than the quantity. Thoughtfully designed assignments that encourage critical thinking, creativity, and independent exploration are more beneficial than a high volume of repetitive tasks. Homework should be purposeful, aligned with learning objectives, and promote deep understanding rather than mere completion.
Regular communication between teachers, students, and parents is crucial. It helps identify potential issues related to homework load, provides opportunities for feedback, and allows for adjustments based on individual needs. Open dialogue ensures that homework aligns with the educational goals and the well-being of students.
Age and Developmental Considerations
The amount and type of homework should be age-appropriate and consider students’ developmental stages. Younger students may require shorter assignments that focus on foundational skills, while older students can handle more complex tasks. Homework policies should be flexible and adaptable to different grade levels.
Is homework always beneficial?
While homework can provide benefits, it is important to recognize that homework may not always be universally beneficial in every situation. Here are some considerations regarding the potential drawbacks of homework:
Time Constraints and Work-Life Balance
Excessive homework can consume a significant amount of time, leaving students with little opportunity for relaxation, pursuing personal interests, or spending time with family and friends. It is crucial to strike a balance that allows for a healthy work-life balance.
Stress and Burnout
Heavy workloads and excessive homework can lead to increased stress levels and potential burnout. Students may feel overwhelmed, particularly when faced with multiple assignments and tight deadlines. Excessive stress can have detrimental effects on mental health and overall well-being.
Lack of Individualization
Homework assignments are often standardized and may not cater to the specific needs and learning styles of every student. Some students may require different approaches or additional support that homework alone may not provide. It is important to consider individual differences when assigning and evaluating homework.
Inequality and Disadvantages
Students from different backgrounds and with varying levels of support at home may face inequities when it comes to completing homework. Limited access to resources, technology, or parental assistance can create disadvantages, widening the achievement gap among students.
Diminished Interest in Learning
If homework assignments become monotonous or disconnected from students’ interests, it may diminish their intrinsic motivation to learn. When homework feels like a repetitive and uninspiring task, it may hinder the development of a genuine passion for learning.
Fatigue and Limited Rest
Homework completed late at night or in the early morning hours can lead to insufficient sleep and fatigue. Inadequate rest negatively affects cognitive functioning, attention span, and overall academic performance.
Potential for Superficial Learning
If homework assignments focus solely on completing tasks without fostering deep understanding, critical thinking, or creativity, students may engage in superficial learning. Rote memorization and regurgitation of information may overshadow true comprehension and application of knowledge.
Is homework good for Mental health?
The impact of homework on mental health can vary depending on various factors such as the amount of homework, individual student’s circumstances, and overall workload. While homework itself is not inherently detrimental to mental health, it is essential to strike a balance to ensure it does not negatively affect students’ well-being. Here are some considerations:
Stress and Pressure
Excessive amounts of homework or overwhelming workloads can lead to increased stress levels and pressure on students. When the workload becomes unmanageable, it can contribute to anxiety, frustration, and a sense of being overwhelmed, which can adversely affect mental health.
Time for Rest and Self-Care
Homework can potentially take up a significant amount of a student’s time, leaving little room for rest, relaxation, and self-care activities. Insufficient time for restorative activities can impact mental health by increasing fatigue and reducing opportunities for stress relief.
Engaging in late-night homework sessions can disrupt sleep patterns, leading to sleep deprivation. Inadequate sleep negatively impacts cognitive function, mood, and overall mental well-being. It is crucial to prioritize sufficient sleep for students’ mental health.
Students often have multiple responsibilities, including academics, extracurricular activities, family commitments, and personal interests. When homework load becomes excessive, it can disrupt the balance between these responsibilities, leading to increased stress and decreased mental well-being.
Individual Coping Strategies
Students may have different coping mechanisms and stress tolerance levels. While some students may manage homework-related stress effectively, others may struggle and experience negative effects on their mental health. It is important to consider individual differences and provide support when needed.
A supportive environment that includes teachers, parents, and peers can play a significant role in mitigating the potential negative impact of homework on mental health. Open communication, understanding, and providing resources for academic support can help create a healthier homework experience.
Strategies for Effective Homework
Homework can be a valuable tool for reinforcing learning and promoting academic growth. To ensure that homework is effective and enhances students’ educational experience, it is important to implement strategies that maximize its benefits.
In this article, we will explore some strategies for effective homework.
Clear and Purposeful Assignments
Assign homework that is clear, purposeful, and aligned with the learning objectives. Clearly communicate the assignment’s goals, expectations, and relevance to the students.
This clarity helps students understand the purpose of the homework and its connection to the topics covered in class.
Adequate Time for Completion
Provide students with an appropriate amount of time to complete their homework. Consider the complexity of the task and the students’ workload when determining the deadline.
Giving students sufficient time allows them to engage in deep learning, manage their time effectively, and produce quality work.
Recognize that students have different learning styles and abilities. Tailor homework assignments to meet individual needs and provide opportunities for differentiation.
This could involve offering extension activities for advanced students or providing additional support for those who may require it. Individualization promotes engagement and ensures that homework is meaningful for all students.
Balance and Variety
Maintain a balance between different types of homework tasks and subjects. Provide a variety of assignments that include practice exercises, research projects, creative tasks, and critical thinking activities.
This variety keeps students engaged, encourages different skill sets, and prevents monotony.
Offer resources and references that support students in completing their homework successfully. Provide access to textbooks, online materials, reference guides, or supplementary resources that can assist students in their independent learning.
This support empowers students to explore beyond the classroom and enhances their understanding of the topics.
Feedback and Assessment
Provide timely and constructive feedback on homework assignments. Offer specific comments that highlight strengths and areas for improvement. This feedback helps students gauge their progress, identify areas that need attention, and encourages a growth mindset.
Additionally, consider incorporating self-assessment and peer feedback as valuable learning opportunities.
Engage Parents and Guardians
Involve parents and guardians in the homework process. Communicate homework expectations and provide guidelines for supporting their child’s learning at home. Encourage open communication channels to address any concerns or questions parents may have.
Parental involvement strengthens the home-school connection and contributes to students’ success.
Homework has proven to be a valuable tool in enhancing students’ educational experience and promoting their overall development. Throughout this article, we have explored the numerous benefits that homework offers beyond academic achievement.
First and foremost, homework instills important life skills such as time management, responsibility, and self-directed learning. Students learn to prioritize their commitments, take ownership of their education, and develop a sense of accountability.
These skills are essential for success not only in academics but also in various aspects of life. Homework also fosters critical thinking, problem-solving, and resilience.
Students are encouraged to analyze information, think creatively, and persist in their efforts to overcome challenges. These skills are transferable to real-life situations, equipping students with the ability to navigate complexities and make informed decisions. If you think that we have missed anything of the benefits of homework then comment down below.
Frequently Asked Questions
Does homework always lead to better academic performance.
Homework has been shown to correlate with improved academic performance, but its effectiveness may vary depending on various factors such as the type and amount of homework assigned, student engagement, and individual learning styles.
Should parents help their children with homework?
Parents can provide guidance and support with homework, but it is important to strike a balance. The goal is to foster independence and problem-solving skills in students, so it’s advisable to encourage self-reliance while being available for assistance when needed.
How can teachers make homework more engaging?
Teachers can make homework more engaging by incorporating creative and interactive elements. This can include assigning project-based tasks, encouraging students to explore their interests, and providing opportunities for self-expression and critical thinking.
Is homework beneficial for students of all ages?
The benefits of homework can be observed across different age groups, although the nature and amount of homework may vary. Younger students may benefit from shorter assignments that focus on foundational skills, while older students can engage in more complex tasks that promote critical thinking and independent research.
What should be done if a student consistently struggles with homework?
If a student consistently struggles with homework, it is important to identify the underlying reasons. This may involve communication between teachers, parents, and the student to address any learning difficulties, provide additional support, or explore alternative learning strategies.
Top 19 Tips & Tricks On How To Improve Grades?
Do you want to improve your grades? If yes, then don’t worry! In this blog, I have provided 19 tips…
How To Study For Final Exam – 12 Proven Tips You Must Know
How To Study For Final Exam? Studying for the final exam is very important for academic success because they test…
Leave a Comment Cancel Reply
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed .
- Create new account
- All Parents -->
- Pregnancy -->
- Adoption -->
- Toddler -->
- Preschool -->
- Elementary -->
- Special Needs -->
What science says about the benefits of homework
More from expert.
- More by Expert
View the discussion thread.
Madeline Levine, PhD, is a psychologist with close to 30 years of experience as a clinician, consultant and educator. Her New York Times bestseller, The Price of Privilege , explores the reasons why teenagers from affluent families are experiencing epidemic rates of emotional problems. Her book, Teach Your Children Well, outlines how our current narrow definition of success unnecessarily stresses academically talented kids and marginalizes many more whose talents and interests are less amenable to measurement. The development of skills needed to be successful in the 21 st century- creativity, collaboration, innovation – are not easily developed in our competitive, fast-paced, high pressure world. Teach Your Children Well gives practical, research- based solutions to help parents return their families to healthier and saner versions of themselves.
Dr. Levine is also a co-founder of Challenge Success, a project born at the Stanford School of Education. Challenge Success believes that our increasingly competitive world has led to tremendous anxiety about our children’s’ futures and has resulted in a high pressure, myopic focus on grades, test scores and performance. This kind of pressure and narrow focus isn’t helping our kids become the resilient, capable, meaningful contributors we need in the 21st century. So every day, Challenge Success provides families and schools with the practical research-based tools they need to raise healthy, motivated kids, capable of reaching their full potential. We know that success is measured over the course of a lifetime, not at the end of the grading period.
Dr. Levine began her career as an elementary and junior high school teacher in the South Bronx of New York before moving to California and earning her degrees in psychology. She has had a large clinical practice with an emphasis on child and adolescent problems and parenting issues. Currently however, she spends most of her time crisscrossing the country speaking to parents, educators, students, and business leaders. Dr. Levine has taught Child Development classes to graduate students at the University of California Medical Center/ San Francisco. For many years, Dr. Levine has been a consultant to various schools, from preschool through High School, public as well as private, throughout the country. She has been featured on television programs from the Early Show to the Lehrer report, on NPR stations such as Diane Rheems in Washington and positively reviewed in publications from Scientific American to the Washington Post. She is sought out both nationally and internationally as an expert and keynote speaker.
Dr. Levine and her husband of 35 years, Lee Schwartz, MD are the incredibly proud (and slightly relieved) parents of three newly minted and thriving sons.
- Create Account
- Top Products
- Parent 2 Parent
- ALL PARENTS
- SPECIAL NEEDS
- Law & Money
- Other Specialties
- Safety & Security
- Special Needs
- Premium Subscription
What Are the Benefits of Homework?
The vast majority of students think that homework is extremely essential and value the time they spend on it. It helps students review what they've learned and get ready for what's to come in class.
- Nonetheless, there are still those students who consistently struggle to do their homework on time or to the expected standard.
- The benefits of giving students homework will be discussed, and strategies for getting it done quickly will be offered.
If you're feeling overwhelmed by the amount of schoolwork you have to perform, keep reading. Possibly, the benefits might justify the effort.
There are millions of youngsters all across the world that are having trouble in school. Help your child get ahead with one of the many online learning and tutoring programmes offered by Dr. Study.
The Benefits And Drawbacks Of Having Homework
Benefits of homework, teaching students how to manage their time.
There is no better instrument than homework to teach a child how to manage his or her time wisely.
- This means that teaching and practising efficient use of one's time is a responsibility shared by the family and the school.
- Even if your kid has other obligations, like playing or doing some minor chores, you should always give them plenty of time to finish their homework.
Homework is best accomplished when one is in a calm, focused state of mind. It's important to make sure your kid is fed and rested before you start anything.
- Sitting down with your kid and working through their schoolwork together is a great way to instil in them a sense of responsibility and teach them how to prioritise tasks.
As a consequence, with your help, your kid should be able to set his or her own priorities for the tasks. Using this strategy, you can more easily do multiple activities in a limited amount of time.
Teachers Can Gauge Their Students’ Progress in Their Lessons by Checking Their Homework
Ask yourself whether you've ever worried that your students didn't grasp the concepts you gave to them.
- Then perhaps you might think about giving them some homework.
Based on the students' answers, you'll have a good idea of how much they've retained from the lesson.
If the answers aren't what you were hoping for, it's time to review the chapter and break it down into smaller, more digestible chunks.
Some of your students likely struggled to keep track of more technical terms because they didn't grasp them.
- The single most effective thing you can do is to encourage your students to seek clarification by asking questions about difficult ideas.
Additionally, feel free to incorporate a range of learning methods if you wish to ensure that the specific topic is grasped. Example: teaching pupils how to play an instrument requires direct interaction with the instrument itself. However, using real-world examples is the most effective method of visual education.
Prepares Them to Take On Challenges and Find Solutions
- Problem-solving skills are crucial for success in school, and teachers will use them to gauge your child's reasoning and decision-making prowess.
When your kid is in a classroom, they can work on projects with other students and get feedback from their teacher.
- But when they're at home, they have to rely on what they've already learned to solve their problems in the most efficient way possible.
However, putting this plan into effect is not easy. Ability to focus and the willingness to get instant help with difficult concepts are needed.
- However, if your kid is successful at school and learns how to solve difficulties, they'll be well-equipped to use those same skills at home.
- It's crucial for parents to start instilling a sense of confidence in their children from a young age.
Confidence is essential for both boosting pupils' self-esteem and allowing them to raise enquiries without fear of ridicule from their classmates.
Offers a Second Chance for Students to Review Course Content
- There is no limit to learning, despite what you may have been taught in school.
If you're a student who takes their studies seriously, you should do your best to do them at the comfort of your own home.
- If your child does their homework on a regular basis, they will have a unique chance to revisit the material they learned in class.
By reviewing material on a regular basis, students are able to learn more, remember details more quickly, and see more options for how to tackle the same problem.
Your child's knowledge is more deeply embedded in their mind when he or she has had ample opportunity to revisit it through homework.
Consequently, the more students do the exercises, the easier it will be for them to respond to similar questions in the future.
Parents Can View Their Children’s Lessons.
In addition to the student, the instructor also stands to gain from homework assignments.
- If a parent is interested in their child's growth and academic progress across a range of topics, they can learn just as much as their child.
- In just ten or twenty minutes, you can quickly brush up on your child's schoolwork and be up to speed on what they're learning.
Based on the assessment's findings, you can help your child work towards building a range of strategies for responding to different types of enquiries.
However, it is essential that you encourage your child to research solutions independently in order to be appropriately prepared for examinations that measure individual comprehension.
Students Develop a Sense of Responsibility by Taking Ownership of Their Learning
- There's a school of thought that says giving kids homework will help them grow up to be responsible adults.
- Regular homework assignments serve as a subtle reminder to students of the value of their schoolwork.
Additionally, with each completed assignment, your child will be one step closer to achieving their educational goals and accepting responsibility for the decisions they make in their lives.
- In a nutshell, assigning your child homework helps them acquire the skills they'll need to take on adult responsibilities that are considerably more challenging and time-consuming than schoolwork.
Furthermore, your kid will have a growth attitude, which is a powerful tool for overcoming challenges and accomplishing ambitions.
When Students Are Forced to Do Something They Don’t Want to Do, They Learn to Do It
Most students dislike having homework to accomplish at home since it takes time away from their preferred pastimes.
However, if you give your kid homework and insist that he or she does it, you might help them learn an important lesson: that they have to do things even if they don't want to. Your kid should be ready to take part in the kinds of things that will be the norm for them by the time they're adults.
The emphasis is on prioritising long-term happiness over short-term satisfaction and learning to tolerate sacrifice.
The onus of being willing to make sacrifices in the name of success rests not only on the parents, but also on the offspring.
If your child is prepared to accept the rewards that come with making sacrifices, he or she will be in a better position to eliminate distractions and focus on the work at hand.
- Although it may be difficult, asking someone to turn off their TV and mobile phone is a great test of their focus and dedication.
It’s Great for Instilling Self-Discipline in the Form of Regular Practice
- It's true that solving the same issues over and over again can be a real drag, yet doing so has long-term benefits for your discipline.
Oftentimes, hearing something more than once is necessary to really get it.
With continued training, you eventually reach a higher level of proficiency.
- Especially if it's for a difficult subject, completing your homework every night will make the material much easier to understand.
The student will benefit from this in the future when applying for jobs in the student's chosen vocational field.
This Helps Bring Parents Into Their Children’s Lives
Occasionally, parents may feel lost when attempting to understand the Common Core's mathematical standards.
For instance, the answer that appears to be accurate if the mathematical problem known as 53 is recast as an additional problem is the three-digit sum 5+5+5.
Three times three times three times three is the correct solution, though.
- Students can get their parents interested in their children's education by giving them homework to do at home.
Many parents ask for their children's assignments to be sent to them through email so that they can keep up with class.
The early education programme offered by Dr. Study is individualised to meet the requirements of each child. We ensure that children have a positive first experience with school, one that helps them develop self-esteem and a passion for learning.
You'll Learn How to Better Manage Your Time.
Homework is more than just a checklist item.
- As a result, teaching children (and parents) to effectively manage their time is essential.
- Planning up your day in advance is essential for getting everything done.
It encourages creative problem-solving and the development of one's own unique cognitive processes.
Research capacity is bolstered as a result. Furthermore, it requires both parents and children to practise excellent decision-making, which can be difficult for all parties involved.
Having Homework Establishes a Common Ground for Conversation
Students' personal lives at home are rarely discussed during class.
Similarly, parents rarely see their children's classroom environments.
Through the completion of homework, there is tridirectional contact between the home, the classroom, and the school.
That way, people can meet and get to know one another better. Educators benefit from a deeper understanding of their student populations' needs thanks to this tool.
This is a great way for parents to find out what their child is capable of and where they may have some challenges. Collectively, we can create a curriculum that provides the best possible conditions for learning.
This Creates an Ideal Atmosphere for Serious Academic Work
While classrooms have certainly improved throughout the years, they still can't compare to the comfort and safety of one's own home or another trusted environment.
- When a youngster is given the freedom to learn in a setting where they feel most comfortable, they are more likely to retain material that could be forgotten in a more formal classroom.
It Gives You More Time to Finish off the Learning Process
Each academic subject is sometimes given only an hour a day, if that, in schools, especially those serving pupils in grades K-12.
In most cases, more time is required for students to grasp the underlying concepts and principles of the topic completely.
We can lessen the impact of time constraints by compensating for missed study time with homework assignments tailored to individual student's areas of weakness. Over time, this will benefit students greatly.
It’s Perfectly Fine to Treat It Like Any Other Extracurricular Activity
When children in a household are involved in too many extracurricular activities , everyone's time and energy are spread too thin.
More than 40 hours a week can be spent on clubs and sports teams outside of the regular school day.
When there is ample downtime, schoolwork can be included as one of these tasks.
Some of the required preparation work can even be completed on the way to or from specific events.
The Downsides of Homework
Play is important for kids’ development.
- Learning can take place both inside and outside the classroom; both indoor and outdoor activities have their merits.
T oo much homework can stunt a child's development in cognitive and social areas since it cuts into their leisure time.
- A lack of play is associated with a number of negative outcomes, including underachievement in school, a lack of attention to safety, stunted character growth, and poor health as an adult.
It Encourages A Sedentary Lifestyle
It's possible that putting in the time and effort required for homework will pay dividends in terms of improved knowledge retention and skill acquisition, but this may come at a price.
We Can’t Assume That Everyone’s House Is a Safe Haven
The education of young children is a priority for some households. In some households, parents are actively involved in helping their kids with homework, while in others, tutors are available to help with more complex assignments.
On the other hand, there are some families that place little to no value on their children's education, which can be detrimental to their growth. Some parents refuse to help their kids with schoolwork, claiming that the school is to fault.
There are times when a parent would like to help and support their child, but they are unable to do so because of many factors. Ultimately, home life is not the same for every family.
For Most Kids, Schooling Already Constitutes Full-Time Work
Timetables for elementary schools often run from 9:00 am to 3:20 pm.
Children as young as five are devoting almost six hours daily to their schooling.
Schools actively encourage students to participate in extracurricular activities like athletics, musicals, and after-school programming, which can easily add another two hours to a student's daily instructional time.
Plus, you still have to do your homework?
Doing additional work or finishing homework early is a lot to expect of any kid, but especially younger ones.
No Research Has Shown That Assigning Homework Leads to Better Grades
- Studies have shown that assigning homework does nothing but make kids cynical about their schooling.
- On a nationwide scale, homework completion is also unrelated to student success in school.
According to certain sources[not in citation given] There is anecdotal evidence that students who have access to a knowledgeable tutor or parent perform better in certain areas, but no data to demonstrate that this has a widespread effect.
It Discourages Creative Endeavours
Each hour a pupil spends on homework is an hour they can't spend on something else.
Even if students enjoy these activities, schoolwork inhibits them from devoting the time necessary to improve their talents in areas like art, photography, and musical instrument performance.
Although original thought may be called for in completing some of the homework, this is usually not the case.
Enforcing Students to Complete Their Homework Might Be Challenging
Some pupils simply don't care if they finish their assignments.
They know they can get good grades without it, so they choose not to bother.
For some students, no amount of encouragement from a parent or teacher will be enough to get them to do their homework.
Truth be told, you will need to put up some effort if you expect to finish your schoolwork successfully. Sometimes kids just don't want to put in the work that's needed.
Time Spent in Class Does Not Translate to Academic Success
Students in the United States spend over 100 hours more time in school than students in other high-performing countries throughout the world, but the educational gap between the two has not been closed.
The United States continues to slip behind other developed nations in a number of key educational indicators, even though kids are spending more time in class than ever before.
- Quality, not quantity, is what matters most while studying or completing assignments like homework.
It’s Possible That Realistic Training Is Unattainable
If students have homework, it is their responsibility (or that of a responsible adult) to acquire materials that will help them learn the concepts being discussed in class. Homework is assigned so that students may get some much-needed practice, but this serves no useful purpose if the students don't fully grasp the concepts behind the material they're working on.
Incorrect student practice requires the teacher to intervene, fix the problem, and then re-teach the material, lengthening the learning process.
Multiple Forms of Cheating Could Be Encouraged
- Some students may decide they can get away with cheating in class rather than doing their homework because of the time it would take them to finish it.
It's easy to fall into the trap of using Google or another online resource instead of thinking creatively and independently these days.
In order to save time and energy, families with multiple children may decide to manufacture copies.
Benchmarks Are Often Incorporated Into Homework Assignments
Homework is commonly offered to help students prepare for and perform better on upcoming assessments.
While this may have some positive outcomes, such as improved study abilities or habits, it ignores the reality that children's learning is impaired when they are sleepy.
The results of standardised tests tend to suffer when children are given more homework than is considered healthy. The stress level increases. The concept of burnout is addressed in class.
In search of primary school program ? Dr. Study is an English, Math, Science, and Humanities education programme for youngsters that is available both online and in-person.
Homework is essential for many students, but there are still those who struggle to do their homework on time or to the expected standard.
The benefits of homework include teaching students how to manage their time wisely, giving them plenty of time to finish their homework, and gauging their students' progress in their lessons by checking their homework.
Homework is best accomplished when one is in a calm, focused state of mind, and sitting down with your kid and working through their schoolwork together is a great way to instil in them a sense of responsibility and teach them how to prioritise tasks.
Help your child get ahead with one of the many online learning and tutoring programmes offered by Dr. Study.
The most important details in this text are that parents should encourage their students to seek clarification by asking questions about difficult ideas, incorporate a range of learning methods, prepare them to take on challenges and find solutions, and provide a second chance for students to review course content.
Additionally, parents should start instilling a sense of confidence in their children from a young age, which is essential for both boosting pupils' self-esteem and allowing them to raise enquiries without fear of ridicule from their classmates.
Finally, parents can view their children's lessons, and the instructor also stands to gain from homework assignments.
Giving kids homework can help them develop a sense of responsibility by taking ownership of their learning.
It also helps them acquire the skills they'll need to take on adult responsibilities that are more challenging and time-consuming than schoolwork.
When students are forced to do something they don't want to do, they learn to do it.
Homework is a great way to instil self-discipline in the form of regular practice. It also helps to bring parents into the students' lives by providing them with homework to do at home.
It also encourages creative problem-solving and the development of one's own unique cognitive processes, and it requires both parents and children to practise excellent decision-making.
Additionally, it establishes a common ground for conversation between the home, the classroom, and the school.
Finally, it teaches children how to manage their time better.
Homework is a great tool for educators to gain a deeper understanding of their student populations' needs and create a curriculum that provides the best possible conditions for learning.
It provides the comfort and safety of one's own home or another trusted environment, gives students more time to finish off the learning process, and encourages a sedentary lifestyle.
However, too much homework can stunt a child's development in cognitive and social areas, leading to negative outcomes such as underachievement in school, a lack of attention to safety, stunted character growth, and poor health as an adult.
It is important to treat homework like any other extracurricular activity, as it can be completed on the way to or from specific events.
The education of young children is a priority for some households, while others place little to no value on their children's education.
- Some parents refuse to help their kids with schoolwork, claiming that the school is to fault.
For most kids, schooling already constitutes full-time work, and homework can add another two hours to their daily instructional time.
No research has shown that assigning homework leads to better grades, and homework completion is unrelated to student success in school. It discourages creative endeavours, and forcing students to complete their homework can be challenging.
Some pupils simply don't care if they finish their assignments, so they choose not to bother.
Students in the United States spend more time in school than in other high-performing countries, but the educational gap between the two has not been closed. Quality, not quantity, is what matters most when studying or completing assignments like homework.
- Homework is assigned so that students may get some much-needed practice, but this serves no useful purpose if the students don't fully grasp the concepts behind the material they're working on.
Additionally, multiple forms of cheating could be encouraged.
Benchmarks are often incorporated into homework assignments to help students prepare for and perform better on upcoming assessments, but this ignores the reality that children's learning is impaired when they are sleepy.
The concept of burnout is addressed in class, and Study is an English, Math, Science, and Humanities education programme for youngsters that is available both online and in-person.
- The vast majority of students think that homework is extremely essential and value the time they spend on it.
- There is no better instrument than the homework to teach a child how to manage his or her time wisely.
- Additionally, feel free to incorporate a range of learning methods if you wish to ensure that the specific topic is grasped.
- However, using real-world examples is the most effective method of visual education.
- However, if you give your kid homework and insist that he or she does it, you might help them learn an important lesson: that they have to do things even if they don't want to.
- We ensure that children have a positive first experience with school, one that helps them develop self-esteem and a passion for learning.
- Educators benefit from a deeper understanding of their student populations' needs thanks to this tool.
- This is a great way for parents to find out what their child is capable of and where they may have some challenges.
- Collectively, we can create a curriculum that provides the best possible conditions for learning.
- In most cases, more time is required for students to completely grasp the underlying concepts and principles of the topic.
- We can lessen the impact of time constraints by compensating for missed study time with homework assignments tailored to individual students' areas of weakness.
- When children in a household are involved in too many extracurricular activities, everyone's time and energy is spread too thin.
- Too much homework can stunt a child's development in cognitive and social areas since it cuts into their leisure time.
- The education of young children is a priority for some households.
- In some households, parents are actively involved in helping their kids with homework, while in others, tutors are available to help with more complex assignments.
- On the other hand, there are some families that place little to no value on their children's education, which can be detrimental to their growth.
- Ultimately, home life is not the same for every family.
- Truth be told, you will need to put up some effort if you expect to finish your schoolwork successfully.
- Sometimes kids just don't want to put in the work that's needed.
- If students have homework, it is their responsibility (or that of a responsible adult) to acquire materials that will help them learn the concepts being discussed in class.
- The results of standardised tests tend to suffer when children are given more homework than is considered healthy.
Frequently Asked Questions
How does homework help students.
Homework teaches students how to set priorities. Second, homework helps teachers determine how well their students understand the lessons. Third, homework teaches students how to problem-solve. Finally, homework teaches students the importance of planning, staying organised, and taking action.
Is Homeworks Important?
Homework allows students to revise classroom learnings and builds the habit of self-study. In addition, it helps them to score better. Increases concentration: While doing homework, students find an isolated place to study to concentrate more.
How Often Should Homework Be Given?
This rule recommends that students are assigned a daily maximum of 10 minutes of homework per grade level. It means that a third-grader, for example, should do 30 minutes of homework each night. When they reach high school, this goes up to about two hours each night.
How Much Homework Is A Good Amount?
It would be best to assign too much homework: the maximum should be approximately one to two hours a day for high school students and one hour a day for elementary and middle school students. The amount of homework assigned to students should be gradually increased by around ten minutes with each grade.
How Does Homework Help Students In The Future?
Homework allows students to practice or extend the material learned in the classroom. Research tells us that doing homework increases students' learning and helps them learn important life skills such as organisation, problem-solving, goal-setting, and perseverance.
We've detected unusual activity from your computer network
To continue, please click the box below to let us know you're not a robot.
Why did this happen?
For inquiries related to this message please contact our support team and provide the reference ID below.
- Announcing Microsoft Copilot, your everyday AI companion
Today we take the next step to unify your favorite AI capabilities into a single experience we call Microsoft Copilot, your everyday AI companion. Copilot will uniquely incorporate the context and intelligence of the web, your work data and what you are doing in the moment on your PC to provide better assistance – with your privacy and security at the forefront.
- Announcing Microsoft 365 Copilot general availability and Microsoft 365 Chat
- New Microsoft security tools to protect families and businesses
Watch the event, keynote photos.
Download: Print Web
Satya Nadella opening keynote
Introducing copilot in windows 11, new ai tools, and more, image creator with dall-e-3, personalized answers, ai camera lenses in swiftkey, ai stickers in swiftkey, bing chat enterprise, edge | browser actions, edge | microsoft shopping, edge | inline compose, tab auto-grouping, microsoft 365 copilot: security & privacy, microsoft 365 chat: your personal assistant at work, copilot lab | learn to work in a new way, get more from m365 chat with external plugins, copilot in word | enhance your writing and design, copilot in outlook | keep up with meetings, copilot in excel | python integration, meet the new surface laptop studio 2, meet the new surface laptop go 3.
- Windows September top features highlights
- Surface Laptop Studio 2 fact sheet
- Surface Laptop Go 3 fact sheet
- Surface Go 4 for Business fact sheet
- Worklab: The art and science of working with AI
- Microsoft Sept. 21 announcement one sheet
- Transforming search and advertising with generative AI
- AI-powered Edge browser’s latest wave of innovation
- Check us out on RSS